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Forts in Pune District

Annexure -II
Micro-Project Report
Create a website for Forts in Pune District
1.0 Rationale
In this micro project we have develop website for information about forts in Pune district. In
Pune district there are various historical places. We have develop this website for provide
the information of that particular forts and importance of forts which is in Pune district.
Also we have included location of forts.

2.0 Aims/Benefits of the Micro-Project


a) To create various types of websites and get more knowledge about how to make websites.
b) We have chosen this micro project to get knowledge about forts in Pune district.
c) Because of the micro project now we have get deep knowledge about forts in Pune.

3.0 Course Outcomes Achieved


a. Use block level formatting tags to present content on webpage.
b. Use text level formatting tags to present content on webpage.
c. Apply hyper linking on web page.
d. Publish website or intranet.

4.0 Actual Methodology Followed


We searched the micro project topic related to subject, and then we selected micro project title
after selection of topic. We have searched and collected information related to selected topic.
Prepared report of micro project. And developed a code of website, and then finalized code.
Prepare final report and publish website on internet.
4.1 Implementation/Coding
Main Page Code
<html>
<head>
<title>Microproject</title>
<style>
button{
background-color:red;color:white;
float:left;

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Forts in Pune District

padding:15px;
}
h1,p{
background-color:white;
}
body{
background-image:url(LOGO.jpg);
background-size: cover;
background-attachment: fixed;
}
.content{
background: white;
}
</style>
<style>

a:link{colour:red}
a:active{colour:red}
a:visit{colour:red}

</style>

</head>
<body>
<h1 align=center>Forts in Pune District</h1><br><br>
<h2><b><a href="Shivneri.html">
<button class="button align="left">Shivneri Forts</button>
</a><br></h2>
<h2><b><a href="Lohagad.html">
<button class="button align="left">Lohagad Forts</button>
</a><br></h2>
<h2><b><a href="Purandar.html">
<button class="button align="left">Purandar Forts</button>
</a><br></h2>
<h2><b><a href="Torna.html">

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Forts in Pune District

<button class="button align="left">Torna Forts</button>


</a><br></h2>
<h2><b><a href="Rajgad.html">
<button class="button align="left">Rajgad Forts</button>
</a><br></h2>
<h2><b><a href="Visapur.html">
<button class="button align="left">Visapur Forts</button>
</a><br></h2>
<h2><a href="mailto"="akashagale22@gmail.com">
<button class="button align="left">Contact</button></h2>
</a>
</html>
Code of Shivneri Fort:

<html>
<head>
<title>Microproject</title>
<style>
button{
background-color:red;color:white;
float:left;
padding:15px;
}
h1,p{
background-color:white;
}

</style>
<style>
a:link{colour:red}
a:active{colour:red}
a:visited{colour:red}
</style>
</head>
<body>

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Forts in Pune District

<h1 align=center>Shivneri Forts</h1>


<h3><u><b>Shivneri Forts</b></u></h3>
<p>
<h3><b>History</b></br></h3>
Shivneri is known to be a place of Buddhist dominion from the 1st century AD. The caves, rock-cut
architecture and water system indicate presence of habitation from the 1st century. Shivneri got its
name as it was under the possession of the Yadavas of Devagiri. This fort was mainly used to
guard the old trading route from Desh to the port city of Kalyan. The place passed on to the
Bahmani Sultanate after the weakening of Delhi Sultanate during the 15th century and it then
passed on to the Ahmadnagar Sultanate in the 16th century. In 1595, a Maratha chief named Maloji
Bhonsle, the grandfather of Chhatrapati Shivaji Bhosale, was enabled by the Ahmadnagar Sultan,
Bahadur Nizam Shah II and he gave him Shivneri and Chakan. Chhatrapati Shivaji Bhonsale was
born at the fort on 19 February 1630 (some accounts place it 1627), and spent his childhood there.
Inside the fort is a small temple dedicated to the goddess Shivai Devi, after whom Chhatrapati
Shivaji Bhonsale was named. The English traveller Fraze visited the fort in 1673 and found it
invincible. According to his accounts the fort was well-stocked to feed thousand families for seven
years. He also made a mention that the fort was then governed by a Brahmin turned Muslim. The
fort was under the control of the Mughals after the Marathas and Shahu demanded it back in 1716.
They regained the fort in 1762 and became a part of Ragunatha Rao. The fort came under the
control of the British Rule in 1820 after the Third Anglo-Maratha War.<br></br>
</p>
<h3>Images of Shivneri Forts</h3>
<img src="1.1.jpg" width="400" height="400"></img>
<img src="shivneri-fort-information.jpg" width="500" height="400"></img>
<img src="shivneri.png" width="400" height="400"></img>
<br>
<center><a
href="https://www.google.co.in/search?hs=X0&q=images+of+shivneri+fort&tbm=isch&source=un
iv&client=opera&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwiK9IfDvu_gAhVMp48KHXkUCP0QsAR6BAgDEAE&bi
w=1315&bih=645">More Images of Shivneri Forts</a></center>
<center><ahref="https://www.google.com/maps/place/Shivneri+Fort/@19.2131956,73.8707597,13
z/data=!4m5!
3m4!1s0x3bdd3fc655555555:0xbc158147249fa98d!8m2!3d19.2006982!4d73.8593979">Shivneri
Forts Location</center></a>
<p>

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Forts in Pune District

<h3><b>Architecture</b></br></h3>
Shivneri is a hill fort having a triangular shape and has its entrance from the South-west side of the
hill. Apart from the main gate there is an entrance to the fort from side called locally as the chain
gate, where in one has to hold chains to climb up to the fort gate. The fort extends up to 1 mi (1.6
km) with seven spiral well-defended gates. There are mud walls all around the fort. Inside the fort,
the major buildings are the prayer hall, a tomb and a mosque.

<img src="Architecture2.jpg" width="400" height="400"></img>


<img src="1.jpg" width="400" height="400"></img>
<img src="Architecture3.jpg" width="500" height="400"></img>
</p>
<a href="Lohagad.html">
<h2><button class="button align="left">Lohagad Forts</button><br><br></h2>
</a></b></li><br>
</body>
</html>
Code of Lohagad Fort:
<html>
<head>
<title>Microproject</title>
<style>
button{
background-color:red;color:white;
float:left;
padding:15px;
}
h1,p{
background-color:white;
}

</style>
<style>
a:link{colour:red}
a:active{colour:red}
a:visited{colour:red}

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Forts in Pune District

</style>
</head>
<body>
<h1 align=center>Lohagad Forts</h1>
<h3>Lohagad Forts</h3>
<img src="lohagad.jpg" width="400" height="300"></img>
<img src="Lohagad 2.jpg" width="400" height="300"></img><br>
<center><a
href="https://www.google.co.in/search?hs=Iy&q=images+of+lohagad+fort&tbm=isch&source=uni
v&client=opera&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwiQ-
OuAvu_gAhXCXCsKHQQUAKoQsAR6BAgCEAE&biw=1315&bih=645">Images of Lohagad
Forts</a></center>
<center><a
href="https://www.google.com/maps/place/Lohagad+Fort,+Lohagad+Trek+Rd,+Maharashtra+410
406/@18.7101945,73.4736731,17z/data=!3m1!4b1!4m5!3m4!1s0x3bc2a9e5ec73dc55:0x40175d3a
5814b5d!8m2!3d18.7101945!4d73.4758618">Lohagad Forts Location</a></center><br>
<h3>History</br></h3>
<p>
Lohagad has a long history with several dynasties occupying it at different periods of time:
Satavahanas, Chalukyas, Rashtrakutas, Yadavas, Bahamanis, Nizams, Mughals and Marathas.
Shivaji Maharaj captured it in 1648 AD, but he was forced to surrender it to the Mughals in 1665
AD by the Treaty of Purandar. Shivaji recaptured the fort in 1670 AD and used it for keeping his
treasury. This fort was used to keep the loot from Surat. Later in Peshwa time Nana Phadnavis used
this fort for living for some time and built several structures in the fort such as a big tank and a step-
well.</br>
</p>
<a href="Purandar.html">
<h2><button class="button align="left">Purandar Fort</button><br><br><br></h2>
</a>
</body>
</html>
Code of Purandar Fort:
<html>
<head>
<title>Microproject</title>

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Forts in Pune District

<style>
button{
background-color:red;color:white;
float:left;
padding:15px;
}
h1,p{
background-color:white;
}

</style>
<style>
a:link{colour:red}
a:active{colour:red}
a:visited{colour:red}
</style>
</head>
<body>
<h1 align=center>Purandar Forts</h1><hr></hr>
<h4><u><b>Purandar Forts</b></u></h4>
<p>
<h3><b>History</b></h3>
Purandar Fort is known as the birthplace of Sambhaji, the son of Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj. The
fort is repeatedly mentioned in the rising of Shivaji against the Adil Shahi Bijapur Sultanate and the
Mughals. The fort of Purandhar stands at 4,472 ft (1,387 m) above the sea level in the Western
Ghats, 50 km to the southeast of Pune.</br>
The oldest known reference to the Purandar dates back to the Yadava Dynasty in the 11th
century.</br>
After the defeat of the Yadavas by the Persian invaders, the territory surrounding the fort fell into
the hands of the Persians who further fortified the Purandar Fort in 1350 A.D. During the early rule
of the Bijapur and Ahmednagar kings, The Purandar Fort was among the forts directly under the
Government rule and was never entrusted to Jagirdars (estate holders).</br>

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Forts in Pune District

In 1596 A.D, the Bahudar Shah of the Ahmadnagar Sultanate granted the territory of "Pune" and
"Supa" to Maloji Bhosale, the grandfather of Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj. The Purandar Fort was
included in the territory.</br>
In 1670 A.D, The truce did not last long as Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj revolted against Aurangzeb
and recaptured Purandar after just five years.</br>

Under the Peshwa rule, The Purandar Fort acted as a stronghold whenever their capital city of Pune
was under attack. In 1776 A.D, a treaty was signed between the British Raj and the Maratha States
known as the Second Treaty of Purandar. Its conditions were never fulfilled, being overruled by the
subsequent Treaty of Salbai in 1782 between the Bombay Government and Raghunathrao, at the
close of the First Anglo-Maratha War.</br>

In 1818, The Purandar Fort was invested by a British force under General Pritzler. On 14 March
1818, a British garrison marched into Vajragad (the smaller fort). As Vajragad commanded
Purandar, the commandant had to accept terms and the British flag was hoisted at Purandar on 16
March 1818. During the British Raj, the fort was used as a prison. During World War II, it was an
internment camp for enemy-alien (i.e. German) families. Jews from Germany were interned here
along with the Aryan's. A German prisoner, Dr. H. Goetz was held here during World War II. He
studied the fort during his stay and later published a book on it. The fort's major use however, was
as a sanatorium for the British soldiers.</br>
Temple of the Purandeshwar deity from which Purandar takes its name
According to a legend, It is said that Purandar is the broken part of the Dronagiri Parvat, which
Hanuman carried in the Ramayana.</br>
<h3><b>Images of Purandar Forts</b></h3>
<img src="4.jpg" width="410" height="400"></img>
<img src="4.1.jpg" width="410" height="400"></img>
<img src="Purandar-fort-images-photosh.jpg" width="410" height="400"></img>
<center><a
href="https://www.google.co.in/search?hs=zMq&q=images+of+purandar+fort&tbm=isch&source=
univ&client=opera&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwiaksX5vu_gAhULL48KHW0OAF0QsAR6BAgCEAE
&biw=1315&bih=645">More Images of Purandar Forts</a></center>
<center><a
href="https://www.google.com/maps/place/Purandar__Fort/@18.2825268,73.9713033,17z/data=!3
m1!4b1!4m5!3m4!1s0x3bc2f1b719f98c4d:0xd5dfd1f2380d6e85!8m2!3d18.2825268!4d73.973492
">Lohagad Forts Location</a></center>

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Forts in Pune District

<h3><b>Structures</b></h3>

The fort has two distinct levels. The lower part of purandar is called the machi. North of the machi
is a flat area where the cantonment and hospital was housed.</br>
From the lower level of the machi, a staircase leads to the upper level called Ballekilla. The first
structure of the Ballekilla that comes into view is the Dilli Darwaza (Delhi Gate). This area also
houses an ancient Kedareshwar (Shiva) temple. The upper level called is also surrounded by steep
drop on three sides.
</p>
<h4>Images of Structure</h4>
<img src="purandar.jpg" width="410" height="400"></img>
<img src="purandar1.jpg" width="410" height="400"></img>
<img src="purandar2.jpg" width="410" height="400"></img><br>
<a href="Torna.html">
<h2><button class="button align="left">Torna Forts</button><br><br><br></h2>
</a>
</body>
</html>

Code of Torna Fort:

<html>
<head>
<title>Microproject</title>
<style>
button{
background-color:red;color:white;
float:left;
padding:15px;
}
h1,p{
background-color:white;
}

</style>

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Forts in Pune District

<style>
a:link{colour:red}
a:active{colour:red}
a:visited{colour:red}
</style>
</head>
<body>
<h1 align=center><b>Torna Forts</b></h1>
<h4>Torna Forts</h4>
<p>
<h3><b>History</b></h3></br>
Torna fort zunjar machi fortification
This fort is believed to have been constructed by the Shaiva Panth, followers of the Hindu god
Shiva, in the 13th century. A Menghai Devi temple, also referred to as the Tornaji temple, is
situated near the entrance of the fort.<br></br>
<img src="3.jpg" width="400" height="300"></img>
<img src="Torna1.jpg" width="400" height="300"></img>
<img src="Torna2.jpg" width="400" height="300"></img><br>

<img src="Torna3.jpg" width="400" height="300"></img>


<img src="Torna4.jpg" width="400" height="300"></img>
<img src="Torna5.jpg" width="400" height="300"></img><br>
<center><a
href="https://www.google.co.in/search?q=images+of+torna+fort&tbm=isch&source=univ&client=
opera&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwilnYqeve_gAhWLQ48KHWfjCbEQsAR6BAgDEAE&biw=1315&bi
h=645">More Images of Torna Forts</a></center>
<center><a
href="https://www.google.com/maps/place/Purandar__Fort/@18.2825268,73.9713033,17z/data=!3
m1!4b1!4m5!3m4!1s0x3bc2f1b719f98c4d:0xd5dfd1f2380d6e85!8m2!3d18.2825268!4d73.973492
">Torna Forts Location</center></a>
<h3><b>Location</h3><br>
The fort is about 50 km via Pabe ghat southwest of Pune in the Western Ghats of the Sahyadri
mountain ranges at the base village Velhe. One can go from Pune via Satara road and take right at
Nasarapur village. This distance is near about 65km. It is the highest fort in Pune district.<br></br>
</p>

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Forts in Pune District

<a href="Rajgad.html">
<h2><button class="button align="left">Rajgad Forts</button><br><br><br></h2>
</a>
</body>
</html>
Code of Rajgad Fort:

<html>
<head>
<title>Microproject</title>
<style>
button{
background-color:red;color:white;
float:left;
padding:15px;
}
h1,p{
background-color:white;
}

</style>
<style>
a:link{colour:red}
a:active{colour:red}
a:visited{colour:red}
</style>
</head>
<body>
<h1 align=center>Rajgad Forts</h1>
<h3><b>Rajgad Forts</b></h3>

<p>
<h4><b>Rajgad Forts</b></h4>
Rajgad (Ruling Fort) is a hill fort situated in the Pune district of Maharashtra, India.
Formerly known as Murumdev, the fort was the capital of the Maratha Empire under the

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Forts in Pune District

rule of Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj for almost 26 years, after which the capital was
moved to the Raigad Fort. Treasures discovered from an adjacent fort Torna were used
to completely build and fortify the Rajgad Fort.[citation needed]</br>
<h3><b>History</b></h4></br>
The fort has stood witness to many significant historic events including the birth of
Chhatrapati Shivaji's son "Rajaram Chhatrapati", the death of Shivaji's Queen Saibai,
the return of Shivaji from Agra, the burial of Afzal Khan's head in the Mahadarwaja
walls of Balle Killa, the strict words of Sonopant Dabir to Shivaji.[citation
needed]</br>
<img src="5.jpg" width="400" height="300"></img>
<img src="Rajgad1.jpg" width="400" height="300"></img>
<img src="Rajgad2.jpg" width="400" height="300"></img>
<img src="Rajgad3.jpg" width="400" height="300"></img>
<img src="Rajgad4.jpg" width="400" height="300"></img>
<img src="Rajgad5.jpg" width="400" height="300"></img>
<center><a
href="https://www.google.co.in/search?hs=ijV&q=images+of+rajgad+fort&tbm=isch&
source=univ&client=opera&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwiwsMm1v-
_gAhUjTY8KHU_HAXMQsAR6BAgAEAE&biw=1315&bih=645">More Images of
Rajgad Forts</a></center>
<center><a
href="https://www.google.com/maps/search/rajgad+fort+location/@18.2617916,73.617
0726,13z/data=!3m1!4b1">Rajgad Forts Location</a></center>
<br>

The Rajgad Fort was also one of the 17 forts that Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj kept
when he signed the Treaty of Purandar in 1665, with the Mughal general Jai Singh I,
leader of the Mughal forces. Under this treaty, 23 forts were handed over to the
Mughals.
</p>
<a href="Visapur.html">
<h2><button class="button align="left">Visapur Forts</button><br><br><br></h2>
</a>
</body>
</html>

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Forts in Pune District

Code of Visapur Fort:

<html>
<head>
<title>Microproject</title>
<style>
button{
background-color:red;color:white;
float:left;
padding:15px;
}
h1,p{
background-color:white;
}

</style>
<style>
a:link{colour:red}
a:active{colour:red}
a:visited{colour:red}
</style>
</head>
<body>
<h1 align=center><b>Visapur Forts</b></h1>
<h3><b>Visapur Forts</b></h3>
<p>
<h3><b>History</b></h3></br>
It was built during 1713-1720 CE by Balaji Vishwanath, the first Peshwa of Maratha Empire.
Visapur fort was built much later than Lohagad but the histories of the two forts are closely
linked.</br>

In 1818, when reducing the Peshwa's forts, the strength of Lohagad and its fame as the treasury of
the Maratha kingdom, caused the English to make special preparations for its attack. A detachment
of 380 European and 800 native soldiers, with a battering train, summoned from Konkan, were

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Forts in Pune District

joined by artillery from Chakan, and two other British battalions. On 4 March 1818, Visapur was
attacked and occupied.</br>
<img src="Visapur5.jpg" width="400" height="300"></img>
<img src="Visapur.jpg" width="400" height="300"></img>
<img src="Visapur1.jpg" width="400" height="300"></img><br>

<img src="Visapur2.jpg" width="400" height="300"></img>


<img src="Visapur3.jpg" width="400" height="300"></img>
<img src="Visapur4.jpg" width="400" height="300"></img><br>
<center><a
href="https://www.google.co.in/search?hs=OlV&q=images+of+visapur+fort&tbm=isch&source=u
niv&client=opera&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwiV4qLnv-
_gAhUCfn0KHUmYA4AQsAR6BAgEEAE&biw=1315&bih=645">More Images of Visapur
Forts</a></center>
<center><a
href="https://www.google.com/maps/place/Visapur+Fort/@18.7199046,73.4857806,17z/data=!3m
1!4b1!4m5!3m4!1s0x3bc2a9f33a03e021:0x55e8ec720b03556f!8m2!3d18.7199046!4d73.4879693"
>Visapur Forts Location</a></center>
<h3><b>Location</b></h3></br>
It is located in Pune district, 9 to 10 km from Malavli Railway station out of which 5 km is steep
road. It has an elevation of 1084 meters above sea level. It is built on the same plateau as
Lohagad.</br>

<h3><b>Major Features</b></h3>
Visapur Fort is larger and at a higher elevation than its twin fort- Lohagad. Within the fort are
caves, cisterns of water, a decorated arch and old houses. These two roofless buildings surrounded
by outer or veranda walls said to have once been Government offices. The ruins of a large stone-
built house are known as the Peshwa's palace. In addition to a huge carving of Hanuman, there are
also several temples dedicated to him scattered all over the place.</br>
</p>
<a href="Micro.html">
<h2><button class="button align="left">Main Page</button><br><br><br></h2>
</body>
</html>

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Forts in Pune District

5.0 Actual Resources Used


Name of Resource
Sr. No. /Material Specifications Qty. Remarks
Processor 3.00 GHZ,RAM 4
1 Computer System 1 Used
GB,HDD 500 GB
2 Operating System Windows 7 1 Used
3 Text editor Notepad 1 Used
4 Browser Mozilla Firefox, Google Chrome 1 Used
5 Printer HP LaserJet 1 Used

6.0 Output of Micro-Projects


Output of main Page:

Fig. 1 Main Page


Output of Shivneri Fort Page:

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Forts in Pune District

Fig. 2 Shivneri Fort Page


Output of Lohagad Fort Page:

Fig. 3 Lohagad Fort Page


Output of Purandar Fort Page:

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Forts in Pune District

Fig. 4 Purandar Fort Page


Output of Torna Fort Page:

Fig.5 Torna Fort Page

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Forts in Pune District

Output of Rajgad Fort Page:

Fig. 6 Rajgad Fort Page

Output of Visapur Fort Page:

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Forts in Pune District

Fig. 7 Visapur Fort Page

7.0 Skill Developed/ Learning outcome of this Micro-Project


a) We had known about a Team work.
b) Get information about various forts in pune districts.
c) We get knowledge about how to make various websites.
d) Also we have used different tags.

8.0 Applications of Micro-Project


1. Tourist Guidelines.
2. Students get information about various forts in pune district.

(to be Approved by the concerned teacher)

************************

Department of Computer Engineering Page 19