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Jurnal Teknik Mesin S-1, Vol. x, No.

x, Tahun xxx
Online: http://ejournal-s1.undip.ac.id/index.php/jtm

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THE INFLUENCE OF POST WELD HEAT TREATMENT (PWHT) WITH INDUCTION
HEATER ON MECHANICAL PROPERTIES AND MICROSTRUCTURES OF WELDING
SHIELD METAL ARC WELDING (SMAW) IN API 5L X52 PIPE
*Mahmuda Haira1, Gunawan Dwi Haryadi2, Rifky Ismail2
1
Student of the Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Diponegoro University
2
Lecturer in Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Diponegoro University
Jl. Prof. H. Soedarto, SH, Tembalang-Semarang 50275, Telp. +62247460059
*
Email:mahmuda.haira@gmail.com

ABSTRACT

The pipeline has been used as one of the most practical and low-cost methods to transport oil and gas.
Pipe connection is done by welding process. Welding generates a local heating effect with high
temperatures that cause the metal to undergo thermal expansion as well as shrinkage during cooling.
This leads to residual stresses, changes in micro structure, hardness and toughness that vary in each
construction area. One way to improve that is by doing post weld heat treatment (PWHT). This study
aims to determine the effect of PWHT on mechanical properties and microstructure on welding with
shield metal arc welding (SMAW) method. PWHT was performed by induction heating at 400 ºC, 500
ºC 600 ºC, 700 ºC and 800 ºC with holding time for 15 s and cooled in air. Further testing of impact,
hardness and microstructure to determine the effect of PWHT conducted. From result of impact test and
hardness known that higher temperature PWHT hence higher also value of toughness and decreasing of
hardness. And from observation of micro structure of PWHT weld metal region resulted in increasing
number of acicular ferrite structure and decreasing number of widmanstatten ferrite structure..

Key words : Hardness, Induction Heating, Microstructure, PWHT, Toughness

1. INTRODUCTION
Piping is one of the most practical and affordable methods that has been used in oil and gas transportation systems
since 1950. Pipes have been used as one of the most practical and inexpensive methods for oil and gas transportation.
Pipeline installations for oil and gas transmission have increased rapidly in the last three levels [1]. One that must be
considered in the process of making pipes is the process of connecting the pipes. Pipe joint itself is carried out by the
welding process. One of the welding methods that are often used in pipe joints is metal arc shield (SMAW) welding. The
SMAW method is more widely used today because it is more practical, easier to operate, can be used for all kinds of
welding and is more efficient. Filling produces a heating effect with temperature which causes an increase in thermal
loading during shrinkage. This event causes the stress transfer and challenges that occur in areas of heat or heat affected
zone (HAZ) [2]. There are two ways to free up the remaining stress, mechanical and thermal method. Of the two methods,
the most widely used is the thermal method with the post heat treatment (PWHT) process.

JTM (S-1) – Vol. x, No. x, bulan xxxx:x-x 1