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Definition - What does Peripheral Device mean?

A peripheral device is an internal or external device that connects directly to a


computer but does not contribute to the computer's primary function, such as
computing. It helps end users access and use the functionalities of a computer.

Definition Input Device


Input device on a computer is a device that provides direct commands or data to
process equipment on a computer for processing and then releases information
to the user. Input equipment is a computer part that has a very important role
because it is directly related to the user or computer user. The following are
various input devices on the computer and the functions of each of these
components.

Definition Output Device


Output device on a computer is a computer component that functions to produce
information obtained from the results of the process of computer process
equipment. Process output from a computer is classified into 4 forms: letter,
image, sound and video. Output equipment will produce information for
humans so that it can be read, seen, heard and understood.
The computer will process information from computer input equipment and
then display the results of the process in the form of information to computer
users (humans). The output equipment itself is very important because it will
provide information directly to the user. Output devices are also a necessity in a
computer system although some of the computer's output equipment is in the
category of computer peripherals / enhancements.

Aim Peripheral Devices


give direct orders or data to the process equipment on the computer to be sent
and then issue information that is classified into 4 forms namely: letters,
images, sound and video, so that it can be read, seen, heard and developed.
Types of Peripheral Devices
Peripheral devices are categorized as either an input device or an output device,
and some function as both.

Among these types of hardware are both internal peripheral


devices and external peripheral devices, either type of which might include
input or output devices.

1. Mouse
A mouse is an input device that uses "point and click" technology to interact
with a computer. Modern mice typically have two buttons, the left button and
right button, with a scroll wheel in between the two. The device was named a
"mouse" because the inventors thought that the wire that connects the device to
the computer resembles a mouse tail. Nowadays, mice often connect to the
computer using wireless technology.
2. Keyboard
Keyboards are the most common input device. The user enters letters, numbers,
and other symbols to give the computer with information and instruction. Using
a keyboard to enter a lot of information is called typing. The keyboard works
through push buttons or mechanical switches, known as "keys", being pressed,
and the resulting signal being sent to the computer. In the past, keyboards used
to connect to the computer via a DIN connector, but nowadays they are more
likely to connect via a USB port or be wireless.
3. Webcam
These input devices are video cameras that connect to a computer. They can be
external or built-in. Webcams are most often used to enable people to see each
other when communicating over the internet, or for recording video blogs, or
other videos. As well as computers, webcams can also be built into mobile
phones. The first webcam was developed in 1991 at the University of
Cambridge and pointed at a coffee pot so that researchers from around the
Computer Science Department wouldn’t make a journey, only to discover it was
empty.
4. Microphone
Microphones are audio input devices. The microphone feeds a sound signal to
the computer, where it can be recorded, or streamed across the internet.
Microphones are often built into laptops, webcams and mobile phones
nowadays. The earliest microphones were telephone transmitters invented in the
latter half of the 19th century. Various designs were tried, but the first to have
reasonable sound quality were (loose-contact) carbon microphones that were
developed independently by David Edward Hughes in England, and Emile
Berliner and Thomas Edison in the US.
5. Monitor
The most common output device, monitors enable users to interact with a
computer more easily. The monitor essentially displays a signal sent by the
computer in a visual format. Monitors look similar to televisions in outward
appearance, but typically have a higher display resolution than televisions,
enabling greater visual detail, plus they lack a tuner to change channels. As with
televisions, modern computer monitors use flat screen technology and have
fallen in price in recent years.
6. Speakers
A computer speaker is another common type of output device. They typically
come in pairs to provide stereo sound and sometimes with a subwoofer unit too
in order to enhance bass frequency. Computer speakers usually have built-in
amplifiers and therefore require a power supply, either from the mains,
batteries, or via a USB port. In the past, speakers typically received their audio
signal via a 3.5 mm jack plug, but there are many wireless speakers nowadays
that use Bluetooth technology. Altec Lansing claim to have produced the first
commercially available computer speakers in 1990.
7. Projector
Projectors are optical output devices that enable a roomful of people to see
visuals generated by a single computer. As their name suggests, projectors
"project" still or moving images onto a screen, blank wall, or other surface.
Digital projectors first came onto the market in the early 2000's and have now
largely completely replaced older, pre-digital models. They are typically used
for presentations, watching movies, or as a teaching aid, and connect to the
computer via the HDMI port.
8. Printer
Printers are another common form of output device. They are used to generate
hard copies of electronic data stored on a computer, most often text or images
onto paper. The first electronic printer to be invented was the EP-101, released
by the Japanese company Epson in 1968. Inkjet and laser printers are two of the
most common types of printer found today, with modern printers connecting to
the computer via the USB port or WI-FI. The rise of other technologies such as
email and data storage devices have somewhat diminished the importance of
printers in recent years.
9. USB Flash Drive
Also called a thumb drive, gig stick, flash stick, pen drive, USB stick, jump
drive, flash-drive, memory stick, or USB memory, the USB flash drive is a data
storage device that consists of flash memory with an integrated USB interface.
Small and light, USB storage drives are usually removable and rewritable. Since
their appearance in the year 2000, these storage devices have gradually
increased their storage capacity, while falling in price. They are commonly used
for transporting and transferring information and are durable, thanks to a lack of
moving parts.
10. External Hard Drive
External hard drives are input/output storage devices that usually connect to a
computer via USB. They hold relatively large amounts of data and plug and
play drive functionality enables them to be easily used with a variety of
different computers. There are two categories of external hard drives: portable
and desktop. Portable external drives are more compact, powered by USB and
designed for transporting, whereas the desktop version is typically larger and
needs external power bricks for power.

Latest information (USB Type C)

The idea behind USB-C is a simple one. You have one type of cable, one type
of port, and through them you connect everything you need. This means you
can use the same cable for hard drives, monitors, audio interfaces, smartphones,
tablets, and even for charging your laptop.

What other benefits does USB-C offer?

Of course changing the design of a connector and port is hardly a reason to


upgrade all your existing peripherals, but that isn’t the only advantage of USB-
C. The new format also supports the latest USB 3.1 communication protocols,
which are faster and more versatile than the earlier versions you’ll find on USB-
A style devices.
USB 3.1 comes in two versions, which can be a little confusing. Gen 1 delivers
5Gbps, which is the same speed as USB 3.0, and Gen 2 delivers 10Gbps.
Thunderbolt 3, which looks identical to USB-C, can reach 40Gbps.

You probably don't work in gigabits per second, so in megabytes per second,
they're 625MBps and 1250MBps respectively (or 1.25 gigabytes per second).
And Thunderbolt 3 is 5,000MBps (5 gigabytes per second).

More powerful
USB-C can provide up to 100W of power to attached devices. That's easily
enough to charge (almost) any laptop, smartphone or tablet. The new format can
also deliver 4K video to monitors and carry audio too.

More compact
The smaller size and flexibility of the ports mean they are now the staple fitting
on ultra-slim laptops and Android smartphones.

More flexible
This versatile nature opens up a number of useful real-world scenarios. For
instance, a user could plug their USB-C equipped laptop into a powered
external display such as LG’s 27-inch 4K 27UD88-W and have the PC charge
while simultaneously sending video content.

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