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ENGINEERING INFORMATION

HOW TO FIGURE HORSEPOWER AND TORQUE


Cut on Dotted Lines
TO OBTAIN HAVING FORMULA
and Keep for Quick Reference
Pitch Diameter (D) of
Velocity (V)
Gear or Sprocket – Inches V = .2618 x D x RPM
Feet Per Minute
& Rev. Per Min. (RPM) APPLICATION FORMULAS
1 hp = 36 lb-in. @ 1750 rpm 2 TK
Velocity (V) Ft. Per Min. 1 hp = 3 lb-ft. @ 1750 rpm OHL = ————
V D
Rev. Per Min. (RPM) & Pitch Diameter (D) of RPM = ————— Torque (lb.-in.) x rpm
.2618 xD hp = ————————— OHL = Overhung Load (lb)
Gear or Sprocket—Inches 63,025
T = Shaft Torque (lb-in.)
Pitch Diameter (D) Velocity (V) Ft. Per Force (lb) x Velocity (ft/min.) D = PD of Sprocket, Pinion or Pulley (in.)
V hp = ————————————
of Gear or Sprocket Min. & Rev. Per Min. D = —————— 33,000 K = Overhung Load Factor
.2618 x RPM Overhung Load Factors:
— Inches (RPM) Velocity (ft/min.) = 0.262 x Dia. (in.) x rpm
Torque (lb.-in) = Force (lb) x Radius (in.) Sprocket or Timing Belt . . . . . . . .1.00
Force (W) Lbs. & hp x 63,025 Pinion & Gear Drive . . . . . . . . . . .1.25
Torque (T) In. Lbs. T=WxR Torque (lb.-in.) = ——————
Radius (R) Inches rpm Pulley & V-Belt Drive . . . . . . . . . .1.50
Pulley & Flat Belt Drive . . . . . . . .2.50
Force (W) Lbs. & WxV Mechanical Output hp
Horsepower (HP) HP = ———— = ———— x 100% Variable Pitch Pulley . . . . . . . . . .3.50
Velocity (V) Ft. Per Min. Efficiency Input hp
33000 kW = hp x 0.7457
OT (lb-in.) x Output rpm in. = mm/25.4
Output hp = ——————————
63,025 Temp. °C = (°F - 32) x 0.556
Torque (T) In. Lbs. &
HP = T x RPM
————
Horsepower (HP) OT = Input Torque x Ratio x Efficiency Temp. °F = (°C x 1.8) + 32
Rev. Per Min. (RPM) 63025 OT = Output Torque Torque (lb-in.) = 86.6 x kg•m
Input rpm Torque (lb-in.) = 8.85 x N•m
Output rpm = ———— Torque (lb-in.) = 88.5 x daN•m
Horsepower (HP) 63025 x HP Ratio
Torque (T) In. Lbs. T = —————
& Rev. Per Min. (RPM) RPM
ILLUSTRATION OF HORSEPOWER
ILLUSTRATION OF HORSEPOWER
Horsepower (HP) & 33000 x HP
Force (W) Lbs. W = —————
Velocity (V) Ft. Per Min. V
FORCE (W) FORCE (W)
= 33,000 LBS. 1000 LBS. 1000
Horsepower (HP) & 63025 x HP
Rev. Per Min. (RPM) Torque (T) In. Lbs. RPM = ————— 33,000 LBS.
T LBS.
DISTANCE = 33 FT.
DISTANCE = 1 FT. TIME = 1 MIN.
TIME = 1 MIN.
POWER is the rate of doing work. HP =
33,000 x 1 1000 x 33
33,000 xx11 = 1 HP
33,000
HP =
1000 x 33
33,000 x1
= 1 HP
HP = ————— = 1 HP HP = ———— = 1 HP
WORK is the exerting of a FORCE through a DISTANCE. ONE 33,000 x 1 33,000 x 1
FOOT POUND is a unit of WORK. It is the WORK done in exerting a
FORCE OF ONE POUND through a DISTANCE of ONE FOOT. TORQUE (T) is the product of a FORCE (W) in pounds,
times a RADIUS (R) in inches from the center of shaft (Lever
THE AMOUNT OF WORK done (Foot Pounds) is the FORCE Arm) and is expressed in Inch Pounds.
(Pounds) exerted multiplied by the DISTANCE (Feet) through
which the FORCE acts.
R = 1" R = 2"
THE AMOUNT OF POWER used (Foot Pounds per Minute) is
the WORK (Foot Pounds) done divided by the TIME (Minutes)
required.
WORK (Ft. Lbs.) W300*
POWER (Foot Pounds per Minute) = ———————— W150*
TIME (Minutes)
T=WR=300 x 1=300 IN. LBS. T=WR=150 x 2=300 IN. LBS.
T=WR=300 x 1=300 In. Lbs. T=WR=150 x 2=300 In. Lbs.
POWER is usually expressed in terms of HORSEPOWER.
If the shaft is revolved, the FORCE (W) is moved through a
distance, and WORK is done.
HORSEPOWER is POWER (Foot Pounds per Minute) divided
2πR
by 33000. WORK (Ft. Pounds) = W x —— x No. of Rev. of Shaft.
12
POWER (Ft. Lbs. per Minute)
HORSEPOWER (HP) = ———————————— When this WORK is done in a specified TIME, POWER is used.
33000 2πR
POWER (Ft. Pounds per Min.) = W x —— x RPM
WORK (Ft. Pounds) 12
= —————————
33000 x TIME (Min.) Since (1) HORSEPOWER = 33,000 Foot Pounds per Minute
FORCE (Lbs.) x DISTANCE (Feet) 2πR RPM WxRxRPM
HORSEPOWER (HP) = W x —— x ——— = ——————
= ——————————————— 12 33,000 63,025
33000 x TIME (Min.)
but TORQUE (Inch Pounds) = FORCE (W) X RADIUS (R)
FORCE (Lbs.) x DISTANCE (Feet) TORQUE (T) x RPM
= ——————————————— Therefore HORSEPOWER (HP) = —————————
33000 x TIME (Min.) 63,025

Gear Catalog 151


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