Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 9

An American National Standard

Designation: F 2324 – 03

Standard Test Method for


Prerinse Spray Valves1
This standard is issued under the fixed designation F 2324; the number immediately following the designation indicates the year of
original adoption or, in the case of revision, the year of last revision. A number in parentheses indicates the year of last reapproval. A
superscript epsilon (e) indicates an editorial change since the last revision or reapproval.

1. Scope 3.2 Abbreviations:


1.1 This test method covers the water consumption flow rate 3.2.1 gpm—gallons per minute.
and cleanability of prerinse spray valves (here after referred to 4. Summary of Test Method
as spray valves). The food service operator can use this
evaluation to select a spray valve and understand its water 4.1 The flow rate of the spray valve is determined at the
consumption and cleaning effectiveness. manufacturer’s specified water pressure to verify that the spray
1.2 The following procedures are included in this test valve is operating at the manufacturer’s rated flow rate. If the
method: measured rate is not within 5 % of the rated flow rate, all
1.2.1 Water consumption (see 10.2). further testing ceases and the manufacturer is contacted. The
1.2.2 Cleanability (see 10.3). manufacturer may make appropriate changes or adjustments to
1.3 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded the spray valve.
as standard. The SI units given in parentheses are for informa- 4.2 The spray valve’s water flow rate is measured at 60 6 1
tion only. psi (2.9 6 0.5 kPa) settings at a temperature of 120 6 4°F (49
1.4 This test method may involve hazardous materials, 6 2°C).
operations, and equipment. It does not address all of the 4.3 The spray valve’s cleanability (effectiveness) is deter-
potential safety problems associated with its use. It is the mined at 60 6 1 psi (2.9 6 0.5 kPa), with a water temperature
responsibility of the users of this test method to establish of 120 6 4°F (49 6 2°C).
appropriate safety and health practices and determine the 5. Significance and Use
applicability of regulatory limitations prior to its use.
5.1 The flow rate test is used to confirm that the spray valve
2. Referenced Documents is operating at the manufacturer’s rated flow rate at the
2.1 NSF Documents: specified water pressure. This test would also assist the
NSF Listings Food Equipment and Related Products, Com- operator in controlling the water and sewer consumption and
ponents and Materials, NSF International2 reduce the water heating bills.
5.2 The cleanability test is used to verify the spray valve’s
3. Terminology effectiveness at cleaning the plates before they are sent into the
3.1 Definitions: dishwashing machine.
3.1.1 cleanability—the effectiveness of the prerinse spray 6. Apparatus
valve to remove soil from the plate before it is placed in a
dishwashing machine. 6.1 Analytical Balance Scale, or equivalent, for measuring
3.1.2 test method—a definitive procedure for the identifica- the weight of the plates and water container. It shall have a
tion, measurement, and evaluation of one or more qualities, resolution of 0.01 lb (5 g) and an uncertainty of 0.01 lb (5 g).
characteristics, or properties of a material, product, system, or 6.2 Calibrated Exposed Junction Thermocouple Probes,
service that produces a test result. with a range from 50 to 200°F (10 to 93°C), with a resolution
3.1.3 uncertainty—measure of systematic and precision er- of 0.2°F (0.1°C) and an uncertainty of 1.0°F (0.5°C), for
rors in specified instrumentation or measure of repeatability of measuring water line temperatures. Calibrated K-type 24-GA
a reported test result. thermocouple wire with stainless steel sheath and ceramic
insulation is the recommended choice for measuring the water
line temperatures. The thermocouple probe can be fed through
1
This test method is under the jurisdiction of ASTM Committee F26 on Food a compression fitting so as to submerse exposed junction in the
Service Equipment and is the direct responsibility of Subcommittee F26.06 on water lines.
Productivity and Energy Protocol.
Current edition approved Sept. 10, 2003. Published October 2003.
2
Available from NSF International, P.O. Box 130140, 789 N. Dixboro Rd., Ann
Arbor, MI 48113-0140.

Copyright © ASTM International, 100 Barr Harbor Drive, PO Box C700, West Conshohocken, PA 19428-2959, United States.

1
F 2324 – 03
6.3 Carboy, or equivalent container, for measuring for 7.3 Tomato Sauce, shall be comprised of tomato paste and
weight of the water during the flow rate test. A 5-gal (19-L) water. Mix 6 oz (175 mL) tomato paste (see 7.1) with 10 oz
carboy water bottle has been found to be suitable (the carboy (295 mL) of 75 6 5°F (24 6 3°C) water to form the tomato
is the standard water bottle that is used for water coolers). sauce. Stir until mixture becomes consistent.
NOTE 1—The 5-gal (19-L) carboy container is the preferred container. NOTE 2—Testing at the Food Service Technology Center has found that
With a narrow opening, the carboy captures all the water during the test at a generic store brand such as “Safewayt” brand or “Albertson’st” brand
higher water pressure which can result in excess splashing. tomato paste is the preferred test product. National brands tend to have
excess tomato skins in the tomato paste, which makes repeatability
6.4 Hot Water Temperature Control Valve, to maintain and
difficult. Shown in Fig. 2 are the two types of tomato paste. The “generic”
limit mixed hot water to the spray valve during testing. It shall store brand is on the left, and the “national” brand on the right. The dark
have a double throttling design to control both the hot and cold spots in the photo on the right (nationals brand) are the tomato skin flecks,
water supply to the mixed outlet. The flow characteristics of the which are more difficult to remove.
valve shall have a resolution temperature control of 64°F 7.4 Plates, shall be 9-in. (229-mm), white ceramic glazed,
(62°C) combined with low pressure drop check valves in both with an inside flat diameter of 7-in. (178-mm), weighing an
the hot and cold water inlets to protect against cross flow. average of 1.3 6 0.05 lb (590 6 23 g) each. Sixty plates are
6.5 Measuring Spoons, used to portion out one level table- required.
spoon of tomato sauce on each plate for the cleanability test. 7.5 Dishracks, to hold the plates with the dried tomato sauce
6.6 Pressure Gage, for measuring pressure of water to the for the cleanability test and in the preparation of the plates to
spray valve. The gage shall have a resolution of 0.5 psig (3.4 dry the tomato sauce so that the plates can be dried vertically,
kPa) and a maximum uncertainty of 1 % of the measured value. or acceptable equivalent. Four Metro Mdl P2MO, 20 by 20-in.
6.7 Spring-Style Pre-Rinse Unit, Deck-Mounted, with a (508 by 508-mm), peg-type, commercial dishracks, each
36-in. (915-mm) flex hose which will have the testing sample weighing 4.6 6 0.1 lb (2.09 6 0.04 kg).3
spray valve attach at the end of the flex hose. See Fig. 1.
6.8 Stopwatch, with a 0.1-s resolution. 8. Sampling
6.9 Temperature Sensor, for measuring water temperature in 8.1 Prerinse Spray Valve—A representative production
the range from 50 to 200°F (10 to 93°C), with a resolution of model shall be selected for performance testing.
0.5°F (0.3°C) and an uncertainty of 61°F (0.5°C).
9. Preparation of Apparatus
7. Reagents and Materials
9.1 Attach the spray valve to a 36-in., spring-style (flex
7.1 Tomato Paste, shall be 100 % pure and shall have a tubing) prerinse unit in accordance with the manufacturer’s
moisture content of 70 6 2.5 %. Stabilize paste at room instructions. The minimum flow rate of the flex tubing, with no
temperature (75 6 5°F (24 6 3°C)). spray valve connected, shall be 7 gpm (26 L/min) at a pressure
7.2 Gravimetric moisture analysis shall be performed as of 60 6 2 psi (2.9 6 0.5 kPa).
follows: To determine moisture content, place a 1-lb sample of
NOTE 3—Specifying a minimum flow rate for the flex tubing ensures
the test food on a dry, aluminum sheet pan and place the pan in
that the prerinse spray nozzle is performing to the manufacturer’s
a convection drying oven at a temperature of 220 6 5°F for a specifications and prevents the flex tubing from dictating the flow rate of
period of 24 h. Weigh the sample before it is placed in the oven the prerinse valve.
and after it is removed and determine the percent moisture
9.2 Insulate the entire length of the water pipe from the
content based on the percent weight loss of the sample. The
mixing valve to the inlet of the flex tubing with one-half inch
sample must be spread evenly over the surface of the sheet pan
foam insulation. The insulation material shall have a thermal
in order for all of the moisture to evaporate during drying and
resistance (R) value of not less than 4°F 3 ft2 3 h/Btu (0.7°K
it is permissible to spread the sample on top of baking paper in
3 m2/W).
order to protect the sheet pan and simplify cleanup.
9.3 Connect the mixing valve to the municipal water supply
and set the mixing valve to maintain an outlet water tempera-
ture of 120 6 4°F (49 6 2°C). The mixing valve shall be
located within six feet of the inlet of the flex tubing.
9.4 Install a water line pressure regulator down stream of
the mixing valve. Install a pressure gage at the base of the flex
tubing. Adjust the pressure regulator so that the water line
pressure to the prerinse valve can be maintained at 60 6 2 psi
(2.9 6 0.5 kPa) when the water is flowing to the spray valve,
as the lever is fully pressed.
9.5 Install a temperature sensor in the water line down
stream from the mixing valve. The sensors should be installed
with the probe immersed in the water. See Fig. 3 for a

3
Inter-Americant mdl #132 is within the specified weight range and is
FIG. 1 Illustration of Spring-Style, Deck-Mounted Prerinse Unit inexpensive.

2
F 2324 – 03

FIG. 2 Generic Brand on the Left and the National Brand on the Right

FIG. 3 Schematic of Water Lines and Testing Setup

schematic of the setup for the water supply, mixing valve, 10.1.1.4 Water flow rate.
pressure regulator, and gage that are used for testing the spray 10.2 Prerinse Spray Valve Flow Rate Test:
valves. 10.2.1 This procedure is comprised of a minimum of three
NOTE 4—Install the thermocouple probes described in 9.5 into water separate test runs at the specified water temperature and
outlets for the prerinse. The thermocouple probe must be installed so that pressure. The reported values of the flow rate test shall be the
the thermocouple probe is immersed in the incoming water. A compres- average of the three test runs.
sion fitting should be first installed into the plumbing inlets. A junction 10.2.2 Ensure water is supplied at 60 6 2 psi (2.9 6 0.5
fitting may need to be installed in the plumbing line that would be
kPa) and 120 6 4°F (49 6 2°C).
compatible with the compression fitting.
10.2.3 Weigh and record the weight of the carboy prior to
10. Procedure testing (or equivalent 5-gal (19-L) container).
10.1 General: 10.2.4 Hold the spray valve over the opening of the carboy
10.1.1 The following shall be obtained and recorded for container. Squeeze the spray valve handle to allow maximum
each run of every test: flow and begin recording the time elapsed. At the end of one
10.1.1.1 Water temperature, minute, record the weight of the water and container and
10.1.1.2 Water pressure, subtract the weight of the container.
10.1.1.3 Time, and 10.2.5 Repeat 10.2.2-10.2.4 for the remaining test runs.

3
F 2324 – 03
10.3 Preparation of the Plates for the Cleanability Test:
10.3.1 Prepare 60 plates with one leveled tablespoon of
tomato sauce on each plate.
10.3.2 The plates are to be dry and stabilized at a room
temperature of 75 6 5°F (24 6 3°C) before the tomato sauce
is portioned onto the plate.
10.3.3 Apply one level tablespoon (15 mL) of tomato sauce
as described in 7.3 to a plate, and evenly distribute the tomato
sauce around the plate by shaking and turning the plate. Portion
out the tomato sauce one plate at a time. Make sure that the
tomato sauce is not distributed onto the rim/lip of the plate. In
addition, do not use a spoon or other utensil to spread the
tomato sauce, as this will leave ridges in the sauce on the plate,
altering test times. Using a utensil will also pickup some of the
sauce and make the amount of sauce on each plate different.
FIG. 5 A Rack of Plates Drying
See Fig. 4 for an illustration of the preparation of the plates.
10.3.4 Place the plates with the tomato sauce in a dish rack
10.4.5 Begin spraying the plate as time is recorded on the
to let the tomato sauce dry on the plates at room temperature
stopwatch. The plate is to be sprayed in a side to side motion
(75 6 5°F (24 6 3°C)). See Fig. 5.
from the top to the bottom of the plate. Repeat this spray
NOTE 5—This can be accomplished by storing the dish loads in a room pattern until all the tomato sauce has been rinsed from the
with an ambient temperature of 75 6 5°F (24 6 3°C). Avoid any plate. Record the amount of time required to clear the plate.
circumstances that would result in some dishes being at different tempera- Fig. 7 demonstrates a cleanability test.
tures from others, such as being stored in the air path of an HVAC supply
10.4.6 Repeat 10.4.5 for the 59 remaining test plates.
register.
10.3.5 Repeat 10.3.2-10.3.4 until all 20 plates are prepared. 11. Calculation and Report
Allow plates to dry for 24 h before testing. 11.1 Test Prerinse Spray Valve—Summarize the physical
10.4 Cleanability Performance Test: and operating characteristic of the prerinse spray valve.
10.4.1 This procedure shall be performed at the specified 11.2 Apparatus and Procedure—Confirm that the testing
water temperature and pressure. The reported values of the apparatus conformed to all of the specifications in Section 9.
cleanability procedure shall be the average of the sixty plates Describe any deviations from those specifications.
measured in seconds per plate (s/plate). 11.3 Flow Rate Test:
NOTE 6—The test can be divided into 3 groups of 20-plate racks if sixty 11.3.1 Calculate and report the nozzle flow rate based on:
plates are not available. Wwater

S D
Qnozzle 5 lb kg (1)
10.4.2 Ensure that the water supply is at 60 6 2 psi (2.9 6 8.337gal 1.000 L
0.5 kPa) and 120 6 4°F (49 6 2°C) with the nozzle operating
at maximum flow. where:
10.4.3 Place an empty dishrack under the prerinse valve in Qnozzle = nozzle flow rate, gpm (L/min), and
the sink. Wwater = weight of the water collected in 1 min, lb (kg).
10.4.4 Place a single plate with dried tomato sauce upright 11.3.2 Report the water temperature and water line pressure.
in the dishrack. The plate is to be placed in the dishrack at a 11.4 Cleanability (Effectiveness) Test:
distance from the tip of the spray valves to the top of the plate 11.4.1 Report the average cleaning time in seconds per
of 11 6 1 in. (279 6 25 mm) and 14 6 1 in. (356 6 25 mm) plate.
from the bottom of the plate. Mark the location of the plate in 11.4.2 Report the water temperature and water line pressure.
the dishrack, as this will be where all the testing plates will be
placed. Fig. 6 shows a drawing plate in the dishrack with the 12. Precision and Bias
cleaning distances. 12.1 Precision:

FIG. 4 Plate Preparation

4
F 2324 – 03

FIG. 6 Plate and Sprayer Distance

FIG. 7 Cleanability Test

12.1.1 Repeatability (within laboratory, same operator and 13. Keywords


equipment)—The repeatability of each reported parameter is
13.1 cleanability (effectiveness) dishrack; gallons per
being determined.
minute; prerinse spray valve; test method
12.1.2 Reproducibility (multiple laboratories)—The inter-
laboratory precision of the procedure in this test method for
measuring each reported parameter is being determined.
12.2 Bias—No statement can be made concerning the bias
of the procedures in this test method because there are no
accepted reference values for the parameters reported.

5
F 2324 – 03
ANNEX

(Mandatory Information)

A1. PROCEDURE FOR DETERMINING THE UNCERTAINTY IN REPORTED TEST RESULTS

NOTE A1.1—This procedure is based on the ASHRAE method for A1.4.1.2 The formula for the sample standard deviation
determining the confidence interval for the average of several test results (three test runs) is as follows:
(ASHRAE Guideline 2-1986(RA90)). It should only be applied to test
results that have been obtained within the tolerances prescribed in this S3 5 ~1/=2! 3 =~A3 – B3! (A1.2)
method (for example, thermocouples calibrated, appliance operating
within 5 % of rated input during the test run). where:
S3 = standard deviation of results for three test runs,
A1.1 For the flow rate test results, the uncertainty in the A3 = (X1)2+ (X2)2 + (X3)2, and
averages of at least three test runs is reported. For each test run, B3 = (1/3) 3 (X1+ X2 + X3)2.
the uncertainty of the flow rate test must be no greater than NOTE A1.3—The formulas may be used to calculate the average and
65 % before any of the parameters for that flow rate test run sample standard deviation. However, a calculator with statistical function
can be reported. is recommended, in which case be sure to use the sample standard
deviation function. The population standard deviation function will result
A1.2 The uncertainty in a reported result is a measure of its in an error in the uncertainty.
precision. If, for example, the gpm flow rate for the spray valve NOTE A1.4—The “A” quantity is the sum of the squares of each test
is 1.6 gpm at 60 psi, the uncertainty must not be greater than result, and the “B” quantity is the square of the sum of all test results
60.08 gpm. Thus, the true gpm flow rate is between 1.52 and multiplied by a constant (1⁄3 in this case).
1.68 gpm. Therefore, interval is determined at the 95 % A1.4.2 Step 2—Calculate the absolute uncertainty in the
confidence level, which means that there is only a 1 in 20 average for each parameter listed in Step 1. Multiply the
chance that the true gpm flow rate could be outside of this standard deviation calculated in Step 1 by the uncertainty
interval. factor corresponding to three test results from Table A1.1.
A1.4.2.1 The formula for the absolute uncertainty (three test
A1.3 Calculating the uncertainty not only guarantees the runs) is as follows:
maximum uncertainty in the reported results, but is also used to U 3 5 C3 3 S 3 (A1.3)
determine how many test runs are needed to satisfy this ,
requirement. The uncertainty is calculated from the standard U3 5 2.48 3 S3
deviation of three or more test results and a factor from Table
A1.1, which lists the number of test results used to calculate the where:
average. The percent uncertainty is the ratio of the uncertainty U3 = absolute uncertainty in average for three test runs, and
to the average expressed as a percent. C3 = uncertainty factor for three test runs (Table A1.1).
A1.4.3 Step 3—Calculate the percent uncertainty in each
A1.4 Procedure: parameter average using the averages from Step 1 and the
NOTE A1.2—Section A1.5 shows how to apply this procedure. absolute uncertainties from Step 2.
A1.4.3.1 The formula for the percent uncertainty (three test
A1.4.1 Step 1—Calculate the average and the standard
runs) is as follows:
deviation for the test results (gpm flow rate) using the results of
the first three test runs, as follows: %U3 5 ~U3/Xa3! 3 100 % (A1.4)
A1.4.1.1 The formula for the average (three test runs) is as
where:
follows: %U3 = percent uncertainty in average for three test runs,
Xa3 5 ~1/3! 3 ~X1 1 X2 1 X3! (A1.1) U3 = absolute uncertainty in average for three test runs,
and
where: Xa3 = average of three test runs.
Xa3 = average of results for three test runs, and A1.4.4 Step 4—If the percent uncertainty, %U3, is not
X1, X2, X3 = results for each test run.
greater than 610 % for the gpm flow rate, report the average
for these parameters along with their corresponding absolute
TABLE A1.1 Uncertainty Factors uncertainty, U3, in the following format:
Test Results, n Uncertainty Factor, Cn Xa3 6 U3
3 2.48 If the percent uncertainty is greater than 610 % for the gpm
4 1.59 flow rate, proceed to Step 5.
5 1.24
6 1.05 A1.4.5 Step 5—Run a fourth test for the gpm flow rate if the
7 0.92 percent uncertainty was greater than 610 %.
8 0.84 A1.4.6 Step 6—When a fourth test is run for a given gpm
9 0.77
10 0.72 flow rate, calculate the average and standard deviation for test
results using a calculator or the following formulas:

6
F 2324 – 03
A1.4.6.1 The formula for the average (four test runs) is as Xan = average of results of n test runs,
follows: and
Xa4 5 ~1/4! 3 ~X1 1 X2 1 X3 1 X4! (A1.5) X1, X2, X3, X4 ... Xn = results for each test run.
A1.4.10.2 The formula for the standard deviation (n test
where: runs) is as follows:
Xa4 = average of results for four test runs, and
X1, X2, X3, X4 = results for each test run. Sn 5 ~1/=~n 2 1!! 3 ~=An 2 Bn! (A1.10)
A1.4.6.2 The formula for the standard deviation (four test where:
runs) is as follows: Sn = standard deviation of results for n test runs,
S4 5 ~1/=3! 3 =~A4 2 B4! (A1.6) An = (X1)2+ (X2)2+ (X3)2+ (X4)2+ ... + (Xn)2, and
Bn = (1/n) 3 (X1+ X2+ X3+ X4+ ... + Xn)2.
where: A1.4.10.3 The formula for the absolute uncertainty (n test
S4 = standard deviation of results for four test runs, runs) is as follows:
A4 = (X1)2+ (X2)2 + (X3)2+ (X4)2, and U n 5 Cn 3 S n (A1.11)
B4 = (1⁄4) 3 (X1+ X2+ X3+ X4)2.
A1.4.7 Step 7—Calculate the absolute uncertainty in the where:
average for each parameter listed in Step 1. Multiply the Un = absolute uncertainty in average for n test runs, and
standard deviation calculated in Step 6 by the uncertainty Cn = uncertainty factor for n test runs (Table A1.1).
factor for four test results from Table A1.1. A1.4.10.4 The formula for the percent uncertainty (n test
A1.4.7.1 The formula for the absolute uncertainty (four test runs) is as follows:
runs) is as follows: %Un 5 ~Un/Xan! 3 100 % (A1.12)
U4 5 C4 3 S4 (A1.7)
where:
U4 5 1.59 3 S4 %Un = percent uncertainty in average for n test runs,
Un = absolute uncertainty in average for n test runs, and
where: Xan = average of n test runs.
U4 = absolute uncertainty in average for four test runs, and
A1.4.10.5 When the percent uncertainty, %Un, is less than
C4 = uncertainty factor for four test runs (Table A1.1).
or equal to 610 %, for the gpm flow rate, report the average for
A1.4.8 Step 8—Calculate the percent uncertainty in the these parameters along with their corresponding absolute
parameter averages using the averages from Step 6 and the uncertainty, Un, in the following format:
absolute uncertainties from Step 7.
Xan 6 Un
A1.4.8.1 The formula for the percent uncertainty (four test
runs) is as follows: NOTE A1.5—The researcher may compute a test result that deviates
significantly from the other test results. Such a result should be discarded
%U4 5 ~U4/Xa4! 3 100 % (A1.8) only if there is some physical evidence that the test run was not performed
according to the conditions specified in this method. For example, the
where: water psi was out of calibration, the water temperature was not in the
%U4 = percent uncertainty in average for four test runs, accepted range, or the plates with the dried tomato sauce had not dry long
U4 = absolute uncertainty in average for four test runs, enough. To ensure all results are obtained under approximately the same
and conditions, it is good practice to monitor those test conditions specified in
Xa4 = average of four test runs. this method.
A1.4.9 Step 9—If the percent uncertainty, %U4, is not
greater than 610 % for the gpm flow rate, report the average A1.5 Example of Determining Uncertainty in Average Test
for these parameters along with their corresponding absolute Result:
uncertainty, U4, in the following format: A1.5.1 Three test runs for the gpm flow rate yielded the
Xa4 6 U4 following results:
Test gpm
If the percent uncertainty is greater than 610 % for the gpm Run #1 1.16
flow rate test, proceed to Step 10. Run #2 1.45
Run #3 1.02
A1.4.10 Step 10—The steps required for five or more test
runs are the same as those previously described. More general A1.5.2 Step 1—Calculate the average and standard devia-
formulas are listed as follows for calculating the average, tion of the three test results for the gpm flow rate test.
standard deviation, absolute uncertainty, and percent uncer- A1.5.2.1 The average of the three test results is as follows:
tainty. Xa3 5 ~1/3! 3 ~X1 1 X2 1 X3! (A1.13)
A1.4.10.1 The formula for the average (n test runs) is as Xa3 5 ~1/3! 3 ~1.16 1 1.45 1 1.02!
follows:
Xa3 5 1.21 gpm
Xan 5 ~1/n! 3 ~X1 1 X2 1 X3 1 X4 1 ... 1 Xn! (A1.9)
A1.5.2.2 The standard deviation of the three test results is as
where: follows. First calculate “A3” and “B3”:
n = number of test runs,
A3 5 ~X1!2 1 ~X2!2 1 ~X3!2 (A1.14)

7
F 2324 – 03
A3 5 ~1.16!2 1 ~1.45!2 1 ~1.02!2 A4 5 ~1.16!2 1 ~1.45!2 1 ~1.02!2 1 ~1.16!2
A3 5 4.48 A4 5 5.83
2
B3 5 ~1/3! 3 @~X1 1 X2 1 X3! # B4 5 ~1/4! 3 @~X1 1 X2 1 X3 1 X4!2#
2
B3 5 ~1/3! 3 @~1.16 1 1.45 1 1.02! # B4 5 ~1/4! 3 @~1.16 1 1.45 1 1.02 1 1.16!2#
B3 5 4.39 B4 5 5.73
A1.5.2.3 The new standard deviation for the gpm flow rate A1.5.6.3 The new standard deviation for the CR is as
is as follows: follows:
S3 5 ~1/=2! 3 =~4.48 2 4.39! (A1.15) S4 5 ~1/=3! 3 =~7.83 2 7.73! (A1.20)
S3 5 0.0636 gpm S4 5 0.1
A1.5.3 Step 2—Calculate the uncertainty in average. A1.5.7 Step 5—Recalculate the absolute uncertainty using
U3 5 2.48 3 S3 (A1.16) the new standard deviation and uncertainty factor.
U3 5 2.48 3 0.0636 U4 5 1.59 3 S4 (A1.21)
U3 5 0.15 gpm U4 5 1.59 3 0.1
A1.5.4 Step 3—Calculate percent uncertainty. U4 5 0.11
%U3 5 ~U3/Xa3! 3 100 % (A1.17) A1.5.8 Step 6—Recalculate the percent uncertainty using
%U3 5 ~0.15/1.23! 3 100 % the new average.
%U3 5 12.8 % %U4 5 ~U4/Xa4! 3 100 % (A1.22)
A1.5.5 Run a fourth test. Since the percent uncertainty for %U4 5 ~0.11/1.26! 3 100 %
the gpm flow rate test is greater than 610 %, the precision %U4 5 8.7 %
requirement has not been satisfied. An additional test is run in
an attempt to reduce the uncertainty. The result from the fourth A1.5.9 Step 7—Since the percent uncertainty, %U4, is less
test run was 1.16 gpm. than 610 %; the average for the gpm flow rate is reported
A1.5.6 Step 4—Recalculate the average and standard devia- along with its corresponding absolute uncertainty, U4, as
tion for the CR using the fourth test result: follows:
A1.5.6.1 The new average gpm flow rate test is as follows: gpm: 1.19 6 0.11 gpm (A1.23)
Xa4 5 ~1/4! 3 ~X1 1 X2 1 X3 1 X4! (A1.18) A1.5.9.1 The gpm flow rate can be reported assuming the
Xa4 5 ~1/4! 3 ~1.16 1 1.45 1 1.02 1 1.16! 610 % precision requirement has been met for the correspond-
Xa4 5 1.19 gpm ing gpm flow rate value. The cleanability procedure and its
absolute uncertainty can be calculated following the same
A1.5.6.2 The new standard deviation is as follows. First procedure as the gpm absolute uncertainty. Since the cleanabil-
calculate “A4” and “B4”: ity procedure has six runs per test, average the runs in each test
A4 5 ~X1!2 1 ~X2!2 1 ~X3!2 1 ~X4!2 (A1.19) for the absolute uncertainty.

8
F 2324 – 03

APPENDIX

(Nonmandatory Information)

X1. RESULTS REPORTING SHEETS

Manufacturer
Manufacturers rated flow rate, gpm (L/min)
Spray pattern (for example, blade or circular)
Carboy weight, lb (kg)
Tomato paste brand
Date
Test reference number (optional)

Flow Rate Test


Test Water Weight, lb (kg) Flow Rate, gpm (L/min)
Test # 1
Test # 2
Test # 3
Spray Nozzle Cleanability Test
Plate Time (s) Plate Time, s Plate Time, s
Plate #1 Plate #21 Plate #41
Plate #2 Plate #22 Plate #42
Plate #3 Plate #23 Plate #43
Plate #4 Plate #24 Plate #44
Plate #5 Plate #25 Plate #45
Plate #6 Plate #26 Plate #46
Plate #7 Plate #27 Plate #47
Plate #8 Plate #28 Plate #48
Plate #9 Plate #29 Plate #49
Plate #10 Plate #30 Plate #50
Plate #11 Plate #31 Plate #51
Plate #12 Plate #32 Plate #52
Plate #13 Plate #33 Plate #53
Plate #14 Plate #34 Plate #54
Plate #15 Plate #35 Plate #55
Plate #16 Plate #36 Plate #56
Plate #17 Plate #37 Plate #57
Plate #18 Plate #38 Plate #58
Plate #19 Plate #39 Plate #59
Plate #20 Plate #40 Plate #60

ASTM International takes no position respecting the validity of any patent rights asserted in connection with any item mentioned
in this standard. Users of this standard are expressly advised that determination of the validity of any such patent rights, and the risk
of infringement of such rights, are entirely their own responsibility.

This standard is subject to revision at any time by the responsible technical committee and must be reviewed every five years and
if not revised, either reapproved or withdrawn. Your comments are invited either for revision of this standard or for additional standards
and should be addressed to ASTM International Headquarters. Your comments will receive careful consideration at a meeting of the
responsible technical committee, which you may attend. If you feel that your comments have not received a fair hearing you should
make your views known to the ASTM Committee on Standards, at the address shown below.

This standard is copyrighted by ASTM International, 100 Barr Harbor Drive, PO Box C700, West Conshohocken, PA 19428-2959,
United States. Individual reprints (single or multiple copies) of this standard may be obtained by contacting ASTM at the above
address or at 610-832-9585 (phone), 610-832-9555 (fax), or service@astm.org (e-mail); or through the ASTM website
(www.astm.org).