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Prof Ed : Part 7

1. With a death threat over her head, Teacher Donita is directed to pass an undeserving student. What will a utilitarianist do?
a. Pass the student, why suffer the threat?
b. Pass the student. That will be of use to the student, his parents and you
c. Don’t pass him; live by your principle of justice. You will get reward, if not in this life, in the next
d. Don’t pass him. You surely will not like someone to give you a death threat in order to pass

2. Teacher Alessandra knows of the illegal activities of a neighbor but keeps quiet in order not to be involved in any investigation.
Which foundational principle of morality does Teacher Alessandra fail to apply?
a. Always do what is right
b. The end does not justify the means
c. The end justifies the means
d. Between two evils, do the lesser evil

3. You are very much interested in a quality professional development program for teachers. What characteristic should you look for?
a. Prescribe by top educational teachers
b. Responsive to identified teacher’s needs
c. Dependent on the availability of funds
d. Required for renewal of professional license

4. To ensure high standards of teachers’ personal and professional development, which of the following measures must be
implemented?
I. A school head plans the professional development of his/her teachers.
II. Every teacher formulates his/her own professional development plan.
III. The implementation of what is learned in training must be monitored.
a. I only c. II and III
b. I and III d. II only

5. As a community leader, which of the following should a teacher not do?


a. Solicit donation from philanthropists in the community
b. Support effort of the community to improve their status in life
c. Make herself aloof to ensure that her decisions will not be influenced by the community politics
d. Play an active part in the activities of the community

6. In a highly pluralistic society, what type of learning environment is the responsibility of the teacher?
I. Safe II. Gender-biased III. Secure
a. I and II c. II only
b. I, II and III d. I and III

7. A teacher is said to be “trustee of the cultural and educational heritage of the nation and is under obligation
to transmit to learners such heritage”. Which practice makes the teacher fulfill such obligation?
a. Use interactive teaching strategies
b. As a class, study the life of Filipino heroes
c. Use the latest educational technology
d. Observe continuing professional education

8. Large class size in congested cities is a common problem in our public schools. Which measure/s have
schools taken to offset the effects of large class?
I. The deployment of more teachers
II. The implementation of 1:1 pupil textbook ratio
III. The conduct of morning and afternoon sessions

a. I, II and III c. III only


b. I and II d. II only

9. The failure of independent study with most Filipino students may be attributed to students’?
a. Unpreparedness for schooling c. High degree of independence
b. Ambivalence d. High degree of independence on authority
10. The following are characteristics of interdisciplinary teaching except:
a. Allows learners to see connectedness between things c. Eliminates boundaries between content area
b. Provides learning opportunities in a real-world context d. Discussion from a single perspective

11. For more efficient and effective management of school as agents of change, one proposal is for the DepEd to cluster remote stand-
alone schools under one lead school head. Which factor has the strongest influence on this proposal?
a. Psychological c. Geographical
b. Historical d. Social

12. What does the acronym EFA imply for schools?


a. The acceptance of exclusive schools for boys and for girls
b. The stress on the superiority of formal education over that of alternative learning system
c. Practice of inclusive education
d. The concentration on formal education system

13. The wide acceptance of “bottom up” management style has influenced schools to practice which management practice?
a. Exclusion of politicians from the pool of guest speakers during graduation exercises
b. Prescription of what ought to be done from the Center Office
c. Involvement of students, parents, teachers, and community in school planning
d. Allowing schools to do what they think is best

14. Material development at the expense of human development points to the need to do more in school. This is base on which pillar
of learning?
a. Learning to do c. Learning to live together
b. Learning to know d. Learning to be

15. The schooling incidents in school campuses abroad have made school to rethink the curriculum. Which is believed to counteract
such incidents and so is being introduced in schools?
I. Inclusion of socio-emotional teaching
II. The emphasis on the concept of competition against self and not against others
III. Focus on academic achievement and productivity

a. I and III c. I and II


b. II and III d. I, II and III

16. The specialization requires of every professional teacher for him/her to be competent is in line with which pillar of learning?
a. Learning to know c. Learning to live together
b. Learning to be d. Learning to do

17. Widespread abuse of Mother Earth prompted schools to teach sustainable development. Which one does this prove about
schools?
a. The curricula of schools are centered on Mother Earth
b. Environment factors influence the school as an agent of change
c. Schools can easily integrate sustained development in their curriculum
d. Sustained development cannot be effectively taught in the classroom

18. Which pillar of learning is aimed at the holistic development of man and his complete fulfillment?
a. Learning to live together c. Learning to know
b. Learning to be d. Learning to do

19. A father tells his daughter “You are a woman. You are meant for the home and so for you, going to school is not necessary.” Is the
father correct?

a. It depends on the place where the daughter and the father live
b. No, there is gender equality in education
c. Yes, women are meant to be a mother only
d. No, today women can take on the jobs of men
20. Is there a legal basis for increasing the teacher’s starting salary to PHP18,000 a months?

a. No, it is a gift to teachers from Congress


b. Yes, R.A 7836
c. Yes, the Philippine Constitution
d. No, it is simply an act of benevolence from President GMA

21. As provided for the Educational Act of 1982, how are the institutions of learning encouraged setting higher standards of equality
over the minimum standards required for state recognition?

a. Voluntary accreditation
b. Continuing Professional Education
c. Granting of Special Permit
d. Academic freedom

22. Despite of opposition from some school official, DepEd has continuously enforced the “no collection of fees” policy during
enrolment period in public schools. In this policy in accordance with EFA goals?

a. No, it violates the mandate of equality education


b. Yes, it somewhat eliminates gender disparities
c. Yes, it supports equitable access to basic education
d. No, it does not support parent of adult education

23. “Specialization is knowing more and more about less and less.” Hence, it is better to be a generalist, claims Teacher Fonda. Which
Philosophy does Teacher Fonda subscribe to?
a. Existentialism c. Essentialism
b. Perennialism d. Progressivism

24. Mencius believed that all people are born good. This thought on the innate goodness of people makes it easier to ________ our
pupils.
a. teach c. like
b. respect d. motivate

25. A student complains to you about his failing grade. When you recomputed you found out that you committed an error in his grade
computation. Your decision is not to accept the erroneous computation before the student and so leave the failing grade as is for fear
that you may lose credibility. Is this morally right?

a. No, the reason for not accepting the error before the students is flimsy
b. No, the end does not justify the means
c. Yes, the end justifies the means
d. Yes, as a teacher you must maintain your credibility

26. Which violate(s) the principle of respect?

I. Teacher Ana tells her students that what Teacher Beth taught is wrong.
II. To retaliate, Teacher Beth advises students not to enroll in Teacher Ana’s class.
III. Teacher Catherine secretly gives way to a special favor (e.g. add 2 points to grade) requested by student Alex who is vying
for honors.

a. II and III c. I and II


b. I, II and III d. I and III

27. Which is/are in accordance with the principle of pedagogical competence?


I. Communication of objectives of the course to student.
II. Awareness of alternative instruction strategies.
III. Selection of appropriate methods of instruction.
a. I and III c. III only
b. I, II and III d. II and III
28. To earn units for promotion, Teacher Flora pays her fee but does not attend class at all. Does this constitute professional growth?
a. Not immediately but yes after promotion
b. No, it is simply earning MA units for promotion
c. It depends on the school she is enrolled in
d. Yes, just enrolling in an MA program is already professional growth

29. If Teacher Analiza asks more higher-order questions, she has to ask more ________ questions.
a. fact c. convergent
b. close d. concept

30. Misdemeanor has a “ripple effect.” This implies that as a classroom manager, a teacher:
a. reinforces positive behavior
b. responds to misbehavior promptly
c. is consistent in her classroom management practice
d. count 1 to 10 before she deals with a misbehaving student

31. Based on Edgar Dale’s “Cone of Experience,” which activity is farthest from the real thing?
a. Watching demo c. Video disc
b. Attending exhibit d. Viewing images

32. The students of Teacher Yue scan an electronic encyclopedia, view a film on subject, or look at related topics at the touch of a
button right there in the classroom. Which device/s does teacher Yue’s class have?
a. Teaching machines
b. CD
c. Video disc
d. Videotaped lesson

33. Which is an inappropriate way to manage off-task behavior?


a. Redirect a child’s attention to task and check his progress to make sure he is continuing work
b. Stop your class activity to correct a child who is no longer on task
c. Make eye contact to communicate what you wish to communicate
d. Move closer to the child to make him feel your presence

34. When Teacher Pearl tries to elicit clarification on a student response or solicits additional information, which of these should be
use?
a. Directing c. Structuring
b. Probing d. Cross examining

35. Which priority criterion should guide a teacher in the choice of instructional devices?
a. Novelty c. Attractiveness
b. Cost d. Appropriateness

36. Which learning activity is most appropriate if a teacher’s focus is attitudinal change?
a. Fieldtrip c. Role play
b. Exhibit d. Game

37. Teacher Hannah strives to draw participation of every student into her classroom discussion. Which of these student needs is she
trying to address? The need to _______.
a. feel significant and be part of a group c. get everything and be part of a group
b. show one’s oral abilities to the rest of the class d. be creative
38. To be an effective classroom manager, a teacher must be friendly but must at the same time be _________.
a. confident c. analytical
b. business-like d. buddy-buddy

39. Which software is needed when one wants to perform automatic calculations on numerical data?
a. Database c. Microsoft Word
b. Spreadsheet Program d. Microsoft Powerpoint
40. Which of the following questions must be considered in evaluating teacher-made materials?
a. In the material new? c. Is the material expensive?
b. Does the material simulate individualism? d. Is the material cheap?

41. Kounin claims that “with-it-ness” is one of the characteristics of an effective classroom manager. What is one sign of “with-it-
ness”?
a. Giving attention to students who are having difficulty with school work
b. Aware of what’s happening in all parts of the classroom
c. Seeing only a portion of the class but intensively
d. Knowing where instructional materials are kept

42. Which of these is one of the ways by which the internet enables people to browse documents connected by hypertext links?
a. URL c. Welcome page
b. Browser d. World Wide Web

43. Which characteristics must be primarily considered as a choice of instructional aides?


a. Stimulate and maintain students interests
b. Suited to the lesson objectives
c. Updated and relevant to Filipino setting
d. New and skillfully made

44. You can exhibit referent power on the first day of school by __________.
a. telling them the importance of good grades
b. giving your students a sense of belongingness and acceptance
c. making them feel you know what you are talking about
d. reminding your students your authority over them again and again

45. I would like to use a model to emphasize particular part. Which of these would be most appropriate?
a. Regalia c. Stimulation
b. Audio recording d. Mock up

46. What must Teacher Luke do to ensure orderly transitions between activities?
a. Have the materials ready at the start of the activity
b. Allow time for the students to socialize in between activities
c. Assign fewer exercise to fill the allotted time
d. Wait for students who lag behind

47. The task of setting up routine activities for effective classroom management is a task that a teacher should undertake:
a. as soon as the students have adjusted to their schedules
b. on the very first day of school
c. every day at the start of the session
d. every homeroom day

48. What principle is violated by overusing the chalkboard, as though it is the only education technology available?
a. Isolated use c. Variety
b. Flexibility d. Uniformity

49. Teacher Sandra uses the low-profile classroom control technique most of the time. What does this imply?
a. She is reactive in her disciplinary orientation c. She reacts severely to a misbehaving student
b. She manages pupils personalities d. She stops misbehaving without disrupting lesson flow

50. If curriculum is designed following the traditional approach, which feature(s) apply(ies)?
I. The aims of the curriculum are set by professionals and experts.
II. Interested groups (teachers, students, communities) are assumed to agree with the aims of the curriculum.
III. Consensus building in not necessary.
a. III only c. I and II
b. I, II and III d. I and II
Prof Ed : Part 8

1. If you make use of the indirect instruction method, you begin your lesson with:
a. Guided practice
b. A review of previous day’s work
c. Advance organizers that provide an overall picture of the lesson
d. Independent

2. One’s approach to teaching is influenced by Howard Gardner’s MI Theory. What is he/she challenged to do?
I. To come up with 9 different ways of approaching lesson to cater to the 9 multiple intelligence
II. To develop all student’s skill in all nine intelligences
III. To provide worthwhile activities that acknowledge individual difference in children
a. I, II and III c. II only
b. II and III d. III only

3. If my approach to my lesson is behaviorist, what features will dominate my lesson?


I. Copying notes II. Reasoning III. Lecturing IV. Demonstration
a. III, IV c. I, II, III, IV
b. I, III, IV d. II, III, IV

4. You practice inclusive education. Which of these applies to you?


I. You accept every student as full and valued member of the class and school community
II. Your special attention is on learners with specific learning or social needs
III. Your address the needs of the class as a whole within the context of the learners with specific learning or social needs
a. II only c. I only
b. I and II d. I and III

5. School curriculum reflects the world’s economic and political integration and industrialization. What does these points in curriculum
development?
a. The trend towards the classical approach to curriculum development
b. The trend towards the globalization and localization
c. The trend towards participatory curriculum development
d. The shift in the paradigm of curriculum development from a process-oriented to a product-oriented one

6. You choose cooperative learning as a teaching approach. What thought is impressed on your students?
a. Interaction is a must, but not necessarily face to-face interaction
b. Student’s success depends on the success of the group
c. Student’s individuality evaluates how effectively their group worked
d. The accountability for learning is on the group not on the individual

7. Which statement applies correctly to Edgar Dale’s “Cone of Experience”?


a. The farther you are from the base, the more direct the learning experience becomes
b. The farther you are from the bottom, the more direct the learning experience becomes
c. The closer you are from the base, the more indirect the learning experience becomes
d. The closer you are from the base, the more direct the learning experience becomes

8. “When more senses are stimulated, teaching and learning become more effective.” What is an application of this principle?
a. Appeal to student’s sense of imagination
b. Use multisensory aids
c. Make your students touch the instructional material
d. Use audiovisual aids because the eyes and the ears are the most important senses in learning

9. Which is a classroom application of the theory of “operant conditioning”?


a. Help student see the connectedness of facts, concepts, and principles
b. Create a classroom atmosphere that elicits relaxation
c. Reinforce a good behavior to increase the likelihood that the learner will repeat the response
d. Make students learn by operating manipulatively
10. Read the following teacher-student situation. TEACHER: Why is the process called photosynthesis? STUDENT: I don’t know.
Which questioning technique should be the teacher be using?
a. Clarification c. Prompting
b. Multiple response d. Concept review

11. Here is the test item “From the data presented in the table, form generalizations that are supported by the data”. Under what
type of question does this item fall?
a. Convergent c. Application
b. Evaluative d. Divergent

12. I want to teach concepts, patterns and abstractions. Which method will be most appropriate?
a. Discovery c. Direct instruction
b. Indirect instruction d. Problem solving

13. Teacher Atilla teaches English as a Second Language. She uses vocabulary cards, fill-in-the-blanks sentences, dialogues, dictation
and writing exercises in teaching a lesson about grocery shopping. Based on this information, which of the following is a valid
conclusion?
a. The teacher wants to make her teaching easier by having less talk
b. The teacher emphasizing reading and writing skills
c. The teacher is applying Bloom’s hierarchy of cognitive learning
d. The teacher is teaching in a variety of ways because not all students learn in the same manner

14. Teacher Georgina, an experienced teacher, does daily review of past lessons in order to:
a. introduce a new lesson c. provide her pupils with a sense of continuity
b. reflect on how she presented the previous lessons d. determine who among her pupils are studying

15. I combined several subject areas in order to focus on a single concept for interdisciplinary teaching. Which strategy did I use?
a. Reading-writing activity c. Unit method
b. Thematic introduction d. Problem-centered learning

16. To teach the democratic process to the pupils, Batongmalaki Elementary School decided that the election of class officers shall be
patterned after local elections. There are qualifications set for candidates, limited period for campaign and rules for posting campaign
materials, etc. Which of the following did the school use?
a. Symposium c. Pole playing
b. Simulation d. Philips 66

17. Which among the following are effective methods in teaching student critical reading skills?
I. Interpret editorial
II. Read and interpret three different movie reviews
III. Read a position paper and deduce underlying assumptions of the position papers
a. II and III c. I and II
b. I and III d. I, II and III

18. Here is a test item: “The improvement of basic education should be the top priority of the Philippine government. Defend or refute
this position.” Under what type of question does this test item fall?
a. Low-level c. Analysis
b. Evaluative d. Convergent

19. When I teach, I often engage in brainstorming. Which do I avoid?


a. Break down barriers c. Increase creativity
b. Selectively involves pupils d. Generate many ideas

20. Teacher Sammy teaches a lesson in which students must recognize that ¼ is the same as 0.25. He use this relationship to determine
that 0.15 and 0.20 are slightly less than ¼. Which of the following concept/s is/are being taught?
a. Numeration skills of decimals and relationships between fractions and decimals
b. Numeration skills
c. Place value of decimals
d. Relationship between fraction and decimals
21. What is the best way to develop math concept?
a. Solving problems using multiple approaches
b. Solving problems by looking for correct answer
c. Learning math as applied to situations, such as being a tool of science
d. Solving problems by applying learned formulas

22. After the reading of a selection in the class, which of these activities can enhance students’ creativity?
I. Reader’s theater II. Reading aloud III. Silent reading

a. I and II c. I only
b. II only d. III only

23. Teacher Carlo, a Reading teacher, advised the class to “read between the lines”. What does she want his pupils to do?
a. Determine what is meant by what is stated c. Apply the information being read
b. Make an educated guess d. Describe the characters in the story

24. To nurture students’ creativity, which activity should a teacher avoid?


a. Ask “What if…” questions c. Ask divergent thinking questions
b. Emphasize the need to give right answers d. Be open to “out-of-this-world” idea

25. Teacher Rodel wants to develop his students’ creativity. Which type of questions will be most appropriate?
a. Synthesis questions c. “What if…” questions
b. Fact questions d. Analysis question

26. Floramay enjoyed the roller coaster when she and her family went to Disneyland. The mere sight of a roller coaster gets her excited.
Which theory explains Floramay’s behavior?
a. Operant conditioning c. Social learning theory
b. Pavlovian conditioning d. Attribution theory

27. According to Freud, with which should one be concerned if he/she has to develop in the students a correct sense of right and
wrong?
I. Super-ego II. Ego III. Id
a. I and II c. I
b. II d. III

28. When small children call animals “dog”, what process is illustrated on Piaget’s cognitive development theory?
a. Reversion c. Accommodation
b. Assimilation d. Conservation

29. Researchers found that when a child is engaged in a learning experience a number of areas of the brain are simultaneously
activated. Which of the following is/are implication/s of this research finding?
I. Make use of field trips and guest speakers
II. Do multicultural units of study
III. Stick to the “left brain and right brain” approach

a. I and III c. I and II


b. I only d. II only

30. My problem is there are too many topics to cover and I may not able to finish before classes end in March. Which approach when
used can help solve my problem?
a. Thematic c. Experimental approach
b. Constructive d. Direct instruction

31. You want your students to answer the questions at the end of a reading lesson. “What did I learn?”, “What still puzzles me?”,
“What did I enjoy, hate and accomplish in the class today?” and “How did I learn from the lesson?”.Which of the following are you
asking them to do?
a. Work on an assignment c. Work on a drill
b. Make journal entry d. Apply what they learned
32. William Glasser’s control theory states that behavior is inspired by what satisfies a person want at any given time. What then must
a teacher do to motivate students to learn?
a. Make schoolwork relevant to students’ basic human needs c. Avoid giving assignments
b. Make teaching-leaning interactive d. Organize a curriculum in a spiral manner

33. Nadia exhibit fear response to freely roaming dogs but does not show fear when a dog is on a leash or confined to a pen. Which
conditioning process is illustrated?
a. Extinction c. Acquisition
b. Generalization d. Discrimination

34. Based on Freud’s theory, which operate/s when a student strikes a classmate at the height of anger
a. Ego c. Id and Ego interact
b. Id d. Superego

35. After reading an essay. Teacher Beatrice wants to help sharpen her students’ ability to interpret. Which of these activities will be
most appropriate?
a. Drawing conclusions c. Getting the main idea
b. Making inferences d. Listing facts separately from opinion

36. Read the following then answer the question. A man and his son are driving in a car. The car crashes into a tree, killing the father
and seriously injury his son. At the hospital, the boy needs to have surgery. Looking at the boy, the doctor says (telling the truth), “I
cannot operate on him. He is my son. How can this be? ANSWER: The doctor is the boy’s mother. The above brain twister helps develop
critical reading skills. Which activity was used?
a. Comparing c. Inferring meaning
b. Classifying d. Looking for cause and effect

37. Research says that mastery experiences increase confidence and willingness to try similar or more challenging tasks as reading.
What does this imply for children’s reading performance?

a. Children who have not mastered the basic skills are more likely to be motivated to read in order to gain mastery over basic skills
b. Children who have mastered basic skills are more likely to be less motivated to read because they get fed up with too much reading
c. Children who have gained mastery over basic skills are more motivated to read
d. Children who have a high sense of self-confidence are not necessarily those who can read

38. The value that students put on reading is critical to their success. In what way/s can teachers inculcate his value for reading?
I. Sharing the excitement of read-aloud
II. Showing their passion for reading
III. Being rewarded to demonstrate the value of reading
a. II and III c. I, II and III
b. I and II d. II only

39. Bruner’s theory on intellectual development moves from enactive to iconic and symbolic stages. Applying Bruner’s theory. How
would you teach?
a. Be interactive in approach c. Begin with the concrete
b. Begin with the abstract d. Do direct instruction

40. A person who has painful experiences at the dentist’s office may become fearful at the mere sight of the dentist’s office building.
Which theory can explain this?
a. Generalization c. Attribution theory
b. Operant Conditioning d. Classical conditioning

41. Which is/are the basic assumption/s of behaviorists?


I. The mind of newborn child is a blank state
II. All behaviors are determined by environmental events
III. The child has a certain degree of freedom not to allow himself to be shaped by his environment
a. III only c. II only
b. I and II d. I and III
42. If a student is encourage to develop himself to the fullest and must satisfy his hierarchy of needs, the highest needs to satisfy
according to Maslow is ________.
a. Psychological need c. Belongingness
b. Self-actualization d. Safety needs

43. In a Social Studies class. Teacher Ina presents a morally ambiguous situation and asks student what they would do. On whose
theory is Teacher Ina’s technique based?
a. Bandura c. Kohlberg
b. Piaget d. Bruner

44. Teacher Violy is convinced that whenever a student performs a desired behavior, provide reinforcement and soon the student
learns to perform the behavior on his own. On which principle is Teacher Violy’s conviction based?
a. Environmentalism c. Cognitivism
b. Behaviorism d. Constructivism

45. In Bandura’s social learning theory, it states that children often imitate those who:
I. have substantial influence over their lives III. belong to other race
II. belong their peer group IV. are successful and seem admired

a. IV only c. I and II
b. I and IV d. II and IV

46. According to Erikson, what years are critical for the development of self-confidence?
a. High school years c. College years
b. Elementary school years d. Preschool years

47. Which of the following does not describe the development of children aged 11 to 13?

a. They exhibit increased objectivity in thinking


b. Sex difference in IQ become more evident
c. They shift from impulsivity to adaptive ability
d. They show abstract thinking and judgment

48. Teacher Henry begins a lesson on tumbling, demonstrating front and back somersaults in slow motion and physically guiding his
students through the correct movements. As his students become more skillful, he stands back from the man and gives verbal feedback
about how to improve. With Vygotsky’s theory in mind, what did Teacher Henry do?

a. Apprenticeship c. Peer interaction


b. Guided participation d. Scaffolding

49. What does Gagne’s hierarchy theory propose for effective instruction?
a. Be concerned with the socio-emotional climate in the classroom
b. Sequence instruction
c. Teach beginning with the concrete
d. Reward good behavior

50. Which appropriate teaching practice flows from this research finding on the brain: “The brain’s emotional center is tied into its
ability to learn”.

a. Establish the discipline of being judgmental in attitude


b. Come up with highly competitive games where winners will feel happy
c. Create a learning environment that encourages students to explore their feeling and ideas freely
d. Tell the students to participate in class activities or else won’t receive plus points in class recitation