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CE101P-1

PART 1 (IDENTIFICATION):

1. Waste Pipe is a pipe that conveys only liquid waste free of fecal matter.
2. Impedance Is the total opposing force to the flow of current in an AC circuit.
3. Soil Stack is a general term used for any vertical line of soil, waste or vent piping.
4. Watt is a unit of measuring power produces.
5. A Plumbing Fixtures is any device, such as bathtub, water closet, lavatory that requires water.
6. Circuit Breaker is a device that can be used to manually open or closed a circuit, and to
automatically open a circuit at predetermined level of overcurrent without damage to itself.
7. A Panel Board consists of a metal enclosure containing bus bars to which circuit breakers or
fused switches are attached.
8. Vent Pipe are the extension of soil and waste stacks through the roof and a system of pipes
largely paralleling the drainage system for the admission of air and discharging of gases.
9. Wire is a single, solid, or stranded group of conductors having a low resistance to current flow.
Used to make connections between circuits or points in a circuit.
10. Brownout/Power Failure refers to a condition when the system voltage drops below acceptable
levels causing lights to dim and potentially causing other electrical equipment to function
improperly or to be damaged.
11. Soil Pipe is a pipe that conveys the discharge of water closets or similar fixtures containing fecal
matter, with or without the discharge of other fixtures to the building drain or building sewer.
12. Electricity is the flow of electrons through a conducting medium.
13. Located within the MDP is the main building over-current device, or main disconnect, as well as
individual over-current devices for the system components.
14. Drainage System is consisting of all the piping within the private and public premises which
conveys sewage, rainwater and other liquid waste to a point of disposal.
15. A Ground is a conducting connection whether intentional or accidental, between an electrical
circuit or equipment and the earth.

PART 2 (PROBLEM SOLVING)

Problem 1.0

Problem 2.0

**Rubie copied this part**


CE151

PART 1 (40X1%=40%-MULTIPLE CHOICE)

Soil Mechanics

1. BLANK is the application of the laws and principles of mechanics and hydraulics to engineering
problems dealing with soil as an engineering material.
a. Soil Study c. Rock Mechanics e. none
b. Soil Mechanics d. All
2. BLANK is the application of the knowledge of the mechanical behavior of rock to engineering
problems dealing with rock.
a. Soil Study c. Rock Mechanics e. None
b. Soil Mechanics d. All
3. Rocks can be classified as being either BLANK.
a. Igneous c. Metamorphic e. None
b. Sedimentary d. All
4. BLANK are highly compressibility and low strength type of soil.
a. Organic soil c. Highly Plastic Soil e. None
b. Low strength d. All
5. BLANK potentially have a large expansion.
a. Gravel c. Sand e. none
b. Sil or slag d. All
6. BLANK had complete strength loss and high deformation caused by earthquakes.
a. Fault line c. Collapsible soil e. none
b. Liquefiable soil d. All
7. BLANK are areas underlain by carbonate rock.
a. Honor c. And dignity e. none
b. Integrity d. All
8. Soil element have BLANK phases which is the solids, liquids, and gas or air.
a. 2 c. 4 e. none
b. 3 d. All
Properties of Soil

9. BLANK are the most basic types of laboratory tests performed on soil samples.
a. Index test c. Leak test
b. Potability test d. none
10. This test can be performed on disturbed and undisturbed soil specimens, is consist of
determining the mass of a wet specimen and then drying the soil in an oven overnight is called
the BLANK
a. Water content test c. Index test
b. Flood test d. all
11. BLANK is a dimensionless parameter that is defined as the density of solids divided by the
density of water.
a. Specific gravity of soil c. Specific weight
b. Specific gravity f water d. all
12. BLANK is also known as the wet unit weight.
a. The total unit weight c. Both
b. Specific weight d. none
13. BLANK is the ratio of the weight per unit volume of soil excluding water.
a. Dry unit weight c. Both
b. Specific weight d. none

Phase Relationships

14. BLANK is defined as the volume of voids divided by the volume of solids.
a. Void ratio c. Degree of saturation
b. Porosity d. All
15. BLANK is defined as the volume of voids divided by the total volume.
a. Void ratio c. Degree of saturation
b. Porosity d. all
16. BLANK is the ratio of the volume of water to the volume of voids.
a. Void ratio c. Degree of saturation
b. Porosity d. all
17. BLANK is the measure of the density state of a non-plastic soil.
a. Void ratio c. Degree of saturation
b. Porosity d. Relative density
18. BLANK is the shear strength of a soil when tested with no lateral load applied to the specimen.
a. Void ratio c. Degree of saturation
b. Porosity d. cohesion
19. BLANK is the soil property which permits passage of water under a gradient of force.
a. Void ratio c. Degree of saturation
b. Permeability d. cohesion
20. BLANK is the situ void divided by the ratio when the soil is in the densest and it loosest
condition.
a. Relative density c. Degree of saturation
b. Porosity d. cohesion
21. BLANK is the weight of saturated soil per unit volume.
a. Saturated unit weight c. Degree of saturation
b. Porosity d. all
22. BLANK is the ratio of mass per unit volume.
a. Void ratio c. Degree of saturation
b. Porosity d. Mass density
23. BLANK is the moisture content in per cent, at which the transition from solid to semi solid state
takes place.
a. Void ratio c. Shrinkage limit
b. Permeability d. Plastic limit
24. BLANK is the moisture content in per cent at which soil crumbles, when rolled into threads of
3.2mm in diameter.
a. Relative density c. Shrinkage limit
b. Permeability d. Plastic limit
25. BLANK is the moisture content at a point of transition from plastic to liquid state takes place.
a. Liquid limit c. Shrinkage limit
b. Permeability d. Plastic limit
26. BLANK is the difference of liquid limit and the plastic limit.
a. Liquid limit c. Shrinkage limit
b. Liquid index d. Plasticity index
27. BLANK is the ability of water to transmit water through its entire thickness.
a. Transmissibility c. Degree of saturation
b. Porosity d. All
28. BLANK is the ratio of the horizontal and vertical effective stress.
a. Hydrostatic pressure c. Coefficient of lateral earth pressure
b. Hydraulic pressure d. all
29. BLANK is the shear strength of soil when tested with no lateral load applied to the specimen.
a. Void ratio c. Shrinkage limit
b. Permeability d. cohesion
30. BLANK is the densification of soil by removal of air, which requires mechanical energy.
a. Relative density c. Shrinkage
b. Permeability d. Compaction
31. BLANK is the ratio of the unconfined compression strength in an undisturbed state to that in a
remolded state.
a. Degree of sensitivity c. Shrinkage limit
b. Permeability d. Degree of saturation
32. BLANK is the ratio of the ultimate net bearing capacity of the allowable bearing capacity to the
maximum vertical stress.
a. Liquid limit c. Soil bearing capacity
b. Soil stress d. Factor of safety

Permeability of Soil

33. BLANK is the soil property which indicates the ease with which water will flow through the soil.
a. Void ratio c. Degree of saturation
b. Permeability d. cohesion
34. BLANK is the flow path of a particle of water.
a. Velocity c. Discharge
b. Permeability d. Flow line
35. BLANK is the water under gravity in excess of that required to fill the soil pores.
a. Ground water c. Discharge
b. Permeability d. Critical flow

Compaction and Soil Improvement

36. BLANK is/are compaction effort/s which are deigned to use.


a. Static weight pressure c. Vibration, shaking, impact or sharp
b. Kneading action blow
d. all
37. Soil improvement method can be obtained through BLANK
a. Soil replacement c. Soil strengthening
b. Water removal d. all
38. Geotextiles are often used for BLANK
a. Soil reinforcement c. Shrinkage limit
b. Drainage and sediment control d. All
39. BLANK is/are the factors affecting compaction.
a. Soil type c. Compaction effort
b. Water content d. all
40. BLANK is/are forms of rough grading or cut and fill operation.
a. Ripping or blasting of rock c. Slop of stabilization
b. Cut and fill transition d. all

PART 2 (6X1%=60%-PROBLEM SOLVING)

Problem 1. A retaining wall 8.0 meters high is supporting a horizontal backfill having a dry unit weight of
1550 kg/m3. The cohesionless soil has an angle of friction of 34 degrees and a void ratio of 0.65.

1.0 Compute the Rankine active force of the wall.


2.0 Compute the Rankine active force of the wall if water logging occurs at a depth of 3 meters from
above the ground surface.
3.0 Compute the location of the resultant active force from the bottom of the wall.

Problem 2. Find the equivalent horizontal permeability of two layers. The topmost layer is loose, clean
sand 1 meter thick. Its horizontal permeability k1 can be estimated using Hazen’s formula with C=1.25
and the sieve analysis shows a 400% of k1. Below combined kt for the upper 6 meters in cm/sec.?

1m
Sand

3m
Marl

Problem 3. The velocity at which the water flow from an artesian aquifier through a stream with an
approximately length of 25 meters passes through the clean gravel trench with a coefficient of
permeability of 5x10-2 cm/sec.

3.1 Find the height of the water surface above the entry point of the artesian acquifer if the hydraulic
gradient is 12 percent.

3.2 Find the seepage velocity if the porosity of the soil is 0.33.

3.3 How long will it take to reach the end of the acquifer, T=? (in min.)
Problem 4. The soil specimen having a volume of 0.018 cubic meters has a specific gravity of 2.15 and
has a moist mass of 22.6 kg and a died mass of 16.5 kg.

4.1 Compute its void ratio.

4.2 Compute the degree of saturation.

4.3 Compute the dry unit weight of soil.

Problem 5. The pressure on the top of a concrete tunnel is 250 kPa which is crossing a river with water
mixed with a layer of silt with a specific gravity of 1.85. The total height of which is 30 meters from the
water surface down to the concrete tunnel.

5.1 Find the height of the silt h=? (in meters)

Problem 6. The following data shows the results of the following test.

TEST A LIQUID LIMIT

TEST NO 1 2 3 4
No. of blows 35 21 16 11
Wt. of Wet Soil + 22.66 g 21.53 g 21.49 g 26.32
Container
Wt. of Dry Soil + 19.64 g 18.95 g 18.98 g 22.30 g
Container
Weight of 12.96 g 13.26 g 13.46 g 13.47 g
Container

TEST B PLASTIC LIMIT

TEST NO 1 2
Wt. of Wet Soil + Container 22.30 g 21.97 g
Wt. of dry Soil + Container 20.62 g 20.39 g
Weight of container 13.27 g 13.38 g

TEST C NATURAL WATER CONTENT

TEST NO 1 2
Wt. of Wet Soil + Container 18.04 g 17.59 g
Wt. of dry Soil + Container 15.04 g 14.56 g
Weight of container 8.04 g 7.70 g

6.1 Compute the liquid limit.

6.2 Compute the plastic limit.

6.3 Compute the liquidity index.