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NOTRE DAME OF SALAMAN COLLEGE INC.

Founded in 1965 by the Oblates


Owned by the Archdiocese of Cotabato
Managed by the Diocesan Clergy of Cotabato (DCC)
“Service for the Love of God through Mary”
(B.E.S.T)
Amare Est Servire

DETAILED LESSON PLAN


Lesson 14 : Bones and Muscles

I. Objectives
1. Describe the functions of the bones and muscles.
2. Identify common bone injuries and diseases.
3. Demonstrate first aid measures for common bone injuries and diseases.

II. A. Materials
Materials specified in the the LM (Lesson 14, Activity 1-5)
Learners’ Materials (Lesson 14, Activity1-5)
Chart of important concepts; diagram/illustrations showing the different
bones and muscles diseases placed on manila paper or
illustration board.

B. References:
Lozada, Buena A and Agusto T. Mendoza. Science for daily use 4,JICA
Enterprises, Marikina, philipines,2002
Amelia M.boac. the amazing world of science 4, salesiana books. Makati
city philipines, 2011

C. Process skills: observing, describing, comparing, inferring

D. Value integration:
Care of physically challenged persons practice good posture
Note: Below are suggested question for the development of values.
How will you help a classmate with disability?
If you were to choose your groupmates to perform a dance number, will
you a classmate with disability related to bones and muscles? Why?
How will you assist your schoolmates with physical disabilities?
III. Learning Tasks:
TEACHERS ACTIVITY LEARNERS ACTIVITY
A. Engagement
(Motivation).
1.Prayer ……..
2.Greetings GOOD MORNING/AFTERNOON

3.Energizer PLEASE ALL STAND FOR


ENERGIZER

4.Checkingof
attendance OK! WHO IS ABSENT TODAY?

5.Checkingof
DO YOU AN ASSIGNMENT
assignment
CLASS?

6.Review
WHAT WAS OUR TOPIC LAST
.Tell the pupils to
YESTERDAY ?
follow your
instructions. Say:
Simon says… (do some
Say: Simon says… (do some
movements, ask the
movements, ask the pupils to
pupils to touch their
touch their toes, arms high,
toes, arms high, bend
bend kness, etc.)
kness.)
3.Finally, let them
pretend that they have
no bones.
4.After the activity,
start the lesson by
asking the following
questions:
What would we
look like if we have no
bones in our body?
What parts of your
body do you use in
doing different actions
like
clapping, standing,
bending and others?
B.Exploration:
1. divide the class into
five groups.
2.introduce the
activities. Let them do
the following activities
Group I:
Lesson 14: LM
Activity I-A “What is
the function of the
backbone
Group II:
Lesson 14: LM
Activity I-B “What is
inside the skull of the
chicken?”
Group III:
Lesson 14: LM
Activity II-A “How
muscles, joints, and
bones work together
Group IV:
3.Let each group
answer all the
questions in their
assigned activity.
4.Guide the pupils as
they perfom the activity
particularly on the
handling of cooked
chicken head. Pupils
will remove the flesh
from the head. Let them
cut slowly the chicken
head lengthwise (closely
supervise pipils who are
working with knives.)
C. Explanation:
1. Ask a representative of
each group to share
their answers and
results of the different
activities.
2. Ask: how do you feel
about the activity?

Activity I-A ( No, because it had no support)


1. Was the paper doll able
to stand on its own?
Why? the wire served as the support
2. What role did the wire of the paper doll.
play when it was
attached to the paper
doll?
3. What happened when it can be bent in different
you bent the wire in directions. ( bones or backbone)
different directions?
)
4. Can you feel the
backbone of your
partner ? (it maintains structure and form
5. What role does the and support body from falling.)
backbone offer in
bending?

. (it is very soft)


Activity I-B
1 .Describe what is
inside.
(it is very delicate)
2.Base on its
texture, why must it be
covered?

Conclusion: the
bones support the body
and protect the internal
organs

Activity II-A
1.How many bones
(Two or more bones are
are involved in the
involved in movement.)
movement?
2.Are the bones
connected to each (Yes.)

other?
3. What covers (they are covered with

these bones muscles.)


4 .How do muscles (They expand and contract to
help the bones to move? help the muscles move.)
5.In summary, (joints lessen the impact of two
describe how the bones, or more bones. Muscles expand
muscles, and joints and contract to aid movement
work together to of two or more bones. Bones
help you move. provide support for movement.)

.
Activity II-B
1.What helps your (our muscles and joints help us
fingers bones move as write.)
your write?
2.Do your bones and (Yes)
muscles work together?(
3.Can you control the (Yes, because I can move it if I
movement of your arms like to.)
and legs?
4.Can you control the (No, but I can hold my breathe
beating of your heart? for a seconds.)
5.Give examples of (walking, running, raising
actions that you cannot hands, and others.)
control.
6.Give examples of (churning of food by stomach,
actions that cannot heart contraction)
control.
7.When are muscles (Voluntary muscles are
voluntary? Involuntary? attached to bones and can be
Activity III. A.ribcage controlled while involuntary
B. skull C. backbones D. muscles are controlled by the
pelvic bones nervous system and cannot be
controlled consciously:)
Pelvic bone

1.What are the


bones that protect ribcage)
the internal organs?
2.Which set of bones
protect the lungs brain)
and liver?
3.What organ is
protected by the (support the body when you sit)
skull?
4.What is the
function of pelvic
bones?
3.Discuss the bones, joints,
and muscles. Then ask guide
question for comprehension.
4.Ask the following:
What are the important
bones in our body?
What is the function of
skull? Ribs? Ball-and-sockets?
Backbones?
Why is our body made up of
different types of bones and
muscles?
How are bones connected?
What are the functions of
muscles?
.

Background information for teachers

Bones, joints, and muscles

The skull helps protect the brain, ball-and-socket joints are the ones
found in our shoulder and hip joints. The backbones protect the spinal cord. The
ribs form a protective cage around the heart and lungs. The pelvic bones support
our body when we sit.
The bones in our body are also connected is called joint. Our joints and
muscles allow our bones to move. The movements of our body originate in our
joints.
Muscles enable our body to move. They also give shape and forms to our
body and protect delicate organs. Muscles and voluntary or involuntary.

D.Elaboration:
1. Group the pupils, and ask them to perform a dance step of
their choice.
2. Ask them to prepare a list of set of bones that works together as
they dance.
3. What is the importance of the bones, joints, and muscles
working together?
E.Evaluation:
1. Let the learners perform another activity as an application of
the concepts learned. Retain the same grouping used in the
previous activities. Do “ do lesson 14 LM activity. Guide the
pupils while they are doing the activity.
2. Let the pupils demonstrate the good posture in standing,
sitting, picking, objects on the floor.

IV. Assignment:
Write a slogan showing concerns to children with disabilities.

Prepared by: MARK JOED S. LETIGIO,BEED2


STUDENT TEACHER