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AGRICULTURAL CROP

PRODUCTION NC III

Module No:20A: Following Site


Quarantine Procedures

Learner,s Manual

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TABLE OF CONTENTS
Page

Introduction 1
How to use this Module 2
Expected Outcome 3
Pre Assessment 3
Lesson 1: Prepare to Work in Quarantine Site 6

Definition of Technical Terms 6


Lesson information 1.0 7
Self Check 1.0 18
Activity 1.0 19
Lesson 2: Work in Quarantine Site 21
Definition of Technical Terms 21
Lesson information 2.0 22
Self Check 2.0 39
Lesson 3: Assist in Maintaining Site Quarantine 40

Definition of Technical Terms 40


Leson Information 3.0 41
Self Check-3.0 46
Activity 3.0 47
Lesson 4.0 Respond to Site Quarantine Breach 48
or Problems
Definition of Technical Terms 48
Lesson Information 4.0 49
Self Check-4.0 57
Post Assessment 58
Generalization 61
References 61
Aknowledgement 63

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INTRODUCTION

Welcome to the course of Agricultural Crop Production.

This Module covers the knowledge, skills, and attitude in Following


Site Quarantine Procedures in accordance to industry standard
which leads you to National Certificate Level(NC III).

You need to complete and pass the self-check of this module


before you can perform higher level of competencies. Practices in this
module will help you prepare, work in quarantine site and assist in
maintaining procedures and respond to site quarantine breach or
problems. Desirable values and attitude must also be taken into
consideration.

This module consists of four (4) learning outcomes. Each


learning outcome contains learning activities for both knowledge and
skills, supported with lesson information, activities, and self-checks,
gathered from different sources. Before you perform the exercises,
read the lesson information and activity page that follows. Then
answer the self-check for confirmation that you are equipped with the
knowledge necessary to perform the skills of the particular learning
outcome.

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How Do You Use This Module?

To get the most from this Module, you need to do the following:

1. This Module contains several Lessons.

2. Begin by reading and understanding the Learning Outcome/s.


These would tell you what you should know and be able to do at
the end of this Module.

3. Find out what you already know by taking the Pre Assessment
then check your score. If you get 99 to 100% of the items correctly,
you may proceed to the next module. This means that you need
not go through the Lessons because you already know what it is
about. If you failed to get 99 to 100% correctly, go through the
Lessons and review especially those items which you failed to get.

4. Do the required Learning Activities. They begin with one or


more Information. The Lesson Information contains important
notes or basic information that you need to know.

After reading the Lesson Information, test yourself on how


much you learned by means of the Self-Check. Do not hesitate to
go back to the Lesson Information when you do not get all test
items correctly. This will ensure your mastery of basic information.

5. It is not enough that you acquire content or information. You


must be able to demonstrate what you learned by doing what the
Activity directs you to do. In other words, you must be able to
apply what you have learned in real life.

6. How well did you perform? Accomplish the Scoring Rubrics.

Each Lesson also provides you with references and definition of


technical terms for your guide. They can be of great help. Use them
full

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EXPECTED OUTCOMES:

At the end of this Lesson, you should be able to:

LO1. Prepare to work in quarantine site;


LO2. Work in quarantine site.
LO3. Assist in maintaining site quarantine procedures.
LO4. Respond to site quarantine breach or problems

Pre Assessment

What Do You Already Know?

Let us determine how much you already know about following


site quarantine procedures. Take this test.

A. Read and analyze the statement carefully. Choose the best


answer and write the letter only in your answer sheet.

1. The use of separate and restrict the movement of plants and


animals mor persons.
a. quarantine
b. contaminants
c. infection
d. control method

2. Refers to place where people, plants, animals and things are


isolated and treated out of a certain area to prevent the
spread of diseases or pests.
a. decontaminants
b. quarantine site
c. infestation
d. restriction

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3. This refers to biotic and abiotic byproducts of farming
practices that result in contamination or degradation of the
environment and surrounding ecosystem.
a. Parasitic reaction
b. Environmental hazard.
c. Agricultural pollution
d. animal pollution
4. The process which involves the elimination of most
pathogenic microorganism or inanimate objects.
a. quarantine
b. desinfiction
c. breach
d. control
5. A substance that is where it shoudn’tbe and is at high
enough levels to have a negative effect on our health or in
plants and animals.
a. pesticides
b. herbecides
c. contaminants
d. solid waste
6. Important means of hindering the development of parasites
or destroying them properly EXCEPT:
a. mechanical
b. physical
c. manual
d.chemical
7. Products that are used to control parasites that attack flies,
ticks, mites and fleas;
a. pesticides
b. byllucides
c. rodenticides
d. external parasiticides
8. Proper handling and storage of plantstock medication can
best protect from ____?
a. propagation
b. growing
c. germinating
d. contamination
9. Keeping your storage areas organized can reduce the
potential for ____?
a. damage
b. contaminants
c. control
d. error

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10. Refers to time weighted concentration for an 8 hour
workday and a total of 48 hours a week of exposure to
contamination;
a. economic threshold level
b. threshold limit values
c. threshold level
d. none of the above

B. Match Column A with B, then write the letter of your answer


on your answer sheet.

______1. Seiri,Sorting out A. An act describing solid


waste management

______2. Reduce, reuse and B. A process of


recycle remanufacturing a
product to be sold as new
______3. Republic Act 8749 C. Clean Air Act of 1999
______4. Recycling D. Remove unnecessary
items as appropriate
______5. Seiketsu,Sanitizing E. Three R’s in quarantine
site
______6. Presidential F. Refers to methods by
Decree 112 which LGU,s reduced a
significant amount of
solid waste management
______7. Material Safety G. Environmental
Data Sheet cleanliness
______8. Republic Actn9275 H. Phil.clean air act of 2004
______9. Republic Act 9003 I. A document contains
information on the
potential hazards( health
,fire, reactivity and
environmental
______10. Source reduction J. Philippine environmental
code

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Lesson 1: Prepare to work in
quarantine site.

 Decontaminate personal and/or work vehicles before entering


the quarantine site.
 Report contact with potential contaminants according to
enterprise requirements.
 Wash hands before handling livestock,feed plant stock or other
products.
 Put on appropriate clothing and footwear before commencing
work.
 Secure store street clothing away from livestock, feed or other
agricultural produce.

Definition of Technical Terms

Quarantine – a term used to separate and restrict the movement of


plants, animals or persons.
Quarantine site- refers to place where people, plants , animals
and things are isolated and treated out of a certain area to prevent
the spread of diseases or pests.
Biosecurity- a set of preventive measures designed to reduce the risk
of transmission of infectious diseases in crops and livestock,
quarantined pests.
Pathologists- – an specialist who study the significant component of
the causal study of disease and a major field of modern medicine
and diagnosis.
Cultivars- is a plant or grouping of plantsselected for desirable
characteristics that can be maintained by propagation.
Inceneration - is a waste treatment process that involves the
combustion of organic substances contained in waste materials.

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What Do You Need To Know?

Read Lesson Information 1.0.very well then find out how much
you can remember and how much you learned by doing Self-
Check 1.0.

Lesson Information 1.0-


1321131

Decontamination of Quarantine Site

A quarantine is used to separate and restrict the movement of


plants, animals or persons. Itsa 'state of enforced isolation'. Primarily,
this is an enforced isolation or restriction of free movement imposed
to prevent the spread of a contagious disease.This is oftenused in
connection to disease and illness, such as those who may possibly
have been exposed to infestation to plants or a communicable disease
to animals or persons.To ensure quarantine site free from entry
and/or possible entry of decontaminants, decontamination is
necessary.

Decontamination

The need for decontamination should be minimized to the extent


possible by contamination avoidance and early warning. Equipment
can be covered, for example, or easily decontaminated equipment can
be chosen by means of suitable design and resistant surface cover.
Decontamination is time consuming and requires resources. Nerve
agents and substances causing injury to the skin and tissue are easily
soluble in, and penetrate many different types of material, such as
paint, plastics and rubber, all of which renders decontamination more
difficult.

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Quarantine Site

Quarantine site refers to place where people, plants , animals


and things are isolated and treated out of a certain area to prevent
the spread of disease or pests.

Agricultural Crop Quarantine

Steps to self-quarantine your farm site:


 Suspect or identified infestation or disease on farm or in the
area
 Follow Self-Quarantine Checklist
 Close & lock farm gates to restrict any traffic coming on or
going off the farm site.
 Suspend unnecessary movement of vehicles and equipment on
farm
 Absolutely NO VISITORS
 Deliveries likeseeds or seedlings or product pick-up/shipping
would only be by pre-arranged appointment and only if
absolutely necessary. Request “end-of–day” service
 Vehicles coming on farm are to be sanitized prior to entry and
upon exit from the farm site. A disinfection station will need to
be in place at end of laneway for this purpose.
 Keep the entry doors closed and locked on infected
nurseries/buildings.
 Inform neighbors,. When the disease is in nursery or farm
section, restrict staff movements where a staff member is
dedicated to the affected farm section.
 Provide representative plants for testing/sampling or autopsies
of any infestation by plant pathologists lab services.
 Inform staff and family of situation and emphasize need for
enhanced biosecurity to limit infestation or disease spread.
 Off farm activities need to be restricted or suspended until the
infestation or disease emergency is over (meetings, social
events, family visits, etc.)
 Follow strict biosecurity protocols with clothing changes and
personal hygiene when entering or leaving the farmsite
 Postpone, shipments, etc. where possible until emergency is
over

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 Postpone any movement of plants on the farm and any new
variety or cultivars.
 Infected plant must be handled as infected material and
disposed of properly preferably on-farm with composting,
incineration or burying if allowed by regulators.and sampling.

Examples of a quarantine site:

a. Isolation Area

It is very important that infested , contaminated or disease


plants are isolated or placed in the area where intensive management
are practiced and done. Here, treatment to this plants could assure
control and prevent the spread of infestation or diseases from its
contamination.

b. Sickbay

Infested plants has its own place where intensive culture and
proper management are easily practiced, Green houses with
controlled temperature could do with this as sickbay of infested or
disease plants.

Procedure in Assessing, Planning &Setting up of Quarantine Site:

1. .Determine decontamination facilities and activities required by


assessing the impact of decontamination
2. After assessing, a plan should include;
a. Decontamination site type – temporary, permanent facility
(e.g. at waste depot), commercial facility (e.g. truck wash)
b. Level of decontamination required
3. Setting – up of a quarantine area/site will follow after planning has
been done.

Preparation/Procedures of Decontamination:

The purpose of decontamination is to make an individual


and/or their equipment safe by physically removing toxic substances
quickly and easily.

Step 1: Set Up the Decontamination and Support Areas


Step 2: Conduct Decontamination Triage
Step 3: Decontaminate the infected plants.

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Step 4: Segregate infested stocks for Observation or Treatment
Step 5: Release the plants to Cold Weather Considerations

Decontaminating personal/work vehicle entering the site


 Position vehicle/equipment safely and ensure stability with
chock wheels, brake applied
 Remove excessive gross material – ideally done away from
decontamination area andwhere material can be left or collected
for disposal. Use dry cleaning methods before wetwhere
possible.
 Detach removable items/parts and decontaminate individually
Decontamination – external surfaces
 Start at top and work down
 Vehicles or equipment with moving parts like wheels, tracks,
tipper tray, and bucket willneed to have these moved during
decontamination to access all areas.
 Wet – Apply disinfectant/detergent and leave for appropriate
contact time,minutes. Rinse with clean water
 Other techniques like heat, fumigation for tools, equipment and
otherthings–ensureexposure requirements are met as required
by disease/pest guidelines.
Decontamination – internal
 Internal surfaces of vehicles will only require decontamination if
they have been exposed topotential contamination while on site.
 Protective covers on internal surfaces like seat covers should be
removed anddisposed/cleaned.
 Remove solid materials with a vacuum, cloth or brush
 Air filters should be removed and replaced or cleaned. Surfaces
can be wiped or sprayed with 70% alcohol or another
appropriate disinfectant.
 If heat is an effective decontaminate, seal internal
compartments and monitor that theyhave reached the required
temperature and duration.

Decontaminating Self and Individual Equipment Using Chemical


Decontaminating Kits

Decontaminate yourself and your individual equipment using


chemical decontaminating kits. Start the steps to decontaminate your
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skin and eyes within 1 minute after you found they were
contaminated. Decontaminate all exposed skin and your eyes as
necessary before chemical agent symptoms occur. Decontaminate all
personal equipment for liquid contamination after decontaminating
your skin, face, and eyes.

DANGER: Death or injury may result if you breathe toxic agents


while decontaminating your face. If you need to breathe before you
finish, reseal your mask, clear it, check it, get your breath, and then
resume the decontaminating procedure.

Keep the decontaminating powder out of your eyes, cuts, and


wounds. Do not handle or hold leaking packets above your head,
touch or rub your eyes with anything that has been in contact with
the decontaminating powder, or touch your lips or the inside of your
mouth with anything that has been in contactwith the
decontaminating powder,

CAUTION: Immediate decontaminating techniques remove only the


liquid hazard. Certain items may still present a vapor hazard. See
your supervisor for unmasking procedures.

Potential Contaminants

Potential contaminants pertains to sources that carry or entry-


point of contamination. To avoid possible contamination or further
damage to enterprise, it is a must that a worker should report
incidence of possible contact with contaminants for an appropriate
control measures. The following are potential contaminants that a
worker must know when doing his tasks.

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a. Agricultural pollution

Agricultural pollution refers


to biotic and abiotic byprodu
cts of farming practices that
result in contamination or
degradation of the
environment and
surrounding ecosystems,
and/or cause injury to
humans and their economic
interests. The pollution may
come from a variety of
sources, ranging from point
source pollution (from a
single discharge point) to
more diffuse, landscape-level
causes, also known as non-
point source pollution.

Management practices play a


crucial role in the amount and impact of these pollutants.
Management techniques range from plant and animal management
and housing to the spread of pesticides and fertilizers in global
agricultural practices.

b. Contaminants from Farm Equipment

Various types of farm equipment and


machinery may come into contact with
soil, seed and/or crop debris from a
clubroot-infested field and therefore
become contaminated, e.g.

Tillage equipment (cultivators, discers, rippers,


harrows)

- Fertilizer and pesticide applicators


- Seeders (air seeders, drills,
discers)
- Tractors, grain trucks, pickups,
cars and ATVs
- Swathers and combines
- Grain handling equipment

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(augers, dryers)
- Forage harvesting equipment
- Miscellaneous equipment used for soil sampling, trenching,
clearing brush, etc.

c. Contaminants from pests and diseases

Pests refers to insects and vertebrates (rats, dogs, & etc.) that may
carry contaminants when not controlled. Some insect species
carries pathogens (microorganisms) that may cause contamination
to the area.

Diseases are pathogenic fungi, virus, bacteria, viroids and other


microorganisms which are air-borne, soil-
borne and water-borne. If not controlled
immediately because of rapid infection
when contacted to plants, objects, etc.
this might cause huge damage not only to
the enterprise but to human effort also.

Various procedures and equipment used


in a nursery can decrease or increase the
chances of a disease outbreak For
example in a containerized production
nursery using bark media, where does the
employee put tools used to handle it when
not in use? If placed on the ground, they
may become contaminated with pathogen-
infected soil. If they are left on bark pile or in a clean bucket, they
are much less likely to become contaminated. Even these small
details are important.

d. Environmental Contaminants

Environmental contaminants- are chemicals that are present in


the environment in which the food is grown, harvested,
transported, stored, packaged, processed, and consumed. The
physical contact of the food with its environment results in its
contamination.
Possible sources of contamination include:

 Air: radionuclides, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons)


 Water: arsenic, mercury

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 Soil: cadmium, nitrates, perchlorates
 Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCB), dioxins,
and polybrominateddiphenyl ethers (PBDE) are ubiquitous
chemicals.
 Packaging materials: antimony, tin, lead, perfluorooctanoic
acid (PFOA), semicarbazide, benzophenone, isopropyl
thioxanthone(ITX), bisphenol A
 Processing/cooking equipment: copper, or other metal chips,
lubricants, cleaning, and sanitizing agents
 Naturallyoccurring
toxins: mycotoxins, phytohaemagglutinin, pyrrolizidine
alkaloids, grayanotoxin, mushroom toxins.

e. Contaminants from clothing and footwear

If clothing and footwear are not changed or cleaned before passing


through the vegetable operation or leaving the beef housing areas,
cross-contamination could occur.

Clothing and footwear worn by visitors to the farm might also carry
unknown pathogens.

The chemical risk to clothing and footwear may occur when


workers applying chemicals such as pesticides pick up residues on
their clothing and then handle ready-to-eat products. Clothing
worn by visitors to the farm might also carry unknown residues. If
people wearing these clothes, handle food, cross – contamination
may occur. This could push residue levels over the allowed limits.

Observance of Appropriate Clothing and Footwear before


Commencing to Work:

 A major purpose of Personal Protective Clothing/ Equipment is


to protect the Bio-Security of thefacility.
 A second major purpose of PPE is to protectthe whole farm
plants and animals
 And a third important reason for wearing
 PPE is, of course, to protect the wearer.

In addition to the disposable gowns, lab coats, headcovers, and other


apparel, there are a number ofother items that are routinely used in
farmfacility.

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When standard operating procedures arefollowed, and individuals
exercise reasonablecaution by maintaining good work
habits,especially hand washing, the vast majority oftransmissible
health problems are kept to aminimum.

Expert Tips for Keeping Clean thus preventing contaminants


from shoes
The easiest way to ensure that you don't
track the germs on your shoe soles into
your home is to leave your shoes at the
door or carry them to the closet. Then you
should wash your hands.

Washing shoes in the washing machine


on the cold cycle, with detergent, killed
the bacteria. So for some shoes that
might be an option. You can also wipe
them with a disinfectant.

Importance of Hand washing:

Before anything else, worker is the very first responsible of


ensuring contaminant-free working area. It is a must-do activity
that before doing an activity, washing of hand is the very first step.

How to Wash Your Hands

Keeping hands clean through


improved hand hygiene is one
of the most important steps
we can take to avoid getting
sick and spreading germs to
others. Many diseases and
conditions are spread by not
washing hands with soap and
clean, running water. If clean,
running water is not
accessible, as is common in
many parts of the world, use
soap and available water. If
soap and water are
unavailable, use an alcohol-
based hand sanitizer that

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contains at least 60% alcohol to clean hands.

When should you wash your hands?

 Before and after doing farm activities (preparing growing media,


applying fertilizers/pesticides, watering, harvesting & etc.
 Before and after cleaning tools, equipment and facilities
 After disposing waste materials
 After storing materials such as fertilizers, chemical pesticides,
etc.
 After doing personal hygiene such as use of toilets, blowing of
nose, sneezing, and coughing
 After touching an animal, animal feed, or animal waste

Tips for proper hand washing:

 Wet your hands with clean, running water (warm or cold),


turn off the tap, and apply
soap.
 Lather your hands by
rubbing them together
with the soap. Be sure to
lather the backs of your

hands, between your


fingers, and under your
nails.
 Scrub your hands for at
least 20 seconds.
 Rinse your hands well
under clean, running
water.
 Dry your hands using a clean towel or air dry them.

Cleaning, Maintenance, Storage, and Disposal of Personal


Protective Equipment

 Cleaning and maintenance instructions


from the PPE manufacturer must be
followed for reusable PPE. Never reuse any
type of disposable (one-time use) PPE
equipment, because you can be exposed to

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residues remaining on the PPE from the previous use, or to
product moving through damaged or deteriorated PPE during
reuse.
 Remove PPE as soon as you complete the tasks where you were
exposed to the pesticide. Wash disposable OR reusable gloves with
soap and water, and then remove other PPE while still wearing the
gloves. Then wash the gloves again with soap and water before
removing them. Clean reusable PPE according to the PPE
instructions
 Wash regular work clothes that have been exposed to pesticides as
soon as possible to ensure maximum pesticide residue removal.
Wash them separately from other laundry using detergent and hot
water.

 Storage instructions from the PPE manufacturer


must be followed for both reusable and
disposable PPE. Most PPE must be protected
from chemicals, sunlight, extreme temperatures,
excessive humidity, and moisture, or the
specified shelf-life will be reduced. Disposable,
reusable, or limited-use PPE must be discarded if
not stored properly.

 Disposal is the critical last step in handling PPE. Ensure that you
remove and discard PPE without causing
contamination to yourself, garbage collectors, or the
environment. PPE may have an expiration date, while
other PPE requires careful inspection .
Clean disposable, washable items with soap and
water prior to disposal, to remove pesticide residues.
Properly cleaned PPE can be disposed as regular
garbage.
 Keep PPE in its sealed package until use, and never
store PPE with pesticides or personal clothing.

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OSHA Caution Safety Sign: Quarantine Area

Choose your safety signs and safety labels


from custom or stock. No minimum
quantities are required, no set-up fees and
most importantly no additional charge for
colors or logos.

Once you find the safety sign or safety label


that delivers the information or warning
message you need to deliver your stock
within 24 hours.

If you have questions, ask


your teacher for assistance.

How much did you


learn?
Self-Check 1.0

A.Read and analyze the statement carefully. Choose the


CORRECT answer and write the letter only in your answer
sheet.

1. The use of separate and restrict the movement of plants and


animals mor persons.
a) quarantine
b) contaminants
c) infection
d) control method

2. Refers to place where people, plants, animals and things are


isolated and treated out of a certain area to prevent the spread
of diseases or pests.
a) Decontaminants
b) quarantine site
c) infestation
d) restriction

18
3. This refers to biotic and abiotic byproducts of farming
practices that result in contamination or degradation of the
environment and surrounding ecosystem.
a) Parasitic reaction
b) Environmental hazard.
c) Agricultural pollution
d) animal pollution

4.The process which involves the elimination of most pathogenic


microorganism or inanimate objects.
a. quarantine
b. desinfiction
c. breach
d. control

5. A substance that is where it shoudn’t be and is at high


enough levels to have a negative effect on our health or in
plants and animals.
a. pesticides
b. herbecides
c. contaminants
d. solid waste

Activity1.0

DECONTAMINATION OF HAND TRACTOR

Materials/Supplies

 Decontaminating powder
 Detergent soap
 Water in pail
 Water hose
 Small pail

Tools/Equipment
a. Power sprayer
b. Hand tractor
c. Water drum

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Procedure:
a. Position the Hand tractor for decontamination.
b. Prepare the appropriate PPE ,tools and equipment.
c. Perform decontamination of hand trator

Scoring Rubrics
While performing the activity, it is important that you to assess
your performance following the criteria below:

Score
Criteria
20 15 10 5
Conduct decontamination of farm
tractor
Used appropriate tools/supplies
Used appropriate PPE

Interpretation of Scores:
16 – 20 – Excellent output
11 – 15 – Very good
6 – 10 – Fair output
5 and below – Poor output

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Lesson 2: Work in Quarantine Site

 Handle chemicals for disinfectionsand/or administering


medications to plantstock according to workplace requirements.
 Store chemeicals for disinfection and/or medications of
plantstock according to workplace requirements.
 Keep separately the different mixes, soil and/or growing media
and/ or other products according to quarantine procedures
 Mark appropriate the different feed mixes, soils and/or growing
media and/or other products according to quarantine
procedures
 Identify and report any cases of pests and disesases incidence
to supervisor.
 Identify and report any breaches of quarantine procedures to
supervisor.
 Identify any OSHS hazards according to enterprise policy and
OSHS legislation and code.
 Take appropriate actions to any OSHS hazards according to
enterprise policy and OSHS legislation and code.
 Dispose all waste products according to SOP.
 Record Information relating to work in quarantine site required
in the SOP.
 Dispose all deceased livestock,unwanted biological material or
damaged or damaged/infected plantstocks according to SOP.
 Record information relating to work in quarantine site as
required in the SOP.

Definition of Technical Terms

Occupational Safety and Health Standard (OSHS) - is an area


concerned with the safety, health and welfare of people engaged
in work or employment.

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Biological matter - a biomaterial is any combination of synthetic
and natural substances (other than drugs) that can be used in the
treatment or replacement of any tissue organ or function of the body.
Tissue samples- is any material from your body: it includes blood,
urine, sputum and solid tissue (bone, muscle etc).
Disinfestations- destruction of insects, rodents, or other animal
forms present on the person or his clothes or in his surroundings,
and which may transmit disease.
Ectoparasiticides- is an antiparasitic drug used in the treatment of
ectoparasitic infestations. These drugs are used to kill the parasites
that live on the body surface.

What Do You Need To Know?

Read Lesson Information 2.0 very well then find out how much
you can remember and how much you learned by doing Self-
Check 2.0.

Lesson Information 2.0

Work in Quarantine Site

Handle chemicals for disinfestations and / or administering


medications to plantstock according workplace requirements.

Mechanical or physical means of hindering the development of


PARASITES or destroying them are probably as important as chemical
means. It applies particularly to external parasites ( but is sometimes
used also in connection with intestinal parasites). Cleaning the yards
of all refuse, removing litter and droppings frequently, and
constructing the houses so as to prevent the harboring of ticks, lice,
fleas, and mites are examples of mechanical methods

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What is an external parasiticide or an ectoparasiticide?

External parasiticides (antiparasitics) are products used to


control parasites that attack: flies, ticks, mites, fleas, etc. They are
also called ectoparasiticides because external parasites are also
known as ectoparasites. As a general rule, parasiticides for external
use (. dipping,spraying, pour-ons, spot-ons.)

A curious practice is to use two different names for exactly the


client, one for its use in agricultural products, the other one for its
use in veterinary products, e.g. diazinon (agricultural use)
= dimpylate(veterinary use); or trichlorfon (agricultural use)
= metrifonate (veterinary use)

Store Chemicals for disinfestation according to workplace


requirements.

A. Choose suitable storage facilities

Proper handling and storage of plantstock medications can


protect plantstock from contamination. Using proper storage
facilities not only ensures medications remain effective – it also
helps reduce potential errors in products and treatment. The ideal
location for a storage unit is a clean, dry, frost-free area, such as a
farm office or utility room. Animal health products should also be
protected from changes in temperature, sunlight, dust, moisture,
animals and insects.

Correct storage has a substantial impact in stability and thus in


shelf life. Shelf life claims in product labels are always based on
certain assumed standard conditions, typically "store away from
excessive heat (e.g. 104 °F = 40°C)", or "store product at or below
77°F (25°C)", or "protect from light", etc.

B. Light sensitivity

Sunlight is a source of energy (not only because it heats) that can


boost chemical reactions inside any mixture of chemicals such as
many veterinary drugs. Some active ingredients and/or chemical
mixtures can become unstable when exposed to excess sunlight. If a
product label includes the warning "protect from light" you should take

23
it seriously, i.e. do not store it exposed to sunlight. A few minutes or a
few hours won't harm, but keeping it for weeks exposed to sun can
certainly spoil it.

Some products decompose when exposed to light. Manufacturers


package these products in light-resistant containers. Continue to
protect these products by storing them in light resistant areas.

C. Safety/Security

Always lock storage units to prevent access by children and to


prevent theft

Occupational Health and Safety Standard

Occupational Health and Safety OHS is a cross disciplinary area


concerned with protecting the safety, health and welfare of people
engaged in work or employment. Knowing OHS is essential to
minimize the hazards and risk not only to students, trainers and
other people within the training institution but others who will be
affected.

In the OSHS manual, two of the rules in Rule 1070: Occupational


Health and Environmental Control, Rules 1072 – 1073 discusses
about the “Threshold Limit Values for Airborne Contaminants” which
should be follow when working in a quarantine site. (see attachment
below)

24
25
26
5S Housekeeping Is Fundamental

Working in a quarantine site is a critical job, this not just mean


ensuring a contaminant free area but understanding the principles of
it. One of the practices that will ensure success of an enterprise is the
5S. The fundamentals of 5S are the following:

 5S Housekeeping is fundamental for enhancing the value for


the customer
 5S Housekeeping is the foundation for all the organizational
systems/processes
which, in turn, enhance value to customers
 Systematic approach to good housekeeping
 People oriented approach: every individual can contribute to
improve his workplace
 Practice oriented approach: cleaner, better, effective and safer
workplace
 5S stands for the five good housekeeping principles

Vision

 To keep both one’s external and internal house in order, develop


a sensitivity for one’s surroundings and a concern for the
environment at large
 A systematic and rational approach to workplace organization
and methodical housekeeping with a sense of purpose

Advantages

 Workplace becomes cleaner and better organized.


 Shop floor and office operations become easier and safer.
 Results are visible to everyone- insiders and outsiders.
Problems detected fast.
 Visibility gives rise to further improvements. Increased number
of suggestions.
 People are disciplined.
 It instills pride among people.

27
 Happier employees with high morale and greater employee
involvement.
 Better use of floor space.
 Less work in progress and inventories. Less time in material
handling.
 Retrieval time minimized. Better flow of work. More time for
improvement activities.
 Low machine breakdown rate. Low down time. Better preventive
maintenance.
 Low accident rate.
 High yield of materials.
 High and consistent product quality. Low overall cost.
 Company image enhances and generates more business.

Elements of 5S

5S comprises 5 simple steps:

1. Seiri: Sorting out. Remove unnecessary items as appropriate


2. Seiton: Systematic arrangement. Prefix a place for every thing
and put every thing in place
3. Seiso: Spic and span. Cleaning not for beautification alone but
with a sense of purpose.
4. Seiketsu: Serene atmosphere/sanitizing. Environmental
cleanliness.
Standardization. Develop standards/evaluation criteria.
5. Shitsuke: Self discipline/training. Create awareness of all
4Ss and train to implement.

Steps to Implement the 5 Elements of 5S

Seiri

•Classification- sort out


•Elimination- remove unnecessary items as appropriate
•Storage- frequent use/rare use items

28
- close location/distant location
- identification of items
•Fix responsibilities and share responsibilities
•Monitor progress

Rough Criteria for Seiri

•Not used for a year- Check and throw


•Used only once in last 6 to 12 months- Store at a distance
•Used only once in last 1 to 6 months- Store at a central place in the
work area
•Used weekly/hourly/daily- Store near work site

Seiri: Obstacles

•Seiri is not as easy to practice as it seems


•It is wasteful to throw things away
•We might possibly use them later

Seiton

•Ensure rational layout of machines, equipment, cabinets


•Place frequently used items at the point of use
•Prefix a place for every thing and put every thing in place
•Use labels, color codes to identify
•Use index for files, records and drawings
•Plan storage with easy irretrievability
•Mixed up items in cabinets should be organized
•Make cabinets, shelves, racks self explanatory through identification
aids
•Have visual controls for checking missing items

Seiso

•Develop standards of cleaning


•Clean up work place, machines and tools after use
•Clean up supply line (no leakage, blockage, clogging with oil/dirt
•Assign responsibilities and schedules for cleaning
•Clean waste bins at end of shift/day
29
•Clean light bulbs, fans, shades, reflectors
•Pay special attention to scrap yard, gardens, godowns
•Scrap and chips from machines could fall directly in to collecting
bins

Seiketsu

•Identify 5 S areas
•Develop standards/evaluation criteria with workmen (SOP’s and
housekeeping standards)
•Establish checking procedure 5W + 1H
•Establish feedback procedure 5W + 1H
•Wear neat and clean uniform
•Wear protective clothing
•Provide adequate lighting, ventilation, exhaust
•Check electrical wiring, cables, switches
•Maintain sanitary/hygienic conditions in wash rooms, locker rooms,
canteen and kitchen
•Earmark smoking and eating areas
•Look for heavy noise, vibrations and heat in machines, analyze for
root cause and take action
•Create visual control systems
•Devise ways to expose hidden problems
•Create standards

Shitsuke

•Create awareness of first 4 S’s


•Develop action details for maintaining standards
•Make them easily understandable
•Give specific directions
•Display correct work procedure on the floor
•Correct deviations on the spot
•Maintain punctuality
•Conduct audits
•Demonstrate sincerity in following rules
•Share success to enthuse others

30
Consequences of Not Practicing 5S

Seiri

•The unwanted clutters up the place and the wanted is hard to find
•More time spent for searching things
•More space required
•We can’t bring in new things in the same place
•Causes mis-identification and rejected parts are moved to work
station

Seiton

•Things are seldom available when needed. More time spent for
locating misplaced things
•Defective and good items/similar looking items get mixed up
•Items are lost
•Prone to accidents
•Loss of production
•Excess inventory
•Pressure for more space

Seiso

•Dust and dirt will affect the machine performance


•Cleaning reveals hidden problems which may get overlooked
otherwise
•Dust and dirt affect performance and aesthetic quality
•Unpleasant work place

Five Levels of 5 S Housekeeping

•Housekeeping of one’s inner self


•Following the 5 S principles and reducing waste
•Extending the 5 S concept to include ergonomics
•Extending the 5 S concept to include aesthetics
•Maintaining records and educating others

31
Stages of 5S Housekeeping

Stage 1: Floor is full of unwanted material


Stage 2: Clutter found by the walls
Stage 3: Factory/office is clean but tools, papers, files and materials
dis-organized
Stage 4: Storage area/offices are clean and furniture, documents,
material organized
Stage 5: Factory/office is immaculate

Principles of 3Rs:

To minimize waste as possible source of contaminants if not fully


controlled, application of 3Rs is very important in a quarantine site.

Reduce

Reducing is the best way to manage waste, less usage of disposable


goods means less waste to produce. In decontaminating activity, it is
much more of advantage if materials used are durables that can be
decontaminated through washing and sterilization.

Reuse

The second R is for reuse. Although in a quarantine site, it is very


critical to re-use some materials, but this can be applied in some
aspectbut still will udergo serious cleaning/decontamination process
e.g bottles/containers/polypropylene plastics for storage purposes.

Recycle

The final, and probably the best known, R stands for


recycling. Recycling is the process of remanufacturing a product to be
sold as new.

32
Material Safety Data Sheet
A Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) is a document that contains
information on the potential hazards (health, fire, reactivity and
environmental) and how to work safely with the chemical product.

33
ENVIRONMENTAL RULES AND REGULATIONS

Clean Air act of the Philippines

The country has several environmental laws in existence,


consistent with the Constitutional principle of providing every Filipino
the right to a balanced and healthful ecology. These include laws on
forestry, land management, mining, solid waste management, clean
water, and clean air.

Republic Act 8749, or the Clean Air Act of 1999, goes


beyond “making the polluter pay.” It focuses primarily on pollution
prevention rather than on control by encouraging cooperation and
self-regulation among citizens and industries. It also enforces a
system of accountability for adverse environmental impacts to
heighten compliance to government environmental regulations

The country’s geographical location and its being an archipelago


keeps the country’s air generally “clean” as ocean winds keep
pollution at bay, but not in highly-urbanized areas where air pollution
is largely caused by vehicular and industry emissions.

Ecological Solid Waste Management Act of 2000

RA 9003 describes solid waste management as a discipline


associated with the control of generation, storage, collection, transfer
and transport, processing, and disposal of solid wastes. The manner
by which these activities are conducted shall be in accord with the
best principles of public health, economics, engineering, conservation,
aesthetics, other environmental considerations, and public attitudes.
The Act provides for a comprehensive ecological solid waste
management program by creating the necessary institutional
mechanisms and incentives, appropriating funds, declaring certain
acts prohibited, and providing penalties.

Comprehensive Solid Waste Management

Waste Characterization and Segregation. The solid waste


generated within the area of jurisdiction shall be characterized for

34
initial source reduction and recycling element of the local waste
management plan. A separate container is required for each type of
waste for on-site collection properly marked as “compostable”, “non-
recyclable”, “recyclable” or “special waste”. Waste segregation shall
primarily be conducted at the source including household,
commercial, industrial and agricultural sources.

Source Reduction. This refers to the methods by which the LGUs can
reduce a sufficient amount of solid waste disposed within five (5)
years. LGUs are expected to divert at least 25% of all solid waste from
waste disposal facilities through re-use, recycling and composting
activities. The rate of waste diversion is set to increase every three (3)
years.

Collection and Transport of Solid Waste. The geographic


subdivisions are taken into account in the coverage of the solid waste
collection area in every barangay ensuring 100% collection efficiency
within 24 hours from all sources. The plan shall define and identify
specific strategies and activities taking into account the availability
and provision of properly designed containers in selected collection
points while awaiting collection and transfer, segregation of different
types of waste, hauling and transfer of solid waste from collection
points to final disposal sites, issuance and enforcement of ordinances
for effective implementation, and provision of properly trained officers
and workers. All personnel directly dealing with collection of solid
waste must be equipped with personal protective gears for their
protection.

Recycling Program. The Department of Trade and Industry (DTI), in


coordination with other concerned agencies, is directed to publish an
inventory of existing markets for recyclable materials, product
standards for recyclable and recycled materials, and a proposal to
stimulate demand for the production of recycled materials and
products. Moreover, a coding system for eco-labeling is expected from
DTI. Non-environmentally acceptable products shall be allowed within
one (1) year after public notice as alternatives available to consumers
but at cost not exceeding ten (10) percent of the disposable product.
The use of non-environmentally acceptable packaging is strictly
prohibited by the Act.

35
LGUs are mandated to establish Materials Recovery Facility (MRF) in
each barangay or cluster of barangays designed to receive, sort,
process and store compostable and recyclable materials efficiently.
The residual wastes shall then be transferred to a long-term storage
or disposal facility or sanitary landfill. All solid waste disposal
facilities or sites in the country shall be published by the Department
of Natural Environment and Natural Resources (DENR). No open
dumps nor any practice or disposal of solid waste that constitutes
open dumps for solid waste shall be allowed. The Act further provides
for conversion of existing open dumps to controlled dumps within
three (3) years.

Composting. The Department of Agriculture (DA) shall publish an


inventory of existing markets and demands for composts that is
updated annually. These composts intended for commercial
distribution should conform to the standards set by the DA for
organic fertilizers.

Local Government Solid Waste Management

To encourage and facilitate the development of local plans, NSWMC is


mandated to publish guidelines for identification of areas with
common waste management problems and appropriate units for
clustering solid waste management services. This is to reinforce
provisions of the Local Government Code for all provinces, cities,
municipalities and barangays to consolidate or coordinate efforts,
services and resources to establish common waste treatment and
disposal facilities.

Incentive Scheme

An incentive scheme, pursuant to Omnibus Investment Code, is


provided by the Act to encourage participation of individuals, private
organizations and entities, including non-government organizations,in
developing outstanding and innovative projects, technologies,
processes and techniques or activities in re-use, recycling and
reduction. This includes 10-year tax and duty exemption on imported
capital equipment, vehicles, legacies, gifts and donations used for
collection of solid waste and tax credit equivalent to 50% of the

36
national internal revenue taxes and custom duties. Non-fiscal
incentives are granted to businesses and industries engaged in
recycling of waste in the form of simplified procedures for importation
of equipment, spare parts, new materials and supplies, and for the
export of processed products.

Other forms of incentives include extension of financial services to


individuals, enterprises or private entities engaged in solid waste
management and grant entitlement to outstanding LGUs. Those LGUs
who host common waste management facilities can likewise receive
incentives.

Penal Provisions

Chapter 6 provides a comprehensive list of prohibited acts including:


(1) littering, throwing, dumping of waste matters in public places; (2)
undertaking activities in violation of sanitation operation; (3) open
burning of solid waste; (4) causing non-segregated waste; (5) squatting
in open dumps and landfills; (6) open dumping, burying of
biodegradable materials in flood-prone areas; (7) unauthorized
removal of recyclable material; (8) mixing of source-separated
recyclable material with other solid waste; (9) establishment or
operation of open-dumps; (10) manufacturing, distributing, using,
and importing consumer products that are non-environmentally-
friendly materials; (11) importing toxic wastes misrepresented as
“recyclable” or “with recyclable content”; (12) transporting and
dumping in bulk in areas other than facility centers; (13) site
preparation, construction, expansion or operation of waste
management facilities without an Environmental Compliance
Certificate and not conforming with the land use plan of LGUs; (14)
construction of establishment within 200 meters from dump sites or
sanitary landfills; and (15) operation of waste disposal facility on any
aquifer, groundwater reservoir or watershed area.

A. Presidential Decree PD 112. (The Philippine Environment


Code )
It was took effect in 1997 which provides a basis for an
integrated waste management regulation starting from
waste source to methods of disposal.

37
Recent laws and its implementing rules and regulations
on environment and waste management include:
 Environmental Impact Assessment ( Presidential
Decree 1586) Philippine Environmental Impact
Statement System PEIS. The law requires that all
agencies whether government or private
corporations must prepare an environmental
impact statement for every proposed project and
undertaking which significantly affect the quality of
the environment.
 RA 9275: Philippine Clean Air Act of 2004
The law that provides comprehensive water
pollution control policy. Specifically, this legislative
intends to apply water quality management in all
water bodies in order to implement abatement and
control of pollution from land-based sources.
 RA 6969: Philippine Toxic Substances and
Hazardous and Nuclear Waste Act- It mandates the
regulation, restriction, or prohibition of the
importation, manufacture, processing, sale ,
distribution, use, and disposal of chemical
substances and mixtures that present
unreasonable risk and/or injury to health and the
environment.
 RA 9729 Climate Change Act is based on declared
policy of the State to systematically integrate the
concept of climate change in various phases of
policy formulation, development plans, poverty
reduction strategies and other development tools
and techniques by all agencies and
instrumentalities of the government.

If you have questions, ask


your teacher for assistance.

38
How much did you learn?

Self-Check 2.0

A. Read and analyze the statement carefully. Choose the best


answer and write the letter only in your answer sheet.

1. Important means of hindering the development of parasites


or destroying them properly EXCEPT:
a. mechanical
b. physical
c. manual
d.chemical
2. Products that are used to control parasites that attack flies,
ticks, mites and fleas;
a. pesticides
b. byllucides
c. rodenticides
d. external parasiticides
3. Proper handling and storage of plantstock medication can
best protect from ____?
a. propagation
b. growing
c. germinating
d. contamination
4. Keeping your storage areas organized can reduce the
potential for ____?
a. damage
b. contaminants
c. control
d. error
5 .Refers to time weighted concentration for an 8 hour workday
and a total of 48 hours a week of exposure to contamination;
a. economic threshold level
b. threshold limit values
c. threshold level
d. none of the above

39
Lesson 3: Assist in Maintaining Site Quarantine
Procedures

 Inform all visitors of the quarantine procedures.


 Provide all visitors with appropriate clothing and footwear, if
requested by SOP.
 Note and report any breaches of quarantine procedures by
visitors to supervisor.
 Keep gates and doors locked where required by SOP and
supervisor instructions.
 Maintain installed security fencing according to supervisors
instructions.
 Check deliveries to site to ensure that established proper
procedures for vehicle decontamination, unloading and receipt
and holding and storage of stock and/or supplies are followed.

Definition of Technical Terms

Perimeter fence- is a structure that circles the perimeter of an area


or place to prevent access of entry for people, animals and any means
of transportation.

Decontamination-is the process of removing or neutralizing


contaminants that have accumulated on personnel and equipment.

External parasiticides- are products that are used to control


parasites that attack flies, ticks, mites and fleas;

40
What Do You Need To Know?

Read Lesson Information 3.0 very well then find out how
much you can remember and how much you learned by
doing Self-Check 3.0.

Lesson Information 3.0

ASSIST IN MAINTAINING SITE QUARANTINE PROCEDURES

Quarantine policy and procedures

The Bureau of Plant Industry of the Department of Agriculture follows


the diagram found below whenever they issue permits domestically. It
is important that this procedure be observed and folowed religiously
to avoid the entry, establishment, and spread of plant pests and
noxious weeds.

Whenever an item is found to be prohibited, misdeclared or


infected/infested no permit is issued. The applicant is given an
opporrtunity to remove the plant parts found to be infected. But if the
plant is showing symptoms of virus infection no permit is issued.

41
42
Report procedures for alleged breaches of site quarantine
procedures.

Whenever there are breaches of site quarantine the following are to


be performed:

1. The specific problem and its location is identified and reported to


supervisor.
2. Problems are secured according to enterprise procedures.
3. Quarantine site and location of breach is cleaned and disinfected as
required according to the specific nature of the problem and
enterprise procedures.
4. Livestock, plant stock suspected of being exposed to contaminants
are isolated and monitored for evidence of contamination according to
enterprise procedures.
5. All contaminated stock/materials are treated and/or disposed of
according to enterprise procedures.
6. Information about the breach or problem is recorded according to
enterprise procedures.

Lock gates and doors

Just like in our homes gates and doors of our quarantine facilities
should always be closed at all times. Entry should be limited
authorized personnel.

Maintain security fencing

A perimeter fence is a structure that circles the perimeter of an area


to prevent access. These fences are frequently made out of single
vertical metal bars connected at the top and bottom with a horizontal
bar. They often have spikes or Barbed wire on the top to prevent
climbing.

In agriculture, fences are used to keep animals in or out of an area.


They can be made from a wide variety of materials, depending on
terrain, location and animals to be confined. Most agricultural fencing
averages about 4 feet (1.2 m) high, and in some places, the height and
construction of fences designed to hold livestock is mandated by law.

43
Fence maintenance can be frustrating if you are not sure how to clean
a fence. Here are steps on how you can clean your fence.

Materials Needed:
Water hose
Soft scrub brush
Bucket of soapy water OPTIONAL

Level of Difficulty:
1 - Cleaning metal fences such as chain link, steel and aluminum is
very easy and does not require much time/effort to complete.

Recommended Time Frame for Cleaning a Metal Fences:


For maximum results, we recommend that you clean your metal
fences once a year or as needed.

Cleaning:
If you want to give your children a chore to do around the house, now
is the time. Cleaning a chain link, steel or aluminum fence is very
easy and can be performed by almost anyone. Most of the time you
can clean your metal fence by simply spraying it off with a water hose.
However, if you come across some tough stains or areas that need a
little scrubbing, the following advice should do the trick.

44
First, you will want to prepare a bucket of soapy water. To do this,
simply fill a bucket with warm water and mix with any cleaning
solution that will not increase chances of rust development. You will
then want to take your soft bristle scrub brush and dip it in the soapy
water. After the brush is wet, simply scrub the areas of the fence that
need cleaning and rinse by spraying off with a water hose... It's that
easy.

Check/inspect deliveries for vehicle decontamination

Decontamination is the process of removing or neutralizing


contaminants that have accumulated on personnel and equipment. It
is empirical therefore that this process be performed whenever a
vehicle is used to transport crops whish are believed to be infected or
infested with diseases.

Some equipment used for Vehicle Decontamination are found below.

 Storage tanks of appropriate treatment systems for temporary


storage and/or treatment of contaminated wash and rinse
solutions.
 Drains or pumps for collection of contaminated wash and rinse
solutions.
 Long-handled brushes for general exterior cleaning.
 Wash solutions selected to remove and reduce the hazards
associated with the contamination.
 Rinse solutions selected to remove contaminants and
contaminated wash solutions.
 Pressurized sprayers for washing and rinsing, particularly hard-
to-reach areas.
 Curtains, enclosures, or spray booths to contain splashes from
pressurized sprays.
 Long handled brushes, rods, and shovels for dislodging
contaminants and contaminated soil caught in tires and the
undersides of vehicles and equipment.
 Containers to hold contaminants and contaminated soil
removed from tires and the undersides of vehicles and
equipment.
 Wash and rinse buckets for use in the decontamination of
operator areas inside vehicles and equipment.
 Brooms and brushes for cleaning operator areas inside vehicles
and equipment.

45
 Containers for storage and disposal of contaminated wash and
rinse solutions, damaged or heavily contaminated parts, and
equipment to be discarded.

If you have questions, ask


your teacher for
assistance.

How much did you learn?

Self-Check 3.0

Read and analyze the statement carefully. Choose the best


answer and write the letter only in your answer sheet.

1. A permit being issued by Department of Agriculture through


BPI to avoid the entry and spread of plant pest and diseases;
b. Domestic plant quarantine permit
c. Inspection permit
d. Certification permit
e. Plant permit
2.Responsible for the visual observation and inspection for
plant infestation;
a. Plant supervisor
b. Quarantine officer
c. Plant quarantine officer
d. All of the above
3. all contaminated stock/materials are treated and/or
disposed of according to_______ procedures?.
a. Quality
b. Enterprise
c. Standard
d. Standard operating
4. an structure that circles the perimeter of an area to prevent
entry or access;
a. fence
b. post
c. perimeter fence
d. concrete post

46
5. kind of sprayer used for washing nd rinsing. Particularly
hard to reach areas;
a. heavy duty
b. pressurized
c. manual
d. knapsack

Activity3.0

MAINTAINING SITE QUARANTINE PROCEDURES

(Cleaning Metal Fences)

Materials needed:

 Water hose
 Soft scrub brush
 Bucket of soapy water OPTIONAL
Instructions

After learning about how to maintain site quarantine, Students


will go around the nursery fence area , and do the cleaning of concrete
post, steel or aluminum fence and performed individually.

First,prepare a bucket of soapy water.

Second, fill a bucket with warm water and mix with any
cleaning solution to prevent rust development.

Third, take your soft bristle scrub brush and dip it in the
soapy water.

Fourth, After the brush is wet, simply scrub the areas of the
fence that need cleaning and rinse by spraying off with a water hose.

Score
Criteria
20 15 10 5
Completeness
Well organized
Neatness
Updated/appropriate materials

47
Lesson 4: Respond to Site Quarantine
Breach or Problems.
equipme
 Identify and report the specific problem and its location to
supervisor.
 Disinfect quarantine site and location of breach as
required according to the specific nature of the problem
and SOP.
 Isolate livestock, plant stock suspected of being exposed
to contaminants according to SOP.
 Monitor livestock, plant stock suspected of being exposed
to contaminants for evidence of contamination according
to SOP.
 Record information about the breach or problem
according to SOP.

Definition of Technical Terms

Disinfectionis the process, which involves the elimination of most


pathogenic microorganisms (excluding bacterial spores) on inanimate
objects.

Quarantine- is used to separate and restrict the movement of


persons; it is a 'state of enforced isolation

Contaminants- is a substance that is where it shouldn't be and is at


high enough levels to have a negative effect on our health or on the
health of animals or plants. A contaminant is any potentially
undesirable substance (physical, chemical or biological).

Breach -an act of breaking or failing to observe a law, agreement, or


code of conduct.

Incineration -is a waste treatment process that involves the


combustion of organic substances contained in waste materials.

48
What Do You Need To Know?

Read Lesson Information 4.0 very well then find out how much you can
remember and how much you learned by doing Self-Check 4.0

Lesson Information 4.0

RESPOND TO SITE QUARANTINE BREACH OR PROBLEMS

Consequences of breaching site quarantine procedures

Respond to site quarantine breach or problem

1. The specific problem in its location is identified and reported to


supervisor.
2. Problems are secured according to enterprise procedures.
3. Quarantine site and location of breach is cleaned and disinfected as
required according to the specific nature of the problem and
enterprise procedures.
4. Livestock, plant stock suspected of being exposed to contaminants
are isolated and monitored for evidenceof contamination according
to enterprise procedures
5. All contaminated stock/materials are treated and/disposed of
according to enterprise procedures.
6. Information about the breach or problem is recorded
according to enterprise procedures.

Disinfection and decontamination guidelines

Destruction of Infected Plants


The destruction of all infected plants and thedestruction of all
susceptible host species within a defined distance of infected plants.
Is a must. Onceauthority is granted to destroy infected plants then
the following guidelines are followed:

49
1.Prior to destruction, infected plants and plants suspected of
harbouring hostswillrequire treatment. This may include all
symptomless hosts within a buffer zonearound infected plants.

2. Where possible, all infected plants shall be destroyed by the most


appropriatemanner.

3. All susceptible hosts within the buffer zone of an infected plant will
be destroyed, withsymptomless plants being destroyed before the
infected plants are handled.

4. When it becomes necessary to remove infected plants rather than


destroying themwhere they are growing or are located, the infected
plants should be cut intomanageable-sized pieces, placed in plastic
bags or plastic lined containers, andtransported to an approved site
for burial or incineration.

5. Plants will beprohibited to be grown on the burial site for a certain


period following burial.

6.Following the disposal of infected plants, bags and/or bin liners,


containers and all equipment and vehicles that has or may have
come in contact with the infected plants shall be decontaminated.

7.Any remnants of plants left in the ground will be treated to prevent


regrowth.

Control measures procedure for infected sites

Plant disease management practices rely on anticipating occurrence of


disease and attacking vulnerable points in the disease cycle to include
weak links in the infection chain.

Four general disease principles as control measures;

1, Exclusion
2. Eradication
3. Protection
4. Immunization/Resistance

50
Exclusion

This principle is defined as


any measure that prevents
the introduction of a
disease-causing agent
(pathogen) into a region,
farm, or planting.

Eradication
This principle aims at
eliminating a pathogen
after it is introduced into
an area but before it has
become well established
or widely spread. It can be
applied to individual
plants, seed lots, fields or
regions but generally is
not effective over large
geographic areas.

Elimination of potato cull piles

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Soil fumigation has been a
widely used eradication strategy.
This technology involves
introducing gas-forming
chemicals such as carbon
disulfide, methyl bromide, or
chloropicrin into soil to kill target
pathogens.

Crop rotation is a frequently used


strategy to reduce the quantity of a
pathogen, usually soil-borne
organisms, in a cropping area.

Burning is an effective means of


eradicating pathogens and is often
required by law to dispose of
diseased or infected trees

Protection

This principle depends on


establishing a barrier between the
pathogen and the host plant or the
susceptible part of the host plant. It is
usually thought of as a chemical
barrier, using fungicide, bactericide or
nematicide, but it can also be a
physical, spatial, or temporal barrier.

Bananas are covered with


plasticsleeve

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Protection often involves some cultural practice that modifies the
environment, such as tillage, drainage, irrigation, or altering soil pH.
It may also involve changing date or
depth of seeding, plant spacing,
pruning and thinning, or other
practices that allow plants to escape
infection or reduce severity of
disease.

Raising planting beds to assure


good soil water drainage is an
example of cultural management of Raising planting beds
plant diseases such as root and
stem rots.

Resistance

Use of disease-resistant plants is the ideal method to manage


plant diseases, if plants of satisfactory quality and adapted to the
growing region with adequate levels of durable resistance are available.

Isolating and Monitoring suspected plant stock exposed in


contaminants

There is a need to isolate contaminated plant stock for treatment and


eradication. The following considerations are to be taken:

Nursery & garden product management

1. Growing media, propagating material and other production


inputs

Pests and contamination can be easily brought onto your


property with production nursery inputs (including growing media,
plant containers and fertilizer) and plant material.
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Be aware that you cannot visually assess the true health of
your propagation material, as viruses, viroids, phytoplasmas and
other pests may not display symptoms. Ensure propagation material
is ‘clean’ ( tested with no pest detections) and where possible, use only
certified production nursery inputs.

2. Potting and propagating facilities

Good hygiene practices undertaken during potting and


propagation will minimise the chance of pest spread. The facilities and
areas where these practices are undertaken should be separated from
production areas.

Benches and tools used for propagation should be regularly


washed and disinfected, preferably between each batch of media or
plant material. Potting containers should be clean and disinfected
before use.

3. Greenhouse facilities

Greenhouse, glasshouse and shade house facilities are


commonly used in the production of seedlings and cuttings. The use
of these facilities presents specific biosecurity threats, particularly
due to the ideal breeding environment for many pests, close plantings,
physical contact between plants and workers, and the green waste
generated.
If you have greenhouse or glasshouse facilities, the following
measures should be implemented:

4. Water management

The management of water quality, including pest infestation


levels, is important for the maintenance of healthy plants. If water
sources become contaminated they can spread pests throughout
production areas.

To minimize the risk:

• Regularly test water storages and monitor surrounding vegetation


for the presence of pests.

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• Keep areas around water storages free of plant waste and other
potential sources of infestation.

• Production nursery area run-off should not enter irrigation sources


without prior catchment and treatment.

Production nursery waste


Maintaining good production nursery hygiene can minimize
cross-contamination and breeding environments for pests. This
should be achieved in combination with an effective pest
monitoring/management program. A ‘spray diary’ record should
accompany each consignment of plant material.

Identify hazardous substances in plant

You must ensure that hazardous substances contained in a


piping system, process vessel or plant that forms part of a
manufacturing process are identified to anyone who may be exposed
to them. You can do this by using a colour-coded sign sytem that
follows the Philippine Standard for Identification of Contents of Pipes,
Conduits and Duct.

Obtain and provide information on hazardous substances

Employers are required to:

 Keep a register of all hazardous substances supplied to your


workplace
 Obtain a current Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) for each
hazardous substance
 Keep the MSDS accessible to employees
 Not alter the information on an MSDS
 Ensure that containers in which hazardous substances are supplied
are labelled
 Identify containers of waste.
Control risk

You must eliminate any risks associated with hazardous substances


in your workplace.

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If it's not reasonably practicable to eliminate the risk, you must
reduce the risk, as far as reasonably practicable, by:

 using a less hazardous substance or a safer form of the substance, or


 isolating employees from exposure, or
 using engineering controls.
You must review (and, where necessary, revise) your risk controls if
things change and there is likely to be an increase in the risk to
health

Occupational health, safety and welfare


Any work in the rural or related industries may be dangerous in some
way. Itis important to know about your workplace’s occupational
health and safetyprocedures.
As an employee you have a responsibility to:
Follow your organization’s occupational health and safety
procedures.
 Follow the manufacturer’s guidelines for machinery and
equipment.
 Respond to a situation where anyone is at risk of injury,
providingthat, in doing so, you do not put yourself at risk
 Report any incidents or situations that might, or do, cause
you or otherpeople injury.

If you have questions, ask


your teacher for assistance.

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How much did you learn?

Self-Check 4.0

A. Complete the paragraph

Four diseases principle used as control measures in quarantine


site? You will have to consider 1.______________________,2.
__________________ 3. ______________________ 4.______________________

B. True or False. Write letter T if the statement is correct and


letter F if statement is wrong.

1. Specific problem in its location is identified


and reported to supervisor
2. Ensure that containers in which hazardous substances are
sometimes labelled.
3. Good hygiene practices undertaken during potting and
propagation will maximize the chance of pest spread.
4. Breaching is an act of breaking or failing to observe a law,
agreement, or code of conduct.
5. It is the sole responsibility of a worker to eliminate hazard and
risk in his quarantine area.

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Post Assessment

How much have you Learned?


A. Read and analyze the statement carefully. Choose the
best answer and write the letter only in your answer
sheet.

1. The use of separate and restrict the movement of plants and


animals mor persons.
a. quarantine
b. contaminants
c. infection
d. control method

2. Refers to place where people, plants, animals and things are


isolated and treated out of a certain area to prevent the spread
of diseases or pests.
a. decontaminants
b. quarantine site
c. infestation
d.restriction
3. This refers to biotic and abiotic byproducts of farming
practices that result in contamination or degradation of the
environment and surrounding ecosystem.
a.Parasitic reaction
b.Environmental hazard.
c. Agricultural pollution
d. animal pollution

4. The process which involves the elimination of most


pathogenic microorganism or inanimate objects.
a. quarantine
b. desinfiction
c. breach
d. control
5. A substance that is where it shoudn’t be and is at high
enough levels to have a negative effect on our health or in
plants and animals.

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a. pesticides
b. herbecides
c. contaminants
d. solid waste
6. Important means of hindering the development of parasites
or destroying them properly EXCEPT:
a. mechanical
b. physical
c. manual
d.chemical
7. Products that are used to control parasites that attack flies,
ticks, mites and fleas;
a. pesticides
b. byllucides
c. rodenticides
d. external parasiticides
8. Proper handling and storage of plantstock medication can
best protect from ____?
a. propagation
b. growing
c. germinating
d. contamination
9. Keeping your storage areas organized can reduce the
potential for ____?
a. damage
b. contaminants
c. control
d. error
10. Refers to time weighted concentration for an 8 hour
workday and a total of 48 hours a week of exposure to
contamination;
a. economic threshold level
b. threshold limit values
c. threshold level
d. none of the above

B. Match Column A with B, then write the letter of your answer


on your answer sheet.

11. Seiri,Sorting out K. An act describing solid


waste management

12. Reduce, reuse and L. A process of


recycle remanufacturing a

59
product to be sold as new
13 Republic Act 8749 M. Clean Air Act of 1999
14. Recycling N. Remove unnecessary
items as appropriate
15. Seiketsu,Sanitizing O. Three R’s in quarantine
site
16. Presidential P. Refers to methods by
Decree 112 which LGU,s reduced a
significant amount of
solid waste management
17. Material Safety Q. Environmental
Data Sheet cleanliness
18. Republic Actn9275 R. Phil.clean air act of 2004
19. Republic Act 9003 S. A document contains
information on the
potential hazards( health
,fire, reactivity and
environmental
20. Source reduction T. Philippine environmental
code

Refer to the Answer Key. What is your score?

Congratulations! You did a great job!


Rest and relax a while then move on to
the next module. Good luck!

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GENERALIZATION:

This module gave opportunity to the students to develop


their skills in Following Site Quarantine Procedures
(Lesson 20A) according to standard operating procedures,
techniques and knowledge of Agricultural Crop
Production.

This prepares them to move on to the next important skills


for development… the Elective.

References:

 Agricultural Arts for Secondary


 Agricultural Arts (T.H.E., SEDP, NSEC series) by Ramon
G. Asuncion et.al.
 Farm Mechanics Textbook by Phipps, McColly, Scranton,
& Cook p.393 – 689
 Growing Vegetables by Tony Biggs p.6 – 7
 http://www.firesafetraining.com/WHMISMSDS.html
 http://parasitipedia.net/index.php?option=com_content
&view=article&id=2405&Itemid=2669
 http://www.anchorfenceonline.com/cleaning_maintenanc
e.html
 http://parasitipedia.net/index.php?option=com_content
&view=article&id=2405&Itemid=2669
 http://www.gov.mb.ca/agriculture/animals/animal-
health/pubs/proper_storage_animal_health_products.pdf
 https://training.gov.au/Training/Details/AHCBIO202A
 http://www.oshc.dole.gov.ph/UserFiles/oshc2010/file/O
SH_Standards_Amended_1989_Latest.pdf
 https://www.osha.gov/SLTC/hazardouswaste/training/d
econ.html
 http://www.denr.gov.ph/news-and-
features/features/29-the-philippine-clean-air-act-

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eleven-years-of-partnerships-for-cleaner-healthier-
air.html
 http://ap.fftc.agnet.org/ap_db.php?id=153&print=1
 Trainer’s Methodology
 Maintain Training Facilities
 National TVET Trainer’s Academy
 http://pqs.da.gov.ph/index.php/procedures/domestic
 (For 5S Housekeeping at homes, refer: (Housekeeping at
Home) http://5s-housekeeping-home.blogspot.com/)
 (Read the article tiltled Be Tidy and Get Back Your Lost
One Third of Life at http://wow-idea.blogspot.com/)
 http://5s-housekeeping.blogspot.com/
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Perimeter_fence

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