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Ceramic

A ceramic material may be defined as any inorganic crystalline material, compounded of a metal and a non-metal. It is
solid and inert. Ceramic materials are brittle, hard, and strong in compression, weak in shearing and tension.

: The term "ceramic" once referred only to clay-based materials.

made of clay and hardened by heat

Significance of Ceramic

Ceramics can withstand high temperatures, are good thermal insulators, and do not expand greatly when heated.

explain: This makes them excellent thermal barriers, for applications that range from lining industrial furnaces to covering
the space shuttle to protect it from high reentry temperatures.

Glasses are transparent, amorphous ceramics that are widely used in windows, lenses, and many other familiar
applications

pwedeng start - Ceramics were a game changer in history because they were the first hard material
that could be formed as a soft material.

Make it while its soft then set it into stone. Awesome.

Ceramics are also important for filtration and separation processes.


Ceramic materials such as alumina and silicon carbide are employed as faucet washers and counterfaces in
mechanical seals for pumps and blowers.
uses

In ancient times, ceramic vessels were used for eating and drinking as well as storing substances such as wine.

early ceramic vessels certainly had a degree of artistry, it was not until some time later that humans used
ceramic for strictly artistic purposes.

Ceramics can be used for many technological applications. One example is NASA's Space Shuttle, which uses
ceramic tiles to protect it from the searing heat of reentry into Earth's atmosphere. Future supersonic space
planes may likewise be fitted with such tiles. Ceramics are also used widely in electronics and optics. In addition
to the applications listed here, ceramics are used as a coating in various engineering cases. For example, a
ceramic bearing coating may be used over a titanium frame for an airplane. Recently, the field has come to
include the studies of single crystals or glass fibers, in addition to traditional polycrystalline materials, and the
applications of these have been overlapping and changing rapidly.

Glass ceramic materials have the same chemical compositions as glasses but differ from them in that they are
typically 95-98% crystalline by volume, with only a small percentage vitreous. The crystals themselves are
generally very small, less than 1µm and most often very uniform in size.