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HOMEWORK 5 FOR MATH 2250 - MODEL SOLUTION

(1) (4 pts) A rock thrown vertically upward from the surface of the moon at a ve-
locity of 24 m/sec (about 86 km/h) reaches a height of s = 24t − 0.8t2 m in t
sec.
(a) Find the rock’s velocity and acceleration at time t.
ds
velocity: v(t) = = 24 − 1.6t (m/s).
dt
dv
= −1.6 (m/s2 ).
acceleration: a(t) =
dt
(b) How long does it take the rock to reach its highest point?
At highest point, v(t) = 0.
24
v(t) = 24 − 1.6t = 0 ⇒ t = = 15.
1.6
It takes 15 seconds to reach the highest point.
(c) How high does the rock go?
s(15) = 24 · 15 − 0.8(15)2 = 180.
Answer: 180 m.
(d) How long does it take the rock to reach half its maximum height?
The highest point is 180, so the half of it is 90.
s(t) = 24t − 0.8t2 = 90 ⇒ 0.8t2 − 24t + 90 = 0 ⇒ 4t2 − 120t + 450 = 0.
If you solve this equation by using quadratic formula,
√ √ √
120 ± 1202 − 4 · 4 · 450 120 ± 7200 30 ± 15 2
t= = = .
8 8 2
Or if you use a calculator,
√ √
30 − 15 2 30 + 15 2
≈ 4.39, ≈ 25.61.
2 2
Answer: 4.39, 25.61 sec.
(e) How long is the rock aloft?
It is aloft until s(t) = 0 again.
24
s(t) = 0 ⇒ 24t − 0.8t2 = 0 ⇒ t(24 − 0.8t) = 0 ⇒ t = 0 or t = = 30.
0.8
Answer: 30 sec.

Date: February 18, 2012.

1
2 HOMEWORK 5 FOR MATH 2250 - MODEL SOLUTION

dy
(2) (2 pts) Find of
dx
cos x
y= .
1 + sin x
d d
dy (1 + sin x) dx cos x − cos x dx (1 + sin x)
= 2
dx (1 + sin x)
(1 + sin x)(− sin x) − cos x cos x − sin x − sin2 x − cos2 x
= =
(1 + sin x)2 (1 + sin x)2
− sin x − 1 −(1 + sin x) 1
= = = − .
(1 + sin x)2 (1 + sin x)2 1 + sin x

dp
(3) (2 pts) Find of
dq
p = (1 + csc q) cos q.
dp
p = cos q + cot q ⇒ = − sin q − csc2 q.
dq
Or
dp d d
= (1 + csc q) cos q + cos q (1 + csc q)
dq dq dq
= (1 + csc q)(− sin q) + cos q(− csc q cot q)
1 1 cos q
= (1 + )(− sin q) + cos q(− )
sin q sin q sin q
cos2 q
= − sin q − 1 − = −1 − sin q − cot2 q.
sin2 q
Or, you can rewrite it as
1
− sin q − 1 − cot2 q = − sin q − 2 = − sin q − csc2 q.
sin q