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The reproductive system or genital system is a system of sex organs within

an organism which work together for the purpose of sexual reproduction. Many non-living
substances such as fluids, hormones, and pheromonesare also important accessories to the
reproductive system.[1] Unlike most organ systems, the sexes of differentiated species often
have significant differences. These differences allow for a combination of genetic material
between two individuals, which allows for the possibility of greater genetic fitness of
the offspring.

How reproductive systems work

The male reproductive system consists of two major parts: the testes, where
sperm are produced, and the penis, according to Merck Manuals. The penis
and urethra belong to both the urinary and reproductive systems in males.
The testes are carried in an external pouch known as the scrotum, where they
normally remain slightly cooler than body temperature to facilitate sperm
The external structures of the female reproductive system include the clitoris,
labia minora, labia majora and Bartholin's glands, according to the Cleveland
Clinic. The major internal organs of the female reproductive system include
the vagina and uterus — which act as the receptacle for semen — and the
ovaries, which produce the female's ova. The vagina is attached to the uterus
through the cervix, while the fallopian tubes connect the uterus to the ovaries.
In response to hormonal changes, one ovum, or egg — or more in the case of
multiple births — is released and sent down the fallopian tube during
ovulation. If not fertilized, this egg is eliminated during menstruation.