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FATIMA JINNAH WOMEN UNIVERSITY

Department Of Software Engineering

LAB 2
Summary

Items Description
Course Title Computer Communication and Networks
Lab Title Intro to Packet Tracer
Duration 3 Hours
Two Pentium IV Computers with Network adapters , Switch,
Cross over Cat5 Ethernet Cable/ Straight Cat5 Ethernet cable ,
Operating System
Two Laptops with wireless adapters
/Tool/Language
Windows XP installed on both Computer Systems, Windows 7
on laptops
Enabling students to setup a basic LAN environment.
Objective
Enabling students to setup a basic Adhoc network.

A. Configure Develop Basic LAN infrastructure.


B. Implement Basic LAN Infrastructure on Packet Tracer
How to connect two computers via LAN:
How to connect two computers in Windows XP. This will let you share files and folders, printers,
play network games, etc...
Steps:
1. Connect the two computers together either with a Crossover cable or a Hub/Switch to the
Ethernet card in your computer.
2. Set the IP address on both computers. Go to Start > Control Panel > Network Connections
(choose switch to classic view if you cannot see network connections)
3. Look for your Local Area Connection Ethernet adapter, right-click and choose properties.
4. Select Internet Protocol TCP/IP and choose properties. Setup the IP as 192.168.1.1 and the
subnet mask of 255.255.255.0 on the first computer and 192.168.1.2 on the second with the
same subnet mask.
5. Choose OK then OK/close again.
Tips:
1. To share your files, right click on any folder and choose Sharing to make them shared.
2. You can also do this with your printers to be able to print from one computer while the
printer is connected to the other.
Things you’ll need:
FATIMA JINNAH WOMEN UNIVERSITY
Department Of Software Engineering

6. A Crossover cable. This Cat5 Ethernet Cable that the wires have been switched
around to allow two computers only to talk to each other.
7. OR, you can purchase a switch/hub with two Standard "Straight-Through" Ethernet Cables.
8. Check to see if your computer has an Ethernet Adapter in the back of the computer. Most
new computers have this. You can tell by the documentation from the computer or by looking
at the back of the computer. It looks like a phone jack, but larger.

Task1:
What is Difference between Straight Through & Cross-over cables?
Answer:When you connect two devices of different types together, you use a
straight through cable. When you connect two devices of the same type together,
you use a crossover cable.

Task2:
Implement LAN environment on Cisco Packet Tracer.
FATIMA JINNAH WOMEN UNIVERSITY
Department Of Software Engineering

Assignment:
Study Seven Layers of OSI