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Fundamentals of Hardware, Operating System and Networking

Unit 1: Computer Hardware Basics

 Basics of Motherboard including CMOS and BIOS


 Working of processors and types of processors
 System memory
 Introduction to RAM
 System storage devices
o Types of hard disks - FAT, NTFS, RAID etc.
o Optical drives
o Removable storage devices
o Tape drives and backup systems
 Common computer ports – Serial – Parallel - USB ports etc.
 Different input systems - Key Board - Mouse etc.
 Display arrays – VGA – SVGA – AGP
 Additional display cards
 Monitors and their types
 Printers and their types

Unit 2: Operating Systems


 Operating system basics
o Functions of operating system
o Functions of Client Operating System
o Functions of Server operating system
o Introduction to Command line operation
 Basics on files and directories
 Details about system files and boot process
 Introduction to device drivers

Unit 3: Computer Principles and a Back Box Model of the PC


 Memory and processor
 Address and data buses
 Stored program concept
 Physical components of the PC and how they fit together and interact
 Basic electrical safety
 Motherboards and the design of the PC
 Dismantling and re-building PCs
 Power On Self Test and boot sequence
o Architecture of real mode
o Interrupts
o Start of boot sequence
o Power On Self Test (POST)

Unit 4: Basics of Cloud Computing


 Concept – Fundamentals of Cloud Computing
 Types of clouds
 Security Design and Architecture
 Cloud Computing Service Models
 The Characteristics of Cloud Computing
 Multi Tenancy Model
 Cloud Security Reference Model
 Cloud Computing Deploying Models
 Cloud Identity and Access Management
o Identity Provisioning – Authentication
o Key Management for Access Control – Authorization
o Infrastructure and Virtualization Security
o Hypervisor Architecture Concerns.

Unit 5: Introduction to Networking


 What is networking?
 Need for computer networks
 Network Topologies
 Types of networks
 Hardware needed for setting up simple LAN
 Wireless networks and inter-connecting LANs and WAN
 Communication media
 Network topologies and access methods
 IEEE 802 series standards
 Wireless technology
o Spread spectrum
o WAP and WML - Access points
o Service Set ID (SSID)
o Authentication methods (OSA, SKA)
 Devices used in networking – Hubs – Switches – Routers - Wireless Access Points etc
 Physical connectivity between systems
 Types of Cables
o Ethernet
o Optical Fibre
 Introduction to MAC address
 Introduction to IP address
o IPv4
o Classes of IP address
o Need for subnetting
o Basics of IPV6
o Introduction to Unicast, Multicast and Broadcast

Unit 6: Routing

 Fundamentals of routing
 Link State Routing
 Distance Vector Routing – RIP – EIGRP – OSPF
 Configuring Routers
 Understanding the router architecture
 Assigning IP address to the routers
 Configuring routing protocols

Unit 7: Packet Switched Connection

 Types of connections – Circuit switched, Packet switched


 Why packet switched is preferred
 Types of protocols and need for protocols
 Packet switched Protocols - TCP/ IP

Unit 8: OSI Layers


 Interconnecting disparate systems/ networks – issues
 Open Systems Interconnect
 Seven layers and their functionality
 Introduction to TCP/ IP
o Origins of TCP/ IP and evolution of Internet
 IP Layers Vs OSI
 IP number concepts
 Network address
 Classes of Networks
 Subnet masking
 Static and dynamic IP numbers
 UDP
 Establishing a TCP session (Three way handshake)
 Name to address translation
 Domain Name System

Unit 9: Enterprise Networking

 Configuring Server for enterprise networking


 Introduction to Domains and Work groups
 Understanding DNS and configuring DNS
 Introduction to ADS (Active Directory Service)
 File sharing within network - Understanding DHCP
 Introduction to Mail Exchange server and ISA server
 Network operating system
 Client Server applications
 Peer to Peer Applications
 Measuring performance
 Monitoring tools.