Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 16

ISOand food

G re a tt hi ngsha pp enw h en t h ewo rl dagre es.


We are ISO,
the International Organization 162 *
members

forStandardization
21500 *

International Standards

Weareanindependent,
non-governmental organization. 100
new standards each month

We are a global network of


national standards bodies with
one member per country. 247 *

technical committees
Our job is to make International
Standards.

We are coordinated by a Central


SecretariatinGeneva,Switzerland.

Wearenotforprofit:sellingour
standards allows us to finance
ίσος
Noticethatouracronym
their development in a neutral
doesn’tmatchourname?
environment,tomaintainthem
It’s notmeantto.“
andtomakenewones.
ISO” is derivedfrom
the Greek
ISO provides a platform for wordisos(equal),sotha
developing practical tools through tit’sthesamein
common understanding and alllanguages.
cooperation with all stakeholders.
* April2017
WhydoweneedISOstandards
for food?
The world population is growing rapidly and many food
products repeatedly cross national boundaries to meet
ourrisingdemandforfood.InternationalStandardshelp to
address this challenge in a safe and sustainable way,
through guidance and best practice in food production
methods and testing, to promote safety, quality and
efficiencyacrosstheentirefoodindustry.

WhodevelopsISOstandards?
ISO standards are developed by groups of experts within technical commit- tees
(TCs). TCs are made up of representatives from industry, non-governmental
organizations, governments and other stakeholders who are put forward by
ISO’s members. Each TC deals with a different subject, such as food safety or
specific food products like tea or meat, often in close collaboration with other
relevant international or intergovernmental organizations. For example, the
food-related committees work closely with the Codex Alimentarius and the
WorldOrganisationforAnimalHealth(OIE).
Visit our Website ISO.org to find out more about the standards developed in a
particular sector by searching for the work of the relevant technical committee.

4
Who benefits from ISO standards for food ?
Industry
All players in the food supply chain, be they farmers,
manufacturers or retailers, can benefit from the
guidelines and best practice contained in ISO standards,
which range from food harvesting to product packaging.
In addition, internationally agreed standards help food
producers meet legal and regulatory requirements.

Consumers
ISO standards address issues relevant to Regulators
consumers such as food safety, nutritional Regulators can rely on best-
labelling, hygiene, food additives and more. practice test methods and
They give consumers the peace of mind that harmonized terminology that
comes with knowing the food they consume are constantly reviewed and
meets high standards for safety and quality improved, as a technical basis
and contains what it says on the tin. for regulation and policy.

7
What standards does
ISO have for food ?
Ofthemorethan21500International
Standards and related documents,
ISO has more than 1 600 related to
the food sector, with many more in
development.Thesecover:

Foodproducts

Food safety management

Microbiology

Fisheries and aquaculture

Essential oils

Starch and its by-products

8
Below is a selection of ISO technical committees and ISO standards
dedicatedtofoodproducts,foodsafety,microbiologyandrelatedsectors.

Food products
• ISO/TC34,Foodproducts
Many of ISO’s standards related to food
are developed by this ISO technical
committee. Created in 1947, it is one of
ISO’s oldest and most prolific committees,
with over 830 published standards
Melamineandmilk
and 125 more in development. With its
numerous subcommittees and working Following the 2008 scandal
where infant formula in China was
groups, its scope covers everything from
contaminated with melamine,
food products, such as coffee, meat, milk, resulting in several deaths and
spices and cocoa, to vitamins, animal thousands of babies hospitalized,
welfare, microbiology and more. ISO and theInternational
Dairy Federation put together
• ISO/TC34/SC5,Milkandmilkproducts the technical specification
With a portfolio of over 180 standards, ISO/TS 15495, Milk, milk products
and infant formulae – Guidelines
this subcommittee plays an important
forthequantitativedetermination
role in the safety, quality and reliability of melamine and cyanuricacid
of milk products throughout the dairy by LC-MS/MS, an internationally
chain, from primary production to final recognized means for regulatory
consumption. These standards include authorities, manufacturers and
methods and guidelines for testing and producers to determine the
presence of melamine inmilk.
analysing the quantities of components
like protein and micronutrients in milk.
9
• ISO 20633, Infant formula and adult nutritionals –
DeterminationofvitaminEandvitaminAbynormalphase
high performance liquidchromatography
This standard specifies important test methods for
thequantitativedeterminationofvitaminsandother
micronutrientsininfantformula,tohelpensurethat
itsnutritionalcontentconformstoitsdeclaration.

• ISO/TC34/SC4,Cerealsandpulses
Forming another key area of standardization, this ISO
technical committee has over 60 standards for cereals
and pulses covering terminology, sampling, methods of test
and analysis, product specifications, and requirements for
packaging, storage and transportation. Examples include
thefour-partseriesISO21415forthedeterminationofgluten
contentinwheatandtheISO6322series,inthreeparts,
for the safe and hygienic storage of cereals and pulses.

10
Food safety management

• ISO22000,Foodsafetymanagement
systems – Requirements for any
organization in the food chain,
developed by ISO/TC 34/SC 17,
Managementsystemsforfoodsafety
ISO has a number of International
Standards aimed at ensuring food
safety throughout the supply chain.
The ISO 22000 family addresses food
safety management by providing
guidelines and best practice for
managing risks in all areas of food
production.

ISO 22000 is a certifiable standard that


setsouttheoverallrequirementsfor
a food safety management system. It
defines the steps an organization must
taketodemonstrateitsabilitytocontrol
food safety hazards and ensure that
foodissafeforhumanconsumption.
Did you know ?
ISO 22000 is one of ISO’s best-known
• ISO7304providesguidelinesfor
standards, with 32 061 certificates
cooking pasta toperfection.
issued in 2015 alone.
• ISO3103defineswhatmakesa
Within its broad scope, the ISO 22000 good cup oftea.
family includes standards specific to
• ISO3959outlinesthebest
catering, food manufacturing, farming, conditions for ripening
packaging, and animal foodstuffs and greenbananas.
feed production.
11
Microbiology

• ISO standards for microbiology ISO also has numerous standards


aredevelopedbyISO/TC34/SC9, for the detection of harmful viruses
Microbiology.
and bacteria in products for human
Muchofwhatweeat,includingmeat, consumption and animal feed.
fish and dairy products, contains
• ISO 6579-1, Microbiology of the
microbial flora and it is the level of
food chain – Horizontal method
suchflorathatdetermineswhether forthedetection,enumerationand
it is fit for consumption and how serotyping of Salmonella – Part 1 :
long it will last. ISO has a number of Detection of Salmonellaspp.
standards for microbiology testing • ISO 10272-1, Microbiology of the
that help to determine safe levels of food and animal feeding stuffs –
Horizontalmethodfordetectionand
microorganisms.
enumeration of Campylobacterspp.
– Part 1 : Detection method 1)
• ISO16140,Microbiologyofthefood
chain – Methodvalidation • ISO 11290-1, Microbiology of
foodandanimalfeedingstuffs–
Thisstandardwasdevelopedtoprovide a
Horizontal method for the detection
common reference protocol for the and enumeration of Listeria
validation of alternative methods monocytogenes – Part 1 : Detection
against a reference method. The two- method 1)

part series describes the terminology • ISO 15216-1, Microbiology of the


used in microbial testing (Part 1) and foodchain–Horizontalmethodfor
determination of hepatitis A virus and
gives guidelines for the validation of
norovirus using real-time RT-PCR –
microbiological test methods (Part 2). Part 1 : Method for quantification
These standards are designed to help
• ISO16654,Microbiologyoffoodand
foodandfeedtestinglaboratories, animal feeding stuffs – Horizontal
test kit manufacturers, competent method for the detection of
authorities,andfoodandfeedbusiness Escherichia coliO157
operators implement microbiological • ISO19020,Microbiologyofthe
testmethods. food chain – Horizontalmethod

12
for the immunoenzymatic detection
of staphylococcal enterotoxins
in foodstuffs2)
• ISO 22964, Microbiology of the
foodchain–Horizontalmethodfor
thedetectionofCronobacterspp.

Finally, upcoming work in this area


comprises standards on whole-genome
sequencing for food microbial typing
and genomic characterization of
foodborne microorganisms.

1) Underrevision
2) Underdevelopment

13
Fisheries and aquaculture

• ISO/TC234,Fisheriesandaquaculture
This ISO technical committee aims to promote
sustainable development in the sector and has
a number of standards related to traceability
and the environmental monitoring of impacts
from fish farming. These include the two
following standards :
• ISO 12875,Traceability of finfish products –
Specificationontheinformationtoberecorded in
captured finfish distributionchains
• ISO12878,Environmentalmonitoringofthe
impacts from marine finfish farms on soft
bottom

Essential oils

• ISO/TC54,Essentialoils
More than 130 standards for essential oils are
used in food products, perfumes, cosmetics,
phytotherapy and aromatherapy.
Tastewinelike
the experts Starch and its by-products
Wine tasting is an artand, Starch is of great importance in the
as any wine expert well manufacturing of foodstuffs and is used in
knows, not any old glass
a wide range of food products, including
will do. ISO 3591, Sensory
analysis –Apparatus processed foods, bakery goods, desserts
– Wine-tastingglass, and beverages.
definesthebesttype
• ISO/TC93,Starch(includingderivativesand
ofglass,aswellasits
by-products)
shape and dimensions,
to ensure an optimum 26 standards are dedicated to starch and
environment in whichthe its by-products, which cover terminology,
wine can expressitself. methods of analysis, methods of sampling
and examination.
14
Foodsafety
ISO/TC 34 management

ISO/TC 34/
Microbiology
SC 17
Food ISO/TC 34/
products SC 9

ISO/TC 93

ISO standards improve


Starch and its safetyandsustainability
by-products
infoodproduction.

ISO/TC234

ISO/TC54 Fisheries
and aquaculture
Essential oils

17
Feeding our future by going green
With a growing world population, set down the requirements for
improving sustainability in the a management system for the
food and agricultural sector is farming of cocoa beans, with the
perhapsouronlymeansofsurvival. intention of implementing good
Sustainable food systems aren’t just agricultural practices, protecting
about having enough to eat, theyare the environment and improving the
about ensuring that the livelihoods social conditions and livelihoods of
of everyone involved in the industry, farmers.
from farm to fork, have a sustainable
ISO/TC 34 is also working on a
future. Being “socially responsible”
food-sectorapplicationofoneofthe
iskeytofeedingtheplanet.
world’s most referenced standards
ISO is working on a number of forsocialresponsibility–ISO26000.
standards aimed at promoting The much awaited ISO/TS 26030,
sustainability and social Sustainable development and social
responsibilityinthefoodsector. responsibility – Guidance for using
Forexample,theupcoming ISO 26000:2010 in the agri-food
ISO34101seriesonsustainable sector, is due for publication at the
andtraceablecocoabeanswill end of2018.

18
More information ?

ISO Website
@ www.iso.org

ISO Website section : “ Standards in action ”


www.iso.org/standards-in-action

ISOfocus magazine
www.iso.org/isofocus

Youtube ISO videos


www.iso.org/youtube

Follow us on Twitter
TWITTER www.iso.org/twitter

Join us on Facebook
facebook www.iso.org/facebook

Join us on GooglePlus
googleplus www.iso.org/gplus
International
Organization
for Standardization

ISO Central Secretariat


Chemin de Blandonnet 8
CP 401
1214 Vernier, Geneva
Switzerland The symbol on the cover comes from the
International Standard ISO 7001, Graphical
symbols – Public information symbols.
iso.org Itisusedtoindicateplaceswherevegetarian
foodisavailableandappearsinguidebooks,
© ISO, 2017 oninformationpanelsandondoorsigns.
All rights reserved AvailableonourOnlineBrowsingPlatform
ISBN 978-92-67-10735-6 atgotoi.so/isosymbols.