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“Learn how to see. Realize that everything connects to everything else.” – Leonardo da Vinci
“Learn how to see. Realize that everything connects to everything else.” – Leonardo da Vinci

“Learn how to see. Realize that everything connects to everything else.”

Leonardo da Vinci

" I am not who I think I am. I am not who you think

"I am not who I think I am.

I am not who you think I am.

I am who I think you think I am."

Physical Self - is the concrete dimension , the tangible aspect of the person that

Physical Self - is the concrete dimension, the tangible aspect of the person that can be directly observed and examined.

Physical Self/Body is an initial source of sensation and necessary for the origin and maintenance of personality –William James

Self/Body is an initial source of sensation and necessary for the origin and maintenance of personality

In Psychoanalytical school, Sigmund Freud's construction of self and personality makes the physical body the core of human experience.

school, Sigmund Freud's construction of self and personality makes the physical body the core of human
Erik Erikson - the role of bodily organs is especially important in early developmental stages

Erik Erikson - the role of bodily organs is especially important in early developmental stages of a persons life. Later in life, the development of physical as well as intellectual skills help determine whether the individual will achieve a sense of competence and ability to choose demanding roles in a complex society.

How they view themselves How they view others How they think others view them

How they view themselves How they view others How they think others view them

The sociology of the body become an established discipline in the 1990’s. Bryan Turner, coined

The sociology of the body become an established discipline in the 1990’s. Bryan Turner, coined the term “somatic society” which means the new found importance of the body in contemporary society.

The obsession to have a beautiful face & body
The obsession to have a beautiful face & body
The obsession to have a beautiful face & body

The obsession to have a beautiful face & body

The obsession to have a beautiful face & body
The obsession to have a beautiful face & body

Eating disorder such as anorexia nervosa and bulimia

Eating disorder such as anorexia nervosa and bulimia

The demand for cosmetic surgery and skin whiteners

The demand for cosmetic surgery and skin whiteners

Body Dysmorphic

Body Dysmorphic
Body Shaming
Body Shaming

Many people especially women spend tremendous expenditure of time, effort and money to alter their appearances to resemble an ideal image.

women spend tremendous expenditure of time, effort and money to alter their appearances to resemble an
What is your ideal physique of a man and a woman?

What is your ideal physique of a man and a woman?

“Mirror

mirror

on the wall

Who’s the fairest of them all”

“Mirror mirror on the wall Who’s the fairest of them all”

Beauty is in the eye of the beholder

Beauty is in the eye of the beholder
Beauty is in the eye of the beholder

We are NOT our bodies. We live in our bodies, but our bodies do not make up WHO we are.

We are NOT our bodies. We live in our bodies, but our bodies do not make

My Sexual Self

▪ Sex is biological – male, female, also intersex (reproductive differences based on genitalia, chromosomes,
▪ Sex is biological – male, female, also intersex
(reproductive differences based on genitalia,
chromosomes, hormones)
▪ A person’s identity based on their physical
characteristics, genes and hormones.
▪ Men: penis
▪ Women: vagina
SEX
▪ Intersex: chromosomes and hormones of a female
but external genital is like that of a male
:
chromosomes and hormones of a male but
external genital is like that of a female
▪ Also refers to sexual acts, as in ‘having sex’
▪ Primary and secondary sex characteristics

My Sexual Self

My Sexual Self GENDER ▪ Gender is ‘the structure of social relations that centres on the

GENDER

Gender is ‘the structure of social relations that centres on the reproductive arena, and the set of practices that bring reproductive distinctions into social processes (Connell 2002:

10)

A term that refers to social or cultural distinctions associated with a given sex; it is generally considered to be a socially constructed concept.

Gender underlies assumptions regarding ‘masculine’ or ‘feminine’ behaviour

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My Sexual Self

My Sexual Self Genetic basis for sex determination: ▪ X chromosome ▪ Y chromosome

Genetic basis for sex determination:

X chromosome Y chromosome

Genetic basis for sex determination: ▪ X chromosome ▪ Y chromosome

My Sexual Self

Male Reproductive Organ

My Sexual Self Male Reproductive Organ
My Sexual Self Male Reproductive Organ

My Sexual Self

Female Reproductive Organ

My Sexual Self Female Reproductive Organ
My Sexual Self Female Reproductive Organ

My Sexual Self Secondary Sex Characteristics

My Sexual Self Secondary Sex Characteristics
My Sexual Self Secondary Sex Characteristics
   
   
 

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My Sexual Self The Biology of the Sexual Response

My Sexual Self The Biology of the Sexual Response 5 Stages: Desire (libido) ▪ The stage

5 Stages:

Desire

(libido)

The stage in which a man or woman begins to want or "desire" sexual intimacy or gratification, may last anywhere from a moment to many years.

My Sexual Self The Biology of the Sexual Response

My Sexual Self The Biology of the Sexual Response 5 Stages: Excitement (arousal) ▪ Muscle tension

5 Stages:

Excitement

(arousal)

Muscle tension increases.

Heart rate quickens and breathing is accelerated.

Skin may become flushed (blotches of redness appear on the chest and back).

Nipples become hardened or erect.

Blood flow to the genitals increases, resulting in swelling of the woman's clitoris and labia minora (inner lips), and erection of the man's penis.

Vaginal lubrication begins.

The woman's breasts become fuller and the vaginal walls begin to swell.

My Sexual Self The Biology of the Sexual Response

My Sexual Self The Biology of the Sexual Response 5 Stages: Plateau ▪ The changes begun

5 Stages:

Plateau

The changes begun in phase 1 are intensified.

The vagina continues to swell from increased blood flow, and the vaginal walls turn a dark purple.

The woman's clitoris becomes highly sensitive (may even be painful to touch) and retracts under the clitoral hood to avoid direct stimulation from the penis.

The man's testicles are withdrawn up into the scrotum.

Breathing, heart rate, and blood pressure continue to increase.

Muscle spasms may begin in the feet, face, and hands.

My Sexual Self The Biology of the Sexual Response

My Sexual Self The Biology of the Sexual Response 5 Stages: Orgasm ▪ Involuntary muscle contractions

5 Stages:

Orgasm

Involuntary muscle contractions begin.

Blood pressure, heart rate, and breathing are at their highest rates, with a rapid intake of oxygen.

Muscles in the feet spasm.

There is a sudden, forceful release of sexual tension.

In women, the muscles of the vagina contract. The uterus also undergoes rhythmic contractions.

In men, rhythmic contractions of the muscles at the base of the penis result in the ejaculation of semen.

My Sexual Self The Biology of the Sexual Response

My Sexual Self The Biology of the Sexual Response 5 Stages: Resolution ▪ Swelled and erect

5 Stages:

Resolution

Swelled and erect body parts return to their previous size and color. This phase is marked by a general sense of well-being, enhanced intimacy and, often, fatigue. Refractory period

My Sexual Self

My Sexual Self Desire (Duration: anywhere from a moment to many years)
Desire (Duration: anywhere from a moment to many years)
Desire (Duration: anywhere from a moment to many years)
Desire (Duration: anywhere from a moment to many years)
Desire (Duration: anywhere from a moment to many years)

Desire (Duration: anywhere from a moment to many years)

Desire (Duration: anywhere from a moment to many years)
Desire (Duration: anywhere from a moment to many years)
Desire (Duration: anywhere from a moment to many years)

My Sexual Self

Excitement Heart rate and blood pressure increase, body muscles tense, sexual flush occurs, nipples become
Excitement Heart rate and blood pressure increase, body muscles tense, sexual flush occurs, nipples become
Excitement Heart rate and blood pressure increase, body muscles tense, sexual flush occurs, nipples become
Excitement Heart rate and blood pressure increase, body muscles tense, sexual flush occurs, nipples become

Excitement

Heart rate and blood pressure increase, body muscles tense, sexual flush occurs, nipples become erect, genital and pelvic blood vessels become engorged, and involuntary and voluntary muscles contract.

The vagina lengthens and widens, the clitoris swells and enlarges, breasts increase in size, the labia swell and separate, the vagina becomes lubricated, and the uterus rises slightly. Vaginal lubrication is the key indicator of sexual excitement. Note: Women generally reach this stage more slowly than men do.

The penis becomes erect, the scrotum thickens, and the testes rise closer to the body. Erection of the penis is the key indicator of sexual excitement. Note: Men generally reach this stage faster stage than women do.

(Duration:

anywhere from a few minutes to several hours)

My Sexual Self

 
My Sexual Self   Plateau Breathing rate, heart rate, and blood pressure further increase, sexual flush
My Sexual Self   Plateau Breathing rate, heart rate, and blood pressure further increase, sexual flush
My Sexual Self   Plateau Breathing rate, heart rate, and blood pressure further increase, sexual flush
My Sexual Self   Plateau Breathing rate, heart rate, and blood pressure further increase, sexual flush

Plateau

Breathing rate, heart rate, and blood pressure further increase, sexual flush deepens, and muscle tension increases. There is a sense of impending orgasm.

The clitoris withdraws, the Bartholin’s glands lubricate, the areolae around nipples become larger, the labia continue to swell, the uterus tips to stand high in the abdomen, and the “orgasmic platform” develops (the lower vagina swells, narrows, and tightens).

The ridge of the glans penis becomes more prominent, the Cowper’s glands secrete preejaculatory fluid, and the testes rise closer to the body.

(Duration:

between 30 seconds and 3 minutes)

My Sexual Self

My Sexual Self Orgasm (Duration: less than 1 minute) Heart rate, breathing, and blood pressure reach
Orgasm (Duration: less than 1 minute) Heart rate, breathing, and blood pressure reach their peak,
Orgasm (Duration: less than 1 minute) Heart rate, breathing, and blood pressure reach their peak,
Orgasm (Duration: less than 1 minute) Heart rate, breathing, and blood pressure reach their peak,
Orgasm (Duration: less than 1 minute) Heart rate, breathing, and blood pressure reach their peak,

Orgasm (Duration: less than 1 minute)

Heart rate, breathing, and blood pressure reach their peak, sexual flush spreads over the body, and there is a loss of muscle control (spasms).

The uterus, vagina, anus, and muscles of the pelvic floor contract 5 to 12 times at 0.8-second intervals. Note: Women can have orgasm, move back into plateau stage, and achieve another orgasm (called “multiple orgasms”).

Ejaculation occurs (contractions of the ejaculatory duct in the prostate gland cause semen to be ejected through the urethra and penis), and the urethra, anus, and muscles of pelvic floor contract 3 to 6 times at 0.8-second intervals.

My Sexual Self

 
My Sexual Self   Resolution Heart rate and blood pressure dip below normal, returning to normal
My Sexual Self   Resolution Heart rate and blood pressure dip below normal, returning to normal
My Sexual Self   Resolution Heart rate and blood pressure dip below normal, returning to normal
My Sexual Self   Resolution Heart rate and blood pressure dip below normal, returning to normal

Resolution

Heart rate and blood pressure dip below normal, returning to normal soon afterward; the whole body, including the palms of hands and soles of feet, sweats; there is a loss of muscle tension, increased relaxation, and drowsiness.

Blood vessels dilate to drain the pelvic tissues and decrease engorgement; the breasts and areolae decrease in size; nipples lose their erection; the clitoris resumes its prearousal position and shrinks slightly; the labia return to normal size and position; the vagina relaxes; the cervix opens to help semen travel up into the uterus—closing 20–30 minutes after orgasm; and the uterus lowers into the upper vagina

Nipples lose their erection; the penis becomes softer and smaller; the scrotum relaxes, and the testes drop farther away from the body. Depending on a number of factors (including age), the refractory period in men, during which erection cannot be achieved, may last anywhere from 5 minutes to 24 hours or more.

(Duration:

varies greatly)

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Chemistry of Lust and Love by Dr. Helen Fisher
Chemistry of Lust and Love by Dr. Helen Fisher

LUST

LUST
LUST
LUST
LUST
LUST
LUST
LUST
LUST

ATTRACTION

ATTRACTION
ATTRACTION
ATTRACTION
ATTRACTION
ATTRACTION
ATTRACTION
ATTRACTION
ATTRACTION

ATTRACTION

ATTRACTION Norepinephrine is also known as NORADRENALINE, a hormone that plays a large role in the
ATTRACTION Norepinephrine is also known as NORADRENALINE, a hormone that plays a large role in the
ATTRACTION Norepinephrine is also known as NORADRENALINE, a hormone that plays a large role in the
ATTRACTION Norepinephrine is also known as NORADRENALINE, a hormone that plays a large role in the
ATTRACTION Norepinephrine is also known as NORADRENALINE, a hormone that plays a large role in the
ATTRACTION Norepinephrine is also known as NORADRENALINE, a hormone that plays a large role in the

Norepinephrine is also known as NORADRENALINE, a hormone that plays a large role in the fight or flight response

ATTACHMENT

ATTACHMENT Known as the “cuddle hormone,” that is released in large quantities during sex, breastfeeding, and
ATTACHMENT Known as the “cuddle hormone,” that is released in large quantities during sex, breastfeeding, and
ATTACHMENT Known as the “cuddle hormone,” that is released in large quantities during sex, breastfeeding, and
ATTACHMENT Known as the “cuddle hormone,” that is released in large quantities during sex, breastfeeding, and
ATTACHMENT Known as the “cuddle hormone,” that is released in large quantities during sex, breastfeeding, and
ATTACHMENT Known as the “cuddle hormone,” that is released in large quantities during sex, breastfeeding, and
ATTACHMENT Known as the “cuddle hormone,” that is released in large quantities during sex, breastfeeding, and

Known as the “cuddle hormone,” that is released in large quantities during sex, breastfeeding, and childbirth

EROGENOUS ZONES

Sexual Diversity

Sexual Diversity ▪ ▪

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Sexuality is diverse

Gender
Gender

Refers to the attitudes, feelings and behaviors that a given culture associates with a person's biological sex. Behavior that is compatible with cultural expectations is referred

to as

gender normative;

behaviors that are viewed as incompatible with these expectations constitute gender non conformity (APA, 2012).

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▪ An adjective used to describe a person whose gender identity and gender expression align
▪ An adjective used to
describe a person whose
gender identity and gender
expression align with sex
assigned at birth
▪ Cisgender replaces the
terms "nontransgender" or
"bio man/bio woman" to
refer to individuals who
have a match between the
gender they were assigned
at birth, their bodies and
their gender identity

Transgender

Transgender ▪ An adjective that is a umbrella term used to describe the full range of

An adjective that is a umbrella term used to describe the full range of people whose gender identity and/or gender role do not conform to what is typically associated with their sex assigned at birth.

Transgender

Transgender ▪ An umbrella term that incorporates differences in gender identity wherein one's assigned biological

An umbrella term that incorporates differences in gender identity wherein one's assigned biological sex doesn't match their felt identity.

This umbrella term includes persons who do not feel they fit into a dichotomous sex structure through which they are identified as male or female. Individuals in this category may feel as if they are in the wrong gender, but this perception may or may not correlate with a desire for surgical or hormonal reassignment

(Meier & Labuski, 2013)

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My Sexual Self

My Sexual Self ▪ ▪ ▪ ▪

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My Sexual Self

My Sexual Self 1) 2) 3) 4) 5)
My Sexual Self 1) 2) 3) 4) 5)
My Sexual Self 1) 2) 3) 4) 5)
My Sexual Self 1) 2) 3) 4) 5)
My Sexual Self 1) 2) 3) 4) 5)
My Sexual Self 1) 2) 3) 4) 5)
My Sexual Self 1) 2) 3) 4) 5)
My Sexual Self 1) 2) 3) 4) 5)
My Sexual Self 1) 2) 3) 4) 5)
My Sexual Self 1) 2) 3) 4) 5)
My Sexual Self 1) 2) 3) 4) 5)
My Sexual Self 1) 2) 3) 4) 5)
My Sexual Self 1) 2) 3) 4) 5)

1)

2)

3)

4)

5)

My Sexual Self

My Sexual Self 1) 2) 3) 4) 5)
My Sexual Self 1) 2) 3) 4) 5)
My Sexual Self 1) 2) 3) 4) 5)
My Sexual Self 1) 2) 3) 4) 5)
My Sexual Self 1) 2) 3) 4) 5)
My Sexual Self 1) 2) 3) 4) 5)
My Sexual Self 1) 2) 3) 4) 5)
My Sexual Self 1) 2) 3) 4) 5)

1)

2)

3)

4)

5)

ALL THAT HE CAN CALL HIS, NOT ONLY HIS BODY AND HIS PSYCHIC POWERS,

BUT HIS CLOTHES AND HIS HOUSE, HIS WIFE AND CHILDREN, HIS ANCESTORS AND FRIENDS, HIS REPUTATION AND WORKS, HIS LANDS AND HORSES, AND YACHT AND BANK-ACCOUNT. ALL THESE THINGS GIVE HIM THE SAME EMOTIONS. IF THEY WAX AND PROSPER, HE FEELS TRIUMPHANT; IF THEY DWINDLE AND DIE AWAY, HE FEELS CAST DOWN,—NOT NECESSARILY IN THE SAME DEGREE FOR EACH THING, BUT IN MUCH THE SAME WAY FOR ALL.”

- WILLIAM JAMES

CAST DOWN,—NOT NECESSARILY IN THE SAME DEGREE FOR EACH THING, BUT IN MUCH THE SAME WAY
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Bodily Self Extended Self
Bodily Self Extended Self
Bodily Self
Bodily Self
Extended Self
Extended Self
Possessions can go beyond their functional value.
Possessions can go beyond their functional value.
Possessions can go beyond their functional value.
Possessions can go beyond their functional value.

Possessions can go beyond their functional value.

• Influence

• Power

• Sympathy

• Social status

• Emotions

The importance a consumer attaches to worldly possessions.

The importance a consumer attaches to worldly

possessions.

The importance a consumer attaches to worldly possessions.
•There’s an observation that one’s possessions are considered a part of oneself. They are symbols
•There’s an observation that one’s possessions are considered a part of oneself. They are symbols

•There’s an observation that one’s possessions are considered a part of oneself. They are symbols and extensions of the personal and social aspects of her identity/personhood. •Possession help people define themselves.

• Possessions can enhance one’s image and develop a positive sense of self. • It

• Possessions can enhance one’s image and develop a positive sense of self.

• It can be a reassurance that one is the person one’s wishes to be.

• Goods and possessions are used to fill in or to compensate for the person lacks.

For example: A recent Ph.D., for example, may prominently display his diploma in an attempt

For example:

A recent Ph.D., for example, may prominently display his diploma in an attempt to convince himself (and others) that he is the erudite scholar he aspires to be.

Even though you are not too smart or not qualified, so long as you wear an expensive watch, an high-class pair of shoes and you have the latest model of cellphone.

qualified, so long as you wear an expensive watch, an high-class pair of shoes and you
Consumers own high-priced, status-oriented goods to impress others and to convince them of their high
Consumers own high-priced, status-oriented goods to impress others and to convince them of their high
Consumers own high-priced, status-oriented goods to impress others and to convince them of their high
Consumers own high-priced, status-oriented goods to impress others and to convince them of their high
Consumers own high-priced, status-oriented goods to impress others and to convince them of their high
Consumers own high-priced, status-oriented goods to impress others and to convince them of their high
Consumers own high-priced, status-oriented goods to impress others and to convince them of their high

Consumers own high-priced, status-oriented goods to impress others and to convince them of their high social status.

Consumers own high-priced, status-oriented goods to impress others and to convince them of their high social
Consumers own high-priced, status-oriented goods to impress others and to convince them of their high social
Consumers own high-priced, status-oriented goods to impress others and to convince them of their high social
Consumers own high-priced, status-oriented goods to impress others and to convince them of their high social
Consumers own high-priced, status-oriented goods to impress others and to convince them of their high social
Consumers own high-priced, status-oriented goods to impress others and to convince them of their high social
Consumers own high-priced, status-oriented goods to impress others and to convince them of their high social
Consumers own high-priced, status-oriented goods to impress others and to convince them of their high social
• Meaning is in a constant state of flux. • Cultural categories of person that
• Meaning is in a constant state of flux.
• Cultural categories of person that help shape identity are
subject to constant manipulation by individuals, social
groups, and marketing agents.
• Meanings of objects that are used to make visible and
stabilize the categories of culture are also subject to
frequent change through their appropriation in advertising,
in television programming, and among social subgroups.
For example: A teenager who has just purchased his snowboard, the youthful, extreme sports image
For example: A teenager who has just purchased his snowboard, the youthful, extreme sports image

For example:

A teenager who has just purchased his snowboard, the youthful, extreme sports image of snowboarding may soon fade as more people over 40 take up the sport.

his snowboard, the youthful, extreme sports image of snowboarding may soon fade as more people over
•Pets have become parts of the extended self. Pets belong to the top 5 possessions.

•Pets have become parts of the extended self. Pets belong to the top 5 possessions. •Positive relationship between self-esteem and owning pets (Covert et al, 1985) •The dog as “co-therapist” (Levinson, 1962)

relationship between self-esteem and owning pets (Covert et al, 1985) •The dog as “co-therapist” (Levinson, 1962)
relationship between self-esteem and owning pets (Covert et al, 1985) •The dog as “co-therapist” (Levinson, 1962)
Let’s go back to our activity earlier, supposed you were given the chance to return
Let’s go back to our activity earlier, supposed you were given the chance to return
Let’s go back to our activity earlier, supposed you were given the chance to return
Let’s go back to our activity earlier, supposed you were given the chance to return
Let’s go back to our activity earlier, supposed you were given the chance to return
Let’s go back to our activity earlier, supposed you were given the chance to return
Let’s go back to our activity earlier, supposed you were given the chance to return
Let’s go back to our activity earlier, supposed you were given the chance to return

Let’s go back to our activity earlier, supposed you were given the chance to return the objects and choose other things in life that you can put inside your grocery bag, what things would you choose?

return the objects and choose other things in life that you can put inside your grocery
return the objects and choose other things in life that you can put inside your grocery
return the objects and choose other things in life that you can put inside your grocery
return the objects and choose other things in life that you can put inside your grocery
return the objects and choose other things in life that you can put inside your grocery
return the objects and choose other things in life that you can put inside your grocery
Is it for real that a person would find meaning and satisfaction in life if
Is it for real that a person would find meaning and satisfaction in life if
Is it for real that a person would find meaning and satisfaction in life if
Is it for real that a person would find meaning and satisfaction in life if
Is it for real that a person would find meaning and satisfaction in life if
Is it for real that a person would find meaning and satisfaction in life if
Is it for real that a person would find meaning and satisfaction in life if
Is it for real that a person would find meaning and satisfaction in life if

Is it for real that a person would find meaning and satisfaction in life if he/she has an expensive set of clothes? Car? Bag? Awards? Fame?

a person would find meaning and satisfaction in life if he/she has an expensive set of
a person would find meaning and satisfaction in life if he/she has an expensive set of
a person would find meaning and satisfaction in life if he/she has an expensive set of
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Baylan Undin of Agusan del Sur
Baylan Undin of Agusan del Sur
Baylan Undin of Agusan del Sur The Male Babaylan (Asog) Apung Benita of Ayta

The Male Babaylan (Asog)

Baylan Undin of Agusan del Sur The Male Babaylan (Asog) Apung Benita of Ayta

Apung Benita of Ayta

Baylan Undin of Agusan del Sur The Male Babaylan (Asog) Apung Benita of Ayta
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1. Through molding a clay, portray on how your religiosity and/or spirituality can help enhance
1. Through molding a clay, portray on how your religiosity and/or spirituality can help enhance

1. Through molding a clay, portray on how your religiosity and/or spirituality can help enhance your self.

2. For 10 minutes, reflect on your work.

3. In a group of 5, share your work and reflections.

Political Self – an increasing awareness of the deeply dysfunctional and divisive nature of many
Political Self – an increasing awareness of the deeply dysfunctional and divisive nature of many

Political Self an increasing awareness of the deeply

dysfunctional and divisive nature of many of our traditional political and economic institutions

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