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Philosophy is a greek word which means “lover of wisdom”.

It is derived from two Greek

words “phileo” (love) and “Sophia” (wisdom). Philosophy is a set of values, beliefs and
realizations derived from human experience which can become the basis for human action. I would
like to share this excerpt from the essay written by Ayn Rand entitled Philosophy? Who Needs It?

You might claim — as most people do — that you have never been influenced by philosophy. I
will ask you to check that claim. Have you ever thought or said the following? “Don’t be so sure
— nobody can be certain of anything.” You got that notion from David Hume (and many, many
others), even though you might never have heard of him. Or: “This may be good in theory, but it
doesn’t work in practice.” You got that from Plato. Or: “That was a rotten thing to do, but it’s only
human, nobody is perfect in this world.” You got that from Augustine. Or: “It may be true for you,
but it’s not true for me.” You got it from William James. Or: “I couldn’t help it! Nobody can help
anything he does.” You got it from Hegel. Or: “I can’t prove it, but I feel that it’s true.” You got
it from Kant. Or: “It’s logical, but logic has nothing to do with reality.” You got it from Kant. Or:
“It’s evil, because it’s selfish.” You got it from Kant. Have you heard the modern activists say:
“Act first, think afterward“? They got it from John Dewey. Some people might answer: “Sure, I’ve
said those things at different times, but I don’t have to believe that stuff all of the time. It may have
been true yesterday, but it’s not true today.” They got it from Hegel. They might say: “Consistency
is the hobgoblin of little minds.” They got it from a very little mind, Emerson. They might say:
“But can’t one compromise and borrow different ideas from different philosophies according to
the expediency of the moment?” They got it from Richard Nixon — who got it from William James.

We are deluged by inputs from outside telling us what is…what should be…what’s right…what’s
wrong. It is therefore, important that we know and we stand for what we believe in. John Chaffee
defines Beliefs as interpretation, evaluation, conclusion, or prediction about the nature of the
world. For Chaffee, beliefs are the main tools you use to make sense of the world and guide your
actions. Indeed, the first step in constructing an enlightened philosophy is when you develop
beliefs that will enhance the quality of your life, beliefs that are clearly conceived, thoughtfully
expressed and solidly supported.

There are three major branches of philosophy. Each branch focuses on a different aspect and is
central to teaching. The three branches and their sub-branches are:

Metaphysics: What is the nature of reality?

 Ontology
What issues are related to nature, existence, or being? Is a child inherently evil or good?
How might your view determine your classroom management?
 Cosmology
What is the nature and origin of the cosmos or universe? Is the world and universe orderly
or is it marked by chaos? What would one or the other mean for a classroom?

Epistemology: What is the nature of knowledge? How do we come to know?

 Knowing based on:

– Scientific Inquiry
– Senses and Feelings
– From authority or divinity
– Empiricism (experience)
– Intuition
– Reasoning or Logic

What reasoning processes yield valid conclusions?

 Deductive: reasoning from the general to the particular

 Inductive: reasoning from the specific to the general.

Axiology: What values should one live by?

 Ethics
What is good and evil, right and wrong?
 Aesthetics
What is beautiful?

Education in the largest sense is any act or experience that has a formative effect on the mind,
character or physical ability of an individual. In its technical sense, education is the process by
which society deliberately transmits its accumulated knowledge, skills and values from one
generation to another.

Educational Philosophy consists of what you believe about education—the set of principles that
guides your professional action. (Foundations of teaching, n.d.) Having a philosophy to follow is
inevitable, however, to define this just to justify your actions or perspective about a certain topic
or knowledge is not necessarily a requirement. I prefer an educator who chooses to present
different philosophies on the same argument but individually explain its strength and weaknesses,
and then let the students to discover for them as to what philosophy they take in to explain a certain
argument. Without the teacher imposing which among those philosophies is what he/she prefers
and believes in. A good educator is the one who can show his strong philosophical background
into a certain issues/knowledge/topic without showing his/her biases or inclination into a certain
philosophy but was able to impart his own philosophy to his student or even illicit a different views
but works on the philosophical premise. For example, election, you will not tell your students not
to vote to this candidate because he is corrupt, immoral or lack of experience. But instead you will
give them foundations based on the philosophy you are espousing on how to choose a good leader
for the country so that they can make a better decision when confronted by a situation. You will
not impose on them your perspective but you are educating them by molding them to understand
your perspective.

Philosophy of education performs various functions:

1. Determining the aims of education

2. Harmonizing old and new traditions in the field of education-
3. Providing the educational planners, administrators and educators with the progressive
vision to achieve educational development:-
4. Preparing the young generation to face the challenges of the modern time:-

Philosophy and education is related for they complement each other. Philosophy is the initial
knowledge and views about life and reality itself while the education will help us formed this initial
knowledge into a more complex but comprehensible manner. The education will help us shape this
philosophy into a more structured knowledge and information. While Philosophy maybe perceived
as vague or shapeless thought the education will help us mold this into a more structured form,
however this process of forming is greatly influence by various philosophies.




Module Review
of Education

Submitted by:
Lutchie C. Dela Cruz

Submitted to:
Prof. Rogelia K. Firmo