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Watch the video the clip titled “the Magicians Twin: CS Lewis and theCase against Scientism.

Reflect on the notions of development that


mayevolve into scientism. In pairs, discuss and take note of your thoughtsonthe video clip with the following guide questions. Be ready to
share yourinsights in class.
1.What is scientism?
a pseudo-scientific philosophy that turns science into a religion instead of just one of many tools humans have to obtain true knowledge of
reality. he belief or ideology that science is the best or only test for truth of any kind. As such, scientism leads to an exaggerated trust and
almost blind faith in the ability of “science,” especially science divorced from God, to answer any question and solve any problem.
2.How is science comparable to magic?
Science and magic both have the ability to function as an alternative to religion.
3.What is scientology?
Scientology is a religion that offers a precise path leading to a complete and certain understanding of one’s true spiritual nature and one’s
relationship to self, family, groups, Mankind, all life forms, the material universe, the spiritual universe and the Supreme Being.
Scientology addresses the spirit—not the body or mind—and believes that Man is far more than a product of his environment, or
his genes.

4.Is CS Lewis against science and technology?


Lewis was not anti-science, but was opposed to 'Scientism', which may be defined as the "wrong-headed belief that modern
science supplies the only reliable method of knowledge about the world and also … that scientists should be the ones to dictate public
policy and even our moral and religious beliefs simply on the basis of their scientific expertise."
5.Why is science more dangerous than magic?
All of this scientism of scientific religion leads to science as power where science becomes the dictator of the culture. Since
nothing is sacred to science except its own dogma, it can lead to some frightening conclusions, such as eugenics, euthanasia and socialist
and fascist tyranny. Lewis believed science was good, but its sphere of influence is, and must be, limited.
6.What is the presented essence of modernity and its consequence?
7.What do we need for the sciences to be good?

THE MAGICIAN’S TWIN is a must-see trilogy of short programs by the Discovery Institute applying some brilliant insights and arguments
from C.S. Lewis to expose the fallacies of scientism and evolution and to promote the reasonableness of Intelligent Design.

The video’s title comes from a reference in C.S. Lewis that science turned into religion is just a glorified form of magic. Lewis commends
science, but refutes scientism, the belief or ideology that science is the best or only test for truth of any kind. As such, scientism leads to an
exaggerated trust and almost blind faith in the ability of “science,” especially science divorced from God, to answer any question and solve
any problem. Lewis believes science is a necessary, important and valid way of understanding reality until it becomes a dogmatic, pseudo-
religion that plays on people’s gullibility and refuses to consider new evidence that undermines current accepted theory. In other words, it
becomes irrational. All of this scientism of scientific religion leads to science as power where science becomes the dictator of the culture.
Since nothing is sacred to science except its own dogma, it can lead to some frightening conclusions, such as eugenics, euthanasia and
socialist and fascist tyranny. Lewis believed science was good, but its sphere of influence is, and must be, limited.

The second program opens with Lewis saying Darwin and Spencer built their foundations on illusions of sand. At its most basic level,
evolution says we have common ancestors, a position that’s less and less credible as time passes. Secondly, evolution believes the physical
world (including the molecular and subatomic world) is run by blind, unguided processes. The second program addresses each of these
canards.

For example, when the Piltdown Man (an alleged “ancestor” and “missing link” to man or homo sapiens sapiens) was discovered to be a
fraud, Lewis wrote a satirical expose of the attempt to force a common ancestor. Refuting blind, unguided processes is even easier since
there are common elements to diverse species, such as the eye, which are extremely complex. Those who hold to the evolutionary viewpoint
for years held that there must be “junk DNA” and unnecessary parts to the body, such as the appendix or tonsils, because they occur just by
chance. However, research has shown there is no “Junk DNA” and that every part of the body is important.

The final episode is an argument for Intelligent Design. Lewis moved slowly to the position of Intelligent Design. He started from the
argument from Beauty, then the argument from morality, then the argument from reason, then the argument from functional complexity, and
finally from the laws of nature. One of his students was a famous atheist, Anthony Flew. Lewis encouraged his students to follow the
arguments wherever they lead. Flew did just that and, at the end of his life, recanted his atheism, affirmed Intelligent Design and accepted
the possibility that the story of Jesus Christ in the New Testament documents might be plausible. Of course, believing in Intelligent Design
is not the same as believing in the Bible or believing in God in the person of Jesus Christ. However, it does eventually lead to that point.

Based on the book of essays edited by John West and directed by West, THE MAGICIAN’S TWIN is a very good series done on a very
small budget. So, the production quality doesn’t compare with broadcast television documentaries. However, the programs are fascinating
and provide more reasons to reject evolution and to believe in God, including the God of the Bible.

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