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Home SCORE CARD TIME MANAGEMENT QUESTIONS REPORT SOLUTION

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Bookmarks Solution Report For THEORY OF MACHINES


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Q.1 Q.1 to Q.10 Carry One Mark Each


There are 8 links in a constrained mechanism. Maximum number of revolute
pairs on one of the links of the mechanism is

a. 2
b. 3
c.
4
d. 5

Attempt Correct Correct Ans. c bookmark

Solution:-
Given n = 8; constrained mechanism
So, mobility m = 1

Maximum number of revolute pairs on one of the links

Q.2

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Mobility of the mechanism shown in figure is

a. -1
b. 0
c.
1
d. 2

Not Attempt Correct Ans. c bookmark

Solution:-
For the given mechanism, ABCD is a parallelogram. Since links AB and CD are parallel. IC
of link BC lies at It means link BC does not rotate with respect to ground link AD.

So, link BC translates at this instant BCE is a single link, so slider E and slider F motion is
constrained by the motion of link BCE.Hence mobility = 1
Using Kutzbach Criterion
=0
But actually
In the present case, link EF is redundant. Hence

Q.3 The configuration of a rigid body in plane motion is completely defined by the
locations of how many points on it ?

a. 1
b.
2
c. 3
d. None

Not Attempt Correct Ans. b bookmark

Solution:-
b

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Q.4 For the mechanism shown,

which of the link(s)

can rotate completely?

a. 2
b. 3
c. Both
d.
None

Not Attempt Correct Ans. d bookmark

Solution:-
Given mechanism is an inversion of slider – crank chain.
Eccentricity e = 20 mm ; Using Grashof’s
criterion, for at least one of the links to rotate completely ;But in this case
Hence, none of the links rotate completely.

Q.5 For a crank-rocker four bar mechanism, minimum value of transmission angle
occurs when

a.
Crank is collinear with fixed link
b. Crank is perpendicular to fixed link
c. Crank is collinear with coupler
d. Rocker is perpendicular to fixed link

Not Attempt Correct Ans. a bookmark

Solution:-
a

Q.6

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For the slider crank mechanism,

which of these

angles represent the transmission quality?

a.
b.
c.

d.

Not Attempt Correct Ans. c bookmark

Solution:-
In a slider-crank mechanism, force transmitted from crank to slider or from slider to crank is
dependent on angle between the coupler and perpendicular to line of slider. Higher the
angle, higher the transmitted force. Hence angle is called the transmission angle.
(Transmission angle ; force transmitted is maximum)

Q.7 Acceleration of a rigid body is defined by specifying either the (P) Acceleration
of any two points on it, (Q) Acceleration of any one point and the angular
acceleration of the body, (R) Acceleration of any point, angular velocity and
angular acceleration of the rigid body, Which of the these statement(s) is / are
correct?

a. P
b. P, Q
c.
P, R
d. All

Not Attempt Correct Ans. c bookmark

Solution:-
C

Q.8 Torque exerted on crank shaft of a two – stroke engine is given by T= (15000 +
2000sin2θ – 1800 cos2θ) Nm, where crank angle measured from inner dead
center is Load torque is constant. Angular acceleration of the flywheel at
is if mass moment of inertia of flywheel is

Not Attempt Correct Ans. 43.7 Range. (42.00 - 44.00 ) bookmark

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Solution:-
Given are symmetric functions wrt x-axis i.e.;

At

Q.9 A rotor shaft has unbalances as shown,

total dynamic reaction at the support

is

a.

b.

c.

d.
None

Not Attempt Correct Ans. d bookmark

Solution:-

Dynamic reaction at (downwards)

At upwards) =

Total dynamic reaction

Q.10 Which of these statements are true? (P) A single rotating unbalance can be
balanced completely by adding a balance mass diametrically opposite in a
different plane of rotation, (Q) A rotor shaft which is externally balanced is also
internally balanced, (R) Center of mass should lie on the axis of rotation to

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achieve static balance of rotor, (S) Resultant couple due to all unbalanced and
balance masses inertia forces during rotation must be zero to achieve complete
dynamic balance

a. P, Q, R
b. Q, R
c. S
d.
R

Not Attempt Correct Ans. d bookmark

Solution:-
d

Q.11 If the ratio of length of connecting rod to crank radius increases, then

a. Primary unbalance force increases


b. Primary unbalance force decreases
c. Secondary unbalance force increases
d.
Secondary unbalance force decreases

Not Attempt Correct Ans. d bookmark

Solution:-

Primary unbalanced force

Secondary unbalanced force

Fs ∝ 1/n ; as n increases; Fs decreases

Q.12 Inertia force acts

a. Perpendicular to the accelerating force


b. Along the direction of accelerating force
c.
Opposite to the direction of accelerating force
d. In the direction of velocity

Not Attempt Correct Ans. c bookmark

Solution:-

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F = piston effort

Acceleration of slider ; mass of slider


Inertia force on the slider

Q.13 A rotor of mass 2000 Kg is balanced statically by attaching two masses one in a
plane 20 cm to the left of the centroidal plane and the second in a plane 25 cm to
the right. Both masses are attached at a radius of 10 cm. Mass 1 is 52 Kg and
mass 2 is 75 Kg. Mass 1 is in the horizontal direction and second mass is in the
vertical direction. The eccentricity of unbalance of the rotor and its angular
location with reference to first mass is

a.

b.

c.

d.

Not Attempt Correct Ans. a bookmark

Solution:-
Given m = 2000 Kg

e1 =e2 = 10cm

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If the rotor is statically balanced, then centrifugal force due to balance masses
and the unbalanced mass form a closed triangle.

(me)2 =( m1e1)2 + (m2e2)2

θ = 180 + ∝ =235.20

Q.14 In a reciprocating compressor based on slider – crank mechanism, mass of


reciprocating parts is 10 Kg and crank radius is 15 cm. Sixty percent of the
primary unbalanced force is balanced using a balance mass attached to the
crank. Residual unbalance along the perpendicular direction to line of stroke of
the piston when crank is at wrt inner dead center and rotating at 4 rad/s
is____ N

Not Attempt Correct Ans. 12.47 Range. (11.50 - 13.33 ) bookmark

Solution:-
Due to partial balancing of primary unbalanced force, residual unbalance along
perpendicular direction to line of slider

Q.15 In a Hartnell governor, the mass of each ball is 2.5 Kg. Maximum and minimum
speeds are 10 rad/s and 8 rad/s. Maximum and minimum radii of rotation are 20
cm and 14 cm. The lengths of horizontal and vertical arms of bell-crank lever are
10 cm and 20 cm. Neglecting obliquity of arms, the lift of the sleeve is _____cm.

Not Attempt Correct Ans. 3 Range. (0.00 - 0.00 ) bookmark

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Solution:-

Lift of sleeve

a= length of sleeve arm


b=length of ball arm
max. radius of rotation
min. radius of rotation

Q.16 Q.16 to Q.30 carry Two Marks Each


Figure below schematically shows the output section of a textile mill, where the
mechanism is laying the woven cloth.

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Width of layer being laid is approximately equal to _____mm.

a. 900
b. 950
c.
1000
d. 1050

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Not Attempt Correct Ans. c bookmark

Solution:-
ABCD is a crank-rocker mechanism, Width of cloth being laid

Are obtained from extreme positions of output link CD, i.e., when
becomes collinear with
From

From

= 1000.14mm = 1000mm

Q.17 For a given quick return ratio of a crank-rocker mechanism, if the total swing
angle of the rocker is increased, then the maximum possible value of minimum
transmission angle

a.
Decreases
b. Increases
c. Remains same
d. None
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Not Attempt Correct Ans. a bookmark

Solution:-
No solution availiable for this question

Q.18 For the mechanism shown,

if rotation of crank AB

has to be radians corresponding to both forward and return strokes of the


rocker CD, then length of coupler CD is ____mm.

Not Attempt Correct Ans. 63.24 Range. (62.00 - 65.00 ) bookmark

Solution:-
In a crank-rocker mechanism it is possible to have equal crank
AB = 20 mm
BC = x
CD = 80 mm
AD = 100 mm

Rotation during forward and return stroke. This happens when coupler positions and
are collinear when output link is at extreme positions. i.e.,

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Q.19 A single cylinder vertical engine has a bore of 30.5 cm and a stroke of 40 cm and
a connecting rod of 80 cm long. Mass of total reciprocating parts is 135 Kg. when
piston is at quarter stroke and is moving downwards, net pressure on it is
If speed of the engine is 250 rpm, turning moment on the crank
shaft at this instant is_____KNm

Not Attempt Correct Ans. 7.374 Range. (6.50 - 8.00 ) bookmark

Solution:-
Given stroke length = 2r
= 40 cm

When piston is at quarter stroke distance of piston pin from crank pivot = 90 cm
ℓ2 = r2 + 902 - 2r x 90cosθ

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F = piston effort

= pAs + mg-ma

Turning moment

= 11.70

=7.374kNm

Q.20 Turning moment diagram for a multi cylinder engine is shown below

Vertical scale is 1 cm = 700 Nm of torque and horizontal scale is of


crank rotation. Areas of the turning moment diagram are

Engine Speed is 800 rpm. Fluctuation of speed shall not be more than 2% of the
mean speed. Mass moment of inertia of the flywheel is

Not Attempt Correct Ans. 44.39 Range. (42.00 - 45.00 ) bookmark

Solution:-

Given

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EH = EA

Q.21 A machine punching 3.8 cm diameter holes in a 3.2 cm thick plate does 600 J of
work per of sheared area. The punch has a stroke of 10.2 cm and punches
6 holes per minute. Maximum speed of flywheel at its radius of gyration is 27.5
m/s. The mass of the flywheel so that its speed at the radius of gyration does not
fall below 24.5 m/s is______Kg.

Not Attempt Correct Ans. 247.76 Range. (245.00 - 250.00 )


bookmark

Solution:-
K = radius of gyration d = 3.8 cm
t = 3.2 cm

Vmin = 24.5m/s = Kwmin


I = mass moment of inertia

Energy required for punching) -


(Energy given by motor during punching)
Punching cycle time = 10s =T
Given 6 holes per minute)
Stroke length of punch = 10.2 cm

Avg.vel.of punch

Thickness of plate = t = 3.2 cm

Actual punching time

E = energy required for 1 hole

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Motor power = 2.3kW

Q.22 The arms of a Porter governor are 17.8 cm long and are hinged at a distance of
3.8 cm from the axis of the governor. Mass of each ball is 1.15 Kg and mass of
sleeve is 20 Kg. The governor sleeve begins to rise at 280 rpm when the links are
at an angle of to the vertical. Friction force on the governor sleeve
is______N

Not Attempt Correct Ans. 10 Range. (9.00 - 11.00 ) bookmark

Solution:-
Given

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= 12.7cm

Q.23 A rotor shown in figure

is balanced by attaching two masses and in the


planes A and B at a radius of 20 cm from axis of rotation. It is required to balance
the rotor by removing masses in the planes C and D at a radius of 20 cm.
Magnitude and angular location of the masses to be removed in plane C (angular
position wrt is

a.

b.

c.

d.

Not Attempt Correct Ans. a bookmark

Solution:-

Let be the unbalance in planes C and D at a radius of 20 cm.

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Mass to be removed in plane C at the location of unbalance

Q.24 A four cylinder symmetrical in-line engine is shown in figure.

Which of these equations to be satisfied for complete balance of primary


unbalanced forces?

a.
b.
c.
d.

Not Attempt Correct Ans. d bookmark

Solution:-

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=0
m1cosα – m2cosβ – m2cosβ + m1cosα = 0
m1cosα = m2cosβ

Q.25 A double acting steam engine develops 6 kW at 60 rpm. The fluctuation of


energy is 6% of energy developed per cycle. It has a flywheel of moment of
inertia Maximum variation in speed is _____rpm.

Not Attempt Correct Ans. 2.736 Range. (2.50 - 3.20 ) bookmark

Solution:-

Given P = 6000 W
Of energy developed per cycle

(1 rotation = 2 cycles double acting)

Q.26 The profile of a radial cam is specified as and


where is the angle of rotation of the cam and are
the Cartesian coordinates of the cam profile. Pressure angle at
is_____degrees (cam center is at (0, 0))

Not Attempt Correct Ans. 16.1 Range. (14.00 - 18.00 ) bookmark

Solution:-

Tangent to cam profile at

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= angle of tangent to cam profile wrt x – axis.
Angle of normal to cam profile wrt x – axis

Angle of line of follower wrt x-axis at

Pressure angle angle between normal and line of follower

Q.27 A cam of base circle 50 mm is to operate a roller follower of 20 mm diameter.


Follower has simple harmonic motion. Angular speed of cam is 360 rpm. Total
rise of follower is 40 mm. Angle of ascent angle of dwell and
angle of descent followed by dwell again. Maximum acceleration during
ascent and descent is

a.

b.

c.

d.

Not Attempt Correct Ans. a bookmark

Solution:-

Q.28 The magnitude of swaying couple due to partial balance of the primary
unbalancing force in a locomotive is

a. Inversely proportional to the reciprocating mass

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b. Directly proportional to the square of the distance between the center lines of the
two cylinders
c. Inversely proportional to the distance between the center lines of the two cylinders
d.
Directly proportional to the distance between the center lines of two cylinders

Not Attempt Correct Ans. d bookmark

Solution:-
d

Q.29 The control force curve of a spring loaded governor is a straight line. At a radius
of 50 cm, the control force is 600 N and at 60 cm it is 700 N. Ball arm and sleeve
arm are of same length. Identify the nature of governor and indicate how it can
be made isochronous.

a.
Unstable; reduce the initial compression of spring by 100 N
b. Stable; reduce the initial compression of spring by 100 N
c. Unstable; increase the initial compression of spring by 100 N
d. Stable; increase the initial compression of spring by 100 N

Not Attempt Correct Ans. a bookmark

Solution:-

At
F =F2 = 700N
Fr = Ar + B
600 = A x 50 + B

Unstable governor
To make it isochronous, Initial compression to be reduced by 100 N

Q.30 An eccentric circular disc cam of 120 mm diameter has its center at 40 mm from
disc center. The line of follower is vertical and passes through the cam center.
Mass of follower is 3 kg and is pressed onto the cam by a spring of stiffness 5
N/mm. When follower is at its lowest position, spring force 60 N. Speed at which
follower loses its contact with cam is_____rpm.

Not Attempt Correct Ans. 609.85 Range. (605.00 - 615.00 )


bookmark

Solution:-
Cam will lose contact with follower when inertia force of follower exceeds the magnitude of
preload + spring force due to further compression of spring + weight of follower.

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Inertia force is maximum upwards when follower has maximum downward acceleration

Spring force

P = preload
This happens when follower is its the highest position

At
When follower loses contact with cam. Speed at which

follower loses contact

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