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MidTerm Exam

Course: Linear Algebra (L2)


Instructor: Muhammad Imtiaz
Time: 75 minutes (First 5 minutes are for reading)
Date: March 6, 2019

ID (just the digits):

Instructions (Yes reading them is required)

1. Do all the questions. There are 5 questions in this exam


2. Write your answers on the question paper. All working should be shown on the exam
paper. If you want extra paper for your working, please ask
3. The weightage of the exam is 20%

4. You must not start answering the questions before 08:35


5. It is mandatory that you use the given empty space first for each question. If extra space
is required, continue your working at the back of the booklet, and make sure that you
mention the page number near the question
6. Mark distribution is as follows:

Marks
Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Q5 Total
10 12 10 10 8 50

1
Questions

1. You are given three planes in four dimensional space of the form u + v + w + z = 6, u + w + z = 4,
and u + w = 2

(a) Write the given problem in form A~x = ~b (3 marks)

(b) Describe the intersection of three planes (3 marks)

(c) Find a fourth equation that leaves us with no solution (2 marks)

(d) What happens if the fourth plane u = 1 is included? (2 marks)

2
3
2. Write down the 3 by 3 matrices that produce these elimination steps:

• E21 subtracts 5 times row 1 from row 2 (2 marks)

• E31 subtracts -3 times row 1 from row 2 (2 marks)

• E32 subtracts 7 times row 2 from row 3 (2 marks)

• P exchanges rows 1 and 2, then rows 2 and 3 (2 marks)

Write down a possible matrix A such that when we apply the above elementary matrices
E32 , E31 , E21 , we get an upper triangular matrix U i.e. E32 E31 E21 A = U (4 marks)

4
5
 
3
1
3. Suppose that the general solution to A~x =  2
 is
−1
   
5 e
 11  π 
  + t 
−9 1
7 0

(a) Write the reduced row echelon form R for this system? (4 marks)

(b) What are the dimensions for C(AT ), N (A), and N (AT ? (4 marks)
 
0
(c) A~x = 1 is solvable. True, false, or not enough information. Give your reasons (2
0
marks)

6
7
4. You are given the following matrix.
 
1 2 0 1
A = 0 1 1 0
1 2 0 2

(a) Find the dimension and the basis for the four fundamental subspaces (column space, row
space, nullspace and left nullspace) for A (5 marks)

(b) Sketch the big picture of the four fundamental subspaces. Your sketch should include basis
for each of the subspaces, and the area of each rectangle should be proportionate to the
size of the space (5 marks)

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5. Find the basis for each of the following subspaces

(a) All 2 × 2 matrices with trace equals to 0.  The trace of a 2 × 2 matrix is defined as
1 2
tr(A) = a11 + a22 . For example if A = , then the trace of A = tr(A) = 5 (5 marks)
3 4

dy
(b) Quadratic functions which satisfy dx = 0. Sketch the bases (3 marks)
x=0

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11
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