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Present Status and Future Scope of

Horticulture in Pakistan
Introduction: Horticulture is a science of studying
garden plants. The world Horticulture is derived from
two Latin words 'Hortus' means 'garden' and 'Culture'
means 'knowledge of growing crops'. Horticulture is an
aesthetic science that deals with the important crops
which are grown in the gardens e.g. vegetable crops in
vegetable garden, fruit crops in fruit orchards.
Horticulture is a branch of agriculture and it plays an
important role in Pakistan's economy. Horticulture has a
great share in earning the foreign exchange for the
country. According to ''Pakistan Bureau of Statistics'
agriculture has 19.8% share on Gross Domestic
Product. Horticultural corps are very important for
humans. They play an important role in making a
balanced diet. Production, processing and marketing of
ornamental flowers, medicinal herbs and mushroom
farming are also included in horticulture cropping.
There is a need to improve this field to fulfill the basic
necessities of human life especially dietary needs and to
overcome a global problem of malnutrition.
Present Status: As we know that horticulture is a broad
field of agriculture. If we talk about present status then
it is very important thing that 42.3% of total work force
of our country is related to it. This shows the present
scope and importance of agriculture and its important
field horticulture. The total number of orchards in
Pakistan is about 328,400.The statistics are as:
The number of orchards within l acre of land is
111.5 x 103;
The orchards within 1 to 5 acres are 173 x 103;
The orchards within the size of 5 to 25 acres
constitute of 40 x 103 and v) 50 and above 1.5 x
103. [Source: Pakistan Bureau of Statistics, 2002]
If we talk about ornamental flowers then this thing
is of supreme importance that the availability of flowers
and ornamental plants has recently increased with
change in crop production priorities and rise in living
standards. The availability of pick flowers of Red Rose
and Marigold in use since ages for garlands has
increased manifold. Additionally, cut flowers for
flowers arrangements have sprung up in market due to
demand pull by the local consumers. The demand for
long stem roses, tube roses, gladioli has tremendously
increased.
For determining the present status there is some
information is given about fruits produced in Pakistan.
First of all we will share information about that
fruit for which Pakistan is well known throughout the
world. Mangoes (Mangifera indica): Mangoes have
always been a favorite fruit due to its rich taste, as it is
very juicy and pulpy. In Pakistan, mangoes are
cultivated in a large amount and are found in a variety
in our country. Pakistan exports a large amount of
mangoes to many countries. Mangoes in Pakistan are
produced in Saraiki Belt, Multan and Sahiwal. Among
all species Sindhri mangoes have gained a significant
importance. Sindhri mango is a leading variety of Sindh
province of Pakistan and is found in abundance there.
These mangoes are originated from Mir Pur Khaas that
is in Sindh. Punjab contributes 67% whereas Sindh
shares 32% to total production.
Apple (Pyrus mallus): With 13 lac 35 thousand tons of
Apple production, Pakistan is world’s 10th largest
country. World’s production is 50 Lac tons in which
Belgium, France, Italy, America and Chilly are
prominent. Baluchistan is the key contributor of Apple
production in Pakistan while KPK stands on second
number with contributing 25 percent of national Apple
growth. Apple production normally starts in December
and January but few farmers also seed in monsoon
weather.
Banana (Musa sapientum): Banana is a major fruit
crop of Pakistan. It is grown on 34,800 hectares with
production of 154,800 tons. It is mainly grown in Sindh
province where the soil and climatic conditions are
favorable for its successful cultivation. The total share
of Sindh province alone in its cultivation is 87 percent.
Major districts in Sindh where banana is grown are
Thatta, Hyderabad, Badin, Mirpurkhas, Tando Allahyar,
Matiari, Tando Muhammad Khan, Sangar, Naushero
Feroz, and Nawabshah.
Potatoes (Solanum tuberosum): Potato is an important
crop for both farmers and consumers in Pakistan. Potato
requirements of the country are estimated to be around
3 million tonnes per annum. This year the country is
expected to have a record production of over 3.7 million
tons. An estimated 300,000 tonnes of the last year’s
stocked potato has been offloaded to the wholesale
market. [Source: Ministry of National Food Security and Research]
Future Scope: There are many factors which will
determine the future scope of horticulture in Pakistan.
As we know that Pakistan is an agricultural country and
we can hope that future scope of horticulture in
Pakistan would be more and better. There are many
problems with our today's horticultural world and there
is a strong need to eradicate these issues for much better
future world of horticulture. Some of the problems are
enlisted below:
 Diversity and specificity require expertise
 Require specialized storage and shipping facilities
 Lack of trained horticulturists
 Require relatively expensive inputs
 Lack of marketing system
 High percentage of post-harvest losses
 Irrigation facilities are not adequate
 Low productivity whereas the production cost is
high
 Lack of transport facilities especially in rural areas
 Postharvest losses are very much
 Lack of infrastructure to support technology
development, education and training
For the purpose of resolving the problems due to which
this field is lacking behind some recommendations are
given:
 Land for the establishment and expansion of
nurseries
 Infrastructure development and equipment
 Cold storage facilities
 Packaging and other associated facilities
 Seed policies to facilitate the importation of hybrid
seeds of horticultural crops
 Setting up of a regional information network
 Appropriate handling of horticultural items at
airport and seaport
 Establishment of modern wholesale markets for
fruits, vegetables and flowers
We have discussed the important issues tried to give the
solutions of them; which will mainly determine the
future of horticulture in Pakistan.