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IX. THE LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT

A. Legislative Power Defined

B. Classifications of Legislative Powers

C. Limitations to Legislative power

D. Constitutional Restrictions on Legislative Power

E. Bicameral v. Unicameral

F. The Senate

G. The House of Representatives

1. The District Representatives

*Aldaba v. COMELEC, 611 SCRA 137 --LICUDAN

*Baguilat vs. Alvarez, July 25, 2017 --SANTOS

2. The Party-List Representatives

*AtongPaglaum, Inc. v. COMELEC, GR no. 203766, April 2, 2013 --BAUTISTA


*Lico v. COMELEC, September 29, 2015 --PARAJAS

H. Apportionment of Legislative Districts

*Aquino v. COMELEC, April 7, 2010 --TADENA

*Aldaba v. COMELEC, Jon. 25, 2010 *Navarro v. Ermita, Feb. 10, 2010 --MARTINEZ

I. Qualifications

*Jalosjos v. COMELEC, April 24, 2012 --FELIPE

*Mitra v. COMELEC, Jan 25, 2010 --BUYUCAN

*Togolino v. HRET, March 19, 2013 --ACOD

*Rornualdez-Marcos v. COMELEC, 248 SCRA 300 --BOSOEN

*Aquino v. COMELEC, 248 SCRA 400 --JOSUE

*Coquina v. COMELEC, GR No. 151914, July 31, 2002 --PAKYO

J. Term of Office

*Abundo v. COMELEC, January 8, 2013 --DELA CRUZ

K. Election

L. Salaries

*Phil Constitution Association v. Gimenez, 15 SCRA 479 --SISON

M. Parliamentary Immunities

*Polore v. Defensor Santiago, 597 SCRA 1 --TANGALIN

*People v. Jalosjos, G.R No. 132875, Feb. 3, 2000 -- ORATE

*Trillanes IV v. Judge Pimentel, G.R No. 179817, June 27, 2008 --GUITERREZ

*Trillanes IV v. Judge Castillo-Marigomen, March 14, 2018 -- BACTOL

N. Conflict of Interest

0. Incompatible and Forbidden Offices

*Liban v. Sen. Gordon, GR No. 175352, January 18, 2011 -- MISLANG


P. Inhibitions and Disqualifications

*Garcia v. Executive Secretary, 677 SCRA 750 -- MABUTAS

Q. Sessions

R. Officers

S. Quorum

*Padilla vs. Alvarez, July 25, 2017 --GONNZALO

T. Discipline of Members

*Paredes v. Sandiganbayan, GR No. 118364, Aug. 10, 1995 --BAY-AN

*Defensor-Santiago v. Sandiganbayan, G.R No. 128055, April 18, 200 --RILLORAZA

U. Journals

*Tolentino v. Secretory of Finance, 235 SCRA 630 --BANGSILAN

V. Adjournment

W. Electoral Tribunals

*Brillantes v. COMELEC, 432 SCRA 269 (2004) --ESGUERRA

X. Commission on Appointments

*Drilon v. De Venecia, 594 SCRA 749 --BATAY-AN

Y. Organization

*Arroyo v. De Venecia, G.R No. 127255, June 26, 1998 --FRANCISCO

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X. POWERS OF CONGRESS

A. Law-Making

*People v. Siton, 600 SCRA 476 --BATE

B. Legislative Inquiries
*Sabio v. Gordon, 504 SCRA 704 (2006) --PALMA

*Senate of the Phil. V. Ermita, 488 SCRA 1; 495 SCRA 170 --NELMIDA

*Gudani v. Senga, 495 SCRA 671 & 498 SCRA 671 --CUISON

*Neri v. Senate Committee on Accountability of Public Officers, 564 SCRA 152 --DELA ROSA

*Balag v. Senate of the Philippines, G.R No. 234608, July 3, 2018 --DELA PENA

C. The Power of Appropriation

*Belgica, et. al. v. Honorable executive Secretary Ochoa, et. al., GR No. 208493 (Nov. 19, 2013) --ATILLO

*Araullo, et. al. v. Aquino Ill, et. al., GR No. 209135 (July 01, 2014) --LICUDAN

*TESDA v. COA, G.R No. 196418, Feb. 10, 2015 --SANTOS

*COMELEC v. Judge Quijano-Padilla, et. al., Sept. 8, 2002 --BAUTISTA

* Mandanas v. Ochoa, July 3, 2018 -- GONZALO

*Dela Cruz v. Ochoa, January 23, 2018 --TADENA

D. The Power of Taxation

*Tan v. Del Rosario, 237 SCRA 324 --MARTINEZ

*Planters Products, Inc. v. Fertiphil Corp., 548 SCRA 485 --FELIPE

E. The Power of Concurrence

F. The War Powers

G. Referendum and Initiative

XI. THE EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENT

A. Executive Power

B. Qualifications, Election and Term

*Defensor-Santiago v. Ramos, 253 SCRA 559 --BUYUCAN

*Macalintal v. PET, GR No. 191618, Nov. 23, 2010 --ACOD

*Pimentel, Jr. v. Committee of Congress to canvass votes for Pres. and Vice Pres., G.R No. 163783, June 22, 2004 --BATAY-AN
C. The Vice-President

D. Succession

*Estrada v. Macapagal-Arroyo, GR No. 146738, March 2, 2001 --JOSUE

E. Perquisites and Inhibition

*Civil Liberties Union v. Executive Secretary, 194 SCRA 317 --PAKYO

*Puna v. Acting Secretary Alberto Agra, G.R No. 191644, February 19, 2013 --BOSOEN

*Republic v. Sandiganbayan, GR no. 152154, July 15, 2003 F. Executive Privilege --SISON

*Senate v. Ermita, 488 SCRA 1 G. Presidential Immunity --TANGALIN

*Estrada v. Desierto, G.R No. 146710-15, March 2, 2001 *Gloria v. CA, G.R No. 119903, August 15, 2000 --PARAJAS

*Lagman v. Pimentel, February 6, 2018 --GUITERREZ

*Zabal vs. President of the Philippines, February 12, 2019 --BACTOL

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XII. POWERS OF THE PRESIDENT

A. The Executive Power

*National Artist for Literature Virgilio Almario v. The Executive secretary, GR No. 189028, July 16, 2013 --MISLANG

B. The Appointing Power and Removal Power

*Banda v. Ermita, 6 i8 SCRA 488 --MABUTAS

*In re: Appointment of Hon. M. Valenzuela, Am No. 98-5-01-SC, Nov. 9, 1998 --ORATE

*Pimentel v. Ermita, GR No. 164978, Oct. 13, 2005 --BAY-AN

*De Castro v. JBC, GR No. 191002, March 17, 2010 --RILLORAZA

*Domingo v. Rayata, GR No. 155831, Feb. 18, 2008 --BANGSILAN

C. The Control Power

*Drilon v. Lim, 235 SCAR 135 --ESGUERRA


*Banda v. Executive Sec. Ermita, GR No. 166620, April 20, 2010 --DELA CRUZ

*Pichay v. Office of the Deputy Executive Secretary for Legal Affairs, GR No. 196425, July 24, 2012 --FRANCISCO

*DENR v. DENR region XII Employees, GR No. 149724, August 19, 2003 --BATE

*Hontiveros-Baraquel v. Toll Regulatory Board, GR no. 181293, Feb. 23, 2015 * --PALMA

DatuZaldyAmpatuan v. Hon. Puno, GR no. 190259, June 7, 2011 --NELMIDA

D. The "Take-Care" Clause power

*Biraogo v. The Phil. Truth Commission of 2010, 637 SCRA 78 E. The Military Power --CUISON

*Kulayan v. Gov. Abdusakar Tan, 675 SCRA 482 (2012) --DELA ROSA

*Gonzales v. Abaya, 498 SCRA 445 (2006) --DELA PENA

*Sanlakas v. Executive Secretary, 421 SCRA 656 (2004) --ATILLO

*David v. Arroyo, GR No. 171396, May 3, 2006

*Lagman v. Executive Secretary, GR No. 231658 --BATE

*OP v. Zamora, August 15, 2000 --SANTOS

*Lacson v. Perez, GR No. 147780, May 10, 2001 --BAUTISTA

*Lagman v. Pimentel, February 6, 2018 --GONZALO

*Lagman v. Medialdeia, February 19, 2019 --TADENA

F. The Pardoning Power

G. The Borrowing Power

H. The Diplomatic Power

I. The Budgetary Power

*Gonzales v. Narvasa, 177 SCRA 668 --MARTINEZ

J. The Informing Power

K. Other Powers

*Marcos v. Manglapus, 177 SCRA 668 --FELIPE


L. The Vice-President

*Borja v. COMELEC, 295 SCRA 157

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XIII. THE JUDICIAL DEPARTMENT

A. Judicial Power

*Petitioner Organizations v. Executive Secretary, 669 SCRA 49 --BUYUCAN

*Villavert v. Desierto, GR No. 133715, February 13, 2000 --ACOD

*lfurung vs. Ombudman, April 24, 2018 --BATAY-AN

*Genuino v. De Lima April 17, 2018 --JOSUE

*PHAPI vs. Medialde, November 6, 2018 --PAKYO

B. Appointments and Qualifications

C. The Judicial and Bar Council

*Chavez v. JBC, 679 SCRA 579 --BOSOEN

*De Castro v. JBC, GR No. 191002, March 17, 2010 --SISON

D. Fiscal Autonomy

*Bengson v. Drilon, 208 SCRA 133 --TANGALIN

E. The Supreme Court

*In re Appointment of Mateo Valenzuela, 298 SCRA 408 --PARAJAS

F. Rule-Making Power

*In re: Request for Creation of a Special Division, A.M No. 02-1-09-SC, January 21, 2002 --GUITERREZ

*Vivares v. St. Theresa's College, G.R No. 202666, Sept. 29, 2014 --BACTOL

*Infant Julian Yusay Carom v. Segui, G.R No. 193652, Aug. 5, 2014 --MISLANG

*Letter of Atty. Cecilia Y. Arevalo, Jr., requesting exemption from payment --MABUTAS
G. En Banc Cases

H. Division Cases

I. The Judicial Inquiry

*Apex Mining Co., inc. v. Southeast Mindanao Gold Mining Corp. , 605 SCRA 100 --ORATE

*CJ Renato Corona v. Senate of the Philippines, GR No. 200242, July 17, 2012 -- BAY-AN

*Araullo v. Benign° Aquino Ill, GR No. 209287, July 1, 2014 --RILLORAZA

J. Justiciability

*CSC v. Moralde, August 15, 2018 --BANSILAN

*Pagdangan vs. Court of Appeals, September 5, 2018 --ESQUERRA

*Labay vs. Sandiganbayan, July 23, 2018 --DELA CRUZ

K. Effects of a Declaration of Unconstitutionality (Operative Fact Doctrine)

*Tan v. Barrios, 190 SCRA 686 --FRANCISCO

*Gayo v. Verceles, 452 SCRA 504 --LICUDAN

L. Powers

*Re: 1989 Election of the IBP, 178 SCRA 398 --PALMA

*Republic of the Phils v. Maria Lourdes Sereno, GR No. 237428, May 11, 2018 --NELMIDA

M. Administrative Supervision of Courts

*Fuentes v. Office of the Ombudsman-Mindanao, 368 SCRA 36 --CUISON

N. Tenure of Judges

*People v. Gacott, 246 SCRA 52 --DELA ROSA

0. Consultations of the Court

*City Government of Tagaytay v. Guerrero, 600 SCRA 33 --DELA PENA

*Linkaichong v. COMELEC, 594 SCRA 434 --ATILLO

P. Salaries
Q. Periods of Decision

*Malacora v. CA, 117 SCRA 435 --BATE

*In re: Problems of Delays in cases before the Sandiganbayan, A.M No. 00-8-05-SC, Nov. 8, 2001 --SANTOS

*Spouses Marcelo v. Judge Pichay, AM No. MTJ-13-1838, March 12, 2014 --BAUTISTA

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XIV. CONSTITUTIONAL COMMISSIONS

*Brillantes v. Yorac, 192 SCRA 358 --GONZALO

*Funa v. The Chairman, COA, 670 SCRA 579 --TADENA

*Funa v. CSC, G.R No. 191672, Nov. 25, 2014 --MARTINEZ

*Gaminde v. COA, GR No. 140335, Dec. 13, 2000 --FELIPE

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XV. THE CIVIL SERVICE COMMISSION

*PAGCOR v. CA, 202 SCRA 191 --BUYUCAN

*Casino Labor Association v. CA, 554 SCRA 323 --ACOD

*UP v. Regino, 221 SCRA 598 --BATAY-AN

*DOH v. NLRC, 251 SCRA 700 --JOSUE

*CSC v. CA, GR No. 185766, Nov. 23, 2010 --PAKYO

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XVI. THE COMMISSION ON ELECTIONS

*Geronimo v. Ramos, 135 SCRA 435 --BOSOEN

*BANAT Partylist v. COMELEC, 595 SCRA 477 --SISON


*GMA v. COMELEC, GR No. 205357, Sept. 2, 2014 --TANGALIN

*SWS v. COMELEC, GR No. 147571, May 5, 2001 --PARAJAS

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XVII THE COMMISSION ON AUDIT

*Delalana v. The Chairperson, COA, 665 SCRA 176 --GUITERREZ

*Yap v. COA. 619 SCRA 154 --BACTOL

*Pacete v. Acting Chairman or the COA, 185 SCRA 1 --MISLANG

*Albon v. Fernando. 494 SCRA 141 --MABUTAS

*Funa v. MECO. GR No. 193462, Feb. 4, 2014 --ORATE

*Nacion v. COA, GR No. 204757 march 17, 2015 --BAY-AN

*PhilHealth v. COA. August 4, 2018 --RILLORAZA

*Bayani v. COA. December 4, 2018 --BANGSILAN

*Geronimo v. COA, December 4, 2018 --ESGUERRA

*Fernando v. COA, December 4, 2018 --DELA CRUZ

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XVIII. ACCOUNTABILITY OF PUBLIC OFFICERS

A. The Principle of Public Office is a Public Trust

B. Distinction between a Public Office and Contract

C. Impeachment

*Corona v. Senate of the Philippines, GR No. 200242, July 17, 2.012 --FRANCISCO

*Gutierrez v. House of Representatives Committee on Justicve, GR no. 193459, Feb. 15, 2011 --LICUDAN

*Acop v. Office of the Ombudsman, 248 SCRA 566 --PALMA


*Lastimosa v. Vasquez, 243 SCRA 497 --NELMIDA

D. Sandiganbayan and the Ombudsman

*Disini v. Sandiganboyan, GR No. 180564, June 22, 2010 --CUISON

E. III-Gotten Wealth

F. Restriction of Loans

G. Statement of Assets, Liabilities and Net Worth

H. Allegiance to the State and to the Constitution

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(IX. ACADEMIC FREEDOM)

*University of San Agustin, Inc. v. CA, 230 SCRA 761 --DELA ROSA

*Ateneo De Manila v. Capulong, 222 SCRA 644 --DELA PENA

*University of San Carlos v. CA, 166 SCRA 570 --ATILLO

*UP Board of Regents v. CA and Coline, GR No 134625, August 31, 1999 --LICUDAN * RESERVED FOR THOSE WHO NEED BETTER RECIT

*Cudia v. PMA, GR No 211362, Feb. 24, 2015 --LICUDAN * RESERVED FOR THOSE WHO NEED RECIT