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Group 2

All about Badminton

Brief History of Badminton

Badminton has its origins in ancient civilizations in Europe and Asia. The ancient
game known as battledore (bat or paddle) and shuttlecock probably originated more than
2000 years ago.
In the 1600s battledore and shuttlecock was an upper class pastime in England
and many European countries. Battledore and shuttlecock was simply two people hitting
a shuttlecock backwards and forwards with a simple bat as many times as they could
without allowing it to hit the ground.
Modern badminton can be traced to mid-19th century British India. It was created
by British military officers stationed there. A net was added to the traditional English game
of battledore and shuttlecock. As it was popular in the British garrison town of Poona, the
game came to be known as "Poona" or "Poonai" Initially, woollen balls were preferred by
the upper classes in windy or wet conditions, but ultimately shuttlecocks took over the
role of a "ball." This game was taken by retired officers who got back to England. It was
introduced as a game for the guests of the Duke of Beaufort at his stately home
'Badminton' in Gloucestershire, England where it became popular. Hence, the origin of
the name "Badminton."
In March 1898, the first Open Tournament was held at Guildford and the first 'All
England' Championships were held the following year.
The International Badminton Federation was formed in 1934 with nine founder
members, England, Wales, Ireland, Scotland, Denmark, Holland, Canada, New Zealand
and France. India joined as an affiliate in 1936.
The first major IBF tournament was the Thomas Cup (world men's team
championships) in 1948. Since then, the number of world events has increased with the
addition of the Uber Cup (women's team), World Championships (individual events),
Sudirman Cup (mixed team), World Junior Championships and the World Grand Prix
Badminton is a relatively new Olympic sport. It was a demonstration sport at the
1972 Munich Olympics. Badminton eventually became an Olympic sport in Barcelona in
1992. Only the singles and doubles were introduced for the first time in the Olympic
Games. Mixed doubles was included in the 1996 Atlanta Olympic Games and badminton
is the only sport that has mixed doubles event in the Olympics.
Only five countries have won gold medals at the Olympics since badminton was
introduced in 1992 - China, Indonesia and Korea, England and Denmark.
Susi Susanti from Indonesia won the women's singles in Barcelona, becoming
Indonesia's first medallist after forty years participating in the Olympics. Ironically, Susi's
future husband, Alan Budi Kusama won Indonesia's second gold medal in the men's
Badminton, court or lawn game played with lightweight rackets and a shuttlecock.
Historically, the shuttlecock (also known as a “bird” or “birdie”) was a small cork
hemisphere with 16 goose feathers attached and weighing about 0.17 ounce (5 grams).
These types of shuttles may still be used in modern play, but shuttles made from synthetic
materials are also allowed by the Badminton World Federation. The game is named for
Badminton, the country estate of the dukes of Beaufort in Gloucestershire, England,
where it was first played about 1873. The roots of the sport can be traced to ancient
Greece, China, and India, and it is closely related to the old children’s game battledore
and shuttlecock. Badminton is derived directly from poona, which was played by British
army officers stationed in India in the 1860s. The first unofficial all-England badminton
championships for men were held in 1899, and the first badminton tournament for women
was arranged the next year.

Introduction to Badminton
A great sports for fitness, badminton is excellent for people of all ages and provides
a great choice for those wanting to give a new racket sport a go. Find out all about
badminton and why you should start playing.
Badminton is officially the fastest of all racket sports. Players can hit the
shuttlecock at speeds of up to 180mph (288kph) toward their opponent. But, it is not just
all about speed; a player can expect to run up to four miles (6.4km) around the court
during a match whilst having the agility to maintain energy-busting rallies.
So, whilst stamina and agility are important, certainly at a competitive level, anyone
can play badminton and the sport is a popular choice for people of all ages and fitness

So what is the appeal of badminton?

 First and foremost, the basics of badminton are not difficult to master; even new
players with little or no skill can enjoy their first game and progress quickly.
 You need minimal equipment to get started playing badminton; if you choose to
start off at clubs open to the public, all the equipment you will need can be
borrowed or hired.
 It’s great for conditioning the body! Step out onto the badminton court and you can
expect to burn 600 to 1000 calories per hour as well as testing your stamina,
flexibility and coordination.

How to start playing badminton

If you decide that you would like to take badminton further, you might consider
joining a local badminton club. Wherever you live, there are likely to be several clubs to
choose from so there should be no problem finding one in your area and most are not
specific about the level of skill required to join.
As far as cost is concerned, the fee to join can vary from club to club depending
on facilities and the type of membership you go for. Clubs are a great way to progress
your game; you can alternate who you play with as well as having the advantage of a
coach to develop and perfect your skills.
Badminton is a social sport and offers a great way to meet new people.

Playing badminton can have a number of positive health and fitness benefits on your
body. Here are some of its key exercise advantages:
 Improves aerobic fitness, with more oxygen circulated around the body to increase
muscular endurance.
 Burns off calories with energy being supplied to the muscles and not forming fat.
 Boosting flexibility and sprint speed, due to the fast-paced nature of badminton.
 Improves hand-eye co-ordination with concentration required for serving.
 Develops the strength and power of muscles, notably leg and arm muscles.
 Furthers concentration and mental strength, with matches often lasting for many
 Boosts a player's cardiovascular fitness, allowing more oxygen to be pumped
around the body and help provide energy to muscles.

The Laws of Badminton

The Laws of Badminton and Competition Regulations in the BWF Statutes provide the
detail on every aspect of the game of badminton. Below is a brief overview - simplified
Scoring System
 A match consists of the best of 3 games of 21 points.
 Every time there is a serve – there is a point scored.
 The side winning a rally adds a point to its score.
 At 20 all, the side which gains a 2 point lead first, wins that game.
 At 29 all, the side scoring the 30th point, wins that game.
 The side winning a game serves first in the next game.
 Interval and Change of Ends
 When the leading score reaches 11 points, players have a 60 second interval.
 A 2 minute interval between each game is allowed.
 In the third game, players change ends when the leading score reaches 11 points.

 At the beginning of the game (0-0) and when the server’s score is even, the server
serves from the right service court. When the server’s score is odd, the server
serves from the left service court.
 If the server wins a rally, the server scores a point and then serves again from the
alternate service court.
 If the receiver wins a rally, the receiver scores a point and becomes the new server.
They serve from the appropriate service court – left if their score is odd, and right
if it is even.
 A side has only one ‘set’.
 The service passes consecutively to the players as shown in the diagram.
 At the beginning of the game and when the score is even, the server serves from
the right service court. When it is odd, the server serves from the left court.
 If the serving side wins a rally, the serving side scores a point and the same server
serves again from the alternate service court.
 If the receiving side wins a rally, the receiving side scores a point. The receiving
side becomes the new serving side.
 The players do not change their respective service courts until they win a point
when their side is serving.
 If players commit an error in the service court, the error is corrected when the
mistake is discovered.

In a doubles match between A & B against C & D. A & B won the toss and decided to
serve. A to serve to C. A shall be the initial server while C shall be the initial receiver.

Badminton Game
The game of badminton that can be played individually or in doubles, consists of
3 games, being a match to the best of three (who wins the first two games wins). The goal
is to reach the 21 points first in the game, having to have a difference of 2 points between
them to finish the game. If the game reaches 29 × 29, then whoever scores the 30 point
wins first. The game begins with the referee making the coin to give the choice between
field or service to the winner.

Object of the Game

The object of badminton is to hit the shuttlecock over the net and have it land in
the designated court areas. If your opponent manages to return the shuttlecock then a
rally occurs. If you win this rally i.e. force your opponent to hit the shuttlecock out or into
the net then you win a point. You are required to win 21 points to win a set with most
matches being best of 3 sets. Points can be won on either serve.

The service must be done in the service area (see below in the image of
Badminton), and if your number of points is even, you have to do the right side, if it is odd,
you have to do the left side. The service must always be done diagonally (if you serve in
the right service area, you have to send it to the right area of your opponent), and if you
fall outside that area, your opponent wins the point.
Usually, services are alternated between two types: long and short.
Short service
Position your left foot forward (if you are right-handed), and in the movement of swinging
the racket, do fast and slow down only when it is almost to serve to confuse the opponent.
Long service
Doing the same as in short on positioning, and in the movement of the racket should
make a strong and fast throw as a whip and being high and wide to the bottom of the
opposing field, being careful that it does not fall out.

Badminton court
The badminton court varies in size depending on the number of players (individual
or even), measuring 13,4 meters in length and 5,18 meters in width if they are singular,
and 6,10 meters if in doubles.
The field is divided in two by a net, being made with a thin rope and having a white
canvas of 7,5 centimeters wide at the top throughout its length, measuring 76 centimeters
and being about 1,55 meters from the ground.
The outer lines on the sides mark the width of the field of pairs and the interiors
mark for an individual. At the bottom of the field has a slightly shorter line, this marks the
limit of the field of pairs when the service is done (after the opposing team returns its
service, the field returns to normal length).
You can also see in the image below that the network 1,98m is a line that marks
the start of the service zone. This service area corresponds to the area that you have to
do the service, and in which service must fall (if you make a short service and the steering
wheel falls in the zone before the service area you lose the move and the opponent gains
a point).
Feather / Steering Wheel / Badminton Shuttle
This should be made of goose feathers, 16 of them (if not official or in newer grades you
can find also in plastic, which last much longer), weighing between 4,7 and 5,5 grams.
Its base is made of cork or polyurethane and has in the center a lead to maintain its
direction. As they are light and fragile, especially those made of feathers, in an official
game they are used between 7 and 10 shuttlecocks and can reach speeds at or near 300
Badminton Racket
The badminton racket is usually made of sturdy but lightweight materials such as
carbon fiber or titanium, thinking about 100 grams. Its maximum measure is 68
centimeters in length and consists of ropes twisted vertically and horizontally. These
badminton rackets can withstand from 7 to 11 pounds of force.

Winning the Game

To win a game you must reach 21 points before your opponent. If you do so then
you will have won that set. If the scores are tied at 20-20 then it comes down to whichever
player manages to get two clear points ahead. If the points are still tied at 29-29 then the
next point will decide the winner of the set. Winning the overall game will require you to
win 2 out of the 3 sets played.

The badminton game has about 12 judges (true, such a small field and so many people
to see), being separated by functions:
Referee: This is aided by the remaining judges and is the one that has the final word on
decisions regarding compliance with the rules during the game.
Line Judge: In a game 10 line judges are present, being responsible for seeing if the
shuttle falls out of the limit of the field and also to warn the general referee of some
infraction in the rules.
Service Judge: The service judge has the sole purpose of observing the timing of the
service to see if it is executed correctly and whether all rules are met by both players.

Rules of Badminton
 A game can take place with either two (singles) or four (doubles) players.
 An official match has to be played indoors on the proper court dimensions. The
dimensions are 6.1m by 13.4m, The net is situated through the middle of the court
and is set at 1.55m.
 To score a point the shuttlecock must hit within the parameters of the opponents
 If the shuttlecock hits the net or lands out then a point is awarded to your opponent.
 Players must serve diagonally across the net to their opponent. As points are won
then serving stations move from one side to the other. There are no second serves
so if your first serve goes out then your opponent wins the point.
 A serve must be hit underarm and below the servers waist. No overarm serves are
 Each game will start with a toss to determine which player will serve first and which
side of the court the opponent would like to start from.
 Once the shuttlecock is ‘live’ then a player may move around the court as they
wish. They are permitted to hit the shuttlecock from out of the playing area.
 If a player touches the net with any part of their body or racket then it is deemed a
fault and their opponent receives the point.
 A fault is also called if a player deliberately distracts their opponent, the shuttlecock
is caught in the racket then flung, the shuttlecock is hit twice or if the player
continues to infract with the laws of badminton.
 Each game is umpired by a referee on a high chair who overlooks the game. There
are also line judges who monitor if the shuttlecock lands in or not. The referee has
overriding calls on infringements and faults.
 Let may be called by the referee if an unforeseen or accidental circumstance
arose. These may include the shuttlecock getting stuck in the bet, server serving
out of turn, one player was not ready or a decision which is too close to call.
 The game has only two rest periods coming the form of a 90 second rest after the
first game and a 5 minute rest period after the second game.
 If the laws are continuously broken by a player then the referee holds the power to
dock that player of points with persisting fouls receiving a forfeit of the set or even
the match.

Badminton Rackets
A badminton racket or badminton racquet is used to hit the shuttle in the game of
badminton and constitute the main component of bandminton equipments. Badminton
racket consists of a handled frame with an open hoop across which a network of string is
woven. Choosing a badminton racquet require certain features like a balance of power
and control, shape, weight, material, tension of string etc.
Diagrammatic Representation of a Badminton Racket: Badminton Racket Parts
The frame of badminton racquet consists of different parts. Each badminton racket part
has its own specific features which determines the characteristics of a racket.
 Head
 Stringed Area
 Throat
 Shaft
 Handle

Shape of Badminton Rackets

 Oval Badminton Rackets-- It is the traditional shape of badminton sport racquets
with a smaller & stronger sweets pot. It produces powerful shots but require precise
aim to hit the shuttle.
 Isometric Badminton Rackets-- This badminton racquet is rapidly gaining
popularity because of its large sweet spot. No worry which part of racket is being
used to hit the shuttlecock, you will get a decent shot.

Badminton Racquets Manufacturers

We offer wholesale badminton rackets and other badminton accessories. Send us
your requirement for badminton sports racquets in wood, plastic, steel, aluminum and
other materials. We offer badminton rackets of heavier frames, stiffer frame and larger
frame. You can also send your requirement for accessories like badminton racket and
shuttlecock, court shoes, head bands, wrist bands etc. Get prompt response from genuine
Badminton Rackets Suppliers.
Standard Badminton Racquet
Badminton racquet and shuttlecock are the important equipment used in
badminton sport. A large range of badminton designs are available in the market but the
sizes and shapes are defined and limited by the laws. Some interesting statistics about
the racquet:
 The overall length and width of a racket shouldn't exceed 680mm and 230mm
 The standard weight of a top class racquet should be within 80g to 100g.
 The stringed area of a racquet shall not exceed 280mm in length and 220mm in
overall width.
Materials Used in the Badminton Racket
 The traditional material used for making frame was wood. But wooden frame
racquets are no longer in use because of excessive weight and cost.
 Now most racquets are made of synthetic materials like carbon fiber, ceramics,
titanium, boron, or alloys. Strength to weight ratio of carbon fiber is excellent as it
gives tremendous kinetic energy transfer.
 Prior to the application of carbon fiber composite, racquets were made of light
metal like aluminum. These racquets are cheaper compared to other ones.

Badminton Racket Frames

Badminton frames play an important part in deciding the nature of your game. The
size, shape, and weight of different frames vary from one racket to another. You must
keep these points in mind before buying a racquet.
Badminton Racquet with Heavier Frame
A heavier frame has the following characteristics:
 It generates more power.
 It vibrates less.
 It has a larger sweetspot.

Badminton Racquet with Stiffer Frame

A stiffer frame has the following characteristics:
 A stiffer frame transfer the shock load to the arm than a flexible frame.
 It has a larger sweetspot.
 It generates more power.

Badminton Racquet with Larger Frame

A larger frame has the following characteristics:
 A larger frame is more resistant to twisting.
 It generates more velocity.
 It generates more power.
 It has a larger sweet spot.

Group 2 Members:
Acosta, Deanne Rosselini A.
Ariola, Aizel P.
Bacho, Ria Niña A.
Bebing, Patricia Anne A.
Bulos, Katelyn Joie C.
Cunanan, Beatriz Jane E.
De Guzman, Shekinah Gail C.
Del Rosario, Jaylen M.
Escolar, Maricar B.
Gaylon, Rhonil Victor G.
Medina, Robilyn Mae G.
Olmoguiz, Alexandra Shannelle C.
Perado, Casey Marie R.
Ramos, Alvin C.
Salvador, Princess Nicole D.
Tahinay, Karl Vincent T.