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Mary Grace F.

Pangilinan
BSND-2A
PART I

Original All butterflies are good omen.

Simple Conversion All good omen are butterflies.

Partial Conversion Some good omen are butterflies.

Obversion All butterflies are not non-good omen.

Simple
All non-good omen are not butterflies.
Contraposition
Complete
All non-good omen are non-butterflies.
Contraposition

Type 1 Inversion Some non-butterflies are not good omen.

Type 2 Inversion Some non-butterflies are non-bad omen.

Original All monsters are not evil.

Simple Conversion All evil are not monsters.

Partial Conversion Some evil are not monsters.

Obversion All monsters are non-evil.

Simple
Some non-evil are monsters.
Contraposition
Complete
Some non-evil are not non-monsters.
Contraposition

Type 1 Inversion Some non-monsters are evil.

Type 2 Inversion Some non-monsters are non-evil.


Original All meats are essential proteins.

Simple Conversion All essential proteins are meats.

Partial Conversion Some essential proteins are meats

Obversion All meats are not non-essential proteins.

Simple
All non-essential proteins are not meats
Contraposition
Complete
All non-essential proteins are non-meats.
Contraposition

Type 1 Inversion Some non-meats are not essential proteins.

Type 2 Inversion Some non-meats are non-essential proteins.

Original All criminals are punished.

Simple Conversion All punished are criminals.

Partial Conversion Some punished are criminals.

Obversion All criminals are not non-punished.

Simple
All non-punished are not criminals.
Contraposition
Complete
All non-punished are non-criminals.
Contraposition

Type 1 Inversion Some non-criminals are not punished.

Type 2 Inversion Some non-criminals are non-punished.


Original All hardworking people are successful.

Simple Conversion All successful are hardworking people.

Partial Conversion Some successful are hardworking people.

Obversion All hardworking people are not non-successful.

Simple
All non-successful are not hardworking people.
Contraposition
Complete
All non-successful are non-hardworking people.
Contraposition

Type 1 Inversion Some non-hardworking people are not successful.

Type 2 Inversion Some non-hardworking people are non-successful.

PART II
T- True
F- False
?- Doubtful
5 of A

A Every student in UIC is lovable. F

E Every student in UIC is not lovable. ?

O Some students in UIC are not lovable T

I Some students in UIC are lovable. ?


A All men are liars. F

E All men are not liars. ?

O Some men are not liars. T

I Some men are liars. ?

A Every girl in the group “Girl Trends” is good in dancing. F

E Every girl in the group “Girl Trends” is not good in dancing. ?

O Some girls in the group “Girl Trends” are not good in dancing. T

I Some girls in the group “Girl Trends” are good in dancing. ?

A All people who drink alcohol are drunkards. F

E All people who drink alcohol are not drunkards. ?

O Some people who drink alcohol are not drunkards. T


I Some people who drink alcohol are drunkards. ?

A All chocolates are bitter. F

E All chocolates are not bitter. ?

O Some chocolates are not bitter. T

I Some chocolates are bitter. ?

5 of E

E All humans are not breathing carbon dioxide. T

I Some humans are breathing carbon dioxide. F

O Some humans are not breathing carbon dioxide. T

A All humans are breathing carbon dioxide. F

E Every woman is not sensitive. F

I Some women are sensitive. T


O Some women are not sensitive. ?

A Every woman is sensitive. ?

E Every teacher is not good in speaking. F

I Some teachers are good in speaking. T

O Some teachers are not good in speaking. ?

A Every teacher is good in speaking. ?

E All insects are not flying. F

I Some insects are flying. T

O Some insects are not flying. ?

A All insects are flying. ?


E All shoes are not comfortable to wear. F

I Some shoes are comfortable to wear. T

O Some shoes are not comfortable to wear. ?

A All shoes are comfortable to wear. ?

5 of I

I Some Watsons facial products are effective. T

O Some Watsons facial products are not effective. ?

E All Watsons facial products are not effective. F

A All Watsons facial products are effective. ?

I Some goats are carnivores. F

O Some goats are not carnivores. T

E All goats are not carnivores. T


A All goats are carnivores. F

I Some people are dark-skinned. T

O Some people are not dark-skinned. ?

E All people are not dark-skinned. F

A All people are dark-skinned. ?

I Some foods are making people fat. T

O Some foods are not making people fat. ?

E All foods are not making people fat. F

A All foods are not making people fat. ?

I Some students are cheating. T

O Some students are not cheating. ?


E All students are not cheating. F

A All students are cheating. ?

5 of O

O Some people are not doing their best. T

A All people are doing their best. F

E All people are not doing their best. ?

I Some people are doing their best. ?

O Some bacteria are not pathogenic T

A All bacteria are pathogenic. F

E All bacteria are not pathogenic. ?

I Some bacteria are pathogenic. ?

O Some vitamins are not water soluble. T


A All vitamins are water soluble. F

E All vitamins are not water soluble. ?

I Some vitamins are water soluble. ?

O Some proteins are not enzymes. T

A All proteins are enzymes. F

E All proteins are not enzymes. ?

I Some proteins are enzymes. ?

O Some people are not worth it. T

A All people are worth it. F

E All people are not worth it. ?

I Some people are worth it. ?


PART III. 3 OF EACH FORMAT
MP
SM
----
SP

1. All amphibians breathe underwater;


but frogs are amphibians;
therefore frogs breathe underwater.

2. Carnivores eat meat;


but all lions are carnivores;
therefore lions eat meat.

3. Herbivores eat grass;


but all cows are herbivores;
therefore cows eat grass.

PM
SM
----
SP

1. No cats are dogs


but All corgis are dogs
therefore no corgis are cats.

2. All warm-blooded are mammals


but elephants are mammals
therefore elephants are warm-blooded.

3. Animal meats contain complete proteins;


but all beefs contain complete proteins
therefore all beefs are animal meats.

MP
MS
----
SP

1. No reptiles are bears


but all reptiles are cold-blooded animals
therefore no cold-blooded animals are bears.
2. Fruits make the body healthy;
but all fruits are nutritious foods;
therefore nutritious foods make the body healthy.

3. Potatoes are carbohydrates;


But all potatoes are energy giving foods;
Therefore energy giving foods are carbohydrates.

PM
MS
----
SP

1. All dogs are animals that eat both plants and meats
but all animals that eat both plants and meats are omnivores
therefore omnivores are dogs.

2. All proteins are composed of amino acids;


but amino acids are one of the most important components of the human body;
therefore one of the most important components of the human body are proteins.

3. Some oils are unsaturated fats;


But all unsaturated fats are good fats;
therefore some good fats are oils.