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NAME: Andri Clark Tudlasan GRADE & SECTION: 8 - Ixora

DATE: July 4, 2019 TEACHER’S SIGNATURE: Ms. Heike Mongaya

Laurel (Litsea glaucescens Kunth) Regeneration in the Presence of Disturbance Events:

A Case Study

The science project of the group 7 is all about Laurels or we can call in it’s scientific
name “litsea glaucescens kunth”, Litsea glaucescens is a shrub or tree growing from 3-12 meters
tall. The leaves are often harvested from the wild for local use as a flavouring, The trees are
sometimes grown in gardens for use as a flavouring and the dried leaves are often sold in local
markets, newly cut branches, covered with leaves, are much used for decorations at fiesta times,
especially for making the arches that span streets and roads, the aromatic leaves are used as a
bay-like flavouring in foods, especially soups, stews and pickles. A study was carried out in an
Abies religiosa Kunth Schltdl.Cham forest of the community of San Antonio Tecocomulco Tres
Cabezas, Municipality of Singuilucan, Hidalgo, to evaluate the resprouting ability of laurel
(Litsea glaucescens Kunth) in response to controlled burning treatments and removal of entire
stems. The number of laurel bushes, shoots, and mean plant height were evaluated, and three
treatments were applied, controlled surface burn, all sprouts cut from the base; and control
treatment. In the control, 100 percent remained alive, and shoots increased by 9.9% with a mean
height of 7.6 cm, this indicates that although surface forest fires tend to affect laurel, surviving
plants tend to emit more vigorous shoots, whereas stem removal in laurel bushes generates more
shoots, in propagation the pulp needs to be removed and the seed soaked in luke-warm water
prior to sowing, sow the seed about 1cm deep in a nursery seedbed

Studies Reveal How Dogs Process Words

The science project of the group 8 are all about dogs and how they process words, there's
a reason we call them man's best friend, we can learn so many things from a dog's behavior,
personality, demeanor, resiliency, and most importantly, the willingness to provide their family
members with unconditional love, loyalty, and companionship down to their very last breath, in
the presence of a dog, somehow, nothing else matters, a dog is handing out pure love, sparing no
expense, and asking absolutely nothing in return. There's consistency, love, and the beauty of life
at its finest. Behavioral neuroscience, also known as biological psychology, biopsychology, or
psychobiology, is the application of the principles of biology to the study of physiological,
genetic, and developmental mechanisms of behavior in humans and other animals, this is also
known as the study of the brain mechanisms underlying behaviour. This is important for
understanding how the normal brain works to support cognition, emotion and sensorimotor
function, but it is also vital if we are to understand how and why things go wrong in the brain in
various different neurological and psychiatric disorders, it's always been very important to me to
tell my pups how amazing they are, even though my brother insists they have no idea what I'm
saying, I always swear they can understand, on some level, the love that I'm trying to
communicate to them. And, while I'll admit there's no way to know exactly how much they
understand me, according to a new study, I'm definitely not wasting my breath when I tell my
dogs how much I love them.

Putting Equity first in Climate Adaption

The rationale for policies that promote equity is that economic and social class
advantages tend to accumulate and self-perpetuate. It is widely known and confirmed by research
study after research study that children's performance in school and on standardized tests is
strongly correlated with family income and maternal education .Equality is the effect of treating
each as without difference; each individual is considered without the counting of their
measurable attributes; treated as the same of those with differing attributes. While Equity refers
to fairness and equality in outcomes, not just in supports and opportunity. Adaptation must be
equitable. Policymakers must put the needs of the most vulnerable first, they should align
development and climate policies and actions from local to global scales, and supply public
information about risks and solutions., scientists must elucidate links between poverty, risk and
loss to allow global targets to be reset.

Agricultural expansion as risk to endangered wildlife: Pesticide exposure in wild


chimpanzees and baboons displaying facial dysplasia

At least 10% of the Sebitoli chimpanzee community of the Kibale National Park
(Uganda) present a characteristic facial phenotype with flattened nose, reduced nostrils, and
concave mid-face. Affected individuals do not present skin lesions, and also young infants are
affected. We suggest, therefore, a congenital origin of this defect. Prenatal exposure to
environmental endocrine disruptors can affect development and induce
irreversible abnormalities in both humans and wildlife. The northern part of Kibale National
Park, a mid-altitude rainforest in western Uganda, is largely surrounded by industrial
tea plantations and wildlife using this area (Sebitoli) must cope with proximity to human
populations and their activities. The chimpanzees and baboons in this area raid crops (primarily
maize) in neighboring gardens. Sixteen young individuals of the 66 chimpanzees monitored
(25%) exhibit abnormalities including reduced nostrils, cleft lip, limb deformities, reproductive
problems and hypopigmentation. Each pathology could have a congenital component, potentially
exacerbated by environmental factors. In addition, at least six of 35 photographed baboons from
a Sebitoli troop (17%) have similar severe nasal deformities. Our inquiries in villages and tea
factories near Sebitoli revealed use of eight pesticides (glyphosate, cypermethrin, profenofos,
mancozeb, metalaxyl, dimethoate, chlorpyrifos and 2,4-D amine). Chemical analysis of samples
collected from 2014 to 2016 showed that mean levels of pesticides in fresh maize stems and
seeds, soils, and river sediments in the vicinity of the chimpanzee territory exceed recommended
limits.

Men and Mice Relating Their Ages

Mice are widely used models for both aging and senescence because of their similarity to
humans, these two terms, though often used interchangeably, are not the same. Aging refers to
biological change with time across the lifespan, which also includes developmental milestones in
childhood and adolescence, however, senescence refers to normal progressive impairments in
function that occur with age, age-related disease refers to health conditions for which the
incidence increases with age, such as cancer, heart disease, arthritis, osteoporosis, and cognitive
decline. Many of these conditions are modelled in mice, prompting questions about how the life
history of mice correlates with humans, mice ranging from 18 - 24 months of age correlate with
humans ranging from 56 - 69 years of age. This age range meets the definition of “old,” which is
the presence of senescent changes in almost all biomarkers in all animals. For C57BL/6J mice,
the upper limit for this group is ~24 months, when the onset of strain-specific diseases can affect
biomarkers and produce misleading results. With advanced age, necropsies and pathologic
assessment become essential for accurate interpretation of data. Many of the histological lesions
associated with aging are quite apparent by 24 months. Mice over 24 months of age can be
considered “very old” and survivorship drops off markedly.

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