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LEARNING OUTCOME SUMMARY

Learning Outcome 1 Assemble Computer Hardware

Contents:
1. Occupational Health and Safety procedures.
2. Tools, Equipment and Testing Devices in PC Systems Servicing.
3. Major Hardware Components of a Computer System.
Assessment Criteria:
1. Unit assembly is planned and prepared to ensure OHS policies and
procedures are followed in accordance with systems requirements
2. Materials necessary to complete the work are identified and obtained
in accordance with established procedures and checked against
systems requirements
3. Tools, equipment and testing devices needed to carry out the
installation work are obtained in accordance with established
procedures and checked for correct operation and safety.
4. Computer hardware is assembled in accordance with established
procedures and systems requirements
5. Basic-input-output-system (BIOS) configuration is performed in
accordance with hardware requirements.

Conditions:
Trainees will be provided with the following:
1. OHS guidelines and policies.
2. PC specifications
3. Network designs
4. Books/magazines
5. Manuals
Methodology:
1. Lecture-demonstration
2. Self-paced instruction
3. Group discussion

Assessment Method:
1. Hands-on
2. Direct observation
3. Practical demonstration

Date Developed: Document No. NTC-CSS-CORE01


CBLMs on Computer Systems July 30, 2017 Issued by:
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LEARNING EXPERIENCES
Learning Outcome 1

Assemble Computer Hardware

Learning Activities Special Instructions

1. Read Information Sheet 1.1-1


on Occupational Health and
Safety Procedures
2. Answer Self-Check 1.1-1
Check your answer using the
Answer Key 1.1-1
3. Read Information Sheet 1.1-2
on Tools, Equipment and Testing
Devices in PC Systems Servicing This Learning Outcome discusses
4. Answer Self-Check 1.1-2 the Occupational Health and
Safety Procedures.
Check your answer using the
Answer Key No. 1.1-2
5. Perform Task Sheet 1.1-2 You will be required to list the
on Inventory of tools, materials tools and equipment in PC
and equipment in PC systems assembly and disassembly.
servicing
Performance criteria checklists
6. Evaluate performance using are self-evaluation tools. Use
performance criteria checklist these tools to evaluate your own
1.1-2 performance or output before
7. Read Information Sheet 1.1-3 showing them to your facilitator.
on Major Hardware Components
of a Computer System
8. Answer Self-Check 1.1-3
Check your answer using the
Answer Key No. 1.1-3

9. Perform Job Sheet 1.1-3


on Computer Assembly/ Disassembly

10. Evaluate performance using


performance criteria checklist
1.1-3

Date Developed: Document No. NTC-CSS-CORE01


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INFORMATION SHEET 1.1-1

Occupational Health and Safety Procedures

Learning Objectives:

After reading this information sheet, you must be able to:

1. understand what is Occupational Health and Safety (OHS)


procedures.

2. apply OHS policies and procedures in assembling a computer


hardware.

Occupation Health and Safety refers to the legislation, policies,


procedures and activities that aim to protect the health, safety and
welfare of all people at the workplace. The purpose of the Health and
Safety policies and procedures is to guide and direct all trainees to work
safely and prevent injury, to themselves and others.

Your Responsibilities

You have responsibilities to:

1. protect your own Health and Safety and that of your co-trainees;
2. not initiate or participate in the harassment of another trainees; and
3. Cooperate with your trainer and anyone else with duties under the
regulation.

Your Rights

The legislation gives your three rights:

1. the right to know the hazards at work area and how to control them;

2. the right to participate in Occupational Health and Safety;

3. the right to refuse work which you believe to be unusually dangerous.

Date Developed: Document No. NTC-CSS-CORE01


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12 Occupational Health and Safety procedures in the Computer
Laboratory

 Do not work alone so that there's someone who can take care of you
in case of emergency.

 Always power off the computer and unplug the computer before
working on it.

 Take away any liquid near your working area to avoid getting
electrocuted or accidentally damaging computer parts.

 Be careful with tools that may cause short circuit.

 Always ground or discharge yourself before touching any part of the


computer.

 Do not use excessive force if things don't quite slip into place.

 Clean the area before and after using it to maintain sanitation and
prevent accidents.

 Hold the components on the edges and do not touch the Integrated
Circuit (IC) parts.

 Always wear personal protective equipment (PPE) in accordance with


the organization's OHS procedures and practices.

 Make sure that the pins are properly aligned when connecting a cable
connector.

 Contingency measures during workplace accidents, fire and other


emergencies are recognized.

 Use brush, compressed air or blower in cleaning the computer system.

Workplace hazards

Employers have a responsibility to protect workers against health and


safety hazards at work. Workers have the right to know about potential

Date Developed: Document No. NTC-CSS-CORE01


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hazards and to refuse work that they believe is dangerous. Workers also
have a responsibility to work safely with hazardous materials.

Health and safety hazards exist in every workplace. Some are easily
identified and corrected, while others create extremely dangerous situations
that could be a threat to your life or long-term health. The best way to
protect yourself is to learn to recognize and prevent hazards in your
workplace.

There are four main types of workplace hazards:

Physical hazards are the most common hazards and are present in most
workplaces at some time. Examples include: frayed electrical cords,
unguarded machinery, exposed moving parts, constant loud noise,
vibrations, working from ladders, scaffolding or heights, spills, tripping
hazards.

Ergonomic hazards occur when the type of work you do, your body
position and/or your working conditions put a strain on your body. They are
difficult to identify because you don’t immediately recognize the harm they
are doing to your health. Examples include: poor lighting, improperly
adjusted workstations and chairs, frequent lifting, repetitive or awkward
movements.

Chemical hazards are present when you are exposed to any chemical
preparation (solid, liquid or gas) in the workplace. Examples include:
cleaning products and solvents, vapours and fumes, carbon monoxide or
other gases, gasoline or other flammable materials.

Biological hazards come from working with people, animals or infectious


plant material. Examples include: blood or other bodily fluids, bacteria and
viruses, insect bites, animal and bird droppings.

Date Developed: Document No. NTC-CSS-CORE01


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Self- Check 1.1-1

Identification. Answer the following questions.

1. It is the legislation, policies, procedures and activities that aim to protect

the health, safety and welfare of all people at the workplace.

2. What will you use in cleaning computer system?

3. It occur when the type of work you do, your body position and/or your

working conditions put a strain on your body.

4. It comes from working with people, animals or infectious plant material.

5. Give 4 types of hazards.

Date Developed: Document No. NTC-CSS-CORE01


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Answer Key 1.1-1

1. Occupation Health and Safety

2. Brush, compressed air or blower

3. Ergonomic hazards

4. Biological hazards

5. Ergonomic hazards, Physical hazards, Biological hazards and


Chemical hazards

Date Developed: Document No. NTC-CSS-CORE01


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INFORMATION SHEET 1.1-2

Tools, Equipment and Testing Devices in PC Systems


Servicing

Learning Objectives:

After reading this information sheet, you must be able to:

1. list and identify tools and equipment in performing PC assembly


and disassembly.

2. know and understand the difference between tools, materials and


equipment.

Use the Right Tool for the Job

Whenever possible, use the tool designed to do the job at hand. This
might seem obvious to most of you, but don’t use a knife when you need a
screwdriver. Don’t use a screwdriver designed for large heads on small-head
screws. Using the wrong tool for a job can cost you both in time and
equipment. Bleeding all over a motherboard you just sliced into would just
add insult to injury, so avoid it!

Tools

Devices that can be used to produce or achieve something, but that is


not consumed in the process.

e.g. screwdrivers, CD Installers

Equipment

Set of devices assembled for a specific purpose.

e.g. system unit, monitor, printer


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Materials
The part or element of which a thing is made or composed. Anything
which can be replaced.
e.g. volts, drives, cables

Common ESD Protection Devices

ESD protection devices help to ensure a longer and more productive


life for your PC components. These devices include antistatic wrist and
ankle straps, antistatic mats, antistatic floor mats, and antistatic bags.
Antistatic devices make your body’s electrical potential the same as the
electrical potential of your PC or component.

Everything has a certain electrical potential, or how charged it is


relative to the zero ground of the Earth. Note the term relative. If your body
has a +3000-volt charge and you touch a component that also has a +3000-
volt charge (working in the International Space Station, perhaps?), no
damage will occur. As far as you and the component are concerned, you’re
at the same electrical potential. Touch a component that has a –3000-volt
charge, on the other hand, and watch the sparks fly!

One of the most important steps you can take to prevent the effects of
ESD is grounding yourself before you handle PC components. Do this by
touching a metal surface such as the exterior of the PC power supply before
touching any of your system components.

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Antistatic Wrist and Ankle Straps

Antistatic wrist and ankle straps,


fondly called “nerd bracelets” by many
techs, keep you at the same relative
electrical ground level as the computer
components on which you’re working.
Antistatic straps wrap around your wrist
or ankle with an elastic strap attached to
a long grounding wire. On some models, the grounding wire attaches to a
metal clip that you attach to a metal device to ground yourself. The figure
here shows an antistatic wrist strap grounded to a computer chassis. Others
have a prong that you plug into the ground wire of an electrical wall outlet.

Antistatic wrist and ankle straps use a one-megohm resistor that is


suitable for protection against only very low-level static electricity. They are
unsuitable as protection against high voltage and can even make high-
voltage shocks more dangerous! Make sure that you always remove your
antistatic strap before working on or near high-voltage components.

By the way, don’t forget to remove your antistatic strap before walking
away from your work area!

Antistatic Mats

Portable antistatic mats


provide a work surface that
dissipates ESD. They look much like
large place mats or those baby-

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changing mats that come with diaper bags. The thing that distinguishes
them is that they have a small metal clip that you can attach to an antistatic
strap to ground out ESD. In addition to helping prevent ESD, these mats
help keep your work area organized by giving you a place to put your tools
and components while you work.

Antistatic Floor Mats

Antistatic floor mats are basically the same as portable antistatic


mats, except much larger. Instead of placing them on top of your work area,
you place your work area on top of the antistatic floor mat.

Antistatic Bags

Antistatic bags have a special coating or


contain small filaments that help dissipate any
static charge. Always store adapter cards and
drives in antistatic bags when not in use and
when transporting—even if you’re just going down
the hall or across the room. Note that regular
plastic or paper bags will not protect your components. In fact, plastic
baggies conduct static electricity rather than prevent it, so don’t use them!

Special antistatic sprays dissipate static charges built up in your


clothing. Commonly used to prevent unsightly static “cling,” they are also
good to use before you start working on PCs. Some folks also use these
sprays to try to protect their work areas from the effects of ESD, but this is
not an effective or recommended procedure. Never use these sprays directly
on your components!

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Hand Tools

A hand tool is a device for performing work on a material or a


physical system using only hands. Hand tools can be used manually or
electrically powered, using electrical current. Examples of Hand Tools are as
follows:

Table 1. Hand Tools

Tool Description

Flat Head Screwdriver – Used to loosen or tighten slotted


screws.

Philips Head Screwdriver – Used to loosen or tighten cross-


head screws.

Torx Screwdriver - Used to loosen or tighten screws that


have a star-like depression on the top, a feature that is
mainly found on laptop.

Hex Driver – Sometimes called a nut driver, is used to


tighten nuts in the same way that a screwdriver tightens
screws.

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Needle-Nose Pliers – Used to hold small parts.

Wire Cutter – Used to strip and cut wires.

Tweezers – Used to manipulate small parts.

Part Retriever – Used to retrieve parts from location that is


too small for your hand to fit.

Flashlight – Used to light up areas that you cannot see


well.

Cleaning Tools

Having the appropriate cleaning tools is essential when maintaining or


repairing computers. Using these tools ensures that computer components
are not damaged during cleaning. Examples:

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Table 2. Cleaning Tools

Tools Description

Lint-free Cloth – Used to clean different computer


components without scratching or leaving
debris.

Compressed Air – Used to blow away dust and debris from


different computer parts without touching
the components.

Cable Ties – Used to bundle cables neatly inside and


outside of a computer.

Parts Organizer – Used to hold screw, jumpers, fasteners


and other small parts and prevents them
from getting mixed together.

Diagnostic Tools

Computers are easier to use and more dependable with each new
generation of hardware and operating system update, but that does not
mean they are problem-free. Here are the most popular tools for diagnosing
your computer problems:

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Table 3. Diagnostic tools

Tools Description

Multimeter – Used to test the integrity of circuits and


the quality of electricity in computer components.

Loopback Adapter – Used to test the functionality of


computer ports.

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Self- Check 1.1-2

Identification. Answer the following questions.

1. Devices that can be used to produce or achieve something, but that is


not consumed in the process.

2. Used to test the integrity of circuits and the quality of electricity in


computer components.

3. Used to clean different computer components without scratching or


leaving debris.

4. It is a device for performing work on a material or a physical system


using only hands.

5. Used to blow away dust and debris from different computer parts without
touching the components.

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Answer Key 1.1-2

1. Tools

2. Multimeter

3. Lint-free Cloth

4. hand tool

5. Compressed Air

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TASK SHEET 1.1-2

Learning Outcome : Assemble Computer Hardware

Task : Inventory of Tools, Materials and Equipment

Learning Objective : Giving one Learning Outcome of the competency of


your qualification, you should make an inventory of
tools, materials and equipment.

Supplies/Materials & Equipment:

Hand tools and Cleaning tools


Desktop Computer and System Unit

Steps/Procedure:

1. Prepare all your reference materials and PC.


2. Identify the area or location, tools, equipment, and PC to be included
in the inventory.
3. Fill up all items in blank template #1.
4. Call the attention of your trainer who will guide you and check your
work after doing this task.

Assessment Method:

Portfolio Assessment using the Performance Criteria Checklist.

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Template for Inventory of tools, materials and equipment in
PC Systems Servicing

Inventory of Tools, Materials and Equipment in


PC Systems Servicing

Area/Section Station/Bldg

In-Charge

Equipment Materials Tools

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Performance Criteria Checklist 1.1-2

CRITERIA
YES NO
Did you….

1. Did the trainee unplugged properly the cables?

2. Did the trainee removed properly the hardware


components of a system unit?

3. Did the trainee use proper tool in performing the


PC disassembly?

4. Did the trainee perform the PC Disassembly well?

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INFORMATION SHEET 1.1-3

Major Hardware Components of a Computer System

Learning Objectives:

After reading this information sheet, you must be able to:

1. know hardware and software related problems;

2. be knowledgeable with the different preventive maintenance


products.

It is very important to know the different components of a computer


system. These are the hardware, software and peopleware. Each component
plays an important role, without each other computer systems will not work
properly.

Hardware- the physical, touchable, electronic and mechanical parts of a


computer system.

A. Major hardware components of a computer system

The following list represents a basic set of hardware found in most PCs.

1. System Unit- The main part


of a microcomputer, sometimes
called the chassis. It includes the
following parts: Motherboard,
Microprocessor, Memory Chips,
Buses, Ports, Expansion Slots
and Cards.

Figure 1. Tower Type System Unit

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2. Motherboard / Mainboard / System Board- The main circuit board of a
computer. It contains all the circuits and components that run the
computer.

Figure 2. Modern Motherboard


3. CPU (Central Processing Unit) - The
processor is the main “brain” or “heart”
of a computer system. It performs all of
the instructions and calculations that
are needed and manages the flow of
information through a computer.

Figure 3. Examples of CPU (Intel


Core 2 Duo and AMD Athlon)

4. Primary storage- (internal storage, main memory or memory) is the


computer's working storage space that holds data, instructions for
processing and processed data (information) waiting to be sent to secondary
storage. Physically, primary storage is a collection of RAM chips.

Two (2) Types of Memory

a. ROM – (Read Only Memory) ROM is non-volatile, meaning it holds


data even when the power is ON or OFF.
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b. RAM – (Random Access Memory) RAM is volatile, meaning it holds
data only when the power is on. When the power is off, RAM's
contents are lost.

Figure 4. Examples of RAM


5. Expansion Bus - A bus is a data pathway between several hardware
components inside or outside a computer. It does not only connect the parts
of the CPU to each other, but also links the CPU with other important
hardware.

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Figure 5. Expansion Bus
6. Adapters- Printed-circuit boards (also called interface cards) that enable
the computer to use a peripheral device for which it does not have the
necessary connections or circuit boards. They are often used to permit
upgrading to a new different hardware.

Figure 6. Adapter (Network Adapter)

7. Power Supply Unit (PSU) - Installed in the back corner of the PC case,
next to the motherboard. It converts 120vac (standard house power) into DC
voltages that are used by other components in the PC.

Figure 7. Power supply

8. Hard Disk Drive (HDD) - Also known as hard drive, is a magnetic storage
device that is installed inside the computer. The hard drive is used as
permanent storage for data. In a Windows computer, the hard drive is

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usually configured as the C: drive and contains the operating system and
applications.

Figure 8. Power supply


9. Optical Drive- An optical drive is a storage device that uses lasers to read
data on the optical media. There are three types of optical drives: Compact
Disc (CD), Digital Versatile Disc (DVD) and Blu-ray Disc (BD).

Figure 9. CD ROM

10. Digital Versatile Disc (DVD) - Designed to optically access data stored
on a DVD. A laser moves back and forth near the disk surface and accesses
data at a very fast rate.

Figure 10. CD ROM

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B. Input Devices - Accepts data and instructions from the user or from
another computer system.

Two (2) Types of Input Devices

1. Keyboard Entry – Data is inputted to the computer through a keyboard.

Keyboard - The first input device developed for the PC. Data is
transferred to the PC over a short cable with a circular 6-pin Mini-din
connector that plugs into the back of the motherboard.

Figure 11. Keyboard

2. Direct Entry – A form of input that does not require data to be keyed by
someone sitting at a keyboard. Direct-entry devices create machine-
readable data on paper, or magnetic media, or feed it directly into the
computer’s CPU.

Three Categories of Direct Entry Devices

1. Pointing Devices - An input device used to move the pointer (cursor) on


screen.

 Mouse - The most common 'pointing device' used in PCs. Every mouse
has two buttons and most have one or two scroll wheels.

Figure 12. Mouse


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 Touch screen- A display screen that is sensitive to the touch of a finger
or stylus. Used in myriad applications, including ATM machines, retail
point-of-sale terminals, car navigation and industrial controls. The touch
screen became wildly popular for smart phones and tablets.

Figure 13. Touch Screen Devices


 Light Pen - A light-sensitive stylus wired to a video terminal used to
draw pictures or select menu options. The user brings the pen to the
desired point on screen and presses the pen button to make contact.

Figure 14. Light Pen

 Digitizer Tablet - A graphics drawing tablet used for sketching new


images or tracing old ones. Also called a "graphics tablet," the user
contacts the surface of the device with a wired or wireless pen or puck.
Often mistakenly called a mouse, the puck is officially the "tablet cursor."

Figure 15. Digitizer Tablet


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2. Scanning Devices- A device that can read text or illustrations printed on
paper and translates the information into a form the computer can use.

Figure 16. Image scanner

Figure 17. Bar Code Reader


3. Voice- Input Devices - Audio input devices also known as speech or
voice recognition systems that allow a user to send audio signals to a
computer for processing, recording, or carrying out commands. Audio input
devices such as microphones allow users to speak to the computer in order
to record a voice message or navigate software.

Figure 18. Microphones

C. Output Devices - Any piece of computer hardware that displays results


after the computer has processed the input data that has been entered.

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1. Computer Display Monitor- It displays information in visual form, using
text and graphics. The portion of the monitor that displays the
information is called the screen or video display terminal.

Types of Monitor
a. RT Monitors - Cathode Ray Tubes (CRT) were the only type of displays
for use with desktop PCs. They are relatively big (14" to 16" deep) and
heavy (over 15 lbs).

Figure 19. Cathode Ray Tube Monitor

b. LCD Monitors - Liquid Crystal Display (LCD) technology has been used
in laptops for some time. It has recently been made commercially
available as monitors for desktop PCs.

Figure 20. Liquid Crystal Display Monitor

c. LED Monitors (Light Emitting Diode) - A display and lighting technology


used in almost every electrical and electronic product on the market,

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from a tiny on/off light to digital readouts, flashlights, traffic lights and
perimeter lighting.

Figure 21. Light Emitting Diode Monitor

2. LCD Projectors- utilize two sheets of polarizing material with a liquid


crystal solution between them. An electric current
passed through the liquid causes the crystals to
align so that light cannot pass through them. Each
crystal, therefore, is like a shutter, either allowing
light to pass through or blocking the light.

Figure 22. LCD


Projector

3. Smart Board - A type of display screen that has a touch sensitive


transparent panel covering the screen, which is similar to a touch screen.

Figure 23. Smart Board

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4. Printer - A device that prints text or illustrations on paper.

Types of Printer

 Ink-Jet or Bubble-Jet Printer - prays ink at a sheet of paper. Ink-jet


printers produce high-quality text and graphics.

Figure 24. Ink- Jet Printer

 Laser Printer - Uses the same technology as copy machines. Laser


printers produce very high quality text and graphics.

Figure 25. Laser Printer


 LCD and LED Printer- Similar to a laser printer, but uses liquid crystals
or light-emitting diodes rather than a laser to produce an image on the
drum.

Figure 26. LCD Printer


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 Line Printer - Contains a chain of characters or pins that print an entire
line at one time. Line printers are very fast, but produce low-quality
print.

Figure 27. Line Printer

 Thermal Printer- An inexpensive printer that works by pushing heated


pins against heat-sensitive paper. Thermal printers are widely used in
calculators and fax machines.

Figure 28. Thermal Printer

5. Speakers - Used to play sound. They may be built into the system unit or
connected with cables. Speakers allow you to listen to music and hear
sound effects from your computer.

D. Ports - External connecting sockets on the outside of the computer. This


is a pathway into and out of the computer. A port lets users plug in outside
peripherals, such as monitors, scanners and printers.

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Type of Port Function Illustration

Serial Port Intended for serial type


mouse and older camera

Parallel Port Also called as printer port.


This is only for old model
printer. It has 25 pins. It is a
female port.

VGA (Video Used to connect monitors. It


Graphic Array) has 15 pins and it is a female
Port port.

USB (Universal High speed serial interface


Serial Bus) that is used with almost all
Port devices. It is used to connect
latest model printers, pen
drives, cell phones etc. it has
4 pins.

PS/2 Port Simple, 6-pin, low-speed


serial connections commonly
dedicated to a keyboard and
mouse.

Power Port Intended for power cord.

S-Video Port S-Video connections are


available on certain source
components and video
display devices, and offer a
higher level of video
performance over composite
video signals.

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Audio Port Intended for plugging in the
speaker or headset.

LAN (Local A physical interface often


Area used for terminating twisted
Networking) pair type cables used to
Port connect computers onto a
local-area networks (LAN),
especially Ethernet RJ-45
connectors

E. Cables and Wires- A cable is most often two or more wires running side
by side and bonded, twisted or braided together to form a single assembly,
but can also refer to a heavy strong rope.

Table 2. The Cables and Connectors

Illustration Function

These jacks are intended for the


PS/2 port specifically for PS/2 type
of keyboard and mouse.

This type of jack is intended for the


audio and microphone port.

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S-video jack is obviously for S-Video
port

This monitor jack is intended for the


VGA (Video Graphic Array) port

This USB (Universal Serial Bus) plug


is intended for USB port. Modern or
new model of peripherals like printer,
camera, scanners and even other
portable computer attachments used
USB type of plugs.

This printer cable jack is intended for


the parallel port.

RJ45 ("RJ" in RJ45 stands for


"registered jack," since it is a
standardized networking interface
and the "45" simply refers to the
number of the interface standard) is a
type of connector commonly used for
Ethernet networking.

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Power cord is the most important
cord because it connects the
computer to the main source of
electricity to make it functional.

Software is the set of instructions (also called a program) that guides the
hardware to operate effectively. Software can be split into two main types:

1. System Software – Any software required to support the production or


execution of application programs, but which is not specific to any
particular application. Common operating systems include Windows, the
Macintosh OS, OS/2 and UNIX.

LINUX
MAC

WINDOWS

2. Application Software – Designed to help the user to perform singular or


multiple related tasks. Examples of application software are as follows:

a. Word processing software - Creates, edits, saves, and prints


documents. Example: MS Word, WordPerfect, Ami Pro, MacWrite.

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b. Spreadsheet software - An electronic spreadsheet consisting of rows
and columns is used to present and analyze data. Example: MS Excel,
Lotus 123, Quattro Pro.

c. Database management software - Used to structure a database, a large


collection of computer programs. Data is organized as fields and records
for easy retrieval. Example: MS Access, dBase, Fox Pro, Oracle.

d. Graphic software - Graphics programs display results of data


manipulation for easier analysis and presentation. Example: Macromedia
Flash, Harvard Graphics, 3D Studio Max, Adobe Photoshop

Peopleware - Refers to people involved in the data processing operations


such as the system administrator, office workers, students and others.

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Self- Check 1.1-3

Answer the following questions

1. Designed to help the user to perform singular or multiple related tasks.

2. Refers to people involved in the data processing operations such as the


system administrator, office workers, students and others.

3. Used to connect monitors. It has 15 pins and it is a female port.

4. Intended for plugging in the speaker or headset.

5. It is the main “brain” or “heart” of a computer system.

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Answer Key 1.1-3

1. Application Software

2. Peopleware

3. VGA

4. Audio port

5. CPU

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JOB SHEET 1.1-3

Learning Outcome : Assemble Computer Hardware

Task : Computer Assembly/ Disassembly

Learning Objective : After reading Information Sheet 1.1-3, you must be


able to perform PC assembly and disassembly.

Supplies/Materials & Equipment:

System unit
Template, inventory of tools, materials and equipment
Pencil/pen, bond paper, manual of procedures

Steps/Procedure:
Step 1: The first thing you do, is unplug every cable that's plugged in to your
computer. That includes the following cables:
 Power
 USB
 Mouse
 Keyboard
 Ethernet
 Modem

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Step 2: Removed both side panels.

Step 3: Remove the system fan

Step 4: Next, remove the CPU Fan

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Step 5: Once everything is unplugged, unscrew the four screws holding the
power supply in place, on the back of the computer. Next, push the power
supply from the outside, then lift it out.

Step 6: First, unplug the ribbon from the


back of the drive. Once that is completed,
pull on the tab securing the drive in place,
then push it out from the inside.

Step 7: Remove the screws on the occupied card slots. Once the screws are
removed, you should be able to remove the
cards by pulling them carefully upward.

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Step 8: To remove the RAM, push down on both tabs holding the RAM in place,
which are located at both ends of the RAM. Please see the pictures.

Step 9: The motherboard has seven screws holding it to the frame, which are
indicated by large white circles around them. Remove those seven, then lift the
motherboard out of the frame.

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Step 10: Done!

Assessment Method:

Portfolio Assessment using the Performance Criteria Checklist.

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Performance Criteria Checklist 1.1-3

CRITERIA
YES NO
Did you….

1. Did the trainee unplugged properly the cables?

2. Did the trainee removed properly the hardware


components of a system unit?

3. Did the trainee use proper tool in performing the


PC disassembly?

4. Did the trainee perform the PC Disassembly well?

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BIBLIOGRAPHY

K to 12 Basic Education Curriculum Technology and Livelihood Education

LearningModule.http://www.depedbataan.com/resources/9/k_to_12_pc_ha

rdware_servicing_learning_module.pdf

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hardware.html (Jun 25, 2014)

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https://www.tutorialspoint.com/operating_system/operating_system_tutori

al.pdf

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and-their-examples

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setup-guide.pdf

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/in/6177r-in004_-en-p.pdf

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f%20-

%20%20HW%20za%20PCje%20%20film%20Modherboard,%20IDE,Modem.

BIOS,opti%E8ni%20diski%20%20CD%20ob%20knjigi%20OPRAVKA%20RA

%C8%20MRE%8EA/Chapter13.pdf

http://www.redbooks.ibm.com/redpapers/pdfs/redp4396.pdf

http://www.wikihow.com/Install-PowerPoint

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http://www.dummies.com/computers/for-seniors-how-to-defragment-your-

computer-hard-drive/

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