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Reported Speech

Don’t need to report Direct Speech if:

a) reporting a conversation that is still going on.

b) reading a letter and reporting what it says.

c) reading instructions.

d) reporting a statement that someone says very often. E.g. Tom says, he will never get married.

However, when you report what someone has said earlier you report it by
changing the verb tense.

Direct Speech Indirect/Reported Speech

Simple Present Simple Past

“I never eat meat.” She said (that) she never ate meat.
Present Continuous Past Continuous
“I’m waiting for Mary” He said (that) he was waiting for Mary.
Present Perfect Past Perfect
“I have found a flat” He said (that) he had found a flat.
Present Perfect Continuous Past Perfect Continuous
“I’ve been waiting for ages.” He said (that) he had been waiting for ages.
Simple Past Past Perfect
“I took it home with me.” She said (that) she had taken it home with her.
Future Conditional
“I will be in London on Tuesday.” He said he would be in London on Tuesday.
Future Continuous Conditional Continuous
“We will be travelling to London at 12 pm They said that they would be travelling to
tomorrow.” London at 12pm the next day.
Conditionals II Conditional II
“I’d like to see it” He said he’d like to see it (no change)
Modal Verbs

Direct Speech Indirect/Reported Speech

Must Must
Have to Had to
Ought to , should Ought to, should
Could Could
Can Could
May Might
Will would
Commands, Requests and advice
Direct Command: “Be quiet Tom!”

Indirect Command: He told Tom to be quiet.

Direct Command: “Don’t pull the cat’s tail.”

Indirect Command: His mother told him not to pull the cats tail.

Verb of command, request, advice + Object + Infinitive


Ask, warn, tell, command, order, remind, warn, beg, advise

Yes and No Questions

Direct question: “Do you live in London?”

Indirect Question: She asked him if/whether he lived in London.

Direct question: Have you got a car?

Indirect Question: He asked me if I had got a car.

Don’t use the auxiliary verb ‘do’ in the indirect question.

Question Words
Direct question: Where do you live?

Indirect question He asked me where I lived.

Direct question: How many brothers have you got?

Indirect question: She asked me how many brothers I had.

Reporting verbs and verb Patterns

“lets go to the cinema.” He suggested going to the cinema.

“Shall I cook dinner tonight” She offered to cook dinner that night.

“I’m going to university in London.” She decided to go to university in London.