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Explanatory Ans - NIFT GAT 03

1. Milk is 4/7 in vessel A and 2/5 in vessel B. Milk in vessel C should be 1/2. Applying alligation the mixtures in vessels A and B should be mixed in the ratio of:

(b)

(1/2) – (2/5) : (4/7) – (1/2) = 1/10 : 1/14 = 14 : 10 = 7 : 5.

2. Let the cost of picture be P. Then cost of frame = F.

(c)

Given,

P + 75 = 2 x (F - 100) --------------- (ii) Now solving equation (i) and (ii) we get

F = 175.

P + F = 250 ---------- (i)

3. The angle between the hours and minutes hands at exactly 7 is 210 . To be exactly opposite this angle should be 180 . Minutes hand has a relative speed of 5.5 per minute. To cover 210 -180 = 30 , it would take 30 /5.5 =5 5/11 minutes. So, at approximately 7Hr 5.5 mins the hands would be 180 apart.

(b)

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4. 75 is 25% of the number. The number is 300.

(b)

5. Let Anne cover W miles by water. On foot she covered 4W/7 miles and on horseback she covered 2W/5 miles. Given W + (4W/7) + (2W/5) = 3036 or 69W/35 = 3036 or W = 1540 miles. On foot she covered 4W/7 or 4 x 1540/7 = 880 miles. On horseback she covered 2 x 1540/5 = 616 miles.

(a)

6. By simply using the values given in the options.

(c)

7. 196 when turned upside down would be 961. Both are perfect squares.

(c)

8. Each spider takes 5 minutes to catch a fly. A spider would catch 20 flies in 100 minutes. 100 spiders can catch 2000 files in 100 minutes.

(d)

9. Since I had 20 more chocolates even after giving my brother 7 chocolates, I totally won 27 games. My brother won 7 games. Totally 34 games were played.

(b)

10. (a)

11. After transfer from B to A, A has 11 litres: 10 litres wine and 1 litre water. When one litre is removed from A, 10/11 litre of it is wine and 1/11 litre water. Wine transferred from A to B = 10/11 litres.

(c)

12. Given A+ B+C+D = 47…….(1); A+B=27……(2); A+C=25…

(c)

(3); A+D = 23….(4)

Adding (2), (3), and (4) we have 3A+B+C+D =75……(5) From (1) B+C+D = 47-A. Substituting in (5), 3A+47-A=75 or 2A=28 or A = 14. From (2) B=27-14=13.

13. (b) David and Albert have 40 floors between them. The relative speed of travel is 57+63=120 floors per minute. Thus the 40 floors would be covered in 40/120=1/3 minute. In 1/3 minutes. David would have covered 1/3 x 57 =19 floors. Thus the elevators would meet at the 11+19=30 floor.

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14. (b)

Let the numbers be 1,2,3,4 and 5. Average is 3. If 6 and 7 are also added the average would now become 4. Average increases by 1.

15. 52-1=51; 51-3=48; 48-5=43; 43-7=36; 36-9=27; 27-11=16; 34 is the wrong number.

(b)

16. LCM of 32, 40, and 72=1440. Thus if the heap contains 1440-22=1418 pebbles the condition are met. (Note that: 32-10 =22; 40-18=22; 72-50=22).

(b)

17. Let him buy X cows, Y horses and Z chickens. Then we have 1000X + 300Y + 50Z = 10000 and X+Y+Z=100 or 50X+50Y+50Z=5000. Taking the difference we have 950X +250Y =5000. Only one pair of values of X and Y satisfy this equation, when X=5 and Y=1. Thus Z=100-5-1=94.

(b)

18. 38950= 50 x 779= 50 x 41 x 19 = 410 x 95. Thus fee per participant is Rs. 410.

(a)

19. Let Tanya pay Rs. T. Veena paid T/2. Amita paid (2/3) x (T/2) =T/3. Thus total bill = T + (T/2) + (T/3) =11T/6. Fraction of bill paid by Veena = (T/2) / (11T/6) = 3/11.

(b)

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20. Of 128 players 1 won the tournament, while the remaining 127 lost one match each. Since a match produces only one loser, to have127 losers we need 127 matches.

(c)

21. According to the question blue is called violet. The sky is blue. So the sky is violet.

(c)

22. Each letter of word 'BOMBAY' stands for each corresponding letter of the word 'ANLAZX' one place ahead.

(b)

23. (d) 1998 is not a leap year. Thus February had 28 days. If January 26 is a Thursday, then February 1 would be a Wednesday, March 1 would be a Wednesday, April 1 would be a Saturday. May 1 would be a Monday, June 1 would be a Thursday.

24. (c)

25. (c)

26.

As 'Ocean' contains 'Water', 'Glacier' contains 'Ice'.

As Ram and Shyam wear different colours and Ram does not wear white, Shyam will wear white.

(c) Second, Third and Fourth letters of the word 'SACK' take third, second, and first place respectively in the word 'CKAU' while the fourth letter of 'CKAU' stands for the first letter of 'SACK' two letters ahead.

From the given information, it is clear that D has two sons A and B. E is the wife of B; C and F are respectively the daughter and son of B and E.

27. (a)

28. (d)

29. (a)

30. (c)

31. (b)

32. (b)

36. (b)

One proposition is categorical and the other relational. But only some crimes are murder - Converse of first proposition. So murder is one crime; there may be other crimes too.

If P (eggs were not unreal), then Q (men would have wings). From this, the only possible inference is not Q (men would not have wings), then not P (eggs were unreal).

33. (d)

34. (a)

35. (c)

L is 12

th

st

, A the 1 , T is 20

th

and E is the 5

th

letter in the English alphabet. If we add the

numerical positions we get, 12 + 1 + 20 + 5

= 38. Thus 'MAKE'

=

13 + 1 + 11 + 5

=

30.

37. From the rule – S = Rs. 4; O = Re. 1; A = Rs. 6; P = Rs. 5. Thus price of SOAP = 4 + 1 + 6 + 5 = Rs. 16.

(a)

 (d) 38. P = ? C = = I = ; L = 7. The code for ‘CLIP’ is =7;? 39. (b) H E A T E R K B O Q H O

The code follows a forward received sequence. The gap between the alphabet is two.

 C O O L E R F L R I H O

40. Every set of two letters reversed to make the code.

(a)

‘NE’
‘GA’ ‘TI’ ‘VE’
EN
AG
IT
EV
41-44
We can capture the data given as follows:
Book Name
A
B
C
D
E
F
Cover Colour
Red
Blue
Blue
Red
Blue
Red
Book Type
Old
Old
Old
New
Old
New
Book Title
Law
Gaz.
Law
Law.
Gaz.
Gaz.
41.
(d)
42. (b)
43. (d)
44. (c)
45. (d)
46. (b)
47. (c)
48. (d)
49. (b)
50. (d)
52.
(b)
53. (c)
54. (b)
55. (a)
56.
(d)
BACE : DACE : : FACE : HACE
The starting letter are B, D, F, H and the remaining letter are same.
57.
(c)
Z : N :: T : V.
Z
and N are made up to the lines each. T and V are made up to two lines each.
58.
(d)
LLAMS: SMALL: SRENID: DINERS.
Reverse order: Straight order
59.
(b)
CDF : GHJ :: KLN: OPR
There is a gap of letter between the 2nd and 3rd letter of any set.

60. (d)

Passage I

61-65

AP : EQ :: IR : OS Vowels A, E, I, O. Consonants P, Q, R, S.

51. (d)

 61. Refer to para 1: “People, and more importantly…….becoming scarce”. (d) It can inferred from this statement that people, their skills and talents are becoming scarce. 62. Refer to para 1: “In the U.S, the supply……….2000 and 2015”. (a)

 63. Refer to para 1: “People, and more importantly…… (c) of people”. Only statement (a) is true according to the passage. Statement (b) is contradictory to what is stated in the passage. 64. Refer to para 3: “Apart from this,… (b) life any more”. 65. Refer to para 5: ”The rise of the… (b) the new economy”.

66-70

66. Refer to para 1: “His manner of doing…

67. Refer to para 3: “Had he been selfish……of the Christ”.

68. Options (a), (c) and (d) are mentioned in para 1 and in the first line of para 2.

69. Refer to para 3: “The winner is not always……away with the prize”.

70. Refer to para 3: “The degree of unselfishness…….success everywhere”.

71. (a)

(d)

(c)

(b)

(c)

(c)

test of a man”.

72. Seminal means highly influential in an original way; constituting or providing a basis for further development. So derivative which refers to something copied or adapted from others will be its appropriate antonym.

(d)

73. Sinuous means characterized by many curves or turns; not direct, long winding, circuitous. So direct, straight will be its opposites.

(c)

(b)

74. Fumble means to proceed awkwardly and uncertainly, to touch or handle clumsily. So to manage or handle things well, skillfully and adroitly will be its antonym.

75. Mercurial means quick and changeable in temperament. So constant, dependable, predictable, stable, steadfast, steady will be its antonyms.

(c)

76. Veneration is an attitude of respect; contempt is an attitude of disdain or disgust.

(d)

77. Vitriolic means bitter, and is commonly used to describe a person's personality's personality; a pleasant personality is contrary to a vitriolic (bitter) one.

(b)

78. To renege is to go back on one's promise, just the opposite of following through on one's promise.

(c)

(b)

79. Restive means stubborn, resistant. So its opposite will be manageable, docile, calm, placid.

80. Debonair means elegant, refined, genteel. So, its opposite will be clumsy, awkward.

(a)

81.(c)

Erudite means learned, scholarly. Its opposite will be foolish or ignorant.

82. Years of practice leads to a person becoming skillful or proficient at what he is practicing. Deft means adept, skilful.

(a)

83. If we have to secure cooperation, we must give up or throw away, abandon competition.

(b)

84. The clue to answer this blank lies in the phrase “not completely understood” Which means they have understood it incompletely.

(d)

85. Though the slogan was being shouted, he went on without hearing it, or giving much importance to it, without paying attention to it. 'To pay attention' means 'to give importance'.

(d)

86. (a) Because they were fully involved in a discussion, they did not notice. To get engrossed means to be fully I involved in or occupied with. Occupy refers to space or place and even when one is busy, one can notice. Only when one is fully concentrating on something or engrossed in something will one not notice what is happening around him or her.

87. (d)

Since he never lost money in any of his transactions, it can be understood that he was a clever or shrewd businessman.

88. (c)

The captain is trying to convince or guarantee the passengers of his safety. So he is assuring them. Declare, announce are synonyms.

89. Because he was ill for a long time, he became totally weak and had lost all vigour, so he was enervated. 'To be indisposed' means to be slightly unwell. 'Invalid' as an adjective means not valid.

(a)

90. To be all ears means to be listening with great attention. One does so only when the speech is interesting.

(c)

(d)

91. 'to get even with' means to become equal to.

92. Dig out means find something that has not been used for long. Dig over means to dig an area of earth in order to improve the condition of the soil. Dig into means to put your hand in something in order to find something. Dig up means to turn over earth, dig holes into or find new facts about a person or thing.

(d)

93. Pass around is to offer something to each person in a group of people. Pass away is to die. Pass by means to go past a person or place without stopping. Pass for is to appear like that person or thing.

(a)

94. Carry forward is to include an amount of money in a later set of calculations or to help something to progress. Carry off is to succeed in doing or achieving something difficult Carry through is to complete something successfully. Carry away is to be so excited about something that you do not control what you say or do and you forgetabouteverything else.

(c)

95. Hand down is to give or teach something to someone who will be alive after you have died or to give something to someone who is below you. Hand in is to give something to someone in authority. Hand back is to give something back to the person if first belonged to. Hand round is to offer something, especially food or drink to each person in a group of people.

(b)

96. Brain wave is a sudden bright idea. Brain wash is to subject a person to a prolonged process by which ideas other than and at variance with those already held are implicated in the mind. Brain storm is a violent or excited outburst, often as a result of sudden mental tension. Brain power is mental ability or intelligence.

(d)

 97. (b) 98. (b) 99. (c) 100. (d) 101. (c) 102. (a) 103. (d) 104. (c) 105. (b) 106. (b) 107. (a) 108. (d) 109. (b) 110. (a) 111. (a) 112. (b) 113. (b) 114. (c) 115. (b) 116. (b) 117. (b) 118 (b) 119. (c) 120. (a)