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THERMODYNAMICS Answer: D saturation pressure, then the working

11. PAST ME BOARD QUESTION medium must be:


6. PAST ME BOARD QUESTION The theory of changing heat into
An ideal gas is compressed in a cylindrical mechanical work. A. Compressed liquid
1. PAST ME BOARD QUESTION so well insulated that there is essentially no B. Sub cooled liquid
Enthalpy of an ideal gas is a function only of heat transfer. The temperature of the gas A. Thermodynamics C. Saturated vapor
________. B. Kinematics D. Saturated liquid
A. Decrease C. Inertia
A. Entropy B. Increase D. Kinetics Answer: A
B. Internal energy C. Remain constant Answer: A
C. Temperature D. Is zero 17. PAST ME BOARD QUESTION
D. Pressure 12. PAST ME BOARD QUESTION Is one whose temperature is below the
Answer: B Average pressure on a surface when a saturation temperature corresponding to its
Answer: C changing pressure condition exist. pressure
7. PAST ME BOARD QUESTION
2. PAST ME BOARD QUESTION What is the SI unit of pressure? A. Back pressure A. Superheated vapor
Which of the following is the most efficient B. Partial pressure B. Wet vapor
𝑘𝑔 C. Pressure drop C. Sub cooled liquid
thermodynamic cycle? A.
𝑐𝑚²
𝑑𝑦𝑛𝑒𝑠 D. Mean effective pressure D. Saturated liquid
B.
A. Brayton 𝑐𝑚²

B. Otto C. Pascal Answer: D Answer: C


C. Carnot D. Psi
D. Diesel 13. PAST ME BOARD QUESTION 18. PAST ME BOARD QUESTION
Answer: C Which of the following cycles consist two Number of molecules in a mole of any
Answer: C isothermal and two constant volume substance is a constant called ______.
8. PAST ME BOARD QUESTION processes?
3. PAST ME BOARD QUESTION The equation Cp = Cv + R applies to which A. Rankine constant
What is the first law of thermodynamics? of the following? A. Diesel cycle B. Avogadro’s number
B. Ericsson cycle C. Otto constant
A. Internal energy is due to molecular motions A. Enthalpy C. Stirling cycle D. Thompson constant
B. Entropy of the universe is increased by B. Ideal gas D. Otto cycle
irreversible processes C. Two phase states Answer: B
C. Energy can neither be created nor destroy D. All pure substances Answer: C
D. Heat energy cannot be completely transformed 19. PAST ME BOARD QUESTION
into work Answer: B 14. PAST ME BOARD QUESTION If the pressure of a gas is constant the
A control volume refers to what? volume is directly proportional to the
Answer: C 9. PAST ME BOARD QUESTION absolute temperature.
In the flow process, neglecting kinetic and A. A fixed region in space
4. PAST ME BOARD QUESTION potential energies, the integral of VdP B. A reversible process A. Boyle’s law
An ideal gas is compressed isothermally. What is the represents what? C. An isolated system B. Joule’s law
enthalpy change? D. A specified mass C. Charles’ law
A. Heat transfer D. Kelvin’s law
A. Always negative B. Flow energy Answer: A
B. Always positive C. Enthalpy change Answer: C
C. Zero D. Shaft work 15. PAST ME BOARD QUESTION
D. Undefined In polytropic process, PVn = constant, if the 20. PAST ME BOARD QUESTION
Answer: D value of n is infinitely large, the process is The number of protons in the nucleus of an
Answer: C atom or the number of electrons in the orbit
10. PAST ME BOARD QUESTION A. Isobaric of an atom.
5. PAST ME BOARD QUESTION Mechanical energy of pressure B. Isometric
Name the process that has no heat transformed into energy of heat. C. Isothermal A. Atomic volume
transfer. D. Polytropic B. Atomic number
A. Kinetic energy C. Atomic weight
A. Isothermal B. Enthalpy Answer: B D. Atomic mass
B. Isobaric C. Heat exchanger
C. Polytropic D. Heat of compression 16. PAST ME BOARD QUESTION Answer: B
D. Adiabatic In the temperature is held constant and the
Answer: B pressure is increased beyond the 21. PAST ME BOARD QUESTION
In a P-T diagram of a pure substance, the 31. PAST ME BOARD QUESTION
curve separating the solid phase from the 26. PAST ME BOARD QUESTION Mechanism designed to lower the 36. PAST ME BOARD QUESTION
liquid phase is: Is the condition of pressure and temperature of air passing through it. The sum of energies of all the molecules in
temperature at which a liquid and its vapor a system where energies appear in several
A. Vaporization curve are indistinguishable. A. Air cooler complex form
B. Fusion curve B. Air defense
C. Boiling point A. Critical point C. Air spill over A. Kinetic energy
D. Sublimation point B. Dew point D. Air cycle B. Potential energy
C. Absolute humidity C. Internal energy
Answer: B D. Relative humidity Answer: A D. Frictional energy

22. PAST ME BOARD QUESTION Answer: A 32. PAST ME BOARD QUESTION Answer: C
A water temperature is 18 °F in the water A device for measuring the velocity of wind.
cooled condenser is equivalent in °C to - 27. PAST ME BOARD QUESTION 37. PAST ME BOARD QUESTION
_____ When a substance is gaseous state is A. Aneroid barometer The total energy in compressible or
below the critical condition, it is called B. Anemometer incompressible fluid flowing across any
A. 7.78 _______. C. Anemoscope section in a pipeline is a function of
B. 10 D. Anemograph
C. 263.56 A. Vapor A. Pressure and velocity
D. -9.44 B. Cloud Answer: B B. Pressure, density and velocity
C. Moisture C. Pressure, density, velocity and
Answer: B D. Steam 33. PAST ME BOARD QUESTION viscosity
Heat normally flowing from a high D. Flow energy, kinetic energy, height
23. PAST ME BOARD QUESTION Answer: A temperature body to a low temperature above datum and internal energy
The latent heat of vaporization in Joules body wherein it is impossible to convert
per kg is equal to _______ 28. PAST ME BOARD QUESTION heat without other effects. Answer: D
Superheated vapor behaves
A. 5.4 x 10² A. First law of thermodynamics 38. PAST ME BOARD QUESTION
B. 4.14 x 10³ A. Just a gas B. Second law of thermodynamics The ratio of the density of a substance to
C. 22.6 x 105 B. Just a steam C. Third law of thermodynamics the density of some standard substance.
D. 3.35 x 105 C. Just as ordinary vapor D. Zeroth law of thermodynamics
D. Approximately as a gas A. Relative density
Answer: C Answer: B B. Specific gravity
Answer: D C. Specific density
24. PAST ME BOARD QUESTION 34. PAST ME BOARD QUESTION D. Relative gravity
Form of energy associated with the kinetic 29. PAST ME BOARD QUESTION The temperature at which its vapor
energy of the random motion of large Which of the following provides the basis pressure is equal to the pressure exerted Answer: B
number of molecules. for measuring thermodynamic property of on the liquid.
temperature? 39. PAST ME BOARD QUESTION
A. Internal energy A. Absolute humidity Is the one whose pressure is higher than
B. Kinetic energy A. Zeroth law of thermodynamics B. Calorimetry the saturation pressure corresponding to its
C. Heat of fusion B. First law of thermodynamics C. Boiling point temperature
D. Heat C. Second law of thermodynamics D. Thermal point
D. Third law of thermodynamics A. Compressed liquid
Answer: D Answer: C B. Saturated liquid
Answer: A C. Saturated vapor
25. PAST ME BOARD QUESTION 35. PAST ME BOARD QUESTION D. Super heated vapor
If the temperature is held constant and the 30. PAST ME BOARD QUESTION A nozzle is used to
pressure is increased beyond the Which of the following is commonly used Answer: A
saturation pressure, then, the working as liquid absorbent? A. Increase velocity and decrease
medium must be: pressure 40. PAST ME BOARD QUESTION
A. Silica gel B. Decrease velocity as well as The changing of solid directly to vapor
A. Saturated vapor B. Activated alumina pressure without passing through the liquid state is
B. Compressed liquid C. Ethylene glycol C. Increase velocity as well as pressure called.
C. Saturated liquid D. None of these D. Decrease velocity and increase
D. Sub cooled liquid pressure A. Evaporation
Answer: C B. Vaporization
Answer: B Answer: A C. Sublimation
D. Condensation Answer: A 51. PAST ME BOARD QUESTION 56. How many independent properties are
At critical point the latent enthalpy of required to completely fix the equilibrium
Answer: C 46. PAST ME BOARD QUESTION vaporization is state of a pure gaseous compound?
When a system deviates infinitesimally A. 1
41. PAST ME BOARD QUESTION from equilibrium at every instant of its state, A. Temperature dependent B. 2
Weight per unit volume is termed as_____. it is undergoing: B. Zero C. 3
C. Minimum D. 4
A. Specific gravity A. Isobaric process D. Maximum
B. Density B. Quasi-static process Answer: B
C. Weight density C. Isometric process Answer: B
D. Specific volume D. Cyclic process 57. Which of the following relations defines
52. PAST ME BOARD QUESTION enthalpy?
Answer: C Answer: B What is the force which tends to draw a
body towards the center about which it is A. h = u + p/T
42. PAST ME BOARD QUESTION 47. PAST ME BOARD QUESTION rotating? B. h = u + pV
What is the SI unit of force? What is the force which tends to draw a C. h = u + p/V
body towards the center about which it is E. Centrifugal force D. h = pV + T
A. Pound rotating? F. Centrifugal in motion
B. Newton G. Centrifugal advance Answer: B
C. Kilogram A. Centrifugal force H. Centripetal force
D. Dyne B. Centrifugal in motion 58. Which of the following is true for water at a
C. Centrifugal advance Answer: D reference temperature where enthalpy is
D. Centripetal force zero?
Answer: B
53. PAST ME BOARD QUESTION
Answer: D When a system deviates infinitesimally A. Internal energy is negative
43. PAST ME BOARD QUESTION
from equilibrium at every instant of its state, B. Entropy is non – zero
The volume of fluid passing a cross-section
48. PAST ME BOARD QUESTION it is undergoing: C. Specific volume is zero
of steam in unit time.
What is the process that has no heat D. Vapor pressure is zero
transfer? E. Isobaric process
A. Steady flow
F. Quasi-static process Answer: A
B. Uniform flow
A. Reversible isometric G. Isometric process
C. Discharge
B. Isothermal H. Cyclic process 59. On what plane is the Mollier diagram
D. Continuous flow
C. Polytropic plotted?
D. Adiabatic Answer: B
Answer: C
A. p–V
Answer: D 54. PAST ME BOARD QUESTION B. p–T
44. PAST ME BOARD QUESTION A pressure of 1 millibar is equivalent to C. h–s
What equation applies in the first law of 49. PAST ME BOARD QUESTION D. h–u
thermodynamics for an ideal gas in a Which of the engine is used for fighter 𝑑𝑦𝑛𝑒𝑠
A. 1000
reversible open steady-state system? bombers?
𝑐𝑚²
Answer: C
B. 1000 cm of Hg
A. Q – W = U2 – U1 C. 1000 psi
A. Turbojet 𝑘𝑔 60. The compressibility factor z, is used for
B. Q + VdP = H2 – H1 B. Pulsejet D. 1000
𝑐𝑚² predicting the behavior of non – ideal
C. Q – VdP = U2 – U1 C. Rockets gases. How is the compressibility factor
D. Q – PdV = H2 – H1 D. Ramjet Answer: A defined relative to an ideal gas? ( subscript
c refers to critical value )
Answer: B Answer: A 55. PAST ME BOARD QUESTION
Work done per unit charge when charged A. z = P/Pc
50. PAST ME BOARD QUESTION is moved from one point to another. B. z = PV/RT
45. PAST ME BOARD QUESTION Exhaust gases from an engine possess: C. z = T/Tc
A pressure of 1 millibar is equivalent to A. Equipotential surface D. z = (T/Tc)(Pc/P)
A. Solar energy B. Potential at a point
𝑑𝑦𝑛𝑒𝑠
A. 1000 B. Kinetic energy C. Electrostatic point Answer: B
𝑐𝑚²
B. 1000 cm of Hg C. Chemical energy D. Potential difference
C. 1000 psi D. Stored energy 61. How is the quality x of a liquid – vapor
D. 1000
𝑘𝑔 Answer: B mixture defined?
𝑐𝑚²
Answer: B
A. The fraction of the total volume that is B. Adiabatic: Heat transfer = 0 , A. 0 K and 1 atm pressure
saturated vapor Isentropic: Heat transfer = 0 Answer: C B. 0 F and zero pressure
B. The fraction of the total volume that is C. Adiabatic: reversible, Isentropic: Not C. 32 F and zero pressure
saturated liquid reversible 72. The ideal reversible Carnot cycle involves D. 0 °C and 1 atm pressure
C. The fraction of the total mass that is D. Both: Heat transfer = 0; Isentropic: four basic processes. What type of
saturated vapor Reversible processes are they? Answer: D
D. The fraction of the total mass that is
saturated liquid Answer: D A. All isothermal 77. A substance is oxidized when which of the
B. All adiabatic following occurs?
Answer: C 67. During an adiabatic, internally reversible C. All isentropic
process, what is true about the change in D. Two isothermal and two isentropic A. It turns red
62. What is the expression for heat of entropy? B. It loses electrons
vaporization? Answer: D C. It gives off heat
A. It is always zero D. It absorbs energy
A. hg B. It is always less than zero 73. What is the temperature difference of the
B. hf C. It is always greater than zero cycle if the entropy difference is ΔS, and Answer: B
C. hg - hf D. It is temperature-dependent the work done is W?
D. hf - hg 78. Which of the following is not a unit of
Answer: A A. W – ΔS pressure?
Answer: C B. W / ΔS
68. For an irreversible process, what is true C. ΔS / W A. Pa
63. What is the value of the work done for a about the change in entropy of the system D. ΔS – W B.
𝑘𝑔
𝑚−𝑠
closed, reversible, isometric system? and surroundings?
C. bars
Answer: B 𝑘𝑔
A. Zero 𝑑𝑞 D.
A. ds = 𝑚2
𝑑𝑡
B. Positive 74. Which of the following is not an advantage
B. ds = 0
C. Negative of a superheated, closed Rankine cycle Answer: B
C. ds > 0
D. Indeterminate over an open Rankine cycle?
D. ds < 0
79. Which of the following is the definition of
Answer: A A. Lower equipment cost Joule?
Answer: C
B. Increased efficiency
64. What is the equation for the work done by C. Increased turbine life A. Newton meter
69. For which type of process does the 𝑘𝑔 𝑚
a constant temperature system? D. Increased boiler life B.
equation dQ = TdS hold? 𝑠²
C. Unit of power
A. W = mRT ln (V2 – V1) Answer: D
A. Irreversible D. Rate of change of energy
B. W = mR (T2 – T1) ln (V2/V1)
B. Reversible
C. W = mRT ln (V2/V1) 75. Which of the following statements
C. Isobaric Answer: A
D. W = RT ln (V2/V1) regarding Rankine cycle is not true?
D. Isothermal
80. Which of the following is the basis for
Answer: C A. Use of a condensable vapor in the
Answer: B Bernoulli’s law for fluid flow?
cycle increases the efficiency of the
65. What is true about the polytropic exponent cycle
70. Which of the following is true for any A. The principle of conservation of mass
n for a perfect gas undergoing an isobaric B. The temperatures at which energy is
process? B. The principle of conservation of
process? transferred to and from the working
energy
liquid are less separated than in a
A. ΔS (Surrounding) + ΔS (system) > 0 C. The continuity equation
A. n>0 Carnot cycle
B. ΔS (Surrounding) + ΔS (system) < 0 D. Fourier’s law
B. n<0 C. Superheating increases the efficiency
C. ΔS (Surrounding) + ΔS (system) ≤ 0
C. n=∞ of a Rankine cycle
D. ΔS (Surrounding) + ΔS (system) ≥ 0 Answer: B
D. n=0 D. In practical terms, the susceptibility of
the engine materials to corrosion is
Answer: D 81. Equation of state for a single component
Answer: D not a key limitation on the operating
can be any of the following except:
efficiency
71. Which of the following thermodynamic
66. How does an adiabatic process compare to
cycle is the most efficient? A. The ideal gas law
an isentropic process? Answer: D
B. Any relationship interrelating 3 or
A. Brayton more state functions
A. Adiabatic: Heat transfer = 0 , 76. Which one of the following is standard
B. Rankine
Isentropic: Heat transfer = 0 temperature and pressure (STP)
C. Carnot
D. Otto
C. Relationship mathematically C. Force and time 92. In a closed system (with a moving 97. A system that is completely impervious to
interrelating thermodynamically D. Temperature and entropy boundary) which of the following its surrounding or neither mass nor energy
properties of the material represents work done during an isothermal cross its boundaries.
D. A mathematical expression defining a Answer: C process?
path between states A. Open system
87. Energy changes are represented by all A. W=0 B. Closed system
Answer: D except which one of the following: B. W = P(V2 – V1) C. Isolated system
𝑉₂ D. Non flow system
C. W = P1V1 ln
𝑉₁
82. The state of a thermodynamics system is A. mCpdt 𝑃₂𝑉₂−𝑃₁𝑉₁
always defined by its: D. W= Answer: C
B. - ʃ VdP 1−𝑛

C. Tds – PdV
A. Absolute temperature 𝑑𝑄 Answer: C 98. A system in which there is flow of mass
D.
B. Process 𝑇 across its boundaries.
C. Properties 93. A substance that exist, or is regarded as
Answer: D existing, as a continuoum characterized by
D. Temperature and pressure A. Open system
low resistance to flow and the tendency to B. Closed system
88. U + pV is a quantity called: assume the shape of its container
Answer: C C. Isolated system
D. Steady flow system
A. Shaft work A. Fluid
83. In any non quasi-static thermodynamics
B. Entropy B. Atom
process, the overall entropy of an isolated Answer: A
C. Enthalpy C. Molecule
system will
D. Internal energy D. Vapor 99. The properties that are dependent upon
A. Increase and then decrease the mass of the system and are total
Answer: C Answer: A
B. Decrease and then increase values such as total volume and total
C. Increase only internal energy
89. In flow process, neglecting KE and PE 94. A substance that is homogeneous in
D. Decrease only
changes, ʃ VdP represents which item composition and homogeneous and A. Intensive properties
below? invariable in chemical aggregation
Answer: C B. Extensive properties
C. Specific properties
A. Heat transfer A. Pure substance
84. Entropy is the measure of: D. State properties
B. Shaft work B. Simple substance
C. Enthalpy change C. Vapor
A. The internal energy of a gas Answer: B
D. Closed system work D. Water
B. The heat capacity of a substance
C. Randomness or disorder 100. The properties that are independent of the
Answer: B Answer: A
D. The change of enthalpy of a system mass of the system such as temperature,
pressure, density and voltage
90. Power may be expressed in units of 95. A substance whose state is defined be
Answer: C
variable intensive thermodynamic A. Intensive properties
A. ft – lb properties B. Extensive properties
85. Which of the following statements about B. Kw – hr
C. Specific properties
entropy is false? C. Btu A. Pure substance D. State properties
𝐵𝑡𝑢
D. B. Simple substance
ℎ𝑟
A. Entropy of a mixture is greater than
C. Vapor Answer: A
of its components under the same
Answer: D D. Water
condition
101. The properties for a unit mass and are the
B. An irreversible process increases
91. Equilibrium condition exist in all except Answer: B intensive by definition such as specific
entropy of this universe
which of the following? volume.
C. Net entropy change in any closed
96. A system in which there is no exchange of
cycle is zero
A. In reversible processes matter with the surrounding or mass does A. Intensive properties
D. Entropy of a crystal at 0 °F is zero
B. In processes where driving forces are not cross its boundaries B. Extensive properties
infinitesimals C. Specific properties
Answer: D A. Open system
C. In a steady state flow process D. Thermodynamic properties
D. Where nothing can occur without an B. Closed system
86. Work or energy can be a function of all of effect on the system’s surrounding C. Isolated system Answer: C
the following except: D. Non flow system
Answer: C 102. The condition as identified through the
A. Force and time Answer: B properties of the substance, generally
B. Power and time
defined by particular values of any two 108. Avogadro’s number, a fundamental
independent properties. constant of nature, is the number of Answer: B A. 38.87 °C
molecules in a gram-mole. This constant is B. – 38.87 °C
A. State 114. The Fahrenheit scale was introduced by C. 37.88 °C
B. Point A. 6.05222 X 1023 Gabriel Fahrenheit of Armsterdam, Holland D. – 37.88 °C
C. Process B. 6.02252 X 1023 in what year?
D. Flow C. 6.20522 X 1023 Answer: B
D. 6.50222 X 1023 A. 1592
Answer: A B. 1742 120. The solid – liquid equilibrium of Tin is at
Answer: B C. 1730 what temperature?
103. The only base unit with a prefix kilo is D. 1720
109. The ratio of the gas constant to Avogadro’s A. – 38.87 °C
A. kilogram number is: Answer: D B. 38.87 °C
B. kilometer C. 231.9 °C
C. kiloJoule A. Maxwell’s constant 115. The Centigrade scale was introduced by D. – 231.9 °C
D. kilopascal B. Boltzmann’s constant Anders Celsius in what year?
C. Napier’s constant Answer: C
Answer: A D. Joule’s constant A. 1542
B. 1740 121. The solid – liquid equilibrium of Zinc is at
104. The force of gravity on the body Answer: B C. 1730 what temperature?
D. 1720
A. Weight 110. The absolute zero on the Fahrenheit scale A. 231.9 °C
B. Specific gravity is at Answer: B B. 419.505 °C
C. Attraction C. 444.60 °C
D. Mass A. – 459.7 °F 116. The National Bureau of Standards uses, D. 630.5 °C
B. 459.7 °F among others, the liquid – vapor
Answer: A C. – 273.15 °C equilibrium of Hydrogen at Answer: B
D. 273.15 °C
105. The mass per unit volume of any A. – 196 °C 122. The liquid – vapor equilibrium of Sulfur is at
substance. Answer: A B. 196 °C what temperature?
C. 253 °C
A. Density 111. Absolute temperatures i=on the Fahrenheit D. – 253 °C A. 231.9 °C
B. Specific volume scale are called: B. 419.505 °C
C. Specific weight Answer: D C. 444.60 °C
D. Specific gravity A. Degrees Rankine D. 630.5 °C
B. Degrees Kelvin 117. The National Bureau of Standards uses,
Answer: A C. Absolute Fahrenheit among others, the liquid – vapor Answer: C
D. Absolute Celsius equilibrium of Nitrogen at
106. The force of gravity on unit volume is 123. The solid – liquid equilibrium of Antimony is
Answer: A E. – 196 °C at what temperature?
A. Density F. 196 °C
B. Specific volume 112. The absolute zero on the Celsius scale is G. 253 °C A. 630.5 °C
C. Specific weight at H. – 253 °C B. 419.505 °C
D. Specific gravity C. 444.60 °C
A. -459.7 °F Answer: A D. 231.9 °C
Answer: C B. 459.7 °F
C. -273.15 °C 118. The liquid – vapor equilibrium of Oxygen is Answer: A
107. The reciprocal of density is D. 273.15 °C at what temperature?
124. The solid – liquid equilibrium of Silver is at
A. Specific volume Answer: C A. 197.82 °C what temperature?
B. Specific weight B. – 197.82 °C
C. Specific gravity 113. What is the absolute temperature in C. 182.97 °C A. 630.5 °C
D. Specific heat Celsius scale? D. – 182.97 °C B. 960.8 °C
C. 1063 °C
Answer: A A. Degrees Rankine Answer: D D. 1774 °C
B. Degrees Kelvin
C. Absolute Fahrenheit 119. The solid – liquid equilibrium of Mercury is Answer: B
D. Absolute Celsius at what temperature?
D. Seebeck 141. The heat needed to change the
125. The solid – liquid equilibrium of Gold is at Answer: D Answer: A temperature of the body without changing
what temperature? its phase.
131. When two bodies, isolated from other 136. The region outside the boundary or the
A. 630.5 °C environment, are in thermal equilibrium space and matter external to a system: A. Latent heat
B. 960.8 °C with a third body, the two are in thermal B. Sensible heat
C. 1063 °C equilibrium with each other. A. Ex – system C. Specific heat
D. 1774 °C B. Surrounding D. Heat transfer
A. Zeroth law of thermodynamics C. Matter
Answer: C B. First law of thermodynamics D. Extension Answer: B
C. Second law of thermodynamics
126. The solid – liquid equilibrium of Platinum is D. Third law of thermodynamics Answer: B 142. The heat needed by the body to change its
at what temperature? phase without changing its temperature.
Answer: A 137. The true pressure measured above a
A. 630.5 °C perfect vacuum. A. Latent heat
B. 960.8 °C 132. The total entropy of pure substances B. Sensible heat
C. 1063 °C approaches zero as the absolute A. Absolute pressure C. Specific heat
D. 1774 °C thermodynamic temperature approaches B. Gage pressure D. Heat transfer
Answer: D zero. C. Atmospheric pressure
D. Vacuum pressure Answer: A
127. The solid – liquid equilibrium of Tungsten is A. Zeroth law of thermodynamics
at what temperature? B. First law of thermodynamics Answer: A 143. The measure of the randomness of the
C. Second law of thermodynamics molecules of a substance.
A. 3730 °C D. Third law of thermodynamics 138. The pressure measured from the level of
B. 3370 °C atmospheric pressure recording instrument A. Enthalpy
C. 3073 °C Answer: D like pressure gage and open-ended B. Internal energy
D. 3037 °C manometer. C. Entropy
133. If any one or more properties of a system D. Heat
Answer: B change, the system is said to have A. Gage pressure
undergone a _________. B. Atmospheric pressure Answer: C
128. The device that measures temperature by C. Barometer pressure
the electromotive force. A. Cycle D. Absolute pressure 144. The heat energy transferred to a substance
B. Process at a constant pressure process is _______
A. Thermometer C. Flow Answer: A
B. Thermocouple D. Control A. Enthalpy
C. Electro-thermometer 139. The pressure obtained from barometer B. Heat
D. Thermoseebeck Answer: B reading. C. Internal energy
D. Entropy
Answer: B 134. When a certain mass of fluid in a particular A. Absolute pressure
state passes through a series of processes B. Gage pressure Answer: A
129. The emf is a function of the temperature and returns to its initial state, it undergoes C. Atmospheric pressure
difference between the junction, a a: D. Vacuum pressure 145. It is the energy stored within the body.
phenomenon called:
A. Revolution Answer: C A. Enthalpy
A. Seebeck effect B. Rotation B. Heat
B. Stagnation effect C. Process 140. It is a form of energy associated with the C. Internal energy
C. Priming D. Cycle kinetic random motion of large number of D. Entropy
D. Electromotive force molecules.
Answer: D Answer: C
Answer: A A. Internal energy
135. The term given to the collection of matter B. Kinetic energy 146. A theoretically ideal gas which strictly
130. The device that measure temperature by under consideration enclosed within a C. Heat follows Boyle’s law and Charles’ law of
the electromotive force called boundary. D. Enthalpy gases.
thermocouple was discovered by:
A. System Answer: C A. Universal gas
A. Galileo B. Matter B. Perfect gas
B. Fahrenheit C. Environment C. Combined gas
C. Celsius D. Atoms D. Imperfect gas
Answer: B 162. 1 watt …
Answer: B Answer: D
157. In the polytropic process we have pvn = A. 1 Nm/s
147. In a confined gas, if the absolute 152. A process which gives the same constant, the value of n is infinitely large, B. 1 Nm/min
temperature is held constant, the volume is state/conditions after the system the process is called: C. 1 Nm/hr
inversely proportional to the absolute undergoes a series of processes: D. 1 kNm/hr
pressure. A. Constant volume process
A. Reversible process B. Constant pressure process Answer: A
A. Boyle’s law B. Irreversible process C. Constant temperature process
B. Charles law C. Cyclic process D. Adiabatic process 163. Under ideal conditions, isothermal,
C. Dalton’s law D. Quasi-static process isobaric, isochoric and adiabatic process
D. Avogadro’s law Answer: A are:
Answer: C
Answer: A 158. The thermodynamic cycle used in a A. Dynamic processes
153. A thermodynamic system that generally thermal power plant is: B. Stable processes
148. In a confined gas if the absolute pressure serves as a heat source or heat sink for C. Quasi-static processes
is held constant the volume is directly another system. A. Ericsson D. Static processes
proportional to the absolute temperature. B. Brayton
A. Combustion chamber C. Joule Answer: C
A. Boyle’s law B. Heat reservoir D. Rankine
B. Charles law C. Heat engine 164. Isentropic flow is
C. Dalton’s law D. Stirling engine Answer: D
D. Avogadro’s law Answer: B A. Perfect gas flow
159. For the same heat input and same B. Irreversible adiabatic flow
Answer: B 154. A thermodynamic system that operates compression ratio: C. Ideal fluid flow
continuously with only energy (heat and D. Reversible adiabatic flow
149. The pressure exerted in a vessel by a work) crossing its boundaries; its A. Both Otto cycle and diesel cycle are
mixture of gases is equal to the sum boundaries are impervious to the flow of equally efficient Answer: D
pressures that each separate gas would mass. B. Otto cycle is less efficient than diesel
exert if it alone occupied the whole volume cycle 165. Exhaust gases from an engine possess
of the vessel. A. Heat engine C. Efficiency depends mainly on working
B. Steady flow work substance A. Solar energy
A. Boyle’s law C. Stirling engine D. None of the above is correct B. Kinetic energy
B. Charles law D. Ericsson engine C. Chemical energy
C. Dalton’s law Answer: C D. Stored energy
D. Avogadro’s law Answer: A
160. A heat exchange process where in the Answer: B
Answer: C 155. A surface that is impervious to heat is product of pressure and volume remains
constant called: 166. The extension and compression of a helical
150. At equal volume, at the same temperature A. Isothermal surface spring is an example of what process?
and pressure conditions, the gases contain B. Adiabatic surface A. Heat exchange process
the same number of molecules. C. Isochoric surface B. Isentropic process A. Isothermal cycle
D. Isobaric surface C. Throttling process B. Thermodynamic process
A. Boyle’s law D. Hyperbolic process C. Adiabatic process
B. Charles law Answer: B D. Reversible process
C. Dalton’s law Answer: D
D. Avogadro’s law 156. One of the consequences of Einstein’s Answer: D
theory of relativity is that mass may be 161. Which of the following provides the basis
Answer: D converted into energy and energy into for measuring thermodynamic property of 167. At critical point the latent enthalpy of
mass, the relation being given by the temperature? vaporization is _________.
151. A process in which a system departs from famous equation, E = mc2. What is the
equilibrium state only infinitesimally at value of the speed of light c? A. Zeroth law of thermodynamics A. Dependent on temperature
every instant. B. First law of thermodynamics B. Zero
A. 2.7797 x 1010 cm/s C. Second law of thermodynamics C. Minimum
A. Reversible process B. 2.9979 x 1010 cm/s D. Third law of thermodynamics D. Maximum
B. Irreversible process C. 2.7797 x 1010 cm/s
C. Cyclic process D. 2.9979 x 1010 cm/s Answer: A Answer: B
D. Quasi-static process
168. Which of the following relations is not
applicable in a free expansion process? 173. Which of the following cycles has two Answer: C A. All pressures above atmospheric
isothermal and two constant volume pressure
A. Heat supplied is zero processes? 178. A steam nozzle changes B. Densities less than about 0.8 times
B. Heat rejected is zero the critical density
C. Work done is zero A. Joule cycle A. Kinetic energy into heat energy C. Near critical temperature
D. Change in temperature is zero B. Diesel cycle B. Heat energy into potential energy D. None of the above
C. Ericsson cycle C. Potential energy into heat energy
Answer: D D. Stirling cycle D. Heat energy into kinetic energy Answer: B

169. The triple point of a substance is the Answer: D Answer: D 183. Which of the following statement about Van
temperature and pressure at which: der Waals equation is correct?
174. “it is impossible to construct a heat engine 179. Which is not correct for calculating air
A. The solid and liquid phases are in that operates in a cycle and receives a standard efficiency? A. It is valid for all pressures and
equilibrium given quantity of heat from a high temperatures
B. The liquid and gaseous phases are in temperature body and does an equal A. All processes are reversible B. It represents a straight line on PV
equilibrium amount of work” The above statement is B. Specific heat remains unchanged at versus V plot
C. The solid, liquid and the gaseous known as: all temperatures C. It has three roots of identical value at
phases are in equilibrium C. No account of the mechanism of heat the critical point
D. The solid does not melt, the liquid A. Gay Lussac’s law transfer is considered D. The equation is valid for diatomic
does not boil and the gas does not B. Kinetic Theory D. Gases dissociate at higher gases only
condense C. Kelvin – Planck’s law temperatures
D. Joule – Thompson’s law Answer: C
Answer: D Answer: D
Answer: C 184. The Clapeyron’s equation is applicable to:
170. According to Clausius statement 180. According to Pettlier Thomson effect:
175. For a steam nozzle, which of the following A. 1 system in equilibrium
A. Heat flows from hot substance to cold ratios will have the value less than unity? A. It is impossible to construct a heat B. A change of state
substance, unaided engine that operates in a cycle and C. A change of state when two phases
B. Heat cannot flow from cold substance A. (Pressure at inlet)/(Pressure at outlet) receives a given quantity of heat from are in equilibrium
to hot substance B. Specific volume at inlet/(Specific a high temperature body and does an D. A change of state when water and
C. Heat can flow from cold substance to volume at outlet) equal amount of work water vapor are involved
hot substance with the aid of external C. Temperature of steam at B. It is impossible to construct a device
work inlet/(Temperature of steam at outlet) that operates in a cycle and produces Answer: C
D. A and C D. None of the above no effect other than the transfer of
heat from a cooler body to hotter 185. The vapor pressure is related to the
Answer: D Answer: B body enthalpy of vaporization by the:
C. When two dissimilar metals are
171. A heat engine is supplied heat at rate of 176. A Bell-Coleman cycle is reversed heated at one end and cooled at A. Clausius – Claypeyron’s equation
30,000 J/s gives an output of 9 kW. other, e.m.f. that is developed is B. Dalton’s law
Thermal efficiency of the engine is A. Stirling cycle proportional to difference of C. Raoult’s law
_______. B. Brayton cycle temperatures at two ends D. Maxwell’s equation
C. Joule cycle D. Work can’t be converted into heat
A. 30% D. Carnot cycle Answer: A
B. 43% Answer: D
C. 50% Answer: C 186. Solubility of a gas in a liquid at small
D. 55% 181. In actual gases the molecular collisions concentration can be represented by which
177. Ericsson cycle consist of the following four are: law?
Answer: A processes:
A. Plastic A. Henry’s law
172. The RMS velocity of hydrogen gas at A. Two isothermal and two constant B. Elastic B. Clausius – Clapeyron’s equation
N.T.P. is approximately ________. volume C. Inelastic C. Dalton’s law
B. Two isothermal and two constant D. Inplastic D. Roult’s law
A. 3838 m/s isentropic
B. 1839 m/s C. Two isothermal and two constant Answer: C Answer: A
C. 4839 m/s pressure
D. 839 m/s D. Two adiabatic and two constant 182. The Beattie-Bridgeman equation of state is 187. A compound pressure gauge is used to
Answer: B pressure quite accurate in cases of: measure:
B. Steam point When hot soup was served in a cup 202. the following are included in the first law
A. Complex pressures C. Critical point during dinner an engineer was so thermodynamics for closed system
B. Variable pressures D. Freezing point eager to drink it. Since it was hot, he EXCEPT:
C. Average pressures added cubes of ice to cool the soup
D. Positive and negative pressures Answer: B and stirred it. He noticed that dew A. heat transferred in and of the system
starts to form on the outermost B. work done by or on the system
Answer: D 193. PAST ME BOARD QUESTION surface of the cup. What is this C. internal energy
The temperature of a pure substance temperature equal to? D. kinetic energy
188. Which of the engine is used for fighter at a temperature of absolute zero is:
bombers? A. Superheated temperature Answer: D
A. Unity B. Equal to zero
A. Turboprop B. Zero C. Standard temperature 203. All process below are irreversible except
B. Turbojet C. Infinity D. Equal to air’s dew point one. Which one?
C. Ramjet D. 100 temperature
D. Pulsejet A. Magnetization with hysteresis
Answer: B Answer: D B. Elastic tension and release of a steel
Answer: B bar
194. PAST ME BOARD QUESTION 198. Is a measure of the energy that is no C. Inelastic deformation
189. PAST ME BOARD QUESTION When the number of reheat stages in longer available to perform useful work D. Heat conduction
The thermal efficiency of gas – vapor a reheat cycle is increased, the within the current environment.
cycle as compared to steam turbine average temperature: Answer: B
or gas turbine A. Absolute entropy
A. Increases B. Absolute enthalpy 204. The combination of conditions that best
A. Greater than B. Decreases C. Fugacity describes a thermodynamic process is
B. Less than C. Is constant D. Molar value given by which of the following?
C. Not comparable D. Is zero
D. equal Answer: A I. Has successive states through which
Answer: A the system passes
Answer: A 199. A graph of enthalpy versus entropy for
195. PAST ME BOARD QUESTION steam. II. When reversed leaves no change in
190. PAST ME BOARD QUESTION A temperature measurement in an the system
The process in which heat energy is ordinary thermometer which has A. Mollier diagram
transferred to a thermal energy constant specific humidity. B. Moody diagram III. When reversed leaves no change in
storage device is known as: C. Steam table the system or the surroundings
A. Critical temperature D. Maxwell diagram
A. Adiabatic B. Dew point temperature IV. States are passes through so quickly
B. Regeneration C. Dry bulb temperature Answer: A that the surroundings do not change
C. Intercooling D. Wet bulb temperature
D. Heat transfer 200. The reaction of inertia in an accelerated A. I and II
Answer: B body is called B. I and III
Answer: B C. I and IV
196. PAST ME BOARD QUESTION A. Kinetic reaction D. I only
191. PAST ME BOARD QUESTION In a closed vessel, when vaporization B. Endothermic reaction
The absolute zero in Celsius scale is: takes place, the temperature rises. C. Kinematic reaction Answer: D
Due to the rising temperature, the D. Dynamic reaction
A. 100 pressure increases until an Answer: A 205. PAST ME BOARD QUESTION
B. 0 equilibrium is established between The sum of the energies of all the
C. – 273 the temperature and pressure. The 201. A Mollier chart of thermodynamic molecules in a system where
D. 273 temperature of equilibrium is called: properties is shown in which of the energies appear in several complex
following diagrams? forms is the:
Answer: C A. Dew point
B. Ice point A. T – S diagram A. Kinetic energy
192. PAST ME BOARD QUESTION C. Superheated temperature B. P – V diagram B. Potential energy
What is the temperature when water D. Boiling point C. h – S diagram C. Internal energy
and vapor are in equilibrium with the D. p – h diagram D. Frictional energy
atmospheric pressure? Answer: D
Answer: C Answer: C
A. Ice point 197. PAST ME BOARD QUESTION
206. PAST ME BOARD QUESTION B. Work done by or in the system 215. Represents the temperature an ideal gas D. 0 °F 29.92 in Hg
The Carnot cycle refrigeration cycle C. Magnetic system will attain when it is brought to rest
includes all of the following process D. Internal system adiabatically. Answer: D
except:
Answer: C A. Absolute zero temperature 221. The variation of pressure in an isobaric
A. Isentropic expansion B. Stagnation temperature process is:
B. Isothermal heating 211. PAST ME BOARD QUESTION C. Boiling temperature
C. Isenthalpic expansion The following terms are included in D. Critical temperature A. Linear with temperature
D. Isentropic compression the first law of thermodynamics for B. Described by the perfect gas law
closed systems except: Answer: B C. Inversely proportional to temperature
Answer: C D. Zero
A. Heat transferred in and out of 216. Gauge pressure and absolute pressure
207. PAST ME BOARD QUESTION the system differ from each other by: Answer: D
The maximum possible work that can B. Work done by or in the system
be obtained a cycle operating C. Magnetic system A. The system units 222. For fluid flow, the enthalpy is the sum of
between two reservoirs is found from: D. Internal system B. Atmospheric pressure internal energy and _______.
C. The size of the gauge
A. Process irreversibility Answer: C D. Nothing they mean the same thing A. Entropy
B. Availability B. Work flow
C. Carnot efficiency 212. PAST ME BOARD QUESTION Answer: B C. Pressure
D. Reversible work Which of the following statements D. Temperature
about a path function is not true? 217. Each of the following are correct values of
Answer: C standard atmospheric pressure except: Answer: B
A. On a p – v diagram, it can
208. PAST ME BOARD QUESTION represent work done A. 1,000 atm 223. A thermodynamic process whose deviation
The following factors are necessary B. On a t – s diagram, it can B. 14.962 psia from equilibrium is infinitesimal at all times
to define a thermodynamic cycle represent heat transferred C. 760 torr is ________.
except C. It is dependent on the path D. 1013 mmHg
between states of A. Reversible
A. The working substance thermodynamic equilibrium Answer: D B. Isentropic
B. High and low temperature D. It represents values of p, v, t, C. In quasi – equilibrium
reservoirs and s between states that are 218. All of the following are properties of an D. Isenthalpic
C. The time it takes to complete path functions ideal gas except:
the cycle Answer: C
D. The means of doing work on Answer: D A. Density
the system B. Pressure 224. Which thermodynamic property best
213. A constant pressure thermodynamic C. Viscosity describes the molecular activity of a
Answer: C process obeys: D. Temperature substance?

209. PAST ME BOARD QUESTION A. Boyle’s law Answer: C A. Enthalpy


All of the following terms included in B. Charles’ law B. Entropy
the second law for open system C. Amagat’s law 219. Which of the following is not the universal C. Internal energy
except D. Dalton’s law gas constant? D. External energy

A. Shaft work Answer: B A. 1545 ft-lb/lbmol-°R Answer: C


B. Flow work B. 8.314 J/mol.K
C. Internal energy 214. The first and second laws of C. 8314 kJ/mol.K 225. Stagnation enthalpy represents the
D. Average work thermodynamics are: D. 8.314 kJ/kmol.K enthalpy of a fluid when it is brought to rest
_______.
Answer: D A. Continuity equations Answer: C
B. Momentum equations A. Isometrically
210. PAST ME BOARD QUESTION C. Energy equations 220. The following are all commonly quoted B. Adiabatically
The following terms are included in D. Equations of state values of standard temperatures and C. Isothermally
the first law of thermodynamics for pressure except: D. Disobarically
open systems except Answer: C
A. 32 °F and 14.696 psia Answer: B
A. Heat transferred in and out of B. 273.15 K and 101.325 kPa
the system C. 0 °C and 760 mmHg
226. During stagnation process, the kinetic C. The energy released in a chemical Answer: D
energy of a fluid is converted to enthalpy reaction 241. Properties of superheated vapor are given
which results in an: D. The energy required to melt the 236. If a substance temperature is less than its by
substance saturation temperature, the substance is:
A. Increase in the fluid specific volume A. The perfect gas law
B. Increase in the fluid pressure Answer: D A. Sub cooled liquid B. A superheated table
C. Increase in the fluid temperature and B. Wet vapor C. A one to one relationship, such as
pressure 232. The heat of vaporization involves the C. Saturated vapor the properties of saturated steam
D. Increase in the fluid temperature change in enthalpy due to: D. Superheated vapor D. a Viral equation of state

Answer: C A. The change in phase from solid to Answer: A Answer: B


gas
227. The properties of fluid at the stagnation in B. The change in phase from liquid to 237. If a substance temperature is equal to its 242. Properties of non – reacting gas mixtures
state are called _______. gas saturation temperature, the substance is a are given by
C. The energy released in a chemical _______.
A. Stagnation property reaction A. Geometric weighting
B. Stagnation phase D. The change in phase from solid to A. Sub cooled liquid B. Volumetric weighting
C. Stagnation state liquid B. Wet vapor C. Volumetric weighting for molecular
D. Stagnation vapor C. Saturated liquid and vapor weight and density, and geometric
Answer: B D. Superheated vapor weighting for all other properties
Answer: C except entropy
233. The heat of sublimation involves the Answer: C D. Arithmetic average
228. All of the following are thermodynamic change in enthalpy due to ________.
properties except _______. 238. If a substance’s temperature is greater Answer: C
A. The change in phase from solid to than its saturation temperature, the
A. Temperature gas substance is a ________. 243. The relationship between the total volume
B. Pressure B. The change in phase from liquid to of a mixture of non – reacting gases and
C. Density gas A. Sub cooled liquid their partial volume is given by:
D. Modulus of elasticity C. The energy released in a chemical B. Wet vapor
reaction C. Saturated vapor A. Gravimetric fractions
Answer: D D. The change in phase from solid to D. Superheated vapor B. Amagat’s law
liquid C. Dalton’s law
229. A liquid boils when its vapor pressure Answer: D D. Mole fractions
equals Answer: A
239. Critical properties refer to Answer: B
A. The gage pressure 234. A specific property
B. The critical pressure A. Extremely important properties, such 244. The relationship between the total pressure
C. The ambient pressure A. Defines a specific variable (e.g., as temperature and pressure of a mixture of non – reacting gases and
D. One standard atmosphere temperature) B. Heat required for phase change and the partial pressures of constituents is
B. Is independent of mass important for energy production given by:
Answer: C C. Is an extensive property multiplied by C. Property values where liquid and gas
mass phase are indistinguishable A. Gravimetric fractions
230. A system composed of ice and water at 0 D. Is dependent of the phase of the D. Properties having to do with B. Volumetric fractions
°C is said to be _______. substance equilibrium conditions, such as the C. Dalton’s law
Gibbs and Helmholtz functions. D. Mole fractions
A. A multiphase material Answer: A
B. In thermodynamic equilibrium Answer: C Answer: C
C. In thermal equilibrium 235. A material’s specific heat can be defined
D. All of the above as: 240. For a saturated vapor, the relationship 245. Which of the following is the best definition
between temperature and pressure is given of enthalpy?
Answer: D A. The ratio of heat required to change by:
the temperature of mass by a change A. The ratio of heat added to the
231. The heat of fusion of a pure substance is: in temperature A. The perfect gas law temperature increases in a system
B. Being different for constant pressure B. Van der Waal’s equation B. The amount of useful energy in a
A. The change in phase from solid to and constant temperature processes C. The steam table system
gas C. A function of temperature D. a Viral equation of state C. The amount of energy no longer
B. The change in phase from liquid to D. All of the above available to the system
gas Answer: C
D. The heat required to cause a B. Diffusion Answer: B
complete conversion between two C. Current flow through an electrical Answer: A
phases at a constant temperature resistance 259. PAST ME BOARD QUESTION
D. An isentropic compression of a 255. PAST ME BOARD QUESTION What is referred by control volume?
Answer: B perfect gas The work done in an adiabatic
Answer: D process in a system: A. An isolated system
246. Which of the following statements is not 251. All of the following processes are B. Closed system
true for real gases? irreversible except: A. Is equal to the change in total C. Fixed region in space
energy in a closed system D. Reversible process only
A. Molecules occupy a volume not A. Magnetized with hysteresis B. Is equal to the total net heat
negligible in comparison to the total B. Elastic tension and release of a steel transfer plus the entropy Answer: C
volume of gas bar change
B. Real gases are subjected to C. Inelastic deformation C. Is equal to the change in total 260. PAST ME BOARD QUESTION
attractive forces between molecules D. Heat conduction energy of closed system plus What is the most efficient
(e.g., Van der Waal’s forces) the entropy change thermodynamic cycle?
C. The law of corresponding states may Answer: B D. Is equal to the change in total
be used for real gases energy of closed system plus A. Carnot
D. Real gases are found only rarely in 252. Which of the following state(s) is/are net heat transfer B. Diesel
nature necessary for a system to be in C. Rankine
thermodynamic equilibrium? Answer: D D. Brayton
Answer: D
A. Chemical equilibrium 256. PAST ME BOARD QUESTION Answer: A
247. The stagnation state is called the isentropic B. Thermal equilibrium Based on the first law of 261. PAST ME BOARD QUESTION
stagnation state when the stagnation C. Mechanical equilibrium thermodynamics, which of the How do you treat a statement that is
process is: D. Chemical, mechanical, and thermal following is wrong? considered a scientific law?
equilibrium
A. Reversible as well dynamic A. The heat transfer equals the A. We postulate to be true
B. Isotropic Answer: D work plus energy change B. Accept as a summary of
C. Adiabatic B. The heat transfer cannot experimental observation
D. Reversible as well as adiabatic 253. Adiabatic heat transfer within a vapor cycle exceed the work done C. We generally observed to be
refers to: C. The net transfer equal the net true
Answer: D work of the cycle D. Believe to be derived from
A. Heat transfer that is atmospheric but D. The net heat transfer equals mathematical theorem
248. The entropy of a fluid remains constant not reversible the energy change if no work is
during what process? B. The transfer of energy from one done Answer: B
stream to another in a heat
A. Polytropic stagnation process exchanger so that the energy of the Answer: B 262. ME BOARD QUESTION
B. Unsteady stagnation process input streams equals the energy of An instrument commonly used in
C. Combustion process the output streams 257. PAST ME BOARD QUESTION most research and engineering
D. Isentropic stagnation process C. Heat transfer that is reversible but not Assuming real processes, the net laboratories because it is small and
isentropic entropy change in the universe: fast among the other thermometers
Answer: D D. There is no such thing as adiabatic
heat transfer A. Must be calculated A. Mercury thermometer
249. All of the following processes are B. Equals zero B. Liquid-in-glass thermometer
irreversible except Answer: B C. Is negative C. Gas thermometer
D. Is positive D. Thermocouple
A. Stirring of viscous fluid 254. PAST ME BOARD QUESTION
B. An isentropic deceleration of a Which of the following gives Answer: D Answer: D
moving perfect fluid polytropic under n?
C. An unrestrained expansion of a gas 258. PAST ME BOARD QUESTION 263. PAST ME BOARD QUESTION
D. Phase changes log 𝑃₂
𝑃₁ Which of the following types of flow In an actual gases, the molecular
A.
log 𝑉₁
𝑉₂ meters is most accurate? collisions are
Answer: B log 𝑃₁
𝑃₂
B.
log 𝑉₁
𝑉₂ A. Venture tube A. Plastic
250. All of the following processes are log 𝑉₁
𝑉₂
B. Pitot tube B. Elastic
C.
irreversible except: log 𝑃₂
𝑃₁ C. Flow nozzle C. Inelastic
log 𝑉₁
𝑉₂
D. Foam type D. Inplastic
D.
A. Chemical reactions log 𝑃₁
𝑃₂
Answer: A B. Joule cycle 278. PAST ME BOARD QUESTION
C. Carnot cycle A. Isentropic What condition exists in an adiabatic
264. PAST ME BOARD QUESTION D. Otto cycle B. Adiabatic throttling process?
Which of the following is used in C. Isometric
thermal power plant? Answer: B D. Isobaric A. Enthalpy is variable
B. Enthalpy is constant
A. Brayton 269. PAST ME BOARD QUESTION Answer: C C. Entropy is constant
B. Reversed Carnot A steam nozzle changes D. Specific volume is constant
C. Rankine 274. PAST ME BOARD QUESTION
D. Otto A. Kinetic energy into heat energy Dew point is defined as Answer: B
B. Heat energy into potential
Answer: C energy A. The temperature to which the 279. PAST ME BOARD QUESTION
C. Heat energy into kinetic energy air must be cooled at constant The specific gravity of a substance is
265. PAST ME BOARD QUESTION D. Potential energy into heat pressure to produce saturation the ratio of its density to the density
The elongation and compression of a energy B. The point where the pressure of:
helical spring is an example of and temperature lines meet
Answer: C C. The temperature which dew is A. Mercury
A. Irreversible process formed in the air B. Gas
B. Reversible process 270. PAST ME BOARD QUESTION D. The pressure which dew is C. Air
C. Isothermal process The pitot tube is a device used for formed in the air D. Water
D. Adiabatic process measurement of Answer: A
Answer: D
Answer: B A. Pressure 275. PAST ME BOARD QUESTION
B. Flow What do you call the changing of an 280. PAST ME BOARD QUESTION
266. PAST ME BOARD QUESTION C. Velocity atom of element into an atom of a A compound pressure gauge used to
Otto cycle consist of D. Discharge different element with a different measure:
atomic mass?
A. Two isentropic and two Answer: C A. Complex pressures
constant volume processes A. Atomization B. Variable pressures
B. Two isentropic and two 271. PAST ME BOARD QUESTION B. Atomic transmutation C. Compound pressures
constant pressure processes The continuity equation is applicable C. Atomic pile D. Positive and negative pressure
C. Two adiabatic and two to D. Atomic energy
isothermal processes Answer: D
D. Two isothermal and two A. Viscous, unviscous fluids Answer: B
constant volume processes B. Compressibility of fluids 281. PAST ME BOARD QUESTION
C. Conservation of mass 276. PAST ME BOARD QUESTION Isentropic flow is
Answer: A D. Steady, unsteady flow What do you call the weight of the
column of air above the earth’s A. Perfect gas flow
267. PAST ME BOARD QUESTION Answer: C surface? B. Ideal fluid flow
Brayton cycle has C. Frictionless reversible flow
272. PAST ME BOARD QUESTION A. Air pressure D. Reversible adiabatic flow
A. Two isentropic and two The work done by a force of R B. Aerostatic pressure
constant volume processes Newtons moving in a distance of L C. Wind pressure Answer: D
B. Two isentropic and two meters is converted entirely into D. Atmospheric pressure
constant pressure processes kinetic energy and expressed by the 282. PAST ME BOARD QUESTION
C. One constant pressure, one equation: Answer: D Under ideal conditions, isothermal,
constant volume and two isobaric, isochoric and adiabatic
adiabatic processes A. RL = 2MV2 277. PAST ME BOARD QUESTION processes are:
D. Two isothermal, one constant B. RL = 2MV What keeps the moisture from
volume and one constant 1 passing through the system? A. Dynamic processes
C. RL = MV2
2
pressure processes 1 B. Stable processes
D. RL = MV
2 A. Dehydrator C. Quasi-static processes
Answer: B B. Aerator D. Static processes
Answer: C C. Trap
268. PAST ME BOARD QUESTION D. Humidifier Answer: C
A Bell-Coleman cycle is a reversed 273. PAST ME BOARD QUESTION
Gas being heated at constant volume Answer: A 283. PAST ME BOARD QUESTION
A. Stirling cycle is undergoing the process of: One watt is:
A. Water D. Two adiabatic, one constant When the expansion or compression
A. 1 Nm/s B. Electricity volume and constant pressure of gas takes place “without transfer of
B. 1 Nm/min C. Steam processes heat” to or from the gas, the process
C. 1Nm/hr D. Air is called:
D. 1 kNm/s Answer: A
Answer: D 293. PAST ME BOARD QUESTION A. Reversible
Answer: A A Stirling cycle has B. Adiabatic
289. PAST ME BOARD QUESTION C. Polytropic
284. PAST ME BOARD QUESTION Which of the following gases can be A. Two adiabatic and two constant D. Isothermal
A temperature above which a given used to measure the lowest volume processes
gas cannot be liquefied: temperature? B. Two adiabatic and two constant Answer: B
pressure processes
A. Cryogenic temperature A. Nitrogen C. Two isothermal and two 298. PAST ME BOARD QUESTION
B. Vaporization temperature B. Helium constant pressure processes Another name for the liquid valve is:
C. Absolute temperature C. Oxygen D. Two isothermal and two
D. Critical temperature D. Hydrogen constant volume processes A. Freon valve
Answer: B B. Shut-off valve
Answer: D Answer: D C. King valve
290. PAST ME BOARD QUESTION D. Master valve
285. PAST ME BOARD QUESTION The triple point of a substance is the 294. PAST ME BOARD QUESTION
The effectiveness of a body as a temperature is and pressure at The temperature of the fluid flowing Answer: C
thermal which: under pressure through a pipe is
radiator at a given temperature. usually measured by: 299. PAST ME BOARD QUESTION
A. The solid and liquid phases are A liquid whose temperature is lower
A. Absorptivity in equilibrium A. A glass thermometer than the saturation temperature
B. Emissivity B. The solid and gaseous phases B. An electric resistance corresponding to the existing
C. Conductivity are in equilibrium thermometer pressure:
D. Reflectivity C. The solid, liquid and gaseous C. A thermocouple
phases are in equilibrium D. All of the above A. Subcooled liquid
Answer: B D. The solid does not melt, the B. Saturated liquid
liquid does not boil and the gas Answer: D C. Pure liquid
286. PAST ME BOARD QUESTION does not condense D. Compressed liquid
Which of the following occurs in a 295. PAST ME BOARD QUESTION
reversible polytrophic process? Answer: D Specific heat capacity is an SI Answer: A
derived unit described as
A. Enthalpy remains constant 291. PAST ME BOARD QUESTION 300. PAST ME BOARD QUESTION
B. Internal energy does not Which of the following relations is not A.
𝐽 The law that states “Entropy of all
𝑘𝑔
change applicable in a free expansion 𝑊 perfect crystalline solids is zero at
C. Some heat transfer occurs process? B. absolute zero temperature:
𝑚𝐾
𝑘𝐽
D. Entropy remains constant C.
𝑘𝑔𝐾
A. Heat rejected is zero 𝐽 A. Zeroth law of thermodynamics
Answer: C B. Work done is zero D. B. First law of thermodynamics
𝑚
C. Change in temperature is zero C. Second law of thermodynamics
287. ME Board Oct. 1997 D. Heat supplied is zero Answer: C D. Third law of thermodynamics
The instrument used to measure
atmosphere pressure is: Answer: C 296. PAST ME BOARD QUESTION Answer: D
Which of the following is
A. Rotameter 292. PAST ME BOARD QUESTION mathematically a thermodynamic 301. PAST ME BOARD QUESTION
B. Manometer Ericsson cycle has property? What should be the temperature of
C. Venturi both water and steam whenever they
D. Barometer A. Two isothermal and two A. A point function are present together?
constant pressure processes B. Discontinuous
Answer: D B. Two isothermal and two C. A path function A. Saturation temperature for the
constant volume processes D. Exact differential existing pressure
288. ME Board Oct. 1997 C. Two isothermal and two B. Boiling point of water at
A pneumatic tool is generally constant entropy process Answer: A 101.325 kPa
powered by C. Superheated temperature
297. PAST ME BOARD QUESTION
D. One hundred degrees Answer: C C. Viscosity
centigrade Answer: B D. Density
311. PAST ME BOARD QUESTION
Answer: A 307. PAST ME BOARD QUESTION At steam point, the temperatures of Answer: C
Nozzles does not involve any work water and its vapor at standard
302. PAST ME BOARD QUESTION interaction. The fluid through this pressure are: 315. PAST ME BOARD QUESTION
A manometer is an instrument that is device experiences: What is the pressure at the exit of a
used to measure: A. Extremes or maximum draft tube in a turbine?
A. No change in potential energy B. Unity
A. Air pressure B. No change in kinetic energy C. In equilibrium A. Below atmospheric
B. Heat radiation C. No change in enthalpy D. Undefined B. Above at atmospheric
C. Condensate water level D. Vacuum C. Atmospheric
D. Air volume Answer: C D. Vacuum
Answer: A
Answer: A 312. PAST ME BOARD QUESTION Answer: C
308. PAST ME BOARD QUESTION When hot soup was served in a cup
303. PAST ME BOARD QUESTION If the actual kinetic energy of a during dinner, an engineer was so
What is the area under the curve of a nozzle is Ka and Ki is the maximum eager to drink it. Since it was hot, he
temperature – entropy diagram? value that can be attained by an added cubes of ice to cool the soup 316. PAST ME BOARD QUESTION
isentropic expansion from an initial to and stirred it. He noticed that dew When changes in kinetic energy of a
A. Volume final state, then the efficiency of the starts to form on the outermost compressed gas are negligible or
B. Heat nozzle is: surface of the cup. He wanted to insignificant, the work input to an
C. Work check the temperature of the adiabatic compressor is ________.
D. Entropy 𝐾𝑖 outermost surface of the cup. What is
A.
𝐾𝑎
𝐾𝑎−𝐾𝑖 this temperature equal to? A. Negligible
Answer: B B.
𝐾𝑎 B. Zero
𝐾𝑎−𝐾𝑖
C. A. Superheated temperature C. Infinity
𝐾𝑖
304. PAST ME BOARD QUESTION 𝐾𝑎 B. Equal to zero D. Equal to change in enthalpy
D.
What do bodies at a temperature 𝐾𝑖 C. Standard temperature
above absolute zero emit? D. Equal to air’s dew point Answer: D
Answer: D temperature
A. Energy 317. PAST ME BOARD QUESTION
B. Heat of convection 309. PAST ME BOARD QUESTION Answer: D What is the area under the curve of a
C. Thermal radiation The convergent section of a nozzle
pressure volume diagram?
D. Heat of Compression increases the velocity of the flow of the
gas. What does it to do on its pressure?
A. Non flow work
Answer: C A. Pressure becomes constant
313. PAST ME BOARD QUESTION B. Steady flow work
B. Pressure equals the velocity
What do you call a conversion C. Heat
305. PAST ME BOARD QUESTION C. It increases the pressure
technology that yields electricity D. Power
In the absence of any irreversibilities D. It decreases the pressure
straight from sunlight without the aid
a thermoelectric generator, a device of a working substance like gas or
that incorporates both thermal and Answer: D
steam without the use of any Answer: A
electric effects, will have the mechanical cycle?
efficiency of a/an 310. PAST ME BOARD QUESTION
318. PAST ME BOARD QUESTION
In a closed vessel, when the
A. Power conversion In Striling and Ericsson cycle,
A. Carnot cycle vaporization takes place, the
B. Stirling cycle conversion regeneration can
B. Otto cycle temperature rises. Due to the rising
C. Solar thermal conversion
C. Diesel cycle temperature, the pressure increases
D. Photovoltaic-energy conversion A. Increase efficiency
D. Rankine cycle until an equilibrium is established
B. Decrease efficiency
between the temperature and
Answer: D C. Control efficiency
Answer: A pressure. The temperature of
D. Limit efficiency
equilibrium is called _____.
314. PAST ME BOARD QUESTION
306. PAST ME BOARD QUESTION Which of the following property of Answer: A
Both Sterling and Ericson engines are A. Dew point
liquid extend resistance to angular or
A. Internal combustion engines B. Ice point
shear deformation: 319. PAST ME BOARD QUESTION
B. External combustion engines C. Boiling point
The first law of thermodynamics is
C. Carnot engines D. Superheated temperature
A. Specific gravity based on which of the following
D. Brayton engines B. Specific weight principles?
B. 1 btu Answer: D
A. Conservation of mass C. 1 calorie Answer: B
B. Enthalpy-entropy relationship D. 1 ergs 330. PAST ME BOARD QUESTION
C. Entropy-temperature The true pressure measured above a 335. For bodies in thermal equilibrium with their
relationship Answer: A perfect vacuum is: environment, the ratio of total emissive
D. Conservation of energy power to the absorptivity is constant at any
325. PAST ME BOARD QUESTION A. Absolute pressure temperature.
Answer: D Which of the following is the B. Atmospheric pressure
instrument used to measure fluid C. Gauge pressure A. Stefan-Boltzmann law
320. PAST ME BOARD QUESTION velocity? D. Vacuum pressure B. Planck’s law
In two-phase system. 30% moisture A. Pitot tube C. Kirchhoff’s law
means, B. Orstat apparatus Answer: A D. Maxwell’s law
C. Anemometer
A. 70% liquid and 30% vapor D. Viscosimeter 331. PAST ME BOARD QUESTION Answer: C
B. 70% vapor and 30% liquid If an initial volume of an ideal gas is
C. 30% liquid and 100% vapor Answer: A compressed to one- half its original
D. 30% vapor and 100% liquid volume and to twice its original
326. PAST ME BOARD QUESTION temperature, the pressure:
Answer: B Cryogenic temperature ranges from:
A. Doubles
321. PAST ME BOARD QUESTION A. -150 °F to -359 °F B. Halves
At 101.325 kPa, the boiling point of B. -120 °F to -459°F C. Quadruples
water is 100 °C. If the pressure is C. -100°F to – 300°F D. Triples
decreased, the boiling temperature D. -200°F to -400°F
will: Answer: C
Answer: B
A. Increase 332. PAST ME BOARD QUESTION
B. Decrease 327. PAST ME BOARD QUESTION When the expansion or compression
C. Remain the same Steam at 2 kPa is saturated at of gas takes place without the
D. Drop to zero 17.5°C. In what stable will the state transfer of heat to or from the gas,
be at 40°C if the pressure is 2.0 kPa? the process is called:
Answer: B
A. Superheated A. Isometric process
322. PAST ME BOARD QUESTION B. Saturated B. Isothermal process
Which of the following is equivalent to C. Subcooled C. Isobaric process
1 hp in Btu/hr? D. Supersaturated D. Adiabatic process

A. 778 Answer: A Answer: D


B. 2545
C. 746 328. PAST ME BOARD QUESTION 333. A body radiates heat proportional to the
D. 3.41 Acceleration is proportional to force. fourth power of its absolute temperature:

Answer: B A. Newtons law A. Stefan-boltzmann law


B. Archimedes principle B. Planck’s law
323. PAST ME BOARD QUESTION C. Law of gravitation C. Kirchhoff’s law
What is the pressure above zero? D. Theory of relativity D. Maxwell’s law

A. Gage pressure Answer: A Answer: A


B. Absolute pressure
C. Vacuum pressure 329. PAST ME BOARD QUESTION 334. All substances emit radiation, the quantity
D. Atmospheric pressure Which of the following could be and quality of which depends upon the
defined as simply push and pull? absolute temperature and the properties of
Answer: A the material, composing the radiating body.
A. Power
324. PAST ME BOARD QUESTION B. Inertia A. Stefan-Boltzmann law
One newton – meter is equal to: C. Work B. Planck’s law
D. Force C. Kirchhoff’s law
A. 1 joule D. Maxwell’s law