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PHYSICAL EDUCATION

IN GREECE
Reported by: Reuben Adam B. Mendoza
BPED 1-2
GREEK CIVILIZATION
First people in Europe to attain a high degree
of civilization.

Prime enterprise and colonization

High knowledge in education

Powerful in combat and in armed forces


CONTRIBUTIONS TO CIVILIZATION
LITERATURE ARCHITECTURE

ARTS GOVERNMENT
LITERATURE
ARCHITECTURE
GREEK ARCHITECTURE
GREEK ARCHITECTURE
GREEK ARCHITECTURE
MILITARY

PHYSICAL EDUCATION SPORTS


HAS AN IMPORTANT
PLACE IN GREECE HEALTH

ENTERTAINMENT
AEGEAN AGE OR THE BRONZE AGE
Heinrich Schliemann–
Revealed that Greece was
inhabited by short dark people

Arthur Evans- Discovered


splendid civilization in Knossos
DISCOVERED IN KNOSSOS:
GREEKS OF THE HOMERIC AGE
Mixture of tall fair haired immigrants
who came to Greece from the north and
native aegeans.
HOMERIC POEMS BY HOMER
•Iliad and Odyssey
Epic poems that depicts how Homerics
lived in this age.
HOW THE HOMERICS LIVED
Lived simple and rustic life

Wealth consisted in flocks and herds

Labor was honored

Manufacturer of weapons and tools from gold, silver, iron, tin, lead, and copper

Few law existed

Women were honored

Men are braved and hospitable to strangers

Each community had its king and nobility


THE ILIAD AND THE ODYSSEY
ALSO SHOWED PHYSICAL
ACTIVITIES AND SPORTS THAT
THE GREEKS PERFORMED
• The Trojan Wars
• Story of the Homeric Greeks
against the Trojans
• Agamemnon- Commander of
the greeks against Achiles
• Hector, a Trojan prince who kills
Patroclus, a friend of Achiles
• Achiles revenged and killed
Hector
• The funeral of Patroclus
FUNERAL GAMES
• During funerals there are games or sports
that are held.
• This is also portrayed in The Iliad in the
funeral of Patroclus where other
characters compete.
CHARIOT RACE
CHARIOT RACE
1st – woman skilled in fine
handiwork and tripod

2nd- a six year old mare


CHARIOT RACES TESTS FOR MANLY
STRENGTH AND SKILL HELD IN
3rd- a large bright cauldron FUNERALS, SACRIFICES TO GODS
AND ENTERTAINMENT
4th- Two talents of gold

-Diomedes won the race in


5th- a two-handled cup
Patroclus’ funeral
BOXING
• Boxing is a way of honoring the dead as portrayed by Homer.
• Greeks believed that Theseus (mythical king) invented boxing
• Boxing was played by two men naked sat down facing each other and
exchanges blow and beat each other to death
• As time passed by sitting changed into standing stance and boxers wear gloves
with spikes

In Iliad, Epeios fought against Euryalos, Epeios won by knockout

Winner •A sturdy mule


Loser •Two-handled cup
WRESTLING
• To win a match, a wrestler had to score three points. A point was awarded
when one of the opponents touched the ground with his hip, back or
shoulder, accepted defeat due to a submission hold, or was forced out of
the wrestling area.
• No punching.

In Iliad, Asias and Odysseus are tie

• PRIZE

A TRIPOD VALUED AT 12 OXEN AND A WOMAN


SKILLED IN ALL KINDS OF WORK VALUED AT 4 OXEN
FOOT RACE/RUNNING
1st – Silver • Racing by running bare footed. The
mixing bowl race also has variations differing in
lengths just like in the Olympics.
• The wealthy and generous spectators
showers the winners with gifts
2nd- An ox

3rd- Half talent Odysseus won first place, Alias in


second, Antilochos in third place.
of gold
• The story of the adventure of
Odysseus from Troy to his home
Ithaoa
• Penelope, Odysseus’ wife is
swarmed by wealthy and strong
suitors as Odysseus is gone and is
assumed dead
• The suitors fight for the hand of
Penelope for marriage
• The suitors compete by throwing
weights and javelin
• When Odysseus came back, he
defeated everyone in the throws
and no one dared to box, wrestle,
run and jump with him.
WEIGHTS AND JAVELIN THROWING
• Weights and Javelin
throwing as portrayed in
“The Odyssey,” is known as
the Discus Throw and the
Javelin Throw which is a
sport in the Olympics
DANCING IN THE
HOMERIC AGE
• Dancing in Greece is performed in
every occasions
• Participated by all Greeks from
earliest times
• King Alcinous welcomed Odysseus
with a dance and treated him well
and gave him gifts for his sail
• Also, soldiers have their own type of
dance with their weapons
GREEK GODS
ZEUS – SUPREME GOD

APOLLO- GOD OF LIGHT AND TRUTH

ARES- GOD OF WAR

HERMES- MESSENGER AND GOD OF COMMERCE

POSEIDON- GOD OF THE SEA

HEPHAESTUS- GOD OF FIRE

HERA- WIFE OF ZEUS

ATHENA- GOD OF WISDOM

ARTEMIS- GOD OF THE HUNT/CHASE

APHRODITE- GOD OF LOVE AND BEAUTY

DEMETER- GOD OF HARVEST

HESTIA- GOD OF THE EARTH


MOUNT OLYMPUS