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1.

Introduction
Raw water pump facility consists of the following equipment:
(1) Intake basin
(2) Raw water pumps: Centrifugal pump
Specification
(a) Installation Number : 5 pumps
(b) Capacity : 550L/sec x 17mH
(3) Pipes and valves
Butterfly valve (Manual/ Mortalized), non-return valve
(4) Drain pumps
Specification
(a) Installation Number : 2 pumps
(b) Capacity : 1.18L/min
(5) Crane
Raw water from the intake is led into the intake basin through raw water pipe. Raw
water in the intake basin is discharged by the raw water pumps and transferred to
distribution basin though a raw water pipe.

2. Features of process
2-1. Function of process
Function of the raw water facility is to transfer the raw water into the distribution basin
with the required quantity.

2-2. Impacts of process


For the correct starting of water treatment process, the raw water flow rate shall be used
for the calculation of chemical requirement. Chemical devices shall be adjusted so that
they can supply the proper dosing amount determined by the chemist in laboratory.

2-3 Relations between other processes


2-3-1. Raw water intake
Raw water intake is a preceding step of the raw water supply. Raw water is flown into
the intake basin by gravity. Water level and water quality in the intake basin will be
almost the same as the water level and water quality of canal.

2-3-2. Distribution basin


The distribution basin is located after the raw water pump facility. The required quantity
of the raw water should be fed from the raw water pump to the distribution basin under
controlled condition and required quantities.
3. Criteria for operation
3-1. Schedule for pump operation
Raw water pumps should be operated according to the operation schedule. Usually,
some pumps will operate 24 hours. And then stand-by pumps operate according to the
water demand. Summary for the operation schedule is as shown in following table.
According to the following contents, daily operation record should be managed.

Period Operation Schedule


General
(Operation Main pump should be change every week.
Frequency)
1. Check for operation current
2, Check for operation pressure
3. Check for Abnormal noise, temperature, vibration &
Daily etc,
4. Check for operation Time (From start to stop)
5. Check for daily total operation hour
6. Check for daily total production water amount

3-2. Preparation to start operating the pump (In case that the vacuum pump is
used)
Prior to start a pump, air in the casing of the pump should be evacuated by vacuum
pump. After water is filled in the pump casing, a pump will be able to start. Vacuum
pressure indicator requires minus 0.3 bar or more to start a pump.

3-3. Proper working number of raw water pump


Required number of raw water pumps should be operated according to the water
demand.

3-4.Indication of discharge pressure gauge of pump


Proper indication for pressure gauge: Lower limit ----- bar
Upper limit ----- bar
* Pressure value should be checked at the site. Plant manager should notice it to
operators.

3-5.Indication of operation current of pump


Proper indication of operation current: Lower limit ----- A
Upper limit ----- A
* Rated current for pumps should be checked at the site. Plant manager should notice it to
operators.
3-6.Indication of production amount of the well
Proper production water amount: Lower limit ----- m3/day
Upper limit ----- m3/day
* Production water amount from the well should be checked at the site. Plant manager
should notice it to operators.

4. Operation under normal condition


4-1. Startup and shutdown procedures
4-1-1. Pre-start check
Pumps should be checked according to following procedure before start.
(1) Water level in the intake basin
Water level should be sufficient for operating pump.
(2) Valves on suction pipeline
Valves in suction pipeline should be opened fully.
(3) Valves on discharge pipeline
Valves in discharge pipeline should be closed.
(4) Valve for air evacuation by vacuum pump (in case that the vacuum pump is used.)
Valve for air evacuation by vacuum pump should be opened fully.
(5) Electrical switch board
Power should be supplied.

4-1-2. Startup
(1) Operate the vacuum pump (in case that the vacuum pump is used.)
Vacuum pressure indicator should require minus 0.3 bar or more.
(2) Close the valve for air evacuation and stop the vacuum pump
Water is discharged at the end of air evacuation pipe, valve should be closed.
(3) Operate the raw water pump by the switch-on control at the control panel
(4) Open the discharge valve
(5) Check the discharge pressure
(6) Check the operation current
(7) Check the abnormal noise, vibration, temperature arise and water leakage
(8) Adjust the tightening of gland packing, if any

4-1-3. Shutdown
(1) Close the discharge valve
(2) Stop the raw water pump by the switch-off control at the control panel

4-2. Monitoring and visual check during operation


Monitoring and visual check of the intake area is very important activity. It should be
conducted at least 3 times a day. If unusual condition is found, corrective action should
be immediately conducted especially in case of vibration, unusual noise and decrease
discharge amount.
5. Operation under unusual condition
5-1 Expected troubles and trouble shooting
 Clogging in the suction pipe or the discharge pipe
 Discharge pressure is not enough (high or low)
 Discharge quantity is not enough
 The water level in the intake basin is not enough
 Mechanical trouble of the pump

6. Report and record


6-1. Record
Record for the raw water pump operation should include the following:
6-1-1. Record of pump operation
 Operation hours of each pump
 Operation condition
 Discharge pressure, quantity, electrical current, etc.
 Water level in the raw water basin
 Unusual condition of pump

6-1-2. Record of vacuum pump operation


 Operation hours of each pump
 Operation condition
 Vacuum pressure, electrical current, etc.

6-2 Report
Reports for operation of raw water intake should include the following:
6-2-1. Unusual condition in operation
Unusual condition, corrective action conducted and recovery time should be reported.

6-2-2. Monthly report


 Operation hours of each pump
 Recommendation on operation

6-2-3. Annual report


 Operation hours of each pump
 Recommendation on operation