Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 3

TEACHING GUIDE FOR PERSONAL DEVELOPMENT

Grade: 11 Semester: 1st


Topic: FAMILY STRUCTURES AND LEGACIES Date:

Learning Competencies:
The learner will be able to:
1. Appraise his/her family structure and the type of care I give and receive, which may help in
understanding myself better.
2. Make a genogram and trace certain physical, personality or behavioral attributes through
generations.
3. Prepare a plan on how to make the family members firmer and gentler with one another.

Introduction:
To introduce the topic, present and clarify the learning objectives of the new lesson.

Motivation:
Activity 1: My Family Genogram: understanding Where I Came From
This activity aims to give you an opportunity to make your family diagram, which will allow you to trace certain physical,
personality, and or behavioral attributes that you possess which are similar with your family members. The output will
also serve as your basis to understand yourself better.

Instruction/Delivery:
Reading: FAMILY STRUCTURE
The traditional family structure is considered a family support system which involves two married individuals providing
care and stability for their biological offspring. However, this two-parent, nuclear family has become less prevalent, and
alternative family forms have become more common. The family is created at birth and establishes ties across
generations. Those generations, the extended family of aunts, uncles, grandparents, and cousins, can all hold significant
emotional and economic roles for the nuclear family.

Different kinds of family structures:


 Nuclear family: A family unit consisting of at most a father, mother and dependent children. It is considered the
“traditional” family.
 Extended family: A family consisting of parents and children, along with either grandparents, grandchildren,
aunts or uncles, cousins etc. In some circumstances, the extended family comes to live either with or in place of
a member of the nuclear family.
 Step families: Two families brought together due to divorce, separation, and remarriage.
 Single parent family: This can be either a father or a mother who is singly responsible for the raising of a child.
The child can be by birth or adoption. They may be a single parent by choice or by life circumstances. The other
parent may have been part of the family at one time or not at all.
 Adoptive family: A family where one or more of the children has been adopted. Any structure of family may also
be an adoptive family.
 Bi-racial or multi-racial family: A family where the parents are members of different racial identity groups.
 Trans-racial adoptive family: A family where the adopted child is of a different racial identity group than the
parents.
 Blended family: A family that consists of members from two (or more) previous families.
 Conditionally separated families: A family member is separated from the rest of the family. This may be due to
employment far away; military service; incarceration; hospitalization. They remain significant members of the
family.
 Foster family: A family where one or more of the children is legally a temporary member of the household. This
“temporary” period may be as short as a few days or as long as the child’s entire childhood.
 Gay or Lesbian family: A family where one or both of the parents’ sexual orientation is gay or lesbian. This may
be a two-parent family, an adoptive family, a single
parent family or an extended family.
 Immigrant family: A family where the parents have immigrated to another country as adults. Their children may
or may not be immigrants. Some family members may continue to live in the country of origin, but still be
significant figures in the life of the child.
 Migrant family: A family that moves regularly to places where they have employment. The most common form of
migrant family is farm workers who move with the crop seasons. Children may have a relatively stable
community of people who move at the same time - or the family may know no one in each new setting. Military
families may also lead a migrant life, with frequent relocation, often on short notice.
PARENTING STYLE
 Authoritative child rearing technique – make use of positive reinforcement and seldom use of punishment
 Authoritarian child rearing style – characterized by a high a level of demandingness and may not be that
responsive to their children’s needs
 Permissive or indulgent child rearing style – manifested by parents who are lenient and give their children
freedom to do what they like.
 Uninvolved parenting – refers to those who do not respond to their childrens needs or even demand from them
any behavioral expectations.

FACTORS ESSENTIAL IN MAINTAINING A HEALTHY RELATIONSHIP AMONG FAMILY MEMBERS


 A positive outlook
 Spiritual values and support groups.
 Open, supportive communications.
 Adaptability
 Informal social support
Practice

Activity 2: Understanding My Significant Others


This activity aims to guide you to observe what makes your parents tick and understand where they came from. This
will allow you to experience the values of respect, humility and cooperation in the realization of your family goals.
Hence, this is an opportunity to realize your integral role as a family member.
Instructions:
1. Answers the sample activity sheet as honestly as you can.
2. Find your partner. Share your answer with him or her.
3. Listen to your partner with respect and understanding.
4. Be a trusworthy listener. Make a pact between you and your partner to keep the information confidential.

My Father’s Parenting Style ( Write down your observations)

Factor’s that Influence His Parenting Style

My Mother’s Parenting Style ( Write down your observations)

Factor’s that Influence Her Parenting Style

Evaluation
Directions: For each item, Write A if only the first statement is correct, B if only the second
statement is correct, C if all statements are correct and D if all statement is incorrect

_______1. a. A genogram is a graphical representation of your family tree.


b. A genogram shows the relationships among family members but not the
hereditary patterns in the family.

_______2. a. Your family is your training ground of interpersonal relationships.


b. We learn and sustain our relationships with our family members by overcoming
our conflict with them.

________3. a. It is in your family that you were exposed to the basics of life.
b. It is the family that teaches the child coping skills to face the adversities.

________4. a. The family can never be your first avenue to learn skills.
b. A person who receives emotional and psychological supports from his or her
family has a better change to demonstrate compassion for others.
________5. a. Rebellion is an understanding behaviour when dealing with authoritarian
parents.
b. Speaking in a rational level and giving facts to these parents result in better
reactions.
________6. a. An additional member in the family is not considered as stressor.
b. An additional member of the family brings only joy in the family.

________7. a. Changes in the family can cause trauma and havoc in one’s life.
b. Promotion at work can sometimes cause stress in the family.

________8. a. Emotional support is important in reorganization of your family when


Challenges befall it.
b. Positive outlook does not happen when family members blame one another for
the stressors.
________9. a. The factors that make family resilient are also essential in maintaining healthy
relationship among family members.
b. Praying allows you to release pent –up emotions.
_______10. a. Families are more able to bounce back from the state of disintegration to one
of resilience when family members avoid facing the crisis.
b. Family are not affected by the crisis brought about by a state of disintegration

Enrichment
Using your journal, answer the following questions:
1. What is the structure of your family?
2. Who are your family members?
3. Give one positive characteristics of your family that you will always be proud of.

Prepared by:
RODALYN D. NAVARRO, LPT
Instructor

Checked by:
MA. KHARLA B. CAEG, LPT
OIC – Basic Education Department