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Latihan Soal KIMIA DASAR How many milliliters of 0.

125 M NaHCO3
solution are needed to neutralize 18.0 mL of
0.100 M HCl?
1. How does Dalton’s atomic theory account Thus, 14.4 mL of the 0.125 M NaHCO3 solution is
for the law of mass conservation? needed to neutralize 18.0 mL of the 0.100 M HCl
Kaitan Hukum Dalton dan hokum
solution.
keseimbangan massa
2. A sample of mercury with a mass of 114.0 5. What volume of 0.250 M H2SO4 is needed
g was combined with 12.8 g of oxygen gas, to react with 50.0 mL of 0.100 M NaOH?
and the resulting reaction gave 123.1 g of The equation is H2SO4(aq) + 2 NaOH(aq) ¡
mercury(II) oxide. How much oxygen was Na2SO4(aq) + 2 H2O(l)
left over after the reaction was complete? 6. Which of the following equations are
4Hg + O2  2Hg2O balanced?
3. A sample of CaCO3 was heated, causing it (a) The development reaction in silver-
to form CaO and CO2 gas. Solid CaO halide photography: 2 AgBr + 2 NaOH +
remained behind, while the CO2 escaped C6H6O2  2Ag + H2O + 2 NaBr +
to the atmosphere. If the CaCO3 weighed C6H4O2
612 g and the CaO weighed 343 g, how (b) The preparation of household bleach:
many grams of CO2 were formed in the NaOH + Cl2 ¡ NaOCl + NaCl + H2O
reaction? 7. Which of the following equations are
CaCO3  CaO + CO2 balanced? Balance any that need it.
4. Balance the following equations: a. The thermite reaction, used in
(a) C6H12O6  C2H6O + CO2 welding:
(fermentation of sugar to yield ethyl Al + Fe2O3  Al2O3 + Fe
alcohol) b. The photosynthesis of glucose from
C6H12O6  2C2H6O + 2CO2 CO2:
(b) CO2 +H2O  C6H12O6+ O2 6 CO2 + 6 H2O  C6H12O6 + 6 O2
(photosynthesis reaction in green c. The separation of gold from its ore:
plants) Au + 2 NaCN + O2 + H2O  NaAu(CN)2
6CO2 + 6H2O  C6H12O6+ 3O2 + 3 NaOH
(c) NH3 +Cl2  N2H4 +NH4Cl (synthesis
of hydrazine for rocket fuel) 8. Balance the following equations:
4NH3 +Cl2  N2H4 + 2NH4Cl a. Mg + HNO3  H2 + Mg(NO3)2
b. CaC2 + H2O  Ca(OH)2 + C2H2
5. Stomach acid, a dilute solution of HCl in c. S + O2  SO3
water, can be neutralized by reaction with d. UO2 + HF  UF4 + H2O
sodium hydrogen carbonate, NaHCO3,
according to the equation HCl(aq) +
NaHCO3(aq)  NaCl(aq) + H2O(l) + CO2(g)
9. Balance the following equations:
(a) The explosion of ammonium nitrate:
C2H8N2 + N2O4  N2 + CO2 + H2O
(b) The spoilage of wine into vinegar: 14. How many moles of ions are in 27.5 g of
C2H6O + O2  C2H4O2 + H2O MgCl2?
(c) The burning of rocket fuel:
NH4NO3 N2 + O2 + H2O 15. How many moles of anions are in 35.6 g of
AlF3?
10. What are the molecular (formula) masses of
the following substances? 16. What is the molecular mass of chloroform if
(a) Hg2Cl2 (calomel, used at one time as a 0.0275 mol weighs 3.28 g?
bowel purgative)
(b) C4H8O2 (butyric acid, responsible for the 17. What is the molecular mass of cholesterol if
odor of rancid butter) 0.5731 mol weighs 221.6 g?
(c) CF2Cl2 (a chlorofluorocarbon that
destroys the stratos-pheric ozone layer) 18. Iron(II) sulfate, FeSO4, is prescribed for the
treatment of anemia. How many moles of
11. What are the molecular masses of the FeSO4 are present in a standard 300 mg tablet?
following pharmaceuticals? How many iron(II) ions?
(a) C33H35FN2O5 (atorvastatin, lowers
blood cholesterol) 19. An average cup of coffee contains about
(b) C22H27F3O4S (fluticasone, anti- 125 mg of caffeine, C8H10N4O2. How many
inflammatory) moles of caffeine are in a cup? How many
(c) C16H16ClNO2S (clopidogrel, inhibits molecules of caffeine?
blood clots) 20. Iron metal can be produced from the
mineral hematite, Fe2O3, by reaction with
12. What are the molecular masses of the carbon. How many kilograms of iron are
following herbicides? present in 105 kg of hematite?
(a) C6H6Cl2O3 (2, 4-dichlorophenoxyacetic
acid, effective 21 Iron metal can be produced from the mineral
on broadleaf plants) hematite, Fe2O3, by reaction with carbon. How
(b) C15H22ClNO2 (metolachlor, pre- many kilograms of iron are present in 105 kg of
emergent herbicide) hematite?
(c) C8H6Cl2O3 (dicamba, effective on
22. In the preparation of iron from hematite,
broadleaf plants)
Fe2O3 reacts with carbon:
12. How many grams are in a mole of each of the Fe2O3 + C  Fe + CO2 Unbalanced
following substances?
(a) Ti (b) Br2 (c) Hg (d) H2O (a) Balance the equation.(b) How many moles
of carbon are needed to react with 525 g of
13. How many moles are in a gram of each of the hematite?(c) How many grams of carbon are
following substances? needed to react with 525 g of hematite?
(a) Cr (b) Cl2 (c) Au (d) NH3
23. An alternative method for preparing pure (1.3 g NaCl) + (3.5 g AgNO3)  (x g AgCl) +
iron from Fe2O3 is by reaction with carbon (y g NaNO3)
monoxide:
Fe2O3 + CO  Fe + CO2 Unbalanced (2.65 g BaCl2) + (6.78 g H2SO4)  (x g
(a) Balance the equation. BaSO4) + (y g HCl)
(b) How many grams of CO are needed to
react with 3.02 g of Fe2O3? 28. Nickel(II) sulfate, used for nickel plating, is
(c) How many grams of CO are needed to prepared by treatment of nickel(II) carbonate
react with 1.68 mol of Fe2O3? with sulfuric acid:

24. Magnesium metal burns in oxygen to form NiCO3 + H2SO4  NiSO4 + CO2 + H2O
magnesium oxide, MgO. (a) How many grams of H2SO4 are needed to
(a) Write a balanced equation for the react with 14.5 g of NiCO3?
reaction. (b) How many grams of NiSO4 are obtained if
(b) How many grams of oxygen are needed the yield is 78.9%?
to react with 25.0 g of Mg? How many grams
of MgO will result?
(c) How many grams of Mg are needed to 29. How many moles of solute are present in
react with 25.0 g of O2? How many grams of each of the following solutions?
MgO will result?
(a) 35.0 mL of 1.2 M HNO3
25. Pure oxygen was first made by heating (b) 175 mL of 0.67 M glucose (C6H12O6)
mercury(II) oxide:
HgO Heat  Hg + O2 Unbalanced

30. How many grams of solute would you use


(a) Balance the equation.
to prepare each of the following solutions?
(b) How many grams of mercury and how
many grams of oxygen are formed from 45.5 (a) 250.0 mL of 0.600 M ethyl alcohol (C2H6O)
g of HgO?
(c) How many grams of HgO would you need (b) 167 mL of 0.2 M boric acid (H3BO3)
to obtain 33.3 g of O2?

26. Assume that you have 1.39 mol of H2 and 3.44 31 The sterile saline solution used to rinse
mol of N2. How many grams of ammonia contact lenses can be made by dissolving 400
(NH3) can you make, and how many grams mg of NaCl in sterile water and diluting to 100
of which reactant will be left over? mL. What is the molarity of the solution?
27. How many grams of each product result from
the follow-ing reactions, and how many 32. The concentration of glucose (C6H12O6) in
grams of which reactant is left over? normal blood is approximately 90 mg per 100
mL. What is the molarity of the glucose?