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Running Head: SUSTAINABILITY 0

SUSTAINABILITY
SUSTAINABILITY 1

Table of Contents
1. Issues on planet ............................................................................................................................... 2
2. Causes ............................................................................................................................................. 2
3. Suitable solution.............................................................................................................................. 2
4. Stakeholder ..................................................................................................................................... 2
5. Project stakeholders ........................................................................................................................ 3
6. Sustainable design ........................................................................................................................... 3
7. Sustainable design criteria .............................................................................................................. 3
Flow duration curve ............................................................................................................................ 3
Flow rate measurement ....................................................................................................................... 4
Weir and open channel........................................................................................................................ 4
Trash rack design and penstock design ............................................................................................... 4
8. Self-awareness ................................................................................................................................ 4
9. Social ecological thinking and uncertainty ..................................................................................... 4
10. Risk & uncertainty ...................................................................................................................... 4
11. Management of time ................................................................................................................... 5
Plan work ahead .................................................................................................................................. 5
Clear priority and focus ...................................................................................................................... 5
Shorter deadlines and every day summaries ....................................................................................... 5
12. Engineering ethics ....................................................................................................................... 5
13. Communication ........................................................................................................................... 5
14. Change proposal.......................................................................................................................... 6
15. Wastes ......................................................................................................................................... 6
16. Criteria of smart city ................................................................................................................... 6
17. Effective coordination, collaboration, & communication ........................................................... 7
References ............................................................................................................................................... 8
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1. Issues on planet
The world is facing many serious problem like climate change, ocean over-fishing, fresh water
depletion, deforestation, and undeveloped green infrastructure. There are many causes of not
maintaining a green infrastructure as organization not become capable enough to generate
sustainability in ecosystem and social services (Hite, & Seitz, 2016). The main challenge is
incorporating basic concept of sustainability into economic and social system. For example, in
urban areas Stormwater is negatively seen that impact humans negatively by flooding. Green
infrastructure is the most important component of sustainable urban communities. If not
maintained than decrease the air quality regulation, Erosion protection, water flow regulation,
Pollination, and so on (Yearley, 2014).

2. Causes
Higher global temperature effects environmental and social changes that directly and indirectly
cause by human emissions of gases of greenhouse. This occurs when many air pollutants and
carbon dioxide and greenhouse gases collect in the atmosphere and absorb sunlight and solar
radiation that bounced off the surface of earth. This is a main problem in the atmosphere that
act like a blanket, warming and trapping heat the planet. Burning of fossil fuel like oil, coal,
and natural gas for energy, burn & cut forests for create plantations and pasture overloads
atmosphere. Agricultural practices and management of waste has generated many problem to
release potent global warming gases like nitrous oxide and methane (Körner, 2012).

3. Suitable solution
There is need of establish an effective green infrastructure by communities develop, and shift
of climate patterns and need to be replace, upgrade, rehabilitate that continue grow. There
should be a gray stormwater infrastructure designed to move urban stormwater away from the
build environment and green infrastructure will reduce and treat the stormwater as source by
delivering the economic, social, and environmental benefits. Green infrastructure supplement
the existing green infrastructure to supplement the existing gray infrastructure that will promote
the urban livability and add to communities’ bottom line. This will reduce the cost of
community’s infrastructure and promote the economic growth and create the construction and
maintenance jobs (Gunasekaran & Spalanzani, 2012).

4. Stakeholder
Stakeholder is a party that is interested in the organization and affect or affected by the
business. Stakeholder can be internal and external. Internal stakeholder are individual that
interest in an organization by a direct relationship like employment, investment, or ownership.
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Eternal stakeholder are individual that directly not work with the organization but affected by
the outcome and action of business. I am working as an engineer in a power distribution
organization name called “Ergon Energy there are stakeholders are directors, employees,
creditors, owners, government, unions, suppliers and community. All the stakeholders are note
equal (Peloza, & Shang, 2011).

5. Project stakeholders
Project stakeholder for a green infrastructure is an organization or person that positively and
negatively impacted by project. The main group of stakeholders would be project manager,
project team, the functional management, the sponsor, and the customers. A stakeholder
register will be made to define the information about the stakeholder’s management. At the
starting of the project interviews with the stakeholders preferences will support to understand
the preferences. Stakeholder’s engagement should be done by communicate with project
stakeholders to gain support for the project that will specified the frequency and type of media,
communications, contact persons and locations of events of communication.

6. Sustainable design
In the green infrastructure sustainable design seeks to decrease negative impacts on
environment, health and comfort of generating occupants by improving and building
performance. The main objective of sustainable principle consists optimize site potential,
minimize non-renewable consumption of energy, environmentally preferable products, protect
and conserve water, increase indoor environmental quality, and optimize operational and
maintenance practices. This will encourage the decisions at each phase of design process and
decrease the negative impact on the environment. For more energy t-5 lamps by smaller
housing units is a way to save space and helped to reduce material and construction costs
(Khalili, & Duecker, 2013).

7. Sustainable design criteria


The sustainable design criteria for a hydro plant in Thailand will consider to prepare and taken
into account in the design process these considerations are as follows:

Flow duration curve


The type, size, and speed of turbine will be based on net head and maximum flow rate of water
that must be determined by the stream or river that turbine shall be installed. This must be built
by run of river plants and maximum flow of water by flow duration curve for the stream or
river. This is a way for organizing the discharge data through plotting a duration of flow curve.
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This can be obtained by hydro-graph by data organizing through magnitude in place of


chronologically (Verhulst, & Boks, 2012).

Flow rate measurement


This is a conventional system for medium to large reviews and mean velocity of the water.

Weir and open channel


This generate the possibility to build a Weir.

Trash rack design and penstock design


This support to prevent trash from getting entry in the entrance flume and generate a slanting
position. Penstocks uses to convey water from the intake to power house.

8. Self-awareness
Self-awareness is the best viewed from the standpoint of personal development and support to
have a deep understanding of values, habits, strength, and weakness. I demonstrates my self-
awareness by strong character that create ability to lead by purpose, authenticity, trust, and
openness. This support to give a clear understanding from other people. This helps me to
identify gape that effective and need additional work. For example my consciousness is a
spectrum of feelings that include instinct, emotion, thinking by a holographic conscious visual
of reality that is quieter and more accurate in language and the easiest way to update
consciousness with the latest information gained.

9. Social ecological thinking and uncertainty


Dependencies and interactions between nature and human is known as a social ecological
thinking. Nature and human are coupled at the strong level toward the point that conceived as
social ecological system. In the global society resilience starts from the belief that nature and
human is strongly couple towards the point to conceive as a social ecological system. In
globalized society ecosystem not virtually shaped by people without need for ecosystem and
provided services. System of social ecological is uncertain and composed many diverse non-
human and human entities that interact. They adapt changes in environment and environment
changes as a result (Azkarate, Ricondo, & Martínez, etc. 2011).

10. Risk & uncertainty


The risk is known as a situation of winning or losing something that is worthy. Uncertainty is
a condition that there is no knowledge about the events of future. Risk is measured and
quantified by theoretical models. Uncertainty is not possible to measure in quantitative terms
regarding future events that are unpredictable. In risk potential customer are known and
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outcome are unknown in uncertainty. Controlled risk can be properly measure and taken to
control it. Uncertainty is beyond the control of enterprise or person as future is known as an
uncertain. Risk minimization can be done by necessary precautions and opposed to uncertainty
that cannot be minimized.

11. Management of time


There are many strategies of time management can be applied by me to save time and schedule
own work in green infrastructure project (Bond, Morrison-Saunders, Gunn, & etc. 2015). Following
are the steps used to manage time by working a project of team.

Plan work ahead


Accomplish specified timeframe will support to set up process of team project. By planning
day to day task will support to generate a to-do list that improve the visibility of the
requirements in many assignments and support to establish requirements and goals of project.

Clear priority and focus


This is important to clearly prioritize order of task as per the importance, effort, and urgency
to achieve goals. This will support to spot tasks that need attention and focus on them.

Shorter deadlines and every day summaries


Shorter deadlines support to finish the work on the available time. The review of time on a
certain date will support to complete the work by show of results. Day to day summary will
support to discover and check the task by motivate for next day.

12. Engineering ethics


Engineering is a procedure to develop an effective mechanism that eases and quickens that
work by using limited resources by the help of technology. Ethics are principle that accepted
by the society and equate to the human beings moral standards. The engineer with ethics
support the society in an effective way. Engineering ethics are implemented in engineering by
the engineers as important for the good of the society. This is a study of decision, values, and
policies that morally desirable in practices and research of engineering. Role in engineering
organization is to design of a mechanical systems. These should assist the manufacturing,
heating, and cooling.

13. Communication
This is the most important part for business. This will support to realize the difference between
non effective and effective communication in organization. Communication can be in the form
of oral and written. For demonstration of oral communication personal discussion, informal
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conversation will done and identify the result of a successful completion of a work. For written
communication I will publish the email within the organization and identify the number of
responses to the email and implement the process of work.

14. Change proposal


This is a formal proposal to change the level of service or activities for funding that effect the
work scope. This must be planned and coordinated effort between contractor and client. An
identification of the problem support to find difference between actual and desired situation.
Benefit and necessities of a change support to grow. This support to generate more flexibility
and include the re-evaluation of belief system. Change proposal support to revel strength and
help to establish an ability to adapt new environment. Change proposal bring new actions and
keep mind active and refocus on thoughts to stay active .

15. Wastes
This can be classified in the five types and naturally found around the house. It consists liquid
waste, organic waste, solid waste, hazardous waste, and recyclable waste. E-waste is referred
to the disposal of broken or obsolete electronic materials and components. This is recyclable
and valuable like reusable laptops and random access memory. Hierarchy of waste is used in
the process of evaluation that protect the environment by resource and energy consumption
through favourable to least favourable actions. This support to establish prefer program
priorities relies on sustainability. This indicate order of preferences for action to decrease and
manage waste and presented in the form of a pyramid diagrammatically. This support the
objective of the organization to extract the maximum benefits from product and generate
minimum amount of waste (Williams, & Baláž, 2015).

16. Criteria of smart city


State government shortlists smart cities on the basis of adequate supply of water, assured supply
of electricity, sanitation with solid management of waste, effective urban mobility, and
transport of public, affordable housing for poor persons, effective digitalization and IT
connectivity, sustainable environment, good governance with citizen participation, security and
safety of citizen specially for children, women, and elderly, and education, and health. Combat
poverty by promoting economic development and creation of job. Decrease air pollution by
upgrading energy use and alternative use of system of transport. Incorporate the trees and plant
trees for care of city green spaces as a key element in urban planning. Generate private-public
partnership to deliver services like housing and waste disposal (Lombardi, Giordano, Farouh & etc.,
2012).
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17. Effective coordination, collaboration, & communication


Success in an engineering project is achieve by invention and communication. Effective
coordination, collaboration, & communication is very crucial for the success of engineering
project as many individual involved for efficiency of project that are key drivers. These are
very important as support to track the process of completion of work. These all support to
generate the effectiveness to focus on the processes and increase innovation and flexibility.
These knowledge of work effectively in highly cognitive and highly social environment. These
all support the members of a project to develop ideas and draw own insight, memory, and
analytical skills. Concept and ideas are very useful for an organization and must be available
for development.
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References
Yearley, S., 2014. The Green Case (Routledge Revivals): A Sociology of Environmental
Issues, Arguments and Politics. Routledge.
Hite, K.A. and Seitz, J.L., 2016. Global issues: an introduction. John Wiley & Sons.
Körner, C., 2012. Alpine treelines: functional ecology of the global high elevation tree limits.
Springer Science & Business Media.
Gunasekaran, A. and Spalanzani, A., 2012. Sustainability of manufacturing and services:
Investigations for research and applications. International journal of production
economics, 140(1), pp.35-47.
Peloza, J. and Shang, J., 2011. How can corporate social responsibility activities create value
for stakeholders? A systematic review. Journal of the academy of Marketing Science, 39(1),
pp.117-135.
Khalili, N.R. and Duecker, S., 2013. Application of multi-criteria decision analysis in design
of sustainable environmental management system framework. Journal of Cleaner
Production, 47, pp.188-198.
Verhulst, E. and Boks, C., 2012. The role of human factors in the adoption of sustainable
design criteria in business: evidence from Belgian and Dutch case studies. International
journal of innovation and sustainable development, 6(2), pp.146-163.
Azkarate, A., Ricondo, I., Pérez, A. and Martínez, P., 2011. An assessment method and
design support system for designing sustainable machine tools. Journal of Engineering
Design, 22(3), pp.165-179.
Bond, A., Morrison-Saunders, A., Gunn, J.A., Pope, J. and Retief, F., 2015. Managing
uncertainty, ambiguity and ignorance in impact assessment by embedding evolutionary
resilience, participatory modelling and adaptive management. Journal of environmental
management, 151, pp.97-104.
Williams, A.M. and Baláž, V., 2015. Tourism risk and uncertainty: Theoretical
reflections. Journal of Travel Research, 54(3), pp.271-287.
Lombardi, P., Giordano, S., Farouh, H. and Yousef, W., 2012. Modelling the smart city
performance. Innovation: The European Journal of Social Science Research, 25(2), pp.137-
149.