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Baptist Bible Study Bulletin (No. 7; Vol.

1; 2019) Language Tools (English/Hebrew/Greek)

Language Tools – A reference tool that enables one to understand the meaning of a particular word in its usage, it can aid in
proper pronunciations, and identify its etymology (word origins – some words can be defined by their root or derivation).

A. English Language Tools:

1. The Oxford English Dictionary (OED) – Published by Oxford University Press, the work began in 1857. A 10-volume
series was produced in 1928. The second edition, 1989. The third edition is forthcoming (started in 2000). Electronic
and online versions are available.

2. Online Etymology Dictionary – (www.etymonline.com) “Etymologies are not definitions; they're explanations of
what our words meant and how they sounded 600 or 2,000 years ago.” (from their webpage)

3. American Dictionary of the English Language (Noah Webster’s 1828) – certain words reflect early American values.

4. White’s Dictionary of the King James Language – self-published by Steven J. White (1956-present) – a church
planter, and pastor of Grace Baptist Church, Surrey, BC. Volume 1 features A-E; Volume 2 features F-H.
(www.whitesdictionary.ca). This is a fascinating study of the early modern English.

5. The KJV Dictionary – By Michael Curtis Lewthwaite and Grant Wayne McComb (self-published, 2010). This combines
Noah’s 1828 definition to their word selections. Handy size and easy to transport.

6. A Bible Word List & Daily Reading Plan – Published by the Trinitarian Bible Society, 2016. (an online pdf is available)

B. Hebrew Language Tools:

1. The Englishman’s Hebrew Concordance of the Old Testament – Published by Hendrickson Publishers, 1995. By
George V. Wigram (1805-1879) – an English Biblical scholar and theologian. This work is based on the KJV.

2. The Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon – Published by Hendrickson Publishers, 1996. (with an
Appendix containing the Biblical Aramaic). Hard copies and electronic versions are available. Francis Brown (1849-
1916) was an American Semitic scholar. S.R. Driver (Samuel Rolles Driver, 1846-1914) was an Old Testament and
Hebrew scholar. Charles A. Briggs (Charles Augustus Briggs, 1841-1913) was an American Presbyterian scholar and
theologian who later became Episcopalian having been excommunicated from the Presbyterian Church because of
his liberal theology in 1983. This work is also known as BDB.

C. Greek Language Tools:

1. The Englishman’s Greek Concordance of the New Testament – Published by Hendrickson Publishers, 1996. By George
V. Wigram. Hard copies and online versions are available. This work is based on the KJV.

2. A Greek-English Lexicon of the New Testament and Other Early Christian Literature – Published by the University of
Chicago Press, 3rd edition, 2001. Revised and Edited by Frederick William Danker (1920-2012) – he was a New
Testament scholar and Koine Greek lexicographer. This work is also called BDAG (the initials of all the contributors:
Walter Bauer (1877-1960) – German theologian and N.T. Greek lexicographer; Frederick Danker; William F. Arndt
(1880-1957) – American Lutheran pastor, and professor of New Testament Exegesis and Literature at Concordia
Seminary, St. Lious, MO.; and F.W. Gingrich (Felix Wilbur Gingrich, 1901-1993) – American Biblical Greek scholar,
and educator. Bauer’s Greek Grammar was first written in German. It was translated and edited by Arndt and
Gingrich in 1957/1958. Later it was revised by Danker in 1979.

➢ An online interlinear that is based on the Received Text (though utilizes capital letters) is
www.scripture4all.org. For the printed page: Berry’s Interlinear Greek-English New Testament (based on
the KJV). An online Greek lexicon – www.biblestudytools.com/lexicons/greek/kjv.

➢ For recommended online courses on Hebrew and Greek please see: Strouse’ Biblical Languages track at
Bible Baptist Theological Seminary (www.bbc-cromwell.org) or visit BBS at Cromwell, CT. See also: Thomas
Ross’ Bible Languages courses online at faithsaves.net; click on the “Courses” tab.

Eminent Excerpt:
“Commentaries, expositions, interpretations, are all mere scaffolding; The Holy Ghost himself must edify you and help you
to build up the church of the living God.” (C.H. Spurgeon, Commenting and Commentaries).