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DESIGN OF SINGLE PHASE SINE WAVE PWM PARALLEL INVERTER

USING MICRO CONTROLLER

Aim:
The aim of the project is to design a single phase sine wave PWM parallel inverter using micro
controller.

Introduction:
The DC to AC power converters are known as inverters. In other words, an inverter is
a circuit which converters a DC power into an AC power at a desired output voltage and
frequency .This conversion can be achieved either by controlled turn-on and turn-off devices
like BJT’S, MOSFET’S , IGBT’S etc. The output voltage waveforms of practical inverters are non
sinusoidal. Simple inverters can be classified into half bridge and full bridge inverters.

In this project we are going to implement a single-phase parallel inverter with R load and R-
L load at a power rating of 200 watts. In this the switches used are IGBT’S (or) MOSFET’S.

The major building blocks of the project are:

1. Power supply section


2. Controlling section
3. Driver IC section

Whenever the 230v ac supply is connected to the step down transformer the transformer
steps down the voltage to the 12v ac. This is converted into pulsating dc by the bridge rectifier
formed by connecting the 1n4007 diodes. The output of diodes is connected across the 1000uf
35v capacitor to filter the ripples in the pulsating dc. This pure dc is connected to the 7805
voltage regulator IC. The voltage regulator IC gives the regulated 5v output. This 5v pure
regulated dc is used in the circuits.

The AT89S52 is a low-power, high-performance CMOS 8-bit microcontroller with 8K


bytes of in-system programmable Flash memory. The device is manufactured using Atmel’s
high-density nonvolatile memory technology and is compatible with the industry-standard 80C51
instruction set and pin out. The on-chip Flash allows the program memory to be reprogrammed
in-system or by a conventional nonvolatile memory programmer. By combining a versatile 8-bit
CPU with in-system programmable Flash on a monolithic chip, the Atmel AT89S52 is a
powerful microcontroller which provides a highly-flexible and cost-effective solution to many
embedded control applications.

Advantages:

1) Wide range of operation.


2) Smooth control is possible.

Disadvantages:

1) Controlling PWM is difficult.

Applications:

1. variable speed AC motor drives


2. Induction heating,
3. air craft power supplies,
4. uninterrupted power supplies (UPS)
BLOCK DIAGRAM:
SOFTWARE TOOLS USED:

1. Embedded C programming language

2. KEIL IDE for writing the program for micro controller

3. PROLOAD for dumping

4. ORCAD to draw the schematic diagram

HARDWARE USED:

1. AT89s52 Micro Controller

2. Power supply

3. MOSFET

4. Step-up Transformer.

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