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AN IMPROVISED 60W MINI WATER PUMP WITH DC MOTORS

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A THESIS PRESENTED TO THE FACULTY OF THE COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING

UNIVERSITY OF CEBU- MAIN CAMPUS SANCIANGKO ST., CEBU CITY, CEBU

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IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT OF THE REQUIREMENTS FOR THE DEGREE

BACHELOR OF SCIENCE IN MECHANICAL ENGINEERING

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By CLYDE PAUL NOQUIAO CHRIS ALFRED DOBLE GLENN CARLO L. CAMOTES

MARCH 2019

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APPROVAL SHEET

This research titled “AN IMPROVISED 60W MINI WATER PUMP WITH DC MOTORS” prepared by and submitted by CLYDE PAUL NOQUIAO, CHRIS ALFRED DOBLE, GLENN CARLO L. CAMOTES of the College of Engineering, University of Cebu has been examined, accepted and approved.

PANEL OF EXAMINERS

RODEL T. NAVAL, MSManEng Chairman

FREDERICO AVES, MST Member

CECILIO B. ESTOCONING, MSIT Adviser

ORLENE G. BALUNGKAS, PLT Member

FLORENCIO MENDEZ, MSChemEng Member

Greg R. Belongelot, MST College of Engineering Dean

Mauro Allan P. Amparado, Ph.D. University Research Director

Anna Liza B. Son, Ed.D. and Ulysses B. Aparece, Ph.D. Vice Chancellors for Academic Affairs

Date:10/19/1

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ABSTRACT

TITLE:

DC MOTORS

RESEARCHERS: CLYDE PAUL NOQUIAO CHRIS ALFRED DOBLE GLENN CARLO L. CAMOTES

ADVISER:

YEAR: 2019

====================================================

AN IMPROVISED 60W MINI WATER PUMP WITH

ORLENE G. BALUNGKAS

PAGES: 200

Being confident in the academic skills is necessary for finding and keeping jobs that provide a steady income, benefits and opportunities for advancement skills such as reading, listening, writing and speaking. The study provides instructional support and comprehensive way to monitor change and progress across a variety of objectives and goals upon development on academic skills. Moreover, the researchers plan to implement an objective and principle which would be beneficial for the study to progress further and attain its objectives. This study would also determine if the Engineering students of the University of Cebu have high proficiency in academic skills

6

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

Page

Title Page

i

Approval Sheet

ii

Table of Contents

iii

List of Tables

v

List of Figures

v

Acknowledgement

vi

Abstract

vii

CHAPTER

1

THE PROBLEM AND ITS SCOPE

INTRODUCTION

1

Rationale

1

Theoretical Background

2

THE PROBLEM

4

Statement of the Problem

4

Significance of the Study

5

RESEACH METHODOLOGY

6

Research Design

6

Research Environment

7

Research Respondents

8

Research Instrument

9

6

Research Procedure

9

Data Gathering

9

Treatment of Data

10

DEFINITION OF TERMS

12

2 PRESENTATION, ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION OF DATA

Development of Engineering

13

Student in Reading

Development of Engineering

15

Student in Writing

Development of Engineering

17

Student in Speaking

Development of Engineering

19

Student in Listening

3 SUMMARY, FINDINGS, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS

Summary

22

Findings

23

Conclusion

25

Recommendation

25

OUTPUT OF THE STUDY

27

REFERENCES

31

APPENDICES

32

6

 

Appendix A

32

Appendix B

34

CURRICULUM VITAE

38

LIST OF TABLES

Table

1

Respondents of the Study

8

2

Reading Development

14

3

Writing Development

16

4

Speaking Development

18

5

Listening Development

20

6

Action Plan LIST OF FIGURES

29

Figure

1

Research Flow

6

2

Location of the Study

7

6

This

chapter

CHAPTER 1

INTRODUCTION

illustrates

a

striking

statement

or

a

general

knowledge about the topic. What has been done before and how the

study

differs

from

the

existing

studies

that

shows

s tatistics

or

prevailing situation. This includes the discussion of Researcher's

competency.

Rationale

6

Theoretical Background

6

THE PROBLEM

Statement of the Problem

This study aims to develop an improvised 60W MINI Water Pump with DC Motors.

Specifically, the study sought to answer the following:

1. What materials are needed in order to fabricate the parts of the as

to:

1.1.

Electrical;

1.2.

Electronics; and

1.3.

Mechanical?

2. What are the processes that will be used in order to fabricate the

project as to:

2.1. Assembly;

2.2. Installation; and

2.3. Wiring?

3. How does technical testing be performed on the project?

4. What are the advantages of the project in terms of:

4.1. Portability;

4.2. Cost;

4.3. Power efficient;

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5. Based on the results, How should a mini power pump be proposed?

Significance of the Study

The purpose of this study would help the school body involved

on scholastic to assess the development of students of University

of Cebu of their academic skills. It would directly benefit the

following:

Engineering Students. They are the direct beneficiaries of the

study. The students will be able to perceive which particular skill

they need to develop more. They will be

able to know their

strengths and weaknesses in each type of skill given.

Teachers. The teachers will be able to know what factor

causes the low proficiency of students in that particular skill. It will

also enable them think of possible ways in the means of teaching;

to help the students improve the skill.

Researchers. The researchers will also enable to find more

practical and efficient ways for improvement and have their study

to a higher extent. The development of this study would enable the

researchers to put the relevant theories gathered into action.

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RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

Research Design

The study is a Descriptive Type of Research. It is used to obtain information

concerning the current status of the phenomena and to describe “what

exists” with respect to variables or conditions in a situation.

FLOW OF THE STUDY

INPUT

Problems concerning the academic skill developmen t of a student

Status or

well being of the student

in his/her

current

condition or

position in

terms of

their study

habit and

skills

in terms of their study habit and skills PROCESS  Descriptive Developmental method using
PROCESS  Descriptive Developmental method using survey questionnaire, observation document analysis 
PROCESS
 Descriptive
Developmental
method using
survey
questionnaire,
observation
document
analysis
 Gathering of
Data
 Processing of
Data
 Analysis and
Interpretation of
Data

OUTPUT

ACADEMIC

SKILLS

DEVELOPMENT

of Data OUTPUT ACADEMIC SKILLS DEVELOPMENT Figure 1: It shows the research flow of the study

Figure 1: It shows the research flow of the study indicating input, process and output.

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Research Environment

The study is to be conducted in the University of Cebu Main

Campus as shown in figure 1. University of Cebu is considered as

one of the Educational Institution in Cebu City, Philippines founded in

1964, offering preschool, grade school, junior & Senior High School,

undergraduate degrees, and post-graduate degrees.

School, undergraduate degrees, and post-graduate degrees. Figure 2 Location of the Study A group of young

Figure 2 Location of the Study

A group of young men headed by Lawyer Augusto W. Go,

formed an alliance and set up an educational institution of what was

then called the Cebu College of Commerce, then later renamed Cebu

Central Colleges

(CCC).

Starting with handful

of

enrollees,

the

college was established on April 1, 1964. It grew over time and

became the University of Cebu. Its Philanthropic mantra has been

“No tuition fee increase.”

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Research Respondents

The study utilized a sampling method in which respondents

were entitled to answer a survey. The number of respondents were

limited to chosen courses such as Engineering courses only. The

respondents are from Civil Engineering, Mechanical Engineering,

Electrical Engineering, Industrial Engineering, Computer Engineering,

and

Naval

Architecture

and

Marine

Engineering.

Total

of

120

respondents were selected from different engineering courses, 20

respondents in each selected engineering course.

Table 1

Respondents of the Study

Courses

Frequency (f)

Percentage (%)

Civil Engineering

20

16.67

Mechanical Engineering

20

16.67

Electrical Engineering

20

16.67

Industrial Engineering

20

16.67

Computer Engineering

20

16.67

Naval Architecture and Marine Engineering

20

16.67

Total

120

100

8

This

shows

percentage.

the

distribution

of

respondents

with

corresponding

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Research Instruments

The study utilized the researcher-made questionnaire focusing

on how academic skill on an engineering student has been developed

and how they can cope up in daily basis. The 32 item-questionnaire is

systematically prepared in document or survey form which contains

series

question

related

to

how

they

develop

their

skills.

The

questionnaire consist of four parts: The first part talk about how do

they read or what are their doings when reading.

The second part

focuses on their ability to write or their skills in writing. The third part

focused on their speaking skills or how confident they are when they

speak. The fourth part tackles on their listening skills or their ability to

listen and comprehend thoughts of other person. The objective of this

research

is

to

analyze

the current

academic

performance

and

development of an engineering student in University of Cebu.

10

Research Procedure

Gathering of Data. The researcher asked permission from the

instructor to seek permission to conduct survey to the selected

respondents.

The data were collected using survey type of questionnaire which are

distributed to twenty engineering students of the chosen course. The

survey is created using appropriate questions modified from other

related studies and questions which will be prepared by the research.

The survey is composed of questions related to reading, writing,

speaking,

and

listening.

The

survey

is

related

to

respondent’s

personal awareness on how he or she develop his or her skills.

The researchers personally distributed the survey questionnaire

to the respondents and retrieval was made afterwards.

Before the questionnaire were distributed to the respondents

the researcher first asked the approval of the professor to conduct

survey

in

his

or

her

students.

The

researcher

assured

the

confidentiality of the survey since writing the respondents name is

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entirely optional. Their response will be anonymous and will never be

linked to them personally. The respondents were given time to

answer the survey honestly and effectively.

Treatment of Data. The data collected were tabulated and

analyzed. Analyses data were guided by percentage and mean.

Response to the questionnaire by the respondents are statistically

analyses and tabulated to the percentage and mean.

Simple frequency and percentage was used to rate each item

related to their academic skill based in the questionnaire.

Weighted Mean was used to identify the verbal description of

each given item whether the score is very high, high, neutral, low,

and very low. This tell as the current academic development and

performance

of

the

respondent.

12

DEFINITION OF TERMS

To ensure clearer understanding and better appreciation of this

study, the following terms are operationally defined:

DEFINITION OF TERMS

To ensure clearer understanding and better appreciation of this

study, the following terms are operationally defined:

Academic Performance. This refers to the extent to which a

student, teacher or institution has achieved their short or long-term

educational goals.

Academic Skills. This refers to the array of skills which tackle

the process of organizing and taking in new information, retaining

information, or dealing with assessments.

Direct Beneficiaries. It can be defined as those who will

participate directly in the project, and thus benefit from its existence.

Effective

Communication.

It

refers

to

a

communication

between two or more persons wherein the intended message is

successfully delivered, received and understood.

Low

Proficiency.

It

competence or skill.

Scholastic.

education

It

refers

refers

to

lack

of

a

high

degree

of

to

subjects

concerning

schools

and

CHAPTER 2

PRESENTATION, ANALYSIS, AND INTERPRETATION OF DATA

This chapter shows the researcher’s data collection on the study

of “Academic Skills Development for the Engineering Students”. The

data collected and results are presented, analyzed, and Interpreted.

Development of Engineering Student in Reading

This section presents the number of item related to how an

engineering

student

developed

his/her

skills

in

reading

with

corresponding average mean and appropriate verbal description. The

data served

as the basis of the development in reading

of

an

engineering students who were the respondents of the study.

Table 2

Reading Development

 

Item

Average

Verbal

 

Mean

Description

1. I

look

over

assignments

before

   

starting reading.

3.60

H

2. Before reading, I think about important questions that I expect to have answered in my reading.

3.48

H

3. When reading, I highlight important passage.

3.84

H

4. I

am

awake,

but relaxed when I

   

read textbook.

3.28

N

5. I relate what I read to my own life.

3.71

H

6. I select a reading strategy to fit the type of material I’m reading.

3.67

H

7. I take effective notes when I read.

3.81

H

8. I review my reading assignments and notes, and follow up on question as necessary.

3.51

H

Legend

Range

Verbal Description

4.2

5.0

Very High (VH)

3.4

4.1

High (H)

2.6

3.3

Neutral (N)

1.8

2.5

Low (L)

1.0

1.7

Very Low (VL)

Table 2 shows how engineering student develop their reading

skills. The table shows that there are high number of student who

always look to their assignment before reading with an average of

3.60. There is also high number of student who think about important

question before starting to read which average of 3.48. Most of the

student highlight important details when reading. There is average of

3.28 students who are relaxed when reading. Also most of the

students relate what they read to their own life. An average of 3.67

students who create a strategy to make his or her reading is more

effective and easier. There is also a high number of students who

take an effective notes on his or her reading with an average of 3.81.

An average of 3.51 students who make a follow question after

reading to make sure he or she understands what he or she reads.

CHAPTER 3

SUMMARY, FINDINGS, CONCLUSION, AND RECOMMENDATION

This chapter presents the summary, findings, and conclusion,

and recommendations based of the study.

Summary

This study aimed to determine the development of academic

skills

in

engineering

students

in

University

of

Cebu.

The

data

gathered and findings have served as the basis for the proposed

recommendation plan. Specifically, it sought to answer the following

question: What are the standings of each engineering student in their

academics in terms of; what are the problems encountered by the

students as perceived by the students themselves and instructor in

terms of; what effective means can be used and elaborated based on

the findings of the study?

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Findings

After gathering, tabulating, analyzing, and interpreting the data,

the researchers found out that in development in reading, most of the

students does the following item in the survey. It shows that most

students always look to their assignment before reading and think

about important questions before starting to read. There are high

number of student who relate what they read in real life and uses

effective notes on their reading. Moderate amount of student relaxed

when they read textbook and some get sleepy after a period of time

reading.

26

Academic

skills

Conclusion

development

is

important

for

studies.

Developing one’s skill improves you and how you react to every task.

In engineering, students must know how to cope up and develop their

skills in reading, writing, speaking, and listening in order to boost their

skills in effective ways possible.

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Recommendations

Student should learn how to construct a set of goals. Goals enable

a student to continuously track their progress and adjust accordingly.

Using different resources is significantly more effective than using a

single resource. Using different resources, you can gain different

contexts

and

perspectives,

provide

different

associations

and

analogies and can help make learning more enjoyable. Get through

frustration period, when trying to learn a new skill or material can be

27

OUTPUT OF THE STUDY

Propose Action Plan 2018 2019

By Maynard A. Abing Kier Bryan D. Barbadillo

Vincent John L. Natividad

Introduction:

The

study

comprehensive way

to

provides

instructional

support

and

monitor

change

and

progress

across

a

variety of objectives

and goals

upon development

on academic

skills.

Moreover,

we

plan

to

implement

an

objective

and

propose

which

would

be

beneficial

for

the

study

to

progress

further and achieve its objectives.

28

Objective:

 

To

record,

obtain

and

determine

the

needed

information

from

people

who

come

across

from

the

study

specifically

the

engineering

student

in their

update

on

development of their academic skills.

 

Scope:

 

The

study

covers

the

Engineering

Student

in

any

year and in different

field or courses.

Scheme of Implementation:

We plan to gather data and information by surveying.

By surveying,

we

able

to

achieve

our

objective

in

determining

the academic skill development of the students.

Table 6 Action Plan
Table 6
Action Plan

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Area of Objectives Strategies Person Time Resources Outcome Concern Involve Frame Reading -To use graphic
Area of
Objectives
Strategies
Person
Time
Resources
Outcome
Concern
Involve
Frame
Reading
-To use graphic
-Seminars
-Engineering
November
50,000.00
The student will
Development
organizers
to
-Read
Students
2018
to
be able to infer
better
them some
-Instructors
March
meanings
of
understand
the
stories
-Chairperson
2019
unfamiliar
text
words
and
-To
develop
make
reading speed
inferences
and
-To discuss and
predictions
respond
to
based
on
context
of
the
information
in
text orally and in
the text
writing
Writing
-To
help
the
-Seminars
-Engineering
November
50,000.00
The student will
Development
Engineering
-To
write
Students
2018
to
be
able
to
Students
in
an essay
-Instructors
March
produce
writing
-Chairperson
2019
appropriate
-To
build
-Dean
vocabulary and
academic
correct
word
vocabulary
forms.
Student
-To
reflect
on
will use correct
and
evaluate
sentence
learning
and
structure
and
performance,
appropriate
and set goals for
grammar.
progress

30

Speaking -To enhance the communication -Language -Engineering June 2019 ₱ 90,000.00 The student Development
Speaking
-To enhance the
communication
-Language
-Engineering
June 2019
90,000.00
The
student
Development
Class
Students
to
March
and faculty will
skills
of
the
-Oral
-Faculty
2020
improve
their
engineering
Practice
Staffs
communication
students
-Seminars
- Instructors
skills where it
especially in their
is
very
useful
oral defense
in their career.
Listening
-To
be
able
to
-Practice
-Engineering
November
30,000.00
The
student
Development
understand
more
the posture
Students
2018
to
will
undertand
the importance of
of
listening
-Guidance
March
more
that
we
listening
before
we
-SAO Office
2020
must listen first
especially
in
act
for us
to have
following a given
-Have
an
an
efficient
instructions
or
activity
outcome.
rules
which
listening
skills
is
very
important

30

31

Books

REFERENCES

Galvin, M. K., (2001). Communication Works:

Communication Applications in the Workplace. USA: Contemporary Publishing Group, Inc.

Smith, L. N., (1982). Communication strategies in Evaluation. California: SAGE Publications Inc.

Pearson, J. C., & Nelson, P. E., (2003). Human Communication. New York: The Mc Gram Hill Companies Inc.

Unpublished Theses

Molina, C. F., (2015). Higher order thinking competence for college freshmen writing class (Unpublished Thesis). University of Cebu, Cebu City.

Abadilla, M. J., (2014). College students essay with proficiency (Unpublished Thesis). University of Cebu, Cebu City.

32

APPENDIX A RESPONDENT’S QUESTIONNAIRE

STUDENT SUCCESS KIT Pre Assessment Survey

ACADEMIC SKILL DEVELOPMENT

SCORING

5

HIGH

4

3

2

1

LOW

Reading

I 1

Before 2

answered in my reading.

look over reading assignments before I start reading.

reading, I think about important questions that I expect to have

3

When

reading, I highlight important passages.

4

I

am awake, but relaxed when I read textbooks.

5

I

relate what I read to my own life.

6

I

select a reading strategy to fit the type of material I’m reading.

7

I

take effective notes when I read.

review my reading assignments and notes, and follow up on questions as necessary.

8

I

Total

Score [40 points possible] for Reading [Tool 1]

Writing

1 feel confident about my ability to write.

I

2 can effectively plan a large writing assignment.

3 write first drafts without stopping to correct or rethink my writing.

4 write effective sentences and paragraphs, using correct grammar,

punctuation, and spelling.

use a well defined structure (introduction, body and conclusion) in my writing, as appropriate.

I 6

5

I

I

I

I

revise my writing to make it clear, correct, and consistent.

7 My

When 8

writing is free of sexist and culturally biased expressions.

writing, I accurately give credit for ideas and facts from other people.

44

Speaking Skills

I 1

am confident when I speak in classroom situations.

understand my personal preferences and have a well established set of personal goals.

When 3

being addressed.

When 4

I 5

pronunciation and good tone of voice.

I 6

message.

understand the difference in delivering messages of fact, interference, opinion, and judgement.

I 8

7

am confident that body language helps communicate my intended

speak English well; I have a good vocabulary; and I use clear

speaking, I change my speaking style depending on the audience

2

I

speaking, I am able to effectively organize my presentation.

I

can easily and effectively communicate for what I mean.

Total

Score [40 points possible] for Speaking Skills [Tool 3]

Listening Skills

I 1

Even 2

much as I can.

3 I can understand and appreciate views that are very different from my own

as

if a subject sounds difficult, I will try to listen anyway, learning as

am generally interested in other people and what they have to say.

on

controversial

matters

such

politics and religion.

someone criticizes me, I can listen quietly, and let him/her finish before replying.

4

If

5 show others that I am listening by looking interested and alert.

6 respond to the speaker by making comments that relate to what the

speaker has said and saying things like “I see.”

watch for body language, facial expression, and tone of voice to catch feelings that the speaker may not be expressing in words.

make a sincere attempt to understand what the speaker has to say before I give my opinion.

8

I 7

I

I

I

Total

Score [40 points possible] for Speaking Skills [Tool 3]

Comment and Suggestion:

Thank You!

Curriculum Vitae

Thank You! Curriculum Vitae General Information Name: Abing, Maynard Birth date: November 25, 1998 Address: Tisa,

General Information

Name: Abing, Maynard

Birth date: November 25, 1998

Address: Tisa, Cebu City

Contact No: 09435125667

Educational Background

Gender: Male

Civil Status: Single

Primary: Tisa 1 Elementary School

Secondary: Abellana National School

44

Tertiary: University of Cebu- Main Campus

Awards/Special Skills

44

NC II holder, Photograper, Computer Literacy (Photoshop)

General Information Name: Pabinguit, Clyde Birth date: December 2, 1997 Gender: Male Civil Status: Single

General Information

Name: Pabinguit, Clyde

Birth date: December 2, 1997

Gender: Male

Civil Status: Single

44

Address: Candanay Sur, Siquijor, Siquijor

Contact No: 09235205596

Educational Background

Primary: Siquijor Central Elementary School

Secondary: Siquijor Provincial Science High School

Tertiary: University of Cebu- Main Campus

Awards/Special Skills

44

With High Honors from Grade 1 to Grade 6, Division School Press

Conference Qualifier in Editorial Cartooning

APPENDICES

Appendix A

Transmittal letters

Appendix B

PROGRESS REPORT

44

Appendix C

GANTT CHART

44

44

44

Appendix D

44

GRAMMAR AND PLAGIARISM

Appendix E

Bill of Materials

44