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Why bother with

irrigation system Maintenance


maintenance?
A well-maintained drip system has Millennium Challenge Account
a longer useful life so you do not Cape Verde
have to replace parts as often.

The distribution of water is more


uniform across the field. This
makes your plants healthier and
saves water. Healthy plants also
need less pesticides.
Ministry of the Environment,
Why bother? Rural Development and A dirty filter should be cleaned to maintain
adequate system pressure.
• Fewer replacement of parts
Marine Resources
• Use less water
• Healthier plants
• Less pesticides
• More crop at harvest time

Because you spend less on parts,


water, and pesticides, and because Agland Investment Services, Inc.
your crops grow better, you also
make more money. Te c h n i c a l Te a m
Coordination:
Three easy maintenance steps: Lizanne E. Wheeler
Editor, Designer, Layout Artist: on e i n a seri es of 5
1. Clean the filter
2. Flush the hoses Chase DuBois
Author: Drip Irrigation
3. Check the pressure
Patrick D. Brown www.mca.cv/pt/formacao/documentos-formacao/
Clean the filter Flush the hoses Check the pressure

All agricultural filters allow silt and tiny


organic materials to pass into the drip
A dirty filter can reduce water flow and system. This material must be removed To maintain a high level of water
allow particles of debris to enter the on a regular schedule (every 2-3 application uniformity, the drip system
drip system. The filter should be weeks) to prevent emitter plugging. must be operating within a specific
checked as often as once per week pressure range.
until you gain experience with the Flush the mainline and secondary
water quality of the system. lines. Open the tail end of the lines Tape systems should operate between
1 and allow the water to flow out for 0.5 to 1.0 bar (5-10 meters of head).
Turn the water off at the main valve 2 to 3 minutes, until the water flows
and open the filter case. The case is clear. Hard hose systems with emitters
1 sealed with an o-ring and can be
Flush the drip laterals in the field.
generally operate between 1.0 and 1.5
bar (10-15 meters of head).
opened and re-assembled without
tools. Open only one or two lines at a
time, which will help keep the
Remove the filter element, either a
2 system pressure high enough to
Verifying system pressure is fast and
easy. Open a lateral tube and attach a
2 filtration screen or a set of disks and flush the lines. Flush each line 2 to 3 pressure gauge. That is all there is to it!
rinse in a bucket of clean water. minutes.
If the system pressure is out of the
Carefully re-assemble the filter and You can run the water into a bucket specified range, you need to determine
3 tighten hand-tight only. The o-ring and use it to water other plants. It is
helpful to run the water into a clear
why and how to resolve the problem.
will provide the water-tight seal.
plastic cup to visually check if the flush
4 Turn the water back on. water is running clear, or if more time
is needed to flush the line.