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1. In postulating the theory of evolution by natural selection Darwin was greatly influenced by
a. Mutation theory of Hugo de Vries c. Malthus idea of population control
b. Lamarck’s theory of acquired characters d. Aristotle
2. The use and disuse principal of evolution or theory of inheritance acquired characters was proposed by
a. Hugo de Vries b. Lamarck c. Weismann d. Darwin
3. The present giraffe has a long neck as compared to its ancestors. Lamarck believed it could be due to
a. Natural selection b. Isolation c. Inheritance of acquired characters d. Speciation
4. Species inhabiting different geographical areas is known as
a. Sympatric b. Allopatric c. Siblings d. Biospecies
5. Who gave the principle that population tends to multiply more rapidly than food supply?
a. Darwin b. Malthus c. Lamarck d. Haldane
6. Role of isolation in evolution is
a. Differentiation of a species c. Evolution of species
b. Maintenance of species d. Extermination of species
7. The evolution of a species is based upon sum total of adaptive changes preserved by
a. Natural selection b. Isolation c. Speciation d. Human conservation
8. Which of the following concept is attributed to Charles Darwin?
a. Use and disuse of organs is of great importance in evolution.
b. Every cell must come from a pre-existing cell
c. In the struggle for existence, the fittest would survive
d. The gametes will carry only one of a pair of contrasting characters.
9. Key point of Lamarck view about organic evolution is that every offspring
a. Is similar to its parents
b. Inherits characters acquired by the parental generation.
c. Shows struggle for existence.
d. Repeats phylogeny in its ontogeny
10. The idea of natural selection as the fundamental process for evolutionary change was reached
a. Independently by Charles Darwin and Alfred Russel Wallace in 1990
b. By Charles Darwin in 1866
c. By Alfred Russel Wallace in 1901
d. Independently by Charles Darwin and Alfred Russel Wallace in 1858
11. There is more competitions for survival between
a. Different animals of Same niche c. Different animals of different niche
b. Same animals of same niche d. Same animals of different niche
12. For food , light and space, the greatest competition is between two
a. Closely related species of the same niche
b. Closely related species of the different niche
c. Unrelated species of the same niche
d. Unrelated species of the different niche
13. Lamarck’s theory of evolution is known as
a. Natural selection b. Inheritance of acquired characters c. Survival of the fittest d. Mutation theory
14. The ultimate source of all variations is
a. Sexual reproduction b. Hormonal action c. Natural selection d. Mutations
15. Sudden heritable changes are called
a. Mutations b. Variations c. Recombination d. Evolution
16. Which is NOT true of fossils?
a. They indicate that life has a history.
b. They are evidences of life in the past.
c. The older the fossil, the less it resembles modern day species.
d. They look exactly like modern-day species, regardless of their age.
17. Which type of speciation requires a geographical barrier?
a. allopatric b. convergence c. divergence d. sympatric
18. Which of the following statements does NOT describe Darwin’s theory of natural selection?
a. Members of a population will compete.
b. Populations tend to reproduce in small numbers.
c. Members of a population have heritable variations.
d. Some members of a population have adaptive traits.
19. Which of the following mechanisms will cause the gene pool of two populations to become similar?
a. gene flow b. genetic drift c. mutation d. natural selection
20. What agent of evolutionary change can result to a population whose members are alike in appearance, fitness and
a. inbreeding b. gene flow c. genetic drift d. mutation

Choices: gene flow, genetic drift, mutations, natural selection, and non-random mating.
________ 21. A female peacock chooses mates with the most colorful feathers.
________ 22. Giraffes with longer neck get a larger share of resources and tend to have more offspring.
________ 23. Change in the structure of chromosomes and gene composition.
________ 24. The change in gene pool due to chance alone.
________ 25. During American and Vietnamese War, many U.S soldiers had children with Vietnamese women.
26. The theory of use and disuse was given by
a) Stebbins b) Lamarck c) Aristotle d) Vavilox
27. Sympatric speciation develops reproductive isolation without
a) Geographic barrier b) barrier to mating c) barrier to gene flow d) genetic change

28. Which of these pairs is mismatched?

a. Charles Darwin—natural selection
b. Linnaeus—classified organisms according to the scala naturae
c. Cuvier—series of catastrophes explains the fossil record
d. Lamarck—uniformitarianism
e. Thomas Malthus—principles of population
29. Which scientist’s information on geology helped support the observations Darwin made during his voyage aboard
the HMS Beagle?
a. Erasmus Darwin b. Georges Cuvier c. Carolus Linnaeus d. Charles Lyell
30. According to the theory of inheritance of acquired characteristics,
a. if a man loses his hand, then his children will also be missing a hand.
b. changes in phenotype are passed on by way of the genotype to the next generation.
c. organisms are able to bring about a change in their phenotype.
d. evolution is striving toward improving particular traits.
31. Why was it helpful to Darwin to learn that Lyell thought the Earth was very old?
a. An old Earth has more fossils than a new Earth.
b. It meant there was enough time for evolution to have occurred slowly.
c. There was enough time for the same species to spread out into all continents.
d. Darwin said that artificial selection occurs slowly.
32. The distribution of organisms across Earth is known as
a. biogeography. b. uniformitarianism. c. paleontology. d. evolution.
33. Organisms according to Darwin _____________
a. compete with other members of their species.
b. same in fitness.
c. are not adapted to their environment.
d. are not related by descent from common ancestors.
34. Which of the following is not a component of evolution by natural selection?
a. Variation exists within a population.
b. Organisms compete for resources.
c. Individuals have different reproductive success.
d. Species are fixed.
35. Humans are able to cause organisms to evolve through which mechanism?
a. artificial selection b. natural selection c. fitness d. paleontology
36. First genetically modified organism generated was
a. fish b. bacteria c. mice d. virus
37. The more closely related two different organisms are, the
a. more similar their habitats are
b. less similar their DNA sequences are
c. more recently they shared a common ancestor
d. less likely they are to have the same genes in common
38. Hybridization between different plant species producing more than two sets of chromosomes is called
a. Polyploidy b. hybrid viability c. gametic isolation d. mutation
39. A species is defined as
a. a population of organisms similar in size, shape, and color
b. a group of organisms that live in the same habitat
c. a population of organisms that are able to interbreed
d. a population of organisms that have the same number of chromosomes
40. All the individuals of a species that live in a particular area are called a
a. variation. b. fossil. c. population. d. group