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PCS-9000 DMS

HMI System
Instruction Manual

NR Electric Co., Ltd.


Preface

Preface

Introduction

This guide and the relevant operating/service manual for the product provide full information on
safe operation of this product.

Documentation for product ordered from NR is dispatched separately from manufactured goods
and may not be received at the same time. Therefore, this guide is provided to ensure that printed
information normally present on product is fully understood by the recipient.

Before carrying out any work on the product, the user should be familiar with the contents of this
manual, and read relevant chapters carefully.

This chapter describes the safety precautions recommended when using the product. Before
using the product, this chapter must be thoroughly read and understood.

Health and Safety

The information in this chapter of the product documentation is intended to ensure that the product
is properly handled and maintained in a safe condition.

Only qualified personnel may work on or operate the product.

Qualified personnel are individuals who:

 Are familiar with the product and the system to which it is being connected;

 Are trained in emergency procedures (first aid).

Symbol Corresponding Relationship

Basic
A, B, C L1, L2, L3 R, Y, B
AN, BN, CN L1N, L2N, L3N RN,YN, BN
ABC L123 RYB
U (voltage) V U

Example
Ia, Ib, Ic, I0 IL1, IL2, IL3, IN IR, IY, IB, IN
Ua, Ub, Uc VL1, VL2, VL3 UR, UY, UB
Uab, Ubc, Uca VL12, VL23, VL31 URY, UYB, UBR
U0, U1, U2 VN, V1, V2 UN, U1, U2

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Preface

Copyright © 2017 NR. All rights reserved.

We reserve all rights to this document and to the information contained herein. Improper use in particular reproduction and dissemination
to third parties is strictly forbidden except where expressly authorized.

The information in this manual is carefully checked periodically, and necessary corrections will be included in future editions. If
nevertheless any errors are detected, suggestions for correction or improvement are greatly appreciated.

We reserve the rights to make technical improvements without notice.

NR ELECTRIC CO., LTD. Tel: +86-25-87178888


Headquarters: 69, Suyuan Avenue, Jiangning, Nanjing 211102, China Fax: +86-25-87178999
Manufactory: 18, Xinfeng Road, Jiangning, Nanjing 211111, China Website: www.nrec.com/en

P/N: ZL_PCS-9000DMS_HMI_Operation Manual_EN_Domestic General_X Version: R1.00

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Table of Contents

Table of Contents

Preface .................................................................................................... i

Introduction................................................................................................................ i
Health and Safety ...................................................................................................... i
Symbol Corresponding Relationship ...................................................................... i
Copyright © 2017 NR. All rights reserved. .............................................................. ii

Table of Contents ................................................................................. iii

1 Introduction ........................................................................................ 1

2 System Launching ............................................................................. 3

2.1 Launching PCS-9000 .......................................................................................... 3


2.2 Leaving PCS-9000 .............................................................................................. 3
2.3 Console ............................................................................................................... 3
2.3.1 Console Display Setup ............................................................................................................ 3

2.3.2 Custom Information Setup ...................................................................................................... 5

2.3.3 Online Window Management .................................................................................................. 5

3 Graph Editor ....................................................................................... 7

3.1 Overview.............................................................................................................. 7
3.2 Launching & Leaving ......................................................................................... 7
3.3 Architecture......................................................................................................... 8
3.4 Functional Description ....................................................................................... 9
3.4.1 Primitive List ............................................................................................................................ 9

3.4.2 Graph Dictionary ....................................................................................................................11

3.4.3 Graph Import/Export .............................................................................................................. 12

3.4.4 Create Foreground/Widget.................................................................................................... 13

3.4.5 Color Decision & Symbol Decision ....................................................................................... 16

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3.4.6 Topology Color Scheme ........................................................................................................ 20

3.4.7 Substation Graph Drawing .................................................................................................... 21

3.4.8 Template Operation ............................................................................................................... 24

3.5 Instantiated Description ................................................................................... 26


3.5.1 Description of Feeder Graph ................................................................................................. 26

4 Online Operation .............................................................................. 48

4.1 Overview............................................................................................................ 48
4.2 Functional Description ..................................................................................... 48
4.2.1 Graphic User Interface .......................................................................................................... 48

4.2.2 Alarm & Event Records ......................................................................................................... 53

4.2.3 SCADA Operation ................................................................................................................. 61

5 Report Editor .................................................................................... 76

5.1 Overview............................................................................................................ 76
5.2 Launching & Exiting ......................................................................................... 76
5.3 Architecture....................................................................................................... 76
5.4 Functional Description ..................................................................................... 77
5.4.1 Create New Report................................................................................................................ 77

5.4.2 Serial Time Report................................................................................................................. 77

5.4.3 Single Time Report ................................................................................................................ 88

5.4.4 Configure Chart ..................................................................................................................... 90

5.4.5 Import Excel Template ........................................................................................................... 92

5.4.6 Copy Report .......................................................................................................................... 93

5.4.7 Snapshot Management ......................................................................................................... 94

6 Report View ...................................................................................... 96

6.1 Overview............................................................................................................ 96
6.2 Launching & Exiting ......................................................................................... 96
6.3 Architecture....................................................................................................... 96
6.4 Functional Description ..................................................................................... 97

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6.4.1 Report View ........................................................................................................................... 97

6.4.2 Report Print ........................................................................................................................... 97

7 Web ................................................................................................... 98

7.1 Overview............................................................................................................ 98
7.1.1 Client Requirements .............................................................................................................. 98

7.1.2 System Access ...................................................................................................................... 98

7.2 Login .................................................................................................................. 98


7.3 Graph ................................................................................................................. 98
7.3.1 Graph View ............................................................................................................................ 98

7.3.2 Graph Interaction................................................................................................................... 99

7.4 Alarm ............................................................................................................... 100


7.4.1 Real-time Alarm ................................................................................................................... 100

7.4.2 History Search ..................................................................................................................... 101

7.5 Curve ............................................................................................................... 101


7.5.1 Architecture.......................................................................................................................... 102

7.5.2 View Curve .......................................................................................................................... 102

7.6 Report .............................................................................................................. 103


7.6.1 Report View ......................................................................................................................... 104

7.6.2 Report Print ......................................................................................................................... 105

8 Manual Version History.................................................................. 106

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1 Introduction

1 Introduction
PCS-9000 system is a new generation energy management system of fully new design based on
IEC61970/IEC61968 standards. It adopts advanced open type distributed network technique,
object-oriented database technique, cross-platform visualized technique, middleware technique,
WEB technique, and latest international standards etc. It follows the design principle of whole
system integration and provides a unified application support platform for power enterprise
dispatch automation and distribution automation systems, serving application subsystems SCADA,
AGC, PAS, and DTS etc., and conforming to state secondary system safe protection scheme.

PCS-9000 system includes two parts: PCS-9000 unified application support platform ASP and
complete series power system applications of integrated design and development based on this
platform. This system adopts distributed expandable framework that allows isometric structure. Its
application programs and databases can be flexibly configured on each computer node without
the need to modify application programs. The whole system can comprise different types of
computers on which different operating systems are installed. PCS-9000 system provides
complete series power system applications used to enhance and improve power system
production and management, so as to improve power system management level. Its modular
function allows easy tailoring to adapt to demands of each user, from central control station to
small regional dispatch, county dispatch, large grid/province bureau, and distribution network
system. Besides, system functions can be easily expanded according to user demands, satisfying
user requirements on system flexibility and scalability to the maximum extent and smooth upgrade
of user systems.

PCS-9000 system is applicable to master station system of each level dispatch center (grid,
province, region, and county), substation central supervisory control system, power distribution
system, and various electrical automation systems of large and medium size non-power
enterprises.

This manual mainly introduces Human Machine Interface (abbreviated as HMI) system of
PCS-9000 Distribution Management System (abbreviated as DMS).

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2 System Launching

2 System Launching

2.1 Launching PCS-9000

Two launching methods are available:

1) Double click the shortcut “PCS-9000” on the desktop;

2) Access Command Line Interface (CLI) and execute this command: manager.

In the log-in interface, input the user name, password and effective duration and then enter the
main interface of the console as below:

Figure 2.1-1 Main interface of the console

2.2 Leaving PCS-9000

Select “Exit” in the menu “Start” of the PCS-9000 EMS console, and select the user name and
password in the popup dialog box for user authentication, and after confirmation, exit from
PCS-9000 EMS will be done.

2.3 Console

2.3.1 Console Display Setup


Click “Start”“Setup”“Console display setup”, the dialog box as shown below will pop up:

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Figure 2.3-1 Console display setup

It will mainly configure the main interface of the console, including setup of startup graph, font size
and shortcut buttons on the toolbar.

1) “Startup graph”: the graph opened by the graphic browser when the console is logged in.

2) “Font size”: the font size displayed on the console, and after modification of font size, the
console shall be restarted to make the modification valid.

3) “Information width”: the width of the information label customized by the user, and it will
become valid immediately after modification.

4) “Always topmost”: selected by default. In this case, the main interface of the console will be
displayed at the bottom of the desktop and the topmost of all windows. Moreover, it cannot be
moved or sheltered. If not selected, it can be freely moved or be sheltered by other window.

5) “Hide console”: The option is available only after “Always topmost” is selected. After the option
is selected, the main interface of the console will be automatically hidden, and it will be
displayed when a new alarm happens or the user moves the mouse to the bottom of the
screen.

6) “Recover user info”: If the option is selected, the user window information saved during last
exit will be read and the user environment will be recovered when the console is started;

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otherwise, the startup graph will be displayed.

7) “Keep user environment”: If the option is selected, the window information of the previous
user will be reserved when the user is switched.

8) “Image button and Text button”: custom shortcut buttons. Click Add, and the name, program
path, image and parameter can be set on the popup dialog box. For the image buttons, only
the images are displayed on the interface, and for the text buttons, both the image and the
name can be displayed simultaneously.

2.3.2 Custom Information Setup


Click “Start”“Setup”“System info setup”, the dialog box of “Custom information” will pop up, as
shown below. The user can define the information label to be displayed on the main interface of
the console and conveniently monitor the specific numeric or status quantity.

Figure 2.3-2 Custom information setup

In the above interface, each line stands for a piece of custom information, the 1st row shows the
displayed name of the information, the 2nd row shows the foreground type, and the 3rd row shows
the path of the foreground in database. It is available to add, delete and move the information here.
Click “Add”, and the user can select the numeric or state foreground, and then configure the
display attribute and database attribute of the foreground in the popup dialog box, and after
confirmation, it can be displayed on the main interface of the console.

2.3.3 Online Window Management


Click “Start” “Window management”, and the following dialog box will pop up:

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Figure 2.3-3 Online window management

It lists the window information opened by the two window tools—graphic browser and curve tool.
The window information of the graphic browser is displayed in the mode of “Application
name/Graph name/Version” and the window information of the curve tool displays the name of the
curve group.

Click an entry and select “Close window” at the bottom, the designated window can be closed.

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3 Graph Editor

3.1 Overview

The Graph Editor, a key part of PCS-9000 EMS, is graphic software applicable to the power
system automation field. It is used to generate various supervision graphs, including the power
station graph, the system SLD, the PF diagram, the geographic map, the configuration diagram,
the index graph, the menu graph, the control graphs of various apps in the automation system as
well as the other graphs that can reflect the power equipment and computer status.

The Graph Editor with Qt as the graphic window language, based on the object-oriented
technology, is written in the C++ language. It has good cross-platform performance.

The Graph Editor is mainly designed with the following functions:

1) To generate the basic graph element such as dot, line, circle, rectangle, polygon and text;

2) To generate the pie chart, the bar chart, curve, database table and other widget on the graph;

3) To generate the equipment on the graph;

4) To define the foreground on the graph;

5) To edit and modify attributes of the various elements on the graph;

6) To generate the topologic relationship of the equipment on the graph;

7) To read, write and synchronize the graph;

8) To manage the version of the graph;

9) To generate database model according to the graph;

10) To import/export the graph;

11) Graph template function

3.2 Launching & Leaving

Two start methods are available:

1) Enter the command to the command line interface (CLI): drawgraph;

2) On the console, click “Start”“Program”“Tool”“Graph” “Graph Editor”.

Two exit methods are also available:

1) Click the close button on the right corner;

2) Select “File” “Exit”.

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3.3 Architecture

The architecture of the Graph Editor is shown below:

Figure 3.3-1 Interface of the Graph Editor

The interface of the Graph Editor mainly consists of the following parts:

1) Title bar: to display the current graph app, the graph name, the graph version, and the node
name;

2) Menu bar: Including File, Edit etc.;

3) Toolbar: Including the common operations of graphing, e.g., save, preview, zoom in/out etc.;

4) File list: To list in the tree structure all the graphs in the current system;

5) Primitive list: To display all the primitive in the current system;

6) Model: To display the model structure of the current power station by voltage level and bay;

7) Template list: To display the bay template and pattern template in the system;

8) Equipment list: To display the equipments in the current graph; double click the equipment
name to locate it in the graph;

9) Widget: To display the widgets valid in the graph, e.g., the pie/bar chart, and the list etc.;

10) Canvas: The area to draw and display the graph;

11) Status bar: To display the current mouse coordinates and status information.

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3.4 Functional Description

3.4.1 Primitive List


The interface of the primitive tab is shown in the figure below. It consists of two columns where the
upper column lists in the tree structure the type of all primitives and when a primitive type is
selected, all the primitive templates of the type will be displayed in the lower column. Click with the
right mouse button at the primitive template, and select “Default primitive”, the selected primitive
can be set as the default primitive of the equipment type. The default primitive name is marked
with “(default)”; select “Add to favorite primitives” to add it to the favorite primitive tag for easy
taking.

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Figure 3.4-1 Primitive list

Drag the equipment primitive of the primitive tab to the graph, and the following dialog box will pop
up:

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Figure 3.4-2 Equipment attribute

After the equipment attribute is set, select from the toolbar to draw the link line. The link line
has connection attribute. When it is connected to the equipment, the small rectangular box with
prompt will pop up, as shown in the figure below:

Figure 3.4-3 Drawing of link line

Select a link line, click the link node of the equipment with the left mouse button, and then
continuously drag and click it to the link node of another equipment. Finally, click with the right
mouse button at the graph to finish a link line. At the same time, the two equipments will be also
connected together.

3.4.2 Graph Dictionary


The graph dictionary lists in the tree structure all the graphs of the system, as shown in the figure
below:

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Figure 3.4-4 Graph dictionary

The list consists of three levels:

1) Graph app: Click with the right mouse button at the blank to add a graph app. Click with the
right mouse button at the graph app to execute such operations as “Add graph type”, or
“Delete APP” etc.;

2) Graph type: Click with the right mouse button at the graph type to execute such operations as
“Add graph”, “Delete graph type”, or “Import graph” etc.;

3) “Graph”: Click with the right mouse button at the graph name to execute such operations as
“Publish graph”, “Delete graph” or “Save as” etc.

3.4.3 Graph Import/Export


3.4.3.1 Graph Import

To import a graph, click with the right mouse button at the graph type and select “Import graph” or

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“Import folder”. If “Import file” is selected, the version of the file to be imported can be selected; if
“Import folder” is selected, it will prompt to import the draft or the latest version. After confirmation,
the selected graph can be imported to the current graph type.

3.4.3.2 Graph Export

Select “File”“Import and export”“Export as .svg file”, and the following dialog box will pop up:

Figure 3.4-5 SVG export

Select or fill in “SVG export option”, “Source graph”, “DataApp”, “Target”, and then click “Export”.
View the export prompt in the prompt box and then view the exported SVG file in the associated
export directory after the export is completed.

3.4.4 Create Foreground/Widget


3.4.4.1 Create Foreground

The foreground refers to the numeric quantity or status quantity displayed in the graph. Take the
numeric quantity as an example to explain how to create a foreground.

Select “numeric quantity” in “Measurement” type on the left primitive list and then select a numeric
quantity primitive to drag it to the graph, and the following dialog box will pop up:

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Figure 3.4-6 Numeric foreground

Select the database of the associated data point, and click “Search”, and the data searcher will
pop up. Select the measurement for associated database, and the associated value will be
displayed in “Path”, “Table”, “Field” and “OID”, indicating successful association.

Click “Display” to set such attribute of the foreground as color, font, format etc. After setup, click
“Ok” to finish the creation of foreground.

3.4.4.2 Create Widget

The “Widget” tab on the left lists all the widgets of the system. Take the bar chart as an example to
explain how to create a widget.

Select the bar chart in the widget list and press down the left mouse button on the canvas to drag it
out of the display range of the bar chart, as shown in the figure below.

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Figure 3.4-7 Bar chart widget

Double click the bar chart area, and the dialog box of the bar chart attribute will pop up, as shown
in the figure below.

Figure 3.4-8 Bar chart setup

The dialog box for bar definition consists of the follow tags:

1) The tag “Bar” is used to define the bar data attribute, color and limits.

(1) The above table shows the data association, color and limit status of each bar in the
current bar group. For the attribute with associated data, the corresponding cell will be
displayed with . In this case, put the mouse at the cell, it will display the actual data
attribute. For limit setup, if a limit is ticked but it is not associated with the data attribute,
the corresponding cell will be displayed with , indicating it is defined but has no

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“OID”.

(2) Click any “Data” button, the dialog box of data source will pop up. Click “Search”, the
data can be searched in the popup searcher. Then click “Ok”.

Both color and color decision can be set for each bar, where the setup method is the
same with that for the numeric quantity.

Before setting the color decision, the data source must be selected; otherwise, it will pop
up the prompt window.

2) “Basic”

(1) Effect attribute: To set the 3D bar, the geometric shape of the bar, the deviation angle
of the 3D status, the shade color, 3D depth etc.;

(2) Bar attribute: To set the limit display and data format etc.;

(3) Background attribute: To set the line type, line width, line color and filling of the
background in 3D status;

(4) Base attribute: To set the line type, line width, line color and filling of base in 3D status.

3) “Axis”

(1) Basic attribute: To set the auto-adjust of Y axis or customize the upper/lower limit of Y
axis;

(2) Scale attribute: To set the font, color, gradient of the scale in Y axis;

(3) Grid attribute: To set whether the background grid is available, the line type and width
of the grid line etc.

4) Legend

To set the display method, layout, color, font, direction of legend.

3.4.5 Color Decision & Symbol Decision


3.4.5.1 Color Decision

The color decision is, based on the status and priority of the database object, to set the object
color. The objects that can be provided with color decision include equipment, foreground, widget
etc. Take the status quantity as an example to explain the use of color decision.

Select a status quantity from the primitive list and drag it to the graph. First, associate the data
source, as shown in the figure below:

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Figure 3.4-9 Association of data source

Click the button “Color decision”, and the dialog box, as shown below, will pop up. Select the target
color decision from the list.

Figure 3.4-10 Color decision

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The color decisions defaulted by the system can be selected. Alternatively, click “Add” to
customize the color decision; or select an item, and click “Modify” to modify the attribute of the
color decision. For “Add” and “Modify”, the following dialog box “Color Decision Editor” will pop up,
as shown in the figure below. For example, to add a color decision. Enter the color decision name
to the column “Name” and select the table of the current foreground from “Table”, generally the last
one in the list. Then, click “Add” to add a color decision. Double click “Color” to select the target
color. If “Blink” is ticked, the selected color and the original color of the foreground will alternatively
blink when the condition is met. Finally, select the affected area of the decision from “Color type”,
including all colors, line color, border color, text color, fill color and one type can be selected to
render. If the decision item is in the front, it has higher priority, i.e., if it meets the conditions of
several decision items, the color of the top one will be displayed. Use “Up” and “Down” buttons to
adjust the priority of the decision item.

Figure 3.4-11 Decision item editor

Double click the cell of “Condition”, and the following dialog box will pop up for condition editor.
Having edited the conditions, click “Ok”.

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Figure 3.4-12 Condition editor

3.4.5.2 Symbol Decision

Symbol decision is, based on the status of the database object, to show the different display
patterns of the object. Take the status quantity as an example to explain the use of the symbol
decision.

Click “Symbol decision”, and the dialog box for decision selection will pop up. Select the symbol
decision from the list. Similar to the color decision, the symbol decision can be added and modified
by “Add” and “Modify” buttons, as shown in the figure below:

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Figure 3.4-13 Symbol decision editor

Double click the cell of “Condition”, and the condition editor, which is the same with that of the
color decision editor, will pop up. Having edited the conditions, select the display pattern.

3.4.6 Topology Color Scheme


Click “File”“Configure”, and select “Topology color setup” in the popup dialog box, as shown in
the figure below.

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Figure 3.4-14 Topology color setup

In the above figure, it displays the topology color of all the apps in the current system. To modify a
color, first click “Edit” and then double click the color column, and select the appropriate color in
the popup color dialog box. Use the combo boxes of app and database to view the topology color
setup for various apps.

3.4.7 Substation Graph Drawing


3.4.7.1 Create a Blank Substation Graph

Unfold “COMMON”“Power station SLD” in the graph dictionary, and click with the right mouse
button at “Power station SLD”, and select “Add graph”, and then fill in the graph name and
substation name in the popup dialog box, as shown in the figure below.

Figure 3.4-15 Add substation graph

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The graph name will be displayed in the graph dictionary list on the left. After filling model, a new
power station with the defined power station name will be generated to the SCADA measurement
model. Generally, the graph name and the power station name shall be consistent. After setup,
click “Ok”, and the graph draft of the new graph will be displayed in the graph list, and the blank
canvas will appear on the right.

Select “Primitive” in the file list and unfold the “Equipment” list, and select the target equipment
type, and then select the actual primitive in the primitive list, and directly drag it to the canvas.

In the popup primitive dialog box, define the equipment name, voltage level etc.

After the primitive parameters are defined, select “Insert”-“Text” (add description for the
equipment). In this case, the cursor will display a small cross. Press the left mouse button at the
place to add text and drag it to select the text scope. Unpress it, and the edit window for text
attributes will pop up, where the display text can be defined.

After the text attributes are defined, click “Ok”, and the cursor will still display a small cross by
default, indicating it is still in the text defining mode. If it does not need to define other text, single
click the right mouse button to exit from the text defining mode, and the cursor will display the
normal arrow.

A line can be drawn in the above method, and then click “Link line” in the toolbar, and the cursor
will display a small cross, and the graph will enter the link line drawing mode. Move the cursor to
the equipment link node position, and the cursor will display a red point, indicating it captures the
associated link node. Single click the left mouse button, and move the cursor to the corresponding
link node of the equipment at the other end. When the cursor display a red point, single click the
left mouse button, and move the cursor, and the link line will still follow it. Single click the right
mouse button to end drawing the current link line.

At this time, however, the mouse still displays the small cross, indicating it is still in the drawing
mode of link lines. It can continue to draw another link line. If it does not need to draw the next link
line, single click again at the right mouse button to exit from the drawing mode of link lines.

A breaker can be drawn in the same way. After the primitive attributes are defined, select a breaker,
and directly drag it to the link line. In this case, the link line will be automatically disconnected at
the link nodes on both sides of the breaker, and add the breaker into it.

After the whole SLD is drawn, the title shall be added. Switch the file list window to “Graph”. For
easy link to the main directory of the power station, the title can be set in the display mode of hot
point. Click “ ” in the toolbar (or the existing hot point can be copied from other power station
graph and then modified as demand). After the cursor becomes to a small cross, press the left
mouse button to the target location and drag it to the appropriate size. Unpress it, and the dialog
box “Hot point setup” will pop up, where the text and action attribute can be set, as shown in the
figure below.

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Figure 3.4-16 Hot point setup

Click “More” to set the font and display appearance of the hot point. After setup, click “Ok”, and
then click the right mouse button to exit from the drawing mode of hot point. In the same way, the
hot points for linking to the measurement schedule, the BI schedule and the control schedule can
be prepared. After the graph title and the relevant link buttons are added, click “ ” in the toolbar,
and the graph can be saved.

After saving, check the information prompt bar. If some equipment is not connected, it shall be
handled and then saved again.

Since the graph has not been filled for modeling and OID is equivalent to the address of the
equipment in the database, it is ok to have the prompt that no OID is available for the equipment
before filling the model.

3.4.7.2 Publish the Power Station Graph

After the graph is saved, it will generate a graph draft. Then select the graph name in the graph list,
and click the right mouse button and select “Publish graph”.

After the graph is successfully published, it will only display the latest version below the graph
name.

3.4.7.3 Filling Model for Power Station Graph

Click “ ” in the toolbar to fill the model. Then the following dialog box will pop up. Select the target
app and click “Ok” to fill the model.

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Figure 3.4-17 Fill model

If filling model succeeds, a prompt dialog box will pop up. If it fails, the prompt will appear in the
error prompt bar.

3.4.7.4 Online View and Check

Click “ ” in the toolbar to preview the graph. If all equipment and link lines are all grey (the color
uncharged), and the breakers, disconnectors and earthing switches are displayed with “×” (invalid
position), it means the graph is successfully drawn.

3.4.8 Template Operation


The template function, a key part of graph editor, can dramatically improve the speed to generate
the graph and the working efficiency via preparing the whole or partial graph to a template and
reusing it. Take a bay template as an example to explain the use of templates.

3.4.8.1 Create Template

To create a template, first select the targets from the graph ,click right mouse button and select
“Save as template”, as shown in the figure below.

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Figure 3.4-18 Save as template

Enter the bay template name to the popup dialog box, and then click “Ok”. A new graph editor will
pop up where the new bay template will be displayed.

3.4.8.2 Use Template

To use a template, click “Template” on the left, select the target template, and drag it to the graph.
If the template has variables, the dialog box to substitute the variable will pop up. Enter the
character string for substitution, and then all equipment name matched in the template will be
substituted. Finally, move the template to the target position and edit the equipment in the template
just as the ordinary one.

3.4.8.3 Edit and Delete Template

To edit a template, select the target template from the template list, and click the right mouse
button. Select “Edit template” on the popup menu and the interface of a graph editor will be
opened to display the template.

To delete a template, select “Delete template” in the right-mouse-button menu, and select “Ok” in
the popup dialog box. Then the template will be deleted.

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3.5 Instantiated Description

3.5.1 Description of Feeder Graph


3.5.1.1 Plot Feeder Graph

To create a new feeder graph, first create a blank graph and then fill equipment and plot link lines.
Or, paste a graph of similar structure and then modify the same.

3.5.1.2 Create Blank Feeder Graph

In the graph dictionary, unfold “common”—>“feeder graph”. Right click “feeder graph” and select
“Add graph” as shown in the figure below.

Figure 3.5-1 Create Blank Feeder Graph

In the graph name definition dialog box popped up, define graph name, substation name, and
feeder name, as shown below:

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Figure 3.5-2 Name Definition Dialog

The graph name will be displayed in the graph list in the graph dictionary at left side of the window.
After filling model on the graph, a new station of the defined name will be generated in the SCADA
measuring point model, with the feeder hung under this station. After setting, click OK; the draft
newly added graph will be displayed in the graph list and a blank canvas will be displayed in the
plotting area at the right side; refer to the figure below:

Figure 3.5-3 New Added Graph

Select tab “Primitive” in File list window and unfold “Equipment” list. Select type of equipment to be
used and select particular primitive in the list of primitives below. Then, directly drag it to the
plotting area; for example, by doing so, a busbar section is drawn as shown below:

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Figure 3.5-4 A New Busbar Section

In the primitive setting dialog box popped up, define equipment name and voltage level, as shown
in the figure below:

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Figure 3.5-5 Voltage Level Definition

After defining primitive parameters, check “Label” to add text description for the equipment. By
default, tab name is consistent with equipment name. After setting, click “Ok”. In this way, a bus is
plotted, as shown below:

Figure 3.5-6 A New Bus

Click linking orthogonal line button “ ” on the toolbar; the cursor will be displayed as a small
cross and the graph will enter link line plotting mode. Move cursor to the position of equipment
connection point; the cursor will be displayed as a red dot, indicating capture of corresponding
connection point. Left click mouse and then move cursor to the corresponding equipment
connection point at the other end. When red dot is displayed, left click mouse again. At this time,

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the link line still follows movement of the cursor. You need to right click mouse to end plotting of
current link line, as shown in the figure below:

Figure 3.5-7 A New Line

However, at this time, the cursor is still displayed as a small cross, indicating being in the mode of
plotting link line. You can continue to plot the next link line. Or, right click mouse again to exit link
line plotting mode.

Use the same method to plot a CB. After defining primitive attribute, select CB and directly drag it
to the link line. At this time, the link line will automatically open at connection points at both sides of
the CB. Add the CB between these points, as shown in the figure below:

Figure 3.5-8 A New Breaker

After plotting the whole main wiring diagram, a title needs to be added for the graph. Switch the
File list window to tab “Graph”. To allow easy linking to the station main directory graph from the
operating graph of this station diagram, the title can be displayed in the form of hot point. Click hot

point button “ ” on the toolbar (or copy set hot point from another station diagram for
modification); after the cursor becomes a small cross, left click the point where the title will be
displayed and drag the mouse to display suitable size. Release mouse to pop up dialog box “Hot
point setup”. In the tab “Action”, select the graph to go to. You can set this by referencing the figure
below:

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Figure 3.5-9 Action Definition

To set hot point font, format, and displayed appearance, click tab “Basic” for setup. After setup,
click OK and right click mouse to exit hot point plotting mode. Use the same method to create hot
point buttons linking schedule of measurements, schedule of BI, and schedule of control. After

adding graph title and relevant link buttons, click button “ ” on the toolbar to save the graph, as
shown in the figure below:

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Figure 3.5-10 Graph Saving

After saving, notice the information prompt bar at lower part of the window. In case of invalid
hanging of equipment due to improper connection, handle and save the graph again. For example,
the information prompt bar below prompts disconnection of the link line.

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Figure 3.5-11 Error Location

Double click the error prompt below to locate the equipment on the graph.

Since the graph has not undergone filling of model and OID is equivalent to equipment address in
database, before filling model for the graph, it is normal to prompt lack of equipment OID and this
needs not be handled.

Next, generate analog quantity foreground for the graph. First select the equipment, e.g. 110kV
Hewan Line, and then right click this equipment and select “Batch edit foreground by type” (you
can also select “Edit foreground”; but this will generate foreground for the selected item of
equipment only, and foregrounds of all equipment items need to be generated one by one; hence
this mode is not recommended), as shown in the figure below:

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Figure 3.5-12 Foreground Setting

In the dialog box “Batch create foreground by type” popped up, select the analog quantity to be
displayed on the graph, as shown in the figure below:

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Figure 3.5-13 Foreground Setting

After generation of foreground, note whether the position of the foreground is reasonable; if not,
manually adjust foreground position to ensure not blinding other content of the graph, as shown in
the figure below:

Figure 3.5-14 Foreground Setting

Attention! Equipment for which analog quantity foreground needs to be generated

normally includes line, load, bus, incoming line bus, ordinary CB, incoming line CB,
incoming line feeder segment, and distribution transformer etc.

After plotting a graph, feeder graph can be published.

3.5.1.3 Modify Other Feeder Graph

Activate graph editor. First, in the graph list at left side, select a graph of similar structure and
layout to those of the new feeder graph and display it in the plotting area. Then, right click this
graph and select “Save current graph as…”, as shown in the figure below:

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Figure 3.5-15 Graph Saving

In the graph name definition dialog box popped up, add new graph name, as shown in the figure
below:

Figure 3.5-16 Graph Setting

After clicking OK, the new feeder graph will appear in the graph list, as shown in the figure below:

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Figure 3.5-17 New Feeder Graph

Right click a blank place of the graph and select “Graph attribute…”, as shown in the figure below:

Figure 3.5-18 Graph Attribute

In the graph attribute dialog box popped up, you need to modify the feeder name to the new feeder
name and bay name, as shown in the figure below:

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Figure 3.5-19 Graph Attribute

After confirmation, save this graph and then start to modify graph content.

Modify each equipment name to new equipment name. To do so, the mode of modification of
single equipment name or the mode of batch replacement of character string can be used.

Single equipment modification mode: double click CB R2-01 to pop up the primitive attributes
dialog box shown below; equipment name in this box needs to be modified; refer to the figure
below:

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Figure 3.5-20 Breaker Attribute

Mode of batch replacement of character string: select a number of items of equipment and
their text descriptions; then right click mouse and select “Replace string”, as shown in the figure
below:

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Figure 3.5-21 Replace String

In the Replace string dialog box popped up, fill in new character string, as shown in the figure
below:

Figure 3.5-22 Replace String

Click OK; “R2” in all selected equipment names and corresponding text descriptions will be
modified to “R3”, as shown in the figure below:

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Figure 3.5-23 Replace String

3.5.1.4 Delete Feeder Graph

To delete a feeder graph, select this graph in the graph list, right click name of this graph, and then
select “Delete graph”, as shown in the figure below:

Figure 3.5-24 Delete Graph

The following dialog box will pop up to prompt confirmation of deletion:

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Figure 3.5-25 Delete Graph Comfirmation

Click “Yes” to complete deletion of the graph.

3.5.1.5 Publish Feeder Graph

After plotting or modification of the whole graph, click button “ ” on the toolbar to save this

graph. Then, select name of this graph in the graph list, right click mouse on it, and select “Publish
graph”, as shown in the figure below:

Figure 3.5-26 Publish Graph

After successful publishing of the graph, under name of this graph, only latest version will be
displayed, as shown in the figure below:

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Figure 3.5-27 Latest Edition

3.5.1.6 Fill Model for Feeder Graph

Click button “ ” (Fill model) on the toolbar to fill model for the graph. At end of filling model,
the following prompt dialog box will pop up. After confirmation, check for error message in the
information bar. If there is no error message, proceed with database publishing. In the command
window, run “dbiol scada input” to activate the database interface. You can also activate the
database interface from the console: “Tool”—>“scada data model maintenance”. The database
interface activated is shown in the figure below:

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Figure 3.5-28 Database I/O

First, click button “ ” on the toolbar and input username and password, to enter
database editing. Unfold “scadamdlLayeredView”—>“Substation” to check for addition of
corresponding substation. Next, unfold the substation to check for addition of corresponding
feeders, as shown in the figure below:

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Figure 3.5-29 Database I/O

Click button “ ” on the toolbar to verify correctness of the database. After prompt of

successful verification, click button “ ” to publish the database. Successful publishing will

be prompted by a message box popped up.

3.5.1.7 Online Check of Graph

Activate graph editor and open the plotted feeder graph. Click button “ ” (Preview) on the
toolbar for online browsing of the graph. Put the mouse on equipment to view tips related to this
equipment. “+” indicates the field affecting CB displayed status, as shown in the figure below:

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Figure 3.5-30 Tip Instruction

At this time, the CB is displayed in pink due to color decision; refer to the figure below:

Figure 3.5-31 Instruction Definition

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With valid field “stopUpdate”, corresponding color is pink.

If the display is abnormal, click button “ ” (Edit graph) on the toolbar to return to the graph
editor for modification of the graph. Later, save and publish the graph. If necessary, fill model and
publish the database, till online browsing shows that the graph is normal.

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4 Online Operation

4.1 Overview

Online operation serves as the interactive bridge between the user and PCS-9000 EMS, enabling
the user to conveniently interact with the system and fulfill the designated operation.

The main functions for online operation consist of graphic user interface, SCADA operation, alarm
and event records, and PDR operation.

4.2 Functional Description

4.2.1 Graphic User Interface


4.2.1.1 Launching & Leaving

Two launching methods are available:

1) The graphic browser will automatically start when the user runs the console;

2) Access Command Line Interface (CLI) and execute this command: online.

Two leaving methods are available:

1) Click the close button on the top right corner.

2) Select “File””Exit”.

4.2.1.2 Architecture

The interface of the graphic browser is shown below:

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Figure 4.2-1 Graphic browser interface

The layout of the graphic browser consists of the following parts:

1) Title bar: To display the graph information currently opened (application name, graph name
and edition), node name and user name.

2) Menu bar: Menu of various operation settings, including “File”, “View”, “Operate”, “Favorites”,
“Apps”, “Style” etc.

3) Toolbar: Common operations.

4) Main window: To display the graph currently opened.

5) Status bar: It consists of two parts: The left part displays the user custom information, and the
right part displays some attributes of the graph currently opened, e.g., data refresh rate,
number of data modification, current file format, flicker frequency, number of flicker objects,
and clock etc.

4.2.1.3 Export Graph

The graph can be exported to graph file or SVG file.

To export as the graphic file, select “File” “Export to graph”, and a dialog box will pop up to
prompt whether export the local graphic zone as a graph. Select “Yes” to enter the local graph
export mode, and select the local graph zone by the left key of the mouse. Unpress it, and the

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dialog box for file export will pop up. Select “No”, and it will enter the whole graph export mode,
and the dialog box to directly export the file will pop up. Select “Cancel”, the operation of graph
export will be cancelled. After the position is selected, a graphic file can be generated at the
designated position for the current graph.

To export as the SVG file, select “File”“Export to SVG”, and the dialog box for file export will pop
up. After the position is selected, a SVG file can be generated at the designated position for the
current graph.

4.2.1.4 Print

Select “File” “Print”, and the following dialog box will pop up:

Figure 4.2-2 Print setup

The “Print” function supports “Original color” and “Reverse color” and “Whole graph” and “Part of
graph” functions. If “Part of graph” is selected and after clicking at “OK”, the part of the graph can
be selected by the left key of the mouse. After unpressing, the dialog box on printer attributes will
pop up. If “Whole graph” is selected and after clicking at “OK”, the dialog box on printer attributes
will directly pop up. After the printer attributes are set, it can be directly printed.

4.2.1.5 Equipment List

Open a graph and click the item “Equipment” in the resource menu, two tabs will show up:
“Equipment list” and “Search”, as shown in the figure below. In “Equipment list”, it lists all the
equipment in the current graph by voltage level and displays the type of equipment. Unfold a
voltage level and double click the equipment, it will be selected and put in the center of the graph.

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Figure 4.2-3 Equipment list

Click the tab “Search” and enter the equipment name in the edit box “Search”, and the equipment
matched with the entered content will be displayed in the table below. Double click the equipment,
it will be selected and put in the center of the graph. With the help of “Equipment list” and “Search”,
the equipment can be easily positioned in the graph.

4.2.1.6 Search

Two search methods are available:

1) Click the button “Search” in the toolbar

After entering the search character string , click the button “Search” in the toolbar. If any matching
object exists, the first one will be put in the center of the graph and surrounded by a flickering
yellow circle. Click “Search” until no matching object exists.

2) Use the shortcut button “Ctrl+F”

Use the shortcut button “Ctrl+F”, and the dialog box will pop up, as shown below. After entering the
search character string and select the setting options, click the button “Search” or “Find next”. If
any matching object exists, the first one will be put in the center of the graph and surrounded by a
flickering yellow rectangular box, and the No. and name of the matching object will be
simultaneously displayed in the title bar. Click “Find next” until no matching object exists. In this
case, the title bar will display “Search end”; and it will directly display “Search end” if no matching
object exists.

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Figure 4.2-4 Graph content search

4.2.1.7 Online Setup

Click “File” “Config”, and select “Graph setup” in the dialog box, as shown below, to configure
the options of the graphic browser.

Figure 4.2-5 Graph setup

It can set the graph display attribute, startup graph and etc., including the number of recent graphs,
background color, refreshing interval, background watermark, process to be opened in graph,
startup graph of user.

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The authority “Startup graph of user” requires the authority of “Startup graph
configuration”.

4.2.1.8 Online Data Query

Click the right key at the numerical or status quantity foreground, and the following menu will pop
up.

Figure 4.2-6 Right-key options of graphic browser

Click the option and the associated operation can be done, including “Equipment parameter”,
“Acknowledge alarm”, “Forcing measurement”, “Stop alarm” and the like.

4.2.2 Alarm & Event Records


4.2.2.1 Launching & Leaving

Two launching methods are available:

1) Access Command Line Interface (CLI) and execute this command: alarm;

2) Click the alarm button on the toolbar of the console.

Two leaving methods are available:

1) Click the button “Exit” in the toolbar;

2) Select the menu “File” ”Exit”.

4.2.2.2 Architecture

The alarm tool interface is shown below:

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Figure 4.2-7 Alarm tool interface

1) Title bar

To display the node name and the user name currently logged in as well as the running status
of the alarm database.

2) Menu bar

File:

including “Environment setup”, “Save environment setup”, “Ack all”, and “Exit” etc.

Available Tab operation of window 1:

Indicating the available operations of the current alarm window, including “Modify tab filter”,
“Ack tab alarm”, “Search”, “Export/Print”, “Stop refreshing” etc.

In application, more menu bars (e.g.: “Available Tab operation of window 2”, “Available Tab
operation of window 3”)... can be configured according to requirements.

3) Toolbar

Including such common operations of the alarm tool as “Environment setup”, “Save
environment setup”, “Ack all”, “Recommended environment config”, “Exit”, “Print”. Etc.

4) Alarm display window

4.2.2.3 Alarm Environment Setup

In the alarm tool, up to seven alarm display windows can be defined, and each alarm window can
be defined with several alarm tabs. The alarm display windows are independent from each other,

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and the tabs will refresh the alarm independently at refresh interval of 1-2s.

Click the button “Environment setup”, and the dialog box for environment setup will pop up, as
shown below:

Figure 4.2-8 Environment setup

The tabs on the environment setup interface are described below.

1) Normal setup

 Display alarm color by:

It shows the word color configuration for alarm record display on the alarm window, including
two types: Level color (different colors for different alarm levels, with data source from “Alarm
level” domain in the database) and group color (different colors for different groups, with data
source from “Group color” domain in the database).

 Normal setup consists of the followings:

(1) “Acked alarm color”: the color for displaying the record words when the alarm record is
acknowledged.

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(2) “Window background color”: the background color of the alarm display window.

(3) “List background color”: the background color of the alarm record list in the alarm tab.

(4) “Normal alarm color”: the color of the alarm words when the display alarm color has no
associated configuration.

(5) “Alternate color”: the color different from the list background color. When the check box
is ticked, the list background of the alarm window will adopt the alternative display of
the list background color and the alternate color.

(6) “Window display style”: the style of the current alarm tool window display, totally 7
options to display 1-7 windows.

(7) “Show grid”: When the check box is ticked, the list of the alarm window will display the
content in grids.

(8) “Font size”: to set the size of the alarm record words.

(9) “Show title when minimized”: When the check box is ticked and the alarm tool is
minimized to a strip, the prompt words will be displayed on the left of the strip.

(10) “Position when minimized”: the position of the strip when the alarm tool is minimized to
a strip after the check box is ticked. It can select the top, middle and the bottom of the
window.

(11) “Minimize when start”: When the check box is ticked, the alarm tool will automatically
minimize to a strip after startup.

(12) “Auto-popup”: The alarm window will automatically pop up when a new alarm is
present after the check box is ticked and the current alarm tool is minimized.

2) Advanced setup

 Key alarm window setup:

It is mainly to set the attributes of the key display alarm window, which, independent from the
main window of the alarm tool, is aimed to remind the operator to notice the current system
fault. In the window, the key alarm content shall be displayed in the striking font and color with
flickering effect where the font size, color and flickering can be set here.

 Correlation window setup:

A window can be selected in the alarm tool to serve as the auxiliary window of the 1st window.
The content displayed in the window is the correlation signal of the 1st window and it is called
as the correlation alarm window. The group is mainly used to set the attributes of the
correlation window, including:

(1) Display correlation alarm window: When the check box is ticked, it means that a
window will be selected as the correlation window of the 1st window according to the
follow-up setup.

(2) Cover the window subscript: To indicate which window is currently used as the

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correlation window.

The setup can only be valid when the current style is set in a range of 2-7, i.e., the
correlation window can be set only when 2 or more windows are available in the current
alarm tool.

(3) Correlation database name: the database as the data source of the correlation
window.

(4) Correlation table name: the table as the data source of the correlation window.

 Other setup

(1) Use Ack color for OK: When the check box is ticked, the acknowledged alarm record
will be displayed in the “Ack color” in “Normal setup”.

(2) All Ack buttons displayed on toolbar: When the check box is ticked, the button “All Ack”
will be displayed on the toolbar.

(3) Use Alarm shunt: When the check box is ticked, the alarms displayed on the alarm
window will be all subject to check by AOR; otherwise, they will not be subject to check
by AOR. The function setup needs the authority of “Alarm shunt”.

(4) Need authority check for OK: When the check box is ticked, it will judge whether the
user has the authority of “Alarm ack”; otherwise, it will not judge.

(5) Use uniform color configuration: When the check box is ticked, the tool will
automatically save the relevant color configuration for web when the user saves the
environment setup.

3) Level color setup

The user can configure the level color according to the value of the “Alarm level” domain in the
alarm table of the database. The function needs the user has the authority of “Alarm color setup”.

4) Group color setup

The user can configure the group color according to the value of the “Group color” domain in the
alarm table of the database. The function needs the user has the authority of “Group color setup”.

4.2.2.4 Alarm Tab Operation

The operations of alarm tabs are mostly on the right key menu. Only the selected tab is displayed
on the alarm window (in red words). And the executable operations can pop up when clicking at
the tab with the right key of the mouse.

1) Manage tab list

Click the menu option, the dialog box, as shown below, will pop up. The dialog box will display
the tab list included in the current selected alarm window. It supports the following functions:
“MoveUp”, “MoveDown”, “Modify”, “Add”, and “Delete”. Besides, it can set whether the tab
can be closed by double clicks of the left key.

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Figure 4.2-9 Manage tab

2) Modify tab filter condition

Click the menu option, the dialog box of condition setup, as shown below, will pop up. The
original filter conditions of the current tab will be automatically displayed on the dialog box,
and the user can make modifications as demanded. After clicking at “Ok”, the alarm tool will
conduct filter display for the tab according to the modified filter conditions.

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Figure 4.2-10 Modify filter condition

3) Acknowledge tab alarm

Click the menu option, and the alarm tool will acknowledge all the unacknowledged alarm
records of the current tab.

4) Search

Click the menu option, and the dialog box of condition setup, as shown above, will pop up.
The search function, however, can select the start time and the end time (as shown in the
figure below). If a search template is available, click “Import search template” at the left
bottom of the dialog box, and the search conditions saved previously will be loaded to the
dialog box.

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Figure 4.2-11 Alarm Search

5) Cancel search

If it is currently in the search status, the menu option is valid. In this case, click the option to
cancel the current search status and recover to the real-time refresh alarm status.

4.2.2.5 Alarm Record Operation

The alarm record operations are mainly on the right key menu. Click an alarm record on the alarm
window with the right key, the executable operations of the record will pop up, including
“PowerStation track”, “MeasurePoint track”, “Open PowerStation graph”, “Ack selected alarm”,
“Ack alarm by object”, “Ack alarm by PowerStation” etc. Besides, double click the alarm record
with the left key can acknowledge the operation.

1) PowerStation track

Click the menu option, and the entry dialog box will pop up. Enter the tab name, and a tab will
be added to the current window by the alarm tool, which will track all the alarms generated in
the power station that the current alarm record belongs to.

2) MeasurePoint track

Click the menu option, and the entry dialog box will pop up. Enter the tab name, and a tab will
be added to the current window by the alarm tool, which will track all the alarms generated at
the measurement.

3) Open PowerStation graph

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Click the menu option, and the graphic browser will be started to open the associated power
station graph of the current alarm record.

4) Ack selected alarm

Press the key “Ctrl” to conduct multi-selection of the alarm records, and then click the menu
option to acknowledge all the selected alarm records.

4.2.3 SCADA Operation


In the SCADA system, the measurement information consists of analog information, status
information, and accumulator information. In the database, the information of the measurement is
marked by the attribute of the measurement record.

The analog information consists of numerical value and quality attribute, and the latter includes
Overlimit (Y/N), Stop update (Y/N), Stop alarm (Y/N) and etc. The status information consists of
Close/Open status, Emergency trip (Y/N), Position changed (Y/N), Stop update (Y/N) and etc.

SCADA operation uses the graph as the interface of human-machine interaction for system
input/output to conduct a series of operation and reflect the operation result on the graph.

4.2.3.1 Query Operation

The display of measurement information and the associated quality attribute is usually by the
query operation on the numerical foreground, which will be described in details in the following
sections.

3.2.3.1.1 Browse Real-time Data

Data query refers to all the queries on the information correlated with the numerical foreground,
including Multi-source data, Analog supervision information, His/Statistic information, and the
associated attribute of measurement (including RTU information) and etc.

Take analog query as an example. Select “Query data” on the numerical foreground with the right
key. Similarly, for the status query, click “Query data” on the equipment primitive with the right key,
and the dialog box of query will pop up.

1) Multi-source query

The multi-source information includes From RTU, From calculation, From line opposite
terminal, From central dispatch center etc. On the interface, it will display the numerical value,
update time, In service (Y/N), Selected (Y/N), Selected forcefully (Y/N).

To manually switch a data source, double click the domain “Selected forcefully”, and the
domain “Selected” of the data source will become “Yes” and so will the domain “Selected
forcefully”, indicating success of manual switching of data source.

For the RTU source, the following information is available: RTU address, measurement
address, regulation address, raw value, K, B, threshold, reverse (Y/N), as shown below.

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Figure 4.2-12 Multi-source information

2) Query analog

“Query analog” mainly includes the query on the basic attribute and the quality of the
measurement.

Figure 4.2-13 Analog attribute information

3) Analog supervision information

Analog supervision information consists of the query on the supervision information of the
measurement, including Overlimit supervision, Permanent data supervision and Oscillatory
supervision. For the analog information with rating (or percent) supervision, the setting
information is available for rating (or percent) supervision. The supervision configuration
window is shown in the figure below.

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Figure 4.2-14 Analog supervision information

4) History/Statistic information

The History/Statistic information includes the followings:

(1) Classification and period of the saving history of the measurement;

(2) Type, period and threshold of trend curve;

(3) Extreme value statistic information of the analog information, today/yesterday


(extreme value and time).

Figure 4.2-15 Analog statistic information

3.2.3.1.2 Browse History Data

For a measurement with history saving demand, its right-key menu will be designed with the

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option “Query history data”. The tool “HisToolBox” can display the history saving information and
the statistic information of the measurement or the selected measurement.

Figure 4.2-16 Query history data

3.2.3.1.3 Formular Query

For a measurement with formular source, its right-key menu will be designed with the option
“Formular query”.

Formular query will display the information on the formula of the measurement, including the
calculation factor and its current value, Math Expression, Run Mode, and Result information. If the
calculation factor is the result of another calculation formula, double click any position of the line
where the calculation factor is located, and the query result on the calculation formula of the factor
will pop up.

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Figure 4.2-17 Formular query

3.2.3.1.4 Event Query

The history event that happens at the measurement can be queried, e.g., the status alarm
information, SOE information, the analog supervision information etc.

Figure 4.2-18 Event query

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3.2.3.1.5 Curve Query

For a measurement with history saving demand, its right-key menu will be designed with the
option “Query history curve”, which will display the history saving information of the measurement
with the help of the curve tool. Please refer to Chapter 6 Trending for the detailed operation.

4.2.3.2 Forced BI/Measurement

The following basic operations are available for the numerical foreground of a measurement
(including the status and analog information):

1) Forced measurement

The option is used to conduct forced measurement for the numerical value. After forced
measurement, the numerical quantity will not be updated. The rationality judgment will be
automatically conducted for the analog information before forced measurement.

2) Manual close/open

When the current equipment status information is “Closed”, it will display “Manual open”;
when the equipment status information is “Opened”, it will display “Manual close”; when the
equipment status information is “Invalid”, it will display “Manual open” and “Manual close”; and
if forced BI has been conducted, it will display the forced BI operation reverse to the current
status.

3) Cancel forced BI/measurement

After the above forced BI/measurement has been conducted to the numerical or status
information, the operation can be used to resume it to the normal update status.

4) Stop alarm

To make the measurement stop alarm.

5) Acknowledge alarm

To acknowledge the relevant alarms of the measurement.

6) Acknowledge the power plant

To acknowledge all the alarm information of the power plant where the measurement belongs
to.

For the status information foreground of a measurement, the menu, as shown below, will pop up
after clicking at the right key:

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Figure 4.2-19 Right-key menu of status information

The status functions on the right-key menu are shown in the table below from top to bottom.

Table 4.2-1 Right-key menu of status information

No. Name Description

1 Inquire Parameter To display the relevant parameter information of the measurement

2 Inquire measurement To display the multi-source, statistic information of the measurement

3 Inquire event To display the alarm information of the measurement

4 Manual close To manually switch the equipment to the close position

5 Exit operation To make the equipment out of operation

6 Begin maintenance Set the maintenance status of the measurement as “True”

7 Begin test Set the test status of the measurement as “True”

Set the Stop alarm status of the measurement as “True”, i.e., no alarm
8 Stop alarm
information will be transmitted

9 Stop updating Set the Stop updating status of the measurement as “True”

Set the Stop control status of the measurement as “True”, i.e., no


10 Stop control
remote control is available to the measurement

11 Acknowledge alarm To acknowledge the alarm information generated at the measurement

12 Equipment tag To put a tag on the equipment that belongs to the measurement

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No. Name Description

13 Control Remote control is conducted to the measurement

For the analog information foreground of a measurement, the menu, as shown below, will pop up
after clicking at the right key:

Figure 4.2-20 Right-key options of analog information

The analog functions on the right-key menu are shown in the table below from top to bottom.

Table 4.2-2 Right-key menu of analog information

No. Name Description

1 Inquire Parameter To display the relevant parameter information of the measurement

2 Inquire measurement To display the multi-source, statistic information of the measurement

3 Inquire event To display the alarm information of the measurement

4 Inquire history curve To display the history curve of the measurement

5 Forcing measurement To conduct forcing measurement to the measurement

6 Exit operation To make the equipment out of operation

7 Begin maintenance Set the maintenance status of the measurement as “True”

8 Begin test Set the test status of the measurement as “True”

Set the Stop alarm status of the measurement as “True”, i.e., no alarm
9 Stop alarm
information will be transmitted

10 Stop updating Set the Stop updating status of the measurement as “True”

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No. Name Description

Set the Stop control status of the measurement as “True”, i.e., no


11 Stop control
remote control is available to the measurement

12 Acknowledge alarm To acknowledge the alarm information generated at the measurement

13 Regulation operation Regulation operation is conducted to the measurement

4.2.3.3 Equipment Tag

A component can be selected for equipment tag on the graph. The equipment tag can realize the
function similar to the above status setup. For example, the repair tag is to set the equipment in
repair status.

The typical tags are described below:

1) Repair tag

It sets the object in the repair status. In this case, the measurement it correlates with will not
be updated, alarmed and nor remote control is allowed.

2) Alarm tag

It only displays on the graph for warning.

3) Grounding tag

When the object is allowed to be grounded, the grounding tag can be set; otherwise, it is
impossible.

4) Custom tag

The custom tags can be manually defined. If the custom tag needs the associated function, it
needs to configure and realize the associated program.

The following objects can be marked with equipment tag: the power plant, the bay, the
equipment and the measurement. Below will introduce the operation method for tagging the
objects.

5) Power plant tag

Click the right key at the blank of the power plant graph and select “PowerPlant tag”. Fill in the
associated parameters in the popup dialog box and then click “Ok”. And the tag is
successfully marked, and the tag symbol will appear on the power plant graph.

6) Bay tag

Click the right key at a CB or a DS and then select “Bay tag”. Fill in the associated parameters
in the popup dialog box and then click “Ok”. And the tag is successfully marked, and the tag
symbol will appear in the center of the bay display area.

7) Equipment and measurement tag

The process is similar for the equipment and measurement. First, find out the associated

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foreground on the power plant graph, and then click the right key on the foreground. Select
“Tag” on the popup menu. After setup, click “Ok”. And the tag is successfully marked.

After tagging, the associated tag will be displayed on the foreground of the object.

8) Move, modify, comment and delete the tag

(1) Move

After successful tagging, the tag will be displayed on the center of the foreground by
default. It can be moved to other positions in the following way: Press the left key on the
tag symbol and move the mouse to the other position on the graph, and then unpress
the left key. In this way, the tag symbol will be displayed in a new place. And when the
tag symbol is being moved, a straight line can be seen leading to the associated
component.

(2) Modify

To modify the parameter of the tag, click the right key menu at the tag symbol and select
“Modify”, and then the “dialog box of Tag setup” will pop up where the valid time can be
set and the comment can be modified.

Figure 4.2-21 Tag operation

(3) Comment

The tag can be commented on the above graph. The commented words will be
recorded in the SCADA database.

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(4) Delete

A tag can be deleted in the following method: Click the tag symbol with the right key and
select “Untag” on the menu, the tag can be successfully untagged.

4.2.3.4 Status Setup

SCADA status setup refers to set up the quality attribute of various objects (measurement or
equipment). The operation objects consist of several levels (Power plant, bay, equipment,
measurement), and the following operation types are included:

1) Service setup

No handling or alarm is enabled for the power plant, equipment, bay, measurement,
acquisition module, or acquisition point that is out of service.

2) Repair setup

No remote control or alarm is enabled for the object in repair status.

3) Alarm setup

No alarm is enabled for the object in the status “Stop alarm”.

4) Update setup

Its associated value or status will not be updated for the object in the status “Stop updating”.

5) Control setup

No control is available for the object in the status of “Stop control”.

6) Test setup

For the object in the status of “Testing”, it will be only handled at the test node, and no
handling is available at the normal node.

The setup operations are basically in the same step. Below, we will introduce the setup
process of several objects.

7) Equipment and measurement setup

Click the right key at the foreground of the equipment or measurement and then click “Status
setup” in the menu, and a sub-menu will popup where the available setups will be prompted.

For instance, if a CB is originally not in the “Repair” status, the option “Begin repair” will show
up; otherwise, the option “End repair” will show up.

Click the option “Begin repair”, and it will display the box to prompt the failure if the setup
operation fails; otherwise, it succeeds. After successful setup, the color on the foreground of
the associated graph will change. Please refer to “Graph color decision definition” for details.

8) Bay setup

The bay information is usually set up by the status measurement.

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Select the setup operation at the popup menu “Status setup”“Bay setup” and then set it in
the steps similar to the equipment and measurement setup.

After the bay is successfully set up, its range includes all the components and measurements
in the bay.

9) Power plant setup

Click the right key at the blank of the power plant, and select the setup in the popup menu
“PowerPlant status setup”.

After the power plant is successfully set up, its range includes all the equipment, components
and measurements in the power plant.

4.2.3.5 Remote Control

Control and regulation mainly refer to opening/closing of the CBs in the power station remotely
controlled, change of the tap position of the transformer, enable/disable of the capacitor, regulation
of the generator output and etc. During control and regulation, many strict measures shall be taken
to ensure safe and reliable control operations and prevent from any unwanted operation. The
control and regulation functions consist of three parts: single-point control, batch control,
sequential control (SC)

Single-point control refers to the interface control operation to select CB remote control, remote
regulation of analog (e.g., generator output), and adjustment of transformer tap position.

Batch control refers to a batch of remote control commands in the execution mode “Parallel”
where several power stations can execute simultaneously the associated remote control
commands.

Sequential control refers to a batch of remote control commands in the execution mode “Series”
where the commands shall be executed one by one in order and they cannot be simultaneously
executed.

3.2.3.5.1 Remote Control Interface

Open the graph of the power station, click the right key at the target measurement foreground and
then at “Remote control”, and the remote control will start. The graph display is as follows during
the whole operation:

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Figure 4.2-22 Remote control operation

Description on the remote control operation interface:

1) On the top is displayed with the information of the controlled object, mainly including the
station name and the measurement name.

2) In the middle are the type, No., and process information of remote control.

3) On the right are the control buttons, including “Check operator”, “Check scrutineer”, “Control
select”, “Execute”.

3.2.3.5.2 Remote Control Process

The remote control is executed in the following steps:

1) Select the controllable measurement on the graph and click it with the right key. If the
measurement is controllable, the information “Remote control operation” or “Remote dispatch
operation” will be displayed. And click the menu;

2) Enter the No. of remote control;

3) Click “Check operator”, and enter the user name and password of the operator;

4) Click “Check scrutineer”, and then enter the user name and password of the scrutineer;

5) Click “Control select”: It will prompt the failure reasons and end the operation if the remote

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control selection fails;

6) Click “Execute”, and wait for the result of control execution. At this time, the user can observe
the information prompt in the information display bar of the dialog box;

7) After the control is successfully executed, close the dialog box.

Failure reasons and end the operation will be prompted if the execution fails;

During execution, the user can click the button “Cancel” to end the current control.

For the control object defined as “Auto execution”, the button “Execute” will first pop up.
Click it and input user name & password, the control can be auto-executed with
anti-maloperation check.

3.2.3.5.3 Sequential Control & Batch Control

To meet the demand of sequential control and batch control, the system is designed with the
associated tools, which has the following 2 start methods:

1) Enter the command in the command line window: batch_control;

2) Click “Start”“Program”“Control”“Sequential control” on the console.

Figure 4.2-23 Sequential control and batch control

1) Sequential control

(1) Define task

Select “Control type” on the definition and supervision interface of the batch control task
and select the power station and control point, and double click to enter the task list. It
will display the name and current value of the control point. Select the control target

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value (e.g., Control open, close or remote dispatch).

(2) Auto execute

After the task is defined, select the execution method as “Sequential control-Auto
execute”, and click the start button. The commands will be transmitted to the service
program in order and automatically executed in order, and the next command can be
automatically delivered only after the current command is successfully executed. It will
automatically stop transmitting the next command if one task fails to execute.

(3) Manually interfere task execution

After the task is defined, select the execution method as “Sequential control-Interfere”,
and click the start button. After the previous command is successfully executed, the
dialog box will automatically pop up to ask to execute the next command. After
confirmation, it will send the next command to the line for execution.

2) Batch control

(1) Definition of batch control

Select “Control type” on the definition and supervision interface of the batch control task
and select the power station and control point, and double click to enter the task list. It
will display the RTU address, the address and the current value of the control point.
Select the control target value (e.g., Control open, close or remote dispatch).

(2) Execution of batch control tasks

After the task is defined, select the execution method as “Batch control”, and click the
start button to send all the commands to the service program for execution.

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5 Report Editor

5.1 Overview

The report edit tool is used to prepare the system report.

5.2 Launching & Exiting

Launching method:

Enter the command to the command line interface (CLI): report_edit.

Exiting method:

Click the close button on the right corner.

5.3 Architecture

The report edit tool interface consists of three parts: report list, dataset list, report content, as
shown below.

Figure 5.3-1 Report edit interface

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5.4 Functional Description

5.4.1 Create New Report


Select the corresponding directory and right click the mouse (right click blank if you want to create
a report without in any directory), and select “New Report” in the popup menu, and the dialog box
will pop up, as shown below.

Figure 5.4-1 Create new report

Enter the basic information to “Basic Info Set”, including “Report name”, “Priv Level”, “Duty Area”,
and “Report Type”.

Select the template to loade in “Using Template”. Four templates are available, and the prompt is
given for each template. Each template pre-defines some formats and dataset, it can help to make
some special type of reports rapidly.

5.4.2 Serial Time Report


The serial time report is used to display the value of the selected data point at each time moment.
For example, it can be used to display the values of the data point from 0:00 to 23:00. The report is
usually in regular format and includes a series of data point values at the time moments.

The serial time report can be prepared in the following two methods. Each method has its own
advantages and disadvantages and thus the actual method shall be selected according to the

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demand.

5.4.2.1 Expand Template

To create a new report, select “Expand template” to load the report template. The “Expand
Template” is configured with Sophic dataset and some format (including parameters etc.) for
Sophic data. After “Expand Template” is loaded, the following report can be obtained:

Figure 5.4-2 Expand report template

The report maker shall do the following steps: configure the data, drag the data point to the table,
edit the row name and edit the report format.

4.4.2.1.1. Configure Data

Click “Report Table Data”-”Sophic” and select “Edit”.

Figure 5.4-3 Dataset edit

The Sophic dataset tool will pop up, as shown below.

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Figure 5.4-4 Configure dataset

The interface consists of the following parts: “Name”, “DB Config”, “Expand Config”, “Serial Config”,
“Base Time”, and “Manual Set”, and each of them will be introduced below.

1) Name

It is used to configure the name of the data set. It can be automatically generated, or configured at
will. Please note it cannot be duplicated with other dataset name in the current report.

2) Sophic DB Config

It is used to configure the sophic data point. First, select the target app and database in the
dropdown box of “App name”, “DB name”, and then click “Query” button, and the sophic searcher
will pop up.

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Figure 5.4-5 Data searcher

The “isHis” must be selected here!

The data points can be searched according to the hierarchy. After the data points are seleced, it is
available to view the list of selected data points in the area “Sophic DB Config”.

Figure 5.4-6 Data point list

Double click the line of the data point, the path of the point in the searcher can be rehearsed.
Select the data point, and click “Query” button, and the path of the point in the searcher can be
rehearsed, too. Select the data point and click “Delete”, and the data point can be deleted from the

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data set. “Up” and “Down” can be used for data point sorting.

3) Stat Config

Configure the statistics information for sophic, e.g., the max/min value etc. Tick the needed
statistic information, as shown in the figure below.

Figure 5.4-7 Select stat point

Double click the statistic point, the information configuration window will pop up, as shown in the
figure blow.

Figure 5.4-8 Set Stat Name

In the window, the name of the report and the format of the statistic data can be configured for the
statistic row. The display format is only available for the statistic data in the Time style (occurd time
etc.), and it is unavailable for the statistic data in the numeric style. The display format of the the
numeric statistic data can be directly configured in the report table, which will be explained in the
following chapters.

4) Expand Config

It is used to expand the dataset. “Single” means there is only one data for each point in the dataset.
For example, “Today voltage max” will not be expanded; “Serial Config” means the data point in
the dataset will be subject to serial expansion, e.g., “today voltage hour serial value”. Expansion
can be configured in “Serial Config”. If “Single” is selected, it is unable to configure serial. To make

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time serial report, “Serial” shall be selected.

5) Serial Config

Configure “Expand Config” as “Serial”, and set how to expand the data. “Step” and “Serial unit” are
used to determine the time interval between two adjacent serials. The serial units include season,
month, week, day, hour and minute. The length of serials is used to determine the number of data
expansion, e.g., to generate the serial data of all days in a month, the following shall be
configured:

Figure 5.4-9 Serial data

Here is a problem: the number of days in all months is not the same (possibly 28/29/30/31). If it
generates the serial strictly in accordance with “Length”, the end of the serial may not be the last
day of the month. “Adjust” is designed to settle the problem, which makes the serial length is not
completely equal to the serial number, realizing automatic adaptation. So far, two types of
automatic serial adaptation are available.

(1) Month-day serial

If the serial interval is 1 day with length of 30/31, the report will generate a month-day
serial. After automatic serial adaptation, the actual serial length will be determined by
the actual number of days in the month.

(2) Year-week serial

If the serial interval is 1 week with length of 52/53, the report will generate a year-week
serial. After automatic serial adaptation, the actual serial length will be determined by
the actual number of weeks in the year.

Tick “adjust” during serial configuration unless otherwise specified.

For serial expansion, serial configuration will also directly determine the ending time of data query
because it determines the time interval between serial start and end. To prepare the serial report
involved in statistic values or accumulative values, the attribute of the data point in the searcher
shall be consistent with “Serial unit” in the serial configuration; otherwise it us likely unavailable to
find the data. For example, to prepare the monthly serial report of “Current daily maximum”, the
serial shall be configured as “1-day-31-adjust”, and the point in the searcher shall select
“Real-time statistic maximum”, as shown in the figure below.

6) Base Time

It is used to set the start time of data query. Since the statistic start time is 8:00, the base time shall

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be set as this year, this month, this day, at 8:00, at 0 minute.

7) Manual Set

After the above configuration is finished, it will generate the configuration text information in the
corresponding format. Manual set is provided to rehearse from text to configuration. Tick “Manual
Set” and enter the configuration text to the text entry box, as shown in the figure below.

Figure 5.4-10 Manual set

Click “Apply” and the configuration will be applied to gui. The configuration text, however, is very
complicated. Accordingly, it is not recommended to enter it manually unless it is done by the
professional. The typical application of “Manual Set” is given below:

If other dataset needs to share the dataset configuration, to avoid re-configuration, click “Copy”
button to copy the configuration information and then create a new dataset. Tick “Manual Set” and
paste it to this position by “Ctrl+v”. Click the “Apply” button, and the configuration will become valid
in the interface. In this case, only minor adjustment is needed for the new dataset.

4.4.2.1.2. Data Point Dragged to Table

Drag the data point in batch to the corresponding table (except the time row, which has been
dragged in the template), i.e., C4 in the graph. Select “Left to Right” for data row.

Figure 5.4-11 Drag data point

4.4.2.1.3. Edit Row Name

It is used to edit the row name on the data row. To use the name of dataset row as the table row
name, select the data row in batch and simultaneously press the key “Ctrl”, and click the blank (not
at the data row of the dataset) of the dataset area and it can be dragged to the corresponding table.
Select “Left to Right”, as shown in the figure below.

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Figure 5.4-12 Drag the target row

Edit the name of the dragged row.

Figure 5.4-13 Edit row name

To merge the same type of the row names, insert a line to execute by means of the merge cells.

4.4.2.1.4. Edit Report Format

Merge the cells in the first line, and enter the report title and set the format. To get the report title
from the report name, right click the report in the report list and select “Rename” to get the report
name, as shown in the figure below.

Figure 5.4-14 Rename the report

In the second line of the table, the time of report is automatically set up by the formula. The
formats such as border, text-align and fonts are available for the table, which can be executed by
the buttons in the toolbar.

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The first column in the table is time serial and other are data. To modify the time or data format,
right click the cell and select “Style”. Take Time style as an example.

Figure 5.4-15 Time customization

Select “Format”->“Time”, in the popup dialog box and enter HH, and then click “Ok”. HH is the
description method of hour in Time style. The following Time styles are available:

y: year, y/yy means the last two digits of the year, and yyyy means the 4-digit year

M: month, M means 1-digit month (6 for June etc.), and MM means the 2-digit month (06 for June
etc.)

d: date, the difference between d and dd is similar to M

H/h: hour, H means 24-hour system, and h means 12-format system. The difference between H
and HH is similar to M

m: minute, the difference between m and mm is similar to M

s: second, the difference between s and ss is similar to M

E: week

For example, suppose the time now is 2013-06-28 11:25:28, the Time formate shall be set as
“yyyy/MM/dd HH:mm:ss” to display the time in the way “2013/06/28 11:25:28”.

In the dialog box of “Style”, it is available to set time and date format as well as numeric formate
(decimal point etc), percent and so on.

After the four steps, a serial report expansion is made. The final effect is shown in the figure below:

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Figure 5.4-16 Report effect

5.4.2.2 Cross Template

When creating a new report, select “Using Template”-“Cross Template” to load the cross report
template. The “Cross Template” includes Sophic rapid report dataset and some data formates
(including parameters etc.). After “Cross template” is loaded, the following report can be obtained.

Figure 5.4-17 Cross Template

The report maker shall do the following two steps: Configure data and edit report format.

4.4.2.2.1. Configure Data

Click “Class1” in “Report Table Data” with the right key, and the following window will pop up:

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Figure 5.4-18 Data configuration interface

The configuration interface is identical to that of Sophic dataset, and the way to configuration is
also almost the same. The only difference in that, after selection of the points from DB, double
click it, and the popup interface is the setup interface of point name, instead of the reverse
interface of the point in the searcher, as shown in the figure below:

Figure 5.4-19 DB name setup

Here, it is available to edit the row name of the point displayed in the report.

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4.4.2.2.2. Edit Report Format

The configuration is the same with the method to edit report template format in Section 4.4.2.1.4.

After the two steps, a cross serial report is prepared. Obviously when making a serial-time report,
Cross Template is very convenient. The final effect is shown in the figure below.

Figure 5.4-20 Cross report effect

The cross template, however, has its limitations. The edit and sorting of row names can be only
configured in the dataset configuration interface, and it is unavailable to merge the column names
or other operations, and thus it cannot realize the effect in the figure below.

Figure 5.4-21 Limitations of cross report

5.4.2.3 Application Site and Template Selection

The Cross Template is applicable to the time serial report with simple header. This template
achieves rapid preparation efficiency when sacrificing some flexible editing of report column name.
The only work is to select some DB points and set some formats. If the serial report has no special
requirements on header, it is recommended to use this template.

The Expand Template is also applicable to the time serial report but its steps are more complicated
than the Cross Template. It can edit the report header flexibly. If the site serial report has special
requirements on header, it is recommended to use the template.

5.4.3 Single Time Report


The single time report refers to display data at one time moment, not in time-serial. The single time
report can be prepared in the following steps:

5.4.3.1 Edit Report Format

Create a blank template, and edit the format of the report in the table area. If the user offers the

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Excel template for single time report, the template can be directly imported to the report.

5.4.3.2 Configure Data

Add “Sophic Data Set” to “Report Table Data”, and configure “Expand Config” as “Single”.

5.4.3.3 Drag the Data to the Table

After the data point is selected, unfold the dataset in “Report Table Data”, and drag the data to the
corresponding position of the table.

5.4.3.4 Parameter Setup

Click “Parameter” to enter the parameter setup interface.

Figure 5.4-22 Parameter setup

This dataset includes two parameters: date and wview where date refers to the input time of the
report and wview is used to control backfilling of report. The left tree “ReportData
SourceParameter” lists the two dataset parameters. On the parameter design interface, the
parameter is simply configured by default. What we need to do is to select widget for parameters
and adjust the parameter layout. If no default configuration appears, drag date and wview from the
left to the right table.

Select the widget cell of “date” (B2), right click and select “Widget settings”. Select “Time” on the
popup dialog box where the date format shall be in “yyyy-MM-dd HH:mm” and others by default,
as shown in the figure below.

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Figure 5.4-23 Time style

“wview” is used to control backfilling of report. If the report does not need backfilling, the parameter
can be not configured. Select C2 and D2, and click with the right key at “Clear”->“All”.

The widget in B4 is a button, which is used for submission after parameters are selected.

The description words of the parameter “date” can be modified, as shown in the figure below.

Figure 5.4-24 Parameter description

The formula can be used to set the widget as default. Select B2 and enter the formula “today()”,
the time widget will display the current time by default.

5.4.4 Configure Chart


After the report table is prepared, the relevant charts can be prepared. Take a curve as an
example. Select an area on the lower part of the table to merge the cells and then click “Insert
chart”.

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Figure 5.4-25 Insert chart

Select the “Line” widget and click “Next” to configure the graph data source.

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Figure 5.4-26 Data source

Click “Next” to set the display format of horizontal coordinate (time).

Finally, click “Finish” to end the configuration. After configuration, the chart style and data source
can be still modified.

5.4.5 Import Excel Template


If Excel template is offered, it can be directly imported. The report designer is compatible with
Excel formula. The formula can be kept and available after imported to Excel. The Excel template
can be imported in the following way: Click “Open” at the toolbar, and select the Excel template in
the file selector and click “Open”. After thesr the Excel template can be imported to the report
designer and converted to the report style in the system, as shown in the figure below.

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Figure 5.4-27 Import effect

Then click in the toolbar, and select the report path and type report name to finish import.

In case of import error, it is likely because the Excel file contains the formula or macro incapable of
being identified by the designer. Delete some formula and then import it again.

5.4.6 Copy Report


The function is used to prepare other reports by means of the prepared one. Open the target
report, and find the target position from the directory tree, and right click to choose “Paster Report”
to paste the opened report to the selected directory.

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Figure 5.4-28 Paste report

5.4.7 Snapshot Management


To improve the query speed, the report can take snapshot for the “previous” data. During report
query data snapshot will be consider firstly. If the “previous” data are updated in DB and the data in
the snapshot are not updated, it will result in inaccurate report data. We provide the maintenance
tool for report snapshot. Start the report designer, select the report and then right click to select
“Snapshot Management”. In the popup dialog box, select the target snapshot and click the
associated button for maintenance.

Figure 5.4-29 Snapshot management

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The input bar is designed with word filter, which can search the snapshot name (the snapshots are
named by time).

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6 Report View

6.1 Overview

The report view tool is used to browse the reports prepared in the system. In the tool, select the
report prepared in the system and the associated parameters (time etc.), and the actual data of the
report will be loaded and generated to a report.

6.2 Launching & Exiting

Two launching methods are available for the report view tool:

3) Access Command Line Interface (CLI) and execute this command: report_view;

4) Click “Start”“Program”“Tool” “Report”->“Report view” on the console.

Leaving method:

Click the close button on the top right corner.

6.3 Architecture

The report view interface consists of 3 parts: Report list, Parameters and Report content, as
shown below:

Figure 6.3-1 Report view interface

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6.4 Functional Description

6.4.1 Report View


Click the target report in the Report list and select the associated parameters as demanded, and
then click “Query” button to view the report content, as shown below:

Figure 6.4-1 Report view

6.4.2 Report Print

Click the button , and the following dialog box will pop up:

Figure 6.4-2 Report print

After configuration, click “OK” to print the report.

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7 Web

7.1 Overview

The Web system is mainly designed with the function to view the power system graph, data curve,
alarm event, report data and the so on in the mode of B/S (Browser/Server).

7.1.1 Client Requirements


The system supports the modern browsers: IE9, IE10, IE11, Google Chrome and Firefox.

7.1.2 System Access


The URL of the PCS-9000 web system is http://IP. IP is a virtual IP address, and thus the loads will
be automatically balanced to the actual Web server.

If the client can be directly connected to the Web server through network, and it can visit the Web
system deployed on the server in the method of 8080 port addition. For example, the IP of Web1 is
198.87.98.210, the visit address is http://198.87.98.210:8080.

7.2 Login

Start the browser and enter the visit address in the address bar, press Enter to open the web login
page.

Enter the correct user name and password and click “Log in”. It will redirect to the graph module by
default after the success login; otherwise, it will stay in the login page and prompt “password is
error”.

7.3 Graph

The Web graphic function is the Web-version online tool. With the support of graphic platform, it
shows the graph identical to online, and it can offer most of the view and query functions except for
control operations.

7.3.1 Graph View


The Web system will automatically enter the graphic module by default after log-in. Besides, click
“Graph” on the module navigation bar to switch to the graphic module, as shown in the following
figure.

Press down the left key to drag the graph for up/down/left/right movement.

The wheel of the mouse can zoom graph rapidly for the given location.

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Figure 7.3-1 Web Graph

It you are prompted “Graph does not exist!” or “Graph not released” etc during graphic
module visiting, it indicates that the Web graph configuration does not exist or init-graph
is not released. In this case, please contact the engineer for maintenance.

The widgets of the 2D tables do not support scrollbar dragging operation in the Web
graph. The up/down arrow of the scrollbar can be clicked to roll line by line or the blank
of the scrollbar can be clicked to turn pages. As a result, it is recommended to configure
the 2D tables in pagination during graph drawing.

7.3.2 Graph Interaction


1) Toolbar

(1) From left to right, the toolbar consists of the following buttons: Forward, Backward,
Actual size, Full screen, Zoom in, Zoom out, Refresh, Color print, Invert color print, and
display-hidden switching of P/Q/I and grounding switch, as shown below:

Figure 7.3-2 Toolbar of Web graph

(2) The menu of “APP” is designed with the app options available to switch the graphic
applications.

(3) The menu of “Favorites” is designed with the favorite graph switching functions, and
click it can directly visit the associated graph. The favorite graph list can be configured
in the server.

(4) The refresh period of the graph, which is 5s by default, can be modified in the bar
“Refresh cycle”. The integral in a range of 3~15 can be entered, and then click “Ok” to
finish the setting of refresh period.

2) Widget menu

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The widgets related to right-key operation on the graph are mostly the 2D tables. Click with the
right key at the heading of the 2D table, and the right-key menu will pop up. Its operation functions
and methods are identical to the online tool. And the associated functions include “No order”, “In
order”, “In reverse order”, “Search”, “Clear search”, and “Export data”, as shown below:

Figure 7.3-3 Widget menu of Web graph

7.4 Alarm

The alarm module is integrated with “Real-time alarm monitoring” and “History event query”. The
user can switch the alarm types and monitor the common alarm information in real-time manner.
Besides, the user can set the search conditions to search the history records, and can also switch
between the history records and the real-time alarms.

Click the button “Alarm” in the toolbar to view the alarm information, as shown below:

Figure 7.4-1 Web alarm

7.4.1 Real-time Alarm


Having entered the alarm module, it is in the real-time alarm status by default. Click the alarm type
to view the real-time alarm content of various types with real-time refresh period of 5s.

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1) Pagination:

The alarm tables will be display in pages with 50 alarms each page by default. The user can
click “Alarm setting”=>“Alarm number setting” to set the number of alarms displayed on each
page. The user can click the associated button at the pagination toolbar to turn or jump pages.

2) Pause refreshing:

Click the button “Pause refreshing” on the menu bar to pause the refresh of real-time alarm
and the pause countdown will be displayed on the status bar of the left bottom of the
pagination toolbar.

It will resume refreshing after 100s by default.

3) Alarm filter:

Enter or select the filter condition on the right column and then click “Filter” to conduct
real-time alarm filtering. Besides, the word “(Filtering)” will be displayed on the title bar of the
displayed page. Directly click the alarm switching button to recover the default alarm
refreshing, and click “Cancel” to clear all the conditions on the right list.

The button “Cancel” can only clear all the selected conditions in the list and it cannot
trigger filtering or query. To recover the default refresh, click the associated button of
alarm type.

Not all the conditions can be filtered. The filtering operation is only available for the level, power
station, alarm group, equipment, action, node, operator, and supervisor, and it is unavailable for
other conditions.

The alarm level information can be read from the consistent configuration file generated by the
alarm tool. The alarm tool on the Web node needs to be opened and correctly configured to
generate the file.

4) Alarm export:

Click the option “File” on the toolbar and select “Export page” or “Export all” to export the
associated Excel file. The export function can export the alarm records with filtering condition
and search condition.

7.4.2 History Search


The history search results share the same page with the real-time alarm. Enter or select the
conditions, and click “Search” to view the search results on the display page where the wording
“Search result” will be added to the title bar.

History alarm export: It is the same with real-time alarm export.

7.5 Curve

Click the button “Curve” on the toolbar and the system will switch to the curve function.

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7.5.1 Architecture
The page of the curve function is shown below:

Figure 7.5-1 Web curve homepage

Click on the right corner to export the curve data in the format of Excel.

7.5.2 View Curve


7.5.2.1 Tool Bar

Figure 7.5-2 Web curve toolbar

: Select the start/end time. Select the button to update the display time of all curves;

: After clicking, the time of all curves will move backward by one time unit, one day by default;

: After clicking, the time of all curves will move forward by one time unit, one day by default;

: With the center of the time axis as the center, the time on both sides will be reduced to a half
the original time;

: With the center of the time axis as the center, the time on both sides will be extended to twice
the original time;

: The curve will be displayed in the original size.

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7.5.2.2 Mouse Operation

1) View locking:

Press down the key “Shift” to make it in lock state. Move the mouse on the curve graph, and
the vertical line marker will jump and display the sampling value of the curves according to the
actual time of the target curve. Unpress the key “Shift” to make it in unlock state. Move the
mouse on the curve graph, and the marker will continuously display the interpolation data.

2) Interval zoom:

Press down “Ctrl” and drag with left mouse button to select an interval of the curve to zoom.

3) Curve hidden:

When the right data panel is folded, click the curve name label to hide or display the
associated curve. The name of the hidden curve will become gray.

4) Vertical axis modification:

Click the maximum or minimum value of the vertical axis, and the dialog box will pop up. Enter
the maximum or minimum value as prompted and then click “Ok”, and the range of the axis
will change and simultaneously the curve position will also change.

5) Date setting for a single curve:

Click the curve date under the curve name, the date selection box will pop up, where the time
can be set for a single curve.

6) Switching focus curve:

When the data display panel is unfolded, click the curve name to switch to the focus curve,
and the data displayed on the right data panel are the data of the focus curve.

7.6 Report

Click “Report”, and the system will switch to the report function, as shown in the figure below:

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Figure 7.6-1 Web report

7.6.1 Report View


Having selected the report data, click “Query” to view the report.

Figure 7.6-2 Report view

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7.6.2 Report Print


Click , and the following dialog box will pop up.

Figure 7.6-3 Report print

After setup, click “OK” to print the report.

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8 Manual Version History

8 Manual Version History


In the latest version of the instruction manual, several descriptions on existing features have been
modified.

Manual version and modification history records

Manual Version Software


Date Description of change
Source New Version
1.00 1.00 2017-03-18 Form the original manual.

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