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Internet of Things for Smart Cities

Author, Sasan Radan

Abstract — We will be focusing on IoT technology, d. Waste Management


and how the aim is to seamlessly incorporate such
Many modern cities nowadays face waste
technology into our everyday lives, while incorporating
IoT seems straight forwards there are many management issues, due to a shortage in landfill space and
complexities, as IoT has a much wider scope. service cost. However integrating IoT technology in the
Connecting everything in our everyday lives together, domain can potentially result in considerable savings and
requires extremely advanced architecture systems that economical advantages. By incorporating IoT technology,
are able to process all the inputs and outputs 24/7. In an everyday object such as a bin can be transformed into a
this paper we will be discussing smart cities and how smart bin that can monitor the level of waste or detect the
they are looking to harness IoT and to use it to its full type of waste placed in the bin [1]. However such
potential, through the use of waste management, technology also requires a management service where IoT
parking availability and building health and much is used to connect the smart bins to control centres where
more. the data from the smart bins are collected and based on the
data provided the software determines when is the best
Index - IoT, Smart Cities, Smart homes, Waste time and route for collection.
management, Parking availability, Building heath and
Future technology. e. Parking Availability
With the use of IoT technology smart parking will
operate through the use of sensors and intelligent displays
that will be used to guide the driver through the best
I. INTRODUCTION possible route for available parking spots in the city [1].
Therefore factors such as traffic congestion and air
a. Innovative features in Modern computing pollution will be reduced due to less time being used locate
Technological advancements within modern an available parking spot. This technology can also be
computing has developed significantly in recent times, so further enhanced to inform drivers of reserved or disabled
much so that we are currently living in a technological slots.
boom, with everyday objects becoming more and more
advanced. f. Building Heath
To determine whether buildings within cities are
b. Internet Of Things vulnerable to external impacts and identifying the areas
IoT technology will result in future devices we use in most affected, continuous monitoring is required. With the
our everyday lives to start acquiring microcontrollers and integration of IoT various sensors throughout a building
transceivers which will allow devices and the users to can be used to measure various factors such as the
digitally communicate with one another [1]. Previous and structural integrity and building stress. A database will
forecasted trends suggest that the growth of IoT will collect all the gathered data which then can be used to
continue to rise [2]. With progressively more devices determine whether maintenance is required if so in what
acquiring online capabilities it is only a matter of time areas of the building [1].
before the vast majority of the devices that we use in our
everyday lives become digitally connected. g. Smart Homes
Industries such as retail are looking to capitalize on IoT More and more homes nowadays are equipped with
technology by connecting to customers, growing their smart devices that are capable of observing and interacting
brand and improving customer experience [3]. However, with their surrounding environment. By incorporating
despite its advantages, such data intensive technology also smart technology into homes not only are the users
presents vulnerabilities towards privacy and security provided with a sense of comfort, but the house itself is
threats. able to take advantage of this technology and make the
house operate more efficiently [5]. With the vast majority
of homes starting to harness IoT technology, the plan will
II. SMART CITIES
be to make IoT mainstream in homes and cities around the
globe. Enabling a better and a smarter way of living.
c. Development Trends
Throughout the globe, smart cities will start becoming
more apparent and by 2020 the smart city market will be
III. The Future
worth hundreds of billion dollars [1]. Cities will look to
harness IoT technology by creating a responsive city that
Technology is a fundamental part of our lives, people are
reduces factors such as waste and parking availability
always seeking for more convenient and efficient ways of
while making the city safer and more sustainable through
doing the tasks in their everyday lives. IoT will continue
the incorporation of smart buildings [4].
to grow from our homes to our cities where eventually
majority of the homes and cities around the globe will
considered as smart home and smart cites.

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REFERENCES

[1] A. Zanella, N. Bui, A. Castellani, L. Vangelista


and M. Zorzi, "Internet of Things for Smart Cities," in
IEEE Internet of Things Journal, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 22-32,
Feb. 2014.

[2] Columbus, L. (2016). Roundup Of Internet Of


Things Forecasts And Market Estimates. [online] Forbes.
Available at:
https://www.forbes.com/sites/louiscolumbus/2016/11/27/
roundup-of-internet-of-things-forecasts-and-market-
estimates2016/amp/

[3] Uhlir, K. (2018). 12 IoT Trends: Experts


Answering How IoT Will Evolve by 2020. [online]
Newgenapps.com. Available at:
https://www.newgenapps.com/blog/iot-trends-how-
internet-of-things-will-evolve-by-2020

[4] Newman, D. (2018). The Top 8 IoT


Trends For 2018. [online] Forbes. Available
at:
https://www.forbes.com/sites/danielnewman/2017/12/19/
the-top-8-iot-trends-for-2018/#139bd75e67f7

[5] Mongay Batalla, J. Vasilakos, A. and Gajewski,


M. (2017). Secure Smart Homes: Opportunities and
Challenges. [online] 50(5), pp.1- 32. Available at:
https://dl-acm-
org.ezproxy.bcu.ac.uk/citation.cfm?id=3122816

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