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4G technology and cellular networks (architecture)

Introduction

4G is short for Fourth (4th) Generation Technology. 4G Technology is


basically the extension in the 3G technology with more bandwidth and
services offers in the 3G. But at this time nobody exactly knows the
true 4G definition. Some people say that 4G technology is the future
technologies that are mostly in their maturity period. The expectation
for the 4G technology is basically the high quality audio/video
streaming over end to end Internet Protocol. If the Internet Protocol
(IP) multimedia sub-system movement achieves what it going to do,
nothing of this possibly will matter. WiMAX or mobile structural design
will become progressively more translucent, and therefore the
acceptance of several architectures by a particular network operator
ever more common.

4G Technology offers high data rates that will generate new trends for the
market and prospects for established as well as for new
telecommunication businesses. 4G networks, when tied together with
mobile phones with in-built higher resolution digital cameras and also
High Definition capabilities will facilitate video blogs.

After successful implementation, 4G technology is likely to enable


ubiquitous computing, that will simultaneously connects to numerous
high date speed networks offers faultless handoffs all over the
geographical regions. Many network operators possibly utilize
technologies for example; wireless mesh networks and cognitive radio
network to guarantee secure connection & competently allocates
equally network traffic and bandwidth.
Commercialization
Some of the companies trying 4G mobile communication at 100 Mbps for
mobile users and up to 1 Gbps over fixed stations. They planned on
publicly launching their first commercial wireless network around 2010. As
far as other competitor’s mobile communication companies working on 4G
technology even more quickly. Sprint Nextel was planned to launch
WiMAX over 4G broadband mobile network in United States. Some of the
other developed countries like United Kingdom stated a plan to sale via
auction of 4G mobile frequencies couple of years back. The word “MAGIC”

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also refers to 4G technology which stands for Mobile multimedia, Any-


where, Global mobility solutions over, Integrated wireless and Customized
services.

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Specifics of 4g

4G technologies are geared towards flawless network coverage. This


technology is aimed to provide high quality of service to end users
without dropping signals. The major problem with the wireless
technologies is their signal attenuation. International
telecommunication union, which is monitoring the international
standards for wireless communication is demanding considerable
improvement in multimedia services over the cellular network. They
require improvement in multimedia message services and video
streaming in order to support 4G. This network technology is expected
to provide 100megabits per second for mobile users, while 1GBps for
fixed users. This network is also forecasted to provide interrelated
roaming throughout the world. It is also predictable that this
technology would be attuned to all types of wireless devices like
wireless adapters, express cards and many more. The infrastructure of
4G will follow all the standards of previous generations.

IPv6 requirement

4G network is based on IPv6 support rather than IPv4. It is IPv6 which is


supports network devices. Increased number of IP addresses also
removes the need for NAT (network Address translation). NAT is a
term referred to sharing minimum IP addresses with larger number of
devices. Besides this improvement Nat would also has to communicate
with the other devices on the previous IPv4 devices. 4G has also
brought improvements in network infrastructure. For example 3G used
both circuit switched and packet switched network nodes, while 4g is
merely based on packet switching, hence lowering the latency of data.
The basic 4G standards include LTE advanced and 802.16m.

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Architecture

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Objectives of 4g

This wonder technology is expected to cover the data rate deficiency in


previous generations. It is also aimed to achieve quality of services.
This technology would provide many multimedia services. These
multimedia services would not only include voice chat and video calls
but also includes MMS, HDTV, video chat, and voice over the internet.
This network would allow interactive roaming with existing LAN and
digital broadcasting systems. This network's goal is to provide
100MBps data rate for moving customers and 1GB for stationary
users... So that the users can enjoy uninterrupted connectivity with
high speed anywhere they go. Very smooth handover over
heterogeneous networks. Flawless connectivity and international
roaming across innumerable networks of the world is its next target. It
should also provide Very high quality multimedia support in order to
get approval from ITU. The interoperability with existing network
infrastructure is another prominent feature of this technology. It is an
all IP switched network and several working groups propose that it
should offer an open internet protocol. The early 4G technology
comprise of flash OFDM, 802.16e, wireless or mobile WiMax and HC
SDMA. The demand of the wireless network users combined with the
efforts of the 4G working groups would give technology and edge over
its previous counterparts. This technology would revolutionize the
world of cellular networks with amazing wireless broadband speed.
This technology would also provide job opportunities for many. The
further development for supporting 4G network is dependent upon the
approval from ITU.

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