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ChanRobles Internet Bar Review : ChanRobles Professional Review, Inc.

UPDATED

    
 
2018 BAR EXAMS
    
  a     

  s
  e    
  l
  b
Professor of Law, Bar Reviewer, Book Author & Legal Practitioner 

  o
   R    a 
    

   B

  n
  a    s

  e
  l
  b
  o   
   R    
  n
  a 
  h 
  C  

 What are the important labor-related constitutional principles?

          

               
       

NOTE:            


NOTE: 
              

  a 
              

   B
           

      


  s
  e
          
  b  l
NOTE: 
NOTE:
  o
                

   R 
  n
REASON:           

  a 
          
  s
  h
             
  e
  l
  C
       [See discussion below].

  b
        
 
  o
 
      
        
   R 
NOTE: 
          a 
NOTE:            
    
  n
  h
         


  

      


  C
    
    
       
   

NOTE:      “FREEDOM OF ASSOCIATION.”  


NOTE:      
      

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ChanRobles Internet Bar Review : ChanRobles Professional Review, Inc.

UPDATED  LAST-MINUTE PRE-WEEK NOTES ON LABOR LAW FOR THE 2018 BAR EXAMS
Prof. Joselito Guianan Chan
CHAN ROBLES ONLINE BAR REVIEW
www.chanroblesbar.com
SELLING THIS MATERIAL IS ABSOLUTELY PROHIBITED

     

NOTE: 
NOTE:              

            

NOTE: 
NOTE:           


  a 
   

  s
NOTE:             
NOTE: 

  e
RESIGNATION     RETURN-TO-WORK ORDER      

  l
  

  b
             

  o
    

   R    a 
              

   B
          

  n
  a 
  

  s    


 

  l  e
   


  b
THIS IS THE SECOND OF TWO PROTECTION-TO-LABOR CLAUSES:

  o
   R 
Section 3.            
          

  n
  a 
 
            

  h        right to strike 

  C
             
     They shall also participate in policy and decision-
making processes affecting their rights and benefits as may be
provided by law.
     principle of shared responsibility  
            
          
 
           
                 
        
NOTE: 
NOTE:          
   
  a 
                

  s
                

  e
  l
        

 Principle of Co-Determination 


  b
Co-Determination           

of Shared Responsibility     o


             Principle

   R 
           

  n
           

  a    s
        

  h
Example:                 e
  l
  C
          
  b
  o
              

   R 
           
        
 Does the grant of the right of participation mean co-management of business or  n
  a 
  h
intrusion into management prerogatives?

  C
            

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ChanRobles Internet Bar Review : ChanRobles Professional Review, Inc.

UPDATED  LAST-MINUTE PRE-WEEK NOTES ON LABOR LAW FOR THE 2018 BAR EXAMS
Prof. Joselito Guianan Chan
CHAN ROBLES ONLINE BAR REVIEW
www.chanroblesbar.com
SELLING THIS MATERIAL IS ABSOLUTELY PROHIBITED

 May cases be filed based on violation of the foregoing constitutional provisions?

             
              
              
              
    

 What are the kinds of procedural


p rocedural due process that may be asserted in labor cases? 

  a 
                 

  s   


              

  e
            

  b  l    Agabon doctrine 


  Agabon doctrine        
      and 

  o
   R 
  


  a 
    
  Abbott
 Abbott Laboratories       
              

  n    B


  a    s        


           
NOTE:

  e
  l


  b
          
       
  o
        
   R 
                 

  n  


  a 
             
            

  h               

  C        


    Agabon
 Agabon  
       
               
             
         
     en banc         
          addition   
addition 
 statutory  
             
             
           
                
               Agabon

 When can an employee invoke constitutional due process and right to equal protection of   a 
  s
the laws?

              e
           

  l
  b
                 

   R   o
               
                  

  n
                

  a    s
   
 Is right to counsel mandatory?
  h   e
  l
     Lopez     
  C   b
    Lopez v. Alturas Group of

  o
Companies            
    
   R 
  n
         
   

  a 
                
       

  h
 Is HEARING before an employee may be dismissed mandatory?

    Perez    


 
  C
    Perez v. PT & T 
   
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ChanRobles Internet Bar Review : ChanRobles Professional Review, Inc.

UPDATED  LAST-MINUTE PRE-WEEK NOTES ON LABOR LAW FOR THE 2018 BAR EXAMS
Prof. Joselito Guianan Chan
CHAN ROBLES ONLINE BAR REVIEW
www.chanroblesbar.com
SELLING THIS MATERIAL IS ABSOLUTELY PROHIBITED

      in writing  


      
      
   
    
 

          
       

  a  
  

   s
  e
Is Article 1700 of the Civil Code applicable to labor cases?

  l
  b
        

  o
            

   R    a 
              

   B
            

  n
  a 
            

  s
 

  e
  l
 Davao Integrated Port Stevedoring Services v. Abarquez, March 19, 1993.     

  b
                 
               

  o
   R 
               
                

  n
               

  a 
    

  h
 How is Article 1702 of the Civil Code correlated with Article 4 of the Labor Code?

  C
                  
        
       

              
           
       
  Construction in Favor of Labor.        
            
      
    
   
 
  
          
     
    
   

  a 
    
    s
  e
   
     
  l
  b
  o


   R 
  
 What
  n
are the distinctions between Labor Relations and Labor Standards?

  a    s
  e
Labor standards law             

  h
            
  l
  C
“Labor relations law”                 
  b
         
  
  o
          

   R 
    
         
  n


  a 
               
      
  h

  C
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ChanRobles Internet Bar Review : ChanRobles Professional Review, Inc.


5


  
  


 
 Who may commit illegal recruitment? 

  a 
         
       
  s  
  e
            

  b  l
  o
 What are illegal recruitment acts that can be committed by No. 1 above (NON-LICENSEE or

  a 
NON-HOLDER OF AUTHORITY)?

   R 
  n
         

  a    s
        
         


  e
 
     canvassing, enlisting, contracting, transporting, utilizing,

  l
hiring, or procuring workers and includes referring, contract services, promising or

  b
advertising for employment abroad, whether for profit or not.

  o
               

   R 
           

  n
  a 
             
                

  h   

  C
 What are acts of illegal recruitment when committed by ANY PERSON, whether a NON- 
LICENSEE, NON-HOLDER OF AUTHORITY or even by a LICENSEE or HOLDER OF
 AUTHORITY? 

               
              
              

                
  
              
            
             

  a 
             

   B
             

  s
      

  e
     
          

  b  l
              
     
     
  o
           

   R 
             

  n
            
   B
  a    s
                
           
  h
      e
  l
  C
    
      
          
  b
            o
              
 
   R 
  n
               

  a 
                

  h

  
  C
                
                
         
             
           
          
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ChanRobles Internet Bar Review : ChanRobles Professional Review, Inc.


UPDATED  LAST-MINUTE PRE-WEEK NOTES ON LABOR LAW FOR THE 2018 BAR EXAMS
Prof. Joselito Guianan Chan
CHAN ROBLES ONLINE BAR REVIEW
www.chanroblesbar.com
SELLING THIS MATERIAL IS ABSOLUTELY PROHIBITED

             


   
            


 
    
 What are the PROHIBITED ACTIVITIES in connection with recruitment for overseas

  a 
employment? 

  s
              

  e
        

  l
  b
               
                

  o
             

   R    a 
    

  n
              

  s
           
  a    e
                 

  l
              

  b
              

  o
         

   R 
              
    

  n
  a 
              
           

  h
          

  C
         
             
      
 
               
                 
           

  


 What is a “license” for overseas recruitment?
“License”               
“License” 
          
  
 What is an “authority” for overseas employment?

  a 
“Authority”              

   B
             
               
      s
  e
 What are the elements of illegal recruitment?
  b  l
   o
            

   R     B
   
  
  
  
   
 
  n
    a    s
   
      
      h   e
  l
         

  C   b

  


  o
   R 
 What are the 2 elements of simple illegal recruitment?
        
       n
  a 
         

  h
       

  C
      
    “recruitment and placement” 
          prohibited practices
practices   
        
 Can a recruiter be a natural or juridical person?

 What are some relevant principles on illegal recruitment?
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ChanRobles Internet Bar Review : ChanRobles Professional Review, Inc.


UPDATED  LAST-MINUTE PRE-WEEK NOTES ON LABOR LAW FOR THE 2018 BAR EXAMS
Prof. Joselito Guianan Chan
CHAN ROBLES ONLINE BAR REVIEW
www.chanroblesbar.com
SELLING THIS MATERIAL IS ABSOLUTELY PROHIBITED

               
   
  
               

                
       
          
                 
“recruitment and placement”           
               


  a 
        
              

  s
               

  e


  b  l
             
 

  o
            

   R    a 
      

                 

  n
  a 
   

  s
  e
           
 

  b  l
                
      alibi           
                

  o
   

   R       


  n
   

  a 
 When

  h
is illegal recruitment considered a crime involving economic sabotage?

  C   
  
  
   
 

NOTE: THE NUMBER 3 MAKES THE DIFFERENCE:

 3 OR MORE RECRUITERS    =


  = SYNDICATE
      LARGE SCALE
3 OR MORE RECRUITEES  
 When is illegal recruitment committed by a syndicate?
              
   carried out  

       

  a 
              


   B
             

  s


  e
            

  l
      
  
       
     
   
  b
    
  

  o
               

   R  
               

  n
             
   B
 When
        h
is illegal recruitment considered in large scale?   a    s
  e
  b  l
   
  C
   
      
  o

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ChanRobles Internet Bar Review : ChanRobles Professional Review, Inc.


UPDATED  LAST-MINUTE PRE-WEEK NOTES ON LABOR LAW FOR THE 2018 BAR EXAMS
Prof. Joselito Guianan Chan
CHAN ROBLES ONLINE BAR REVIEW
www.chanroblesbar.com
SELLING THIS MATERIAL IS ABSOLUTELY PROHIBITED

                

             

   
     
  malum prohibitum 
prohibitum   malum in se
se

   


 Can a person be charged and convicted separately for illegal recruitment and estafa involving

  a 
one and the same act of recruitment?
                

  s
    

  e
  

  b  l
      
      
    
       

  o
   R    a 
      
  
  n
  a    s
  e
 What is the nature of the liability between local recruiter and its foreign principal?

  b  l
                 
     
 Is
  o
the solidary liability of corporate officers with the recruitment agency “automatic” in

   R 
character?

  n
                  
                    
  a 
                 

  h
                

  C
           
 What are some relevant principles on the persons liable for illegal recruitment?
                
              
   
     
          
                
            
             
   
      

   


 What is meant by this theory?
                  a 
   B
  s
               

  e
                  

  b  l
                
            

  o
             

   R 
               

  n    B
                

  a    s
                

  e
             

  h
  b  l
                

  C
               

  o
              
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ChanRobles Internet Bar Review : ChanRobles Professional Review, Inc.


UPDATED  LAST-MINUTE PRE-WEEK NOTES ON LABOR LAW FOR THE 2018 BAR EXAMS
Prof. Joselito Guianan Chan
CHAN ROBLES ONLINE BAR REVIEW
www.chanroblesbar.com
SELLING THIS MATERIAL IS ABSOLUTELY PROHIBITED

     


    
 Can an OFW acquire regularity of employment? 
              
             
 What are some relevant principles?
 Indefinite 
Indefinite               

  a 
       
.                  

  s
                

  e
              

  b  l
             
  

  o
             


   R    a 
              
  It is for the mutual interest of both the seafarer and the employer why the

  n
  a 
employment status must be contractual only or for a certain period of time   

  s
                

  e
  b  l
                
             
              

  o
      

   R 
     

  n
 What is the effect of hiring a seafarer for overseas employment but assigning him to local

  a       


vessel?

  h

         
                  

  C
               
                  
                
           
 What is the effect of non-deployment of OFW to overseas employment?
            
              
                  
         “seafarers are considered contractual
employees and cannot  be  be considered as regular employees under the Labor Code. Their employment is
governed by the contracts they sign every time they are rehired and their employment is terminated when
the contract expires. The exigencies of their work necessitate that they be employed on a contractual
basis..
basis
 What is the    ?    a 
   B
  s
“Presumed-identity approach”  
  “processual presumption”  
      

  e
                   

  b  l
                 
      
 Isdue process under Philippine law applicable to termination of employment of OFWs?
  o
   R 
                
   
  n    B
 Is
  a 
the Agabon doctrine applicable to OFWs who are dismissed for cause but without due
  s
  e
  h
 process? 

  b  l
   Agabon
 Agabon               

  C
              
  
  o
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ChanRobles Internet Bar Review : ChanRobles Professional Review, Inc.


UPDATED  LAST-MINUTE PRE-WEEK NOTES ON LABOR LAW FOR THE 2018 BAR EXAMS
Prof. Joselito Guianan Chan
CHAN ROBLES ONLINE BAR REVIEW
www.chanroblesbar.com
SELLING THIS MATERIAL IS ABSOLUTELY PROHIBITED

             
  
        Serrano       
Serrano 
                  

             
           
             
              
               

  a 
                
              
  

  s
  e
              

  b  l
            
       was the unconstitutionality of the above-underlined

  o
 part of the provision cured
cured by such replication or re-enactment
re-enactment in the amendatory law? 

   R    a 
  en banc             2 

  n
               

  a    s
       
 What
  e
  l
are some principles in regard to monetary awards to OFWs?

   b

                   

  o

   R 
2.                   
              

  n
                

  a       



           

  h
                

  C
                 
                 
                 
         
4.                 
                 
                
               
      
       

 Which/Who has jurisdiction over an OFW’s claims for disability and death benefits?
               

  a 
  

   B
                 

  s
 Is the Labor Code’s concept of permanent total disability similar to that of OFWs?

                 e
                 

  l
 What
  b
  o
are the requisites for compensability of injury or illness of seafarers?
      
  
     

   R 
     

   B
 
  a   n   s
  h   e
  C   b  l
 What is direct hiring?
“Direct Hiring”              

  o
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ChanRobles Internet Bar Review : ChanRobles Professional Review, Inc.


UPDATED  LAST-MINUTE PRE-WEEK NOTES ON LABOR LAW FOR THE 2018 BAR EXAMS
Prof. Joselito Guianan Chan
CHAN ROBLES ONLINE BAR REVIEW
www.chanroblesbar.com
SELLING THIS MATERIAL IS ABSOLUTELY PROHIBITED

               
                 
unconstitutional        
    
 Is remittance of foreign exchange earnings by OFWs mandatory?
                
             

  a 
              
 

  s
  e

   

  b  l
  o
 What is an ALIEN EMPLOYMENT PERMIT (AEP)?

   R    a 
               

  n
           
      

  a    s
  

  e
  b  l
 Who are required to procure AEP?
   
   
    
   
   

  o
  

   R 
             

  n
  

  a                

  h
               

  C
         
 What are the categories of foreign nationals EXEMPTED from securing AEP?
              
     
              
         
   
    
             
                
   

  a 
       
        

   B
           
             

     s


             

  e
  b  l
            

  o
        
 What are the categories of foreign nationals EXCLUDED from securing AEP?
   R     B
  n
         
      
  

  a    s
          

  h   e
             

  b  l
           
  
      
  C
    

  o
  
       
    
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ChanRobles Internet Bar Review : ChanRobles Professional Review, Inc.


UPDATED  LAST-MINUTE PRE-WEEK NOTES ON LABOR LAW FOR THE 2018 BAR EXAMS
Prof. Joselito Guianan Chan
CHAN ROBLES ONLINE BAR REVIEW
www.chanroblesbar.com
SELLING THIS MATERIAL IS ABSOLUTELY PROHIBITED

             
           
        
             

               
           
              
        

  a 
         
                   

  s
   

  e
  b  l
 What is the validity of an AEP?
        

  o
            
Exception: 
Exception:

   R    a 
           

  n
  a    s 
  e
     

  b  l 
  o
   R 
  

  n
 What are the distinctions between learnership and apprenticeship?

  a 
    

  h
 Practical training. 
training.        

  C  Training agreement. 


agreement.         
      
 Occupation. 
Occupation.       semi-skilled and other
industrial occupations 
occupations       
apprenticeable occupations 
occupations           
    
 Theoretical instructions.
instructions.         
         
 
 Ratio of theoretical instructions and on-the-job training      
             
            

   B  a 
           
      

  s
 Competency-based system.           
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ChanRobles Internet Bar Review : ChanRobles Professional Review, Inc.


UPDATED  LAST-MINUTE PRE-WEEK NOTES ON LABOR LAW FOR THE 2018 BAR EXAMS
Prof. Joselito Guianan Chan
CHAN ROBLES ONLINE BAR REVIEW
www.chanroblesbar.com
SELLING THIS MATERIAL IS ABSOLUTELY PROHIBITED

               
            EXCEPT      
           
 Circumstances justifying hiring of trainees
trainees      
             
    
      
           

  a 
 
   
   
         

  s
  

  e
  b  l
 Limitation on the number of trainees
trainees         
                
         

  o
   R 
 Option to employ. 
  a 
employ.      obliged  
       
             “option”  
 

  n
  a    s
     

  e
 Wage rate
rate               

  b  l
    

  o
   R   

 

  n
 

  a        



  h
Who are persons with disability (PWDs)?

  C “Persons with Disability”  


            
                
     
 What is impairment?
“Impairment”             
   
 What is disability?
“Disability”              
              
             
 What is handicap?
“Handicap”               

   B  a 
                  
 

  s
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ChanRobles Internet Bar Review : ChanRobles Professional Review, Inc.


UPDATED  LAST-MINUTE PRE-WEEK NOTES ON LABOR LAW FOR THE 2018 BAR EXAMS
Prof. Joselito Guianan Chan
CHAN ROBLES ONLINE BAR REVIEW
www.chanroblesbar.com
SELLING THIS MATERIAL IS ABSOLUTELY PROHIBITED

    


         
               
             
  
   
  
 
     
   
   
      
     
 
   
      
     

               

  a 
         
       
    
  

  s
           

  e
 

  b  l
   
     
     
  
     

  o
   R 
              

  a 
             

  n
             

  a    s
         

  e
  b  l
             
              
             

  o
        

   R 
  
       
 

  n
  a 
  h
  C


   B  a 
  s
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ChanRobles Internet Bar Review : ChanRobles Professional Review, Inc.


UPDATED  LAST-MINUTE PRE-WEEK NOTES ON LABOR LAW FOR THE 2018 BAR EXAMS
Prof. Joselito Guianan Chan
CHAN ROBLES ONLINE BAR REVIEW
www.chanroblesbar.com
SELLING THIS MATERIAL IS ABSOLUTELY PROHIBITED


  
 

  
  a  

  s
  e


  b  l
 Who are covered by the labor standards provisions of the Labor Code?
               

  o
   R 
 
 Who are excluded?
  a 
  n
  a 
            

  s
  e

  

  l
  

  b

       
  

  o

 
         
  
 
   R 
  
 
   

  n
   


  a 
   

  h 
  C   

    

 What are compensable hours worked?


        
                  
        
            

                

   B  a 
   


  s
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ChanRobles Internet Bar Review : ChanRobles Professional Review, Inc.


UPDATED  LAST-MINUTE PRE-WEEK NOTES ON LABOR LAW FOR THE 2018 BAR EXAMS
Prof. Joselito Guianan Chan
CHAN ROBLES ONLINE BAR REVIEW
www.chanroblesbar.com
SELLING THIS MATERIAL IS ABSOLUTELY PROHIBITED

                
             
       
 What are the conditions for its validity? 
              
       
   
 How should compensation be made under a valid CWW? 
                

  a 
              
                 

  s
           

  e
  b  l

 


  o
   R  

  a 
What are the effects of power interruptions/brownouts?

  n
  a 
          

  s
              

  e
  b  l
           
              
        
  o
             
   R    

  n
  a 
           
               

  h            

  C    



 
   
 What is the rule on time-off for regular meal?
                
      

 Ismeal break compensable?


        
         
         
  
      
 

    B  a 
  s
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ChanRobles Internet Bar Review : ChanRobles Professional Review, Inc.


UPDATED  LAST-MINUTE PRE-WEEK NOTES ON LABOR LAW FOR THE 2018 BAR EXAMS
Prof. Joselito Guianan Chan
CHAN ROBLES ONLINE BAR REVIEW
www.chanroblesbar.com
SELLING THIS MATERIAL IS ABSOLUTELY PROHIBITED

             


      plus 30% of the basic hourly rate which includes 50%
additional compensation as provided in Article 93 [c] of the Labor Code
Code
               plus
 of the basic hourly rate which includes 100%
30% of
30%  additional compensation as provided
100% additional
in Article 94 [b] of the Labor Code
Code 
             
     plus
  plus 30% of the basic hourly rate which includes 160%
30% of

  a 
additional compensation.

 What is the distinction between PREMIUM PAY and OVERTIME PAY? 

  s
  e
             
“Premium pay”  
                  
  l


  b
  o
             
“Overtime pay”  

  a 
 
   R 
                  
             

  n
  a 

  s
What is built-in overtime pay? 

  e
            

  b  l
                  
     

  o    
What is emergency overtime work?

   R 
  

  n
  a 
                
        

  h         


 
  C                  
       
                
              
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ChanRobles Internet Bar Review : ChanRobles Professional Review, Inc.


UPDATED  LAST-MINUTE PRE-WEEK NOTES ON LABOR LAW FOR THE 2018 BAR EXAMS
Prof. Joselito Guianan Chan
CHAN ROBLES ONLINE BAR REVIEW
www.chanroblesbar.com
SELLING THIS MATERIAL IS ABSOLUTELY PROHIBITED

               
                  

. Where night shift (10 p.m. to 6 a.m.) work is o vertime work.
                  
          
                  
         

  a 
. For overtime work in the night shift.  
       
               

  s
  e


  l
  b
          
  
             
  

  o
                      

   R    a 
           
       

  n
  a    s 
  e
  l
 

  b 

  o
   R 
  

  n
 What is the duration of weekly rest period?

  a    


                

  h   


          
    

  C
 
 Is the employer’s prerogative to determine the rest period of its employees subject to
limitations? 
               
                
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ChanRobles Internet Bar Review : ChanRobles Professional Review, Inc.


UPDATED  LAST-MINUTE PRE-WEEK NOTES ON LABOR LAW FOR THE 2018 BAR EXAMS
Prof. Joselito Guianan Chan
CHAN ROBLES ONLINE BAR REVIEW
www.chanroblesbar.com
SELLING THIS MATERIAL IS ABSOLUTELY PROHIBITED

            

    

       
           
           
  

             
         
       


   a 
  
 
     
 


  s
     
          


  e
  l
What are REGULAR and SPECIAL HOLIDAYS?
HOLIDAYS?

  b   

  o
   R 
  
   

  a 



 
 

  n
  a 
  
 
  s 




 
  e
  l
  
 

 
 

  b
        

  o
 

   R 
 




 
 

  n
     

  a 
   
  h
  C
      
    
      
   
    


     


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ChanRobles Internet Bar Review : ChanRobles Professional Review, Inc.


UPDATED  LAST-MINUTE PRE-WEEK NOTES ON LABOR LAW FOR THE 2018 BAR EXAMS
Prof. Joselito Guianan Chan
CHAN ROBLES ONLINE BAR REVIEW
www.chanroblesbar.com
SELLING THIS MATERIAL IS ABSOLUTELY PROHIBITED

 If the employee worked during a regular holiday that also falls on his/her rest day,   
                 
        
 If the employee worked in excess of eight hours (overtime work) during a regular holiday that
also falls on his/her rest day, 
day,             
                
   
   

  a 
work,             
 If the employee did not work, 
           

  s
 If the employee worked, 
worked,              

  e
           

  l
  b
 If the employee worked in excess of eight hours (overtime work), 
work),       
                

  o
   R 
         

  a 
 If the employee worked during a special day that also falls on his/her rest day, 
day,   

  n
               

  a    s
     

  e
  l
 If the employee worked in excess of eight hours (overtime work) during a special day that also

  b
falls on his/her rest day, 
day,              
                

  o


   R     


 

  n
  a 
 For private establishments, 
establishments,            
        

  h      employees in private schools, whether academic or administrative

  C
 personnel, 
 personnel,               
  

 What are the effects of absences on the computation of holiday pay?


 Employees on leave of absence with pay -         
   
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ChanRobles Internet Bar Review : ChanRobles Professional Review, Inc.


UPDATED  LAST-MINUTE PRE-WEEK NOTES ON LABOR LAW FOR THE 2018 BAR EXAMS
Prof. Joselito Guianan Chan
CHAN ROBLES ONLINE BAR REVIEW
www.chanroblesbar.com
SELLING THIS MATERIAL IS ABSOLUTELY PROHIBITED

              
     “supervised”   “unsupervised”        
          
 
   supervised
 supervised  unsupervised  
       
       supervised        
    
             
              
 

  a 
   
    unsupervised    
   
        pakyao  takay        

  s
  e
           
 

  l
               pakyao

  b
 takay              
              

  o
   R 

  a 
 Are seasonal workers entitled
entitled to holiday pay? 

  n
               

  a    s
              

  e
  l
 Are seafarers entitled to holiday pay?

  b
               
             
   o
   R 
What are important principles on holiday pay?

  n
  a 
                  


  h 

o         

  C
o                  
 “Monthly-paid”  
          


  
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ChanRobles Internet Bar Review : ChanRobles Professional Review, Inc.


UPDATED  LAST-MINUTE PRE-WEEK NOTES ON LABOR LAW FOR THE 2018 BAR EXAMS
Prof. Joselito Guianan Chan
CHAN ROBLES ONLINE BAR REVIEW
www.chanroblesbar.com
SELLING THIS MATERIAL IS ABSOLUTELY PROHIBITED

 What is meant by “basic salary” or “basic wage”?


                
                 
              

                 
 actually received                
       
 
  a   

  s
 What are the kinds of establishment covered by the law on service charge?

  e              

  b  l
            
           

  o
   

   R  
  a 
Who are the employees covered by this law?

  n
  a 
              

  s
              

  e
         

  b  l
 Who are not covered?

  o
            
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ChanRobles Internet Bar Review : ChanRobles Professional Review, Inc.


UPDATED  LAST-MINUTE PRE-WEEK NOTES ON LABOR LAW FOR THE 2018 BAR EXAMS
Prof. Joselito Guianan Chan
CHAN ROBLES ONLINE BAR REVIEW
www.chanroblesbar.com
SELLING THIS MATERIAL IS ABSOLUTELY PROHIBITED

                
                

  
 What are the attributes of wage? 
“Wage”  
    
                 

  a 
     
          
        

  s
          

  e
                 

  b  l
               
               

  o
            “Fair and

   R    a 
reasonable value”  
                


  n
  a      s
  e
 What is basic wage?

  l
               

  b
             
              

  o
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ChanRobles Internet Bar Review : ChanRobles Professional Review, Inc.


UPDATED  LAST-MINUTE PRE-WEEK NOTES ON LABOR LAW FOR THE 2018 BAR EXAMS
Prof. Joselito Guianan Chan
CHAN ROBLES ONLINE BAR REVIEW
www.chanroblesbar.com
SELLING THIS MATERIAL IS ABSOLUTELY PROHIBITED

                
                
     
 What are supplements? 
            
  “supplements”  
      
      
 What are the distinctions between facilities and supplements?
              

  a 
         supplement         
         facility             
 

  s
                 
 

  e
              

  b  l
                  
           

  o
   R 
 What is the rule on deductibility of facilities and supplements?

  a 
       

  n
  a    s
  e


  b  l
  

  o
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ChanRobles Internet Bar Review : ChanRobles Professional Review, Inc.


UPDATED  LAST-MINUTE PRE-WEEK NOTES ON LABOR LAW FOR THE 2018 BAR EXAMS
Prof. Joselito Guianan Chan
CHAN ROBLES ONLINE BAR REVIEW
www.chanroblesbar.com
SELLING THIS MATERIAL IS ABSOLUTELY PROHIBITED

             

               
                
       
               
       

  a 
(a)               
              
              

  s
  e
 

  b  l
(b)          -      
               
              

  o
   R    a 
(c)    

         

  n

              

  a    s
              

  e
       
    

  b  l
             
             

  o
     
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ChanRobles Internet Bar Review : ChanRobles Professional Review, Inc.


UPDATED  LAST-MINUTE PRE-WEEK NOTES ON LABOR LAW FOR THE 2018 BAR EXAMS
Prof. Joselito Guianan Chan
CHAN ROBLES ONLINE BAR REVIEW
www.chanroblesbar.com
SELLING THIS MATERIAL IS ABSOLUTELY PROHIBITED

             
             
          


  
        
 
          
  a 
                  
                   

  s
             

  e
  b  l
        
              

  o
                

  a   


   R     
 

  n
  a    s
  e
 May employer deduct from wage of employees?

  l
              

  b
                 

         

  o
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ChanRobles Internet Bar Review : ChanRobles Professional Review, Inc.


UPDATED  LAST-MINUTE PRE-WEEK NOTES ON LABOR LAW FOR THE 2018 BAR EXAMS
Prof. Joselito Guianan Chan
CHAN ROBLES ONLINE BAR REVIEW
www.chanroblesbar.com
SELLING THIS MATERIAL IS ABSOLUTELY PROHIBITED

      


               
                
                  
             
      
    
        
 

  a 
            
      
 

  s
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ChanRobles Internet Bar Review : ChanRobles Professional Review, Inc.


UPDATED  LAST-MINUTE PRE-WEEK NOTES ON LABOR LAW FOR THE 2018 BAR EXAMS
Prof. Joselito Guianan Chan
CHAN ROBLES ONLINE BAR REVIEW
www.chanroblesbar.com
SELLING THIS MATERIAL IS ABSOLUTELY PROHIBITED

                
“Floor Wage Method,”                  
           “Salary-Ceili
“Salary-Ceiling
ng Method,”  
    
                 
      

      


 What are the minimum wage rates of workers paid by results?
   
     

  a 
            takay, pakyaw
                
  s
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ChanRobles Internet Bar Review : ChanRobles Professional Review, Inc.


UPDATED  LAST-MINUTE PRE-WEEK NOTES ON LABOR LAW FOR THE 2018 BAR EXAMS
Prof. Joselito Guianan Chan
CHAN ROBLES ONLINE BAR REVIEW
www.chanroblesbar.com
SELLING THIS MATERIAL IS ABSOLUTELY PROHIBITED

                
       
          
            
               
     “wage distortion,”          
            


  a 
             
               

  s
              
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ChanRobles Internet Bar Review : ChanRobles Professional Review, Inc.


UPDATED  LAST-MINUTE PRE-WEEK NOTES ON LABOR LAW FOR THE 2018 BAR EXAMS
Prof. Joselito Guianan Chan
CHAN ROBLES ONLINE BAR REVIEW
www.chanroblesbar.com
SELLING THIS MATERIAL IS ABSOLUTELY PROHIBITED

 What is the number of delivery or miscarriage covered?


              
 Is an unmarried woman entitled to maternity leave benefit?
                 
     

 
 What is paternity leave benefit?

  a  leave”              
“Paternity leave” 
   
               

  s
                
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ChanRobles Internet Bar Review : ChanRobles Professional Review, Inc.


UPDATED  LAST-MINUTE PRE-WEEK NOTES ON LABOR LAW FOR THE 2018 BAR EXAMS
Prof. Joselito Guianan Chan
CHAN ROBLES ONLINE BAR REVIEW
www.chanroblesbar.com
SELLING THIS MATERIAL IS ABSOLUTELY PROHIBITED

 What is the effect of change of status o f the solo parent?


                 
               
 
 Who are considered children under this law?
"Children"                 
                
          

  a 
Is an unavailed parental leave convertible to cash?
                  

  s
     
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ChanRobles Internet Bar Review : ChanRobles Professional Review, Inc.


UPDATED  LAST-MINUTE PRE-WEEK NOTES ON LABOR LAW FOR THE 2018 BAR EXAMS
Prof. Joselito Guianan Chan
CHAN ROBLES ONLINE BAR REVIEW
www.chanroblesbar.com
SELLING THIS MATERIAL IS ABSOLUTELY PROHIBITED

             
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ChanRobles Internet Bar Review : ChanRobles Professional Review, Inc.


UPDATED  LAST-MINUTE PRE-WEEK NOTES ON LABOR LAW FOR THE 2018 BAR EXAMS
Prof. Joselito Guianan Chan
CHAN ROBLES ONLINE BAR REVIEW
www.chanroblesbar.com
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ChanRobles Internet Bar Review : ChanRobles Professional Review, Inc.


UPDATED  LAST-MINUTE PRE-WEEK NOTES ON LABOR LAW FOR THE 2018 BAR EXAMS
Prof. Joselito Guianan Chan
CHAN ROBLES ONLINE BAR REVIEW
www.chanroblesbar.com
SELLING THIS MATERIAL IS ABSOLUTELY PROHIBITED

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ChanRobles Internet Bar Review : ChanRobles Professional Review, Inc.


UPDATED  LAST-MINUTE PRE-WEEK NOTES ON LABOR LAW FOR THE 2018 BAR EXAMS
Prof. Joselito Guianan Chan
CHAN ROBLES ONLINE BAR REVIEW
www.chanroblesbar.com
SELLING THIS MATERIAL IS ABSOLUTELY PROHIBITED

              
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ChanRobles Internet Bar Review : ChanRobles Professional Review, Inc.


UPDATED  LAST-MINUTE PRE-WEEK NOTES ON LABOR LAW FOR THE 2018 BAR EXAMS
Prof. Joselito Guianan Chan
CHAN ROBLES ONLINE BAR REVIEW
www.chanroblesbar.com
SELLING THIS MATERIAL IS ABSOLUTELY PROHIBITED

                
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ChanRobles Internet Bar Review : ChanRobles Professional Review, Inc.


UPDATED  LAST-MINUTE PRE-WEEK NOTES ON LABOR LAW FOR THE 2018 BAR EXAMS
Prof. Joselito Guianan Chan
CHAN ROBLES ONLINE BAR REVIEW
www.chanroblesbar.com
SELLING THIS MATERIAL IS ABSOLUTELY PROHIBITED


  
  


  a 
 
  

  s
Who are covered employers?

  e
            
   
 

  b  l
   
         
   

  o
   R 
      

  a 
     
      

  n
              

  a    s
     

  e
Who are compulsorily covered employees?

  b  l
     
         


  o
               

   R 
              
             

  n
  a 

           

  h            

  C
        
                


  Are self-employed persons


persons covered?
              
                   
    
  
   
    

   
  
        

 
  
    


   B  a 
    
          
  

  

  s
  e
             

  b  l
         
            
 
 Who may be covered voluntarily?
  o
   R     B
  

  n
  a 
            


  s
  e
       

  h
  C   b  l
  
 
 

  o
              

   R 
       i.e. i.e.     

  
      n
  a 
  h
              

  C
               
             
                
                 

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ChanRobles Internet Bar Review : ChanRobles Professional Review, Inc.


UPDATED  LAST-MINUTE PRE-WEEK NOTES ON LABOR LAW FOR THE 2018 BAR EXAMS
Prof. Joselito Guianan Chan
CHAN ROBLES ONLINE BAR REVIEW
www.chanroblesbar.com
SELLING THIS MATERIAL IS ABSOLUTELY PROHIBITED

 What is the effective date of coverage?


  
    
                
                 
             
                 

   
             
                

  a 
 
  
  s
  e
              

  b  l
          
               

  o
   R 
 Who are excluded employers?

  a 
          

  n
         

  a  
  s
  e
Who are excluded employees?

  b  l 
             


  o
 
              

   R 
                 
      

  n
  a 
           


  

  h               

  C   Provided, however, 


however,      
        
              
             
           Provided,
further, 
further,               
          Provided, finally, 
finally,  
           
              
        bona-fide 
             


   B  a 
 What are the classifications of benefits?
          

  s
   
 
  e
  b  l
 
 

  o
 

   R 
   
   
  n    B
  a    s
  e
  h
 Who are primary beneficiaries? 
 primary  
   primary   
        
  C   l
  b
     
      
 

       





  
  o
  

   R 
  n
      

  a 
      in the absence 
absence    
        
   
    
  h
 Who are secondary beneficiaries?
   secondary  
 
  C
         primary 
 primary  
 
              
         
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ChanRobles Internet Bar Review : ChanRobles Professional Review, Inc.


UPDATED  LAST-MINUTE PRE-WEEK NOTES ON LABOR LAW FOR THE 2018 BAR EXAMS
Prof. Joselito Guianan Chan
CHAN ROBLES ONLINE BAR REVIEW
www.chanroblesbar.com
SELLING THIS MATERIAL IS ABSOLUTELY PROHIBITED


 
  
 Who are compulsorily required to become members of the GSIS? 
            
             
                 


  a 
               
     

  s
               

  e
               

  b  l
                   
                   


  o
     
              

   R    a 
              

  n
  a 
     

  s
            

  e
  b  l
          
            


   o
   R 
What are the classes of membership in the GSIS?

  n
            

  a  
           

  h                

  C
        
         
            
              
           
           
             
               
   
          
    
                
             
     

   B  a 
                

  s
           

  e
     

  b  l
 When does membership become effective?
                
      
 What is the effect of separation from the service?   o
   R 
  n
                 
   B
  a 
                
  s
  e
  h
  b  l
 Who are excluded from the compulsory coverage of the GSIS Law? 
       
  C
             
  o
   R 
             

  n

           
  a 
  h
          
            
 

  C  

 What are the kinds of benefits under the GSIS Law?


        
    
     
 
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ChanRobles Internet Bar Review : ChanRobles Professional Review, Inc.


UPDATED  LAST-MINUTE PRE-WEEK NOTES ON LABOR LAW FOR THE 2018 BAR EXAMS
Prof. Joselito Guianan Chan
CHAN ROBLES ONLINE BAR REVIEW
www.chanroblesbar.com
SELLING THIS MATERIAL IS ABSOLUTELY PROHIBITED

  


  
  
 Who are beneficiaries under the GSIS Law?
            
 Primary              
 
 Secondary              

  a 
    

 Who are dependents under the GSIS Law?

  s
    

  e
  b  l
    
       
            

  o
   R 
  gainfully employed              

  a 
             

  n
     

  a    s
  e
        

  b  l
Gainful Occupation 
Occupation             
       

  o
   R 

 
   n
  a 
What is limited portability scheme?
  

  h                

  C
                
                  
              
 What is totalization?
  “totalization”               
                

What is portability?
      “portability”  
           
          
 How are benefits computed?
                

   B  a 
            benefits    
    
           
   
            
“Benefits”  
       s
  e
  b  l
  
  


 
    o
   R 

  n
             
   B
  a    s
     
       
  h
       

  e
 When does totalization apply? 
  C   b  l
         
    
          
      
    o
   R 
  n
                

  a 
              

  h
               

  C
          
 What is the effect if worker is not qualified after totalization? 
                 
              
 What is the effect if worker qualifies for benefits in both Systems?
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ChanRobles Internet Bar Review : ChanRobles Professional Review, Inc.


UPDATED  LAST-MINUTE PRE-WEEK NOTES ON LABOR LAW FOR THE 2018 BAR EXAMS
Prof. Joselito Guianan Chan
CHAN ROBLES ONLINE BAR REVIEW
www.chanroblesbar.com
SELLING THIS MATERIAL IS ABSOLUTELY PROHIBITED


 
   
 What is the State Insurance Fund [SIF]?
               
         
        
      


  a 
              
                 

  s
              

  e
       

  b  l
 What are the agencies involved in the implementation of the Employees Compensation
Program (ECP)?

  o             
 
  a   
   R        
      

  n
                

  a    s
    
      

  e
    

    l
  b 
 Who are covered by the ECP? 
        

  o
 

   R 
  

  n


  a 
        
               

  h             


  C        


               
   
        

           
        
         
     
  
     
      
    
  
             
    

   B  a 
 When is the start of coverage of employees under the ECP?
                first day
  
  s
  e
  b  l
 What are the benefits under the ECP?
         
  
     o
   R 
   
  n    B
   
      a    s
  e
  h
  b  l
  
  
  C
  o
   R 
  n
  a 
   h
  C
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ChanRobles Internet Bar Review : ChanRobles Professional Review, Inc.


UPDATED  LAST-MINUTE PRE-WEEK NOTES ON LABOR LAW FOR THE 2018 BAR EXAMS
Prof. Joselito Guianan Chan
CHAN ROBLES ONLINE BAR REVIEW
www.chanroblesbar.com
SELLING THIS MATERIAL IS ABSOLUTELY PROHIBITED


  
 


  a 
  


  s
  e
    


  l
  b Who are eligible to join, form or assist a labor organization for purposes of collective

  o bargaining?

   R        a 


  n
  a    s
       
  
 

  e
         

  l
    

  b
        
   

  o
  
  
        

   R 
     

  n
  a 
     
     

  h
   
     

  C    


    
      
  

          


        
          
  Are front-line managers
managers or supervisors eligible
eligible to join, form or assist a labor organization?
          
 Do alien employees have the right to join a labor organization?
        
            

  a 
                  

   B
               
          
  
  s
  e

  l
Do members of cooperatives have the right to join, form or assist a labor organization?
       
  b
 What about employees of a cooperative?
           o
   R 
 What about members who are at the same time employees of the cooperative?
  n    B
  a 
              
  s
  e
  h
        
     

      

  C
Can employees of job contractors join, form or assist a labor organization?   l
  b
  o
               
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ChanRobles Internet Bar Review : ChanRobles Professional Review, Inc.


UPDATED  LAST-MINUTE PRE-WEEK NOTES ON LABOR LAW FOR THE 2018 BAR EXAMS
Prof. Joselito Guianan Chan
CHAN ROBLES ONLINE BAR REVIEW
www.chanroblesbar.com
SELLING THIS MATERIAL IS ABSOLUTELY PROHIBITED


   

 Is COMMINGLING or MIXED MEMBERSHIP


MEMBERSHIP of supervisors and rank-and-file union in one union
allowed? Is it a ground to cancel its registration?
                
              
                     
             

  a 
                   
   

  s
  e


  l
     

  b
 

  o
   R        a 
          

  n
  a    s
       

     e
  

  l 
  b 
        

   R   o
          
         

  n
    

  a 
  
    


  h
 

  C
  
  

  Are managerial employees allowed unionize?


      
  
  
      
              
  
  Are confidential employees
employees allowed to join, form or assist a labor organization?
organization?
     

  a 
        

   B
        

  s
           

  e
                

  l
              

  b


  o
                  

   R 
                

  n    B

  a    s
  e
  h
   

What is the doctrine of necessary implication?


  C   l
  b
  o

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ChanRobles Internet Bar Review : ChanRobles Professional Review, Inc.


UPDATED  LAST-MINUTE PRE-WEEK NOTES ON LABOR LAW FOR THE 2018 BAR EXAMS
Prof. Joselito Guianan Chan
CHAN ROBLES ONLINE BAR REVIEW
www.chanroblesbar.com
SELLING THIS MATERIAL IS ABSOLUTELY PROHIBITED

   
          


    


  

   a 
What is the relationship of the union and its members?

  s
  e               

  l
  

  b
  o
   R 
 What is the relationship of the labor union and federation?

  a 
  n
  a 
              

  s
    

  l  e 
  b     
  o
   R 

     

  n
  
  a            
  h
     
                  

  C  
    

  “affiliate”  
  
            
     
           
         
       
             
                 
 “affiliate”  
           
               

  a 
             

   B
   

  s
              

                 e
                  

  l
  
  b
  o 
                 

   R 
                  

  n
                 
   B

  a    s
  e
  h
    
      
   
  C
      l
  b
  o
    
         
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ChanRobles Internet Bar Review : ChanRobles Professional Review, Inc.


UPDATED  LAST-MINUTE PRE-WEEK NOTES ON LABOR LAW FOR THE 2018 BAR EXAMS
Prof. Joselito Guianan Chan
CHAN ROBLES ONLINE BAR REVIEW
www.chanroblesbar.com
SELLING THIS MATERIAL IS ABSOLUTELY PROHIBITED

                 
         
        
             
                 
                
                
                 

  a 
        
    

  s
 

          

  e
    
       

  l
  b
                
             

  o
                 

   R    a 
               
            


  n
  a 
              

  s
  e
             

  l
      

  b
                 
   

  o
               

   R 
    

  n
 
         

  a 
  h


  
  C
          
             
                
                  
  
         

             
              “no strike, no lockout” 
               
     

  a 
   B
                
               
          
  s
  e
       

  l
                  

  b
     

  o
     
           
                

   R 
              
   B
  n
              

  a 
              
  s
  h   e
                

  l
  C
    

  b

  o
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ChanRobles Internet Bar Review : ChanRobles Professional Review, Inc.


UPDATED  LAST-MINUTE PRE-WEEK NOTES ON LABOR LAW FOR THE 2018 BAR EXAMS
Prof. Joselito Guianan Chan
CHAN ROBLES ONLINE BAR REVIEW
www.chanroblesbar.com
SELLING THIS MATERIAL IS ABSOLUTELY PROHIBITED


    
    

 What are the four tests to determine appropriate bargaining unit?


              
    
       

   a 
      
    

  s
   

  e
  l
      

  b              

  o
               

   R       a 


                 

  n
       

  a       e  s



         
          

  l
          

  b
               

   o
              

   R 
          


  n
                

  a 
                  
                  

  h
   
       
     

  C
              
             
                  
 
 
 San Miguel Corporation v. Laguesma,         
             
              
              
         meager number of sales personnel in each of the
Magnolia sales office in Northern LuzonLuzon         
              
                 

    a 


   ‘there is strength in number’         

   B
 San Miguel Corporation Supervisors and Exempt Employees Union v. Laguesma,
  s
  e
                 

     


         l
                

  b
   


  o
                

   R 
              

  n
              
   B
  a    s
     
      University of the Philippines v. Ferrer-Calleja     
  h

  e
  l
               

  C   b
                

  o
         
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