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Exc 10.

4 no 2) The plane equation passing through the point (0, 2, −3) and normal to the vector
< 4, −1, −2 > is: 4(x − 0) − 1(y − 2) − 2(z − (−3)) = 0. Or more simply:
4x − y − 2z − 4 = 0.

Exc 10.4 no 3) The plane equation passing through the origin (0, 0, 0) and having normal < 1, −1, 2 > is:
1(x − 0) − 1(y − 0) + 2(z − 0) = 0 which is:
x − y + 2z = 0.

Exc 10.4 no 4) The plane parallel to the plane 3x + y − 2z = 15 has normal vector parallel to < 3, 1, −2 >
(the normal vector of the given plane) call it < 3k, k, −2k >. Then the plane equation passing
through the point (1, 2, 3) and having normal < 3k, k, −2k > is:
3k(x − 1) + k(y − 2) − 2k(z − 3) = 0 more simply: 3x + y − 2z = −1.

Exc 10.4 no 5) Since all three points P = (1, 1, 0), Q = (2, 0, 2) and R = (0, 3, 3) lie on the plane, the vectors
−−→ −→
P Q and P R are on the plane. The normal vector n is perpendicular to all the vectors on this
−−→ −→
plane, which means it is perpendicular
P Q =< 1, −1, 2 > and P R =< −1, 2, 3 >.
to both
i j k
−−→ −→
So we can use n = P Q × P R = 1 −1 2 = −7i − 5j + k =< −7, −5, 1 >.
−1 2 3
Then the plane equation passing through the point (1, 1, 0) and having normal < −7, −5, 1 >
is:
−7(x − 1) − 5(y − 1) + (z − 0) = 0 more simply: 7x + 5y − z − 12 = 0.

Exc 10.4 no 9) The line x + y = 2 and y − z = 3 has parametric equations x = −k + 2, y = k and z = k − 3.


This line is on the plane so the direction vector of this line=< −1, 1, 1 > is also on the
plane. The normal vector of the plane that we want to find is both perpendicular to the
vectors < −1, 1, 1 > and < 2, 3, 4 >(the normal
vector of the given plane). So we can use:
i j k

n =< −1, 1, 1 > × < 2, 3, 4 >= −1 1 1 =< −1, 6, −5 >.
2 3 4
Then the plane equation passing through the point (2, 0, −3)(put k = 0 in the parametric line
equation, since plane passes through the line, the point is on the plane) and having normal
< −1, 6, −5 > is:
−(x − 2) + 6(y − 0) − 5(z − (−3)) = 0 more simply: x − 6y + 5z + 13 = 0.

Exc 10.4 no 15) Equations of the line specified in


vector form: (x, y, z) = (1, 2, 3) + t(2, −3, −4).
scalar parametric form: x = 1 + 2t, y = 2 − 3t, z = 3 − 4t.
y−2
standard form: x−1 z−3
2 = (−3) = (−4) .

Exc 10.4 no 16) Since the line is perpendicular to the plane, the direction vector of the line is parallel to the
normal vector of the plane, which means v=< 2, −1, 7 >.
Equations of the line specified in
vector form: (x, y, z) = (−1, 0, 1) + t(2, −1, 7).
scalar parametric form: x = −1 + 2t, y = −t, z = 1 + 7t.
y
standard form: x+1 z−1
2 = (−1) = 7 .

1
Exc 10.4 no 17) The line lies on both planes so it is direction vector v is both perpendicular to normal vectors
of the
given planes.

i j k

v = 1 2 −1 =< 7, −6, −5 >.
2 −1 4

Equations of the line specified in


vector form: (x, y, z) = (0, 0, 0) + t(7, −6, −5).
scalar parametric form: x = 7t, y = −6t, z = −5t.
y
standard form: x7 = (−6) z
= (−5) .

Exc 10.4 no 20) r = (1, 4, 9) + t(−2, 3, −4) therefore, r0 = (1, 4, 9) and v = (−2, 3, −4)
x−1
so, the standard form of the equation of the given line is (−2) = y−43 =
z−9
(−4)

Exc 10.4 no 21) the standard form of the equation of the given line is x−4
(−5) = y3 ; z = 7

Exc 10.4 no 22) the two planes have respective normals n1 = i − 2j + 3k and n2 = 2i + 3j − 4k
Thus, a direction vector of their line of intersection is v = n1 × n2 = −i + 10j + 7k
Now, we only need to find one point in this line of intersection. By letting z=0, by elimination
we get x = 87 and y = 47 . Hence, the point r0 = ( 87 , 47 , 0) is on the line.
8 4
r = ( , , 0) + t(−1, 10, 7)
7 7
x− 87 y− 47 z
so, the standard form of the equation of the given line is (−1) = 10 = 7

Exc 10.4 no 26) we know, distance from a point P0 = (x0 , y0 , z0 ) to the plane having equation Ax+By +Cz =
D is
|Ax0 + By0 + Cz0 − D|
s= √ =
A2 + B 2 + C 2
in our case, P0 = (0, 0, 0), A=1, B=2, C=3, and D=4. Hence, s = √ 4 = √4
1+4+9 14

|3−8+0−2|
Exc 10.4 no 27) P0 = (1, 2, 0), A=3, B=-4, C=-5, and D=2. Hence, s = √ = √7 = 7

9+16+25 50 5 2

Exc 10.4 no 28) First, let’s find the equation of the line of the intersection of these two planes. the two planes
have respective normals n1 = i + j + k and n2 = 2i − j − 5k
Thus, a direction vector of their line of intersection is v = n1 × n2 = −4i + 7j − 3k
Now, we only need to find one point in this line of intersection. By letting z=0, by elimination
we get x = 13 and y = − 31 . Hence, the point r0 = ( 13 , − 31 , 0) is on the line.
1 1
r = ( , − , 0) + t(−4, 7, −3)
3 3
if we let r0 = (0, 0, 0) =origin, v = (−4, 7, −3) and r1 = ( 31 , − 13 , 0), then the distance from
origin to the line is

|(− 13 , 13 , 0) × (−4, 7, −3)|


r
|(r0 − r1 ) × v| |(−1, −1, −1)| 3
s= = p = √ =
|v| 2
(−4) + 7 + (−3)2 2 74 74

2
d d
Exc 11.1 no 1) (a) v(t) = dt r(t)
= dt (i + tj) = j

(b) υ(t) = |v| = 12 = 1
dv d
(c) a(t) = dt = dt (j) =0
(d) the path is the line x=1, z=0 i.e (1,t,0)
d d 2
Exc 11.1 no 3) (a) v(t) = dt r(t)
= dt (t j + tk) = 2tj + k

(b) υ(t) = |v| = 4t2 + 1
dv d
(c) a(t) = dt = dt (2tj + k) = 2j
(d) the path is the parabola y = z 2 in the yz -plane.

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