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CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGY

I. FOUNDATIONS OF CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGY


A. An Introduction
1. What is Clinical Psychology?
2. Closely Related Mental Health Professions and Other Mental Health Professionals
B. Historical Roots
1. Contributions of the following figures:
 Philippe Pinel
 William Tuke
 Eli Todd
 Dorothea Dix
 Francis Dalton
 Wilhelm Wundt
 Charles Spearman
 David Wechsler
 Emil Kraepelin
 Clifford Beers
 Lightner Witmer (Box 2 – 1)
C. Current Issues
1. Table 3 -2: What Future Practicing Clinical Psychologists Need to Know
2. Technological Innovations: Its Lasting Impact on Clinical Psychology
3. Ethical Standards: General Principles
D. 1. Research Methods
 Observation –
 Case Studies –
 Epidemiological Methods –
 Correlational Methods –
 Experimental Method –
2. Strength and Weaknesses of Research Methods
II. CLINICAL ASSESSMENT
A. Assessment Interview
1. What is assessment interview?
2. General Characteristics of Interviews (3)
3. Interviewing Essentials and Techniques
B. Personality Assessment
1. Advantages and Disadvantages of Objective Tests
C. Behavioral Assessment
1. Table 9 – 1: Differences Between Behavioral and Traditional Approaches to
Assessment
2. Observation Methods;
 Examples of Naturalistic Observation
 Controlled Observation
III. CLINICAL INTERVENTIONS
A. Psychological Interventions
1. What is Psychological Intervention? Psychotherapy?
2. Evidence Based Treatment (EBT) VS. Evidence Based Practice (EBP)
3. Features Common to Many Therapies: Elements that Contribute to
Psychotherapy (4)
4. Nature of Specific Therapeutic Variables: 8 Prominent Patient Variables Related
to Outcomes in Traditional Therapies
5. Therapist Characteristics Affecting the Process of Therapy (5)
6. Course of Clinical Intervention: General Description of Typical sequence
Describing Most Forms of Psychological Treatment (5)
7. Client’s Stage of Change:
 Process That Involves Progression (6)
 Twofold Importance of Change Process
B. The Psychodynamic Perspective
1. Table 12 – 1: 7 Key Features of Psychodynamic Psychotherapy
2. Techniques of Psychodynamic Psychotherapy (6)
3. Psychoanalytic Alternatives (4)
4. Interpretation and Insight: General Conclusions on Interpretation of Transference
C. Phenomenological and Humanistic-Existential Perspectives
1. Client-centered Therapy
2. Phenomenology
3. Phenomenal Self
4. Empathy
5. Three (3) Characteristics of Therapist Considered Essential for Client-centered
Work
6. Existential Psychology
7. Logotherapy
8. Gestalt Therapy: Rules; Moral Precepts
D. Behavioral and Cognitive-Behavioral Perspectives
1. Exposure Therapy
2. Aversion Therapy
3. Cognitive Therapy
4. Role of Social Learning Theory: Two (2) Effects on the Development of
Behavior Therapy
5. What is Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT)? Its strengths? Its limitations?
E. Group Therapy, Family Therapy and Couples Therapy
1. Approaches to Group Therapy; Curative Factors
2. Goals of Family Therapy and Conjoint Family Therapy
3. Other Types of Family Therapy (4)
4. Couples Therapy:
 Behavioral Marital Therapy (BMT)
 Emotionally Focused Couples Therapy (EFT)
 Box 15 – 4: Nine (9) Steps of EFT
IV. SPECIALTIES IN CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGY (Definitions)
1. Community Psychology
2. Health Psychology
3. Neuropsychology
4. Forensic Psychology