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F 2324 – 03

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Designation: F 2324 – 03

Prerinse Spray Valves1

This standard is issued under the fixed designation F 2324; the number immediately following the designation indicates the year of

original adoption or, in the case of revision, the year of last revision. A number in parentheses indicates the year of last reapproval. A

superscript epsilon (e) indicates an editorial change since the last revision or reapproval.

1.1 This test method covers the water consumption flow rate 3.2.1 gpm—gallons per minute.

and cleanability of prerinse spray valves (here after referred to 4. Summary of Test Method

as spray valves). The food service operator can use this

evaluation to select a spray valve and understand its water 4.1 The flow rate of the spray valve is determined at the

consumption and cleaning effectiveness. manufacturer’s specified water pressure to verify that the spray

1.2 The following procedures are included in this test valve is operating at the manufacturer’s rated flow rate. If the

method: measured rate is not within 5 % of the rated flow rate, all

1.2.1 Water consumption (see 10.2). further testing ceases and the manufacturer is contacted. The

1.2.2 Cleanability (see 10.3). manufacturer may make appropriate changes or adjustments to

1.3 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded the spray valve.

as standard. The SI units given in parentheses are for informa- 4.2 The spray valve’s water flow rate is measured at 60 6 1

tion only. psi (2.9 6 0.5 kPa) settings at a temperature of 120 6 4°F (49

1.4 This test method may involve hazardous materials, 6 2°C).

operations, and equipment. It does not address all of the 4.3 The spray valve’s cleanability (effectiveness) is deter-

potential safety problems associated with its use. It is the mined at 60 6 1 psi (2.9 6 0.5 kPa), with a water temperature

responsibility of the users of this test method to establish of 120 6 4°F (49 6 2°C).

appropriate safety and health practices and determine the 5. Significance and Use

applicability of regulatory limitations prior to its use.

5.1 The flow rate test is used to confirm that the spray valve

2. Referenced Documents is operating at the manufacturer’s rated flow rate at the

2.1 NSF Documents: specified water pressure. This test would also assist the

NSF Listings Food Equipment and Related Products, Com- operator in controlling the water and sewer consumption and

ponents and Materials, NSF International2 reduce the water heating bills.

5.2 The cleanability test is used to verify the spray valve’s

3. Terminology effectiveness at cleaning the plates before they are sent into the

3.1 Definitions: dishwashing machine.

3.1.1 cleanability—the effectiveness of the prerinse spray 6. Apparatus

valve to remove soil from the plate before it is placed in a

dishwashing machine. 6.1 Analytical Balance Scale, or equivalent, for measuring

3.1.2 test method—a definitive procedure for the identifica- the weight of the plates and water container. It shall have a

tion, measurement, and evaluation of one or more qualities, resolution of 0.01 lb (5 g) and an uncertainty of 0.01 lb (5 g).

characteristics, or properties of a material, product, system, or 6.2 Calibrated Exposed Junction Thermocouple Probes,

service that produces a test result. with a range from 50 to 200°F (10 to 93°C), with a resolution

3.1.3 uncertainty—measure of systematic and precision er- of 0.2°F (0.1°C) and an uncertainty of 1.0°F (0.5°C), for

rors in specified instrumentation or measure of repeatability of measuring water line temperatures. Calibrated K-type 24-GA

a reported test result. thermocouple wire with stainless steel sheath and ceramic

insulation is the recommended choice for measuring the water

line temperatures. The thermocouple probe can be fed through

1

This test method is under the jurisdiction of ASTM Committee F26 on Food a compression fitting so as to submerse exposed junction in the

Service Equipment and is the direct responsibility of Subcommittee F26.06 on water lines.

Productivity and Energy Protocol.

Current edition approved Sept. 10, 2003. Published October 2003.

2

Available from NSF International, P.O. Box 130140, 789 N. Dixboro Rd., Ann

Arbor, MI 48113-0140.

Copyright © ASTM International, 100 Barr Harbor Drive, PO Box C700, West Conshohocken, PA 19428-2959, United States.

1

F 2324 – 03

6.3 Carboy, or equivalent container, for measuring for 7.3 Tomato Sauce, shall be comprised of tomato paste and

weight of the water during the flow rate test. A 5-gal (19-L) water. Mix 6 oz (175 mL) tomato paste (see 7.1) with 10 oz

carboy water bottle has been found to be suitable (the carboy (295 mL) of 75 6 5°F (24 6 3°C) water to form the tomato

is the standard water bottle that is used for water coolers). sauce. Stir until mixture becomes consistent.

NOTE 1—The 5-gal (19-L) carboy container is the preferred container. NOTE 2—Testing at the Food Service Technology Center has found that

With a narrow opening, the carboy captures all the water during the test at a generic store brand such as “Safewayt” brand or “Albertson’st” brand

higher water pressure which can result in excess splashing. tomato paste is the preferred test product. National brands tend to have

excess tomato skins in the tomato paste, which makes repeatability

6.4 Hot Water Temperature Control Valve, to maintain and

difficult. Shown in Fig. 2 are the two types of tomato paste. The “generic”

limit mixed hot water to the spray valve during testing. It shall store brand is on the left, and the “national” brand on the right. The dark

have a double throttling design to control both the hot and cold spots in the photo on the right (nationals brand) are the tomato skin flecks,

water supply to the mixed outlet. The flow characteristics of the which are more difficult to remove.

valve shall have a resolution temperature control of 64°F 7.4 Plates, shall be 9-in. (229-mm), white ceramic glazed,

(62°C) combined with low pressure drop check valves in both with an inside flat diameter of 7-in. (178-mm), weighing an

the hot and cold water inlets to protect against cross flow. average of 1.3 6 0.05 lb (590 6 23 g) each. Sixty plates are

6.5 Measuring Spoons, used to portion out one level table- required.

spoon of tomato sauce on each plate for the cleanability test. 7.5 Dishracks, to hold the plates with the dried tomato sauce

6.6 Pressure Gage, for measuring pressure of water to the for the cleanability test and in the preparation of the plates to

spray valve. The gage shall have a resolution of 0.5 psig (3.4 dry the tomato sauce so that the plates can be dried vertically,

kPa) and a maximum uncertainty of 1 % of the measured value. or acceptable equivalent. Four Metro Mdl P2MO, 20 by 20-in.

6.7 Spring-Style Pre-Rinse Unit, Deck-Mounted, with a (508 by 508-mm), peg-type, commercial dishracks, each

36-in. (915-mm) flex hose which will have the testing sample weighing 4.6 6 0.1 lb (2.09 6 0.04 kg).3

spray valve attach at the end of the flex hose. See Fig. 1.

6.8 Stopwatch, with a 0.1-s resolution. 8. Sampling

6.9 Temperature Sensor, for measuring water temperature in 8.1 Prerinse Spray Valve—A representative production

the range from 50 to 200°F (10 to 93°C), with a resolution of model shall be selected for performance testing.

0.5°F (0.3°C) and an uncertainty of 61°F (0.5°C).

9. Preparation of Apparatus

7. Reagents and Materials

9.1 Attach the spray valve to a 36-in., spring-style (flex

7.1 Tomato Paste, shall be 100 % pure and shall have a tubing) prerinse unit in accordance with the manufacturer’s

moisture content of 70 6 2.5 %. Stabilize paste at room instructions. The minimum flow rate of the flex tubing, with no

temperature (75 6 5°F (24 6 3°C)). spray valve connected, shall be 7 gpm (26 L/min) at a pressure

7.2 Gravimetric moisture analysis shall be performed as of 60 6 2 psi (2.9 6 0.5 kPa).

follows: To determine moisture content, place a 1-lb sample of

NOTE 3—Specifying a minimum flow rate for the flex tubing ensures

the test food on a dry, aluminum sheet pan and place the pan in

that the prerinse spray nozzle is performing to the manufacturer’s

a convection drying oven at a temperature of 220 6 5°F for a specifications and prevents the flex tubing from dictating the flow rate of

period of 24 h. Weigh the sample before it is placed in the oven the prerinse valve.

and after it is removed and determine the percent moisture

9.2 Insulate the entire length of the water pipe from the

content based on the percent weight loss of the sample. The

mixing valve to the inlet of the flex tubing with one-half inch

sample must be spread evenly over the surface of the sheet pan

foam insulation. The insulation material shall have a thermal

in order for all of the moisture to evaporate during drying and

resistance (R) value of not less than 4°F 3 ft2 3 h/Btu (0.7°K

it is permissible to spread the sample on top of baking paper in

3 m2/W).

order to protect the sheet pan and simplify cleanup.

9.3 Connect the mixing valve to the municipal water supply

and set the mixing valve to maintain an outlet water tempera-

ture of 120 6 4°F (49 6 2°C). The mixing valve shall be

located within six feet of the inlet of the flex tubing.

9.4 Install a water line pressure regulator down stream of

the mixing valve. Install a pressure gage at the base of the flex

tubing. Adjust the pressure regulator so that the water line

pressure to the prerinse valve can be maintained at 60 6 2 psi

(2.9 6 0.5 kPa) when the water is flowing to the spray valve,

as the lever is fully pressed.

9.5 Install a temperature sensor in the water line down

stream from the mixing valve. The sensors should be installed

with the probe immersed in the water. See Fig. 3 for a

3

Inter-Americant mdl #132 is within the specified weight range and is

FIG. 1 Illustration of Spring-Style, Deck-Mounted Prerinse Unit inexpensive.

2

F 2324 – 03

FIG. 2 Generic Brand on the Left and the National Brand on the Right

schematic of the setup for the water supply, mixing valve, 10.1.1.4 Water flow rate.

pressure regulator, and gage that are used for testing the spray 10.2 Prerinse Spray Valve Flow Rate Test:

valves. 10.2.1 This procedure is comprised of a minimum of three

NOTE 4—Install the thermocouple probes described in 9.5 into water separate test runs at the specified water temperature and

outlets for the prerinse. The thermocouple probe must be installed so that pressure. The reported values of the flow rate test shall be the

the thermocouple probe is immersed in the incoming water. A compres- average of the three test runs.

sion fitting should be first installed into the plumbing inlets. A junction 10.2.2 Ensure water is supplied at 60 6 2 psi (2.9 6 0.5

fitting may need to be installed in the plumbing line that would be

kPa) and 120 6 4°F (49 6 2°C).

compatible with the compression fitting.

10.2.3 Weigh and record the weight of the carboy prior to

10. Procedure testing (or equivalent 5-gal (19-L) container).

10.1 General: 10.2.4 Hold the spray valve over the opening of the carboy

10.1.1 The following shall be obtained and recorded for container. Squeeze the spray valve handle to allow maximum

each run of every test: flow and begin recording the time elapsed. At the end of one

10.1.1.1 Water temperature, minute, record the weight of the water and container and

10.1.1.2 Water pressure, subtract the weight of the container.

10.1.1.3 Time, and 10.2.5 Repeat 10.2.2-10.2.4 for the remaining test runs.

3

F 2324 – 03

10.3 Preparation of the Plates for the Cleanability Test:

10.3.1 Prepare 60 plates with one leveled tablespoon of

tomato sauce on each plate.

10.3.2 The plates are to be dry and stabilized at a room

temperature of 75 6 5°F (24 6 3°C) before the tomato sauce

is portioned onto the plate.

10.3.3 Apply one level tablespoon (15 mL) of tomato sauce

as described in 7.3 to a plate, and evenly distribute the tomato

sauce around the plate by shaking and turning the plate. Portion

out the tomato sauce one plate at a time. Make sure that the

tomato sauce is not distributed onto the rim/lip of the plate. In

addition, do not use a spoon or other utensil to spread the

tomato sauce, as this will leave ridges in the sauce on the plate,

altering test times. Using a utensil will also pickup some of the

sauce and make the amount of sauce on each plate different.

FIG. 5 A Rack of Plates Drying

See Fig. 4 for an illustration of the preparation of the plates.

10.3.4 Place the plates with the tomato sauce in a dish rack

10.4.5 Begin spraying the plate as time is recorded on the

to let the tomato sauce dry on the plates at room temperature

stopwatch. The plate is to be sprayed in a side to side motion

(75 6 5°F (24 6 3°C)). See Fig. 5.

from the top to the bottom of the plate. Repeat this spray

NOTE 5—This can be accomplished by storing the dish loads in a room pattern until all the tomato sauce has been rinsed from the

with an ambient temperature of 75 6 5°F (24 6 3°C). Avoid any plate. Record the amount of time required to clear the plate.

circumstances that would result in some dishes being at different tempera- Fig. 7 demonstrates a cleanability test.

tures from others, such as being stored in the air path of an HVAC supply

10.4.6 Repeat 10.4.5 for the 59 remaining test plates.

register.

10.3.5 Repeat 10.3.2-10.3.4 until all 20 plates are prepared. 11. Calculation and Report

Allow plates to dry for 24 h before testing. 11.1 Test Prerinse Spray Valve—Summarize the physical

10.4 Cleanability Performance Test: and operating characteristic of the prerinse spray valve.

10.4.1 This procedure shall be performed at the specified 11.2 Apparatus and Procedure—Confirm that the testing

water temperature and pressure. The reported values of the apparatus conformed to all of the specifications in Section 9.

cleanability procedure shall be the average of the sixty plates Describe any deviations from those specifications.

measured in seconds per plate (s/plate). 11.3 Flow Rate Test:

NOTE 6—The test can be divided into 3 groups of 20-plate racks if sixty 11.3.1 Calculate and report the nozzle flow rate based on:

plates are not available. Wwater

S D

Qnozzle 5 lb kg (1)

10.4.2 Ensure that the water supply is at 60 6 2 psi (2.9 6 8.337gal 1.000 L

0.5 kPa) and 120 6 4°F (49 6 2°C) with the nozzle operating

at maximum flow. where:

10.4.3 Place an empty dishrack under the prerinse valve in Qnozzle = nozzle flow rate, gpm (L/min), and

the sink. Wwater = weight of the water collected in 1 min, lb (kg).

10.4.4 Place a single plate with dried tomato sauce upright 11.3.2 Report the water temperature and water line pressure.

in the dishrack. The plate is to be placed in the dishrack at a 11.4 Cleanability (Effectiveness) Test:

distance from the tip of the spray valves to the top of the plate 11.4.1 Report the average cleaning time in seconds per

of 11 6 1 in. (279 6 25 mm) and 14 6 1 in. (356 6 25 mm) plate.

from the bottom of the plate. Mark the location of the plate in 11.4.2 Report the water temperature and water line pressure.

the dishrack, as this will be where all the testing plates will be

placed. Fig. 6 shows a drawing plate in the dishrack with the 12. Precision and Bias

cleaning distances. 12.1 Precision:

4

F 2324 – 03

equipment)—The repeatability of each reported parameter is

13.1 cleanability (effectiveness) dishrack; gallons per

being determined.

minute; prerinse spray valve; test method

12.1.2 Reproducibility (multiple laboratories)—The inter-

laboratory precision of the procedure in this test method for

measuring each reported parameter is being determined.

12.2 Bias—No statement can be made concerning the bias

of the procedures in this test method because there are no

accepted reference values for the parameters reported.

5

F 2324 – 03

ANNEX

(Mandatory Information)

NOTE A1.1—This procedure is based on the ASHRAE method for A1.4.1.2 The formula for the sample standard deviation

determining the confidence interval for the average of several test results (three test runs) is as follows:

(ASHRAE Guideline 2-1986(RA90)). It should only be applied to test

results that have been obtained within the tolerances prescribed in this S3 5 ~1/=2! 3 =~A3 – B3! (A1.2)

method (for example, thermocouples calibrated, appliance operating

within 5 % of rated input during the test run). where:

S3 = standard deviation of results for three test runs,

A1.1 For the flow rate test results, the uncertainty in the A3 = (X1)2+ (X2)2 + (X3)2, and

averages of at least three test runs is reported. For each test run, B3 = (1/3) 3 (X1+ X2 + X3)2.

the uncertainty of the flow rate test must be no greater than NOTE A1.3—The formulas may be used to calculate the average and

65 % before any of the parameters for that flow rate test run sample standard deviation. However, a calculator with statistical function

can be reported. is recommended, in which case be sure to use the sample standard

deviation function. The population standard deviation function will result

A1.2 The uncertainty in a reported result is a measure of its in an error in the uncertainty.

precision. If, for example, the gpm flow rate for the spray valve NOTE A1.4—The “A” quantity is the sum of the squares of each test

is 1.6 gpm at 60 psi, the uncertainty must not be greater than result, and the “B” quantity is the square of the sum of all test results

60.08 gpm. Thus, the true gpm flow rate is between 1.52 and multiplied by a constant (1⁄3 in this case).

1.68 gpm. Therefore, interval is determined at the 95 % A1.4.2 Step 2—Calculate the absolute uncertainty in the

confidence level, which means that there is only a 1 in 20 average for each parameter listed in Step 1. Multiply the

chance that the true gpm flow rate could be outside of this standard deviation calculated in Step 1 by the uncertainty

interval. factor corresponding to three test results from Table A1.1.

A1.4.2.1 The formula for the absolute uncertainty (three test

A1.3 Calculating the uncertainty not only guarantees the runs) is as follows:

maximum uncertainty in the reported results, but is also used to U 3 5 C3 3 S 3 (A1.3)

determine how many test runs are needed to satisfy this ,

requirement. The uncertainty is calculated from the standard U3 5 2.48 3 S3

deviation of three or more test results and a factor from Table

A1.1, which lists the number of test results used to calculate the where:

average. The percent uncertainty is the ratio of the uncertainty U3 = absolute uncertainty in average for three test runs, and

to the average expressed as a percent. C3 = uncertainty factor for three test runs (Table A1.1).

A1.4.3 Step 3—Calculate the percent uncertainty in each

A1.4 Procedure: parameter average using the averages from Step 1 and the

NOTE A1.2—Section A1.5 shows how to apply this procedure. absolute uncertainties from Step 2.

A1.4.3.1 The formula for the percent uncertainty (three test

A1.4.1 Step 1—Calculate the average and the standard

runs) is as follows:

deviation for the test results (gpm flow rate) using the results of

the first three test runs, as follows: %U3 5 ~U3/Xa3! 3 100 % (A1.4)

A1.4.1.1 The formula for the average (three test runs) is as

where:

follows: %U3 = percent uncertainty in average for three test runs,

Xa3 5 ~1/3! 3 ~X1 1 X2 1 X3! (A1.1) U3 = absolute uncertainty in average for three test runs,

and

where: Xa3 = average of three test runs.

Xa3 = average of results for three test runs, and A1.4.4 Step 4—If the percent uncertainty, %U3, is not

X1, X2, X3 = results for each test run.

greater than 610 % for the gpm flow rate, report the average

for these parameters along with their corresponding absolute

TABLE A1.1 Uncertainty Factors uncertainty, U3, in the following format:

Test Results, n Uncertainty Factor, Cn Xa3 6 U3

3 2.48 If the percent uncertainty is greater than 610 % for the gpm

4 1.59 flow rate, proceed to Step 5.

5 1.24

6 1.05 A1.4.5 Step 5—Run a fourth test for the gpm flow rate if the

7 0.92 percent uncertainty was greater than 610 %.

8 0.84 A1.4.6 Step 6—When a fourth test is run for a given gpm

9 0.77

10 0.72 flow rate, calculate the average and standard deviation for test

results using a calculator or the following formulas:

6

F 2324 – 03

A1.4.6.1 The formula for the average (four test runs) is as Xan = average of results of n test runs,

follows: and

Xa4 5 ~1/4! 3 ~X1 1 X2 1 X3 1 X4! (A1.5) X1, X2, X3, X4 ... Xn = results for each test run.

A1.4.10.2 The formula for the standard deviation (n test

where: runs) is as follows:

Xa4 = average of results for four test runs, and

X1, X2, X3, X4 = results for each test run. Sn 5 ~1/=~n 2 1!! 3 ~=An 2 Bn! (A1.10)

A1.4.6.2 The formula for the standard deviation (four test where:

runs) is as follows: Sn = standard deviation of results for n test runs,

S4 5 ~1/=3! 3 =~A4 2 B4! (A1.6) An = (X1)2+ (X2)2+ (X3)2+ (X4)2+ ... + (Xn)2, and

Bn = (1/n) 3 (X1+ X2+ X3+ X4+ ... + Xn)2.

where: A1.4.10.3 The formula for the absolute uncertainty (n test

S4 = standard deviation of results for four test runs, runs) is as follows:

A4 = (X1)2+ (X2)2 + (X3)2+ (X4)2, and U n 5 Cn 3 S n (A1.11)

B4 = (1⁄4) 3 (X1+ X2+ X3+ X4)2.

A1.4.7 Step 7—Calculate the absolute uncertainty in the where:

average for each parameter listed in Step 1. Multiply the Un = absolute uncertainty in average for n test runs, and

standard deviation calculated in Step 6 by the uncertainty Cn = uncertainty factor for n test runs (Table A1.1).

factor for four test results from Table A1.1. A1.4.10.4 The formula for the percent uncertainty (n test

A1.4.7.1 The formula for the absolute uncertainty (four test runs) is as follows:

runs) is as follows: %Un 5 ~Un/Xan! 3 100 % (A1.12)

U4 5 C4 3 S4 (A1.7)

where:

U4 5 1.59 3 S4 %Un = percent uncertainty in average for n test runs,

Un = absolute uncertainty in average for n test runs, and

where: Xan = average of n test runs.

U4 = absolute uncertainty in average for four test runs, and

A1.4.10.5 When the percent uncertainty, %Un, is less than

C4 = uncertainty factor for four test runs (Table A1.1).

or equal to 610 %, for the gpm flow rate, report the average for

A1.4.8 Step 8—Calculate the percent uncertainty in the these parameters along with their corresponding absolute

parameter averages using the averages from Step 6 and the uncertainty, Un, in the following format:

absolute uncertainties from Step 7.

Xan 6 Un

A1.4.8.1 The formula for the percent uncertainty (four test

runs) is as follows: NOTE A1.5—The researcher may compute a test result that deviates

significantly from the other test results. Such a result should be discarded

%U4 5 ~U4/Xa4! 3 100 % (A1.8) only if there is some physical evidence that the test run was not performed

according to the conditions specified in this method. For example, the

where: water psi was out of calibration, the water temperature was not in the

%U4 = percent uncertainty in average for four test runs, accepted range, or the plates with the dried tomato sauce had not dry long

U4 = absolute uncertainty in average for four test runs, enough. To ensure all results are obtained under approximately the same

and conditions, it is good practice to monitor those test conditions specified in

Xa4 = average of four test runs. this method.

A1.4.9 Step 9—If the percent uncertainty, %U4, is not

greater than 610 % for the gpm flow rate, report the average A1.5 Example of Determining Uncertainty in Average Test

for these parameters along with their corresponding absolute Result:

uncertainty, U4, in the following format: A1.5.1 Three test runs for the gpm flow rate yielded the

Xa4 6 U4 following results:

Test gpm

If the percent uncertainty is greater than 610 % for the gpm Run #1 1.16

flow rate test, proceed to Step 10. Run #2 1.45

Run #3 1.02

A1.4.10 Step 10—The steps required for five or more test

runs are the same as those previously described. More general A1.5.2 Step 1—Calculate the average and standard devia-

formulas are listed as follows for calculating the average, tion of the three test results for the gpm flow rate test.

standard deviation, absolute uncertainty, and percent uncer- A1.5.2.1 The average of the three test results is as follows:

tainty. Xa3 5 ~1/3! 3 ~X1 1 X2 1 X3! (A1.13)

A1.4.10.1 The formula for the average (n test runs) is as Xa3 5 ~1/3! 3 ~1.16 1 1.45 1 1.02!

follows:

Xa3 5 1.21 gpm

Xan 5 ~1/n! 3 ~X1 1 X2 1 X3 1 X4 1 ... 1 Xn! (A1.9)

A1.5.2.2 The standard deviation of the three test results is as

where: follows. First calculate “A3” and “B3”:

n = number of test runs,

A3 5 ~X1!2 1 ~X2!2 1 ~X3!2 (A1.14)

7

F 2324 – 03

A3 5 ~1.16!2 1 ~1.45!2 1 ~1.02!2 A4 5 ~1.16!2 1 ~1.45!2 1 ~1.02!2 1 ~1.16!2

A3 5 4.48 A4 5 5.83

2

B3 5 ~1/3! 3 @~X1 1 X2 1 X3! # B4 5 ~1/4! 3 @~X1 1 X2 1 X3 1 X4!2#

2

B3 5 ~1/3! 3 @~1.16 1 1.45 1 1.02! # B4 5 ~1/4! 3 @~1.16 1 1.45 1 1.02 1 1.16!2#

B3 5 4.39 B4 5 5.73

A1.5.2.3 The new standard deviation for the gpm flow rate A1.5.6.3 The new standard deviation for the CR is as

is as follows: follows:

S3 5 ~1/=2! 3 =~4.48 2 4.39! (A1.15) S4 5 ~1/=3! 3 =~7.83 2 7.73! (A1.20)

S3 5 0.0636 gpm S4 5 0.1

A1.5.3 Step 2—Calculate the uncertainty in average. A1.5.7 Step 5—Recalculate the absolute uncertainty using

U3 5 2.48 3 S3 (A1.16) the new standard deviation and uncertainty factor.

U3 5 2.48 3 0.0636 U4 5 1.59 3 S4 (A1.21)

U3 5 0.15 gpm U4 5 1.59 3 0.1

A1.5.4 Step 3—Calculate percent uncertainty. U4 5 0.11

%U3 5 ~U3/Xa3! 3 100 % (A1.17) A1.5.8 Step 6—Recalculate the percent uncertainty using

%U3 5 ~0.15/1.23! 3 100 % the new average.

%U3 5 12.8 % %U4 5 ~U4/Xa4! 3 100 % (A1.22)

A1.5.5 Run a fourth test. Since the percent uncertainty for %U4 5 ~0.11/1.26! 3 100 %

the gpm flow rate test is greater than 610 %, the precision %U4 5 8.7 %

requirement has not been satisfied. An additional test is run in

an attempt to reduce the uncertainty. The result from the fourth A1.5.9 Step 7—Since the percent uncertainty, %U4, is less

test run was 1.16 gpm. than 610 %; the average for the gpm flow rate is reported

A1.5.6 Step 4—Recalculate the average and standard devia- along with its corresponding absolute uncertainty, U4, as

tion for the CR using the fourth test result: follows:

A1.5.6.1 The new average gpm flow rate test is as follows: gpm: 1.19 6 0.11 gpm (A1.23)

Xa4 5 ~1/4! 3 ~X1 1 X2 1 X3 1 X4! (A1.18) A1.5.9.1 The gpm flow rate can be reported assuming the

Xa4 5 ~1/4! 3 ~1.16 1 1.45 1 1.02 1 1.16! 610 % precision requirement has been met for the correspond-

Xa4 5 1.19 gpm ing gpm flow rate value. The cleanability procedure and its

absolute uncertainty can be calculated following the same

A1.5.6.2 The new standard deviation is as follows. First procedure as the gpm absolute uncertainty. Since the cleanabil-

calculate “A4” and “B4”: ity procedure has six runs per test, average the runs in each test

A4 5 ~X1!2 1 ~X2!2 1 ~X3!2 1 ~X4!2 (A1.19) for the absolute uncertainty.

8

F 2324 – 03

APPENDIX

(Nonmandatory Information)

Manufacturer

Manufacturers rated flow rate, gpm (L/min)

Spray pattern (for example, blade or circular)

Carboy weight, lb (kg)

Tomato paste brand

Date

Test reference number (optional)

Test Water Weight, lb (kg) Flow Rate, gpm (L/min)

Test # 1

Test # 2

Test # 3

Spray Nozzle Cleanability Test

Plate Time (s) Plate Time, s Plate Time, s

Plate #1 Plate #21 Plate #41

Plate #2 Plate #22 Plate #42

Plate #3 Plate #23 Plate #43

Plate #4 Plate #24 Plate #44

Plate #5 Plate #25 Plate #45

Plate #6 Plate #26 Plate #46

Plate #7 Plate #27 Plate #47

Plate #8 Plate #28 Plate #48

Plate #9 Plate #29 Plate #49

Plate #10 Plate #30 Plate #50

Plate #11 Plate #31 Plate #51

Plate #12 Plate #32 Plate #52

Plate #13 Plate #33 Plate #53

Plate #14 Plate #34 Plate #54

Plate #15 Plate #35 Plate #55

Plate #16 Plate #36 Plate #56

Plate #17 Plate #37 Plate #57

Plate #18 Plate #38 Plate #58

Plate #19 Plate #39 Plate #59

Plate #20 Plate #40 Plate #60

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