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1.

Average rainfall per year: 2400 mm


2. Law governing the ownership, appropriation, utilization, conservation and protection of water
resources WATER CODE OF THE PHILIPPINES (1976)
3. Provides the management guidelines on the protection and improvement of quality of water:
ENVIRONMENTAL CODE (1977)
4. Provides a comprehensive and integrated strategy to prevent and minimize pollution through a
multi-sectoral and participatory approach involving all the stakeholders: CLEAN WATER ACT
(2004)
5. Government agency that is responsible for all the water resources in the Philippines: NWRB -
National Water Resources Board
6. Manmade lake or structure used to store water, main function to stabilize the flow of water by
either regulating a varying supply in a natural stream or by satisfying a varying demand:
RESERVOIR
7. Amount of water that can be supplied from the reservoir during a specified interval of time,
dependent on inflow and will vary from year to year: YIELD
8. Maximum quantity of water that can be guaranteed during a critical dry period: SAFE or FIRM
YIELD
9. A structure built across a stream, river or estuary to retain water: DAM
10. Depends on its own weight for stability, usually straight in plan through sometimes slightly
curved: GRAVITY DAM
11. Transmit most of the horizontal thrust of the water behind them to the abutments by arch
action: ARCH DAM
12. Consists of a sloping membrane that transmits the water load to a series of buttresses at right
angles to the axis of the dam: BUTTRESS DAM
13. constructed of earth and/or rock with provision for controlling seepage by means of an
impermeable core or upstream blanket: EMBANKMENT DAM
14. Related storage to a linear function of weighted inflow and outflow: MUSKINGUM ROUTING
15. Use to determine the maximum storage needed for reservoir sizing: RESERVOIR INFLOW-
OUTFLOW ROUTING

WATER DISTRIBUTION

16. Amount of water consumed by all residents, institutions, when provided with water service
facilities: WATER CONSUMPTION
17. The sum of water consumption and unaccounted for water: WATER DEMAND
18. The amount of water losses thru leakages and pilferages: UNACCOUNTED FOR WATER
19. The sum of the daily water demands in one year divided by the number of days of that year:
AVERAGE DAY DEMAND
20. Largest in day water demand: MAXIMUM DAY DEMAND
21. Any hour of the day when the water demand is at its maximum: MAXIMUM HOUR (PEAK HOUR)
DEMAND
22. The number of years in which the proposed system and its component structures and
equipment are expected to serve the population adequately: DESIGN PERIOD
23. The population of the area to be served within the design period: DESIGN POPULATION
LEVELS OF WATER SYSTEMS IN THE PHILIPPINES

24. Stand-alone Water points (pumps, shallow wells, rainwater collectors) serving an average of
15hh within a 250-meter distance: LEVEL I
25. Piped with a communal water point (Borewell, spring system) serving an average of 4-6hh
within a 25-meter distance: LEVEL II
26. Piped water supply with a private water point (house connection) based on a daily water
demand of more than 100 liters per person: LEVEL III

PIPE NETWORKS

27. A method to analyze fluid flow through a hydraulics network: HARDY CROSS METHOD
28. Loss caused by pipe friction along straight sections of pipe of uniform diameter and uniform
roughness: MAJOR HEAD LOSS
29. Loss caused by changes in velocity or directions of flow and are commonly expressed in terms of
kinetic energy: MINOR HEAD LOSS

HYDROELECTRIC POWER

30. Oldest and most often used renewable energy source that generates electricity: HYDROPOWER
31. Use water turbines to drive generators: HYDROELECTRIC PLANTS
32. Employ steam turbines to drive generators: THERMAL OR STEAM PLANTS
33. The total difference in elevation between the water surface in the stream at the diversion and
the water surface in the stream at the point where the water is returned after having been used
for power: GROSS HEAD
34. The head available for energy production after deducting losses in friction, entrance,
unrecovered velocity head in the draft tube: NET HEAD
35. The ratio of net head to gross head: HYDRAULIC EFFICIENCY
36. Equal to the hydraulic efficiency multiplied by the efficiency of the turbines and generators. The
overall efficiency of hydropower plants operating at optimum conditions will usually be between
60 to 70 percent: OVERALL EFFICIENCY
37. The maximum power which can be developed by the generators at normal head with full flow:
CAPACITY
38. The unit of electrical power: KILOWATT = 1.34Hp
39. The unit of electrical energy: KILOWATT-HOUR
40. Those operating under a head of less than 60 ft (20 m): LOW-HEAD PLANTS
41. Those operating under heads in the range of 100 to 200 ft (30 to 60 m) or more: HIGH-HEAD
PLANTS
42. Is one with a reservoir of sufficient size to permit carryover storage from the wet season to the
dry season: STORAGE-TYPE PLANT
43. Has very limited storage capacity and can use water only as it comes: RUN-OF-RIVER PLANT
44. Generates energy for peak load, but at off peak, water is pumped from the tail water pool to the
headwater pool for future use: PUMPED-STORAGE PLANT
45. From the powerhouse back to the river must be provided if the powerhouse is situated so that
the draft tubes cannot discharge directly into the river: TAILRACE
46. A hydroelectric development in which the powerhouse is located near the dam and is most
common for low-head installations: CONCENTRATED-FALL
47. A development where water is carried to the powerhouse at a considerable distance from the
dam through a canal, tunnel, or penstock: DIVIDED-FALL
48. A regulating reservoir, temporarily storing water when the load on the plant is reduced and
providing water for the initial increments of an increasing load while in the canal is being
accelerated: FOREBAY
49. A forebay must be provided with this so that excess water can be disposed of safely if the need
arises: SPILLWAY OR WASTEWAY
50. The same as any for any other pipe, because of the possibility of sudden load changes, design
against water hammer is essential: PENSTOCK
51. Long penstocks usually provided with ____ to absorb water hammer pressures and to provide
water to meet sudden load increases.
52. A substructure to support the hydraulic and electrical equipment and a superstructure to house
and protect this equipment: POWERHOUSE
53. Channel into which the water is discharged after passing through the turbines: TAILRACE

IRRIGATION

54. The application of water to soil supplement deficient rainfall to provide moisture for plant
growth: IRIGATION
55. The land that when properly prepared for agriculture, will have a sufficient yield to justify
development: ARABLE LAND
56. Arable land for which a water supply is available: IRRIGABLE LAND
57.

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