Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 15
LOW LOW RANK RANK COAL COAL BUSINESS BUSINESS OPPORTUNITY OPPORTUNITY IN IN INDONESIA INDONESIA Dr.
LOW LOW RANK RANK COAL COAL BUSINESS BUSINESS OPPORTUNITY OPPORTUNITY IN IN INDONESIA INDONESIA Dr.

LOWLOW RANKRANK COALCOAL BUSINESSBUSINESS OPPORTUNITYOPPORTUNITY ININ INDONESIAINDONESIA

Dr. Simon F. Sembiring Director General of Mineral Coal and Geothermal

Asia Pacific Symposium on Lower Rank Coal Bandung, September 6 – 7, 2006

on Lower Rank Coal Bandung, September 6 – 7, 2006 DirectorateDirectorate GeneralGeneral ofof MineralMineral
on Lower Rank Coal Bandung, September 6 – 7, 2006 DirectorateDirectorate GeneralGeneral ofof MineralMineral

DirectorateDirectorate GeneralGeneral ofof MineralMineral CoalCoal andand GeothermalGeothermal DepartmentDepartment EnergyEnergy andand MineralMineral ResourcesResources

CoalCoal andand GeothermalGeothermal DepartmentDepartment EnergyEnergy andand MineralMineral ResourcesResources
CoalCoal andand GeothermalGeothermal DepartmentDepartment EnergyEnergy andand MineralMineral ResourcesResources

Indonesia Oil Situation

Million barrel 1200 Consumption 6% /year 1000 800 Consumption 3% /year Production Realization 600 Realistic
Million barrel
1200
Consumption
6% /year
1000
800
Consumption
3% /year
Production Realization
600
Realistic
Production
400
Pessimistic Production
200
0
1980
1985
1990
1995
2000
2005
2010
2015
2020
Pessimistic Production
Realistic Production
High Consumption
Exact Consumption

We need alternative energy !

Toward Energy Mix 2025

20052005 Natural Gas 29% New Energy 4% Coal 15%
20052005
Natural Gas
29%
New Energy
4%
Coal
15%

Coal Liquefaction

2%

Gas 29% New Energy 4% Coal 15% Coal Liquefaction 2% Oil 52% Geothermal 5% 2025 2025
Gas 29% New Energy 4% Coal 15% Coal Liquefaction 2% Oil 52% Geothermal 5% 2025 2025

Oil

52%

Geothermal

5%

20252025

Coal 15% Coal Liquefaction 2% Oil 52% Geothermal 5% 2025 2025 Oil 20% Biofuel 5% New

Oil

20%

Biofuel

5%

Coal 15% Coal Liquefaction 2% Oil 52% Geothermal 5% 2025 2025 Oil 20% Biofuel 5% New
Coal 15% Coal Liquefaction 2% Oil 52% Geothermal 5% 2025 2025 Oil 20% Biofuel 5% New
Coal 15% Coal Liquefaction 2% Oil 52% Geothermal 5% 2025 2025 Oil 20% Biofuel 5% New
Coal 15% Coal Liquefaction 2% Oil 52% Geothermal 5% 2025 2025 Oil 20% Biofuel 5% New
Coal 15% Coal Liquefaction 2% Oil 52% Geothermal 5% 2025 2025 Oil 20% Biofuel 5% New

New Energy

Natural Gas i

Coal 15% Coal Liquefaction 2% Oil 52% Geothermal 5% 2025 2025 Oil 20% Biofuel 5% New

30%

5%

Coal 15% Coal Liquefaction 2% Oil 52% Geothermal 5% 2025 2025 Oil 20% Biofuel 5% New
Coal 15% Coal Liquefaction 2% Oil 52% Geothermal 5% 2025 2025 Oil 20% Biofuel 5% New
Coal 15% Coal Liquefaction 2% Oil 52% Geothermal 5% 2025 2025 Oil 20% Biofuel 5% New
Coal 15% Coal Liquefaction 2% Oil 52% Geothermal 5% 2025 2025 Oil 20% Biofuel 5% New
Coal 15% Coal Liquefaction 2% Oil 52% Geothermal 5% 2025 2025 Oil 20% Biofuel 5% New
Coal 15% Coal Liquefaction 2% Oil 52% Geothermal 5% 2025 2025 Oil 20% Biofuel 5% New
Coal 15% Coal Liquefaction 2% Oil 52% Geothermal 5% 2025 2025 Oil 20% Biofuel 5% New
Coal 15% Coal Liquefaction 2% Oil 52% Geothermal 5% 2025 2025 Oil 20% Biofuel 5% New
Coal 15% Coal Liquefaction 2% Oil 52% Geothermal 5% 2025 2025 Oil 20% Biofuel 5% New

Coal

33%

Source: CentreCentre ofof GeoGeo ResourcesResources, 31 December 2005

CoalCoal ResourcesResources andand ReservesReserves

1,58%

7,58%

40,13%

4,07%

28,37%

and and Reserves Reserves 1,58% 7,58% 40,13% 4,07% 28,37% 17,7% : Resources Reserves : 61.3 billion
and and Reserves Reserves 1,58% 7,58% 40,13% 4,07% 28,37% 17,7% : Resources Reserves : 61.3 billion

17,7%

and and Reserves Reserves 1,58% 7,58% 40,13% 4,07% 28,37% 17,7% : Resources Reserves : 61.3 billion
:
:

Resources

Reserves

: 61.3 billion ton

6.7 billion ton

Indonesia “Energy Mix” and Condition Toward 2025

• Presidential Degree on National Energy Policy endorsed recently, 25 January 2006

• Reduce oil share from 55% (2005) to less than 20% in

2025

• Increase in 2025 in the use of :

– Coal from 15.7% to more than 33%

– Liquefied Coal to more than 2%

– Natural gas from 23% to more than 30%

– Geothermal from 1.9% to more than 5%

– Biofuel to more than 5%

– Other New and Renewable Energy from 0.5% to more than 5%

• Reduce energy consumption intensity by 1% annually

• Improve energy infrastructure condition

REGULATIONREGULATION ONON NATIONALNATIONAL COALCOAL DEVELOPMENTDEVELOPMENT

DecreeDecree ofof MinisterMinister No.1128No.1128 K/40/MEM/2004K/40/MEM/2004 regardingregarding NationalNational CoalCoal PolicyPolicy dateddated 2323 JuneJune

20042004

PresidentPresident RegulationRegulation NoNo 55 YearYear 20062006 regardingregarding NationalNational EnergyEnergy PolicyPolicy InstructionInstruction ofof PresidentPresident No.2No.2 YearYear 20062006 regardingregarding CoalCoal LiquefactionLiquefaction PreparationPreparation ofof LawLaw onon MineralMineral andand CoalCoal (under(under discussiondiscussion withwith Parliament)Parliament)

ofof LawLaw onon MineralMineral andand CoalCoal (under(under discussiondiscussion withwith Parliament)Parliament)
ofof LawLaw onon MineralMineral andand CoalCoal (under(under discussiondiscussion withwith Parliament)Parliament)
ofof LawLaw onon MineralMineral andand CoalCoal (under(under discussiondiscussion withwith Parliament)Parliament)
ofof LawLaw onon MineralMineral andand CoalCoal (under(under discussiondiscussion withwith Parliament)Parliament)

Indonesian Coal Program

ConvertConvert thethe dieseldiesel--firedfired powerpower plants,plants, whicwhichh havehave 7,7537,753 megawattsmegawatts (MW)(MW) capacity,capacity, intointo coalcoal--firedfired plantsplants andand buildbuild 10,00010,000 MWMW--capacitycapacity newnew coalcoal--firedfired plantsplants inin yearyear 2010,2010, ttotalotal demanddemand ofof LowLow RankRank CoalCoal forfor developmentdevelopment ofof powerpower plantsplants isis 53.259.00053.259.000 Ton,Ton, calorificcalorific valuevalue betweenbetween 43004300 –– 50005000 kCalkCal/kg/kg forfor 17.75317.753 MWMW elelectricity.ectricity. TheThe totaltotal demanddemand ofof coalcoal forfor electricity,electricity, inin yearyear 20152015 willwill bebe 9090 millionmillion tonstons andand inin 20252025 itit willwill reachreach 200200 millionmillion tons.tons.

UtilizationUtilization ofof LowLow RankRank CoalCoal ::

MineMine mouthmouth plantplant CoalCoal LiquefactionLiquefaction CoalCoal GassificationGassification UpUp GradeGrade BrownBrown CoalCoal (UBC)(UBC) CoalCoal BedBed MethaneMethane EtcEtc

CoalCoal briquettebriquette forfor smallsmall andand middlemiddle industriesindustries

DevelopmentDevelopment ofof IntegratedIntegrated CoalCoal TransportationTransportation SystemSystem toto linklink betweenbetween coalcoal minesmines andand terminals,terminals, whichwhich areare locatedlocated inin thethe southsouthernern partpart ofof Sumatra,Sumatra, andand thethe wholewhole areaarea ofof Kalimantan.Kalimantan.

BASED ON CALORIFIC VALUE (Cal/gram, adb) [Government Regulation No. 13, Year 2000 and No. 45/

BASED ON CALORIFIC VALUE (Cal/gram, adb) [Government Regulation No. 13, Year 2000 and No. 45/ 2004]

Low Calorie Medium Calorie

High Calorie Very High Calorie

:

:

:

:

Calorie Medium Calorie High Calorie Very High Calorie : : : : < 5100 5100 –

< 5100 5100 – 6100 6100 - 7100 > 7100

Calorie Medium Calorie High Calorie Very High Calorie : : : : < 5100 5100 –
Calorie Medium Calorie High Calorie Very High Calorie : : : : < 5100 5100 –

11

CoalCoal ProductionProduction GrowthGrowth

20052005--20252025 318 283 257 214 216 177 150 169 148 124 115 106 109 106
20052005--20252025
318
283
257
214
216
177
150 169
148
124 115
106
109
106
101
104
41 46
350 300 250 200 Domestic Export 150 Production 100 50 0 2005 2006 2010 2015
350
300
250
200
Domestic
Export
150
Production
100
50
0
2005
2006
2010
2015
2020
2025

Note:

100 50 0 2005 2006 2010 2015 2020 2025 Note: • •• •• 2009 – 2010:

••

••

2009 – 2010: PLN need SubSub bituminousbituminous CoalCoal ±± 3030 millionsmillions (Existing(Existing Plant)Plant) andand LignitLignit/Low/Low RankRank CoalCoal (LRC)(LRC) ±± 5959 millionsmillions (Acceleration(Acceleration Project).Project). ForFor Electricity,Electricity, 20152015 –– 20252025 growthgrowth (2(2--5)%5)% perper year.year. DomesticDomestic use,use, 20102010 –– 20252025 growthgrowth 33--5%5% perper yearyear

--5)%5)% perper year.year. DomesticDomestic use,use, 20102010 –– 20252025 growthgrowth 33-- 5%5% perper yearyear
--5)%5)% perper year.year. DomesticDomestic use,use, 20102010 –– 20252025 growthgrowth 33-- 5%5% perper yearyear
--5)%5)% perper year.year. DomesticDomestic use,use, 20102010 –– 20252025 growthgrowth 33-- 5%5% perper yearyear
--5)%5)% perper year.year. DomesticDomestic use,use, 20102010 –– 20252025 growthgrowth 33-- 5%5% perper yearyear

COALCOAL DOMESTICDOMESTIC CONSUMPTIONCONSUMPTION 20052005--20252025

20052005

20102010

20152015

20202020

20252025

Juta ton

1.1. ElectricityElectricity

2.2. CementCement

3.3. MetalurgyMetalurgy industryindustry andand PulpPulp PaperPaper

4.4. SmallSmall IndustriesIndustries

5.5.

6.6.

UBCUBC

LiquefactionLiquefaction

31.031.0

6.56.5

1.51.5

1.01.0

--

--

85.085.0

93.093.0

103103

113.0113.0

1010

1111

1313

1717

7.07.0

10.010.0

11.011.0

12.012.0

5.05.0

7.07.0

9.09.0

10.010.0

5.05.0

10.010.0

20.020.0

30.030.0

3.03.0

6.06.0

11.011.0

2222

30.0 30.0 3.0 3.0 6.0 6.0 11.0 11.0 22 22 177177 214214 T o t a
177177 214214
177177
214214

TotalTotal

40.040.0

115115

148148

214214 T o t a l T o t a l 40.040.0 115115 148148 *) **)
214214 T o t a l T o t a l 40.040.0 115115 148148 *) **)

*)

**) Setelah 2010 pertumbuhan rata-rata 12 % (Kompilasi data KBN dan Assosiasi Semen Indonesia, 2005)

Setelah 2010 pertumbuhan 2 % (Kompilasi data KBN dan PLN, 2006)

Source: CentreCentre ofof GeoGeo ResourcesResources, 31 December 2005

4.,121.684.,121.68 Mil.Mil. TonsTons
4.,121.684.,121.68 Mil.Mil.
TonsTons

LowLow RankRank CoalCoal inin KalimantanKalimantan

ArutminArutmin (Mulia,(Mulia, Asam2,Asam2, SaronggaSarongga)) AdaroAdaro KidekoKideko JayaJaya AgungAgung MeruwaiMeruwai CoalCoal MantiminMantimin CoalCoal DelmaDelma MiningMining CorpCorp BaraBara PramuliaPramulia AbadiAbadi MultiMulti TambangTambang JayaJaya Etc.Etc. TotalTotal ResourcesResources ofof

PramuliaPramulia AbadiAbadi MultiMulti TambangTambang JayaJaya Etc.Etc. TotalTotal ResourcesResources ofof 20

20

Source: Centre Centre of of Geo Geo Resources Resources , 31 December 2005 LOW RANK
Source: Centre Centre of of Geo Geo Resources Resources , 31 December 2005 LOW RANK

Source: CentreCentre ofof GeoGeo ResourcesResources, 31 December 2005

LOW RANK COAL IN SUMATRA

PT. BA (Arahan, Banko, Muara Tiga Besar, Suban Jerji, Banjarsari) Pendopo Energy Batubara Mifa Bersaudara Astaka Dodol Benakat Energy Hulubalang Inti Bumi Trimatra Coal Perkasa Etc.

Benakat Energy • Hulubalang Inti Bumi • Trimatra Coal Perkasa • Etc. • Total Resources of
• Total Resources of 9,103.86 Mil Tons
• Total Resources of
9,103.86 Mil Tons

21

Policies Several policies that encourage the program are as follows : Special incentive for investors

Policies

Several policies that encourage the program are as follows :

Special incentive for investors using low rank coal;

Encouragement of infrastructure development in the regions that produce low rank coal;

Simplify process of coal mining permit for low rank coal.

development in the regions that produce low rank coal; Simplify process of coal mining permit for
development in the regions that produce low rank coal; Simplify process of coal mining permit for
development in the regions that produce low rank coal; Simplify process of coal mining permit for
development in the regions that produce low rank coal; Simplify process of coal mining permit for
Closing Closing Remark Remark IncentiveIncentive forfor lowlow -- rankrank coalcoal mustmust bebe mademade clearclear

ClosingClosing RemarkRemark

IncentiveIncentive forfor lowlow--rankrank coalcoal mustmust bebe mademade clearclear toto havehave certainty,certainty, becausebecause inin thethe future,future, thethe consumptionconsumption ofof lowlow rankrank coalcoal willwill increasedincreased tremendously.tremendously.

InIn general,general, therethere isis nono problemproblem aboutabout thethe coalcoal supplysupply forfor thethe energyenergy mix,mix, thethe greatergreater demanddemand cancan actuallyactually bebe fulfilledfulfilled fromfrom nationalnational productionproduction andand existingexisting coalcoal resources.resources.

ForFor thethe timetime beingbeing IndonesiaIndonesia stillstill needneed bigbig investmentinvestment toto developdevelop thethe potencypotency onon lowlow--rankrank CoalCoal andand encouragesencourages allall privateprivate investmentinvestment

on on low low - - rank rank Coal Coal and and encourages encourages all all
on on low low - - rank rank Coal Coal and and encourages encourages all all
on on low low - - rank rank Coal Coal and and encourages encourages all all
on on low low - - rank rank Coal Coal and and encourages encourages all all