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DETERMINANTS IN THE CHOICE OF STRAND OF THE SENIOR HIGH

SCHOOL AT TOMAS DEL ROSARIO COLLEGE

A Thesis Proposal Presented to Senior High


School Faculty of Tomas del Rosario
College of Balanga City, Bataan.

In Partial Fulfillment of the Subject


Requirement to Practical
Research 2 Grade 12
HUMSS-B

The Researchers
Aaliyah Gae Pryncee C. Joco
Micah Ayessah R. Sioson
Dana Marie E. Puspos
Kyle Azriel J. Salazar
Kaila Diane R. Olaya
Lyssa Jean F. Rivera

July 2019
CHAPTER I

The Problem and Its Background

Introduction

Introduced in 2011 by the Department of Education (DepEd), headed by the

Secretary Armin Luistro, FSJ, the K to 12 Program made kindergarten a prerequisite to

basic education. It lengthened basic schooling to include a two-year senior high school

and offered technical and vocational courses to students.

According to Department of Education, at least 1.3 million students from public

schools are expected to enter in Grade 11 this coming school year. Of the 1.3 million

incoming Grade 11 students close to 59 % will pursue the academic track, 40% will

pursue the technical vocational track, and the remaining will pursue arts and design and

sports.

K-12 is quite new to the Philippines than the other countries nearby. In terms of

going to Senior High School, students must go to their chosen strands which will serve as

a guidance in moving up to college. As the year 2018 came, four tracks has been

introduced to the Philippines which are: Academic track, technical-vocational-livelihood

track, and sports track. The researchers have notice that the high school students in the

Philippines is behind other country's students. (topnotcher.ph)

Now, it’s getting harder for the students who are going to step forward to their

senior high school life, especially to the path that they are going to pursue. Everyone is

claiming to collect information about certain things than risking immediately. Collecting,

gathering, and making an official effort to determine the influences of choosing a strand
is necessary for students to finalize their chosen strand. A lot of question is destroying a

one’s mind but other than that as na individual with own thinking still considered his/her

personal factors, limitations, strengths, weaknesses and personality trait before stating a

final strand. Conducting decision making, being responsible, self-consciousness, and

being realistic is the bit better to determine the best strand for them. (Fritz Gerald Martin

as cited by Anthonette Sierra)

Making decision implies that there are choices to be considered, an in such case

we want only to identify as many of these alternatives as possible but to choose the one

that best fits with our goals, objectives, desires, values and so on (Harris, 1980) Decision

making is the best way to get one’s satisfaction, and considered as the best-required thing

to do to have a successful and a very satisfying life.

Since 2013, the K-12 system has introduced to the Philippines that create changes

due to student’s educational advancement and possible employment in the future. There

are four different strands that is under the academic track in Tomas Del Rosario College

which are: Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM), Humanities and

Social Sciences (HUMSS), Accounting, Business and Management (ABM). Also an

additional strand is General Academics Strand (GAS) which is for students who is

undecided to their strand.

The main purpose of this study is to find out the determinants in choosing a strand

among Senior High School students in Tomas Del Rosario College. It will also examine

to what extent the factors affecting the choice of career will aid the students.
Statement of the Problem

The general problem of the study is what are the determinants in the choice of

strand of senior high school at Tomas del Rosario College with respect to their National

Career Assessment Examination (NCAE) results:

Specifically, it seeks to answer the following questions:

1.) How may the respondents be described in terms of:

1.1 Sex;

1.2 Social Status;

1.3 Education of Parents; and

1.4 Family Income?

2.) Factors that may affect their choice of stand:

2.1 Own Interest;

2.2 Job Opportunities;

2.3 Academic Experience;

2.4 Peer;

2.5 Parents; and

2.6 Advice of others?

3.) What is the strand the students are enrolled in?


3.1 STEM;

3.2 ABM; and

3.3 HUMSS?

4.) What is the strand of the students as reflected their NCAE result?

5.) Is there a significant difference in the students’ choice of strand and the NCAE result?

6.) Is there a significant relationship between the profile of Senior High School and the

chosen strand?

7.) What is the relationship between the choice of strand and the factors that influence

their choice?

Significance of the study

Students. This study will help the students who are an incoming Senior High

School to determine the considerations in selecting strand. They must consider their

interest, natural skills, abilities, aims and rewards. Also, this research will help them to

develop their decision- making ability.

Guidance Counsellor. The students’ career success can be attained if proper

guidance was given in choosing the right strand, suited to student’s personality, ability

and intellect. A collaborative effort of the high school Guidance Counsellor should also

be made to end with the better career plan for every individual student.
Parents. This study will help all the parents that serve as a main influencer in

their children’s career development and career decision-making. Parents want their

offspring to find happiness and success in life, and one factor which influences happiness

and success is a career choice.

Everyone. This paper is not only beneficial to the students, guidance counselor

and etc .This study will help them be aware that choosing a college degree should not be

taken for granted and should consider the different factors to avoid conflicts.

Future Researchers. This study would serve as reference that would serve as

reference that would help in conducting their own research studies

Scope and Delimitation

The researcher are focusing only on Grade 11 students of Tomas Del Rosario

College to know their choice of strand and if the National Career Assessment

Examination result had an impact to their choice. This study will be conducted at Tomas

Del Rosario College, San Jose Balanga City, Bataan in the year 2019.

Due to lack of time the researcher only puts the important and useful details of the

study. The study focuses on the students of Tomas Del Rosario College. This involves

surveys and questions for those who are Grade 11. The selection of respondents are only

limited since we only have a few time to undergo the study. This research is conducted to

further know the reasons of the Grade 11 students for choosing these strands.
Definition of Terms

ABM (Accountancy, Business, and Management) – Tackles the basic concepts of

financial and business management and corporate operations.

Academic track – An academic track is a set of possible course selections available

to a specific group of students.

Determinants – Factors that greatly affects the outcome of a certain decision or thing.

GAS (General Academic Strand) – Designed for those who are still undecided on

which track to take.

HUMSS (Humanities and Social Sciences) – This strand is for learners who aim to

take up journalism, communication arts, liberal arts, education, and other social science-

related courses in college.

K12 – An educational program signed by Benigno Aquino III last 2013. It consists of

6 years of primary education which is commonly known as elementary and an additional

2 years in secondary school, making it 6 years instead of 4.

NCAE – Stands for National Career Assessment Examination. Its purpose is to help

students determine which courses they should take on college and what career they are

suitable for.

STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics) – Is an educational

program developed to prepare primary and secondary students for college and graduate

study in the fields of science, technology, engineering, and mathematics.

Strand – The K-12 program offers different courses you can take and ponder on.

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