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GOST 7566-94

GOST 7566-94
I N T E R S T A T E S T A N D A R D

METAL PRODUCTS
ACCEPTANCE, MARKING, PACKING, TRANSPORTATION
AND STORAGE

Official Edition
English Version Approved by Interstandard

INTERSTATE COUNCIL
FOR STANDARDIZATION, METROLOGY AND CERTIFICATION
Minsk

Reproduced by IHS under license with GOST P


GOST 7566-94
Preface
1 THIS STANDARD IS DEVELOPED by the Ukrainian State Research and
Development Institute of Metals
THIS STANDARD IS SUMBITTED by the State Committee for Standardization,
Metrology and Certification of Ukraine
2 THIS STANDARD IS ACCEPTED by the Interstate Council for Standardization,
Metrology and Certification, October 21, 1994.
Votes in favor:
State National Standards Body
Republic of Azerbaijan Azgosstandart
Republic of Armenia Armgosstandart
Republic of Belorussia Belstandart
Georgia Gruzstandart
Republic of Kazakhstan Gosstandart of the Republic of Kazakhstan
Republic of Kirghizia Kirghizstandart
Republic of Moldova Moldovstandart
Russian Federation Gosstandart of Russia
Republic of Uzbekistan Uzgosstandart
Ukraine Gosstandart of Ukraine
3. By Decree No. 185, dated May 21, 1997, of the State Committee of the Russian
Federation for Standardization, Metrology and Certification Interstate Standard GOST
7566-94 is introduced as a State Standard of the Russian Federation from January 1,
1998.
4. IN PLACE OF GOST 7566-81

© IPK Standards Publishing House, 1997


This Standard may not be reproduced, in full or in part, reprinted or distributed as an official
publication in the territory of the Russian Federation without the permission of Gosstandart of
Russia.
Reproduced by IHS under license with GOST P
GOST 7566-94
Contents
1 Scope .............................................................................................................................. 4
2 Reference documentation................................................................................................ 4
3 Acceptance procedures.................................................................................................... 5
4 Marking .......................................................................................................................... 7
5 Packing ......................................................................................................................... 11
6 Transportation and storage. .......................................................................................... 22
Appendix A ..................................................................................................................... 23

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GOST 7566-94

I N T E R S T A T E S T A N D A R D
METAL PRODUCTS
Acceptance, marking, packing, transportation and storage

Date of Introduction: 01.01.98


1. SCOPE
This Standard establishes the requirements for the acceptance, marking, packing,
transportation and storage of blooms, slabs, billets, including cast and forged sections,
bars, structural shapes, sized and cold-drawn rolled stock, wires, rolled products with a
special surface finish, roll-formed sections, plates, large gauge rolled sections and strips.
2. REFERENCE DOCUMENTATION
This Standard includes references to the following standards:
GOST 9.014-78 ESZKS. Temporary corrosion protection of products. General
technical requirements
GOST 515-77. Bitumenized and tar-impregnated packaging paper. Specifications
GOST 2991-85. Non-demountable wooden crates for cargoes of up to 500 kg.
General technical specifications
GOST 3282-74. General purpose low-carbon steel wire. Specifications
GOST 5530-81. Packaging and industrial fabric. Specifications
GOST 6009-74. Hot-rolled steel strip. Specifications
GOST 8828-89. Base paper and twin-layer water-resistant packaging paper.
Specifications

Official Edition
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GOST 9569-79. Waxed paper. Specifications
GOST 9998-86. Plasticized polyvinyl chloride films for domestic use. General
technical specifications
GOST 10198-91. Wooden cases for cargoes of from 200 to 20,000 kg. General
technical specifications
GOST 10354-82. Polyethylene film. Specifications
GOST 14192-96. Marking of cargoes
GOST 16272-79. Plasticized polyvinyl chloride film for industrial use.
Specifications
GOST 20799-88. Industrial oils. Specifications
GOST 21650-76. Means for fastening piece loads in transportation packages.
General requirements
GOST 26653-90. Preparation of general cargo for transportation. General
requirements
3 ACCEPTANCE PROCEDURES
3.1. Metal products shall be accepted in batches.
3.2. The size of batches and the scope of tests shall be established in the
specifications for specific types of metal products. Batches of metal products shall be
subjected to quality tests and accepted by the manufacturer. Where batches of products
require control of the surface quality and dimensions of each product in the batch,
acceptance may be carried out based on the results of process control and inspection in
the course of manufacturing. In the case of disagreement between the manufacturer and
the customer, metal products shall be accepted in accordance with the requirements of
standards for specific types of products.
3.3. When testing the surface quality of rolled coils (bundles), rolled plate from
continuous mills cut into sheets and roll-formed sections a batch shall be considered as
complying with the requirements of the Standard if the weight of areas failing to comply
with the surface quality requirements of the Standard does not exceed 2 % of the weight
of the batch.
If agreed upon by the customer and the manufacturer, the weight of areas failing to
comply with the surface quality requirements of the Standard shall not exceed 5 % of the
weight of the batch.
If defective surface areas of rolled products are revealed at the customer's and
presented to the manufacturer, the latter shall compensate the customer by an equivalent
amount of rolled products of adequate quality.

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The weight of the cut-out defective areas shall be determined by weighing. The
weight of defective areas may be determined using the procedure outlined in Appendix
A.
3.4. If unsatisfactory results are obtained for any one of the parameters the test
shall be repeated.
The scope of repeated tests shall be as follows:
- For metal products subject to tests by sampling double the number of billets,
blooms, slabs, bars, bundles, sheets, strips or coils shall be tested;
- For metal products subject to complete (piece-by-piece) control repeated tests
shall be carried out with double the number of specimens taken from billets, blooms,
slabs, bars, sheets, strips or coils that failed the test.
3.5. The results of repeated tests shall be extended to the entire batch in the case of
tests by sampling, or to billets, blooms, slabs, bars, sheets, strips, bundles and coils in the
case of complete control.
3.6. If unsatisfactory results are obtained in the repeated tests, the manufacturer
may carry out a complete control of the parameters that failed the tests.
3.7. Each batch of metal products shall be accompanied by a document stating the
following:
- Name and/or trademark of the manufacturer;
- Name of the customer;
- Order number;
- Date of drawing up the quality certificate;
- Grade of steel, group or class of strength;
- Number of smelt or batch if the smelt is divided into batches;
- Name of metal product, size, number of pieces, their total weight; also the sign
"TM" when transporting according to the delivery (calculated) weight, conversion factor
(with rolled sheet the calculated weight of one sheet or of 1 m of length of coiled product
may be stated instead), data on groups and categories of the rolled product in relation to
their properties, surface quality, application, as well as other requirements specified in the
respective specifications;
- Number of regulatory document;
- Chemical composition of steel from ladle samples or finished product;
- Results of all tests including optional parameters at the customer’s request.
Instead of the results of all tests it is permitted to state: "The metal product complies with
the specifications or certificate";

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- Data on heat treatment at the customer’s request;
- Inspection department stamp.
4 MARKING
4.1. Marking shall be applied directly to the metal products if these are not packed,
or on tags if the metal products are packed into packages, bundles, coils, bunches of
bundles or stacks of coils.
4.2. Marking shall be made by impact-branding (manual or mechanical),
electrography, by gluing on water-resistant film tags, using color varnish, indelible dye
compound or paint. Other modes of applying additional color marking may be specified
in the standards for specific types of metal products.
4.3. With metal products that are not packed, marking shall be made at a distance
of not more than 200 mm from the end of each bar, billet (all types), strip, sheet or from
the edge of the sheet, or else on the ends of bars, billets, sheets or on the outer turn of a
coil.
With mechanical on-line marking, marking may be made at other distances from
the ends of metal products, or from the end or edge of sheets, but by no more than 500
mm.
4.4. Two tags shall be fixed to metal products tied up in packages, one tag shall be
fixed to bundles and coils. With metal products tied up in bunches or stacks of coils, one
tag shall be fixed to one of the bundles or coils and the other to the binding of the bundles
or stacks of coils.
The tags shall be securely fixed to the bindings at the side convenient for
inspection, or else placed in a special pocket. If two tags are provided both shall be fixed
to the bindings of packages or coils. The tags shall be made of a material and shall be
secured so as keep the tags intact during transportation and handling of the products. By
agreement between the manufacturer and the customer one tag per package may be
supplied.
4.5. If requested by the customer, two holes may be made in two opposite sides of
the tags, spaced at least 10 mm from the edge along the axis, to be used for securing to
the bindings with wire.
4.6. When packing sheets and wide-gauge rolled stock in packages, marking shall
be applied to the top sheet or strip in each package and on the marking card or tag
securely fixed to the bindings.

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In the case of mechanized marking of plates and strips the marking may be made
on the side edge of the top sheet or strip in each package.
4.7. For sheets and, at the customer’s request, for other rolled stock the area of
marking made by stamping shall be encircled with paint, color lacquer or bitumen.
4.8. The marking of metal products that are not packed, and of metal products tied
up in packages with each item marked separately, of size (diameter, side of square,
thickness, number of shape) of 30 mm or more and of rolled sheet with thickness 4 mm
or more shall include the following data:
- Name and/or trademark of the manufacturer;
- Grade of steel and its conditional designation to be explained in the quality
certificate;
- Number of smelt or its conditional designation to be explained in the quality
certificate;
- Number of batch if the smelt is divided into batches;
- Size (diameter, side of square, thickness, length, width, number of shape).
4.9. The necessity for piece-by-piece marking of metal products tied up in bundles
shall be specified in the specifications for metal products of the given type. In this case
one tag shall be attached per bundle.
4.10. Marking made on the tag (marking card), the top sheet of a stack and the
outer end of a coil shall include the following data:
- Name and/or trademark of the manufacturer;
- Grade of steel and its conditional designation to be explained in the quality
certificate; group or class of strength;
- Number of batch if the smelt is divided into batches; size (diameter, side of
square, thickness, length, width, number of shape);
-Net (actual) weight of a package, bundle, coil or bunch of bundles or stack of
coils. The weight data may be omitted if so approved by the customer;
Sign "TM" to indicate that metal products are supplied according to the delivery
(calculated) weight;
The requirement for other data in the marking may be included in the
specifications. The weight may be stated on a separate tag.
4.11. The marking on tags shall be arranged horizontally or vertically in
accordance with clause 4.10. The procedure for applying additional marking shall be
established in the regulatory document for the given type of metal products.
Transportation marking shall be in accordance with GOST 14192.

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4.12. Marking tags may be made of metal, plastic, wood or water-resistant film; the
recommended ratio of sides shall be from 1:1 to 1:2; the surface area shall be of at least
24 cm . Other ratios of sides are permitted if agreed by the customer.
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4.13. The marking shall be clear, durable and indelible. The figures and letters of
the marking shall be 5 to 20 mm high and 3 to 12 mm wide. On tags, bars with a cross-
section of less than 60 mm and bands less than 50 mm wide the size of letters and figures
shall be from 2 to 4 mm. When paint is used for marking it is permitted to increase the
height of letters and figures to 100 mm and the width to 70 mm. The depth of stamp
marking of metal products shall be agreed upon by the manufacturer and the customer.
4.14. Additional color marking shall be used if so agreed upon by the manufacturer
and the customer.
Color marking with paint shall be applied to the face or end of a package of metal
products in accordance with the requirements of the standards for specific grades of steel.
At the customer’s request, metal products shall be marked additionally at a distance
of at least 300-500 mm from the end of the package of metal products: with a lengthwise
stripe for killed steel and a crosswise stripe for semikilled steel, the color corresponding
to the grade of steel. The length of strip shall be from 100 to 150 mm.
4.15. M a r k i n g o f m e t a l p r o d u c t s fo r e x p o r t
4.15.1. Metal products shall be marked with durable indelible paint applied using a
stencil, or with a tag made of water-resistant film. The language used shall be Russian for
metal products transported to countries participating in the Agreement on International
Cargo Traffic, and English when transported to other countries unless otherwise specified
in the contracts or orders.
4.15.2. Marking shall be applied on two end sides of each cargo piece or, if this is
not possible, on one lengthwise side; for rolled sheets in packets - on one lengthwise side
and one end side.
For rolled sheets on packages marking shall be applied on the top sheet of the
package; for unpacked loose rolled sheets each sheet shall bear the marking.
4.15.3. It is allowed to apply marking to a metal marking card of at least 200 x 290
mm in size and securely fixed to the binding in at least two places.

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4.15.4. If it is not feasible to use paint marking or to attach marking cards directly
to the cargo piece metal tags (export tags) may be attached.
4.15.5. One tag shall be attached to metal products tied up in packs of up to 6 m
long, and two tags, one each end, if the length exceeds 6 m. Two tags shall be attached to
bundles, tied up bundles, coils and coil stacks; bundles of wire rod require just one tag.
4.15.6. Marking tags shall be made of tin-plate, zinc-plated rolled sheet steel, non-
corrosive thin-gauge rolled stock, or of water-resistant film applied to a metal or other
solid backing. The size of marking tags shall be at least 80 x 120 mm and the ratio of
sides shall be 1:1.5.
4.15.7. Marking tags shall be firmly fixed to the bindings with wire or band passing
through the holes at two opposite ends of the tag along the axis and spaced at least 10 mm
from the edge.
4.15.8. Marking applied to rolled stock or tags shall include the following data:
- Name of manufacturer;
- Name of exporting agency;
- Contract-specification;
- Country of destination;
- Size of transported metal products (diameter, side of square, thickness, width,
number of shape, length);
- Grade of steel, group or class of strength - in case of marking tags;
- Smelt number and batch number if smelt is divided into batches;
- Net and gross weight, kg;
- Number of cargo piece (ratio: numerator - ordinal number of the given piece,
denominator - total number of pieces in the given batch).
Note: The scope of marking may be altered as agreed by the manufacturer and the customer.
For bars, structural shapes and rolled sheets or individually-transported billets it is
allowed to mark every tenth piece, but at least two pieces per railway wagon. The number
of smelt and grade of steel, and for slabs also the overall dimensions and calculated
weight, shall be marked by stamping or paint on each product.

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4.15.9. When marking bar stock and structural shapes of all sizes and sized ground
bar stock with a special surface finish of cross-section dimension up to 24 mm inclusive,
the number of items in a piece and the number of cargo pieces may be omitted; it is also
allowed to indicate the approximate weight instead of the "gross" and "net" weight.
When marking rolled plates transported individually the number of cargo piece and
the calculated "net" weight may be omitted.
4.15.10. At the customer’s request, additional color paint markings shall be made.
The color marking shall be made on the packing of cargo pieces or directly on the metal
products on the ends, or on the top row of bars or sheets transported in piles, at a distance
of no less than 500 mm from the end.
The color and type of additional color markings shall be agreed upon by the
manufacturer and the customer.
5. PACKINGS
5.1. Bars, structural shapes, sized and cold-drawn rolled stock, wire and round
stock with a special surface finish, with cross-section dimensions (thickness, diameter,
side of square, maximum dimension for shapes) of up to 50 mm inclusive, shall be tied
up into packages, bundles or bales of bundles; products over 50 mm in size and billets of
all kinds shall be tied up into packages at the customer’s request. Roll-formed sections
shall be tied up into packages.
5.2. The shape of the cross-section of packages of bars, structural shapes, sized
rolled stock, wire, round stock with a special surface finish and roll-formed sections shall
approximate a circle, rectangle or hexagon depending on the size and shape of the cross-
sections of products. Other shapes of cross-sections shall be allowed by agreement
between the manufacturer and the customer.
5.3. When packing metal products of the specified length the ends of items in a
package shall be aligned at one side; the protruding ends at the other side shall not exceed
the limiting deviations in length specified in the specifications for specific types of rolled
stock. The ends at one side may be left unaligned by agreement between the manufacturer
and the customer.
5.4. Sheets with thickness of up to 3.9 mm shall be tied up into packages; if the
thickness exceeds 3.9 mm binding into packages shall be done only at the customer’s
request.
5.5. Each package or bundle shall contain rolled stock of the same batch.
5.6. The weight of packages, coils or unpacked pieces of rolled stock shall not
exceed:
- With manual loading and unloading - 80 kg;

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- With mechanized loading and unloading - 5, 10, 125, 20, 25, 30 or 35 tons as
specified in the order.
Other weight limits may be established for packages, coils, bundles or unpacked
pieces of rolled stock by agreement between the manufacturer and the customer.
Manual handling shall be specified in the order.
5.7. Bars in packages shall be tightly packed and securely bound across every 2-3
m, or every 1-1.5 m at the customer’s request.
Packages of bars with length of up to 6 m inclusive shall be tied up in least at two
places.
5.8. Bundles shall be tied up by two bindings opposite one another; bales of
bundles shall be firmly secured by two or three bindings.
5.9. Sheets and strips in stacks shall be firmly tied up both lengthwise and
crosswise. Pads shall be provided in places where the bindings run over the edges of
sheets and strips. Pads may be dispensed with if sheets and strips are packed on packing
machines or in stacks that are then placed in boxes.
Table 1 below lists the number of crosswise bindings depending on the length of
sheets and strips, and the number of lengthwise bindings depending on the width of the
same.
Table 1
Minimum number of bindings, pcs
Length or width of sheet or Hot-rolled sheet or strip Hot-rolled etched and cold-
strip, mm rolled sheet or strip
Lengthwise Crosswise Lengthwise Crosswise
Up to 800 inclusive 1 1 1 1
From 800 to 2000 inclusive 2 2 2 2
From 2000 to 4000 inclusive 2 3 3 4
From 4000 to 6000 inclusive 2 4 3 6
Over 6000 3 5 4 8
5.10. It is allowed to do without lengthwise bindings of stacks of strips with width
under 0.55 m or length over 8 m, or length over 4.5 m at the customer’s request. The
strips in a stack shall not be displaced during transportation.
At the customer’s request stacks of strips with length over 8 m shall be bound
lengthwise in accordance with table 1.

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5.11. In the case of mechanized on-line packing stacks of hot-rolled sheets may be
tied with only crosswise bindings; the number of these shall be equal to the sum of
lengthwise and crosswise bindings specified in table 1.
5.12. The ends of stacks of sheets and strips shall be at a distance of 0.3 to 0.5 m
from the binding; for bars and structural shapes the spacing shall be within 0.2 to 1.0 m.
5.13. Stacks of sheets of less than 2 mm in thickness and over 2 m long shall be
provided with special wooden (metal) bars or pallets. For sheets of other sizes bars or
pallets shall be provided at the customer’s request.
5.14. Coils shall be wound up tightly, then tied up with one or two circular
bindings, two to six crosswise bindings; a stack of coils shall be tied with two or three
radial bindings. Coils shall be stacked with spacers between them. Coils of cut bands
wound on one reel may be tied up without spacers between the coils.
Hot-wound coils of products with thickness of 4 mm or more, with the outer end
fitting tightly shall be tied up at the customer’s request. By agreement between by the
manufacturer and the customer it is allowed to secure the coils by spot-welding the
external ends without the use of binding straps.
5.15. Binding straps shall be made of metal bands, 0.5 to 2.0 mm thick, up to 30
mm wide in accordance with GOST 6009 or other specifications, or wire rod or wire of
up to 8 mm in diameter in accordance with GOST 3282 or other specifications. The ends
of binding bands shall be connected by means of locks or a double spot-weld seam.
Twisting of the ends of wire rod or wire shall be firm, with at least two or three turns.
If binding machines are used binding shall require one turn, with the ends of wire
rod or wire connected using contact welding or by twisting through one or two turns; the
fastening means shall comply with the requirements of GOST 21650.
It is not permitted to use the bindings for securing hoisting slings when handling
loads.
5.16. P a c k i n g o f r o l l i n g s t o c k fo r e x p o r t
5.16.1. Six modes of packing shall be used depending on the type of metal
products, their size and end use (table 2). The mode of packing shall be specified in the
order.

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Table 2
Packing mode Metal products
Blooms, slabs, billets, bars and shapes with crosswise
1 Pieces packed dimension of 200 mm or more. Rolled plate with thickness of 6
individually mm or more by agreement between the manufacturer and the
customer
Bars and shapes with crosswise dimension of 100 mm or less,
2 Binding roll-formed sections, cold-rolled sections of hot-rolled unetched
billets, rolled sheets and strips up to 12 mm thick, including
unetched products
Roll-formed sections of cold-rolled and etched hot-rolled
3 Oiling and binding billets, etched hot-rolled sheets and strips from 4 to 10 mm
thick
4 Oiling, packing in Etched hot-rolled sheets and strips
boxes and binding
5 Oiling, wrapping in Etched cold-rolled sheets and strips and hot-rolled sheet, sized
water-proof paper, rolled stock, ground rolled stock and bright-polished carbon
packing in boxes and tool steel
binding
6 Wrapping in water- Sized and ground rolled stock, rounds with a special surface
finish, made of corrosion resistant grades of steel, etched hot-
proof paper, packing in rolled sheet up to 6 mm thick inclusive made of corrosion-
boxes and binding resistant steel, rolled sheets and strips made of electrical steel
Note: Bars and shapes with crosswise dimensions from 100 mm to 200 mm and shapes over 200
mm may be transported either as individual pieces or bound up.

5.16.2. The solid containers for packing rolled products may be metal pallets and
boxes or wooden boxes; soft containers may be made of rough fabric, synthetic films or
other materials.

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The weight of metal packing shall not exceed 2.5 % of the weight of metal
products.
With the weight of a stack of sheets under 2 tons and the length of sheets under 4
m the weight of the metal packing shall not exceed 60 kg, with the length from 4 to 6 m it
shall not exceed 90 kg.
5.16.3. Wooden boxes shall be made preferably of air-dried coniferous wood. The
fibers of lumber shall be parallel to the edges. It is not permitted to use boards with
through cracks or knots that are loose in their sockets.
5.16.4. The thickness of boards shall not be less than:
12 mm if the weight of packed products is up to 0.5 tons inclusive;
18 mm if the weight ranges from 0.5 to 1.0 ton inclusive;
25 mm if the weight exceeds 1.0 ton.
5.16.5. The type and design of boxes for metal products weighing up to 0.5 tons
shall be in accordance with GOST 2991 and for heavier products shall be in accordance
with GOST 10198 and other standards or special specifications.
5.16.6. The metal containers used for packing stacks of rolled sheets shall consist
of lower and upper packing sheets and channels (packing sheets bent into the shape of
channels). The thickness of packing sheets shall be from 0.4 to 1.2 mm.
The channels shall overlap the side and end edges of the stacked sheets. The width
of channel flanges shall not be less than 100 mm.
5.16.7. It is permissible to replace the upper packing sheet with a box with the
height of its sides no less than 2/3 of the height of the sheet stack. In this case angles shall
be fitted to the sides and ends, the width of the shelves being at least 3/4 of the height and
at least 50 mm for bending under the bottom of stack. Other modes of packing are
allowed provided they ensure the wholeness and commercial appearance of sheets.
When transporting hot-rolled thin sheets it is permitted to use the top and bottom sheets
as packing, but their weight shall not be included in the weight of transported products.
5.16.8. The metal containers used for packing cold-rolled thin-sheet coils and strips shall
consist of outer and inner cylinders, corresponding in size to the outer and inner diameter
of coils and with height equal to the width of the sheet plus two end covers.
The end covers shall be ring-shaped with circular flanges in the outer and inner circles, so
as to ensure overlapping by at least 100 mm.

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5.16.9. For cold-rolled sheets with width from 500 to 1600 mm and for coiled cold-
rolled strips the outer cylinder and one or more sheets of packing metal may be used as
packing.
If a coil is set vertically on a pallet one end cover may be used; two caps are
required if the coil is placed horizontally.
End covers without circular flanges may be used if the diameter of the outer
packing cylinder exceeds the diameter of the coil by 50 mm, provided the edges of the
cylinder are then bent all around the circumference.
5.16.10. Rough fabric used for packing purposes shall comply with the
requirements of GOST 5530.
5.16.11. Packages, boxes, stacks, coils and bundles shall be bound using packing
tape with a cross-section from 0.6 to 18 mm or from 2.0 to 30 mm. The choice of tape
shall depend on the size and weight of the rolled metal products to be packed. The ends
of the packing tape shall be connected by means of locks or a double spot-weld seam or
any other means ensuring the strength of the joint. The tension of the packing tape shall
ensure tight packing and the commercial appearance of the binding.
5.16.12. Bars and shapes shall be packed using wire or wire rod, 5 to 8 mm in
diameter, in two or three turns or tightly twisting two or three cores.
Rods shall be bound to make packages weighing up to 100 kg, boxes and soft
containers shall also be bound using packing tape, 0.5 to 1.2 mm thick, or two-three turns
of wire, 2-3 mm in diameter, or one-two turns of 4 mm diameter wire. The free ends of
the wire in a twisted joint shall not be longer than 150 mm. The free ends shall be bent to
the surface of the package or stack.
5.16.13. When packing stacks of sheets with binding or oiling and binding, safety
pads shall be placed on the edges of the stack. The pads shall be made of rolled sheet, 0.5
to 1.2 mm thick and 100 to 150 mm wide. When packing coils pads are not necessary.
In the case of mechanized packing of sheets it is allowed to do without safety pads.
5.16.14. Paper used for wrapping metal products and for lining the solid containers
shall be strong, water-proof and with a neutral reaction (acid-free and chlorine-free) in
accordance with GOST 515, GOST 8828, GOST 9569 and other standards or special
specifications.

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5.17. Packing bars and shapes for export
5.17.1. Bars and shapes of size 100 mm and smaller shall be made up into stacks
weighing from 0.1 to 10 tons.
5.17.2. Bars and shapes of size 50 mm and smaller shall be first tied up into stacks
weighing up to 100 kg in accordance with the order.
5.17.3. Bars of size up to 20 mm inclusive may be transported in bundles or
clusters of three to five bundles.
5.17.4. The weight of a cargo piece shall be established according to the order. If
the weight of a cargo piece is not specified in the order it shall be established by the
supplier.
5.17.5. The number of bindings in a stack depending on the length of the products
is indicated in table 3.
Table 3
Minimum number of bindings for various length (m)
Weight of package of products
Up to 4 From 4 to 6 From 6 to 9 From 9 to 12
inclusive inclusive inclusive inclusive
Stack weight 0.1 to 10 t 2 3 4 5
Clusters of stacks weighing 0.1 to n
10 t inclusive, first packed in (2 +2) (3 n+3) (4n+4) (5 n+5)
stacks weighing up to 100 kg
Note: "n" is the number of stacks in a cluster; the figure to power "n" is the number of bindings
on a stack; the "plus figure” is the number of bindings in a cluster.

5.17.6. Bars with a section of up to 25 mm and length over 12 m may be


transported in a folded (pin-like) state if the order so specifies.
5.17.7. Bundles weighing up to 150 kg shall be bound in at least at two points;
bundles over 150 kg shall be bound in at least at four points.
Bundles weighing over 150 kg may be transported with only two bindings if the
goods are delivered directly to the customer, without reloading, and if stated in the order.
5.17.8. The cross-section of a stack of bars or shapes shall approximate the form of
a circle, rectangle or hexagon, depending on the shape and size of the cross-section of
products.

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GOST 7566-94
5.17.9. When transporting metal products of variable length left after rolling the
feed the pieces shall be aligned at one end of the stacks.
5.17.10. When transporting metal products of fixed length and multiples of fixed
length the pieces shall be aligned at one side of the stacks; the ends protruding at the
other side shall be within the length tolerances specified in the specifications for the
specific type of metal product.
In the case of forged metals variation in the protruding ends at one side of the stack
is allowed within 250 mm.
5.18. P a c k i n g s i z e d , c o l d - r o l l e d a n d g r o u n d m e t a l
p r o d u c t s a n d r o l l e d p i e c e s w i t h a s p e c i a l s u r fa c e fi n i s h
fo r e x p o r t
5.18.1. Sized, cold-rolled and ground metal products and rolled pieces with a
special surface finish, with cross-section dimensions of up to 24 mm inclusive, shall be
packed in wooden boxes; the same applies to metal products with cross-section
dimensions over 24 mm at the customer’s request. The weight of one cargo piece shall
not exceed 1 ton.
In the case of wide-gauge ground sheets and coils the weight of one cargo piece
shall be established by agreement between the manufacturer and the customer.
Rolled pieces of size over 24 mm shall be bound in stacks and packed in soft
containers. The weight of one cargo piece shall not exceed 5 tons. The weight of stacks
shall be specified in the order.
Sized and cold-rolled metal products transported in bundles shall be packed in soft
containers. By agreement between the manufacturer and the customer the weight of one
cargo piece shall not exceed 2.5 tons.
It is allowed to pack bundles of sized or cold-rolled metal products in one layer of
polyvinyl chloride film in accordance with GOST 9998 and GOST 16272 or polyvinyl
chloride film in accordance with GOST 10354.
The mode of packing shall guarantee the wholeness of products during
transportation and storage under any climatic conditions including tropical ones.
By agreement with the exporting organizations it is permissible to pack and
transport sized bars of diameter up to 24 mm in soft containers made of synthetic film.
5.18.2. Depending on the length of the packed piece of cargo the number of
bindings shall comply with the requirements specified in table 3; in the case of metal
products in bundles and clusters it shall be in accordance with clause 3.17.7.

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GOST 7566-94
5.19. P a c k i n g o f r o l l e d s h e e t s a n d s t r i p s fo r e x p o r t
5.19.1. Rolled sheets may be transported as individual pieces and in stacks or coils.
Strips may be transported in pieces bound up in stacks, coils or clusters of coils.
The mode of packing shall correspond to the requirements of table 2.
5.19.2. Rolled plates with thickness over 10 mm shall be transported individually
or in stacks as ordered by the customer. By agreement between the manufacturer and the
customer rolled plates with thickness of over 6 mm may be transported individually or in
stacks.
The weight of a stack shall not exceed 5 tons, the height - 600 mm.
The weight of a stack under 5 tons shall be specified in the order.
The weight of a stack of wide-gauge rolled stock shall not exceed 10 tons and shall
be established by the supplier unless specified in the order.
5.19.3. By agreement between the manufacturer and the customer rolled plates with
thickness of 6 mm or more may be transported individually or in stacks weighing up to
10 tons.
5.19.4. Stacks of cold-rolled and etched hot-rolled small-gauge sheets and strips
weighing up to 5 tons shall be tied up with crosswise bindings of packing tape at two
places prior to being placed in solid containers, or three places if the weight exceeds 5
tons.
5.19.5. Metal containers and wooden boxes containing rolled sheets or strips shall
be tightly bound with packing tape.
The number of bindings of packed rolled sheets shall not be less than that specified
in table 4 below.
By agreement between the manufacturer and the customer manual packing is
allowed, with the use of special appliances that ensure the durability of packing and the
joining of the ends of packing tape with durable metal clamps.
Table 4
Number of Number of crosswise
Sheet width, mm lengthwise Sheet length, mm bindings
bindings
Up to 1000 inclusive 2 Up to 1000 inclusive 2
Over 1000 3 From 1000 to 2000 3
inclusive
From 2000 to 4000 4
inclusive
From 4000 to 6000 6
inclusive

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GOST 7566-94
5.19.6. Depending on the length of stacks of etched hot-rolled sheets the number of
bindings of stacks shall not be less than that specified in table 5 below.
Table 5
Sheet length, mm Number of bindings
Crosswise Lengthwise
Up to 4000 inclusive 3 2
From 4000 to 6000 inclusive 4 2
Over 6000 5 3
5.19.7. In the case of mechanized on-line packing it is allowed to tie up stacks of
unetched hot-rolled sheets with only crosswise bindings, if the number of these is equal to
the sum of lengthwise and crosswise bindings indicated in table 5.
5.19.8. Metal stacks of cold-rolled sheets of less than 3 mm in thickness and etched
hot-rolled sheets of less than 5 mm in thickness and stacks of unetched hot-rolled sheets
of less than 2 mm in thickness, with width of 1 m or more or length 1.5 m or more shall
be fixed to wooden slide rails with lengthwise and crosswise bars of cross-section (70 to
110 mm) x (70 to 130 mm) beveled at the ends. The length of bars shall be less than that
of the packed sheets by 140-200 mm.
The number of lengthwise and crosswise bars shall be taken as equal to the
minimum number of lengthwise and crosswise bindings for packages or stacks as
indicated in tables 4 and 5.
With sheets of less than 1 m wide or less than 1.5 m long the number of lengthwise
and crosswise bars shall not be less than two.
When transporting rolled sheets of other sizes bars shall be provided at the
customer’s request.
Crosswise bars may be replaced with wooden planks with cross-section (20 to 40
mm) x (100 to 150 mm). In this case the length of the lengthwise bars shall be equal to
that of the sheets.
5.19.9. Small-gauge cold-rolled sheets and coiled strips shall be packed in solid
containers. Coiled strips of electrical steel may be packed in soft containers.
5.19.10. Coiled cold-rolled and hot-rolled metal products shall be securely bound
with steel packing tape along the circumference and in the radial directions. The
minimum number of circular bindings is specified in table 6 and the minimum number of
radial bindings in table 7.

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GOST 7566-94
Table 6
Coil width, mm Number of bindings
Up to 500 inclusive 1
From 500 to 1250 inclusive 2
Over 1250 3
Note: By agreement between the manufacturer and the customer coiled hot-rolled sheet
weighing up to 7.5 kg with width up to 1000 mm may have one or two circular bindings.

Table 7
Inner diameter of coil, mm Number of bindings
Up to 600 inclusive 2-3
Over 600 3-4
Note: By agreement between the manufacturer and the customer coiled hot-rolled sheet
weighing up to 7.5 kg may have two to six radial bindings .
5.19.11. In the case of mechanized packing of coils it is allowed to have only radial
bindings, the number of which shall be equal to the sum of the minimum circular and
radial bindings.
5.19.12. Coiled strip shall be packed in stacks. Circular spacers shall be placed
between coils of cold-rolled strip.
The number of radial bindings for each stack shall be as indicated in table 7. Coils
of cut strip wound on one reel may be packed without spacers.
5.19.13. Packed coils of cold-rolled and etched hot-rolled small-gauge sheet steel
and stacks of coils shall be placed vertically or horizontally on wooden pallets or slide
rails and securely fixed with packing tape:
- Horizontally-set coils - three bindings around the outer diameter, two radial
bindings passing through the central hole;
- Vertically-set coils and stacks of coils - four radial bindings running through the
central hole.

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GOST 7566-94
5.20. C o r r o s i o n p r o t e c t i o n o f r o l l e d m e t a l p r o d u c t s fo r
export
5.20.1. If specified in specifications for specific types of metal products, these shall
be protected against corrosion using oils, greases or inhibitors in accordance with GOST
9.014 or industrial oil in accordance with GOST 20799.
By agreement between the manufacturer and the customer it is allowed to use other
oils, greases and inhibitors provided these prevent the metal from corroding.
5.20.2. With rolled metal products that are oiled, by agreement between the
manufacturer and the customer, it is allowed to do without oiling, or else to oil only the
ends of coils, stacks or clusters of coils.
Corrosion resistant steels and alloys shall be oiled only at the customer’s request.
5.21. The corrosion protection of metal products for local market shall comply with
the specifications for specific types of rolled stock.
5.22. Additional requirements regarding packing and forming of cargo pieces shall
correspond to the specifications for specific types of metal products.
5.23. When packing metal products in containers the latter shall be returned to the
supplier.
6 TRANSPORTATIONS AND STORAGE
6.1. Metal products shall be prepared for transportation in accordance with GOST
26653.
6.2. Metal products may be transported by any means of transportation in
compliance with the rules of transportation effective on the given type of transport and
with the regulations on loading and fastening cargoes.
6.3. Metal products may be transported in open or closed railway wagons.
Additional requirements for transportation and storage shall be specified in the
specifications for particular types of metal products.
6.4. When transporting metal products by air it is necessary to take account of the
permissible unit load on the cargo deck floor of the aircraft.
6.5. Rolled metal products may be stored in open and closed warehouses.

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GOST 7566-94
APPENDIX A
(Recommended)
PROCEDURE FOR DETERMINING THE WEIGHT OF SECTIONS OF
ROLLED STOCK WITH SURFACE DEFECTS
The weight of sections of rolled products with surface defects is calculated below
by assuming the spacing of defects to be more or less than 3 m.
The spacing or interval of 3 m was chosen based on the possible conditions of use
of the rolled products after cutting out the defective sections.

Fig A.1
A.1. With defects spaced more than 3 m apart the weight of sections of rolled
products may be calculated using the formula:

(A. 1)
where:
B is the width of rolled sheet, mm;
S is the thickness of rolled sheet, mm;
li is the maximum size of defect, mm;
n is the number of defects;
γ is the density of steel, g/cm .
3

A.2. With defects spaced less than 3 m apart the weight of sections of rolled products
may be found as follows:

(A.2)
where L is the distance from the start of first defect to the end of last defect, mm.

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GOST 7566-94
OKP 08 7010
(All-Union
UDC 669.015:658.788.5+621.796 МКС 77.120 B09 Product
Classification
Code)
Keywords: metal products, acceptance, marking, packing, transportation and storage,
requirement, batch, packs, bundles, coils, marking, tag, cluster, binding, container, unit
load

Editor L. I. Nakhimova
Technical Editor O. N. Vlasova
Proof-reader M. I. Pershina
Computer Layout A. N. Zolotarevoy

Reproduced by IHS under license with GOST P


GOST 7566-94
AMENDMENTS INSERTED INTO INTERSTATE STANDARDS
В. METALS AND METAL PRODUCTS
Group B09
Amendment No. 1 to GOST 7566-94 Metal Products. Acceptance, Marking,
Packing, Transportation and Storage
Adopted by Interstate Council on Standardization, Metrology and Certification
(Protocol No. 16, dated 08.10.99)
Registered by ICS Technical Secretariat No. 3640
Votes in favor:
State National standards body
Republic of Belarus Belstandart
Republic of Kazakhstan Gosstandart of Republic of Kazakhstan
Republic of Moldova Moldovstandart
Russian Federation Gosstandart of Russia
Republic of Tadjikistan Tadjikgosstandart
Turkmenistan Head State Inspectorate of Turkmenistan
Ukraine Gosstandart of Ukraine
Section 1. The text: “rolled products with special surface finish” shall be replaced
with the text: “round rolled products with special surface finish (including the ground
ones)”.
Section 2. The reference to GOST 14192-77 shall be replaced with the reference to
GOST 14192-96.
Clause 3.4. The last paragraph after the text “bar” shall be supplemented with the
text “bundle”.
Clause 4.2. The text “other mode” shall be replaced with the text “a mode”.
Clause 4.6. The first paragraph shall be reworded as follows:
“When packing sheets and wide-gauge rolled stock in packages, marking shall be affixed
on the top sheet and strip of each package, or on marking card (tag) strongly attached to
package bands”.
Clause 4.8. The third paragraph. The text “steel grade and” shall be replaced with
the text “steel grade or”.
Clause 4.10 shall be supplemented with new paragraph (after the third one):
“– tap number and its conventional designation with explanation in quality
certificate”.
Clause 4.11. The last paragraph shall be removed.
Section 4 shall be supplemented with clause 4.11a:
“4.11a Transport marking shall be in accordance with GOST 14192”.

Reproduced by IHS under license with GOST P


GOST 7566-94
Clause 4.13. The text: “shall be from 2 to 4 mm» shall be replaced with the text:
“shall be of 4 mm high and 2 mm wide”.
Clause 4.15.2. The first paragraph. The text: “for rolled sheets in packets - on one
lengthwise side and one end side” shall be removed.
Clause 5.10. The first paragraph after the text “under 0.55 m” shall be
supplemented with the text “and wide-strip roll stock – less than 1.0 m wide”.
Clause 5.12. The text: “from 0.3” shall be removed.
Clause 5.14. The first paragraph. The text: “one or two circular bindings, two to
six” shall be replaced with the text: one or two circular bindings, or two to six”;
The following paragraph (after the second one) shall be added: “By agreement
between the manufacturer and the customer it is allowed to establish the number of bands
of hot-wound coils less than 4 mm thick and with the outer end fitting tightly”.
Clause 5.16.1. Table 2. Column “Metal products”, point 1, shall be reworded as
follows:
“Bars and shapes with crosswise dimension of 200 mm or more, blooms, slabs,
billets, and rolled sheets of more than 12 mm thick”;
point 3. The text: “from 4 to” shall be removed;
point 4 shall to reworded as follows:
“Etched rolled sheets and strips”;
point 5. Replace the text:“ bright-polished carbon tool steel” with the text: “rounds
with a special surface finish”.
Clause 5.16.2. The first paragraph. The texts: “solid” and “soft containers may be
made of” shall be removed;
Point 5.16.11 up to the text “The choice of tape” shall be reworded as follows:
“Packages, boxes, stacks, coils and bundles shall be bound using packing tape with
the thickness from 0.6 to 2.0 mm and the width from 18 to 30 mm”.
Clause 5.18. The text: “ground metal products and” shall be supplemented with the
text: “round”.
Clause 5.18.1. The first paragraph. The text: “ground metal products and” shall be
supplemented with the text: “round”.
the third and fourth paragraphs. The text “soft” shall be removed;
the last paragraph. The text “soft” shall be removed.
Clause 5.18.2. Replace “3.17.7” with “5.17.7”.
Clause 5.19.8. The first paragraph. Replace the text: “of less than 5 mm in
thickness” with “of less than 2 mm thick (of less than 5 mm by agreement between the
manufacturer with the consumer”; “shall be less than” with “shall be equal or less than”;
the following paragraph (after the first one) shall be added:
“When packing cold-rolled sheets on wooden slide rails with crosswise bars, the
length of lengthwise bars may be up to 100 mm shorter than the packaging sheet.
Clause 5.19.10. Table 6. The note shall be reworded as follows:
“N o t e : One or two circular bindings are allowed for coiled hot-rolled sheet
weighing up to 7.5 kg of 1 m wide”;
Table 7. The note shall be reworded as follows:
“N o t e : Two to six radial bindings are allowed for coiled hot-rolled sheet weighing
up to 7.5 kg of 1 m wide”;
Appendix A. Formula A.1 and explication. Replace designation li with designation ln .
(IUS {Standards Information Catalog} No. 6, 2001)

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