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rbr XX Bexa, tr ero uporr.rnHrrror, AyMaro,coiayr-
cg Ha ToM, sTo HaIlI Bex - oArIE I{3 caMblx cTparx- OAITA'I C]IIDPTEJIbEAfl IIPO@ECCI{ffB MUPE.
r{brx B ucToptrIl qeJloBececrBa.B arou nerno y6e-
Ar{rr,cfi, na,Ite 6er;ro nar:txayn fia XX croJrerue
trepea trplt3uv <cuepre;rr,uoiit>cTarIrcrI{I{r. l{aIi Calroii olacnoii cpenrl rpaTr{Aanclirrx trpo(bec-
Hs oBopayuBaii aror HaJlefiAocr{ou,.rrc6ofi yaop cnii trpEHETo ouzrarr, lpo{ecc,|Io [axrepa. fIoA-
B HeM rycTo 3aMerrreEEa xpoBs. oguaxo co6e- rDep,{|Aefltrfi ToMy MEo}fecrBo. Tar, r uoa6pe
peMcfi c Ayxorl r trptrcryltrIr. 1989 r. r peaynlrare BapbrBa lra yroJrbnoft ruax-

tl
qe"lose-x
qeJoBeH ralioii )+ie g 1989 r.- 70. trilaarnx ceutr[ecnrlr 15
rc B Cep6nlr trortr6Ju 90 na Iio.'ryn6urr' 11 - Ha UaJlbBaAop'
u nDrr\oanrctr
o i"' r.t" 1990 r' crar npuruanirl^uiie'r 1+- na Bpaall.'rnru.
"]n"," tllalrepoBEa buu
rJryotrEe Mer- 7-- ua llep-v.
t7'8roroc.rascHrts
r' ro- gncro -xypua;rltctor, uolu6lrlrx s 1990 r'
ooi ooi-,,"*""ii B liurae 21 alpe'rn {991
(,naunue uOpul ort xal c' ). i j i rl " r" B P ti a((rr
luaxre fJbllTrr
tlic Ir3-Ja 83pbtBa rdla Ea yrolbsoii
quaqua < P enoprepu i i e:rrpauttttu l l p14l rt)Jl lM(' tl tl l r
ootiuo"our 147 uraxrepoaCauan ttp}l- qnilpy l]6. Rcero xe Ir Mlpc 3a Ircpuo:r
rlyo -
Eafi B Mrrpe aBaplrfl Ha lrlaxTe Tal0fie lpolr3olrlJla
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c 19ti9 no 1990 r., ito ;lilHItblrl lrot itccollxau[r4'
o- fi -u ".'B aupe. le 194 2 r' u a p u a y ro ' tl ,u tfi l l t- qa Me?r{Ay}rapo,l(-
s e - uoln6 751 niypEa.rlllcr. A sor
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JOB E I i.
(a'+irbu{ roJl .,rrrcra) B tiorlyu6uftcxtrir cro"'luqe CaEra-q)c Ac-
B CIIL\ B Iracrotrlqee BpcME y6rrrr'tr
BA s o (r l'iorora Suna sa3Basa tlnati qnSpa - 830
lurri ra ru t t iO - 70 r ua x re p o e trp u rre p l rr' aa 20 .rer petroprepoB (tlr; utlr uyrr 6olrec 50() -
lea b me . r t eM B F a' I a. l e l J b U -\ rr'
t"''"g-Couata^ot s Jlarutcnofi -{lrepute). Carluvu ouacnnlrtt
Cr-,rrrce 198! t ttortt'i to 'iorce B D T(r1 [l 'l l l u.f ri bl l l l
cT0aH aMrl tr"l a ,H vpE i l .l l l cTon
2.00 ut"itopo"' a s 1990 r'- oFioJ()500 Tortsrio tt l l ari ucratt. l l Ii r" r,ryrr'
yroJlb- rl tu.rrrrragr,r, I{,ri 1,u' i rra
aa I Mecsqee oluoro 1990 r' B coBercnllr yi i ursr 33 ;xyp-
u Bcrlbl- 6nn. nanpul rep,3a { 984-1990 rr'
Ebrx uaxrax 23 paea lpelre;rlt ts3pl'lBb-r HaJlucra. B 1991 r. ara [eqaJrLllAtl rpaxlrrllrtl
or'I6poconyr-
i""uo t""u"' 6u.ro 10 lseaanuolx rrpoAo,'rxI{.xacb. f)nncttx iricprn rrolloJl{rt;lII p{r
r". o o o oo" ' u t a: la. 3ll ra B a J to B 1 4l l 4 l rr' Itre M e l tx
r,,o l ' o4ptrtcc--l t\rrcl l l t.tt.tor' i )ttrr
[ J . ' [ uuiiac c o fi p ) l H c i i l u e ]l l ro l h H o v | Irprcpr,, hnp
nol * a p 'o B
c[oco- 6rt,tt racrpt' l teul l )Tpl u 20 ]l atl u l opr):l r'rl r' t(' '
6accciine, ua riairgut'i Ao6rtruii Iuaxrshl-\I peEcIttr, I{orAa HAltpaBtltrill,rct' I ritllrc ;1itrt lrol-
oAllH no-
6oll unl.tnon rourr yr'lt nptrxl)lllTcl ;r1'ltttll-
r" orctoAa "t"uu*o pa4"n,tepeAa'Ir. 06a ttortt6tllltr
ioOru"ii .np""*. TaK. 29 rtnlq 1991 .rrxcTa paHee HcoilEoI{paTEo II0lryIlanlr \fpl,rll,l llo
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n'-u ',ta I O at no. t ot t i ,a c c l ;a a,\i t t u .c l ti tt:tH t t .,ti on' r!l r' rccti r' trl t (url l t,r.l t,H our' tttrzl r' eti rri i ' r'
t lll c " c ' \trl trr' l L l l h l tl l l c \t' l o tl
ll ? u a rrn poe f lf crauoBue e uponrruqulr liariera.
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iiiccn u i r liapar an. lllHc ri .i i trril a c l l t rp l l l i asl ronc 6u,r aaerpe.rteul l nryu l i arauatl anl rt;.
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l l i l .l l l l C Tbl , l i JIrt.'
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1".1,,Ihr\'l tl l (. l i ol r,phl {' fl ,e'i i ,8.r'l l l l l l r|l i l ri l Tl l tl ,
l i , ' N l 6 d i i E a ll"l tl6 llr Ita IIi| | | ' ItItIi lu a \fln '
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l ,i r:r,'6.ti r,trrro,l l ,H t,tl
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pa6tlttrx
ctirlr oKiliJa.lrctl 3Tor [eEr' rr 1ln 1t1i 1Ol ,t IIpOTl .tB H Ill i on cTa;l i l r\.'Itl .
pylttt"u t{ntanoto.rtscrir'rii ( tiouqepu t'llrtpnrtl'cti- (
i [i vpua.:r ncrrr B oc r.1a .-IcBJj r tt t ttl tt.rttl . )c,r rt'ti l t o
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IrolIcrl. liofllil :laljlo\ ABnf rc ll' O;1rrn ltliio'tttii
llo i l i rri rrrl , rl orl 'tpe\ l )cl l opropots l '1,'l tri t l r IOtoci tatttttt
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n prtllj.liti 14Tl"I LljI c I l' ilill lllll ( ' r l; r ' I
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rrnirc ur r c Tr l _ llI t t ( Foc ( llt l plln
l ![ opr, t l tlccTr' ll" "r i\ l i ', " p l i . : 'a n , t r e r o A o p l r i l l c t l l l a t r l t t l c . S t r l s a ( t ; r r 't -
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;ra;1a liaprlorllra. allrJlriiclioro ;li)ipsa"tlrcrat (xr-
u Ka3rleEIl(rl(} r r {) p . , r a f t r f t I r r I H i ) p n t t r r I }a n : I e p N {d c . i l i i l t t r t i r
;Irtixtrrr o6gtrncluot{) B lullllollita{0
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s 1989 r. o l4pate. llo ,qaunotn tt.'
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i,pi,ttt",r,t" <(Dpttlt,rt ra1'c>' u 1987 r" iir'r.'rrr t r "
llr t ; 1au- l l t ; , r I r | , r ',t t r r t t . t r 't t I r l r 'l l L t ' ; l t r u r ' 1 1 1 " " 't 'i "
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itelp (lro;rr'rl11H. rlpe IIbop-Muuttcrp Pocctltt -
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i l u , t t a 'l a , t , r a r . l c . t t l l i t r i i t l l l ; r t p u 1 '\ : p r l l l I l -
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trIvralIlIeg Tapatil. rtpe;utrcttr Adrrauncra- Hc .tv.tnrc. qclr n Poccrttr. o6croa.lo 1c,ro
ria -,r'6ur I 6oPr'6e 3a Bilacrb rr no (Dpanqurr. i:i.1ccr,6rt.'ru y6rrrr'r rr;Irt ra;r-
liimxu Tol6epr, npe3lrAeHr Jlu6epuu - rr€rrbr Monapxt - l'cnpux Ill, feuplx IV. Jho-
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v6lr. noruri XVI f[o6aarlr cIoEa crqe rtpcslrAelrrorl
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qnrr. I4a 76 cro [pe3lrAe[Toa t8 6r'l'rrt rlr.rrLorrl-
r ri rrr.
i)ppepa Topplrxoc, 6t'rnnruii r.'lillir npalltlc lh- Irl pOB al rblu Tpoe trOl i Ol trlllllt ' ,ti n3H bcal to;6tti i '
-Ilairalrrr I
,,'r,ua lour6 a aorralia r acrpodlc ' C TR OM.
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cfioii PecnY6.jlufiIr - Y6trr. ]:TBep,fi,qaer,'tro u erpotteiictioii ncroplrtl u\';rir'-
Vn6epro I, nopo..rr'tr4ra;rurr- )'6IIr reppoprlc- crBeHHbrx rtlHrlcrpoB {uuaucor norlt6;ro xyla
TOII.
5olr,rue, ner{e,rrr rfoHaproB IrJrrr ttpei]II[erlroB.
Oeiica,"r,riopo.'tr'Caygoncrioii .\parttlt - y6nr' IIo gaunu15 Ayapa, nalr6oltttlee qllcJo rcpocB
Xa l tar y 4n. lr lx ' lt t , e pMIl l In c rp fl n u ttttu - 1 -rtc p rbnraucrcron rac,rrl rbral crcfl B t) Opartl tl tu: c
or paIr, noJlytreflIlnrx nplr reppopucrll'lccliorl alire i315 uo {781 r. ralr yuepln <u1'uenlrtectioii
-H"tto.oae rlayruecry, trpe3trAclll Pyltr'rnnr - cMeprr,ro) 37 ulnncrpon dtnnaucon.
ti l l3 t leH.
Huxar 3prru. 6lturunii upclltirp-rlllxncrp I )'p- Eure neulorc' oii olacrrus npodleccxtr lla-
rlurr - y6lrr. l l ero apeMesl r.
R or aeroropste .l l attH bl oo npodl ecctrol l arutt" tt
Eule pa; troArlep'iry. ero pcqh rJ[er ro"lbIio crreprrrocrlr no CCCP. B conercxoii ra3oBoft lpo-
55 qeJroBcx'B
o XX gexe! lJc;Irr xe liotrarlr a rly6l npever' rc' r{r,rrrilegtlocrlr s 1988 r. loru6ln
nepequcreulte y6urrtx upaoure;rei'I rtorlo 6b! 3a- 1990 r,- 38. [3 r'lctalnypru'recxori rlpor'lr,rru"'rert-
gecxrntr. ecJrlr He coTEIr cTpaElrq Boar,nrell, socr[ s 1989 r'. rou6rrlr 14 ve"ronex, a 1990 r.-
nn"r,
19, Bcero n {990 r. B llpol{bl[rJlennocrlr r aron-
nanpElrep, Torrrlfio [Be crpallbl - Poccnto u @1au-
q"to, V"o poucxorlliro c lparlrelluu uoii onepteruxe COCP uorll6.'Io cBr'Ilrle rbrcrr!n
(seruxuMu r(r{s3bflMtr Ir qapsrf[) ? tr4ropl -Pycu Prcprr- qcJIoBeI{.A eclu 6parr' rpol{3RoAcrBoB qeJIoll'
s l 98C r.. l l nopfl i l Fl '
n o a l tr - y 6nr lt peB a fl E a rl u .-C e a ro c l a e 1 4 ro p o - .rl ccr, nnthptt trocrpattl l tcc:
rn.r - y6ur ne'ieqeraitrtl. flpouo.nx Clsroc-ta- tl a uD ou3;o,[cruo uorrr,l rn 14 47i ' reroneri (nprr-
t ro -v6 n t n I ' oleu c , 1 4 rl c .ra r fl p o c ' ra e n ' t- nreortbcto"ouriuaie coBercnrlx colrat lorrr6no ait
vSur nororqaiurr. n ltAlei'i Eoro:to6cxtlii - y6ur 10 ;rer soiisu a Arlramrcrane) B 1990 r" 'Iuc ro
Eoro ro6ose. K)ptrii RcenonoAonnu - y6nt na rrorn6trrrx Ea coBercllo\1 upolr38oAcrBc/locrlrt'-Io
"aoiiuc o Earueu, Nltrxaul Cnnroclanuv Trep- l6 rncrq. 'ro ccrb rla riaiIiiILII-Inerlb [pn \o,11!'rtocl'
cttoir - y6nr r Op.rrc, Iopnii [aultulonrtu Mocrorr crr,rrrc 40 llecIlacrII6l\ Cily{aeB co crleprc'rILrII'Il1
crnii - y6tlr rarapar{[. 3ro gcii ne.ttrlrivensasr'l' rrcroflorr.
qapcnoro rlrryl'la craillf ylJIIBarr' 13 uetioropux clpauax o-rAe.'Ir'Hhle npoq)ecollrl
-\ c nogg,resneu
qapeir. peayl;rare 5opl6rr aa s.rlacts lo1116- l l l n v l c T A n o B H T C n I C O 6 e l l l l o nflflctlLI\llt lt cBtl lll
n B
tnr' Ixenonl"ptiii I, I4oasn Anronoru'r, flerp III' a 'o r . , , , 1 1 1 q p s t i , r i i u i 'c 'l d t l o B i ( o i i T l t i . o 6 o c r p e t t t t ''
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Ilase;t I... trI natioueq, t{eprBaMrr pclloJrrouttonc- lrpoTLIRoCrOtrEnaIiaTo;tIrloB It trpoTccTa',uToB -B
I l . T a ri n l t repnoii 14p;raugrllt trplrBeJo r ut6eln rnoq)cpoR
lot crl ,r n l, r et ; c au4p II l r H n ri o ra fr IrIaulrHa [o'rltri-
0 6 p a 3 o u, t t r i0 t pant tre .rc i l A e p H a B b l6 l t tu 5 ' i tt- NruHrl-Taricn. flo npaouttau raxag
He ncKJIlorlalor au6lelrofi fttrplllt Ho au6lc-
rd 14! Iipolln roro, IlcroplltlII na 6Hrr ctla6ixeua
qro Bopuc logynor tr lo- tla cpa;ly Bbt]laeT trprlrraane)t{II{)cT6 TaKCIICTa li
Toro, 6u"'r orpanlcn
rioEqu"t c co6oii Hufioraii I Cynlecrlynr rlxxe TOMV trJIi ITHOMy lrareplo, npoBOIlIlpytl HacI'IJlIrc'
ncncnu o6 orpaB.negnlr Jlen[sa n Craruna Ho B otua6pe 1990 r.6H"'I 3acrpeJerr BoalrrcJll'-npo-
uo
gut*" tonutio 6eccnopnbre clyuarr, TecraI{T, orBo3rrBluI'tir pe6eutta R roctllrraJb
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erqe Hanan-nIt6yglnpo(reccun'rAe cro-t blcoK


tIDo[eHTHeecrecrBcllHLIx clrepreii?*
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.,r,r ,ro *ic.ts rrpecrouoio noxola u Tyulc llctartt to
* P ea N q n r n a r r a r r tJb cr BcllHylo cr l{ lr r L io r y.ld p cr n o n n . o i r p e ; r r r o e ' B l o ! ! 0 , 1 a .B o l r d q n c o l E b l H o x l t l n \ '
na EoiiHc Hiaccrl
B CU| lbt X J I I I , I O p O B6 b l S C n r , lca yllccT ctl. p a lllo t lla ' to lir o -iooon"uo docro noru6ars
^ioli"n*
o " . n r i 'i , 'L u " " p rr,"r_ onlna ffra Jltorcplt6yprcnoro ro-
onJ lalir! aa J l g r l s r r r o p a P yll6 lHllo r lcyo r e cl{ y- .^ llo y3 lla B
llr l0 ti r ' l Jt T lp o tlcr IT ir o o r 'n , t , '. i u . , r i t t B l r r o l n X I V n l s n . O u n o p y r u n y n p r 't r -
o; v 6rf ic l B c ' I I ' t { o t r l f ( o tln t' - llt. .ti ul l o r1" v,(i tl cl ur'\l (l l otl l ! l l i \l P fTl l tl ti l l M. i r carl l l l r"'l -
art oiura, t q e r ' crroprt vtta d ' c IIil ll \lo xl' l3 n J 1 c .' r lir :ll'l quH x
no,rt.l vtracl B oB aTL U pa3.l 00nl l tl Ll x l i drl l l al l rl fi x'
v 25 nDo q e r r r o g u r B e I o B ll y 4 4 lll' u u l.u r o t' lllln cr p a n
"u ns .
nobr + i " o a n n t " r o lllu e q u u u .r r to r lcu ' l yo u u cr Ba iir,ri*i.i"uoynt.*,,ir obru6 s 1346r. D 6droe lpr lipe
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t4
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uyr rle 10,]16r(0 raltcr{crbr, uo rr naccaixrprr, B ce-
peAuHe70-x r. crpaHy lorprrcno Aero (uannrrJrr,-
cr rx IIa.rIarrer"r)) - 6aHAnToB,rioTopbrc3atrarrnBii- r{ennuorrpn CIII r\ no rio.r[rrcorR].
1'6lriicrr (n
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r ra rr y 6 rrn a ,rrr.
T ec ra n rcrir c lt B apr a. - I brr B 1981 r. agccr 6uno y6uro 1983 rreroBena, B
R tr4rpan.'ren ror6pc 1990 r. 6ur y6ur rar- 1989-rr. 1COi qe.roacH,n 1990 r. Jra qudrpl
crrcr-cnpeii- B orlrecrfil' ;la 1'6triicrlo n 14cpy- -
,l ocrl r.rd 2l 1i . B c.rca :rl H sro-fi opri onrl rA vr:-
caJrrlro 21 rrarecruHua. ,IIoc--\u1xc;rec - 877 y6niicrr s {989 r.,
B Mocxne r 1990 r. norn6;ru /t Bo;Ilrrc.nrrrari, 9 8 3 -r 1 9 9 0r. ;
crr. Og n o ro r r 3 F x x . T op ro g a u rrrp ro
H o v l .roa o ,' l rro i i . r{nriaro._ 7tt2 y6l;lf,caraI 1989 r., 850 - s
r'6n.'rn sa qpeaMepHoBrrrconyroqeny, Koropyro oH 1990r.:
EaJHa{rrJr aa 6yrur,'Irv Bollrir!, Ipyroro y6n.rr lrrr- Xrrocrorr-- 1ri9 jfniicrs s 1989 r., 568- s
xttqrrouep Bo Br{ecJIyHe6EoeapeMa- 3a orria3 1990r.;
Bearr{ ero no naaBasHoMyaApecy. B 1991 r. qna ,{erpofir- 582 y6nircrnas {989 r., 621r- r
MocKoBcr{xxraHcrrcrA 6n;rr ;6nrrr c I(o,!6lo or- 1 9 9 0r. ;
pa6rennfl, eue ABa-- n 1992 r.. Or,'ranelr{rrn - 47it s-6;l'i\crt s {989 r.,
Heua.uo xrepra tr cpe4rr rcx, riro oxparrter 503- s 1990r.;
nopsAor{. Ecrr s 1988 r. n CCCI' nour6lrrr 263 Baunnrrorr- /+31r r.. /r72-
Irirriicrnar 19119
pa6or4ura Mn"'rtrqrru,ro n 1989 r. yxe 345. s 1 9 9 0r. . 4 9 0 u 1 9 9 1r' .
B CIIIA no;rnqericrrle rolxe rtr6lyr. uo n uenr,- Xorn nb o6qcuy vnctry v6uiicrn cro"rnqa
reM Ko.rrtrqecrBe. Hanprlrep, aa 10.'rer, c 1962 CIIIA lalullaer (cxpoMrroe) ceAbMoe Mecro, B
tro 1971 r., rav 6r,u y6r\r 727 no",ruqeiicrinfi, ro oTHo0trre.rrBEbrxrluQpax ofia ,tr,rArrpyeT:Ea Ka)r{-
ecrb aa roA vyrs 6o.tee 70 qerosen. Ilpaoga, ripll- arrc 100 rucR,r r-opo;+iallflllrxo4ltrcfl 78 y6uficra
Bafl cMe pr Hoc r n c poglr n o ,rrrq o i i c x u x n o c ro fl H F o n ro4 (rpn'rclr na 60 npoueuroa crrr 56nficraa
pacrer, rr aa cJreAyrorque 20 rer (1971-{990 rr.) cBflsarrbrc ropron,reii uaprtoruriauu). Hrro-l4opn
rIpn rlcnoJ'Iqegirlrcnvxebnrrx o6qaagHocrei no- B groM cMhrcire agarllrreJrrrrro orcra",r -;rurur, 1lJ
ru6.lrr no.rrR 4 tr,rcaqrt aMepnr{aHcxrrx noluqeil- y6nrlcrB B roll Ha rialr{A6re 100 rrrcs'r xrure:reii.
cl{trx, B roM cucre B 1989 r.- 189 qe.noaefiu n Nluponoii peliop,qclrcH rto y6uiiorlaM cpeAr{
1990 r.- 119 qerosex. I4a arux ll19 nornbunx Iipynurrx ropo4oa (c sace"testreM cBr,Ime MaJ-
51 cral xepraoft npecrynnuxon, [prrMeEr{Btrrux ;rnoua xure.,reii) Hefiurayu (IOAP) - 65 y6uicu
oruecrpeJrBrroe opyxue, 42 qe,'roBena roru6nu s rta '|00 rtrca'L xnrc.rcii. r,Cepe6pnnan ue4R.rr,,r
lopoluro-TpaEcnoprrrbrx rrpoucrrrecrtlrrx. 7 .rc,'to- v l i artpa (l i rrrncr) - i l i rr o6pori ;rorrrrn,,
y Ja.r-
Beri - B aBtraftaracrpodrax, .rcrrepo y6r.rrn xo.rrog- raca (CIIIA) - 49 y6rriicrn. B qrrc.ro canu.r
HbrM opyr{ueM, vetrepo norn6nrr B pyxorrarxnbrx o[acHr,rx ropoAoB Bxo,Iar raxxre Evonoc-Aipec
cxBaTriax, cTonbr{o ffie )i}rep.{lr oT cepAeqHr,rx (,\prcarrrna). C an fl aS " ry (E paau.nrra),Mcxri ri o
rrprrcrytroB rr Tpo€ yTorryJtr.r. (MeH cuxa). Jl oc-A w 4xc.i ec (C IIA ).
Auepunancxne nonlrqeiicr,trreuitcror HaMrroro B Mocnse na 100 rrrcg.r Hacexcurrfle7r{eroAEo
6o.rr;nre upar lplrMeutrTr, opytfine. qe]r ux Korre- rpoucxoAl.rr 7 y6niicrr, a Jlearrurpa4e - 7,3 (gau-
lR n 6rrrureu CCCP. tr4norna ero, snpo.rev, o6o- E bre { 990 r.).
paqrrBacrcr rpare,qtreMn. Vro6u narivarr uyc- A6colnrsulr pefiopAcMerroM cpeg[ ropoAoB-
KyJrbr, Eer{oropbre tronnUei.ic(ue n CIIIA cralu (cpeAueBecoB) o ttrrcry y6niicrn aurercn, ove-
trpr.rMenflrr, aua6oluqecxue crepoufiBr. flo lrse- rugnd, Megerr,un (I{oryrrr6un), rge 6aaupyercx
EEIO pgAa SHCnepTOB, 3TO qpeBaTOHexiejraTeJrb- SHaMeHllTbri (MeAeJrr,uncnlrr"r(apreJlb) - lla$n-
ErtME cqBuraMu s nx ncuxnno.{Iono6grre ouace- oBEaE opraEtrBaqus, BaHuMaorqarcn npogaxet
HtrE troATBep4u.rHarryMeBuui.i plrvvaft, rtoropufi Eap(ortrnoB. Torr,xo sa [epB6re nBa Mecflqa
npot3orrren r Xsrocroso lurrar Texac) s 198'9 r. 1991 r.. s aroM ropoge 6rrnu y6uru 6o.rce rr,rcR-
Vlorpe6llnurnfi creporrAubre npenaparbl troJlrr- qu rIeJToBe(.
qerlcftnii lxecrBro Br,rcrpc"tan[ n yuop y6un ao- CaMr,re 6eeonacnbre cpeAn xpynueiirnux ropo-
Aure,'lE, IioropErfi npeB6rcl,r.{pa3pelxeEnyro B ro- AOB Mtrpa (c ffaceneEue csI,II]Ie 10 Mr{JrJrrro-
poAe cHopocTb. uon) - Italr,xyrra (1,1 y6uiicroa rra 100 rucgq
mureleft) u Ceyl (1,2 y6rlficrna).

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xasare XX Befia, cnyqunacb errle oAHa Mrrnrr- noru6ru 30 rreJroBeH.
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CIII4,{ou 6one.nurro4u tr B cpegEtreaeHa. Tan, Meqeno Err ogaoro aa6oleaaezs ocnoft.
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o6rrlso rom(o B trocnetrEei rpern XX sexa? EEorAa cy[oporir, ro.roBEas 6olt, 6o.rr, B cycra-
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6rr r aaca4e*. :rsra oe 95 go 100 upoqenrgn. Tesesue 6oJreaarr
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norrrrro Ee roJrbr{oor Clltr4fla, paxa u"'ru noao6- floueuy-ro aa6olesallr .irunb xK),qucpeAuero Boa-
aofi uepaocrn. I{ npocrofi fpuEn, secMorpfi Ea pacTa -neTtr, tro)Itu.]lbreJlro,ql' tr cTapnKn Ee 3a-
Bce ycrexu ueArqtrHbt,Ao ctrx nop ycneuno y6n- paxianucb.
Daer nro4eft. Itoueuno, Ee B TaKEx uacmra6ax, flepnan anugeuus aroil 6o.'reasnpaapaau.rracb
xax o 1918 r., fiorAa nan4eutrsBnpyca (ucuan- s Anfinu a {486 r, rr aa DETr HeAeirb Bhr3BaJra
xur y6ura Bo BoeMlrtrpe cnnme 20 MrrJrJrEoEoBorpoMnbre otrycror esug. Creqyrcrqan. n 1507 r.,
qsroBerq so Ece xe B orloctrTeJrbno <6larono- oxBarrrJla npexge Bcero Jlougon. Tpeu,n snuge-
ryrIEoM, 1984 r. rpunn yuec 680 rncgq xusHefi. uva, ry/ 1518 r., trporerarra crqe 6olee crpeun-
Ilpuveu ru6elt rpoaETn rpat(AanaM B6rcotropas- relr,no, reu trepBbre ABe. Ona pacnpocrpanu.qacl
BETtrxcrpau. Tax. arpyc rprtrna, orlocflmnilcfl ua acro Anrrnn, uuqogas Illor.'raHguro n I4p.lrau-
K paauoBnAsocru cfleKrrs Al. DocJ'ry,finloplq[- ,lrrIo. u for.UJla[o Hane Bo Opaaqurr. rleraepran
BtlrrleMrrfi (1529 r.) EaqaracB, r{an u npeAbray-
rqtre, B JloEAoEe. cEoBa oxBartrJra Asrruro 6ea
IIIorras1n[ n llpraugull, 3areM uosBn.racb B
t ff 6hr speAnoni['r ]Iptryn reoptrro: ria]i roltr,No qe-
fepuannn, Ilpyccun, Ilo.ltne, Jlurne u Poccur.
roaeqecTDo rIpE6ntrniaercn ri Eerioi ftp'lTnsecxofr Toqfie,
flaparlerpbr tolopoii cBq3alhr c coorsomesreM uer(nv Ilocle4nra anrrAeurrr <<aurruiiclioro nora) paa-
ftoltlqecrBotlI EacejleElt'l tr ypoBFcM TexEoJlottrqec(oro pa3finacb s liil r.. 6ura c.:ra6eenpeAHAyrqux r
paaBlTtra quasnnaaqu!. rlaqrnapr 6hrcrpo paBBsBarL- Barpouyna rnrIlr Arrluro. flepeuecenaoe aa6ole-
ct trpoqecc6t, cAepriurBaroslnc rio.ttrqecrBeEsbrii pocr Ea- BaEUe Ee IaBano trMMyHUTeTa,BhrSnOpOBeBInde
cerensa 3e!tJt!. }tr lpoqpccu Ee roJlbto cnltAeMrqec-
rlEe 6oreaEE, so u 6o,1naeutlrDa na|ia. B croxnirEDre uor;ru aaoonerr, u ao nropoft, u B rperufi pa3.
6etrcrrus. C rex nop aro aa6olenau[e 6orlme se lonsrn-
BeponrE _ o , c y q e c r B y e r cBo p r r , p r ,.r ,r :r cF o n o lte p - "rocr, u cefivac MoN{Ho Jttrrlr crpouTb AoraArirr p
EOCTE- COO A f i A ,B H B e A e t g a t n a DJiUI\' .r r i! tt, Ue lto r t!i,. ero rpnpoAe [5] .
Be lt oTf igr o r o i T ! o r I o J f l u Ea Ea 1 r u a y.6 o .r tu r 5 m . r cv
AJrttra qetrotr(n. B EaEeM cnyqao ary llrnBy onlcjlp.jq-
Cauunr crpauuHlur 6o.reannM[ B trpon.'rbre
0 T pE A -Q S r l T O p O r , C p e l l o T o p b t) i Dcp Be BcT Byto T r si+ ie - Beria IJtr Erpolu 6trirn xoJrepa tr vyua, Dnu,
Jt6le aaoorreBaErr. lerrnn ,rerovnoii u1:rrn r XIV sere u;t 100 l;t-

22
JnonoR ;liiITe.lcii ll;raecTltblvrofla cTparl DDporlbr B pe r I{ prcroB oro norol a r Tynnc (1270 r.).
rr J\;Jllr ono.ila x ]loril'ly 25 rltt.'t;trtltttrlll! i)ro i)unlerrna uynn 157[i r., ylrccuar] I lleucriuu
cBrr3trro c Tell, rtT() yScpeut,elt oT rl)-llLI Tp)'Aflee. ,-r0 rucnq tnlleii. cBeJra B MornL'ry 'I'rrqltarra
qerr or ..tro6oii ;lpytoii Iru{-'criqiioltlloii 6oJe3n[. BllocTe c cbruoM,oT iioToporo ou 3apa3xJcq, yxa-
ll;-la vylu,l B cpe,qllIIc Il€I{n BLI}Itrpfl.'ro rIHor/lil [inaarr 3a Hrr]r B leplrofi 6o.lersrr. (Dpanqyacnoro
:io no.roBI Ibl llace..loHlIt ptll(il eBporlellclillr rroara l'riiolra r\lo"'r.runepa y6u.n rpunl (nanne,
crpau. B cro,-tnqc Ancrptrtr Bt'ne ;1o oll\ rtop cro- 1rtl fl (rtcIa ti i t))). OT ro.]epbt yl ' rcp pl ccrrri i ri orr.
llT ( t l l I t I l O Il CT Oi III) - lIOIllIIellT. II OCTAIIJ eHII Lr l !r rorltrop llcrp rlaiiriorcriui.i (npanga, cyrqecrn5'er
B rrar{nrr, rtrulrcMlr[ ,ryrru 1(i7l) r" ,\ n 1989 i u( pc| | ,r. rrTo (,H .Japr3u.]ct cto 4o6pooo,rl H o).
rrynra .rrtrrtr' lllii iIin3IM Bo Boell llrll{} -\orcpa uory6rrra tro[pyry J-lenlrtra peBonroqrro-
-vEocJa rrcpriv lirreccv Apnaug. ?Iieprnauu rutfa craln
lle lrcrree lpoltitoii ;1,lit rt;ttuttr upt'1ntll 6arla
r olcpa. ll l)occittt. t t it t t lt t t t t c p. or \ oJ c pt , l F pyccrilr arirprca rrelroro firruo Bepa Xo"rognaa u
Itilff r. /t2 rl,tcrt'irt 'rc.'toncrl, I Itil]l t a:repurialcriuii nxcareJrL lllnon Pug,
-vlcp.'rtr ll iiopr,iir: c paJ.rrurllrbrrrrr
J 00 rrtcrr,r. u 'l82 ,7 r. " 1ii1r r br c a' I t t . r r 1848 r . - aa6o.reuarruaurrlo-
(i68 rLtcri,l. Llo lp,'l;t :)IIltllorIrIIr xo;replr t8!2 r., rrr,i .rc, rr, l ra.ro cal roorB ep,+ i el uH r apavci i , cra-
a a:narnnrn cii jru aIIIIre . r lr I J ' r o' t ac r r f epllanlu, Brrnurn\ Ha ce6e clrepre.nr,nootracurre otrrlrr,I.
t.o,'rr,r{oI r,;lrrurr f llr61'plt. ;n ; tIecflr\cB yrleprlr :\sr'.'rrriicnrri Bpatr A. yaiir, :re'rusrrrur:i 6oirr,-
i5 TFICflq .tO.t1rBt'li. lrrr B roclrrraJre 3.'rr, Xaloregu (Erlrner) n rra-
ll roJto l(rtbtf I(t:lt't lr illlI lnI I olo r lilc c olr bl\ c l' 1t ' p_ qale XIX Bcria, lrrr{epeuEo aapa:rr;r ce6a xy,lroii.
rcii cr a rrrrrttlr acr, rilri;rio lttrora lJ 13'1{l r'. olrrt Ou r;rn;r rnoi! nB tr{c,re36olerueii 6y5ounoff .ry-
\-jio(:,:ra!l uorrinl {i79i8 IIo;llIllIllll,Ir Poccnilctloii rroii;rierrrtudr,r n Brep cc6c B 6eI(po, a ua 4pyrofi
ll ]tTIeplrII, l r' rU , ,' l ' r' .r ]l a.r,Irc -- c,' l c.ri r.rcc6t. I]al l o3 aa
B noirq e llii,0 r lr. I ic t ' r lt r pt t r r a opr it l] ll3alI { I t l [prr;([.r{rrrLcn r] ec i} pauliy He}ioTopoeI{oJIIlqecI-
. r rp(rB ooxp aH0 tttttt (lt{ ) . ; ) r ' lio r ut t t t ' t i nor lnoii ao ruor. A ol l rup )' i l ar nrrra.rcn H ai i rn aaqury
o6tsrrna, rrro \o.'lcla tto6t:rri\cnit orioHrlare"rbno or qyrrru c troMol(bto nprrBrrBori- tro,qo6EoroMy,
lr 6ecrtonoporno. llo ttpottilo 11]la rora - Ir Ea riari 6rr,ra [aiiae]la 3arqura or ocuu. Oguano
iJenle ncrr,rxl-vrta nan[e!1rtl aroii 6ole;lu. rio- olbrr ero xoItqlr.rcl rreyAaquo.Ou ea6o.rel vylroii
Toparr r poro.rl?ria crc lt rr no cr:ii;1cnr,. i3a aro eperrrt rr fltr rocf,noii 1ell 6r,r;t nocraBireH B rocnlrralrb
r o,'Icpoii trcpc6o.-Ic,lo 6o.'Icc 'J rtlril.'lltl)Hol 'IoloBeE l.qr! lyuntrx s Poaette. 3[ecb os E cftoEqaJrcg
lr 100 rsrcl.r 11;turrx (rial1l;1srii IIBa/Irlarhlii) ]'Mel- 1l susapr 1802 r. n crrrr,Hoii ropn.{fte.
.'tlr. Fiottcc nccl-o ctpl'{aI{)T pa3EllllillolllnecA crPa- l {p,vl oi i npa.r. i )i i cei l uo B a.,t.' rn(1755-t816),
1 rr, t ,' l' o. r ,lio I iJa u6 ltt t r r r r r lr t ' t t pr r . t l' l1) 1) l r . or ri l i i ai e rl prrl uB a,rce6c.ryl ty, uo B bl S A opotcJr. E ro
r o. -repi.r I'itclr, rr {liiltt'. r ot t t ' t l. i ror' 5i rrr.-ra :l pl rurr rranacrl . B cenra6pe 16{6 r,
I l ri, r rr(c lrltraPrt 11 ) 1l1f . . ' t ( ' p. illn, l r ! ll1: l(] lnt l r)r rptro\a.1 rra li"r'6y rI 3anlr.rct rrtflcgerMeM
l o ,' T fl)t , t r!o tlllllli,'Irt tl .tlit r t lt r c t ; , , ii \ r t c pr r r l"- ll I lr ' " rilrr p.ul6r ;rir.;troil .rttropuXliu. tlro6rr troEfiTr'JIiaH
J l -v c tI]rdl)t lrr Itli)r ll' . I t r r r ) ( l) r llllllL. r r ' lll, lr lililr { _ IJirC!p00rll,lHrercI :rra 60"rcaBL,Ba;t;rr uage"'rna
1111';1;11 Ii ,.l Ll i o l t, uT i +(e.'rTOi i
i r ntu. vat,lp'ttt {:}rb lilif f 1' l' J iI lr t ' lo. l{ r ll( ' li li I t t i0' t r t 1-,'i r, ',tt, ]It('pl l l t
n i)rinit;1 rJrr')'lt0p .rII :l4 ii nr ' |. 1ot laliill I i, "iy uinr t .rrrxopaArix rrc.roacria.[i peayJbrarc SToro gepe3
3 0 ' rcroq itri. n tirr,'ur tr ( : c lo, ' t lt t I t L; t a ; ) lnc ii ( t t 30 ,lccRo.rLliolneli IJal;t]' ynep.
rrr, 2ir rrrorut) -- trtio.lo 1100 rJo.:loB.rIj ::ia rc ?li(' It nnps6o c;Ic,rroi i ;ruxopart;oi i or/l a;I cB oro
no.rlolit (c ;1trra6pr 4{}90 r' rro lrro,'rr' 1{}91 r') ',rirriI , rr )E1ono,'ror !;Hecc B. jlaceap (1866*
xoiropa J-ncc.'ra l' i\4rpxrie il4fili ;nu;]ncii 0pelu lll00). 13 cerrra5pr 19{J0r. ou AaiI yr{yctrrb ce6fl
narr6o.rreo[ocrlln](nBrJtIIr crpitn Auroltl. tjenrlr. ua;r.rilrriiiroltl rlorritpy (ar'rl rloATRep;riAeHIrg roro
irialr6rl, \,loaart6rrti. lltrteprta tr rIai1. (ranra.'rro Jiortapbl tlBJltlrorcrl pa3EocqllHaMu
lJctioropr,re lrll:lc\IIIIl. tloillla)?Iilr(),[io;JIIIIIialll troii 6o,rc;nr). Cltcprnocru or Manxpnn B To
r0 ltrle paapa6oT,ltlIioR 6 tt o.rtrrrlt't(lc Iiof( ) 1)pJ;tillrl Bporr cocran,rflta _or ll0 Ao 70 npoqeuron .:a6o-
l ' :| li. li,rflro ctlo ll.Lt tlr - ' lt t r , ' ni. r r I t t "ii t r ' r "r t ' t u JcBrlr[\. rtti qro .]lacelp IeJ tra rlpc3Br'lrlauEo
JIara.lt,n ilcrroB:l c,ritlat-r. ,rr.o
(i4 .tr_';rogeria.rrO- ol l cnr,ri i .,ri rfl opu]| oIrT.9epc.r nars A H ci i noc.' l c
rrirrrrrt' B Crepg.-rorcne (nr'rrrc llir;arepua6 y pr ) n l-rilca o1r [orryBcrBoBal ce6lt 6or]'s6lrl. floulnan,
arrpc.re 19?9 r.. crtlJll ;ticp'rnoii nr,16poca 6atrc-
yro ]loaier yMeperr,, .llaceap trepelall cBon SaIIrl-
prrii n loan;x lla o;1florI ll:, itocrII6Ix llocntrhlx crr Apyrolr] rpa.ry-6axrepuo;tory fiaieirucy Hap-
TC IIbICJIII
o6r,erirol. Orlnqtla"rrurtc opltnhr yrBopt{[anr. POJIY II AT{T{TOBAJI, trOKA XB TUJIO CIIJI'
.rro aro 6r,r.ra Bcnbilrlia ctr5upctioir t3Br,r' Ho rl ra6;rrc[ennn o ]fienroii JluxopaAl{e. Itoroprle Ee
tIuorllc o6cTotrTeJbcTBa ]-liarlbrllAloT ua .'r?riIrBocTL vcneJr 3allrcarr, caM. 25 ceHTfl6pFoH cttoEqarct.
rToro \':lEcpiI{ilcrIIIu. B rori,ta;1eo 6o;tertru n c]reprll Jlaceapa ]tappon
Jrrurcutt.recrittc 6o.ltt;ttttt ttl ulir][tlr iltl r0Hlr- rrca.l: <f rrlr{oraa rtc ta61'4y oaa6o'lenuoro
08. rrrr 3no;lcer. rlr Blccallol'. rttr ltolaprott opan- Br,rDalrierlltt rJIa3 Tflir{eJo 6o,'tt'noro HoJlnerrr' fi of -
r(\irctillii riop0,lt .][to]onttti l.{ noln6 or ri}'}rbl Bo lla ua rperllii rrrn .rcrseprltii I\eHb l Btlgen ero

23
B nocneaElrfrpa3. cyEopoFiHbreco}ipanlesnr [IIa- rEeE B rocnrraJrr. 9epea no,rropa roga Eaxor
Qpalilr,I Olia3bIBaJIlI'rITO npe,4CTOEJallpeCJo- uplrexal B Ernner, vro6rr BIecb tpoloJ;finrh
ByTarr ripoBaBafl pBoTa. u 6o.rrnoii Jsa,r crrr cBotl uccneXoBaurg. Barior It cro uoMotrlutrFi
c nrrrorrbr cirlrmfioi, xopoxlo...) [6] .\plipafrT rtrra.rru nolonbrrntrx sureii - trepenoc-
llepyaucnnii Bpaq AaEuatrb F{appuoa norr5 .runon rn$a co6creesuoii lipoBr,xlIr B riosqc rion-
B Boapacre 25.,rer, uayuan rari Ea3brBaettyoro- IIoB sapaamJnc6 cbrrrsflliorr. Apnpaiiry 1'4aaocu
psrrry opofis- 27 anrycra 1885 r. os cge.rra,rr ce6c Bbt;tiur6.a opralrrrit:rrEetiota c 6o,'rcJnbrose cnpa-
rrpr{BnBriy aroii 6o;rcasr. 9epe;r rpu HeAe.ru }' nu:tcs. 72 arpe.ra 1{)23 r. ou
"rrrep.
Hero roaBuJlucb flBEbto cnMtrToMbt.ra6o,rcgannn. LNepTL ilTirr .'rK,JeIl ocTaelctt Bncrl TJ flmrqrrN
Hecllorpn aa Bblcoriyn reMncparypy, I{appnon l l al l E Tnl l N ol r rre,roB C rrecl i r)f0,f,!'
. \pcaJLE brMno-
Ao caMoii cMepru.noc,leAoBaBnrerl 5 oxra6pa,na- ha:taTc.l hctB olToto.,nu t ue r.te60u r\J ubl l l ;+ i tIB
5;rrogan aa cBontt cocrognlretr n otrllcblaa.rlxol qe;1oae!i$t.
5o;reaun. Iopn.rxa opofrn c rer ttop Ea;brBaercl
6on e a ssn . [ t appr or r a.
Heueqxnfi rpa,r .ilunnenan s uro.re 1E111r.,
.rro6;r nponepurr, rBJ.fiercn nu ;apaaxoii nropan cuEPTboT ro,lofA rr .lt0,IoEIcTBo.
cranua cz$u.'ruca. B3EJIBLIAeJIeEua u3 ItnEAartrE
6onruoro, cAena.r y ce6a ua pyre rra,lpel rr BEeo
B Eero artr rbrAe.rennn. Yepea necriorrto ne4e.rr fo;ro.a-;ro se' rauri i rl nr .l e,toseqercrsa.l i a-
v tsero roaBg,llcb ctrllrroMbr rgxe.reiimcr o ;a6o- l i oi i B eH E rr B o.rbl rrt- urr!prr o,[na crnarrH crl
. re Ba EEfl.f lapu; r ic r an a H a tre M s fl .n o g n a 6 .rro tre - [p1'roii. Trinelr na,rrbqenB ]iapry ncropnn HaJrax.
ErreM lioToporr nporoAtrJr 3Tor i)KcnepnMeET.I 1833 eo1. L) Onn.rnHlurr or ro.roAa JnrcpJrr
,3ari.{nrrtrTc..r],ro]r ao(JraAe or 18 noa6pr 1851 r. 32 246 qerosen.
orueqarra: <3ro 6lriro 3peJrnqe. pa3pblBaroqee 1846 eol . B Il p;an;{ rrr H acr} l l u.:l rl K nurbr-
cepgqc. Ipegcrassre ce6e MoJronororr,'lrirrtrE"vc aaennii raprocfenrauii ro;tog: riaprurlre.:r lrrr e
IIOpasItTe.rISEO fipaCUBlrIM n oAyXOTBOpeHEhIll JE- no.ra 6unr.r tropatrieHbr6o.teaEr,rr.rr BccrJriapro-
qoM. Bcc re.ro Koroporo 6H;ro paateaeso {rare- $e,lr. r.ranuuii rrpol)'lir rrrrratrttE rrpilaEltleB.
IaEnrrecHIlMn tltaHKpaMtl it flBJlrr]lo uptr3HatiII uorn6 ua nopuro. fo;ro4 ttpoilo,'I?+iit,lcn Roce]Irr
rioEcrrrryqnoEaJlbeoroon$trnnca B elo caMori Ts- .l FT It ) E eC (,ri l | .l f, l t l .t.l ._l
l lu | l,I ;l i l l i l H ctl trol TTi
renoii $opue. 3ror noanii l{ypqnii * trpor BrJcq TpeTb Eaceilcsnfl cl.paflbl.
acolr npocl6alt ,rc,rr.rr6ct: oR xoro.| loBecrrr Crotr,ro ;ie * tttr,,rJrol ,rc,l()tscti - ttorrtS.tos
onblT ,{o KoEqa fl Ea ytrpeH, rlTo os [oTo]u, lto- Poccnn rra-;a roJojlnoro lropa lE{} I r. Iloc,re
xer 6strr, yuperl orBerIIJrcJIoBaMu:<rfelt ;ryume! ltplrro[a li s,racrrr i'ioJruicglliou. B l]{,;),rbrare
Moa clreprr Aoriat{er, arro yrrennc o cr$n;rnaa- ttx arpapH oi i uo.nrrrni tt.)cIf\ri .tcH H ,' i i :ral ttoi i . s
wu flBJtflerctryxiacnhln la6ryxleune:rr n npe- r0,r0E u(.1021- l l tl -.1rr. n I' ,' cctttt l nrcp.rtti )utt.r
. I OTBp a T UT HO B O O H0Cq a c T b e "Il, C .rrr rro Ia rro n o - .rnogoB 53 Tr,lcgrrn rrc,'roBcri (no ,laHrrr,r]r
ifiepTBoBaEle. Koraa MeA eEEarr rr yEiacnan C . H . l l porouonn,rl ). l hrrpori ctpi rtttut,tti to,tor.
cMepTL cTonT flepcA rJla3aMtr.rre flB"'rfleTcfl, Bo3- uacrrlnnri.i orpan,, nl)oritorue,rn 19liO-1[]31] rr.
BblmeEEbln. To B qeM tfie BoJBr,rueHaoc/) l l al l 6onl uce,rtrcro ." tn4ei i l ortt6.' to rti t Y ri partne.
Asrruqasun, Apryp Eaxor Ao 1ri .rcr 6rr,r lIo pa;arnt o(cHliarI, Ilr Iio.lll,lcclB(r ti0.le6.tetcs
npeyctreBaoq M xoMnepcaEroM. rpaB,aa l'BJe- or 3.5 A o 7 l tn;r.l ttorou ,tcrtosoti .Ii (i t:ecpnol t
xaroquuOa Jsrorrrorortreir.Ero pa6orrr no n;r.\qe- Ii l rrae s 19i f)-l {} fi l rr. or' ro.ro.l i i Jrtep.l rr rpn-
suttt unpa EaceKoMBrr6br.qa cronl nporfccclro- l repno l i O l rl .r.IroIrort,]t'.-toB eri .
sar6Ebr, qro Epurarcrar Honnccrr no 6opr6e c P l gou c r' o.roroN l' racro rr;| ' r .IroJocA C TB .r.
rryMori nonpocnra Blxota iaEnrbcg n;rl'qcHflert Ii ruegnnl c Ii . rl yri ottcti oto ectl , ,ti tttttct or 8 l rt-
vc.'ronnii cyrqccrBoBannn 6.'rox ( nepcnoc.rrnon uapn 1920 r'.. I'jtl IlpIrB();1tl'ro,t c,rtcAJ'Iort1rIri rlo-
,rylru). Eanor cor.rlaclr.{ct, criI.'r cop6cirHo uJ}'- H o,tor -\. l l . l ' opl ri oro: < ...' l 1H a' rIapcnrri i ] Jrar
.ratr 6rorornrc rr MeanqlrBy. nor'rvrrrir crcnclrb ori aJbtB aJ,ri Ia]r a IU ocri nc trtarILri ttIi ToB II apl rrua
rpoifeccopa. B 1920 r. Apri'p 6ltior orrrpaBr,r]cn cr,e.,tl . l l ape;a;rrr Jt cbe,t1.,i Irrtto pe:ra.rtt.I{axo-
n Bapmary A"rr'ruayqeHnfl Tari Ha3brBaeMoir no,rh- H eq oA I4EA OIaA a.tct:cl o 3a )Ioi l pcaaTl )trytxH o
crioi'r.ruxopaqnu (parnoruqnocrr, cnnnoro rurla). fl epepeaal t coun)' rc aprel nn - n cra.rn B apnrb:
i34ecr ou Artr [ayqeEnE 6o.;rernn nalrepenno ca- t)qesr annetnrno ,ill na'tapcntlii pacclia;]blrla,I
;lia.T Ea cBoe relo rmefi, aa6oJre.r n 6u;r nolrc-
** C rorrr txor1(r ortl cfl rrl . tl ro (l nrl onoi +i 0prl j oB aH na
* ApeREepqlrctinii repoii. ]ioropbrii, colJracso upe;la- !1l I\ i IIOl e!t H e pC 3y,rtbi A T B H fi j aIl H ol O Il Opbl A a. l i ah-
En(), 6poclrxcs co cBosM rioEeu B colrh'EyBuryrocEEalt oro 6l rsaer B cri crD cl l a"!bFbIr crl ryal l ut]i (sanpxrrel , H a
r{u\r pacmeJrny, ero6u lurrocrururr 6oros n cnactn B ofi E e). a n.rol r .i o,nrgx parl yrl l l i i . no6era l yrosuoi i
c)tqgocrrr !re.roB cfi a gaa 6uo;rorl t'rcctr'tt.

:l
Co clrarorr. A nor n npour,rroltroAy Mytfi BapeBax Cnonr gereii cteJlu - Bafl,rrrrcb3a qvr{irrr.
;.Herry.rro rr roHrruarc. fluvroeo-tererparlnltir ttr- fprtuurl ' r .i x1-l pssl tq -,1o,tl l r.t
Io ce,' y c cyl l oi , no-
HosHrrii. Orrrr otrrlrrL vrrrrLre. loutoeo-te.rerpar[- rporrraiiuuval. Crapax Tyrvlsxa - uarr Hnnnrsr
H6I e qI I H O R I I U I i l r . / r r OIa Xlr ,r C He ]O. r IA n flT b tI1 3arrrHrl,rraero fle;1eHqoM.flepecrynur tropor, a
cr,el.- fl. roBopnr. AaBHo/lyMaJIo ro\r. rrro y lroe {Jrraero rollopoM, A;r*eqa Hnnurrr @pocuua nu-
reJro lloJririHo5r,rrr, o.reur, Br{vcEoe- }'1apr.'t lo qero rlllo ro .'troAoeAcrBoqe Bsara. Pa6ora.na I
rorroBe- Jr orl)clillr liycoqeri.- fi.:r on ee ne1e.lro, fr)pl);{e.Aorloii ua BbItaoAubre trp(xoArrr. a lcrorleri
ir Ito 'l '{)v- r t at t ax .\ f r c o c rl i to tto p rttra c l . L )o c e ;r t Il t,1'
It pl! llt . rlt . H ( ) I r i l l | I , t o Jt]tI r i( xtT It llil llo p q e tlfi{ , (lnpartttllaer crapyrc. A ra. tseAbMa, eu:
-\ lt l c ( ) ). r,l rrep:ru!> Marr, fi ne.r[. a rarl a ropu]ie -
ll pa6orcIl. \rrngpocr (,(l\rcprnr,ro .rucru,r[7] :trircrian p)'qria.,. Epocnlact N coceAl:, Tor-B
rrptllrol(rr1 c,l rqr'. rr,rii pa 1 cll)il lrrirrix Aoti-\'.-rterrra.rt L- ca.rr,coBer.6a6la c roprutiott rt ripoirhqarflr.Itiy.
rrL r\ cu u: l{ , r 0, ' r Lc lnr ' { r.rr),Ltti i r t } ' ri p a ru r,, n ' ta c r' - -[tr cc u cJiBarrr,lrr.
Ilprreaaaln Ii rionro rr... Bo-
lr,'('r tt. S t nl t r ' r ilt r r ' - | i r' rrrrr .r.rl rtr| ' e iJrIi T o a r' p J i +i .r{riou tro ceily. B Bnunuqe -- cecrDa Poua-
liru o ri o l o c o( " r ' olllllr r ri r l 1 )l l i i r' . u a c u e p rrl (-l o- rr" ul ,r l l acrn cte.ta 4-;retaero 6pl ta...
c0 Hcr{o r oc e. r r r I r i, } r r()l o n e r;,iBn n rttq n o ro p a i i o E n ti rrrl rr:o \l apl a A ,reri ccessa.l 9l 9 r. po;r:c-
Bn n n rq t . lr il , , i, : ir r ' r il. l l ,r ra rIIc l l 3 a a i i -- n r.rH r. tl tl :
1 9 i l l i l o 1; r . - B ceute Eac 6rtJo ceuepo. fltoe yuep.ru.
al) rpuetl:t.+. Craurro j{aulro Maprnnosuv. l;il6yuna yllepla. Cecrpa Bce .rre?fia,:ra, Ee Mor,'ra
a i r. i l plor ir nl**. \ ' fi l ,.. rrj rF Hrp ri ri . n p ttru u a roAurr,, A fl xoAtrna e lo.Te. Br,rparalu EaM rlep-
|rl cl l Trr - . B r A f o" r r oal ' 0 . H bl i i . K a[i reu,rs. x:re6. fl ero rpuananeal a aa
<,11rpuatLtt 1933 p. Pouarer.h'o flniB leBrioB. cruue, rro6r,r pyxoii Ee MolJra AocraTr,.
e i r; i l 1' . . \ ' r ip. ' r ' 1, . 1u p ri ,ri . [l n rre p Bi :t ro ,Io ,f]' ' . ,{e4, oreq trvxJrrrc roro{y. Hanporun uamero
1 l qepanu***. P o l ra s e s ri o ' fo g o c ri a M n ru l - xoua 6lr,'r por. r{ro sx AeE6 B EeM - soBr,retro-
t i ssa . gir i - t i ponin, a a q .- y rp a i a ra . Xro y .n - riorrEtrRl, IiorAa ABa, KorAa TpII.
pnrrae -- 6arr,ro, perrecrBo- x.ri6opo6...trpzqrrEa O Povaueqfio Mtnure. ftro ero Bsaer, cno"-r6-
crrepri: ecrarrr.rr,rerto c/p ra lti.riqienr. qo 6artria no oEx cGe.rx .rroxefi. Bpoqxr Aerr,r tro ce.lly, trpo-
3 u p l r.rn u r r ' iu ( lr o r)T e Il B a p e ta r I c r]e .rl .- car r.le6ymHa, a osrr 3aManrlBaror.Ero aa6paln...
, {..'7 .),r. ru poAtre.ru-nroAoeAhr ocraJruc;, Mu enn Hnaceq
r,Po :uas os lol' r r nH aN l rH u ro s a a , a i ri - i l p o n u . aopo6uarrii. pa3ur,1eKopsul qBer axaqrrrr! rlany-
t rp l tL l u r i c nepr i . . r a p i rra 6 a rrl o g .ri r i x i (;rl - \u...))
p e ,ra .ro lr q A . lH elbr . A. J l .) t. I4asecrso, rro n Jleuunrpa4e no rpelra 6.rio-
u l l a xlper r r . r l' pulop i i i T u u ri r-ru .e i l - 7 p o n i r, xaas 1941-1943 rr. 6srnn ciryqau noeAarirr.f,
lrp , rsJ c i\ r ol, T: i : r api .ri ru t,. t ru 4 rri tro rra . rpytroB. OsepeqEoii roJoA. cryvuaurziica o CCCP
,{aine cenperapu rrecrEr,rr orle.rreulrii xoltnap- rrocJe Bropoii unporor'i eoiinr,r. trpnBe.r r{ EoBhrrI
T!rrr Ee BHxep,xIlBaJlt rI flrlcanll IlIIcbMa Eaqai1rr- c.ryqasM JrroAoeAcrBa. Il 1946 r., Bo BpeMs roiro-
crBy tro rroBoA\:rpotrcro;lrlBuero: r,...0uepruocrl, .ln ra )'riparre. ll. C. Xpyueay. soroptrii rorga
L)r T ' Jt i'flrI|t|,r ltrip ir . t ll. lc c nBLt it \ upt t iTPp. . . 6u.r repnsru cexperapen {}i Houlaprun Vnpau-
l'lcrr, c.lt,qlrr. rior';lil rio.troJrrl{ft rr,r\oAItr B troJItl ulr. coo6qllln. qro galr,rtlr toJroBy u crynnu qe-
ul pa6ory. Tillr ,ro;i{Ilt'cr{ n vu paer). B 4pyron ,IoBeqecnllx Hor troA nocrrll{oM B He6oJIllItoMro-
llrror,[re rlepBr.rii c0Trpcraprr Bltunlrqrioro o6nolla poAne olioxo Huesal cano ?ero tleroBexa no lno
B. tr'1. rltpnrrcrurii lrrr rrercenpcrapnqHltII(5)]' n nuqy. O Apyron cTparrrHolrcJlyirae paccKa3air
C. B. lirxrrop\': <1| rrocregueeBpenF yBe"rnqtr- Xpyqeny cefiperapr Oteccnoro o6Houa I{[CC
.'rocLqtlc.rlo(f\r(,l)r'pirrr tte [pcHpalqalorca tlaHTbr .\. [4. H pn.reaxo. < E ro l purl acrr.tE 3ai i Tfi ri ]i a-
.uriAoeAcrBarr llllloojlcrlrr. B uenotopux nau6o- riou-lo fio,rlxoSErrqe,u sacTaJ]oH ?aM yxiacsyK)
J c e llO pallie HrILl\ l()ll 0lliu c eI |lI c ?f ieAgeBE0 AO riapTlrHy.3ra E(eEq[Ea lla cToire paspe3aJraTpyn
1lll c,r1' .1 11 'scrrol)1 It...t cnoero pe6eala, Ee To ItaISrrIRa, Ee To AeBoTIHII.
li. \rur1poc. tr(,irnB:lBtrrlrii B CocoErie. trpltBo- I1 npnrotapnrara: r,Bor N{aneqnl, }rbr c6elln, a
xIlT B{)CI1OtutlIIiItIurl\'rlr..r{'!lllltIX ce.'ltqaE: T|lleprJ |'aEeqti\r saco.rulr. If Eau IBaTItT sa lia-
(L;ii6trruio Hrrrurrl 'f,rgrrponEu. rio.'tr o3EII rlu. ri or,-ro apenri> [8].
1!i07 r. polri,lcnrrl: .ilrogoegcrno cyrqecrBoBlJro r lialrnylnn ro
- Polraserrro IInHurl * Eilru coceA. Xara ux BpeM.slpaairelnfi (Rpacuhr\ ri\]repoB), E. IIap-
crilrrr rr tro ceir 4ear. Cau - ,rrcgoep I poAtrTeiin HoB B tillltre <Boceur, cropou cBeraD numer:
efo - ..InAoelLr. r,Bsernaucxnri trficare:lL. paCoraruruii EaA (bff"'rb-
ltolr o IIpecTytrJIeHrutro.]flotoBlleB,pacc]iaSaJI MEe
* \lafl (uhp.). o ;{{eHrqtrEe, y rioToporr c6e.Trr - cTpamso [atlle
** Bo3pacr 42 ro.ta ( s hp. ) . trtrcarl raHoe cJroBo- rraJeEblivro goul. O6esy-
*** llrJaa ( MeB or rops, oua 6pocu.,racr ri r.'raBapro6asgEr.
ltttp.),
- Onn rpocro extr tt-aco.- -ri.1a;luolipoBuo. (lJ nycrbrEe, liortra Her BoAbr. ?IillAliocrrr. ll3-
r.'r]-vrcb. o6r'scnrr.r oE. [petr{Ae sert i'i(ap rb pacxoAoBaEHyro opfasn3rloll B BIrIe rlora. Ilcqetl
na.rxoii uo roJoBo.- Ilostrltaerrl? Mltco! .,\ tlr liolrtueucnpoBaTr,. upranIISM rlpIlIIlIrlaeTct 3a cBotr
lror.ra ilirr Bbrpacrnrr' 4o,ttty u uoxupueii,r. Brryrpenrrfe pe3epBbr, 14 a1ecL a [cpB-r-IooYcpelh
Haure <rporpeccuBsoe) BpeMfl trporpecclrBuo rrJrarnr Aarrh ripoBeuocual crrcrerla. Ilprl oSetro-
u:5upare.,rr,uo. I{eruii p.ag perl{oItoB seMnoto x Basu[ s 10-11 npoqeltroB or Beca re,JraIrJIa3-
urapa, u 6olee rcero A{puxa, rextlt sHe o6rac- Ma HpoBrr repqer B 2,7 paza 6onrure xngrioctlt'
rrr 3Tofo carrroro trporpecca. 2400 nalopllii - cy- qeM Becr, opfaEIrSM B IIeJOM. flOSrrUraercs lsa-
Toqllatr EopMa Irrrlautfff , troAAep]I{uBaIoIqaE3AO- KOCTLKpOBtr,yBe,IIlqIIBaeTCF IiO.rIuqecTBO 9pIITpO-
poBhe qeJIoBeKa.Ec:ru oprauuau tro,Jryqaer MeHI'- IITIToBn reMorJo6una. IIpu o6earotxtnanutr, co-
ure aroii EopM6r, BoaErlr{aror 6o;reeneuutre npo- cfaBJrnrcnleM4-5 npoqcnron or Haqa"lbHoroBeca
qecchr, nptrBoAflulrre B KoHearEoMcqete x ru6elu. leJla' qyBCTByeTCsCuIIruatr 7I{amla' geAolt0ra-
Meqee 2400 raropuii o 4eur, rorpe6:raror coruu HUe, yqaqaeTctl nl'.rlbc, nosBir-sercfi colrJllrBocrb,
uuJrJruonoB xrreneft crpau aceft l-\earpa;rr,noii BflJrocrh,rrrroraa rolrrlrora. 6-8 npoqeurol ao[o-
Aippunu, Ha a{puxaucnou r(oHTIrEeEre IrocroflE- trorepB conpoBolr{Aarotcnto;rogsoii 6ottln, ro;ro-
Ho roiloilalor 6o.nee 29 MnJr"-rlronoBqe;roten. flo Boxpylr{enueMjoqttrrrtioii. fo"'toc ctasogntcn cun*
nanuulr IOHtr4CE@ (rioropue, nparlAa, oc[aptr- Jr6rM, 3aTpyAH'lCTCEperII], rrOgB.rrflroTcalrypalIIl(rr
Barlr crreqaatucgr), exe4ueeuo or seaoe,(artrls B I{ oE e' l nocrfl \. l Ioro,qna crarrogurcn ruarti ui i .
u Eerocrarxa lreguquucnoft lolrotqr rnSuer ono- l ' ,c,ru 4ertl 4pl -
npeK paul aerca ci rtn| | {)orA P Jel rtl e.
no 10 rucss aifpuxaucnux 4ereii, na sux 1ir00 - raqug [o6ersol ]i rrnuttttolnpo:,o" ' txcer I' IapacfarL.
B 36trotrtru. Caltre crpagaroqtre crparrbl - 3{no- nce sg.'refirrn6ucrpo nporpeccupynr. It IIIru npu-
nux, Cyqarr, Moaan6nx lt Aurona. Bo lpelrn re- coeatrEfiIorcs r"]rJ'xoril.3arpy.{Ee}rEoe rJIoTaEue.
nunoro roJroAa1984-1985 rf. yMepnII 250 rncsq yxyguraercr{ speuue. 9elooex enagaer a 6ecco-
cy4auqeB n MtrJrJruoE xure;reft S$uonnu. SHaTeJrbEOe cocroalrlle r, ecr ne nprlxoAllT no-
B 1988 r. or ro.rroaaBo BpeME soefisux leircr- uotqr,, ru6set ot r.rv6onux, ueo6paruurrx paccr-
suft sa rore Cy4aua, lo Eel(oropnrn oqeuriar{, no- poiicro qeurput,ttoii rrepluoii cllcrelrr,r> [9].
rn6trr eqe 250 rrrcss qeJIoBeK.
B 1991 r. B ortrx crpanax us-sa Eeypo?(aa
nporno3trpoBanacr rn6err 16 Mur;ruonos qe,ro-
ren. flpanga, x aruu qn$par'l cneAyer oruocnrb- C}IEPTI' IiT'I{IItsOTHbIX.
cF c ocropor(Hocrrro. B 1982 r. TptrAqars Jlaypea-
ros Ho6ereocnoii npeMtru B6rnycrrrrr o6paqenue,
B noTopoM cpeEn trpoqero foBoplrnocb. qTo or lo- Xor[ ,]eiroseri cqtrTaer ce6a qaper{ np[poAbl,
noga n 6oneaxefr, cBE3aHHrrx c ro"rloAoM,Ba ro.x gpyrue }Joxr,u rrlpu ropoii ue 6er ycrexa ocua-
noru6aer 50 lrnn;ruouon qeroBer{. OrHarto s prrBalorJTo nuenue. Etqe B trpou,,'rortBefieclreprr,
1982 r, o6qas crlepruocrr' qa 3eure cocraB.'Ir.'la or ](rrBorqbrx 6HJra noso"'rr,HoMaccoBI'rMtBileglt-
48 Mnnrnosos qeroBeri. 3ro, noneruo. ue rrra- eu - uo xpaiiaeft uepe, e Poccnu. Tari. c 1870
qtrT, qro npo6nelra rono4a -Ayrar. Crpamuo, ro 1887 r. B Ea[rei crpaue 6n;rr,rBaeAesLIBBepfl-
xorEa oT tonoEa yMtrpaeT Aarfie oAuE qeroBeK. ut !246 areroBex.Ho u ccrogun B Hel{oropr'Iri
O4raxo 6onsmuMn RpyrJrlrMu qnSpaun oueur peruoHax Mupa Jrrc[flM trpl|xoAnTcfl oflacarhcE
3AMAFItrBO OIIepUpOBaTb:OEA MTHOBeHHOnopa- gurux anepeii. Cxaxen, a tr4u4nn c 1Q87 ro
tfiaror coaEaErre. Ilpaaga, s[ecb ecrr, tr cBoe 1990 r. 30 velorer ]noru6lr, lo;IBeprrulrcl Eatra-
(EoD - x 6olrmzu qurppau .nrogn trplrBbrriarcr geulrn 6enrarrcHui rurpor *. B 1970-x rr. rur-
cJlurnfiou 6ucrpo u aaqacryo oryqanrcfl Bulerl plr-nroAoeAlr slrprreanu oxo.no 40 qeroBer B roA.
Ba suMu pea,llhshle MyrleEug rr cJthrrrrarb lipuN o A g ua.rale reHa qnifprr 6r,rnu erqe crpallrHee.
troMoqn. B 1907 r. ornoBsnm flmuu l{op6er r parione
l{aunorara 3acrpeJrrir rrrrpuqy, Koropafi oAHa
3arp*bra.[a 436 qe;roeeH!
AO eAaArrero BpeMeEII ciIIITaJroc6,qTo ,TI()-
CIIEPTh OT ?I{A'I{NbI. AOeAaMItCTaTIOB'rTCtr TO,n6I{O Te 3IrCpU,r(oTopt'l{l

* CToDr orMerlr6, qro 6earairr,cxri Ttrrp Banaliirr


laftafl cMepTbEtrqerr Ee .'rj:qtnecMepTnor ro- l'a qeJloBeria rojlBIto csanrr, ucuo!J6ItagcL ga 0Tou rril
.'roAa, troxaryfi, 4axe 6o.ree rryvnre.ltua. Ona orloAeE tI, TeM,l{To ornpaBtEcrcs ts rnrpoBHe 3anoBe;l
trof,cr€peraeT rJpelfiac Bcprr,,rlo,tel. coBpntuarc- rlnfiIl, rJblJlopliAol{elAoBalro trpltripbtBaT6 3aTLrJl'ti \1:r(
qIIrI trepexoAbl tro trycrbrseJ il rarii+ie Eoii. trJo6patfiarcqeiqenoBeqec(oernqo. llu otun .r' r,,
-thj-tr'ii. so- ae!i. c.texaBmlii BTo. sc nocrDa.fa.-r. A re 3 t. qrc, n0
ralleBrrrf,x nopa6nerpymeurre. Ror xan turrs- aB'lJn. IIona:1en.]nc6 ne Fa \rc(ri]''. a ga ql.rtrl, L1al8es
;i iii : : i-; lI l { C H O e O U UCa q Ue T a l,u [ .:\r t]r i: :_ i l aU .!\' !aJ U Its Il l ;!i .;- l :l .Li i !i l .
- r \I\,_l r T O3
II3.AA 6OJIEBEII,CTAPOCTEtrJTE YBEqb' EE MOTYT o3naqaer,qro rbr cMo?pnrn6B nuqo cueprr. IIpo-
oxorrr?bcfl Ha xtrBorH6Ix. Ho uccnegouauur, npo- Sauy lonamercn, nro oE eqe Moxer tolpo6o-
BeAerlr{rre Nlextgynapo4nrru 6oH[oM oxpaslr Eu- BaTs rlapaxrryTbcfl B cToposy rrJru BcruHylB ra-
Itax x{trBoTHbrx, Ilofia3ailIr] qro Tnrpbl HatraAaIoT pa6nn. Cnunrxou loa4uo! Araxyroqae r(our(a
sa qenoBe(a e tlo rrptltltlue rolo4a. trlx tolraet trphrTnnoM tronpBrBaeTtrrTEaAqaTbMeTpoBE IIep-
rra 3To 7r{a}r(Aa,(oTopyro B6ISbIBaIO1A OpraEn3Me Byn cer{yu[y, Ecnn srr croure B utrtr ue"pax,
xntqqufia xI{l{INecfiIIe npoqccc[r. ec.rlu oE rlatrb' efi nonago6zrcn Ea aro rperb cenyr4u. Egaa
ercfl coJtonoBarori nogu. 9elloeeri me (xopoflll> xBarnr BpeMeEE na agox!rl[10].
TeM, rrro eto Mtrrxlte TriaHlr olia3blBalor Roppefi- llanrepa, neouapA,rryap, secMo?pfrEa peuy-
rupyronlee geficrnue, cuoco6cruya trperipanleHtrro TAIIUrc }I{ECTOKIIX XUI(EtrI(OB.- ATO BCEIO JINIIIB
xaxau. C 1980-x rr'. n I'lunttu npaxrlrl{yercn ruralrrcRlle l{or.sra n3 ceMefictBaI{oruarlBtrx- c
coopyrxeHne 6o.nrurnx peJelJByapoBc rlurr'egoii nx urprrBocrbro u norpe6nocuror.racne. Bor uo-
soAoii s recax, r,qe cry.Iarorcrl EatraAeglta rtrr- qeMy EepeAKoEaxo[flTcs x(sralt)Iqtle Aepr{aTb
poB Ha nroAefi. ux AoMa. Onuaxo rrogn oru BecbMa ptrcfiylor.
Hepegxo qeroBefi cau trAer HaBcrperly onac- B touqe 1930-x rr. a l{a.lrxyrre y qeru trorrtu-
HOCTIT - DTO trpexiAe BCerOoTHocllTctr x oxoTBu- Jlhrx anrJnqau qepnafl uaarepa. Xorn
xaM Ha Arrxr{\ auepeii, Paeyueercs, crpeJrltoBoe 'Hllna chrrso, B ognr yxacntrft
r(opMunuee Aocraroquo
opyxtre [aer qenoaerty {aaTacruqecttoe trpetrMy- AeEboEa BarphranacBonx xosl€l. B CCCP xepr-
rxe/irBo n('pc.13BepeM,uo IlHoIIa Ee noMoraeT I{ sori cBoero yBneqeEss craJla cevbr Bep6eporux
|| opytrirc. UEo Motfier orKaaarb unn AporEyrb B ne Bary. B 1980 r. trx o[oMamnsnEui lea rqpyr
p1 ne...'A lipoMe roro, Hexoroplre n;reueua Aifpu- acnoMEtrJrtrpo cBou trpupoAEhreIIEcTtrsl(TLI!
.- liu ao cllx Ilop oxoTgTcg Ea JIBBoBc I]oMOqLIO... 3arpbr3[Byx qJreHoB ceMbtr.Asanornqtrhrfionysai
nonr,s. Tan nocrytrelor, uanptrMep, Macarl. EAII- npon3omencnycrn l0 rer s I,Irarur. B 4exa6pe
uo6opcrro co JTtBoM cvuraercl y arofr Eapognocrtf 1990 r. oguu xrre;rr, Heanonff trocrpaAaJror
strcueli rollrrcttoti ,{o6:recrlo. Oxora oegercn ne neotrapAa,ftoroporo [epx(an y ee6a goua. Paett-
Ha BCSI(OIO JlbBa, a TOJIr,I{O Ea Tex, fiTo y6[BaeTpeuuut seM-To 3Bepr, oarpBrs xogffnua tr BErc-
6yiino,roo. racxaer oapanoa trJlu Ilyraer noAefr. r{orruJrHa ynuqy. Tau ero BEEMaHtre trptrBJrenna
Eesxa,rocrnag crartrcrufia roBopnr, qro B ucro- Batraxu ntrqqeputr, tr BEepba6exa.n ryga, lpure-
plln Macarr qeroBeft BbrxoAEr tro6eAuTeneMB eAu- Afl B rtron aJraAenbqa3aBeAenuru nocernteaefi,
nobopcrre co JlbBoM JrtrIxb B oAltoM cJryqae u3 Ilpu6wnneft Bcr(ope tronnqntr yAanocb BrrlEar!
rpex. Ocranrrrre ABa noEqaJrllct, r(a( [paBnJIo, JreotrapAatr3 trtrqqepnu c noMoqblo cJreSoroqEBG.
ruoenlro oxorHuxa. ro raaa, a sareM aBepb6rr:r aacrpelex, B cggaz c
IIo creneuu oracgocru Axfl qeroBeKa pgAoM aruM cryrraeu uralrbrEcr(oe orAeJr€EneBceurp*
co JrbBolr cneAy€T troclaBnTh neonapAa. UAIIH II3 noro ipouga no aaqure gunnx murornux o6pa-
npepcrarurereii aroro ceuefictga fiollaqrtrx BTuJrocbn napnauelTy crpaElr c upocb6oft ycno.
cepeAuue 1960-x rr. yuec B a6uccuHcline ,&ltynt- ptrrb trptrEsTtresaKoHa,satrpeqaroqero AepxalD
NH d MflAAEEqEB, II ATO JItrIIIb MAJIAfi TOJIEKA ETO loMa otracEhlxauKI,IxrI{trBoTEhIx,
notrButoB. B Anr.nua secsot 1991 r. Aeno Eo AomJIoAo
flpe4crae,rnnr otracHocrBAnn qenoBeliau AU- cueproy6rficrna. Ho ua-aa roro, rrro co6afia tro-
ritre cJronbr. B ltenru, HanptrMep, 5 Aexa6ps pogrr nnr-6y:rs EanecJrapan6r B-nernefi gerou-
1990 r. pasoapeaulrli cron 3arotrTaJl HacMeprb Ke, rrpaBnTeJrbcTBo trpuE Jro pemoE e o aanpeqs-
Tpex qe.'roBeI(. utrtr coAep?t{arr,u pasBoAurbary nopoAy B cTpa-
Cpe4u xnaorrnx-y6uiiq ect cBon peKopAcMe- E e .
srr. Maiicnoii noqrn 1926 r. oroHrlrJracb lloroutr Or orepefi Moryr trocrpaga?btr re, firo car'
npo{eccu oua:rr,uoro oxorultra fixtuua Hop6era 3aE C EtrMtr trO pOAy AetTenbHOCTtr - qtrpftOB6re
ra nnguficxoi nanrepofr ua Pynpanaaara. Oua ApeccqpoBqurur, pa6orxuxn aootrapftoB, oxot-
6lr.ra gncrexteua u y6ura. ,(yuaerca, B nausoM snqrnx xoasficrg...B ceurn6pe {991 roga <I{o-
ciryrrae He ctalu 6rr trporecroBarb Aaxe caubre aecruxl coo6quntr o rou, qro B qyBarlcfioM tro-
{anaruuur,re v;rexrr obulectaa gaIqurLI )*uBo"- cenxe Bypnaprr trEf,Eoro qe,rroBona aaApan u6A-
Ebrx, n6o naHTepa 3Ta BarpHsna Ao cMeprtr Be[r,, (9ToT xoconauuft,-nnmeT r{OppeCtroEAOEt
13 0 q e ro n en. fa3eTbI.- colepx(aJrcfi Ea oxorguqtefr acnxta.
<flanrepe MoJrBa trpt,tflrrc;rBaer xapanTep re;nnofr cranqnu. lI pa6oranlr c HtlM BotrcrEsy
croJrB ?fie MpasHbrfr, qro u ee oEexAa,- paccHa- 3BepcKEM sa qetrb, tlptr.
ctroco6ou: trpuBashrBaJltr
auaaer {pauqyac(nii aro:ror M. Keftr.- {eficr- 9Ty qenb I| AJIUEE0My
KpetrJrflJru Tpocy tr Bhltryc-
BUTerbHOtEpaB y See troA cTarb guno:ncxofi HaJrtrEa Bbrryrbsyn nJrorqaAxy.Iposnufr anepr
,rnrnue. Ovyrnrrcn Hoc r( nocy c repxofi nanre- Ea qentr; a oxorEEnExpa6po pa3BtrBaJIE uEcTEEr(-
poft, uarororuarueficff ft nphrr(Ky - yrrJE nptr'Ita- rrr co6an u AeuorcrpupoBaJrn trooAaJrr cBon
TBr, rracTL c ?opqaqtrMtr NJrErKaMtrpacuaxEyTa,- yganr. Herpesrui Bacnnrea cBoE Bosuo,trrocr!

t',
repeoqeEtrJ - trOJOtnCJ Ii llnulrie cJn[IHoM 6nII3- ToB 3anperqaTb 3rl' onepaqltn Ha cBoell reppll-
l i o- T oT c\Barlr.r cf.) 3 n p\ ' 6alllI iY 11 11oBo10[ i R TarpIIII.

ri . ' rerril. .]tltp ('\le.rlI Bblc r pellhl. 6r ' r ' t lr c lYt t lenlt Il Ilralnu lpepblBas]le 6epelrenuocrll palpe-
co6anu. o uelBelIL. BIrAltMo, IlclloNrHll.'t Bce Hil lreEo ro.'Ibtio B TerreHrle90 4uet:i loc;te 3arIarlrtl.
seceEsbre crIJ' rrhqgblrI .trorou o6uAr,r. Bce aa- l l u ocre,tcH uu f,Turo cpoti a a,i opr parpeuta,' rcrr
laltertitl o6pa- 'loilllio B cJyqae. Nolxa 6epeltenaocrs trpeAcrau-
rioH.IrriIocb rpattrqecxtl ..) Alrop
rua,r oco6oe t nnrraHuc Ita roJ qro soeprr ue ,rtto6Rr .'rfler yrpo3y A.rIfli*in;rIrlIuarepu. B Be;rnno6plrra-
rLlEr,li 11 [pu cJysae c ogno6.reguelt Eara,qalor unn a6opr pa3perueso npo[3BoAIITL B TerteIIIiri
rl oi tt l t ti tt oB frH l {r 6el ttl l tr'Ittto
rIuet]IIo Ila qe.qoBelil B0 xMeJ(). 7 nel el t c Irol tcIITi t
c'l II.
B Iianaqe n 19itll r, parpa3u.Ictr cl{il[[r'rl u
crlru c cy;1e6altlt cflopoll rtr';tt,Iv rlrnrt.'t .'(cii,'l-
cllEPTb /IO PorfillEtlllf . ;ti.rul.21 ro;1a,n cc 6ttBttttllt .',,q611111I111;1111 ).r-.'tl't-
l rl rt facu I' peu6i trr. Ora xol t' l a t,1r' tl trl , l 6ttpr.
r)H clpoMllxcrl Bocllll{'lIHTcl'l!(}Itil'rl, ;)1r,ll\'. t,\'/1
L3 Coexnnennux lllraras e;ricro;1tloxetaelcE IIU;tlteii lIIIclirHtlIttI utJrlec l)cllletllt(' ll llo.rl!3\'
Iprr]nepHo l(i[J0 r'ucrrr r6op'ron,llrt 3il pr)lltrtlo3- 'l 'p e l t 6 . 't t t . , l {e . 'l r ; 1 t , t t t . t o ; 1 i t I l t '1 l x o t t t t , t , , c r ; 1 r t l i i t -
HO-M O paJ I I T H L X I i l C I l 0 l i l oB t6 o p r lt 6 u t' t Ir . llif il, ltlill) - u u x t t . l l o l t p e i t i [ {, 'l l t t t l i l t i l . - t t t c I J c J ! l l l i l l l l l , l c r r l
aann Bep:ittnur,trrc5';1orrCIIIA Torrllio s 11l7il r.' p o H . l t j {I r o r i a r ; {t i i : t i t : t t t r t l t B I I . 'I . r t r o o I o l i . l l l l 'l l I
C lrnx ur-rp B crpaEo rlpoxoAttr llocroflIlllble Iialt- na 6t,t,ra Bhrliyiliiltrlil c:lorlitrL n6opr, Ilc A()tlill
uaH[rr 3il repocMorp petueHrltt l3epxonuoro cyga. Ilitnclr peIrIetlu9 cv]1i1. f illi tratl t'c 6epeueunocrt,
Stor nottpoc uopoii n,nnner ll lta na6lrpaee.;t r,nltc [,'rnrcl viri{r iio.'ree 4 ltecltleR 1l orIiJ:lAblBar],
6aralutr.,lJet'loxparnvocxal IaprIIl rpaAIIIlroHHt] lirrrpt ctirnotttll{rfl rllilcrrbl,\I. 13 Itroto [Sepxoruttii
noAAept(uBaer trpaBo aMeplrnaHotirrt a6opr' pec- c ) 'i l l i l l n i l A l 'r o r l t {'I i I l . l l x 't l l l 'l I t I {' H l l i T i e c l o r l r l 1 e t o
uy6nlrxancxan - Bncrytraer 3a ero 3allpeulentte. c I'lrl.
Bo apeua ua5upare.usuoil ltai{nanll[ 1988 r. 4e- B I'1'ulrnurr n 111(i{ir'. po}tiIIrIorI rlayuecrr5
cfl TI't.'IeTEfl tl anepfKanCliatl [I HOJIJII[I\a CI]pocll'14 iiurlll rrarpeult'rr't IJo ro.lt,rio ltiroprll. uo rr rrptr-
;'{crrl I{yaii.lra, 6a,rtltorll porantttttroct lIa llocr BII- l l e l l t l l l l ( ' l l p l ) T r l B 0 3 a 'li l 'l o t l l I l , l \ ( : p t r l l c T R .
rle-lIpe3IrAcIIrit: <l ncrcp Iivlii.'r. 6y4er .illl ) rlo- l l a c c r ', r , l u a t t t t r u i i ; 1 t 't t t ' a S o p r n 3 i l l l p e q e n L l l l
Hr npaBo la a6opr. ec;rrt a aa6epelteltt'trt tl l l r r J onc;rur. SIa.raii:uttt, TattitlnAe. B apl6cli r
peJy"'ILTare ullrlttclt.'Ioaarlrltit tt [iyai,il. rttrlla.rtt trt' crprrat ( n p o r t c 1 '1 'n r r c a ) . n i r o . t t , t n t t t t c t n e c t p a r r
c l t lyT IIB lxllcl'| ao ilpitcroll s oup"t t t as t t t eii r r r Bt ' r t l t ' .\(rprrtiir Ir .lltrttrtctittit Alrepltritr. l)To ctllt:llttto
rrto <(B np[nqu c oH trporllR l6opron,r. UperltA0 Bcelo c cyIIOcTt] loqrlM Ta]I pe,-lllrIIo3-
B 199U r. lril Bo op oc br or ^{ "t il t t olt . c r i' ii lc lo- ro-o6tqecrnennrtl1 tlte rITa.'rItrel{r}t. tlo reu ne lte'
rioMnaqslr Cu-6lr-ac n rfl serll < I.lt'r.r-Iloprt rai'ilrc)I Hee lr n )TIrx roc]'atlpc'rBa\ iliotr'llflrIlhl JllrJill.)'I
o6 oruourentrt li a6opralt pccuoHt(('trrbt orBerIIJIl orpoMHoo lio.trtrrecrBo l6oprt,n; a oqnoii lipnllrr-
Tar(: Ba y3{ltiouerrr.re a6oprol - /t/t ttltoqentl. la .-lIlII IIX LuIC.lo. tr0 HoIiOTOpl,tIlOlleIIHanI. pilBIItleT'
p arpourt llr{, ttr ro .'tt,r ; o n t lpaiit t t t r c . t \ ' ' l r r lr - cl 3 un.r"rronalr e)(etoAllo,
27 rpoqcrron ll sa rIornbtii sarlpor - 21) lpotlcr- Otplrlua.,rr,nuii 3arper nil a6opru nopo;ttnrtr
roa, Oupocr,ro6ulecraennotouncnul r (llll \ IlOAllOxl'Hl'lo l'IHAI'CTpt4m IlaCltJLCTBeIIIIOI0 tlpe'
cBfi3aEr,r c ocTpLIMlI qllc]ivccntlMll. KoTopLle ]'1]ic pbrBar{t!l 6epeueuuocrl. Ji coixa es[ru. llro
-6nttt"rtouy'ruc.'ry rluru.
M sorue ro [hl la ]T Bo ] ip] ' r lpo6; t t ' lt t ' t uc li] r c TBolI - upotnogut t, xeprn.-B
Horo rpepbrBaEnf 6epeuennocrtr. r4e 6oralue AaMI'I l{ol }-T rarl"tarl{Th 300 ,to:l.rl'
B ropoge Catic Oonrc (mrar Ionruan ,l{ano' por (qcrr,r 1989 r.) u c,qe.rarl,-6e3ortacH)'x) (itlt'-
'6o;1Rne
ra) 4oHrop Eari Yrl.'tbqlrc rloABeptctl rpal-to co pntl"io o li jruqulie. xerlnlutttt :la 4;l ;trt t
cropoasr cocegeii lt 6ltn nr,trrl';HgcH rtptltr6pccrr .,rapori rioABepralor cc6a oLpolrnortl' ptlctiv. lilt '
lIIIcTo"'I(lT.rlOC.'leTOto ali cl{}- Ill)xl'poiln.llI {)Tpl"- Bter, rrro (rllpl pfll ilec IiIll{lt IIIIorl}}'ltclifllMllD
6trts nalr,lqr,r lla pyliax. Ii{)ropl'l}Ill oII l(oraer II{JilII0.lLBl,l \t ilKl'llrOpfl}r CJ} ?I{aT Ii!'\o Il l16le H')llilI
a6opru. Y Bxo1a B .'IF)TcpflIIcli)'xr tlol)ti(lt!t'. ltpll- lr Jotr ir. l L 't r o c a r r r r c t r l t t T a p l r a I I B o r , I l {)
\oiHaEIrEon rioropoii an.ttaerc'l Aotilr)p. lto Bocti- ;1auur,rlr llcer.rupnoii oprtnttla qtrrr ;]pirBoo\PNII('
peccELgl! nporlIBIrrIirr Vrtlllucit BLlcrilBJttnr lrr, orio.ro 2lJ{) rncn.r ?Iiettqrltr (]]licrolHo \'\ltl
S r, ll 6e, 'rbrX Kp cCToB- no qt t c . t y 3apoA6l r , . t io- plk)r R Mnpe or no4o6aoii fipoBaBoii pe3fltr.
rollrrl('. no nx MHcllIUo. \'IIlltlTo?r{aeT /loliTop t'|}Nc- R 11o.'tlure, rne ralr cuJIbIILr rro3I;lt{IIII Iiillrl
ro/1H(|. .rrrqecrioii qepliBlr, Bblcrynalolqeii llporrn IIilcll l L
,{an,rerue IIpoTuBHIIion i]irlpToR trpI1ReJo Ii c T B e E H o f o f l p o p b l B a x l I f l 6 e p e M F B g o c T I l . l t , 'l i l h i l l "
roMy, rlro n 1989 r. Bepxornr,rii cr':r (llll \ s ne- 1 9 9 0 r . c e u a r o g o S p n n a a t i o u o u p o e r i r . 3 i r i l ) t 'r l l i ! i {F
t :ot opofi cre u"ar o fpa Euqn' t qLr iic1, r ' 11H, ' . peLUe- r-qtrii aooprrr 6es acglioto trcfi.-IruqeEIla B loll
are 1973 r,, yrBepluB trpnoptrlerEbIc rIIr.rri., ri'l.r ,lrrcJe Ir A.rIfl trieEqtrE, trocTpaAaBluu\ o1 H.rcu.liIA

t-a
rJrr EiiprioTrrrioB. ltHrrurlllTopl]lil fllltrllSTIIt SToro Hocru n.'r[. no rpar'iEefi Mepe. AarL ,rieHrrIuHe
3itliouit Bl,lcTItIIl.llt fpynIII cellaTOpllB. f.-lilBI{L,lIl npaBo .1o lJ uecnrqea6epelrennocin calroir perxarb
oalpai0rr r{r?tilIjUn\ lI)'tirIIIH. Iioroplrttr. tr) ltp{.r- cyAboy 3apoAnr il.
HrrrrlIr]rr]' Br,rpra{esrrr0 inl'pfia.:rlroTr}B. () i+ft, Heqefr) I Ionrrlro rcpugrrvecnororr lropa.r.tlnoroaclleK-
T(,p,r1br. iliellrrlrUrbr lTo.lblrrrr. 3a rrII\arr cr]orr ToB \i Borrpocao6 aioprax ecrb erqe r acfler{Tfla-
I I Jif i.r.,l| tcti r' ltl,Hti:r. t ) t pr ) . r . r ' ir ' iir i"Tr ' \ t I an' r,tuni i l rer' .tottt' tl cl tt i i ). cgl l asubti i c B otrpoco1t:
. r i [rerrrcrJrr r rrp osrri{r ] uT( : r ir r J8bl6oPoR. ( , ' ( . r , r f lo c K ati r)l '{) B pei \IeIIL 3ap0A 6IIU l !!C t?ri H {)C qU TaTb .Ie-
teti ltpo6.tollii lpeprr{BaulIrt 6epcttt'ltttocttt tltct,itlit .'roBetio\rB lo.'rrrorr crrbrc.rrat
lror.o c.,rooa?Tpaqlr-
l r i ' r' I il. rbHl. rro irrir).rr,ri\ .eir ic r o: lno 3I { c or , Ac . t uK} T l l tl rl H H tJIl | pt,tufl l l l crl IITa1(t1'. rIT0 c trtoyoE Ta 3arta-
or i{)ll t t,tcrt,t ;lo llltJ.'lIIlrlIit ltiiopr.a. 13 ltae Tl Ir1...\ tl erl l ,l (, rrr! cl o.rtL hi 'l ,l .efopl ,l qubr.
l 1 ) 1ll r' . u c1 l)irro c r r onoii c r r . r oii p ir Br ope. 'lrl c r , ucl at'l l I l j tsopt{. I{oB oul l rIItl l i tvql tl te uccJIe;[0-
c |l r)l)rn S olillYf It[)o ('rilir ( t , llpir lr oBor l ir illl( 11TP3n- ai l l l l ttl IIOi tB i ).l l Ii l II !C Ti i OnIITL,'tTO C \IepTL,{L'
' r i lrrii ; rilr rll r. l iop ll't'tt r r t r , 1r , t t ' r<' llr
, t t t olr t t ii' r oor r i- poai J{rtl uIt IIt!(i tvl l tei , tI(l 1.0.1t,Ii o B pc:ty,'l rrTa1,e
l .l ll : l1Il ;1 rrtt rtr Iiu 1r r r t ir t r r , I ( ( ) , , ( t lli lBf plr r r . B rl i tcIt.rLcraoH rr()ro nl l epLrB aIIIIl l 6eptl rt'uuocrrr,
c,,,'1 llrit r" l l l l l l l r ' \ ' , r ' t l l l " \ l liir T " lr l' l' t lltll llr ' l' liBll.(rttilrr,rBaercr.Jrrllrrr orioJ{) 70 lporleuroe ou.roXo-
rt't0 lt ' ilillII c I I t ) o T t iiu ilt\- illl6 r , o i) a 1 0 H' te Jb u T E TBopeI rii rilritHqllBarorcE potriAeErIelt pe6eHtid.
IIl l Ic 1\ ' I I Hl| l t l J ( ! l ) t , t t s i l 1L 6 r ' lI,u e tIu r lr r l t,. ,t' fr ) q cllo - rpurlelt nBe TpeT[ Bri]inAr,truel| nporrctioAEt B
l et o6| )r' t l r r , ' t | | , r ' l t l ) N I l i t 0 1 1 0 tr tl,IIT it r r tl.ta ttttt. .' \ g repBLn, Eecrion6lioAueii uoc,'telta.ratnn n noo6ule
;fi eHI lllt I I l, I I t . l ( ) 1 t r r c ' n r j lItII0 BII/' lcl L lto le H( lIa ,r lL - He prctro3nalorcr{Ftr 6yAyqeii ntareprtu, Etr ariy-
H)to r t ' t ( , r t \ r 1 b .r lII He cJe Aye r BBe cT Il rreparru,3ru qnrppn no;ryueulr n 1989 r. rpyuloii
I 6t lii l { } ' ,
( 1-ueaux Fi o,ryv6l rfi cnoro S uaeepcurera s H sru-
" I I r I I {' Kr).t J f u ' t , c l i \ t ( , 1 I 0.:IItIlIl r c) . Iio T o p a t{ 6 b I 6 yr i-
rr.r | | , I rr c r r " t r . r ! r < J l i r,p ' - r r cllHo ii t+ ie HL u IHn ii u. l l op$e B pe3]Jbrare rpertuuai i no roH K oro l i Jtr-
Boir]1o}I{ro.BeJra /ll?r(e yqeT 3a.rrTnii. /Ipyrno HIrrecHorotrccJreAoBnun 220 rHeuquu-go6poeo,rr-
peuuri'0,thHo6optorcr uportrR Toro. qr06bl i{{eH- utrB B Bo3pacre or 21 \o 42 Jter.
L(rlrrn tsocrrprrrrrlrra,lacr, riaH Secnpanrraa <lrlulrr l3ararne rpolrsorllo y 198 xearqnu ua 220.
Hl A,rlEpo;fi/lenlIii). rioropafl o6peveua Er 3tlllill{)- B reqeaue nepaoii ne4errr 3apoA6llx rt0rtr6 y 40
rleHre B 1(JpLM!'.ecillt [oAHnrreT pylilr rra (u.:IoA u3 Hnr. erqe v 19 ;nrntltn !o3AHe('. trpnMepso
:rruirru rrcc,rlcrncii rr 4axe Il,'IoA Iiilri pei]-y.rLTar H r I 1-i i H ene" rr,.
u!clt. r,1r. lJ0;nl,ttuarcrcfl t0,Toca II B 3aullrT\' 11;tecrnrr, {1 o lrpt{ orpeAe.'Ieuubrxclrryaqutx
IIIHCt i(). 1ol { i B . I I a X O f O p r r lX y) I{ e ce ltr la c tr Ae l Ea - (uoc.rre uoiin x.In uepnoAa uaccoaoro rolo4a)
cl 'lI ; leHlt { r co alopoIILi \lp a lio 6 e co B litIi Ir a Bo 3 - ho.lrrqecrBo aa'rarrrii pe:no noepacraer. Kpoue
rro;+inr,r\ locoiirrrr.fioB)'ilrriiqDl1 I I . 1oro. qeIl Bbrure a Hariorr-Jn6o pernone Aercftafl
(l tcrp o unit I lr llo. qB { rfl ]ta ) trp o ri l x i l r6 0 p T r,I B e - c!reprHocrrr. telr 6o.nr,ure rutf lt po]fiAaeMocrb.
;l yl t t n1. utu I f i ) R R n p I I I f l n ctilI\ lIlti0 .fla \ c n r ) ltr ) lq b r u Orerrlno, trplrpoAa riafiuM-ro o6pasolr ynreer pe-
:,\tpJ r t iirH r ' t i , , r I r l r l t I t , \ t .r "IlF u ' r ii r ip 1 ,,. l| ,r ccr iJ. f\,IIrpoE afb B 3dtIl l ucB E Jb
rrei + i nyauel .0ueicpe4oI
r
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r ru u o 4 pr 16aoc ' t ' lnnI( la . Mo e c rp rn rH o e B l rrq a fJ e -
fllIe llpLlllilB{rJttl lilApLI. B IioT.lpIrlx cst{T poT .la-
poAtirx ts }r0\1e81. HOfAil oH frlolirfT nol nHcTpl'-
\ reE t o\1 \n l.)l l)fr - llrj1. plic r ipLr TLr r P r r P\ 10\ 1 CttEPTIj.
AOEPOBO"T|bHAR
riplI rir,.
(J{ rl} lo Bcrit.rr np o6 J eua a6opr oR r r B f ep a-
H l r I rroc.r, br,llrrrre r ll O Pf B oguoii rrs [oBecreft Po6epra JL Crrnescoua
n l' ; lP. B f A[ '
'6
onlrcLrBlcrcrl r,Tt;ry6calroy6niiq>. 3ro ue {aura-
r 6 r ' plu ir,r.ur j)! rpe llrenLr . t l [ DPf - r i] nper qeELr .
llr lrreale"tg. B gaqa,rreXX nena B pfiAe crpaE
.ril lrcti,tt)rtflrtte\t ltec tio.'tL titl \ c.-I\'LtreB ecllll l.)e-
!inporur 4eficrnnre,rrbEo cyqecrBoBaJItr rafttre
iii'rrox lo.rnetr la,ullltrLcl Itit cBer c cepLetlILiltrI
fi.rry6rr. [luor4a oHrr opraHrr3oBr,rBaJrrcblroureE-
L!r 3rr.Jeclirr\rlr Ee:1ucrir1liirrIII : {,c.ru po,{tAeHrc I'r
p 0;liit pl E Iri J\| r. cTpcMrB rug]tE cfl trpE 6paTb H pyttdM
t Il.l!.1 Jlr : t ' c J ll 6epelr eur oc t u aI c _
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;ld 1,irrpil) 6u.ra 'recrsoft. Ogua us npnulrn coa,qa-
;fteHIIIIl HC II\tt'r'T 'lrn litT()!Iio IIiitepldJLHtrl\
rprgcrB ;l. Ir ;Iilr:lrrco6ecrreqesIIti pe6enHa. llpol nB
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roar, l'oprranlrr lt 6reapclrii .rorel 6rr yiirn rrr xnsrn. Fo orq-ytr{aerHeAocra-
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()6cralosria, pnryaJr rr rouy lo;o6xue {anropll
fitrlI oflpoca]r, 6oroe fio.roglinr,r Huce.'IeEutrct'pi]Ebt
rl p! ; lcp; t uBirlTcn trpu,faBaJtr noTeEqEa,]bEr,rlr ca\roy6uftIlarl pemtr-
rp olr Bot r o. r ot + iHoii t ov nl . . r pe-
unr. Cropouurrru a6opror rpeOylor orrteHurB rlocru. Pa3yneerca, noAo6E6re riJry6Er co3AaBaJIt
Jatrpelbr ua rcril'cclBeEHoe 6eperter- lrxl,lrr oTFioArr Ee rr3 Err3mtrx cJioeB o6qecTBa,
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Bechlla Sri3oTuqecHue,Blr;IoTl, A0 llOJpatliallII{ ri y\oA y l r3;+ i rnurr.l J i 117(| x l r' .. rto;l trrur,rrrl ' ap-
Ii;reouarne. nofioH.rIB[lcii airI3Hrr c lloMorllblo napAcriolo J rlrrtcpcr.r'era, exrefoAuo lir Tltir.t
qaosnroi gMen. Jltolrreqbl ,r{e peura"'rlr BoIIpoc ari€pl {arrqeB ooseprxaJr rr cauoy6tlictrto, HaxolttcL
6ee ncnnur o6qecrn u (rexHo.lrorlrrlecnrl)) npocro: uon roageiicrllcu c nrlprHoro.
6pa;ru nepeexy II MbIJrolrJIrI Sarr'Ina"-tltTIorIilorHee IJo (Dpauqurr {nc.ro noApocrnoB, r{ogqalou{trr
oftI{a II orBopaqrBa"'ru fipaHllli rasoBolo pox{ria .. ;+irraul cauoy6liicrrolr. qalrsofo Br,rrc, {e.v B
Terepr nocnorpuu, ltax o6ctotrr Acllo c cyII- CIII,,\, rr r a6co.rrornr,rxrl B orsocrlrcJrt,rrorx qu{-
qn4ov (uayvuoe saBBaIIflecarrtoyOuiicr na) a paa- pax. Illr 1r-r rncqq canoy6rriicrr ro 4)paurltrtr
Ilblx clDarrax. 6o,116ure ro.rorrrnn nplrxo]lurcrr rril Jlo,n ro lroApocr-
B lepnofi troJroBuEeXX eeHa B CIIIi\ Non'ra- r;os. I-iirrr uJ ?rur;lllr trhlracrcrt naar.lt'tii ,qalAua-
;rn caltoy6liicrao\r npe ltyqecrBeHlro rtpecraper rlrii dpauqyactuii rur:liinxop. llo xueuuro clre-
Jrlre JIIoAn. Ho o 60-x rr. attepll rtilllc 6IIe car{o- q[a]r'rcroR, rro[r,rr].ilrrono[rllrb c co6oii rri gsaHi't
y6uiiqu aauarn peaxo MorloAcrl. C 1972 no calrulrrr paarroo6pa3lbrltu lrprrrlrrxaMtr- HeyAa-
1987 r. quclo calroy6lriicrn cpe[Ir noApocrl{oB ua:uo e yuc,i c. rr.npl rarl tev Mrl a po[urerei i n
yBeJrutruiroclna 53 upoqenra. B 1984 r. qo6po- oTcylcTBrreM BJaurlorroHlrMas cTpaxor{ trepeA
6ygyrqrrlr. I[clrxlrarpn c co]I{aJIeHIe\I 'I, ltoHcrar -
Bo bHo yIJIII u3 r{tr3qll troqrtr Z Tr'lctrq[ aMep[-
riaEcKtrti trolpocrttos. B agauurerluoii uepe ult p)'IoT, \TO COBiIO\lCHrIas I]CIIXnaTpntrroNa r{e B
ronroraer B aror! AocrytrHocrb opyTr{[s' Ha.trlque c o c t o a l | l l ; L i r l r , I i l u n c T l t ) J , ( o B . ] e T B i 'p l l T r " l l 'l l l , l i i
3aDg?xeHEofonucToreTa B frlluHe trIrcbMeEEoro o T B e T a A u | | i - l ) C .I i i r t . r t p r . - l " r 8 p a T T l , , 1 a : t l n e i i u l t t i i
crola po4urerefr - ero, 6eaycloano, otpoMuoe pucr cano5,itrilcrrr cp, 1tt lcreii.
ItcKylrreExe.qnff Tex, fioro oAoJIeJrtr npo6;telor tr flepnoe necro B rtlrpe tro.rucly cat'loy6uiicrr
coMgesut. Ho, paayueerca, He ro.lbrio Aerll Il n aqa,rle 1990-x rr. npIIHaA','reir{aJloBctrrpuu -
I]olpoc'Ifiq uctroJ63yror opyrlirle A"'Irl cBeAeIrIrr{ 40 caltoySlriiq trir 1(10 rrtcsq ttaccjtc]rut B LoA.
c.reios c ,rttr3g6to. Ii o4uou ro.nr,Ho 1986 r. j{.a a l)occrrrr cralrlrc'r'llriit uoc.reAtrII\ ,tt)r' fit
trllcroJerH, aaroMarbl tr T. tr. (IloMor.ln> lepeiirtr IiOBA:
na CIIIA u unp uuoft 18 153 ar'lepunauqalt. 198i r.- 44562cartoS'6ui'rqr'r;
C cauoy6niicrooM [Byx aMeplr]iaHcrllr)i IoEo- '1986 r.- 33261;
ureii csssaso o,EEocriagAa.:rluoecyle6noe paa6n- 1987r.- 33856;
pareJlr,crBo. B 1990 r'. olipyxnoil cyn ropoqa Pn- 1988r.- 35664;
no (rurar Henalr) orn"routlJl lrcl( H tlreEan ro- 1989r.- 38017;
ny;rnpxoft aar.nriicroii poli-rpttrtrhI .iI'fitAac 191)0 i.- 3f)150:
nplcrt. Cerrbu layr noru6uux nuo[eii o6snqu- {fl1l1r. :i99ti0.
JI{ po(-tly3brriasToBB trOACTpeRaTeJrbCTBe [i caMo- (f{;ra cparneurr;: B rlporu.rroll terto, c 1870
y6uficrly rr norpe6oBa;1[ or rrnx u (oMnaHIrIl lo 1887 r-., r Erpotreiicrioii l'occntl ttotittlt'ttt.LIt
3Bvr{oaatruc[ <CBS recordsl BbrnJrarblIioNtten- c co5oii ilti Tblcflq lteJoBcli' T{i ocrh eaicro;(tlt,
caquu n pa"ltepe 6.2 lll.'t.ltrola.qo.l.,rapol O6ul- ;lo6ponor r'uo tt oIiIIAa;rII 3oltnr- lo toJloiltJ B cpe/{llcrl
H€ure crpolrJocl IIa ro\t, trro 23 ncria6p.l 1985 r' 22i0,re.ronen.)
dasattlqnrre nori.'loHIttIHtl anuuiicroii pol{-tpyrr- N{yxuuun a Poccul fioltlalor iltn3ll6 caMo-
rrr Psiivosr Eerxsen rr f{xeii.l'rc Bsuc, l;ari;rlo- vSriicrlr.rrt r 2,5 paaa rlarle, qell xeutqlltrn. Hatr-
rlrBrrne paHee (cMepre'1brl6rii coroa xpyxt6llr, 6o,rr,ruec rioJ'rurlecrBocalroy6uircre (npuvepno
noc,.le npoc.ryrrrnBalrlra rrcc It (HaA uapcrBov 20 lporleuroa or o6ulcro 'Iuc"lil) npllxo;lrlrcF na
cMeprtrD c alr,6olla <flxrygac flptlcr> oArloBpe- .'rro:{eiis Bo3pacre or 30 no 39.ler.
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o6peaor. Ilepar,Iii ronorua yMep Ha Mecre, a Bro- {1 upr\tepno 1i 00 ' rr" rosoti (A atttttt,'tta 1990 r.).
poir uyvn.rca rnll ro.xu or noc,le4creuii 'leponHo- ru:rn 21 lo6pono:thul.fi crteprh ua 100 rltcsq ;Iit't-
ntrqeBoir rpaBrf!.r. IIo, B rionlle rioulloll, To'.fie rercii. 3ro qtr{rpa paltta cpc:(nc}Iy uofia3aro.'ro
ymep. IIo MrleItItro oijg[HeEI'ItJ Ml,lcJltr cBecrrr no 6r,ranelry CCCP ua tta'ta;Io 1990-r rr'
crrerbl c fi{ ljErrro ilr,r.'raBEyI eHa K)HoIrraMKo}rtro- B 19E4 r. e CCCP ra 100 rLrcs'I ?rillrere]-l
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coleptltauntrD, lrov6niicrs rotroil3 BBepx u gocrttr 21.
pa:.trvnxrtfr reKct Qara.'tr,noro
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Jt' llCr BIiT e Jh IIO 29 sa 100 rncnq mlrc.leii lJ Poccrnt t'u iir't't

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v6triicrl r CCCI':ra rtoc,jrcArineroJri Bhlr.trrnul, :tAech pyccrirx reuepaJroB, yqacrnnxon lepgoii
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cra rn .'ro 3l 41i. B lllt)l ) r.. l ra q u (rp a c l rrs trl a c r, leplrarrcrioro (raruusua Iur.rrepa, l.lruulepa, Iic_
g o 6 0 rr r c lv . ca. l rrrrcrpa urrocrparrrrbrxqe,r 9exoc.noaaxur
l{uannii rio:rritt[rrqrreurcalroy6rr!icra I 0pe1- ll na..l\[acaprrxa. trpeJr,rAclra Bpa:rrr.r rrn i*teryrtr-
reii Aarrr nol 6u 6nrr, elqe rnrifie. ec.:ru6lr re ro U 0prac?. JrxH l crpoB B E yrppusrrr nel C C C p
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lierlHor'o loJIo]ticnrrt{ s ccrrr,e. lliHcr.olno B pec- rouepi t.ri rl l . [l ona. J4asecrH b.l ro o cauoy6nfi cr-
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uotl u qIIpKaIoT cl l,tlia-\tlt Hecfio"'IIrIi0co1,TatlI\ -B Jlcsurr.
B. I,l.
rrecrracTIIltx. lkrlriso oruerutr raxrr{e qacrble calroy6riicr-
B llu4lll rolic. u pari rrrliyrorct carocolimelIrl Ilil corp)AH t(oB ctreuc..ly1fi6,nopoii oqeut Br,rco_
iticrrrqrrur no y;tie u(, gpyr.oii rrpn.rrrrre. lJtrHotrr rionocrAB.'rexHr,lx.14ue.a .ruquoe opyxue, osIr,
sAeCL peJ 0 f[o3no-JTH u qecHa'l TpaIIrqlrr!. tloBe,](,- riilri rpaBIr,]to,crpc.ttlorcfi. flpnveu npoucxognr
Biitrorrlilfi ilieEc roc,rre crrepTlr lryiHa coBeplll]rTr, :[(, B u B | C U N X pr,.,l JcTperl Jcfl . yftA fl a oTcTas_
tuttt cori./lio11lle rIa IipellaqUorrHo\l riocTpe lr),- riv. t,r,tB |lt t p(lj pJ.ccrioro orAe..ta ure,r,rlt4_
,ra. Bor uuc,'ro colxxierrrJbtri BAoB B fipytrHr,rr ,tretIc cepB[c tro"r]rioBnrrnllaplr,a
ropo.la-r trIl,4rrrr .'rrrrrr6 al tfcrpall {nru;rcon. Ero
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l{PV tDpurri f. Burlruep-u.ua4urlrii.tr4r cosercxit
l4ngopc- 144,r \lalpace- 1.17. rioJ.,r€ra3atrecrrrrenrrnpeAcegareln I{lB Celren
Llrnlucrtrta cBIlAcrcJll,cruler. ru,o noru) nlJi- ilBrrrvrr rozle nycrrrl ce6e ny,,rn a lo6. flonou_
rirrrr ypoBuerr x{rr3llu rr.rrrc.lorr c irlroyiirriicre ner lru c co6oii qrrluiicnuii troJnoBnuri JL ltenHr.tr,
npsuoii B3aultocnnau. fat. oArrtir rr:J jrxAepoB BO3|JIaB;'tflBurfr, nexoTEoe yqllnuqe s Can_Eep_
tro quc.[y caltoy6rriicrt ut ]-tytrryEace,lerlrrr rB- HapAo.C.lvllliTC.ltr h-OTOpOro yVaCraOaa,rne VaC-
. t )r(r'1 a , rli! i t r lt c t pa U (r. 6 0 ra re i i tu l n c rp a rti r coBrrlx pacnpaBax c rrHoKo\rbrcjr s ruu[t lr Bo BDeMS
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ulaff cBorr coqrla;ltubre upo6.'teulr. llpn,rcn ;rl- Iic:gortrlre, 6eapa6orRne, yHrr?(eHrbrerr oc-
AepcTBo JTO IrpOAO"'rtriaoTcr lTrie uHotlle follbi. titlp6.-lclur,re- ca,trLre IrEorortIlcjreEEHe troAAaH-
;{ilaio Jecrrrurerll. }3 qe.lol ,ir'. oo tratrxbl]r ttlte foc5'gapcrra Cauoy6rriiq. C.rer rn so BceM
OOll, u paanurr,rx clparrax Mrlpa crr{eroJrrorpo, IIllpC IIAeT IIa AeCETrirr,ecJrlt He na coTEII Tr,rcfirr
lrcxoqur 130 ruclr calrol6rrr'ic,rr. cllreroArro. Ho calloy6lrficrna IpotlcxoAflr rr B
Carroy6niictro xo,rrL3yerct uouy,rrpHocrbx) cpeAe Becbna 6orarur lro4eii. Cqacrr,e. fiax rJra_
cpt;1tt 'ttop.recrioii u uay,tuoii a.-lr:lTr,r Bo Bccu rrtr- orrT Tprorr3vr Ee BCerAa Kynrlurr, 3a
pe. f at. tr XX sehe no6poro,'tr,lo \ ujlrr u3 itilti- Aerrblt .
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leri Ecenrrl, Maplna lJaeraeaa, tlalcxqa ,;]bno- uaxj crrrbqrl clraxrrBaroqrlx ua cauoy6nlicrno,
aa, Iioprrc lfon,'rarcrlrri, /{uurpuii fory6roa, rroar i j8-.ierHnlt Hp-ucruua Ouacclrc,
rI ;lp_u.vlr]'prSpucr To"r,rep (feplraanl), nucarc- Aoqr,MurnnapAepa
.\p[crorcJlrr Ouacclca. Hy a xporue roro,
. r rr C re {rlr r I lec iir ( A e c rp l a ). l p a c r Xo u u rrry .ri i AeEr,_
rll urferor csofictgo qcqeaarl, u 6unaer, qro Mrr"r-
t .C l l l .\). [ O r ' r r r r t r lr c r ru a (fl ro u u a ). A,re ri c a n a p JrtoEepbr crperstorct
tDalees (CCCP), eBrlbrrr poli-M)'3rrHanru Ollrrc na-3a aoJrroB, pasoptrs_
rrrcL. !orrcrrJ r.laMs csoeii cylb6lr utBelCHlIft
llpec.'rn u f{ncrrunrr Xen;lpnric (CIIIA), A:rcr; crrrqequLrr-rnopo,'rr trInap ftperep.
ca u ;p fi a ur r av c l ( Ct i C P ), !a rrrrg a (Op a u q n a ),
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i'latrrrr (in6epr (CIIL\), ranqonrqnqa jl;nernu CITEPTbIIO BEYTIIEHIIIII.
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r{:rc,'lyHa. ;riuJrib riopeHrrbrx EapoAoB A{puxu, Orieanntr,

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er o qeirox page rogo6nur o.xlrJacB,cBllAero.torI nepy, a rro6u coagarl aruocdrep! I.aiacil. olt
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l to 3HaHoM l t " l c f l c 0 3 H a x ap e lI u iJ II.' le IlcHII l| Ia Ba u T t rrprrts{lJIllT etqr] o/'utrrcJV'lalr Hl tToT pir3 cp(,;(lt
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32
BoaMolnro.I,I cauoe nopaanrerrsoe, sro Bce yMn- cqnral'roc6, trro Hac.rrarl nopvy cnoco6cn .rro6oii
palou{ue - ff cBEAeTerbcTByro3?o r(aK Bpaq - 3a IIEIO BEIi .

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y}I{aC UCII6ITLIBanT OfipeCTHHe rX[TeJIII nepeA MepearrbrM rrapyrxeur{eM ra6y. Cyulecruyer pac-
nyp yu 6 a . clia3 o Maopuiiqe (Ilo,rraeaua), xoropuii clyvaii-
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uaxgsr nypyu6a 3axoTeJ ?+(esnTrJcff Ea AeByuKe naii4ennyrc nrrqy. Itaxor xe 6r,r,'r ero crpax,
uB lrJreMer{nroAa. Ilo roAa Hr{r{orAa 6lr ne or4alrr ROIAaOHy3Ha,t, rITo HalftrryJrcflHa cToflHr{vB0}r{-
ee BaMyln 3a HeuaBncrnoro nu Hypyu6a. I4 qe- 4a rr,teueun! IIo nooepunu l raopni i rl ee,:' ro cqtr-
Byrnxa BApyr yMnpaer. Bor rarc, Eu c roro stl c TaJrocfioAHIIMr{B caMHx ymacHLIx npecrytr,'teHuii,
cero. Berepou 6ura coscen 3AopoBoii,a yrpoM pacrirara Ba Koropoe- cMeprb. flocno,llriy xa-
ee Ha Jrn MeprBoii. CocgoRracr nolpe6a;rrnaa pyulllTenb ra6y cnnro Bep[r, rrro tn6e,rt ero ne-
IrepeMoHrrtr. HaH npegnucslqaer o6uqaii roAa, Te- ua6exna, Tar{ oro r ttporr3orxJlo.Oa 5'nep or
;ro yuepureii coxrJrr! Ha nocrpe, a ocraHrlt co- crpaxa trepeAcMeprbn.
xpaHfinx AJI'I oHollrlaHrrt qepeMoHlfi.r,3aBepIIl/8 B
puryaJllEoe [oKpbrBaJro.tlepe: uecrio;rrxo lrecr-
qeB ocraur{Ir BlruecJrrr, vro6lr co6tmcrn nropyro,
rar( Easr,raaeMyro(cyxyrc), uorpe6alr,uyrc uepe- CMEPTbOT,\IO,'IHI,I[.
uonnro. I4 .Iro lr{e Bbr 4yuaere? B rortpr,rra,re.
lAe XpaHnJlllcI'OCTaSKlI'ol{a3aJIIICIr... ryCfiII n0-
JrycropeBrxero 6asaHosoro gepena. A neByluliy B pauuol r cryqae rerH U eecxut oporpecc oxa-
noroM BrAeJrlrxugofi u neBpeAIIMoi'I B oAuoii rr3 3aJrcg troJre3EbrM. E.rrarolapn rpoltoorBoAaM II
Ae p e Be w rHy
r py n6ar [ 14 ]. ApyrrrM rrptrcnoco6.leRunu, a rafiH{e troBrJrrraro-
Ec,rn ncx.rlo'rurr orxpoBeHflyro r[a;rlcu$nxa- xleMycfl ypoBHrooopaaonarut .ruclo cueprefr or
qltt() tr BMeIUaTeJIbCTBO (CBepx'LeCTeCTBeHELIX')ItoJlHlrtr trocToFEEo yMeHL laelofl, XOTfl er{lero[-
crrJr,To B AaEHoMcJry{ae ocTacTcf ToJIbKoBepcl{fl HOe ftOIATTeCTBO MO,{Er;ulfla tr.1aHeTeIIp[tMepEo
0 MaccoBolt funHo3e. o.iIrIHaIioBo,
Cn"'ra cauornyrueuna 4eiicrnyer oAuHafioao B 1940 r. or yAapoB MoJrnutrBo Bcer! Mrrpe
Ha Bcex r{ourrlnenrax. V a6opnrenoB ABcrpaJIMr l o1116" ro 340 ee.roB eKB, l gi O r.- 219, s 1970 r.-
cyqecrBoBar rax narnnaeNui rHfiq-uarbEhlii Tntl 122,s 1980r.-74. s 1989r.- 70 .rerosex *.
Martltr, npa KoTopoM EaqaJrbEoe [errcTBne (trpl{- PexopguoefioJrr,rqecrBo,rmgeii, y6lrrux ogrulr
qeJrrrBaHBe,3aMax rr T. a.) npotrsBoAnJlocE,a yAapoMMonrrnx,paBruercs 21. 3ro c;ry'ruloct
qa"'rl,reiiruee (lo;rer opyxua) flpolrcxoAnJlo rn- onoro Marapu (3uu6a6ee) 23 gexa1pn 7975 r.,
rrorerugect{u, c noMotrltn lto,'r,qoBcnoficIrbr. ror4a lroqxeiullfr paspnA t{oJrnrrrr rlotrar B
A'rro6u soa4eficrare o6p.nga6n,lo cuJlbnee,co- (pecT6sHcnyp xu,Itusy.
nepmarrruft o6pnq uuorga nog6pacuaan xeprre Cosercnnfipe(opA B aroii o6lacru ycranoB-
opyAr{fi RonAoBcTBa- narorrKtr, KocTos(r u T. A. ren r cexrn6pe 1991 r. g Cerepnou}tasaxcrase.
Bepa a cury sacransoii nopvu 6u;ra ran BeJrtrI{ar Ilercuoxepny, gryx ee gorepei tr AByx BHyrreK
qro qeJroBex,crastttuii ee o6r,error'r, repsJl Bo"rrc HetroroAaaacraJrarla KaprooenbHoMtrone, pa3-
Ii TI{IISEU!BIIaAaJTB atraTrIO rr yM[paJ]. 6lrrou na oropoA;r. Onr nepe*urgalu rpo3y, yR-
B ueroropnx ancrparniicnux nneuenax (y pbrBrxlrcB or AolKAflMoripbrMu ueurxaur. Caepri.
}oJreEropoBApEeM.'reEAa, y anaBa rr Ap.) BpeAo- Hyira MonErlE,yAaprrnrpoM...flogr,exarmufi ve-
nocsoli uarlleft BaEEMaJII{cb (ctrequaJIlrcrbrll rro pe3 Hecr{onbr{oMtrEyTMy)n treEcsoEepntryB[Aen
lopqe u BeAoBcrBy,rro B 6o,'Ib[]{EcrBe nneMeu cTpamHyro RapTtrEy- rrp.sM0enonaAaEtre r{o,1-
nuu y6r.,roBcex n.ETepbrx
ero AoMoqaAueB.

poricnSrraJrr,Eat BeBTpnriy,lflpEag TaxsKapA[sD,(oTopHe,


IIo cytqecrBy, flBtEIoTcg cItIroHttMaMtrAsaflo3a (ocra-
HoBr{r cepAqaD.ApyrEe csx?antr lpus[Eoi cuepu (rs-
oeppe4reHc, scnpaBneEEhrii Ba noAIlepffaHdeotrpeAe- * yssftarbsar trcropnt, cBa3agsar c yAirpoM Mon-
JeBBoro ypoBBn !i!cJlopoao B {poBsr, Jlnuo (xaTaJleI flurr. !Dqaorqrcr B I{Esre DetiootroDfnssecca. B Pos
curo, pa3BrlBruyncr BcjrcncTRfle ([cnopoAHolo toJ1oAa Caaanriana,napfioBorocrrorpure,n'aur CIIIA, c 1942 tro
nunrll3l, 1977 Mo,rnsfl iour_parl Tr,+iccrt Dopamp-
'I'a( sro fiI,t o xar{ofi rasrpese r{Enleqngxa Ee oxer -r'.
sqfi oura -Doua1ara
paaEoE-oT noTep! uor'rhuroronaJhqa Ea flo
6brrr, tr peq[. Bqposeu, JI. yorcos cnpaEeAJrsao3aMe- ro Ao otran€Eaa Bonoc Ea foJroBe r or{oroB lpyAtr II
qaeT, sTo.A[arno3 trpE cMcp1troT (olnoBcrBa Ee sMe- txsBora. flptrMeqarerlsor oAsaRo, qro Bo Bce! ceMr cJry-
c-r uptrEquultaJt6loro 3EaseEEE. Ilopastrrenes ca Qar{T, ssf,x Carrsaaa snxsr. On yuen rt3 ifiq3sr lo6pono.rl-
qro rroar o6raAaer cEoco6socr6ro B $parqailtrufi cpoA rro, troroEqra_c co6oii B ceulr6pe 1983 r. uo spueune
y6traarb reno - ucrossq$ cooctBesEolo cytqecrBoBassE. sepaSAeIeEEotrIIooau.

A 3 A. ,qaBpHB 33
CltCPTr' O'l Cliof-'|. u rep6uqugrr. o pacueran flaurga Ba.n;ra,co-
rpy[EtrIIa 6;rarotnopnrerr,noft opraullsarlun <Ox-
c{rau>, n 1972 r. qnc.'tocr{epreJtIrHbIx c"'ryrIaeB,
Crono .rlror'l - npooJBoAIIoeor allrnniict{ux B (OTOpHX nOBrrrrqotrprlMeEeHue trecTIrIIuAoB'co-
crroB (oMoyn) (nnut n <{orr (ryuan). Ono craBJrsJroBo BceMMltps trptrMepEo10 tlrcsq. I4e
O3EarIa€TIIeJIeEy AbrMa' TyMaAa n ILIJIE, BOAEU- unx 6700 clrepreii (75 npoqeuroa) trprrxoAlrnocb
fiaroqylo B pesyJlbTaTe 3arps3rleEtrfl Bo3AyXa sa cTpaE6r. Tper6ero Mnpa, r(oTop6leIlorpeoJlE.'lrr
ILIMOM, rasOBbIMI4 OTXOAAMtrIpOUBBOACTBa' BLI- Torna Jrurrrt 15 npoqenroa necrIIqEAoBor o6lqe'
XJIOtrEbIMtrTAsAMII ABIOMO6UJIEfrN T. rI. TOA MADOBOTO -B I{OJItrqEOTBA.

AefrcrBtreM ynbrpalpuoneroBoft paAuaqutr consqa urose 1985 r. s Hafipo6z 6ruo ony6;rurio-


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oAEOMMeCTe,Ee paccetrBaficB. flooregcrnun gnr rnx xuaneii.
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Itax vcrauosurr traroJIoroaEarolttbl, IIoBepxuocrt' socru 6burz trpe,qanbr yxtacabre (farrrr ru6e;rr
opraEoB IbrxaEIrE ?*(trTeJIeE HpytrEbrx trpoMblln- mr{oJrr,EnfioB, npnBJIeRaBurtxcfl n y6opxe xlouxa
neEEhrx ropoAoB ue sopMarr,Eoro p03oBoro qBera' n Cpe4xeft Aaur, ra-aa orpaBJrenxt trecrtrqnAaMa.
A trOKDBITA TEME6IMNAJIETOM. Ito;ruqecrso meprB, tro paBElIM AaEEbrM,cocraB'
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.EOe 6eSBerpue trptrBeno ft ToMy, qro cMor upo- ctreprn - or cypporaloB allftoronfl' Asrnarxo'
AeprfiaJrcE 3Aecb tr.trrb guefi u ynec 63 xtuaru' roJrbEde xaMtraHllu, orpaEllqesuE B trpoAatKe Brr-
Taxoe me 6eacrsue trocrtrrJto uecrevxo [onop Ha tr BOAI{tr [pUBOArlT It TOMy, IITO B Eartreu
6ura Ilurc6ypra (CIIIA) ' Ho caMan crpauruan crparre EeMaJronogeii yllnpaer ua-ea ynorpe6le'
lpare[Es, cBESaEEaff CO CMOTOM,npolrsoffJra B Etrt TexHlrllec(trx BI{AoB cntrpTa,
trOntrTyp6l tr lpyrl(x lroAobEblx -oAeHofiouoB'
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gror pal npo4ept(aJlcs EaA ropoAold 6onee EeAo- |990 r. y.rrcp:ru 5 xnreleii ropoga Heuepoaa z
rtr,6t6yqu oco6eExo IrJrornbllr{ c 5 uo 10 4eta6- 5 xrre,refr ropola Jlesusctt-Ityraeqrinii, orpaBtrB-
pt. Buecre c rlacrtrqauu BJIart oE copepll(aJl B mucr nnrr,erilu cnzprou Mapuzucxoro JIEKepo-
xop-
ce6e necxorgtto cor roEE rIMa tr cepErcroro aH- BoAorrnoro oaaoga. Cnnpr-y6zrtqa, coo6qul
pectrog,qesr ra:etr,r <I4agecr[al, o6ornencx ero
rEIpuAa. B rrore, uo oiPuqEanEEEIMAaEEbIM' or
(5-13 norr6lo ?fieprBau EegemeBo: r l{euepoae ero trpoAaBanrl
cuora ea aru AsE 4ena6pn)
6 o re e 4 r c s s t onlD€I t r no qere 43 py6nn aa troJl-ntrrpoBylo ,6ylqo*y
(lrs cpasueuttn: cpefgsn 3apnnara s CCCP sa
to 6rua npnuepuo 250-280 py6left).
"pett"
poaegennxe asaJItrShI tronaSaJIA EanIIqIre B npo-
CMEPTL OT XEMUIIDCfttrX OTPABJIEUtrfi' AaBaeMoM cnupre cJloxtlrhrx atfnpon n xorEqecr-
nax, r 5-10 paa trpeBlrmaloqux lrpegeJlsso Ao-
trycruMBle, a raxme 6Yraxo;ra.
Peasuvaqnouur,re or[eJreHIItl MHorlx tloJlbqlrq -
Ha ceroguamunii [eEB xn?poyMEoe qeJroBeqe'
CTBO, Ee yAOBJreTBOpflfiCbtrpnpoAHr,rMn tAaMtr' sa6rru roxcuxoror qecrtuMn 6onlnrrlru' 3a ro4
ctrETealrpoBaJIo eue 7 lrur"truosoB EcnyccrBes- n CCCP [porrcxoAlln MuJIJInoE orpanrennft, Ir
slrx. I4i sux 60-70 r6lctrs EaxoAt?cl B 6nu3- 50 rr,rca.r qeJloBen Ir3 SToro lIuJIJlIroHa cnacrtr rle
RoM cotrptrIiocuoBenulr c JIroAbMu.Mnorne xuuu- yaaBanoc6.
- troBegaJlr. HaI(
rrecxEe goe,qtrEesE'I, trctroJlr,syeMBreB trpor(brm- B uro.:re l99t r. *ll:secrrflt
B noceJrl{e Pyccxue Jluunrn Ea olipauEe ropoAa
JeEEocrIr, ceJlbclioM xoastcrse n gaxe a 6r'rry, qeJloBeria'
qeJIoBeKa. I4gsecrso, qro Hoaonyfi6rrmencxa norn6;ru rptr
cMeprerbno onacgrr EJrF
fiorocftrTb fi Mareplr'
6rrrosbrun xnMuqecrtrMu npenaparaMtr troJrBay- tr4. 3a6poruna, trpuexaBlnaa
crrycrtrJlacb r rorpe6 qa trBope 3a l(aprolrxolr'
rorcx usorAa yronoBEhle Y6ziqlt'
O.resr epeAqrn BeqecrBa, trclroJll3yeMne B Marr 3a6pogunoft, urgn, uro Aoqepa nonro*Eer'
trecruquALr troAorxJla x uorpe6y u sarntrEyna B rrofi Aoqb
ce.rtbcrio]rxo3EicrBe - BceBo3Molr(Ebre

34
nerfiaJraEa AEe uorpe6a 6ea cogxasng. IIo npocr- eroro 6ogcrnn.r MerrBrrreqoM sa llunyry noru6;ro
6e uarepu Ea trouorqb upu6exaar cocegn. ,[roe csuue 60 T6rcfiq qe.roBcri.
na Eux cfiyctunncr r rorpe6 n roxe ynaln 6ea A pexopgnoe tro qucry E(eprB B XX sene
cooHashfl, flona npuexatr raooctracareJrlr'y fio- 3eltrrcrptceEr:erpou3our.'toB lturaicKux npo.
ropr,rx 6u;rr nporEBoraal'I,Ece rpoe, EaxoAtrB- BirrrqnaxXa6oi u Tarmasr 28 nurn 1976 r.,
a"e"" u uorpe6e,yueprn. Ilpuruuoro ororo cfa- I{orAa qeturiou 6nrl paapymeu npynnefiurui zu-
na Konqetrrpaqutrn norpe6e oraculJx Ans rntrSEu Aycrp[arbur,rft qerrrp n noru6:ru 243 rucnqn
ra3oB, trpoEtrKaloqnx E noqIy ua-3a yfeqefi B qeiroBeK.
r rpy6onponogax Mecruoro ue{renepepa6arn- Bor eqe fienoropbre AaEEbreo xeprBax 3eM-
Baroqero aanoga.Cuycrn rpu AHlr or orpaBtenlrff rerpncennfi s XX sene.
raealru uoru6 B cBoeMtrorpe6e eqo oAnE Mecr-
sBrir t(nrer6. 1905 r., tr4u4un,paiion Ilen4xa6a- ftamrau-
Cpegu sna.rute;rBgstx Mnporrrx xtrMnqgcnnx pa - {9 rsrcl.r noru6urnx.
naracrpo@ uocJreAueroAcctrrlrJlertrlt- BBpbrBEa {906 r., no6epe;xr,e Sruagopa - 1000noru6-
3aBoAe Rounanflu <,Ionnou xap6aigl, clyetrn- mtrx.
uuiicq 2 ,qcxa6pr1984 r. s Bxonare (lln4na) u {907 r., fluaftra- {000 norn6mux.
rtDlrBerrlnii li orDaBJleEnIon rn6e:ru 4035 qelo- {908 r., Meccrucxnft earus (I4ranns)-
ser. B Hurae a cearr6pe 1978 r. s pe3yJlbrare 58 rncxq rorn6mux.
aBapntrsa xtrMnqecftoMsaBo4eB ropo4e Cyuxoy 1909r., tr{pau- 5500norn6mux.
B peny notrantr 28 roau quarrcroro f,arpnff. 9ro- 1915 r., Areqqauo (tr{rarnn)* 32 600 no-
ro HoltrqecrBa Aocrarorlno, sro6br uoru6nu ru6mux.
48 t x:r:rrosoa qeJloBenroAEaI{olaaera <9xynro 1920 r., nporuuqnn Hnncx (Itrrafi) -
TtrEEEgFL 6ao> coo6rqrna, qto qscno ,*eprB co- 200 rucaq uoru6mux.
craBn.ro Jrurul 3 rucg'In. 1927r., rpoeunqualanrcy (Itrrafi) - 41rnr-
cn.ra nort6rrrnx.
1933 r., uo6epemreCanpnxy (ffnoxua)-
3 trrcsqr noru6urnx.
CIIEPTI)OT CTI{XIIfigblX SEIICTBIfi, 1934r., Bnxap (!Ia4ua)- 10700 norz6mrx.
1935r., fiserra (Ilatucrau) - 25 rr,rc.sq
uo.
rn6mnx,
Hama sracrr EaA dpnpogot npoffrnseTcn B 1939r., llurrnu (!Inru) - 28 rncnq norn6-
6eaxanocrroli a(cnnyaraqtrE cHpEeBLrxpecyp- mux.
coB, B ypoAoBantrtrnasgmaapranranetElr Eo oua 1939 r., SpanuAmau(Typqra) - 32700 no-
He cuocobsa aaqtrTnTi rreJloBe(aor xacntta6nnx ruOmtrx.
(ga n ue oqeur Macmra6stx) paapymnre;rrrux 1944 r., upeifexrypaBanaaua (flnonux)*
nponareunfi ctuxnr. XX Ben tro sucny cfnxtri- 1000uorn6urux.
nrrx 6eqcrazft EeBepotruo crpalueE. Ilpaxruvec- 1945 r., uo6epexrc flaxrcrasa - 4700 no-
rtu xarrtEhrftroA - colfi[ Tncnq trorE6rrrux. rn6lrnx.
Hau6o:ree rsrr(errrMn ne ctuxnfrrrrx 6egct- r., ocrpoeCnnony(ffnouur) - 1360ro-
-1946
snit gsrnlorcs ae rrerpficeutrs. Tan, a 1923 r. fEomax.
BeMnerpgcextres flnosuu troqrn yltrqrotfinJlo ro- {948 r., Amxa6ag(Typxnennr)- 100rrlcss
poaa Toxuo r llonarauy, noru6tu upn atou trorn6urttx *,
il9 300 qeloaen. 31 uas 1970 ro4a 3oMrorptceuce 1954 r., 9rs-Acuau (Annnp) - 1240 now6-
trDtrBeJroK DeJXoMycMerqeEtrIocRarncroii qenE flnx.
a An4ax. io clino"a ropu Vacnapar, aucora {960 r., Ara4up (Maponno) - 12 rucss uo.
noropofi 6768 MerpoB, copBancs no[EnKoBbIfi rn6unx.
ou"rr, onto*ayncn-s oaepoJlrnrraxyxo. Cuna 1960 r., npornuqnr .A.payno(rlulu) *
ygapa"6r,rna ranoBa, sro u3 oaepa BrltrnecByJlclr 2230 norn6mnx.
noror( BoAbr,naunei u rpnau o6reuou trplrMepuo 1963r., Cnonr,c(Ioroc;rarrn)- 1070noru6-
50 Mn:r;ruosor xy6ouerpon r co cfiopocrElo lnIIT.
370 nurouerpoo B qac pllnynct ua ropog lonraft. 1968r., 3ana4nanCnqu.'rnn - 740 norn6mm.
IopoA c sacenenselnr23 rucsqn rreroBen Mrfio- 1968 r., Xopacan(Iilprr) - 12100 norn6-
serruo 6lrr saronJlet. Eqe vepee ceMbr{trEyr tro- TItrX.
rori Ao xpaeB BatroJlsun rcn gonnuy Caxra
Itor4a nproxnn cnacateJrtr,oAur aMepnfiaEcKllft t Tafivrc trudDv rrr3r,rBaer linErA DefiopIOB f'EE-
trorrogsrfi Meltrquroxofr oryx6rr, o6neres uec- nccca (Moicrina. 1ti9'l). B
[x. Inlra i x. IIIara
ro taraerpotfu Ea BsptoJrere,cnaaan: <<Err4en "tru."dcrnoro 6oree cfipovEat
r,3u6tan rncpgrr trprrBolttrrcr
oAEarftABrranoe... B Xnpocruer. B peaynr,rare qorfpa * 19 TUcEq rrorD6rEFi.
1970 r., rlrrrr6ore(II"py) - 07 rncgq ltoru6- 'l'perrn, 10,rrer or poA!', cra"ta napa6riarr.clr n
IIIII \. ropy 3a rrr{M.IIoHa oln 6eiria.rn, lprlu.ra olport-
1974 r., Itnraii, rpontrntlua Iont'uaur - Hatr Bo.rIEa.(t\ 3eMJfl Aa?I(eerqe se llepecTaJa
20 rsrcsq rlot[6Irlu\. co4porarbcr ), - BctroMlrHaer l{apu liorrrios.
1976 r., harelra"ra - 23 rsrcsqu notu6nrx. Bsuernyrurucr, na 30 uerpoa BBepx ro cr{Jouv
1 9 7 8 r. . T c 6ec ( I { pau ) -' l i rn c l .t n o tn 6 ru trt. xo"rrl\Ia,BoJlIIa clrbtJra J]roleii, qepr{oBhn Bce rr0-
1 9 8 0 r. , lj, , r r , - . \ c r r ar r(A.rx rp ) -:r ru c s ,r ro - 6o.rrurue noma, Coxpauu.lucrr .lrrurrJ rxrio"'ra Il
t r r6 u l x. ri.raA6uute.Ocrarr,uoe 6u;ro S,ueceuon uc.rpe.7-llJ{r
l |9 8 2 r. . I leuen- 280t) n o ru 6 ru rrx . x3 Aoqepefi Iiouxoaa, yueceuHhrenoluoii (a ro:r
1!)8i3 r'., 'l'ypqur - 2 ruca.ru roru6utrx. 'ruc.ue craprual). ttcrre:]JrrrgatsccfAa. Ilrrn.trac lr
1985 r., ['lerrcrrria- 4500 norn6rlux. Tpernii pe6eHori6r,r"tusa6pourenu BBep\ tro cti.ro-
1988 r'., Apllelur -- 23 et,tcgqtr rtrrl6ultx. lry u ,[uurlJrrrcL rJyBcrBrrro .ryAoll yuele.'rlr. trIr
80 xrre"reii ocrpora ueuela 23 .rc.rloleria6br.rll
lJcero c {1105 no 19{)0 r'. Bri"rmqlrre.'Ilnora y6rrrn rurarrcnoir no.:ruoiir[ 1l-r].
tl.rrAnererrllorr3orrr..ro 6o,rt,r 1l|0 rteu.,rerprceultii. ll,rr'r:riu no cnonlr ly6rrTe,rlubr\I rroc,]reAcrarr-
lrprrBcArrrr\ R rro.rtilrorlccrilnr inepraau. rlrrcttt trll K 30}t,'reTptceHtrtrlI[38epxeHllfl r]v.ilr(aHoB.
uorrrSurlrx- orir-r;rol2i0 Tblc[\ rre.ilo!,eri. 27 aerycra 1883 r. nylnanurrecnoe n3Bepr{eEuo
O;1rronpelrr rralrerrrsrrlrriicqclag (i7 rr,tcav na ocrpoBe lipariaray (uexi4y ocrpolalrlr .flra rr
?iep l r re lr ler pr c er r r ii u l 9 8 0 -1 9 8 9 rr.) rp e - Cyuarpa) rrptrBeJo]i ls6e,nlr 36 rhrcrrr qe"loBeri.
riparrr.rcs s 1990 r'., rior;1arl3-3a Ito.tc6iurtii at'n- B nnrape 1902 r'. tpo6y4r.r.rrcrByrrrias Jlrrcaa.ro-
Hdii ropl,r rour6rrr ;-r2 TLlcaqII rIe.loBeli. pa Ha ocrpoBe Mapruunra. On lycria-'r Anu o
(laltue le;rrrrue 3elr.rorprcelIIr l plrHirA.r er+iar rerreErre trflTn necsqeB. 1I{rrrerrr lopolta Ceu-
He flaIxerry Ber{}'. uAHo Il3 lMx lpolI3olr,ro B llrep yxe flprrBhriJnrri 3lorrry, so S lraa rra :.nep-
15i0 r'. r riuraiicxoii npoBlIHIlnIl Illeulctt. tt t'yc- .ira Byirriafla tsIJtpBaJlacL ((ua,rlnnla't T]r9ilD u I
ToEace.ueHEou paiionu nrirtpyl Liltaur. 3elr.-rerpl- rIrEoBeELc otia Halipr,rJtaropon. 20 Trnct(l rie.to
ceHrre cily'Illtoct, rtoqL() u I]opo;ul-'io Tblctlrlll aeri noru6rrr rJa Mecre... B rroa6pe 1l)S;i r. upo-
o nO , 'ls HCll F t l C l i i ] O E a x \ 0 .il1 \lo B II3 tr ltr flillx n Op o A traortr.iIon3Bep?rrerrreayJlialra,,\pelrac ([iolyu-
B pyrrr5'urulrx AoMa\ n 3Ncr,rItAIrHr,t\reqepa\ 5rn), cenelr 6rr.ru cgecelllr rrecrlo,tr,riose6o.rs-
loll6 ro . lo oqeHr iar rr l c ro p n ro B , 8 3 { ) T rtc tq .It' - tunx ropoAoB n [oce.[Kor], ttortr6.lo 6oltec 20 rar-
.roseri. IJ 3euJlerptcelrII[. orBarIIBtIIerI ]j;runstti'i cqq rte.r,,B cl i .B trrone l 9l l 1 L l tpucu)B Ll ni i cH
Bocrori rr Bocrorrroe ro6eperxle Cpegttseuaoro By.!I{aH Ha ocrpoae Iincto (fllonnlr) rrory6l;r
) roprrB rrro. r o11201r . . nol u 6 ,tn trp n n e p u o 1 1 0 0 rs - i37 uenooeri, a Byirtrau flnnary6y (Ou,rlrnuu-
cflq qe,roBcri. (,peIrI :lp)rrr\ Be,lIrI{lrx 3ell.JleTpfl- ulr) - 6oree 200 qe:rolerr,
c euu i i rry r or r . r or o Hlir o B y rru p u i i c ti o e 1 7 3 7 r, IIo 4annnv OOH, ro;rr,no 3a neploA c 1971)
(1300rr,rcl.r licpra) l rrorrcrir)e 17130r. (137 rt,t- rro 1991 r. B pe3y.rrrrTare crrrxuiisr,rr 6egcrenii ao
c rv a re p ro). tcerl )lrIpt' roru6,ro cBr,rutell nu,,r.rrronogve,to-
3eurcrplrccunlt rputtocflT norro.rn Irrc"Ir,Hr,te B E K .
iI(eprBr,r,ec,rrIIrx ?l]IrqerTp Ea\oAlrrcrl B Moptx i(aaaiire rclovntrM o loc.rreAcrBuflx Eerioro-
rr orieauax r3-3il Bo3lruxrroBeunnqynulru. Bor prrr\ n:r 3Tnr 6e;1crnuii.
( '; lll l t L r c .Ij ' l a t' 8 . p c c l { u :} i rl IH b l ID
-\ : r pir lir r , l) ub1\
rirrlre a]Icprrriarlcrirrxceirclro.torot [*c. fupa rr A npe,tt 197,1 e.
X . l l Ja xn . C IIIA . 148 ropnato (yparanrl nr cuepuei i ).
<Ocrpoa 9euera - o5rlrno crorioiiuoe r :unp- o6pynnaunxca sa 13 nraron. 3a J{BaAna yHec-
Hoe u e cro. [ o 27 lr apr a 1 9 6 4 ro l a 3 ]e c l . Ir H e - rn li1ll rxusneii.
crioJrbrirx rlrrJax or lo6epexrr,a Arnc(u, s rcro- Aezycr 1979 e.
ralannoii rracrrr 3aJlrBa flpnnc-Bu.rlnu uporHr- flpopur garr6u Ea pelie \Iasqxv (14stra)
Ba.:ro80 .re,1oner... lpIrBeJ K ru6e"r;r nprrlrepuo,) Tbtcfl l l qe-'IoB eIi .
Crpacruan rrrrrErr(a 19fi4 ro4a 6r,rla, Hari Xta, 1983 e.
nCI]OMIInl0ToIIIII n:1 il{[Te.uell,((qyAeCHLIII iuleu). fllouug. 3elt,'rerpficcHrrec o{raron g fluorr-
uopc 6r,rrro crrorioiiao. Aeru rr xrpa,rr na Cepery. clio[t ]rope, ri 3atraAy or ocrpoBa Xoncro, rorl'6rr-
I'1 nqpvr pa3pa3rr.'rocr, cu"rr,uciiurec 3e Jerpsce- .ro 106 ,re.roren, u eqe 105 noru6",ru ua-aa qy-
lrre. ilell.,t-qcrpartlrro 3arpflciracB, Ir tioe-HTo II3 uaun, oCpyuunueroca da no6epexle aS,ruau
ocrpor!rr1rrn.irEatr o BoSr(oxiIloM rlprrxoAe rrop- A rilttr,r.
cnoii ro;uu,t. craJ c"teIIlrL la 6epetorr. Hrrn,rtac A eeyu 1984 e.
Iir-,rrrior 1'nrr,qe,'r rpex cBorrx ;1o'repeilnuuay ro1 I{auepyn. }I;t osepa Monyn nupaa"'rocr,o6.rn-
11l)rr,ril.'rolr s rot caMnii Irrrr. HorAa Ha ero t.'ta- no yAylnnrrBoro la3a, HatroMItHaBruetoAbrM, uo-
3a\ Bo,'llrcrnla yxolIIITrr or 6epera. Os uott.ra.:Icg ru6nu 3i qe.'IoBeri,npoxoAuBllltrx rr,!u rpoe3aaB-
li Alr,repar u cxBal[4 AB]'x JaAmrr\ Ha p]Rn. lxrrx tro Aopore y o3epa.

36
'
Ma fi 1985 e. Hnxaparya. Vparan <{lxonl, rpounuccxuft
CIIIA. Illecurrersnfi MarLquK 6ru pas4aa- ,raaeur,noru6;ru148 qe,roaeH.
reg s o6ggtugx Marepn, xorAa oua trrlTaJlacb (Dpauqua.BypR, nu:aaauras rraBoAEeurre B
cBonM renoM yKphITb ero ra pyxuyeueii cronofr r. Huue (genapraueur lap), norn6ln 12 .re.ro-
norpe6a. Sror MaJITIIIfi 6rrn ognnv ue 12 qe,ro- B E I{,
nex, noru6urux Bo BpeME r{ygoBulqEoro lopuaAo, Hoa6pu 1988 e.
Iiorop6rii Iloqrt{ cMer ropoA c Jrlrtla 3eMnu (rurar 'Tarnauq. Bo rpeva uropua rrorn5ln 42{).re-
Ai i o a a ). lloBeK.
Aezycr 1986 e. I4cnanuq.Bo apeur 6ypu uorn6,'rrr6 qe,'rosen.
I{auopyu. 21 arrycra irfoAtr, )HIIBtuEeBonpyt flneaw 1989 e.
Byrnarrtrqecroro Rparepsoro oaepa Huoc, ycltt- B peaynrrare BeMJrerpffcertrs3 xRur.laria ue-
urairtr rpoMnufi rapun. tlepea ,EecnoJlbr{o Muuyr rroAarreKyor [ynan6e (Tagxuxucran) 6ulu
ourr IIotlyBcrBoBa;ltI crpauuuii sauax, 6r,Icrpo rorpe6earr nog 1S-uerponuucroeu geu.ru.9uc-
cragruuii yAylxnIIBr,IM.Hpecrlare cranu gr,l6e- .fo qeJloBeqecxwx xep'ra - 274.
farb Ir3 xux{rru. rro 6emarr, 6trlo uenyga - tt;ro- Anpetu 1989 e.
rqa4r' 6o:ree 2J nsa,qparnux fiIrJroMerpoB ofia3a- Dauraageur.Topnano c nopuBaMtrBerpJ -lo
- rinroMerpoa
liu
.rracr,Ea(pbrra r.16rarou agoruroro raaa. flo otltl- e 'lac, norr6rn ono.ro1300qe.r,'.
qtra.irrrHr,rM rarrBLrM, norz6ru 6olee 1700 qe"ro- B el i .
BeK. upuqeM B se(oropbtx uoceres[gx rorn6]rn Finraii. Bo BpeMsrxmpMa n Cuuyaun noru6-
qE"TIOBEH.
fIpa]irurrecRn Bce }I(IITeJru. JIII d /
(Deenata 1987 a. Ilnnt 1989 a.
CItrA. lla-ga cuepua norr6nn 7 qe'losen s Bpa:r.:rrrs. Ca.nsnufi rpontrqecKlrii rrrBeHb,
urrare Mnccucnnlt. noru6:rlr 5 rreroBefi.
Onra6pa1987 e. lIIpu-JIaxna. Tponurecruli nxBerrb, rraBo,qHe-
Asrnus. Bo BpeMtrAByxAEeBEoro trrropMatro- sne, uoru6 171 'renosen,
t:g5,trn17 qeJroBel(. Iho,tt 1989 a.
Ioxuaa Aifpnna. Bo rpeua I]FruAEeBEoro Ioxnan I{oper. Jlusesr s npoaunqnnloxnryr
urroDMatrorn6nu {74 llo;rra. naoogueuue,noru6.ru 17 qe;roseH.
<Deepata1988 e. "eroaexa. Cernn6pt 1989 e.
Bnaiunus. B reseHne 10 qacog sHna- Hapz6cxuir6acceirs.Vparaa <Xr,roro>, rorn6-
lo 12,5 caurnuerpa ocaAHoB, uoru6lll 300 qe.no- rn 45 qe;roseri,
B E R- nena6pt 1989 e.
Mapr 1988 e. [,lngnn. I{un,ron I EesraJrrcfiolr 3a,]rrrBe,
no-
OPl. Cnnrsoe EaBoAEeEtre, uorn6;rn 13 're- ru6ln 4 rucaqr treJroBe(,
noBeft. Aurrnr. Vparauunii nerep, lpo.lrrBHbre Ao?rt-
Anpe,nr'1988 e. Au, noru6rn 9 qe:roseri.
tpal s Mopana6aAe(I4lrun) npnBenK cMep- fneapa 1990 e.
rz 246 qe.'roseK. Aur,ruR. Yparau, norn6;ru 46 qe.loseK.
Mafi. 1988 e, Tynnc. "llrann s saBolueHueflpuBe]rrrH rr-
Itnrafi, Bo BpeME clrJlruoro mropua norlr6- 6e.rlr 30 .rerogeN.
ru 126 qeloner. Maqaracnap.I{ruon, nour6nn 12 qerosefi.
Aeeucr 1988 z. Qeepa,u,1990 e.
CyAis. Paanss Hnla, nano4aexnen 6ypn, Aurlun. Vparanu6reBerpn a CerepnolrVa"rr-
rorn6ntr 58 qeroBe(. ce, ro1116,rn 14 qe,'rosen.
Kurai. Haaoqueuae B rpoBusqzn rlmeqann. lena6pu 1990 e.
[or!6ntr 800 rIeJroBeK.Or renrosux yAapoBnplr Csemsas 6ypn na4 3anaqnofi Erponoii: no
rucoxoft reuneparype Bo3Ayxagoru6rn secRorl- @panquu, I,Icnanlrlr, Aur,:tuu roru6"'ru t 1 cero-
fiO COIEE TIEJIOBEX. R efi .
Ca,rrnagop,Bo rpeun tlernpexAueBnororurop' flueapa 1991 e.
lra norn6lr 36 qe:ioseR. ArrluR u tr4p:raugux.B peay.rr,rare urropua
Cenra6pa 1988 e noru6nu 30 qeJroBer.
(Deena,* 1991 e.
Baxrllagem. Cnlrurre nnBEB' EaBoAHeElle'
totu6ttm 2 TbIcEstrqeroBex Ipeqnr. ?I{eprraMune6usa.tux xonoAoBcra-
Itapn6cHnft 6accefru' Vparau <[xul6eptr, I nn 9 serosen,
Mencaxe u xa fuafine uoru6Jrs 300 qeJloBer(' Mapr 1991 e.
I{nraft. Cn.rrnue rpotrtrqec(ue IEBE!' EaBoA- CIIJA. Vparau a uttare Tesseccu npnBenuK
sesue, uoru6rn 170 qe:rogen. rs6eru 5 qeJroBeri.
Ovn6oa 1988 z' Anpe,nu1991 e,

gl
Ilepy. 3errlerpnceaue Ea ceBepecrpas6r, tro- rucr Moqsbrfr sacoc Aaf orl(aqlu BoALIn qoA6-
rn6;rn 38 qc.loBefi. erauuft xpar, uro6u paagnnxyrl o6louxn Aoua.
Epaau:rux,Halo4ueuneyuec.noxuann 73 ue- Ha cneqnatraou BeproJrerecrtacarentr AocraBtr-
JrE Eacoc trs Bororu I Apuepo, tro Bce ycnrnn
:IODEK.
"--ii-n"rr-P"*u
u aaaMa.Ssunerpscestre cdrofi B;lpDatr OMafipy tr:t uresa 6ulu 6eoycnemun.
muaueft' fieiorxa yurpira y EEr Ea uaaax.. Bapoc:rue
-o 7,2 6arna Yuecno67 6xlr uorpncexx ee cuoxoftctanex. Oua arala,
CItrA. Yparanuue cuepvn, o6pymnrmuecn
Itasaac n ox.laxoua, crall upurnxofr
qro troA EoraMu y Eee rena y6zrux ce:reu pog-
;;;
"" crBeuEunoB. Eopl6a aa xusur Ouaiprr lpogo;I-
ru6eln 30 qeJrolex. 60 qacoa,tr Bcearo BpoMEosa Eg repsra
paapyrrxro l{Eortre xa:racr
fnvars. 3eu:rerpficeutre
npncyrcrBtrt gyxa. Saxerlr, qro ctracarenn yc-
aaasin, oco6easo B cerax. Moqxufr otroJlselbr
raru, nerorna trpeAnoxtrna: trHguro or4oxaure'
sllasassnfi SeM erptceEtreu' troxoporuJrtroA ct>
paf,ona' B xtrBrlx t lrorepnJlnt.
6oi celo Xaxern Caqxspcxoro B nrore gcn uoqr samefi TexEoftparn'recxoil
TaM ocraroct, rollxo 4 qaJtoBsna. A Ecero oeA-
qenoBel(' uuBtJltraaqntr oxaaaJlacb 6eccrrlsoft cnacru
crane nory6ulo onolo 200 oAEofi Ouaipa rat u norn6ra s
,fiEasl AeBorns.
Ma 1991 e.
oetoEiotr xatrI{aEopyxEyDlueto aAanrff.
Easrralem. Cnlrrsefimui sa trocJroAlge Ao'
cFTtrnertrfl yparaE c Berpou' AocTxraBmru cK(>
pocm 235 nunousrpoB B qac' BBIaBaJI noJroccanb-
ira p"rpy*"""" n uaaoguenne' lla-aa o6paso-
CMEPTb OT HAPITOTIIHOB.
aaunofi quxlouolt rurasrcxofi &uerpoaoft ronnr'r
n rEBEeft usorEo rocerltE oltaaantrcbtroA BoAotr
sa rnv6nse 6o;ree 3 rnerpon. rlo paaur'rn oqeu-
qenoBen' Vnorpe6:rexre uapfiortrqecxlr:i BeqecrB, u3-
xau, norn6lu or 140 go 200 rucss qeroB€qecrBy c [aBHIrx trop, cla"rlo
BecrELIX
Ve6efiucras. Cr.ntslle [oxgl paalrrrntr cnnou
gsna otrongeEB gar{pBrJr Ee- clpamubrld 6eActsneM IrMoEuo B XX rene, xorga
ropbr, tr comeAmuft
ropoga Aurpena (Tam- npoEaBoActao nx 6LIto trocraBrsno Ea npouhrlrr-
e"'oiaoa ce:resue 6Jt"s K ro-
nesnyro oosoBy trpecrytrElruu lpynnaur.
fienrcRal o6;racrl). rlorr6'm 56 ssroser' pacTuTeJlh-
y x(s r EapKoTuEaM ecTecrBeEghlM,
Ilnno 1991 e.
llsans. B peaynbtare
^paiioue IIpoJItrBHhIxloxtAet u Eoro trpoEcxoE(Aeurx, 6unz 4o6ar,reru ncxyccr-
EaBoEEeEuR Bou6Cs noru6ln 88 qero- BeEE6re,ctrBroarpoBaslue r aa6oparopuax - ru-
Be}(. " na JICI.
Ilnat 7991 e. ' B CIIIA xoroccarrsrlft pocr ynorpe6nennx
Itmafi . ?Iteprnaun pABpyInETeJrbEHx EaBoAse- Eapr(oltrItoB uptrBeJIn TOMy,qTO eCJM EaqaJre
snfi cranu 1270 qerosex. 70-x n. 600 rbrcflq qeroBer yuorpeb:ralu repoun
PyusrxuR. I4e-aa uaaogueuzR norn6.nu 40 qe- u 11 uurnuonog xyptrntr Maptrxyasy,To It fionqy
AecE{trJIorEt arn qu(ppr'ryBottrqtrrucb Ao 725 rll.'
JI O BEK.
cnu (repoua) u 45 uzlnnoror (uapuxyaua) -
Hoa6w 7991 e.
(Dnrsrnnsbl. Bo npenr rafrQyEa'BrISBaBtle- Itaxqni ron g CItrA yMxpaer no BtrEe (qyMso-
qenoBex. B Eolone
ro saBoAEeEUe' Boero itulrlb 3a troJrqacayToEyntr ro aerbsr onoro 15 TLrcErr
vnclo cueprei troMesbme, Eo rotr(e BblSElBaer
7 rucgs qeJloBel{.
TpeBory.
- t
CDe.[narux rpex MuJIJItroEoB cueprei oAaa z: Tax, n 1989 r. sa-aa snoyfiorpe6nestrt f,ap-
cauu-x oopaeutenbE6]X - rn6enr l3-Jlersei Ho- riornKaMuuors6rn:
'lvu6uicnoi qenovxuOuaipu Casqec.Oga xnra s OPI - 991 qsroBek;
tr cE€coEgou g llraluu - 965 re"rooex;
! ropoAKe Apltepo, aaronlenEoM
rurasrcnuu celeu - 6ypnux trorol(oM BoADr' B AxrJraE u Va;nce - 400;
xauset n xugnoil rpnau. Ha ipororpaipunx, o6o- no (Dpauquu- 318.
rne rrux BcIo Jlatuucnyn Araepany, Ouafipa cro- Hapxorrxn uorybn:ru EeMaro traBecrsrrKnlo-
nT lro Inelo E BoAeII fp'3u B pAABaJrtrEaX CBOefO refr uJ:uyaunalrgofi cpeAbr.Ha rux rexnt eflsa
loua, Ba,r{arat o6louraull. flolroe nperan4elor' aa cuepri fioponfl pon-H-ponraCJrsIIcallpec,rn r
xv Ee MorJruo6uapyrxnrr, nocnoJlbny cBepxy ee rtrraDnlra rovunu <Rolling Stones'r Epafiaua
se 6hrno Bt[Eo Ea-3a 6erosxhlx trnur nepefipbl- nrxosca. Haaosy eqe ,{xeunc ,[xou.rnu. [xnua
Ttrg. Moppncota ua rpyunEr tThe Doorsr, 6apa6an-
flo6paouncl 4o Onaipu, ctracatentr cy erx muii rrvnnu cThe Whoa Heftra Myna, ueue4-
oroaBEsyrL trnrrtr' Eo ocso6oaurr, sa o6rouxos xepa *The Beatlesr Epaiiaua Sncraiua. Hap-
ceaatopa Po6epra
Ee cMorlru.[enouny EartopMtrnu,[ax(e nocraBtrJIE norur!tr cBeJItrB MotnJIy crrna
RatreJlBxtrqy.9ro6tr onacru Ouaipy, rpe6oaa- Iteune4n fiaanga.

&l
CMEPTbEA BOfiHE. H arnu 4anurru, BoaMorfiEo,Ee BcefAa roq.
E6rM,cneAyer go6anurr, uro, no noneftmnMo4oF-
IiaM. Bo BpeNfllropofi urpoaoir aofrRn lorr6lo
I4croprri Bunum Srrxapgr flytel{ cripy yJI03- ne 20, a orrolo 27 Mtr,'lJrrrorroBcogercnrx lloleft.
dElx troAcrreroB BLTBeJ TaKyIo q[Qpy: Bo BpeME Itpouo roro, BcnoMEuMrr rrcr;rpraAqarB c troJro-
aofia, npoucmegmux c 1700 no 1990 r. uoru6;ru BnEot TErc.sqcoBercl{nxcongar, y6urux ua aoE-
101552 rHcssa qeJroBefi.IIpu arou oRoJIotro- ne r A{ranncrase. Coorsercrsesso qtrcro ro-
ronnurr (47 uun.ruonoa) ?fieprB- MIrpEbIe rn6nrux so BceM Mrpe B pe3y,'rrTarerotn, upo.
re:ru, Cyrqecrnyer retrAeuqtrfln yBeJruqctrEro'HIr- Be4eunoeB. Snxap4rorrl,cJreAyerranrxe yBettr-
trpo-
qenra rz6nyqero rpatr(Aaucroro Eaceresutr tro qurr sa 7 c nEtrrHuMMtrrJrnosoB.
cpaBrreEIIIoc EetrocpeAcrBeEE6rlrE yqacrEuftaMrr It coxa"renuro, Eorga Mr,r otreptrpyeMTanfi{x
aoerghrx leicrsut. orpoMEBrMtrqtrQpaMtr,orcrynaror B TeEb t(oE-
Itonnpernsnpyeu oru Aaurhre. KperEhrexnBEtr RoEr{perrrErx rroAeft, ItatnAat rd
Bo apeun oropot uuporofr soiisBr rorlKo a Koropbrx Aparoqenua 6ea uepu, n6o ue nocnpo-
oAEoM ftonqJrarepe* Ocrexqurr.reEaqucrauu, tro trsBOArrMa EUrAeU EUr{OrAa,
pa3rrrrur,rM oqeEr{aM,6ulo y6nro or troayropa Ho ranosa y?t( Eama quBnntrBaqtrE - ona EE-
Ao qerbrpex MrlrrlrosoB qeJroBeK, uaannu o6pa- ftafi Ee Moxer o6oirrncr 6ea aofis. I4 orn npo-
3 OM eB peeB. AO;I,I{arOTCff,nptrEoCE BCe EOBr.re tr EOBbre )*epTBEr.
B Haru6ogareBo BpeMErpa*4anonofi aofiur,r Boiua r Ilepcu4cnoM3aJrtrBe s saqare 1991 r.
'1,975-1978 rr. norn6;rn 250 rncsq Boennocny- npEsecra coroaEul{aMno aETanpanc(ofi xoa a-
;xaqux u 750 rucss trpocrbrx rparfiEan. B Mo- qEE taxlrc norepu: 145 verorer y6nrrr (r rou
sau6ure (1981-1989 u.) xa 50 rucau y6arnrx qncne 95 auepunanqer), 58 roeuuocryxarqux
BoeEE6rxupnmnocr 365 rrrosq uoru6mux rpax- CIIIA roru6:ru nxe paironon 6oerrrx geficrarfi,
AascRExrtrq. B Hurepnn Mexgy 1967-1970 rr. Eo Bo Bperrr roiirrr (qnx cpaBsexufi: Bo Bber-
noTeptr oRaSaJIucB paBE6r- B aeMJIIoJIeIJIOnO saMcroi soiise CIII A trorep.srrx57685 qerorex
rrtrn.rnoEy rex tr Apyrtrx, Oco6esHoMuoro Mup- y6uruur). V anr;ruqau noru6nu 25 qenoBel{z
s6rx xurereft ru6ser ao apelra roitr, nptrrrtrEa 12 upona:ru 6eg secrn. f,Iorepu tr4panaqaMEoro
Horoplrx(poercn B penurnoanoM (pauarzalrenrn cepbeaEee.IIo oqeunarrlcayAoBcnrx EcrorrsufioB,
MemlaqlouaJrbf,ofi rpaxge. Ogro ua peprrx uc- o xoge aoftnu rorn6ro uru paneEoAo 100 rHcaq
nrnqexui - uocnegnxn rofina Mexny lIpaEoM z trpafiqeB, Tofo ?r(eMHeEnff trpnAeprr(trBanTc.Fu
I{panou, nor.4atroreprr apuur coctaonln 900 rrr- aMepufiaEcftEe BoeEE6re ctrequartrcrbrr a Box
cgq qenoBeR,a troreptr cpeAE utrpEoro tracere- (fpanqyscnrfi soesnarfi ancrepr tronnoBrtrI(B or-
sns - 100 rncss. Bo Bpeun rpax(AaEcliofirofisn crarre ?Itau-Jlyr flro{yp yrnepxgaer, sro Tro.
s l0rocragru trpu ocageropo4a Bynonapa noru6- ru6;ro 150 rbrcnq trpafirloB.
Jro onoJroTHctqtr qeJroBel(,n3 Hnx qerBeptb co-
craBJrsJrExof,qrrnbr. Boersrle geficrntn ltyp4-
cnofi pa6ovefi traprtrn trporuB Typeqfitrr Boopy.
rr{errr,rx cxJI n 1984*{991 rr. nprnerr x ru6e. CTTEPTb
B APMITdB }TIIPEOEBPEM'.
nr 4 tHcgq q6:ronex,6oJtrnancrno a3 r(oroprlx *
unpEBre,r(nren[. Octanorxu depeqtrcnerue trplr-
uepon, u6o reEAeEqEsEalrtrqo. O{nqua;rrxan crartrcrrrfta crrreprefia Boopy-
9rcno norn6mnx nocne 1917 t- B BofiEar xesurrx Cunax 6rrsmero CCCP scerla 6w,ra sa-
rparngal Poccru (CCCP), do [aEsBIMupo{ecco- cexpetleua,Eo, tro AaHEf,rM ltouutera coJl[arcr@t
pa lI. A. f{yprauona,raxoro (qurfpx trpuBoxnrcn ruarepeii (ua 1990 r.), exeAEeBEos Cogercxof
oItDvI"IgEno, :
'ipaxAa"ctru" Apuun ru6rer 20 roennoc:ryxaqux (cor4ar).
oofina (t917-1921) - 3 un:r- finn cparueunn: B roA6r BofiElr n Atfranucrane
JltroEa: TaM nat{ABrfi Aers norr6a:ru 4 cosercH[x cor-
ooitrqupotaniDnnJltu[nu(1918)- S0rncau; IaTa,
r Banrnfioxux crpaa (1918-1919)- Cpe4u r;rarnefimtrx trpEqEEru6e"rr contrat -
110 rucnv; BoensBre naracrpo{n.,{o ue4anueroBpeMelr!oBtr
r flonrmn ({920) - 600 rucau; rrqareJrLfiocr{p6rBaJltcb.Telr qe llesee sa Saua-
r lpyaur (lS2l-19221 - 20 rncnv; Ae cBeIeEtrff o IIII r nalrcit apnru nueJlficb.
) flnosun ({928-1931) -30 rwcau; Auepnxarcxuft xr!?EaJrncr [xeirlrc O6epr gaxe
r lfo:rrmn (1939)- 3 rrlcart; EatrEcaJrqeJlyn REtrry- <PactialrrsalI coBerenne
n @zurxngnn(f939) - 400 rucnq; naracrpo(fr,r>. Bor uecrio;rrro ([axrou ae arofr
Bropas uupolan noftna (1941-t945) - pa6orrr.
20 Mr,r:trosor (no yrrepxgennroH. C. Xpy- 31 anrycra {974 r. ecragpensblfi Mzaonoceq
q e n a ). roraamuufil, conepmatlloxog n 9eprou uope.

30
D3-O-pBarcq
rr 3irrorr).1. Iiurrln;a H! c ,llt r r,rBi).1it .ru 105 qe:onen. 20 l: nnx trofn6_T[r,Brr3Bptrqt
/+00 le. t 0le t t . 1t.l ttlI\. tt0 - fitr .llt\1 o Il\' . HIIfiL 0 Itc l cl , l ti l Iapo]10 H a i _i l Magoceu uLl apl trrr.a> tr;t
cl l ac c t . I l pt);{p oi l i Jecrl re H c ti of o \-B t}Jl ,IJt}Itur lil 6t,pci .
' l ll rra rr 11 18 1+ r'. :r O t ' lc por r opc r t . r r il Boef l{ r o- (rropr Xaiidru) .
uopc rioii 6ir;r, (icrr'prror o !b.ro ril lp1)rr:,rolr.ril r(', rill
ceplttr Il3pbrtroll. l,rnJu ) r ll.l f()?xt,Itt,t cli.rill{Ir op\'-
i l i l lr u a o('rrllrrlirtrru ( r ' r ol ' r r r t , : r e iE0 ir ar ic ' r
( 3 t\r.rur' rj()r;1 )\t). lo r ' r r i. r n : ( lll B{ , ( , lr r ) ( . r } li ' (llltiPlL I t p E 3 }, . . t L t . A , l . EA B A p l l n I l I i - \ . I . \ L t . p {J O .
r q n_\ .
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ri i t rit crpo4r(' u o.l.lr, IilL, lt . Lt : iior ' o r ii) polt r J pt ll
Iiat coo,julrr.to B tioulll ctsltlillH lllxrt r
' $ 1r1;111irp rr IllSi r. l,,.r r r r r r r , t ii lr ' , , t . t oHU Cu- ,,.
I l l B r , - l l r . ( , r , U p ''r : i . '; l , p u . r , ; r i e t r i l H u l r : r , i , , 1 . . r *, , r
I l o .lt cl p)\ ll),r ]lil irrrM.lr u( pil, l\ ' r r i( , I loc . t e 83, 1e1il
illlrlllu r r i l r a c r p o {t r i t 6 H \ | : 7 l i t ) T L l c r t r l q t , . t {l
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ulr. Ilolpo6veu p i l t J u i r i l l l . ! , r r r . J r {r r r l r | ) . u l o r t o
' l o u).
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tJ,,lrI I I 11 3Ct\lr,l\ lltl]t \ ' ] t lI I I I u\ c . t ) ' ilac B 3t I I o-
c . - l e. 1lrecap oIIl lll)()llrou r o. l lt c r J Bu' f c I iI I \ r t Ac l. , l\ .
p i l crroJo?r ilrirr,r\ rj co.rri ir r , o I ) or oc llonr i ( ( I ( ) ( l) P) .
l l r rraiip, r 1 1ll)l r'. v rl r r ill ' 1' - 72, c r or nlt r c r o B l[rr g,ri]111g111,.arlrolro6n..rr, - ci_irrl-l]r olrrc
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5oc;tllrtc lltrrriit. )';11pluttt trotuit otpottllrii cttltr,r p r '. 't r , . f a t i . I C C ( l l ' r o ; r r , r i o u 1 1 ) 8 1 1r . . B p 0 j Y J r , _
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ri 'rri i rrr, r. ll . r r , . r ; [ . r , r r l t t Iir r r r ,r Jr r r ir l .r ,l,lt, i, L I \lootina - 13oporreai-- l,ocror a urolr oij rr.,r r, <iliu,
c Il ,i '. l, rr'r r' \ ,t,r'ti \I|' I' ijr .( t| r , ( lu illttt. o c- l\,/ll.r. o i r A , l H , r o , ; t r , . I . l i l l / l t . t B t i r , . . t ( , c of p \ . i , , .
li r.i tL t brf lJ lirour{,il,t tt lce cr r clco iittt,t. tllr q e trrrrir-jl[4JI-l3jJ. Ha 6,,prr tii,r,,p,,ro rirxuA!1.lrll,
EC ef ti c,r\r,!\'l iirtt, r | | ) ,ir tiir .r tr ltt ttu JT .] , - lBe 0oLInlt c Il riorrllpt.ccop. I[orepas
Ba eT c o. 1: ( i r i TaIi l t i ] l l r,tBiltva t ( Ae .ll) 8 It{ lt tr t > . -ropnrtutrl
)'rrptn;terr'Ie. l]Il .iI-1 3J Bbrctioen,,r ua Ecrp0rru.\,r()
( l l {} 8S r' . olt,r(tcrR(,rrr{il r r r pt c c a lc c r pr r r no; 1o6-
rro,;r0cy. B rrolreHT, yAapa rioMrrpeccop.
copBilB-
tt t r t ttrr ci' U' itu crrt|,rrrrr. l,lr nur or lt c . t \ ' |l||t c l. ljJ t - lrrIcL c trecTa.^upo6t.'r o;1uv rr;6o.ren. rr roprotlptl
r r u . \ apF cr'\'1 .r,'t l. c.,0 c l_r llt c lt ht \ . ie. i t r r t : t t t t s r l Ucnrn,\Hy,rro. Co,leprfi Moe 6olxl, nr, rlecul.B_
tl p u rrrrH)). Tiiii. ll rrro.re 1 991 r . . ; 1uor pr . l{ ) Br , r \ Do- rrrrcr, t.llrar]Tcri[]r 0arie.r{)u I]apy?I{\.. BJrere-,r{J
Ilrrciiori rtircrr. pactto.to;rir'turoii tto;1 )-.Lr,lrtrol- r]
t - a . t ', t t _ . a o r u , i ; c a lt r\r,tUpn[r Hit\,,.1 .
cIi011. ocTiiDIIa 1t('c't,) cli,talla, EolII-tlI u Iiapay..tL_ "llr;np5c".
. ''r c t , , r U t t i l c C a a i t I p O B . ( J t 0 l , I l t t r r , t r o t ) U o , r x B i r . t l t
IIOe lIOMeTIIOflUe tI U3 iiBTOllitToB pnccTpe.t'|,.tlr .
iirro6l'c. u i{i .Jo.[oseri. B roM rrrrc.ir(]T gercii.
10 qeroner, or;ItJ\aBir{x fr:,,
lJoc.rrec eubl c lrocroB. pe'lrt Ba irBo. Erue rpoe cKoE,lu.Jrucb
tro3ll'eo {r.
N{nolo,tc.'ti,lc,1ccli}tx irilrgEer or.IIrr{alor tlo- ]]0.:r! qeHF6lX OHiOTOB.
euflLte J'qoHIIt lr ItpIt 01oll,'leI]ua L. B03tlOt+iHblll .qpyfaE ucToprrfl 11por]30
,jlil| o ttorrrl"d)eBpa.ra
199I r. .\erorilc ..tpu,
lroeHrrbrlr 1r-.iicrnrrl:rr.,,\ rrepnritrrrcnrre noiicria, c0- l ,)/uD . Ii oropb,]| lB et focrr,i i rtr ru1r1;,[r. 111gI I,
c pc,r{oT0 r}eulJt,to Ir j)ill-loEc lIeltcLr;lcrioro 3a.1uBa. c
M ocra B peqft): I4x (E aurruprrn). JIex rra
u u rl ' cra 199 0 l1) rrilrra iro lr r napn 1991 r . B x oAe l el i
' i H J C T O , l l r K p c u u t i . 't T 0 H e I I p r , . l u \ I J r , A . I t L , L , T
rroAl'oToBrix oltcpatlxrr <Il{rrr n5cretattl B pe3lJrb- \': U p a 6 u J i Z l a c c a n i u p o B a a r t 6 y c J ( . h u u q . . t u c L ,
l.aIe pa3Eor0 poll uecqacTrrhr\ c.-IJ'rraetsnoTepE_ ga 11ecTe...

40
Bce ro . : a r epr oA c 1 9 7 1 n o 1 9 9 1 r, s C C C P s i]rr.rrrrroe. H" noporaxI penntr:ra aea .rnn, 2i -
pcsy.rl6TaTeAopoxiH0-TpaHcnoprlrbr\npolrclneor- 26 leria6pr 1990 r'., rrorrr6.'rrr 2fi qe;rorex.Cro,rr
snii uorrr6,ro oxo,ro lrl.r.rl{ona ncJole}i. flpu lrolr Bbrcor,'arr,](..trr ne6o,lr,rloiic rpatrsrirnapliirrocrt,--
rrarqc Bcero lorrr6artr BoArrro;r[ 37,./rnpotlcnra, IleSyilr)TaTi\raccoRof0BbleJAiltrii lopo[or] B ce"Ib-
ilareu c,:relyror racca;+irrpbr- ill,7 rrporlenra u oFrre pauollr)r rril ltcpnoll JX)rij{ecTBelrclirr_\ rrpa3-
26.5 rpoqerrra - ilcrxeroAbr (nannrre ;ra l1)8!l r.) ;1urrrol. Iipotrc roro, rron6pr,r oco6erruogcriar6pl
Jlo.;rluroerioJlryccrno ?firprn llprrHocflr aBaprrrl B l i B l l nIc U c0c,tl ti t|cl | n| oB o;fi ]l i rt(,tC rr rr,rusoi i nrr-
anro6r'cuB. Iipynnciirrralr attroriilractporlra latioto r'0.r(otI, ctlo;t.tIhtII ilnltooiltlll, I,oJ0"-IClIlttctr u I]po-
po Aa n p or laolr , ' r a1r as r l c l l 1 1 1 { l ll ' . B i } rrrr6 a 6 s c . ' tI\t| r (l ,i i Iop;l \l . | r..rti o yE cJl tt' ta,rroul tIMtt tau.
. \ s ro 6 tc. r or opr r ir er ' . r;ro rc i i :,' rro i i n o c l l c IIo p - cbr lollureirerr ua rrepeeilAn:arpo6nuii unp. Tar,
TnBHOTOtrpa3Arrlha, I]epeBepH].r10'l Ha IroBopore lr oArrrr li] gcria6pr,crux arreii 1989 r.. rrlrcJroeB-
lopuoii lopour. trh 1()0 naccaainpor aaro6yca rro- polciiqeB, rroru6u]'tx rl aBTorpaccaxIl ropo'qcKx\
ru6.'rrr 8li urrioJbnllia rr 4 rrpcrroqaratc.-'rl,flo r' ,rrrr1i rt, 4ocr rrr,ro | 1 l .
c.[oaaNI ocTaBlllr\cfl ]t ailtBbl-\ ut IioJIbrlrllioBj vrtlt- 3a i)3 ro;1a cyrlccrBoaaErrl ltoporrciicrioro
Teirtr IEatriAbr ]rp(.;(ylrpciriaa.rrx BOAr.rreJg o 1or{.i ccro6tqccrla Ha lopofar BroAlrqlrx B rrero crpaa
'lTo na,fo cHo:ull b criopocrb. r)fHdtio tuodep-JIU- ttoru6,rlo nprlMepuo 2 ltt;rluorra rrcJoBeli.
xarr rrruoprrpoBal nr o6parqenlrn. B 1990 r. vlrc;lo .rrrc1cii.uoru6urrrx Blecb B tro-
llccrt,ii ltl9l r. Tauiricpc (A;rxurp) anro6vc polriHo-rparrctloprrrrn\ JrporrcrlrccrBtlrrx (jITII).
ctr) !lifll.rctr 0 .tellioBhltl agtolto6tl;tctI lI c cocraBtrJo 50 rlrcl,r. IIo truenrro aticJteDToB.
-vl]a,:I
) ro cra rt pc r ill, B pe3y . rL T a rc' rc ro n o u r6 J u 4 1 r' re - ' i vtru euponci i uurral i ;+ i ' . nr r\rar(..tbI| btsa A opr,.
. 10 Be ti a . Iox. haH l l i ureJl l t (l l l l .\. ' rrrcl ru.rnra.ruaurxl rc_ro-
flo cratucruxe, traAerrneB logy [.rr[ aBTotro- Aots .ylreu6ruI{Jrocr,6u rra 20 Tlrcrrr B roA.
5lt;rucrog Fe Menee onacgo. treM cro"'rIiHoBeIrIre t cirr.r B3Erb crarr{crr{riy o;luoro roga (1989),
o ,qpyrltl t MaIIrrEaMIr. Tari, n foir;ranlru n To clteprrr rro crpaHarr EC pacnpe4e.lxrcrcl rari:
1967 r. ra;: 1038 solrre;reii. cRallutsurrr-\cru ria- IJe;rrtro6prrra uu l - i423 rrorrr6rrrnx. ljc.'rnufl -
Ha.l, 78 .reJronefi.B Allcrepnauc 6u,:tu 197i1, flrrgcp;ran4ur- 1/+56. l],an'l'a-7i4.
-yroHyJo rD l ,f
Aatne oTHpr,rTbr ctrcqrraJlbrrrrro riypcbr [J'r Bo]lnTc- - ;!9i . ,1roncr,v' i vpr- ri 7. l ' perl rrn_ 1C 02.
"ret, r.Ie yqn,'ll{, r{aN nocr}'rarb Ilplt rra,qeHurrll 14ra.rrrn- 701l . 14cnannl - l rJJ3. l l onrvra-
KAEAJ. ;rrn - J067. Opaurl un - | | 17i . 14prrarprrr-
B paarnrux crpana\ oco6eHrlocrpaurrbl aBa- 477. llo crenesu olacuocru (r. e. uo qI,tcrv rro-
pr{rr Ea cnopocrflux antoiianax, rAe trprr orpo}!- rui urrrx sa raxaure 100 rrl tr.rron(,8 rur.rol rerpor
Ebrx cnopocrlx u 6o.,rr,moii nJornocrrr ABrrxeHrrfi upo6era rpaucloprnur cpegcrt) .'rn4npyror fpe-
croJIXEOBeRrreAByX }IatnIIU saSaclyr0 trprrBOAIrT l1nr, tr4cnannn u flopryrarua. Meu;rue, veu n
n rlenuoii pcafiqntl - troc.rtcAyroxlei\lycroJl]inoBr]- Ap-vr[x crpanax EC. olacnocrr n.ll rogurereii I
HnIo [ecflTrioB asrolto6nrreii tr ncna6exsult fleIrrexonoBn Belurio6pnraunu, I{u,qeplasgax r
;rieprBarr. IloAo6sue aBaprlIr B Erpone necrlra o Pt'.
q ac TbL Canan onacnaq A.rrgflerrlcxoAoBcrpaua - I{y-
(DPl. r,r1c xpe-
,{arne n rarioii crpane. riafi sefir*: Ha ulr.rrJluou;racerenr,rr 3Aecb nprrxorrrr-
rifa cEb re J lop{ r r r r . a a ru rt0 6 tt.ttr. cn 349 cl rcpre.rrqbrx c.r)' sceB .ceararrnux c ,1n-
o'reEr, cTporrrc rpeooBaHrra - J ame q a ro ri .rb Hhlo
Bbrrlo.'IHeEurc [pa- polHHo-TpascnoprEbrrrlrnpoucruecrsuqlru. Mesa-
nr r.r 6 e a o nac Roc r lt, lB rl r{ e H u fl rt a tl c rti tti i ti o e r- rue Bcero fleurexo,qoBrrl6qer s Isare]raJre - 1J
Po, t h : lI pr ' f l { H O l l n o . l t l q l l ll. lta iN- lb tll r ta c tlir Ao p o - cMepreii Ha Mrrir"rrrroH Hace,trcrr{[. B CII]A ana-
rax uorl6aer oArrrr rre.rIoBeri. ll 1970-r rt'. er{e- .roruqwarr qfiq]pa paBErrercs 187, n CCCP - 183.
ro[Eo 3,nccr,loru6a.'ro 0,03 nporleura or qrrc;1a Cpenu no4ure.rerl qaule Bcero trorn6aror asro-
;Hrtre.neii. llounan riar{rraHtrfl aa 6eaotracrocrr, ;rrc6nreln B Rolpacrc or 18 4o 24 .rrcr: cuepr-
-18[ lHe8t rf f. ] ; d i o c T ' i P H llc
T n \Hlt,l( ' Ctill\ rpe6oaa- nocrb R AopoTr{Hsrx xaracrpo(rax y Itoii noapacr-
uuri nputern ri cHlr*ieHrrro.ruc;ta xeprr. Ii qrrd- HOrr Ka?elopurr lopaSAo IlrJltne,,rct\r {}T paria.
nar oro Br,rr.lrrnrrrrax: 1970 r.- norrrn 20 rrr- Ilpllvnnoii 1116earnrrx auapuii vacro 6uraer
csq o rur 6r uux .1980 r' .- 1 3 rH c n q . 1 9 8 7 r.* a,roylorpe6;renue aJrl{oro.'reMrr JetiapcrBaMrr,
7973 clrepre.'rruux crryqafl B pe3yJrrrrareAopoxi- oco6esno rpaEI{BuJrI,IBaropalrrr. .\rra.,rrra rpoaz
HO-TpaHCnOprHbrx trporrcrlrecrBrrrr. l l 7 reraccnrx eonure,rei i . norrr' i rrrrrt B :l rl pol m-
Itaxqaa nropax aBaplrrr co cr{epreirbHr,r\r r'rc- rrbrr aBapl{flx. floltaga,[, qro 10 nporlcntos ua
rololr a 6oltruuncrBe pa3rflTr,rx crpan lioporrr,r sr.rxYnorpe6llJtu ceAyficen,lna;rorl.rHbre o6cre-
oJlyyaercfl n cy66ory uJIf tlocnpeceHhe.Ho ocu- [oBaHrrl B llopneurr troHaJit;ll.l,uro 20 npoqeu-
6cnao lruoro aaro"lro6Dre,reiirr16rrers KoHrlorr-
,{a u B uaqare aurycra (rteplo4 }raccoBblr orl\rc-
rion). Haupnuep, roJrblio 3a ncpBbre rplr rns aB- * IaHlHe 1990 t., ;aperrcrpnpota ll
A O nOi E 6I
rvcra 1991 r'. s tr{cnaHllt nor[6;ru 55 agroNo- B J- AT N BE.

4l
roB nocTpaAaBmnxBoAnTereft yqoTpe6rsnu ce- ArraroEanbEoro pe Es, qo ee yAepxiuBaeT trol]e_
,qyrtceu E 50 nporlenroo- aJrr{oroJrl.B CCCP pevurrfi peuenl, noaroMy oua ntrrrrb yAaprtercn
22,I rpoqeur [opox(Eo-?pancnoprEbrxtrpotrcme- roroBoi o trepeAxee cnAexbe. Ha gO-n MuJrrtrce-
crBEfi trpoucxoatrTtro BtrueEerpe3Bbtxlogure;1efi. Kys4e roIoBa BoAu?eJlfl cEoBa oTJreTaer Ea3atr.
Ilpar4a, n cpeArrtronaBrrruxtroA noneca tre exo- a roJro8aJr(eHrqtrsH eqo upoAonxaeT
nBtrraT6cfl
noa 6ur nrxa xaxAr,rft n.srr,rfi. B 1988 r. sa co- BoepeA. UEtr cTaJll(uBarcTcgtnoAroJroBEtrKne B
Bercrux Aoporax noru6ru 9098 EerpeaB6rxtreure- cocrosauu cMrrstrTb yAap. Ha flBLrNetrEXeHepoB
xoAa, B 1989 r.- 7767t. a?o Eas6rBaeTcn (yAapoM AByX npoqEbrx TeJr ura_
O6rqecrno rexnr,rqecfioror(oETDonsPeiscftoi ponugnoi lpopurrl. Xyxe ue 6r,rsaer... Vepes
o6racru s ttenlne (OPf) upouarerouctrbrraEun, 100 uullucexyaA, EnE oAay Aecrryro
Kotophre trosBoJr[Jrtrc ToqEocTbX)Ao utrrnuce- Bce fioEqeso. Bce naccamnprr B MarxtrEe"unyrg"r,troJul(rrhr
xyu4 aa(puxczpoBarb,trro trpotrcxoAur c lacca- 6u"6lrln noru6nyrl, xpolle rpexlerueu
AeBoq-
mupauu anrouo6unt, B noropoM egyr 5 uenoaen firrI roj.
(oreq, uart u rpoo gerefi), trpu cronxEoBeEstrc HeMaro rasecrsux trn4ei Bcrpertrnacrr co
Ipyrofi aDrouauusoi ua cnopocru 9.e xulguer- cueprbK) Ea Ronecax. AruxaE, cblq rnaBbr cel{rbr
poE B qac. EcMatrJrrroB! oAEo BpeMfl pyxotoqramui naneo-
Eauuep npeaaercnr 6allnep, cenysAoMepEa- TEEcxoft Aeneraqueft r OOH, lrtrnJrtroEep (xopon!
lrtrgaer orcstrTlrBarb BpeMff.9epea coryro 4orlo r;rei6oesl, HaK Eaa6rEaJIaero trpecca,
uocle og-
celrysAhr cpa6arunaer anro6:roxuponna peuxefr noft 6ypuo upore4ernofi sosr sa csoefi rosoquoii
6eaoracsocru. H arouy uouerey aarorao6znnynre Ma[EEs Mapfitr aoeppaptrr Bpeaancr B
AepeBoB
{yxoporurucr,D ra 30 cauruuerpoa. 9epea byJoEcKoM lecy a llaprxe. Paebnlcs Ea
Moro-
40 raua;rrceryu4 MartrtrEae[Ie rpoAonxaer ABu- qur(Jrs aE&ueEtrrr,lfi (fparqyacxufi xounx Lto,rmrn
rarbcff Btrepen co cnopocrbxr 40 xurouetpon a ((DtrntrtrtrEoxxuo), B aarovo6[rlshrx aBaDtrrx
!Iac, a nacoat(trpn - c rrepBonasanbEoftclto- uorn6lu ranxe 6uamnfr lpeqce4are;rr pycixoro
poorrto. Pewz 6eaolacaocrr yleptfirBaror rex, oorqeBotrEcKoro cotola reEepan-nefiresanr (Deroo
IITO trpUCTeIEyT,OCTaJrbEb,re ?fie ytrEparorcs Ro- 4'6paMoB, (ppauqyacxni trucareJ'rl All6eo ltaurr-
JToEEME B cnuutty nepegEero ctrAeEbn.lpyqsofr v"r_eu UK I{ICC, uepruL cexperapr
po6eEott BAaBnuBaercsB nopatrEy. 9epea narr -flonur6ropo Eenopyccun
IlIt ltoranaprql Ilerp Mamep&,
corf,rx cor{yxArt asroMo6nrr, ynoporuncfl Ea trpeAceAarenr,Corera uuuzcrpoo fpyaun
3. IIa-
60_caurnuerpon,yqacrs[nn aBaputrrryBcrByror TaprAse, coBercrnfi xoxneucr, seoAsoxpatssrft
cs6t 6ones uJrtrMeneecnocuo. flun Harpygxtr Ea qeMtruon *rupa Balepzfi Xap:raMos, Bparapt
peuan 6esonacnocrnyxe MuEoBan,nonepeuur,rfr
$yr6orrxofi fioMasAbr{CI{A Maxaz.n Ener*ar.
peMeal orqa DbrAeprxanEarpyar{y n 5 nu:rour,lo- poft-My3brKasr Bnxrop Ilot, :rngep rpyar"cnoro
rosoB, trpoqe roBopfi,B IIoJrToEELr, d.[UdroE&Jrb- H-aqEoEaJrbEo-ocBo6opurenrroro gauxexux Mepa6
t6rfi peMenr,- 7 xnronrbroson, B xy4meu ony- It_ocrasa.aMeptrRaucfianacrpaAEaff
nrra
rae BoArmeJrr, nor cJroMarrrKJrnsIrqy lrlu pc6po. Manc{u.lrg, trpeMlep-MtrsucrpPecny6lunu fixlrn }tup-
Yepea 70 Mr{JrJrrrcefiyuA BserflEe Bce saM€pJro. rsracrauHacupguu I4casos,
bjlaro,4apfl Ry3oBy, paccrruTaEEoMyHa ctrnhEoe AsroMo6z$ saAaBtrntrctraEcxoroapxurel(To-
clrtatxe, amtrEa yxoporunacb sa 70 casruller- pa Anrouzo laylu. llranuu rancuciou 6ula
pon, xa6uua ocrauoBunacb,a Eaxo[tquecn B c6ura Mapraper Mnrue.n,
arrop pouaaa <Vre-
uefi lrogn - trorta Eer. Ma",nvun, Ee trplrcrerEy- cepErre BerpoMt. Cuept or (qerErpexnorecuoro
ruft peunrnz, lerur ro;ronoiiluepeA cryxaerc, Apyra} upn{snE
Ae"tr 3HaMOEtrTOft TaEqoBqEqLr
o lpz6opuyro rocriy u BerpoBoecrexro. Ero or- Aftcegopu a noror{ rr p_EaoAMa.
qa 6pocu,rosa tro,rlrerpaurepeg..Tlauoot(a3a.rocrJ ,{yxnau,
B onacsol 6.rnrocru or p]JE, Eo. K crtacr],ro, cro
oapaEr{anerFo Aegop}rrrpyercr, k ToMv ;Kc B
qeE?peora lrnrrian. llo B JTor MoMesreMy sa cMEPTb HA AOPOTAX, .
ctrEEy EaBaJIUBaeTCfl CBOITM TeJIOM}fieEa, BAaBIE_ 'r(nJrESHhIX
las ero B z 6ea roro ryro uarxuyrnfi peMenb c
canofi, B ABaAr{arb paa trpeBhrrrraorqeii ee co6cr- flcaxo;rorus lrggeft rarora, qro ,{eJre3Eoro-
aearufi_rec, to ecrl npn6.lualrre.lrlrHD B oAEy polnuofo TpaEcnopTaMbr.
KaI{ trpaBzno, otracaeM_
rouuy, Pe6pa ee cynllyra .rroMarorc, olno aa cr Merbrne ncero. Ouopa
Ea ?BepAErepeJr6cr,t,Me-
ApyrtrM... C unageuqeu B liop3trEx€ unqero 6rr raunn'recxufr ftoptryc Baroaa ftalr(yrcff saM
Ee cnyqtrnocB, ec.llr 6sr rre nrpyue.rnrrft rpyao- AG.
craroqnofi aaqurofi-or palJrnqurlx trpeBparEoc_
BEft, rei(aBrxuii Ea naue,trr aa cnlenlerr: rra 80_ii relt. rvBbI! HaracTpoQbr
II BAecB,qoCraTOqHO qa0-
MEI:I ECeEyEAe rOC.rTeCTo"'rrifi
OBel] nrr ou cpbrBaeT- Toe ltBJIeEEe.Erxero4uo B pa3nbrx perrrouax
cg co cBoero tlecra Ir cJtoBrroxyna.,r4a 6r,er pe_ trpotrcxoAur Mnpa
EecKoJrl,fioAecRrKoBrpynnux xe"rcr_
6esxa uo roloae. .{enouxa Bhrc}iaJr,alrBaer rrc EoAoporr{Ebrx
xaracrpo{. 14 (fenpaln 199{ r. co-

42
qn - upffMo Ea BaroE6r. Sarope':rca ra3 lra trpo-
rneJr c peJII'COBrlaccax(IlpcKlril troe3A' I{ypcEpo-
BaBlruii Melr{Ay uHAuiIcKtrMu ropoAaMlI }tallxyr- 6uroft qlrcrepur,r, tr oroHb oxBaruJr BecB lracca-
ra ra Hrro-Aern. Snenrporos yBnett 3a co6oi 11 xupcnui noe3A. (fl exana E nepBoM BaroHe tr B
sarosor. rlucro :rroqeft, lorn6urx B pe3ynbrate nepBoM nyne,- paccrasblBacT oAsa E3 yqeJreB-
3Toro ltpvlreErs. toxe cocrasuiro 11. lrtrx naccax(upox.- [o ltypcna ocraBaroch Itu-
ti anpeafl 1991 r. na lty6e npousorula rqyu- JroMerpoB70. Blpyr - ygap. Cner norac. florou
lreiimafi Ba rrocJlergt{e 20 ler me;reauogopoxuan 3a orcuou troJlbrxuyJlo rrau.s. IIo Barouy trotroJla
lraracrpotfa. Ha o4uou EB treperoEoB trpoBurlqul{ gr,ru. fl nalr,to s pyfiu tr-K nlrxogy. Coce4u -
Burra-It.rapa oo[reJr c peJlbcoB u trepoBep^EJJIcE 3a usot.qepea par6urue oftHa craJrrr Bbltrp6nlr-
naccaxupciui noeag. 57 MeprBbrx nnroc 185, pa- Barb !a cner Apyxue naccar uplr. B tau6ypo aa-
treEr'Ix -'uror arofi anapuu. ltpynrenne 6ulo nJruuuJro oguoro uyrruuxy, ou 6un s orse... Itro-
BIiSBallo IteyAOBIeTBOptrTeiILsbIM TOXEtrtIeCfiUM To BaflJIorueryuurenb tr trotruraJlcg c6nrs n,rareg
cocrorrfiEeM noes4a. He6peNuocrr 6puraAbr, trpo- c secqacrEoro. Ho lesa ue urla. Myxvuna, uox'
nepxnureii cocraB rlepeE BbleaIIoM tra croJrnqbr, tro cltaaarb, noru6 sa EarrlM rJla3ax'.
rrplrBeJla K TOiIy, qro oAEo I13 Xonec' paaoonTaB- Honuqecrso E{eprB B aroft xatacrpoipe - 11.
urucri lla ocu, B Ba".IITJOCI'3a npe[enln penbcoBo- A cauas xpytrEafl aBaptrt Ea x(eJre3EofrAopore
ro tryrr{. 0ro u uptllclo K onpo(qAr'IBaEulo tro- trpouaomna 6 urcug 1981 r. B Irrrare Buxap (I'k-
grx) - o peayJlbraro JlulrltrJrucr tnu3xlr ortoJlo
e3Ita.
74 v'as l99l r. g flnoHnn a3-34 EeuctrpaBEo- 800 qenoser.
crlr Texs[qecftoii cnctelrx cnrdaJltrSalluu Ea Cpepz uarectnrrx nloAefi, noru6uux B xenea-
6onslroii cftopocrr cronnnyrncb ABa traccatxtrp- rroAoporr(Errx raracrpoilax,- @panqyacxuft t'lope-
trJraBareJlr, Irouou-flropaunr, pyccnufi perolro-
cxux noeaga. IIpIr aBaptrrr noru6lz 32 seroBeria'
quouep Apreu (cepreer), coBercl(zfi lioEcrpyn'
9ra taracrpo([ra - e[Ie oAlro cBuAereJlscrBo roro'
}(aK otracHo Bo BCeM IIOJIararBcE Ea raxqtrKy' rop Banepuar 4.6axoscxuil.
9 nloss 1991 r' g flalractase naccaxrpcruft
nosaA Ha trOJIsoMxoAy Bpesancs B XBOCTCTOE-
rnero cocraBa.9ltclo xeprt Aocrtrr"ro Da'
CMDPTh B AB'IATUTACI I'O@A]i.
3{ rorfl 1991 r. a }Oxnoii }tarutpopara
(CIIIA) coueJr c peJrr,coB uaccalr(Gpcrurt noesg'
roru6;rn 7 seroBefi.
15 noa6pn 1991 r. xereasoAopo?r{Eafll(ara- Ha aape anuaqnr auapnu Jrerare,[bunx ar9i-
crpoipa nponaon:ra ua Taiigase. Oguu nacoaNlrp- paroB paccMaTp[BartrcB KaIi EeqTo caMo coooE
cnnii noea[ saAep]I{allctr sa uepee3Ae' sTopor! co- pa3yI{eloqeecg, Annaropalru orauoBl{Jrtrcb cMeJIL-
qaKu, y xolopblx Tflfa fi seu3BcAausoMy trpeBl'r-
cras (roxc naccaxnpcttuir) Ba troJ'lgot cxopocru
a *ero c"agu. Ilorrl6'ro ono16 {0 re- rrJaJIa IrEorIrEI{T caMocoxpanerrnx. flepane cauo-
"o""un"t
.obsex. Jlerbr crporJrtrcb sMtrHpuqecxu' 6e: crporux nayv-
Oco6eHHo crpalrEbr Etere3EoAopox{sble Kara- shlx pacqeroB. Iloceuy - 6o.:t uoe KorsqecrBo
crpoSu, caraaunhle c Bo3roparrunuu ropnqtrx aaapui n l{aracrpod.
BE I ECT B .
il ogsoft na tairnx aaaput ocerr'ro 19{0 r'
il 4 uroux 1989 r. nponsomJr&yrerrxa sa (trpaaflEtrKe aBuaqur) noru6 anuarop JIor
"o"" "u
raSa II3 rasonpoBoAa'npoxoAElqeroBEoJIL'I{ereS- Maquegus. Bot xar otrlrcbrBaer aror orIeBEAeq'
Hoi loporn t Eamroprocrane. CronrlBtllrics s su- ntrcarsnb JIee Vcnencxufr :
gnse ia" B3opBaJrctor uoltpEr' BbrceqeEsoi'irto- <Morop uaqueazuecHoro <{apnaua) (Mapna
JtecaMu, B TOT MOMeET' norAa uuMo cJIeAOBanE cauo:rera.-.4, 1.) nnoal sapeBen 6acfioM' yx(e
orseHsbtil fiorla coJ'IEqe nogru ltocsyJloc6 aeulr. flovepr
,[Ba Bcrpequbrx traccax(rpctiEx noesAa
Brlxpb co crpau;noii cnloii npouecca tro BaroEaM' STOrOtrUiIOla OTrAqaJrcEoT BCer - os JI€TeJrctr(F
-strrAe' tboxycos'
e;J";; o.rs ue 6brro IIoru6nE 575 rofrro, yeepeuao. 6ea xanrx-su6yrr
"; (fiaft tro a€MJI€exarl. Maurusa ero tromJla ga
traocar(trpoB.
22 ne:r.a6pr.1990 r. sa crasuus ErbsnxoDo To, qro B re BpeMeEa cqtrTarocE (BbIcorofr',-
Ee,rroooncxoioorgelesun }Oxsoft xereanoi .qo- Reab TorAa [a'I{e opeAtr aBtraropoB elqe xtuJlo se-
pa3yMHOe, trrrcTErrnTIrBEOetrpeAcTaBJreEtre'rITo
DOrn alettrpoaoa cHoporo naccafiupcfioro troo3Aa qeu 6nuxe caMoJler N 3eMJre' TeM llesbure otrao-
rpeaancn n rpyaonofr cocraB' B xBocre l{oroporo
Or*OgtOt"" qUCTepELI Clnn?fieEuOIO ra3a' OT E OC TE ...
BaphIBa gJreftTpoBoaor6pocuao B cropo- (Oapvas, To, 3aropaflcL 6.ruHaMs nuaroro
yAapa !
Ly.'n" on"o tra coceannx tryrefi...A Do seMy B congqa, ryAen nag Bu6oprctoiI. To, cragoBscb
qepsbrM trpocBerrllBarOIqIIllC[.ry3TOM' trpoenTtrpG'
irro BpeMf cJle[oBaJItracca)Ittrpcrill[troe3A luocfi-
n"-iapsros' IIpn cro:rnaooerxtr ytrana o[tra BaJIcs Ea qtrcroM 3afiare, Ira ipone poSoBLrx Be-
BblcoltoDonbTBoft.nuuuu aJrofitpouepgAa- trepsux o6raqfioB EaE sanuBou. I'I saeaanuo, xor-
u3 otrop
EOnrrcT) rIpnBo[nT c"]el-vnqyn \apalilepltcTnfiy
Se lIJn ' c
IIa . 'H a)Lr l . F a l l o t l T l I o . B IIOl\' ECp CT e OT
it T. t o t l p a r l l , J o l l I , l ( r .. ,rernt tx nportcmectnuii: nptl paiJIoIlo np''llcxo'qnr
FII\ t
. I I i l p a c r lil.lo li 1t npoqcnror anaptlii, npu I]3JCrc - ll llpoucg
1 o IIll) r a ' II tio Ecll
-: O . 1 l l a npotleurttll, llptr ro-
, , rt , ' t t , r. ' R n , r i , , ' I l l l , ' l l ( t tii n llllT ( ) ll aun, t,1r,t tta6olttt ltlcorur.-7
ll' r ' l l( ' T o r (
ntrilorr il,rt)uo lt noJerc -;
'l [poqclrron npI ro-
r t r i r , , p 6 u , r co p Ba lr c 1 1 g g 1 n i1 ( t1 p lr 1 i1 u l
n l p c 6c ; t t t : tlprlqcttra' rpII 3a)io-
tl, Ir ilq e ll llc ;]a t,tc,qytuqutr cttltKeHIIII - 3
tip e n ' - 1 e E_
l l crri() N. ll o I I \ ' , r t l I o c o l I , nocaanc -
nblii na c s o c r t c l I 1 1 c ] l L c . n u Jo r
;re Ha Iroca,rtiy - 1? npoqcltroo, npll
u b lllil' l llJ ila llll_
l{i rrnouerrrol lT. Haliorrctl. npll rprrsollJeIrllrl-
l thl. . . no-
( ) L I Io yr itf 2i rpoqcnros. llo'rttl nologuna naccaln[poB'
f la . rc r t r o r ' t l l o . l c I i i) T o r l) ' llp cr lo r r ll iIallHepoR B
lrrirriur a naracrpo$ar pcalirrlBgr'Ili
rre ra! i l\ t H o r o a p n r c , n e i i ; II Bce - T a lill n o ' - IyB3 Ao ) i:
1981-1990 rr., .llllurlrir!Ich xll3trll B caluoJrerc'
[o.rry Bolt J b , n r , l p l a r t u r r i i c n y llu x, 6 b Ix cr p a lr e H
aITo xJ.rr rlcl{tl r0Topr'tii Bpe3aJctl B 3eMJIIO.
fI crogl v canoro 6apr'epa Il rali.
Ea co"tuua librsaror u [opa3llre;rLi]LIc cil!'rlilll - larlpll-
Rce rpou3oulJro rIorlTll Ilptlrto 4)oHc (;(yrJrac-
tlcpnr,lii crI;lyar BApyr. paclIa.'lctl Ila H0cKOJL]io IoD. c carloJreroll rypel{Koii Iio'\llIaHI{lI
10>, riorAa Ir3-34 rl.loxo 3axpblroro ilrllia Iroroliort
vacreii. Crpelture.rll'Ho'rrrpnHy"l l! Hux rn?rieJLlu ( C i t e I c r B l l o n l 'p ] 'I a [ a A a B I n l l llfl) rl;l
norop, [o{TIr Tari i{{e rloJEtrenocHo.yx(acHo pa3-
B r ) : ! t rXJ ir
qepHIrxL- B b l r f l u \ " l o : : l l 'l e l o B e l , l i r 7 t {e e c ttt
aelJa;ruiirrepa
l{axllBafl pyKa}III' np0He0;'Iact'Ii 3ell"le rrpollc\oAnr na ne6o"lr'tuoii sht
,ro-n uc.nn"ene"tian Srryplia... tr{crioaeprian tmt lt p"rreparcr""arprn
(1'-IllC- aro coSaaer 3IIaqI'ITe,lbnble npo6JeMbI' a llil
CaMO.'leT'cliiIaAhlBittlclr uO IlyTtI' IIaAa"I TO ",,'ro. 10 rucn'r ]terpoB BSpbIBlta'l
ToM 6yMarr), To (IrITonopolI) r'opa3[o lleJIJIeH- Br,rcorax troplraKa
trp]lBoAt{T li foMy, '1To 'rloralorctt
Hee, a eIIIe, orcTaB or Eefo' coBocll EaBepxy Ii - i(eKoMnpecclrfl
.'lloAeii BbrpblBaer BMcc-
llaleslHuii filrorlon' ItpyrtlcL 6apa6auaue trepetroElirr'
xoii-ro se ougrnrrit
''firt Te c KDecJlaUU...
r KyBbrpliaflcb. npo.llo l*{aJr_ cnoe flaaeHIlc } ca-
t orlu. *orA" Bce o cra ,lbHoe 6ut r o na lelt r e> [ l7l' Ocnogsbte Irp[qIIHbI rn6e'trr rpaxlauclinx
Al}Ilit- IOJCTOB B Satlle BpeMt ra]ioBbl: TexEnrlecRue Ec-
Hecuorpn sa MHororulcr'resRble irieprBl'I'
rro;ratrril{, o[lr6nu ['1orog' oruu6titl aBuaAtrclrer-
qllt pa3BtrBa"lact" E HACT!'Irr{.tl I{OMeIIT. HOI'la lll)- potioBble
qepoB. Me )fiAy sa p o IHI'I ii reppopllllnr
arnrucl xolluepvecfitre pericbl. Ha 6opr cano;lerttl
()u"Tera\{u Lr c . r t 'r a i r H o c r t t ( c r o . t t x s o n e n s e c flToqaMo. trotrala'
cralrr rlotrlrlrMarbcF nacca*irrpbr c
, r , , , , o r o , r " r t t r T . 4 . ) . H a c 't e r o m u 6 o r i n u n o r t 't '
coi{a,1eHrl0, alrq uEornx STor 6lt'-ler llpeBpaqa"I- qacrb Bcel
cg B trpotrycli Ea Tor cBeT. Srovy cloco6crnora'utl 3atraAEble sKctreprl'I oruocRr 6o"rsuryn
CAMOJICTOB' TA]i opo""rltucrgtlii He ncerga ourlt6na nuno-
HAfi TEXHUIIECKOE EECOBEPIIIEECTBO
u uarrrfr oIIbIl OpfaEE3aqrrlr Bo3AyrnEor.o nBl{}fto- ra - aro 6ro co6crgensasnlrua'It uenpanu"trxurr
"ar"tt
leiicrB[flM rlo]r(er flo;lTo.'IIiEyrl' Mno]r(ecrBo (pan-
rIIn: AIIcneruepcxofi u [pyrnx c'rry?+(6'
C lepexogolr aBI{aqIrI'I Ha caMo.rrerbl c peali- ToDoB - EaquEafl c EeyAo6goii liolrrorroBl{n NA-
TtrBEbrlttr trBarareJIgMlr maacr,r loru6uyu, B aBIra- 6rinu nurora n riogvar c6nraroqnuu c rolxl'
JIyreluecrBeErIuKoB yIia3aEtrfl MU AtrClercepoB.
naracrpoife y Bo3gynlEbIx
' " B ;t ;l l ; ttpatxl ri r repe' tow r aeapl i i . c' rrl S re-
3BAqUTEJIbHO YMEEI'IIIEJIUCb. UKA'{EM: B HATIA"IC
aBrlaflacca- roe. rI ootlcurealll ll x e CCCP e r;oHuc l{l7o-x-
1960-x rr. BepotrrHorrt, ru6e.rs arn
* "ong cocri,g,rsra 1 na 100 r t t c gq. c c r oar g' I ran"le 1980-x rr. no BIrHe aBua[Ircl]erqepoB'
,"*j ,,ro n"tu"" peaxrlrBEbrMtr .'rainepauu, lrauc 11 anrycra 1979 r,-crorrnoB esne H a B bl co-
Bcrperlrrlctr co cMeprhlo paren 1 na 500 rlrcsu re 8400 uerpor [Byx caMo.'IcroB Ty-134' ru
Terr ne Menee aror trranc Aocraloqno pealhublll' roJrIrfiB rnx peftconlte lloJlerbl' B paiioue [\nenp-
.l l epl K nH cK a. B ce nacca;ri ttpl t l f,l i l tna?+ i tr(l /n
Harrpruep.n {989 r. npou3ou.rlo51 tternoenpo-
.IEJIOBCIT) trOf}IOJIII.
EOUIeCTBI'e c traccaxupcHlrMll HoMMeprlecrilrMtr
12 u:rst 1980 r.-npu 3il\o]e Ea noca:uiy R
gaMoJr€TanII.R fioropblx uorn6rtr 1450 'Ie loneN
ct,,irln1;tcl c lopoii flri-1rO'
c.lyuau tu6e;tlr. cBtt3annbto arpotropry l{yuran6e
(crona ue Bli.-IIorreur'r
;ne- n llrtrtlax n naccaxillphl norllo.'lII.
c reppopr'rcrx{ecxuull axraltu). Bcero
1980-x rr. R aB[anaracrpo(pax e]KeroAHolrorrloa- l i a n r v c r a l 9 R l r '- n p a i i t r n e i l a g t r t l t n c t ; a n a
, 4 0 0 r u e r p o n A n - 2 4 . s b r r '' r r r n e m u i i p c i i -
Jrr B cpeAlreM600 qerosex. " n | q , '1 p
VseJru.res[e B nocJe[Elre 10[6l rrllcxa xaracr- conr,rii rto,'rcr c raccai+(rlpaMIr na 6opry, cro"rti
tIy4olr oc-
cBtl3all(l c pe3lilllr HyJcs c BoeHHblM caMo.lerorl 'l'-v-1[i
norb n coorgerc'rneHrlocMeprell
llo Ta.{actr ;}tllBa 0;IHa naCCai{il'rplia
1'oe"rnveuueu o6'r,clttr aoelvlusrtx ncpeBo3ttli
Rce\r lrrpe. Bor o'rcpelHoii flapalo]ic rexHlltec(o- l 8 ( , r i r n G p f l l l l S I r '- t r p a i l 'r H p a l p o n p o l l a
BC0 r)e3OrIaC- i l i o r r r.rrrotopct;a cro llill].lrlcl' r t ' p t o r ''r \lrr-8 rr
r0 flpofpecca: I]o]r0TLI cTaHOBtTCtl
-n t neiicosutii iarrr' t o r f f l l 4 l l . I l c o r l i r r " c i r i f i u l ) b lt l : r l i l l '
o"o. nn llrtdpitl'tlrc.'ltl noLrr6Irrtt
a6co."trotur,rrt
\B C. l ll t lll B a c T c f l . Italtrr lortr6rtrr.
30 anrlcra ltl8l3 t -- npt{ ija)ioAe Ea rlocaa}iy
l l n o as a. lr r gnpolaB \a p a ti rc p a Brd ri a ra c rp o qr.
trpoxc\(':ltun \ a Ralxe Bpellt, .lotlJOIrCiitlll
(,ltio- croJKEy,'rCE c lopoii, paspyllrnJrcF tr croper ca-

44
u o ,l ..r I I I ij. lx r r na ;+ ; rI fl .rc c a t+ i rtl ' 1nborrn 6 ttt.
cliolr aBroEorrEorronpyre flriyrnrr).
1 1 or ir n6pa 19E 1 +r.-B -\ nor eule recfio.Irrrio cBclli[\ npn]lfpoB
a .? p o n o p ry O rl c fi a
roc,ro rroca;lrilr cToJriHyJct c AIrylI'I saIIpaBotl- i rrrrrrtal acrpotf.
rbnrrr ]rarltrHalrl carlo.'rcr Ty-154. llorn6.'ro 170 l 7 :r,,n' i In l {111(l r nprntt.tta,' i i orl ott
r rr.r-.rirr,'
'rc.rogcn. 0runa;t ocra.1cfl ]tilrB 6;tarolapn c;r5'- lirr rhlc(JTbrHeAalerio or [{roplrxt paa6rrlcx o.tc-
qillrnocrrr - 3ariJlInu,lto ,q8cplr B carloll. cncrrrii cri.'rotr ropbr cilrlo;rcr I)S-1) rioltlastrrt
Ilcc aru riaractpotprr. noaroparo, npoIIsolx.'IrI < .\l i tal i ar. fi pe4rr cl o o6.' rol rri orcrracarc;rIro6-
tro BrrrroaBlIaAuclcrrrepoB.]Io u ua firtJlorar jlc- lapyairr.-ru 16 roru6rrrttx.
?tillr rreur.rrarrAo.xlr]1trflbr. lIcc;renorannc. nponc- 1!l l on6prr 1990 r' . n Ii apari l ' uax rroreprcr
Aossoc cnerlna.:lIIcraMIrtiourraurrll <Eolrurl, no- riaracrpo{ry coBcrotirlii uppro"'rcr lIn-8. rorn6.:rn
riaBarro.rrro [i5 rpoqenron acex .]lerHbrLnpo]lc- 1ir qc.roseri.
.r gona6pl 1990 r' . n Ii erl l r par6n,tcr < E o-
rrre crrrr iin peat ir t t nno i i rp a n c n o p ru o i i a Bl l l l l o rl l c
19;19 uo 1l)8ti r. trporl3oIIIJo n.r-aa olru6oti, co- ttttt'-747 >. Ilrrirr) rr3 lrilccaiRllpoB Ir rI.rIcIroLr 3tilr-
ueplllenIIbII rI. lerIaNlIr rIilrnAtr{eIl ca rloJleToll rrairia uc )'tlo,rrc.ir.
llprlrc;11' npIIlI(!phI polioBLI\ outtr6ori ltl,'toroe. 2i i rtapra 1991 r, yrra.' rcotscrcl i l l i i cal o.l cr
flprrvrruoii raracrpo{u ca}ro.'IeraMD-80 anna- -\rr-21r.c;reAoraourrii peiicort Taurrieqr - llalorr;
rionrrarrrrrr <Northwest airlines), Iioropa.srtpo- na ero 6opry Ha\o;1rrxncl 51r naccaxlpa rr 1r 'r,tr'-
B aervcrc'1987 r. II yHecxa156 rxrllueii.
lr3orTrJla ua 3l i l l I| a',H i t,
6rrro ro. 'tto o6a lnlota aa6r'l.rrrlplrlecrrr n IJ rrar. 1111)tr'. c,rt'^olalurtr'i rt;r IiaHrNotia t,
lciicrenc 3atipbIxIiu rr flpc[Iipbl.n]ilr. ;\ ne,fi' ara []ery <,liorrur'-767rrarcrpuiicrtoii arrIafio]rlAIrIItr
otIepaIlrI{-HeoTl,e}IJe}latl qacTb }'trpaBi]eHrIt <Ja1'ga-liiprr uepe;r 2(l rrlruyr troc.'IeBJ.'tcritpyx-
uo.rerort! !,pyroii rpnuep. B 1972 r. EorrrK) ll Hy.x tl A?riyrr.rrr R 1(i0 riu.'tollcrpa\ ri ccBepo-3il-
paiione (ll.,roptrna- 3nepr:rciilc ptt;6lrlcn trtnpo naly or cro,-IrrI{6rfarr.rartla. Rco 213 ttacca'rtilt-
riorl.,roaerraxnuii caMo"ler L-1011 Iiollrtagllrl por rr 10 !renor Jl i rl rati a l rtttr6.l tr. IIott;tgccr-
<Ea ste rn ait linc s > . u o rn 6 .rrr 1 0 0 q e .ro s e l i . l Ip l t- sr,rii, loasoHuttrruii Bcriopenoc'lc rpafelllll B Berr-
.rlgoii xe 6u.ro ro, qro .rlartro{lia, y}iailblBaIo- criuii alpottopr. cKa3aJ. rITo calro.'ter loLrr6 no
rtran noJoEielllle IltAcclr. Irc SaropeJlacb'Ir nce utU rt6ti o-' i ou6a npc,l narH i t' l Al acL .-ll t i l B Il A ;l rrl l
Ttlrll.,reEa alitlrla il, aa6ltn oit ocra,lrbfloM.yrlt)'- Hepa arreprlnaEctioii rioluattutr <lOuaiire4 ailp-
irrr.rrrct l perueHIIellroii npo6;reur,r' Pacc.:tegola- .'taiinr>. FIo [oJ;1Hec ctrellna.'tttcrrt o6rraplirirr;rtt
ul: 1ln-
nrc naracTpotlru lrolia3aJloiqro Jralltroqfia Bccfo rrojl.ilnHl!'ro rrprlrrrlHyrilraclptrrltlt Oltrn
.'lnlrL taBccro llepctropeJa. Corpaunatlancn n rarc.'teii <<6otrnrat rttc3atlllo <sl6ccu.'lcut n IIa-
(rr('prrolr fl IJIIr'ic) ttarlnro{ortuart 3atrIlcL 6ece;1hl ,ra.r pir5orart, rta pctropc. JlpotIilBo;lt o6partr\'ttt
I]T O IIIIIiT O III] III!I HE ;IiI' l l f ) - l i ari ;ul rop!1o;H tl Il l Irl IIpII Il (tC aA Ii C . l )ro
,.J t lTqI ! f t O B I I O I i A : } h I R A C T I
r l T o 0 T li.ll0 tiIl- lcfl ca llo Jc,l. u a - IIpOl IS Otl l ,rl 0 IIJ-34 rl cl l ctl pi l tl l l ocTl l B cl l TIl l rl - ;l o-
l t ern, I r ilR'loilll.'Iot
r t a. l I lO C T o n ( ' U I I O C r i n ;Iia T tr c' I lt B li0 HIle NCT HIIOB Ti t;l II pa3[tepo\I D ctl IIrIcIl l l hl II l i opoool i
l i ] rran 1901 f. R notl ctl 'I l i i l racrpo(,t'l ri l (:ci I-
B J F rA. l(i t t n l c l l l l l o .
T IJ;+ ic llIo 0 Er
C, ry , t a i i r r t ' t t r t l p t l r t l l tlb l cBo lo r p a - A i r r p c t i o r 'o l t a i i l e p a 'l y 1 5 4 . , t c r c n t t t t l t l t r r ; r ( l v x y -
a Ba p llli .]1 cT a T e ;r b } r b Ir r r l R . i l c n r r n r p a g . t t o r l r i 't t t 1 l 't c , l t i r c t i Bo Rl)tl-
r rrlc c riJ t l{ l , i l c l I T l a c llltco fi
arnaparoti. ? irro.rn t99l r. n paiione Tyru ]tl aa:roAa na noca!Iiy llpII cliopocrll 2El) xn.'ro
lRnrare;lb tioropor')
((JCCP)pa16rr;tctlBepro"-Ierj rlerpoB B,Iac trpltaerr;itBlrlliicn cauo.'tcr ncpe.:rtt-
oTriitita r iril-Ja rl(rIlallitHl{tr rp03oBoIo pa3ptAa; MIrJCtr. \ROCTOBaUIIaCTb OT()pBilJlitcI).
1 l i a r r '1 c r a 1 {) ! 1 1 r '. n l l H , q l r r t t o r t 'p t t c , t t i a r i t -
nrtr.n6;lrr 1il,te r.role ti. fill ttacca-
JJrrr"'rr,'ii pctiup l no r lllc ll t r ionr B B aBI I alia - c r p o r l r y <I i o u n r - 7 3 7 >. l l e c n l x n ; n t t
,..r1,,,'1,,,.r',,,,,ni,1"37 rrapru 1977t r;nr;rae a i l r p o B r t [ j 'I r . l 0 n r , t tl , t i t t l l a ; l i ; l
2 ( i r r o a 6 p l 1 9 1 ) 1 r '. l p t t l l i l r r ) l l ( r I r i r l l ( r ( : l ; 1 l i . Y
laiiottc' l'crrcpttd ta cro J lill) , [ lI c L ; 1Ba aBI I aJ aI I llepa
' , , i;n" , , , '7J7r' ti,"ttta stt ii < llan- I lt epr r lla> lr I { J lll' p a : r 'i t t . t c l t c a r t o . t , r . \ t t _ l . li . t ', 't l t 'P t t t l r n t t t t 'i t p '. t t r ' t t -r'
qe .toe c lia. r oguuounoll pa3pllc D i t " p , t t p 1 't y H t t *i l c l a p r o e c t i - I J l t 1 . t r " 'l r t llotl6-
I lolrr6. ru i8i.i I 3
(Eo- .'trr illi ttaccarnnpa [ 11 .IJIeHa :]lillrililiil.
Rbrcnrec rocrtrncElle ralime nptrnallJe?I{IIT
pa: r - 22 xena6pn r fepuautrtt parl6tt tctt cano"rer
rrurr' -i i7 ,. Hir :rro r pir il l{ oM I ] aHlllr J \ L O u
1l. l aa15c r a 1C8i r " r ' r r l' cH (jl)'rJIilct aBIIafioll IIa HUII ( I\''lilccllli I'llIIfil)r Il:J
, irr.rcr i,tLt.r ToHu u j J O , r e . r o R e R ,r i l \ o A I l a I r I r I \ c t l t t i t 6 o 1 t r 1 ', ? 7 n o l I I 6 -
lI tlleHoB etiltttttriit lttl-
rurt,rttu ,r2fl llaccil)lirIpoR
.'Jlr.
rio0Jrlroc lio.ltltle ctlo loLlt 6t t t ur B aBI I aI iat . ilc lpo - (r\lirIoJJlL
( ) t lt t t lr nr t t Eil ir Bllr l - IIo gaunrtrr ItlBeAcH()ro ;li)pHilri\
rlro s (.CCl'- 20 0 'tc . t t ooc r i.
ctrttan
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. 1,' iiu, ' p,' Tt-l;4.
(ltycrr'lll Iit'llrlt;ttiyrt)' orlAcnart a BII a]it)l{rraMI t{ \!lll]il - coeerclittii '\llpo-
198.r r'. l ltaiiouo V'ttiyfy'ia
r f . r o r . H a i I r . t J I t o t r I l i ) l ( 'T ( ) l r ) , \ l p o ( r ; r o r a n p t t -
l' ,,^rD.1,,,,'. ho ,ttl(lecr Bo t t ot t t 6uLt t \ lt pll c Raplll l
( NI ll f i il iolurcs 18.62 tiaracrpotlru Lla nropon uccre r
n, t,,,,.rn ro - 38 'lo loBnli ' t FBap t l lleqa.'lblroll c0fcBHoBilHIIII aBtlaliolltragllll
ii'Sa .., p"itu" l'lorroaralctitis IasrH-NIascrii- llroll

45
Taisass - 11,73 naracri;otfu ua lrr"r;ruon no,re- conepnxria.B up.,re1988 r. pafieralru,no orrn6_
1gq._ parq{ c.renyror liruuer ( 11,6), I4usrrx ffe BHtrylqesnbr!dtl lMepaKaEcKuv xpe.iiceporr
(10,74),Typqua (10,09),I{uraii (8,2), <Dnaur- (-utlsceEHecD, uaI I]epcuAcftnMraln"ou 6",.r
{gELr (8,59), Ioxean ltopex (8,56) u Ilomua cotrT trpaEcKn[ naccamRpcxuiicaMoJrer,B De_
(6,14). A caMoi 6eaonacsoiicqnraercRauenu_ 3yJlr,rare
naacfiar HoMuasu s <South-West>,y rioropoii-aa 'rero roru6rr 298 qeroseK.Ilocne aio-
ro trEquAeEta raaera <rBamnnrror raiiucl coo6_
1800 rncnq norcroB tre trpotr3otrrJrotru otrnoft rqu;ra o-6pu{aure, Ea r{oropoMBhrcononocraBneH_
xaracrporfn. (Tev ue lreree r CIIIA npoucxo,qur uNe o(puquanbur,rsnnqa Brncfta3aru MtreE[e o
Ee rart yr{ MaJroaBrraftaraorporb, xors rotr sa rou, qro fiopentrar. nputrtrHa naracrpoipn, noa_
ro,qEe npfixoArrcn.Hanpauep,a 1987 r. s aroft uotfino, aaxrloqasrcs a our6xe 6optotoro nouutro_
crpale^B 4 aBtrariaracrpo(Faxnoru6 231 venonex, repa rpe&cepa. 0ro noxer oorraqarl, rrro nac-
a D 1980s 1986 rr. naracrpo(pne 6r,rnoaoo6qe.)' caxupEr a afisuartt trpancnoro asnanafiqeDacra_
A Bor IaHEbr€o xeprBax aBltaftaracrpodB JIE UepBEIME NepTBaMtr(ECnyccraesEofo uET€Jr_
CCCP ga fleptronc 1980 no 1989 r. JIeKTat, KorAa xoMnbroT€pbtEs orpaEuqnBarorcff
1980 r.- 30 aauaxaracrpo{, uora6au 268 .re- sa0nIoA0BE6M 3a o6craEoBnoft,Eo ! Aenaror Bhr_
JIOBEN. BOAbI,a TAr(XeAaroTJIroAru peRoMes,qaqtrE.
1981r.- 29 aeaararacrpoip, uoru6ru 3gb .re- Docelfblo roAaMs paurfle 6oeao& pameroi
JIOBER.
xJracca(Borgyx - BoanyxDr paioue ocrpoaa Vc_
1982 r.- 29 aluaxaracrpo(!,uorn6 B7l ue_ tnrca 6_ul c6nr nrarlsscxai
JIOBEK.
naccaxupirrii ca-
uo;rer DS-9. 0lyvzaocr aro Zl m:rrafl.l'gAO ila
1983r.- 21 aauanaracrpo{a, noruOnu 222,r0- oaMo-qoresaxoAtrJrcff81 reaonex, tce osz norn6- ".
JlOBera. lu. ,{o oux Ilop nAyr ctropLro roM, r{ToBErnycrxn
1984r.- 20 aoaararacrpo{,uoru6nn380 qe- sIOqgfiyrrEyropaxory.
JIOEOX.
cyqecrrylor goxyveria.nt_
sbr^e^cBEAererbcrBa, qro a& 14 uzayr go ra6eaz
1985r.- 23 aauanaracrpo{br, uortr6rs 404so- AU-v c BoeEEofi6aalr s CnroserJre EBJrereJr
JroBe(a. Bo_
ensuft cavorer c 6oproauu rouepou HAB _
1986r.- 29 aanaxaracrpolp, uorra6.na324 re- olzub, onEaKoRouaEAoBasus
,IOBer(a, CItrA r HATO vr_
nepr$AapT,yro B Tor Bs.rspB 20 vacoa 5g uuuyr
1987r.- 13 aauararacrpoi!, uorz6nu4Z re- B aose upean3ouaoMopbffu0 EaxoAEnc,
JlO8eK. Etr oAUE
Oo0Botr caMon€T.
1988r.- 16 aananaracrpo([, uorlr6ua115ve- Oco6oe Mecro B trepesue trpzuat rn6e.nu ca_
noBeI(.
:\roJrerooaauuMaer MerfiAylapoAnufi reppopua:u.
1989 r.- 23 aunanaracrpolpu,noru6.;ru9g .re-
rrprrMepbrjUKonBKoyrogao. Mat l9Z3 r. Cauo_
noEer.
Aerraoe BspblBroe ycrpoficrao rgeaauso coa6o-
I4roro aa 10 ;rer 233 xaracrpo$u, 2(:24 xepr-
Tano B pyftax yrosqEfia Yuurura paaera, iroro-
prrft -p_e6oral or antrn rra cauonera Ty_104
Mocrua - rlnra) Jrererl B }trrafi. llror j
It coxaleuuro, B p.aAecJryqaeBru6e:r6 calro_ {pe&c
Ul x(eprBa.Qnrn6pr 1976 r. Ha 6opry cauolera
JIeroBtrpotroxoAtrTu3-aa troJrnrtrqecnuxau6uuuii.
xouuauau" tKy6aua Ae aBEacbolr, EatrpaBnsBrtre_
uAeoJlortrIrecxoto-- .trpoTuBocTo.fiEtr' pa3rrrrsErx rocn Ea nyoy. BaopBanucb
rocy,qap^crB. gae nlacrznoaue6ou-
B 1991 r. CCCp upurna;1,.rro 13 u$_ 0hr; trortr6nr
Et 1952 r. coBeTcKDM 73 serosexa.I4nnr i985 r. B se6o
ncrpe6rrelem 6ul c6nr uag Arnarrunoft
sa Bhrcore
EaA M:x{AytrapoAEbrMa BolaME runegcnufi cauo_ BaopB_aJrcs.(EotrEr-747r l0 rrrcgs uerpon
ner AL-z (troqrtr 40 ler MunucrepcBo o6oposhl nounasuu <Dftpllugdar,
yTBep}}l.4ano. uorn6;ro328.qoroser*. B 1988 r. raa'JIo*6;;;
T:o^!{Befbr Hapymuns BoaA},rrrEoe (ruornaEAEr) BaopBaJrcE *6ousrl auopExascxoii
rrpocrpaEcrBo CCCP). Ilpuvnna, no xoropoii nct_
peotrTenbararoBa,T.{C-2, ne uusceu acua _ ro noMrraEuu rllau-Aul, a s 1989 r. uaa Hurc_
poM-caMoner DS-10 (fpauqyacxot atnanouna_
Jru 3TO OtrrJInp[]ia3 fioMaEAOBaEUfl,TO nE y
cor nun IOTAi*.- Iloru6li -cooriororsesso 2?0 u
EoTCfiOroI€TqtrKa Ee BhrAeplr{aJrtrEspBhr,
l/t geJIoBeK, l{ Taft naroe.
rafi rte traMarHa rrcroDuE c lol{EoKopeiicKtrM
Ie6eJrr soeurur cardoneroBB Mapuoe Bpe ff
(tr^Jt_007), cuuruMEar reppu_ trpotroxoAuT0A8A,JIE SO Saqe, qeu
:P::::T;K!,
TopseE UUUp B uoeh c 31 alrycra a I cesr.E6- rpalr(AaucHrrx.
pa 1983 r. Cefiuacyxie Ee cro.rrbBarfiEo,
cnysai_
Eo trn[r trpeauauepeunoc6l,rrcr c fiypca ero
trtr_ Bsp'la uoAo3peBaprc'
norrr. Hlr{To Ee Bepner lHrrsu 269 nors6nrx c!,.xcx'e
TorAa traccax(trpoB E qjreloB criltflaria. Bnpoqeu. "*.rl.3ulli1"u'uo'E crreAcrBeulbrr
l_"_-y"-9il!r oprauorCIIA u Opau.
CltrA, x.reiuanmue Coaercxrfi C;;;,"";;;;# --- -l1a"ry
y1 ErpHBaM lpDqacrEElcoipy4uuxuruEEiclisx
oaMoJIoT, E 3AeCbuo oToTaJItrOT CBOeroBetrsoro cDeqcJrlrxb,E rox rrEcJreoropoo ldq'o arollicnoi paa-
BSAK!A. C6Eycc!.

46
Hanpnnep, a ncprroAc 1961rro 1989 r. roarno pyxsyx Ea a4auueyve6uoroqearpa. Iloru6 131
n oguofi enpouefictoft crpane * Berbrtru B pe- prgoaoii u erqe oAuHeeJloaen cra.r arcpraoii sa-
3ynr,Tare aBtrar{aracrpodftopoJleBcl{uxBBC no- racrpo{r,r Ea aeMJre.lllecrr,ro rogauu paE},urero-
ru6ru 119 qeroBex,uB EIIX28 rpaxAaucl{ExJrtrq. xe <fepnyrec C-{30> uu4oueeuircxuxBBC npe-
Haura crpana rorrte BrIecJIaHeMarrri (BfinaA) BaJclr B ropy B npoBtrEqrruCenepuax Cyuarpa,
B AT0T pasAeJrCrartrcTrrftn cMepTefi,Hanouuto - Totra uoru6ns 10 .rregos onrrrraEra.
numL se(oroprre draHru.B 1976 r. sa asua6aae C rn6elr,o n 1948 r, alrep[riagcrioro Boenrro-
rog B;ragurocroroM oAr{rrIr3 caMo'reroBc IIItJro- ro caMorera F-5{ cggaaHaaep""o ,.rulluuaorrro-
1oM-EoBurrnoM no?eprn ytrpaBnerrueu ytraJr,Bpe- crfi x sroft xaracrpo(feHJIO. 7 rurapa xureru
BaBrltrcb uaccaxtrpcnniit anro6yc; loru6.{tl ne-
n ropoga Magucounu.nr (urrar I{exryxnu) yBuAeJru
cETb,reroBon.5 aerScraroro z(e ro/18coBercrrtii o re6o crernquiic.s o6rerr. flocnoar,ny n aroM
6ou6apgraponulunTy-95, nornpaulaBuruiicsc Ky- paiioue pacno.'ro?ncEauaMeurrrbrt tDopr-Honc,
6r,r n CCCP, yIlaJI B ol{eau oro-BocrosHeeno6e- r4o xpasurcs sororoii sarac CIIA, s 13.306Lrra
perrr,.aHrrodrayn4rcuga. Bce, Hro 6r'rr ua 6opry, AaEa rpeBora. B 13.45 HJIO EaxoArrJIcEyxre B
uorn6ru. 24 geHa6px1983 r. conetcnuii6ov6ap- HetroepeAcraenuoii6nneocru or 6asrr alrepunax-
AupoBrrlut c AByMfi rr.'reHaMlr alttrnalrta na 6opry cnnx BBC lo4r'ranr. Boernocryxarqus BuAerrr,
trorepneJraBaprrtoB ceaepo-aocro'ruoiivacrn I{P, xan o6r,enr3aBucEaE BaJ'reruo-tro-caAotlrofi no,ro-
HeAaJreKo or nom,cxoiirpafinl{hl. B anpe:re1984r. cofi, ueuna crot qrer or fipacuoro go 6e;roro.
rrptr aBapul tcrpe6lrreln noru6la :retqun-u-tlc- Ilonrossuft Xuftc rorsac orAan trpuria3 rroAaarr
rbrrareJrrr A. Oe,qoros u I3. 3afrqen. B xuoape B BO3AyXsCfiaAprrirr,ropeaHTxBEhrxcaMoJler0t
1985' r. 6ruu nocMeprflo sarpat(Aenbr Ilrecrr' F-51 c rou, .rro6br ouu ycrauoBuJltr r{oETafiTc
qreEoB SKuIIaxta BoeEEorocaMoJreTa, cyMeBltrtre HJIO.
orBecTrrtraAaroqufi caMorcT oT rycloBacenerrHo- 9epea uecnorsno [rr{rryr xoMauArrp acr{aA-
ro paiiora. '16 uaa 1985 t. aoeHnufrBeproner punbrr r{anrrran Torrac Nlasrar;r, repofi eropofi
yna;r B r{open paioue Caxalusa. Hunro lra axu- luuponoiinoiiun, nepaonraccnuiilerqrri coo6qun
rarr{a He craccs. 10 nor6pn {990 r. rpareAlreir rro paArro:
3ariogrrurctnoner n se6e Scroutru goesuoroca- - Buxy o6rerr. Os Haxo,Eurcn HaAoMsofi.
uo",rcraTy-{6 - caMonerpyxgyJrlrpflMoy Baner- flourrrarocr c6luaurrcn o ulrlr, .rro6rr "'ry.rure
uoii no;rocu, uoru6Jr[ sce qerblpe sreua axnra- pasrJrFAer6... floxoxe, os MerarJrrqecxuii...I{
;rra.26 uon6pn 1990 r. npu rrocaAxeB aapoflopry yxacno 6o;rlruoi... O6 rerr ua6upaer Bbrcory,iro-
.{.rua-Arrr paa6alca BoeHEo-rpaBcnoprsblfr ca- rur c rot xs c(opocr6ro, qro rr r. Bygy cue,qo-
:rro:rerAu-12, rorn6ru 7 s"tenos axunaffia n 1 Barr, Ba ErM Ao Bbrcorsr 6000 uerpor. (Iloguu-
raccax(up.B sosr na 16 uoa6pn 1991 r. upn sa- Marbcl Br,rrle rerquft se Mor - Ea 6opry ae 6rr-
xoAe rra aapoApouAn4epuu (ttpaiiutrii Ceaep) n Jo cnequirJrbHblx r{uc"lopoqH6rx Macori.)
cJlo)r{H6rxMereoycJroBtrsxAn-12 aagel xptr;rolr Teu rpeueneu Ha BeMre uorxossuft Xrfic
cx.rranEa 60-nerpoaou xorMe, uaxo.4llrreucs Ea cJre[un ga yArrBnreJrI]Er,rM<so3necentreM) B 6g-
nocaAoqEoM rypco. Hpr'rro orBaJIIrJIoc6,u cattoirernoxnr,. Os qerfio BtrAar HJIO. Euy oE uortaaanofl
noreprreJrnaracrpoify. Iloru6ln 14 naccamnpon troxolritrM Ea 3orrr, I4lren 6enr,It qrer (aa ncn-
[ 6 qJreuosaxtrnarxa.B uoltenr (aracrpo$H sa Jro{esueM rpnofr rafiuu, xoropan xax 6y4ro
a)poapoMeue pa6orana paAIroJIoI{aI{EoEHat ctr-apaqa:racr), Eqe uepea HecI{oJIbItoMtrEyr or o[-
creMa nocaAr{rr,qro sBrflercs rpy6eiiurzlr napy- HOIO n3 nUIOTOB trOCTytrEnOCOOOqoEtro,qlo OE
ureHuclrtrpaBuJI6egouacsoctu, repner o6r,enr Ira BtrAy-Tor cltpbrncn B o6Jra-
Brpouelr, g;r.a 3aua4a raracrpotfu Boef,Ehlx ttax, coBeprrrtrB qyAoBuqEoe ycftopesue. fIoroED
caMoJreroB Tolr(eEe B ArrI(oBEHKy. UOBCeM EeAaB- npoAoJrllrr.rJrMasrarr.
no, 5 {erpa;u 1991 r., ncueeruralrrcltui rpauc- Bnesanuo fianurau coo6qu;r: tfioluarr' ero
noprur,rftcalro;rer <fepxyrec C-130r rpeqecfiux EeBoaMolnHo.Ilpexpaqao EpecneAoBanne rreMog-
BBC, sa 6opty rioroporo uaxoAuJltrcb5 qresoB egtro).3To 6ruo roc:reasee coo6rqerlre nann-
axrrrarta u 51 o6uqep. 4 uapra 1991 r. E CmA rasa. Eomue Ea cBsar, oE Ee B6rmeJr.A cuycra
par6nrcn ucrpe6rrolr, uorn6ru sce 3'Lreua arn- rec(oJrbKo sacos s 145 ftunoMerpax or apua6aau
Da:x<a.22 uapra 1991 r. B peaynbrareaBzaKara- 6unn uafigeurr o6noMltu paaBanuBuerocfl Ea rlac-
crpo{u xa rocroxe Cay4oncxoilApaBI4utroru6nu TU CaMOJreraU CpeAE EuX - Tpyn nanntana Mau-
6onee 90 ceserarbcltux Boeuuocnylfialqux,Bxo- ranna. Ero 6rrna crpauuan naracrpoifa, arranaB-
trrBrunxB cocraBMEoroEaquosarhE6lx cun a pai- IIafi E An€puHo 6ommoe oonnenue[l8]'
oEe IlepcrAcnoro aaauaa.5 omn6pr 1991 r. a Arnanaracrpoif trpuxoAtrrcff 6osrbc.s n ctrrb.
oAsoM ua trptrropoAoB,[xaraprn (tr4ugoneaua) ErIM MEpa cero. lla-aa Etrx trpocrunucr, c E(naEbro
cpa3y 1l{e flocJle 83,'IeTa trotrbITaJICt COBepIntrTb olluu trB ocHoBarercft neaagrcnrrtofi 9exocroaaq-
BbrflyliAeguyn rocalliy caMoJer [lEAose3uiicfi!.f xoft Pecuy6ruxu Illrc$anuri Mutau, corercxlii
BBC <IeprryrecC-130u.O6tsrbrt trrauoreu, os IIa-
soexuufiAeErenbfls @a6psqzyc,upesEAeEr

47
liitfl .i t, . , , ii J ii, - \ , , t r. i l i r(' j i l -L fl l T f.)c ) -i a i l l c T B t' 11-cnupror. on neiipexro or6poctr;rn cropony. IIo-
: t ,r , tIi f j r , , r r r r iolll(' ]p l 1 illl ra ,rrtl t SH p rtti o i Ia r- rraB lla a.]erirpo[JacrlrHbl. BaTa BcnbtxEyJla, II
r Ir. rfl rf llI f lp o6opoil b l l i l tri l tr .i l l rtrt' l i l o . 6 r' tl - B cfl aruocrfepa
r,.t,.( .j a JTItnl B octt.ti rMol l tl .l i tch
iiri ri i l l l l cjJ nJ et t rllat r an u re rro p a ,' t' I' o p p l tx o ttp
c , c - iiaporianeplr. Hact'r[leHHaa ]roEarlr,r IiIrciIopo,4a,
. r| |,('.rrr llu. lllB r lll P . 6 a p p u e u r{ ' c O p r5 tl l r,' . 1 r' ' tt' ll;r-la paannqn BuetuHero II BIIyrpoIIEero Aatsxc-
yAaBaJtoct,{)T-
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,i,yrpcnurt* AeJ qu.lu reuepaJl Oct(ap Eourt"-tllr. nprrrr,. Itorga ;{e HaIioHeIl ero cnc.rra"'rlt, 6r'r.:ro
Ilptrnqa, vacrt 3Tnx ftaracrpo$, Bo3llor{Ho' rlpo- noirlHo - tr.rloulaAboxoroB Ha TeJe IiocllollaBTa
lt3orrrJTa II3-3a TeppopucrusecKUxaI{ToB. llpeBbrcllJIa AonycTl{Mbre l.'l tr BbI}KIItsaHIItrIIpeJe-
Cnncoti xeprl anuanaracrpo{ 6ynt"r neuo-t- .,fi,t. 6ongapeRno, qoctan.rrennr'rr'iB rocllrrraJs.
HEIM! ecJIrI Ee ytroMflrlyrb HeRoropHr ilHarreHrro- IIpOX{IrJrnOCJreATOrO.iltlIIlf, D qtlCOR.
creii - tppanqyacxoro trIlcareJrfi Anryaua 4e lfpnunrauu rlr6e.ln lpytltx coBercrtux [ocrlo-
(Dpanrio I4u4o- naroR craJrlr: v B;ra,quunpa Iiolrapoea - ortiaa
Cetrr-3ria-rouepu,KuHopexuccepa
BIrHy, alfeptrItaHcKoro ceHaTopa-MltJr.rIlIoHepa (|cHorlEoro napa!rrora cI]ycRaellofo anrapala; y
B,'raguc.raaaBo;liosa. Icoprlrr llo6ponoJbcrioro
l{xona Xaiinqa, coBercxoro aclpaAHoro llapo.q[c-
ra BlrriroDa lllrcrlxosa, Slic-qeM[[oua rrnpa rro rr B rrttropa l Jartaega- pa3t(,l l uerrr:tartuati r6rtttt' t
5oncy cpegu r.Ex{eJroBecoB Poxxu Map'tuauo*' riocrlllrlecRoro I(opa6Jfi npII BosBpauleHlllI Ha
I,I tioqeqHo, fie6o atltusHo orlrttMaer x{I{3HlI 3eyrr ro,
Tex. Iiro cnEBaE o aallaqrreii rpodreccr'rona.lr'rlrl' Aueplltaucxuii pItaJIIIcr f{xeirlrc O6cpr l
rtta l l e u l trs ti t to t' r*ntle <<Pacnanr,rBas'li)coRerclitlc naracrpotpr'r> ro-
R a n tta t iar ac r por lr f lx fl o l ' 1 1 6 .' l l l
vnri Ba"repufi rfra;rog u nepBtlil liocMoraBT rlll- Bopnr o elqe Hecrio,rblirx qKo6rr nNegrurtx Mecro
(S acefi peqeH H I'IX ) C MepT'Ix C oB C TC l i l l X H OC ]l OH aB -
pa lOpnii IaraPun.
TOB. OlHaItO aBTOprlTeTEfle cfleqIIa,rlltcThl oTIlo-
cgrclr ri atlrM coo6uegultt co cnerlcncorl.

CIIEPTb IiOCi|tOH-\BTOB.

CMEPTb HA BOTE II IIOA BOIOIi.


Mlt yxe fipr,rBbl]iillr Ii no.'Ieratl B ]ioclloc; co-
o6nlegua o Barlycnax EoBr,Ix Ir EoBbtx Iiocrl[ue-
cxnx xopa6.reit ttbl nporJarblBa€n c roii ;le .ter- Cria:arr,, qro s XX neric riopa6.'tur[6;rn sac-
Kocrr,ro,,rro n I'rpesErrro uaruxy riod;c. ]{ nce;rie To - Bce paBHo ttTo nlrqero He cxaaarr'. Tr,rcq'rrr
nporlreccu'l KocrtorraBTa ocraerctl EocraroIIHo Tblcf,rrripytrHbr)ill lteilRIrx c)A0B rrorle3.rllr B llpo-
onacHoii. cropax l\{npororo oNeaHa, IIpu.tnuu rrx m5e;ru
B CCC[) noru6.nrr G riocllouanron. n CII],\ -- 6o;rlrrteli qacrbro l{BBecrlnI, Ho ecrb II TallrIcrBcrl-
10, n rolrruc.tc 7 - rta ilI{Ilna}!iA <rlc't:tcsr;xc- Hr,le c.'ryqa[. Hanpulrep, ro.'Iblio c 1l]76 rro
p a ,r. l fo pa6. t t , \ r lr or r ) p a :r,B o toItr' l l ,.trB i rH l l ,l ' tT e l ' 1980 r, uc.rca.nn118 cyAoa, o6,'tollttnl{oropbrx rrc
ro u g ;rt,p , ] r a. r c nhr c rT b rg l ' r3 2 ti l to rp o n u J -j ta 6nru uaiiAenlt lr flplt,rtrrra tiarlcrpotln ue ycra-
BerroJlaAofiIr TncploTorI.'l[Brlot{}'criopllTc"lerlep03 HOBJrera.
?3 cenynqrr floc.'Ie aanyclia. Ocra;rrnue rpotr B Mnporolr oricane ccrr, oco6lrc ;lonu, rag
a Mcp fl Ii aF c r ir r x ac r po n a BT o B - R rrp n x t r fp l c - IioropbrMl{cJoBrrortroroer npox.'Itrrlre.I4 riari 6st
(l i r$ d ru n rrrtt6 .rtt a ' , yqeEbre- ruApoJotII. lIcT0opoJor'II Ir trporlue
cn u , 1 1 y " p, l \ . ir iir . l) o g rx e p
BpeMfl llt3eMrrlrx rrcnr.rrarrrrii27 rnrapa 1967 r. (o"Iortr) - r-rn y6ext71a.:rtt lrac R ccrecrBesIIocrII
1 4 r-,rurr lr r c t t palnoc r ltJ .r(' | l ipr u i ,;o p y ,tl o B a H ttrl B Ii i r- upuvrn ru6e.rrr n etnx paiiouax cynoB II catto-
6llue rioclrnqecnoro xopa6.ra Bo3rIItH Ilolriap; .toToB , ,te,toB c,tecN dtlnpl ,Ip(,.1a Tal i oB a.' qT0 Mr,l
Itl' lloB eI lH o p a c I I p o c T p a Hu BIn ItIlCtl OT OEL Ho o cT a - nc'rno 6yAen ncxarh rAecL raiiny. Hy it caNrLIii
BI r. l ac T p o t l i l B T a l \ I I l I aEco B Iltl clla ce Hll0 o ltll i :)Tou crl rbtc,tcpri i url - JH al tottttrbti i
rt;rsecrH eri B
crope.'IrrBillxlrBo.llo rorl xe uplt.tttue lolrr6 'r;tcn lieplryncrtuii Tpeyro.rlrrHIrIi,pacno.loitroIIHbrlIltclti-
coBercriol'o orpt/la riocMoHaBrosBaJeHruH lloH- ny Bepny,xcxrruu ocrpoBaMr{, IIllpro-Puno rr
.qapeur(o,3ro npou:oru;lo Ba Mecflq xo [o'-lcra R rorr{HhrMMbrcotr{O"'topugrr,
riocuoc K)pun faraptrna. 23 rraprtr 1961 r. 24- floclio.'rr,ty B Moro BaAarrync BrorIrIT alraJrl
.rernuir EoulapcuNo. ailaepurafl trclr'tranurl n 6a- cnopon BoHpyr Beplry4cttot'o rp0lro.rLHnHa, o[-
poKanepe, IpoTep cllIIpToIl li()}Ity fla TeJe B IIec- paRIIq)cb cyxoii crarrcrtrxoir.
rar rIo:Nrro'IeHLr.E AarrrnrtoB.Bary, lponllraxuylo Eqe n XIX Ber(e B ororr lrttiiouc rrponaoruao
H pcr{o.rT,risara.foqshtx
o trcr ptti i c ropa,i ,rnrrrr.
R 1840 r. HcrloAaJreItyor cro,tllqll flalaltctiux
* O rrrriern B aBuafiaracrpo(bax.lyraro.lricloBE xoli- ocrpoBoB 6u.ro o6uapyxcHo {paHIIyBcKoe cyArro
riencroR6yler cli8saso qyrb Bgate. <Poaanu>, 4peftlfonaru:ee B ltope c noAEflrBIMIr

48
nap"tcaurr. Eo il0;r i)riluri!;til. li 1Si,'1 r. ncqe.r,rcr l l cra(tpu /951 t. l l c' :at raB ri oJ(i cl !l l l l hrrr ri {r-
c yl a o i l ic , t . t l> . l) 1lJ 7 ? r' . 6 u .ti t rra i i ,l c u a 6 p tt- pi ti i .rl < (1a1 r cpr j (rrcrprrrtrc> .
lau rrrrra < , lI lpr r Cc . r c c rri .r;1 1 rq a l ro ;( l a l ))c i tl rr. CL'rtrn6po 195;i e. 0lnapyticfla rrrl (liou-
Ho c oro)-TcrB)()irlrrrr i)r.illlillti0lL ll 1881 r. ra- rrt' ttapa l V n. rra ri rrl oyxriorc)TcrIroB
i i l l i )l i { ttti l i ri .
ri dll rti, . tlCT,,l)ll,l ltlru lt: t i' llt .lir C ir t t t . t t t iic t ; Uii t t t s l !) ttoripa 195(i e. llltontr r rropctirtii 6ort6ap
n ori < j).r.rerr Ocrrtr>, tt r r ) ; lolt pillt t , t t ! ( ' . 1) ' lt l. ll' I n or ;l rl porl rl rni < l l aprrrrr l l trp.' utl > .
l i epltl; lcrlr x ocrp(JIron : r r pot t it . t o c 1; 1t o i. \ r , ' t at t - 6 attaapa /958 a. trIcvc:r:rarr\ra (P rrr,orori D
l it ) . t\tcl !orra oJrrrortri rrI' apncrt Ii orrrroncpa.
, \ r' t' rrt'p t xpo rrlia ?r ic llr r r . t t olr t 6t t t r t x t t I ic lt - l l rtcupu l !)6! a. JIc,re;rrrrecrrrrroropur,l inor- i
r! ; lcri(, rr rpe \fo,'lr,Hllrio lr r i, lt t , t . t t ' ir , iit t t lt ' iiat ilar o- ;11' rrrul ri rrrrni
i ep Ii ti -i 0 c 1) ' r,renarrrrJl i [rai ri i r.
pnr l X\ nexc. tDcept,rt, l96J e. lloryl:ro rp)3()uo(r c',;(ri(l
20 ort'tttilta l!)0! r. Oir4p "-irierrorollculioe trN l aprrrr(i a.rl rep Ii l rrul c )ri l rrai ri on u;3{} ' re-
, I erbrpe\ 11 a{To Boe cll\r r o <(,[ t pc n l,
ll( , I illu} Toc .toB cIi .
DlillllaIiclI. Il rt.to M(i J :. IL-rrrr6,ro1l n6o.' ronrrocr1;1urr
.10 uoa6pa l!)09 :. Ilorr'6,tt t\ra ((lrlpoiit < C rro' l i oi i > g i i .r.rcrrarl r )ri l rrar+ i a.
lrrrcr\rc na-ollr rroLlntr .'[ ;t.itrtt t l'a (]. t ottalra. 28 aeeycrr. l96J z. IIort6:w 2 BoorrrrLi\ rl-
llapr 1918z. trIo,I(.;r rp)ir{)Boiinapoxo;1<lluri- rro;rt' rarnrra l i C 13i .
;rorrDnoi()r3lenleurrclr111 {i0() rottrt, ua 6opr1 6 tttotta. 1965 a. Eccc.re;1uo rrc,rcr cairo.rtf
I ioT{) p o fo 6r ' r . r olll) 11, t e .ro l a ' ti . (l l l l l c 10 rr.' rerr.l nrr i l fi rruat{ a na 6op,y.
fl tra a p u 19! | r . I lir o l l o .ttt ;Ia i i a rro rr;1IJ Io l ,t;r | l rrcupu 1967 r. l l orn6 cal ro.r' r i rrl erl c Y C -
oii n a p t,T r it , r r ar r r ' nr r lil,rr' o R l tI l r\\' l ri l < l i l p p o ,r l221. na iioprY rioroporo 6bl.'rr 1r ,rc.,toscrta.lIo-
, \ . 1 {l p rr r r ll. I J c c ll ,r.rc rIo sr} ri l .IIri l T Iil Ip i l (rl l a ,1 l I . lu6 .racrlr,rii clrro,'rcr <I irr,rripnc[r-lionan;a>.
l l t ,tu1, r . t s l: t - ' . i . ' . l l c rr.rr,rrr,rirn i (' l \t ttu rl t,i Iiecc.-rc,1rro lrc,rcit nil,'r{llr,ritrii catro.'tcT'<IIaiinop
rt to scti u i i r t apor o; 1< Pttr' { t1 ' ti \r\1 ' tp \' )). r\ttatttrl .
,\cna6pt 19J;i ,r. l.icccrteJlrro IIc'Ir{r3,'Io lp} 3olro(' ,tlt:ra(tpu 1lllii :. IIc'rc;r,rt t\rrl (yIr.Ilipa{l}r)
c5'.1uor Ilo'r'orraricllr. c f ,t.rcrn rrrr i )ri rrul ri i l .
Mapr 192(i a. liccc.rrcllrrr ttcrIeJ,'rorpl'3ol]oc J0 ttto.ra.196!) e. O6na1ty;rcHau\Ta (TeiiENa-
<
c5:uro [i.t'45:t[(r rio ) c ,rilIraTIierr tl3 211 'tc.'rostrtl. \'r' i).-rcr;rporrn. rIorirrrrJ'Tnrr rrrou0rrorl ;{oua.'tl1ort
,1 $ capat r l9l( / : . 0 6 rra p y ;l i e rri lIrl \\' H a (l ' .1 ()- lipoyrcpcrou. o,rcBrluo rroliol,trRlrluM iriIr3rIL
pna lio,;ntrair. ril Iiori)poii ()l cv rcr ll oBa.-lJlilllla;ri cnttor' 6rri i cl nuu.
I{ox(tpu 1!)11 ,. llc'ro;J.to a t\{cpllliaHclioe rp)'- Onrn6po 19i l :. l i ccc,rcgro l c,re3.ro rp)3i l -
;roBo0cl'Auo < IIport't crl. tsoL,cy:lIlo <,).'rl Ituptr6>.
;l a rn 6 lu 1! ) 1I ; . l' lc ,rt' :jto , a rl o p x l i a n c tro erp I- 4)cnItt" rr,/.' /7/ r. Il l rorr1;r' rarrri t.I t 8.,\.(Irorr> .
rr
iroBircct'J1r10llcprr"r'cl. !1 tupru 1!)7:t t. l \o rpcrrr rrnoprra l arorrl ' J
!! oarn6pn 1!),t.l t. \)6na1ty',x011o ri-\'6llrctiot' cl ' rorpI;r < l Iopr l ]rrprtcnrl , cttacctI To.tLIi o o/1rIr
c5 1 rro <l t y 6t t t ic lt t l,I I a ti o ro p o l l o rc )' T c rB o R a JJ l i tl - ,I.to i l ti ! l ti l ai a.
l l ari. 3(i .uupl rr,/1./ZJ;. l l c' rcrr.rol roprr,i r,cri oo cJ,q-
5 rt rt ;rt,il't, l! l.i ,'. llc t ' . r . t t t i it r t r ' lt t t t iit lt c t ; t t r tto < ,\ttttra> .
cau{l.rcroB rrtta <lJlett,1;ricp) c 14 'I.10rra]tll ltlill- l I re.rcrrrrc 1l )77 1117{ )r' r' . r l )oIrt;l ctrorr
rra;ricii. Tpc)ro,rt,rrrri c 6ccc;tcguo rc,r(.r.rrricl tc i i c11ni r.
J0 nt r ca pn 1!tl8 t. l4c ' t c . t c ar t o' r c r r llnir ( ' f lo- Ol porrrl oe B rIIIuA IIl rc,Ii oropoc Il pl l tr.toti i tor i i
g op lV ,l 6p rrrrrrrctio ii tlt t r t lt at t t t lr BSI \ i\ ' cc6c I ic plty;1ctttrii rpct t-o;tlrtutl. orrccrtrlc] rril
illapr 191ti ;. IIaiilena nlcratl r{orop{ilr ;ro1- J a l u t t I l . r a I I I p y r l l c c T p a H l l L l c p i l l l ( J I I L I I r . - I i I t I I 'r 'I '
R il. tlp()[A,lll'rpll II.ICII a O C r ) liI I I I il' / } la. 0pcgu lnx ccrl,. onHaIio, re r\Icrrcc 3arit;Io'IInbtf
28 0euo6pt /9J8 a. EcccrleAuo Ilc\cJ ci\ll().'Icr Itccril l] [,'ranc nt6cru nopr6lcii (u laltlrorr c,ty-
< ;Ilt iola> rttrtir r,.Ir r';r ac DS- 3, . ,rao - roABoAr!,1-\). Tari. n Cpc';1Itltclr ltort rt,rllt' tt
f00 rrrrlrlrx rol'o-3arI a[]Ioc Tiurpa 2{i lrrtn.tptt
I 7 xttcu pa l!),1!) t. l) ac c t apt o ll( ir leil c ar lo, lc l'
l 9 ( i 8 r '. n p o r r a l a 6 e a n c c r r r n r l p a r r . t r , ( r i a t t l l o ; l B 1 ) l l
rrrrt a < ' fro 1o I\',i 6p rrr it uc t ioit t iolt lt anlt lr BSA, ' \ .
nar .roAria c 6i ,t.'rcnalrlr Dllrtraaia. 27 nrraaprr
. llrr1, r 19 5r1 . . llit,, nBir "lc t l r r l( ' plt liaHc lit l cu
1968 r. (ro ccrt, tra gpyroii 1cttt,) rr paiione il'1-
I ro, rcr < I'ltoy6rIa crcP >. , r o H a r r c r r e r . 'T i l n o r R o A u a t l . t o ; t t r , r <\ {u n c p n a t r .
uru M5 0 ? . llo c c ; t 0; lHo t lc r r c a. : lo r pY3oB{ x r 1r napra 1970 r. IIpotra.'Ia I]o;llr.lrlilrt 't(]Alia (:rpo-
cy;1uo <Oarrlpal c r)lilltraifielt Il;r 11 'lc;trtseti ; 1 t t c 'r . T a | i t t n c . l \ , l l l l t r p , , l l ( \ 'r L l l l l l r l , q a I I l l u ] l p i l l l
2 rficaN,r;t 1953 e. Recc:tc[to rctlc3 carl{}ilct r ) E e r r p a u b r r e . 7 l c r i a 6 p l l l l l {1 f . s n e c L S a r o r I v . - l i
ri ollrlurrr <Sklwal srl c 5{ ) t t ac c a; lilr 1: ar r t t . rroABo[nirn ;rolrir U-2j]211. a 2:l ccnrr6pn l9i? r"
oxr:t6pt' 1951 c. l)t'.cc,tc;1uo tlc'|rc3 cnrlo'lo1' noABo;Urit'I .-toltia <,(itt,itt tt,,r. l)rtt .toltttr -l'tttlc ttr
aneprliarcrillr ullU rllrit <O.r'nep-littncre.l- c co6orr ?litr;rHtt 20(i ,ic.roscti. rI tlpnrlIt116I ur r[-
;reiotn>, ua 6opry riorcrpolo 6:'i.':ro42 qe;roBe(a. 6eitr tari rr ue 6br.rrl ) crauoS;lerrhl.

& ]\. "rlaBrrs 49


l
Ilo c uit' HcriLrT0prrlcclc]eErra o6 ;rnaprtnr H[r npuroroB.;reflrriir lorpyxerrnro. Mopc r ero
'
DOJlrr)_iribr \ i ; ( ' . l o t i . apeuR 6u.ro cnotiuijlurv. atrADMocrb orluvuoii,
'lti tat 1CLa:. lfo;BoAnaf ,,rotua <llnroarr- c(opocrb Berpa He rrperuruala 3,5 n/c.
oc,r itlparrqrrn), cro.'rlirroBeuueo xopa6:rcu, lo- Onoro 8 qacoB r(oMaHA[p <Tpomepa> nanu-
rr, i .'o 2 7 r r c J oB c li. ran-refircsanr faplefi orgal rpuriaa Earrarh
11 caure6pa 1911 e. Ilo4Boq:aaalogna IE-l riry6oxoao4uoc noapy?r(eurre.Tpn velooexa o xo.
(.\lcrpa.'rul), lprquna aBaptrrr Heu3Bccrna, I]o- gonoii py6ne <Criar-uapxa> (o6eclevunaroulero
r:u6to 37 qcJoBeri. c-y1ra.- A. 1.) - xouauglrp, urypMau (o6a
18 aaeycra 1923 z. lloasogvas irogr{a L-9 obrDrrrtreIIoABoAHtrKIT)tr rrlApoafiycTuri - cl{JtoErr_-
(Aurnun), trocrytrJreHueBoAr,rBHyrpb lioptrl'ca, .IIIcb HaA IIyJlhroM ruApoaHycTtrqecl{oro TeJ-re{oEa.
uoru6no 88 qenoBeK, Kpolre uux n py6rie uaxogn.lcfl Marpoc, fioroplrii
15 utorun 1940 e. Ilognoayafi rolria <Nlarra.r- Bejr Balrrcb treperoBopoB (ua cy4ae le 6n.;ro
re> (trlra;ua), roca,qxa ra llc;u, uoru6;ro 45 ve- uarunro{oua rr Bce coo6rleutra {uncupona;urct
iroBcIi. B BaxreEEoMxypna"re) .
24 onra6pa 1944 z. flogaoguax ;ro4ria <Trxrr B 7.54 c 6opra rognu 6rrlo upurnro coo6-
(CIIIA), napnn. noru6ro 80 qenoBex. rqenue: <Bce B troprArie, npoAoJrr(aeM norpyrr{e:
4 onpeta 1953 a. flogsogrtas no4r{a (AyM- nuel. flarsneiiuruo co6blTufl l]poAo,rrxannc6cJC.
"-rynntrHap) (Typqun), croJrr{EoBeutre, uortl6 81 AyIOrqtrM o0pasoM:
itcJIoBeri. 8.00 - npousnegeEa trpoBepr{a aBy}iotroABoA-
21 naa 1968 a. flognognan ro.qfia (C(opun- IIOII CB'I3U.
oE) (CIIIA), lpnquEa aBapuu uerr3BccrEa, no- 8.02 - ",rognaAocrrrrJrariry6uuhr 120 u. IIpo-
ru6ru 99 qeJroBefi. rr3BeAeHocMorp trporrnoroxopEyca, aa6oprnoii
;\ rcero s MEpe (fipoMe Poccnn - CCCP) c apMaryphru rpy6oupoao4on.
7904 no 1981 r. norepflc,rrrr arapuro 200 uognog- 8.09- nory,reso coo6qenne, vro npoiinena
H bIx.ro Au I { ,B pe3y nbr a rp ,rc l o l o c u 6 ,to rrc M o u n e troJonllflatryrrr Ilo trpeAenhuoiirn;6uuu rrorp5-
4333 .rc.roren (6oree ro.rnyro qtr(bpy serBBE trpu- xerllrq. TeMu uorpy;I{cErrflBaMeA,]Igercr.
BecTu IIOTOMy,qTO CBeAeEIIgO ql,ICJIeggOCItr 3K[, 8.24 - npoaegenovepeguoriceasc cBtrBrr.
na'tteu pflAa saToEyBmux noAofi Ee uyonulioRa- 8.35 -.rogxa AocrurJrar,ry6aau na g0 uer-
;tuct). flo aapy6exunn r{cro,ruuxaM, B 1977* poBMenbrrcnpeAerr,Eoii.
1989 rr. npotrBorlJro 14 Haracrpoi[ colercfiRx 8.53 *;ro4xa npu6ru:ruracr H npcgcnr,uoii
noABoaHblx JIonoH; IioIIqecTBo rI{epTB uSBecTs0 r,ry6nne lorpymeuna.
rrrrrxr B rpcx c"{ysanx. 21 anrycra 1980 r. npu 9.02 - noryueuo coo6rqenue, qro riypc JroAriu
oi+iape Ha conercnoii nogronxot "'ro1tre, Eaxo- OC TA E TC A H E ITS ME E H I,TM.
grrltllericr n pafioue Oxrlrasu, uortr6nu I qe"-ro- 9.10 - ro4no4nax ;roAria fle orBerrrJra rra Br,r,-
Beri. 3 orirn6pff 1986 r. naprm a paxernofi ycra- Joe. IIe 6br,1oorBera tr Ea noBTonflbriiBbl3os qc-
soaIie ]'Hec tfiEaEIr Tpex coBeTcKltx troABoAElrrioB. per I vrlyry. O6ccnoxoeusuii rurypuau <,Craii-
A o ;riepraax rperr,eii raracrporfr,r - ua aroMuoii Japria)) BsrlJr MIlIipoOoH y rnApoanycrr.rria r npo-
no4lo,qnoii ;rogrie <Itoucouoneq) - E paccliax{y xptrqaJrB sero: (y Bac Bce B nopr4ne? Omeqaii-
{yTL I I I iEie . re! Orrcuaiire, pa4rr Eoral> Ho orsera se no-
Coeercxuii oHollcol"roteql u auepuxancru,rii OJIONOBAJIO.
( _I pJlrrep) - caMr,te3EaMeEETbre yTonyBlnrle troA- 9.12-c 6opra roAr{r trocrytrxiro xepaa6op-
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50
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tro otrr,rryaropoii urponoi rofinur[19]. EUe.
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7irlpaM Tperr]erori,lacca lr,riiparl,cr rr;t rrpcril cv;I- Iicrr;1arr. r.
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rhle ur.!rorrrir. Ho lrit ct'rrcarlualyrarr. llaccairiLr- cti di Ji t.'I cTi tpl tl l tn cTx)af I.
lr d rt H n ti T o l|l' I ot uir . t . lI| o c ro l rt l tt| ri fo l t| , c tl o ,i - llvelno, u y;xacalrii ri rorry xie! - orac-
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p a3J y rI I I 'f I ] C f i C O C B O I I ] l n C NPO) IIIL I\III [OAill' r Iiil]l Il. JaflcprLIrt ]| Ja.trIBacllLI\ tjoltoi_Irlilrlllruolt n Ho_
Osn rralcs.'urcr, Ha .;rl{rree tr rro.,rn.,rrtct, llorv. Ie,'ILrorl orllo.rlcHugx.Do.'rcclcclr[ uatullurrcroB
liorla r:oqa rpoHrrri.{a B rrorrerrlcflr.rc. r-Aoorrl rit- rr,rio\erapoB 6rrlu o6oapenr,r[cpcrperr,ru rapor.r...
\o;llr.rIucL. Bcc cIIacato"lt,IIbIoIlt.lnrfiIr yllic oTo- llirll. Ha\oAuRrrrliica nog o.rour, BLrcoriltrtAaBre-
finl{ oT (lfrlTarrfli ). rrrlelt, nu6pocnlr ra rroBepxrocrr) Bollhr a3 Eyrpa
IIapoxog <rliep.rrurl. coael)luafi IlirartalrlrleJII rapoxo,ila lraccy o6roMnon )r{e;Ieaarr 4epera, Ilpll
asrilniicHoro rrolrra Iapurr.r qepe3 "'Ia llarrtu. trt- rrol trcti anItt' recIaceH rfl I ro.rrr.tIoi l B one..tl o,.l tt
rra.rrs ffiecroxrrii rrropll u 21 {enpala 1907 r. no- u.utr6lr.'ru oSolrilxerrr,t naporr. [r'rtr rroJrytrrr.rlu J)anc-
Tep[e.rrIipvtueflrre y iieptlotr Lo.'t"ranllttr (t atttrttt, rrur or l]aa.qereBrrrtrxcrr o6.10lrrion.Or naplrra rtor-
Xyri-rau \o;rrarrl). Olporruar lo"rfiil rrribrprr]Jril Jots .rtexiaBr[uii Ea 60riy "raiinr'I co;1por-ny.rrcrr,
ltaporol rra ]iil]refluo-6erorrrroloi\ro,'la.BHe- c.loJlHol rpc;lcrrepruoii c.vlopotc. flo;1rra;tacr,nlr-
-yro.'l
J a rFo crb t iar ac r p" ' lr s t tt rtt' ]{ o ,te i i tttttoro rr,;(H h r' cofias Bo.rHa.oHa rlepcBepHy.naI{Bc ncporpy}iex
ycJroBl4flrrprFr'.'rrii rony. rrro s3 144 qe,Iolrefi.llt- Hbre rrril]oIIrirrIr ta\Jrecrtry.lIa 6apatraBl.nIIrc.s ]r
xogl,rBrrrlr\cflua 60pry rropa6,;rn.uoln6"lu 129. BO;Ie,'IIOAeii.
29 lt.ar^ l9l7 r. naccalxultctiuri Jaii[op (3iI- I [accaxru;' ,[ntorr B .r,rl rrr O rri r nl r, ori ai ]ast[tri i
I r l' r'cc o d A i- . ip. r . r r anr i i rH a .t.ri o i ti :i o rn a rr | rto s .rn crr B Bollc. noatrie rucaJr: <lio lrlc nprr6.ruxia;racl
uuca Hox floiiur (aalrlr Cn. .llalpenrux) crotri repelo.rrrrenHafl,rxtltLlrrrrrr.irrorha.Orra.,n;1rn71o.-.rr,
Hy"lcF c HopreTricriulrrpy3oBrnNrlapoxoAorl(Crop- 6opra norpvxarlrelocrl,'raiiuepa. 6rr,'ra or. rrenn
cragr. |Iygoll crracruuficflnltau laiiuepa [meiinc l rrecno.rr,rirrrap;1ar. Blpyl cBep\r- Ha rree J'najra
fpanr lcnoxnna.'r: <liaracrpt-rlra6tI.na nacrorl,xtr coplaBlraflcE c nepxlcii rrairy6r,rorponnal xe-
BEe3annoii.qro ;lccETrirruaccaifiltpoBlali It ocra- ;rcruar py6na. Or crpaxa rr Jatipr]rJ r,'lilila rr craLrr
JtrCr,Ha CPOrr\riorrHa\,a Ip)- Ie oliaSaJncLn.rrc]l- )lo.ilrrrr,cfl.fiolga n clouit rroclrorll('.'r.To Blrecro
HI4I{aVUR C|OII\ liat)Tar. cJroSIrortHmlr B 3atraA- ur.' r)IIri II u. C IIA eB IU IIX B IrC [ ItO.IyC O.ffl t! .IeJoB eIi tl
He,- traccaEiIpbl npoEeJII Ha cyAHe Bcero olrrH ]rlrle:T B BoAe Hecr{o..tbliogepcnaurrr,rr o6,rou-
ri our [20].
['er. tiro Ite ltor]ajl l] ltjloluir_ ,i;Iala cuep?b
* Ro n p e - u ' I
l ) a c o J r ' ; l o Ba r l!fl Iia r a cr lo q ) 6 l tsn a JCJIt' t( or \oJloIa -- TeMtr!parlpa lr ijl.'lrur('
(TtrT a! rrx a' ) n a p o x o A r r a f i to r tr a tlxfl < la iiT cr a p t lo r ia Cs. .l[anperr
3ala. rrro o r l a B c e f o r { m L BEIn o r HfJlil Ae n ( lBo Ba Bn Io 0 B 1'{rr Ee rrper]bruIa.ja5 rpalI]corr rrrr l{e;Ir,clro. O6-
1o B norrrl t r B c n l l o 6 p r r a n u a xo .r o r n e u u e o 6 e g o n a cn o tttni i uror rroi i rpar,' ;trrrr;l r.: l i ?7' rt,ronct. rri rrr' .
(:'tr r lrJ laB a l l J r , l c ] A o l J . c o r ' Jr a cr lor io ' r o p o r ly .n cAr io c IIa ccd nr,Ir!rrnrcl rra iioltry rrllx)\o;lir. rrorlr6ln 1()lLl qe
tti trpc rioc a y l t t l o B o j l o u S l l 0 l q e I c]l clll,lllr lr 1 r r h lcflq r o HH
.IIOB 0ti .
ltoJr;I{ffo |lMer], Ite rtcfice lti ctldcareJlr,tl6l-rt I'rnntro]i.
[]paBEno 3 1 o 6 6 r i t o B B e I e H o B 1 8 9 9 1 .. ]io r Aa e q e r e 6 lt- <<fIcnltcori ropa6;rrii x[)o9e.1Ao ccpe]nHr,r...)--
,1O 1af it rX r s r a u l c l i E \ c y l lo s, h a r i ! Itr T a a It$ r . flanuca.T!iolla-To Ocuu llan1e;rr,urrarr o nepetrnc-
Jresutrcy,qoBB trooMefoMepa, Mrr uomeu rogro- c nrora B BoAy u craHoBuJrucl go6r,nefi Nopctiux
pIIr6 artr cnoBa rlo orsomestrto x uoru6nuu xo- xfiqElrr(oB.
pa6rxu. 9ro6rr AoqtrTarbtrx crlucolt Ao notqa, Oco6enuo otracuo saxoAtrrbcs B Boae, riorAa B
rryrfiHaAonraa 6eccouua.E soqr. Hee trotraAaer KpoBb trnn ruu(ba. Anynbr trprr aron
24 tlr;ta 1915 r. axcxypouosuut napoxo1 trptrxoAffT B EeIiCIOBCrBO,tr Etrrrro, npoMe CMep-
<I,lcrrangr uB-aa neperpyaHtr trepeBepayncff y rtr, He Morr(er trx ocrasoBurb. Oun xycaror a:o6o*
trpusana penr 9unaro (CIIIA). IIo garurru upa- gnzxyqrftct trp€AMer, a trx MoqEhre reJra c fio-
BrrreJrr,craa,roru6lru 835 qeJroBeA,
cneAcrBeEELri.iroccanruoi cxaoi 6r,ror no BoAe, BaAbrMaff(po-
BpaqSaflBrrn,fiypHaJrncTaM, sTo saoquran B fopoA- BaByro treny. Ecns s srofr 6erueuofr cBatr(e 6yAer
cr{oMMopre 1300 rpyuon, a M€crulre raoerr,r yr- cnysatEo ynyrreEa oAEa rr3 aKyJr, To ee copoAEqu
BepE{AaJru, qro qucJromeprB- 2100 qeJroBer{, na6pocxrcn tr pa3opByr ee B rororrB.fi.Arcrpanuft-
B 1928 r. uropM y Bocroquoro no6epexrx cxui yreuuii B. M. ltonnlcox, uccne,uymqzft no-
CIIIA nory6ur asrruicHnfi rpyaonaccaxnpcrudi IteAeHtrea(yn c 1919 r., yrB€prr(Aaer, irro anyna,
uapoxog <Becrpucu. 159 qeJroBenrrarrrJlucBoro rorr' paa loupo6oBaBrxaE qeJroBeqec(oroMflca, Bo3-
cliepTb B BoAe. Molt{Ho,EaBceraa upno6peraer x Ee}ry Bnyc.
tDpauqyacHrifinapoxog <Ceu-(Drrn6epl, aaro- Hepeqrlr cJryeau uatraaenus aryn Ha r{ynato-
uyrurufi 15 urous 1931 r. s E[cnaftcxoMaa;ruse rqnxca. B 7952 r. 17 -rcrntii rouorrla, nragasurfr
y urrca Cen=lI[ulr4a, yuen c po6ofrua Auo 462 se- n 200 nerpax or xanu$opunficxoro uo6epexra,
JIOBEIi . BApyr BaMerun atyny. Ilnoaeq craJr ldaxarb py-
f{pylur,re Mopc(rre r{aracrporfrr ae o6on.nr lr fiofi, u fla 6epery nonnan, vro euy rpe6yercn no-
Earxy crpauy. B nouqe anrycra 1986 r. B [Byx lrorqr. Torvac xe 5 ueloaex, xpetrRux tr crrnb-
rrruJrffxoT 6epera u B BocbMgM[Jrsx oT tropTaHo- Errlx, IorrJrbrJ[r eMy Ha Br,rpyqKy, npnxBaTnB c co-
nopoccuftcn cronnnynucb cyxorpya (Ilerp BaceBr. 6oi uagyryro Kaucpy -.rro6rr rououre, rpanuu-
u raccaxupcxnfi napoxog <A4uupa:r HaxuMosl. poBarruoMy BnAoM al{yn6l, 6ulo letqe n,nr,rrr.
uyxolpys trpoTapaHunnapoxol, n loT yruen Ha Cnacareau Aotrrhrrs Ao lroJtoAoro qeJloBenatr, olt-
nno B pe(opauo xopornuii cport- Ba 8 uuuyr. I,Ia py)(rrB ero, EatrpaBnnr{cb x 6epery. Axyaa, xogur-
1200 naccaxupon norl.6nu 423, a aareM,trpu trpo- Iuar Kpyraufi, agpyr.6poczlacl Btrepe! u cMep-
BeAesuutronBoAsuxpa6or, eqe 2 roqonaaa,Bo,ru- TeJrr,HopaEEJra rMeHHo aroro roxouy. B Ancrpa-
rrrrrucrBonorz6nrux ua <Anulrpa:reHaxllMose)rne Jrult KpynEaff TnIpoBaE aKyJIa, BbIJTOBJeHUatIr
ycne:ru nrr6parrcfl trJ BsyrpennnxnoNeuqerufi na noMeqeHHaff a cueqnalrnuii aKBaptryMJqepea fle-
nary6u. Tev me, nro aa6pancr, npumnocb ocno- leJrIo nocJre nouMr(tr oTpblrEyna qeJIoBerlec(yo
BaTe.rEEO Uonnaaarr, r rnropcroii qeN
Boaetrpe)I{ae, ItyKy, KoTopag coxpaHnnacb HacToJIbI(o,qTo IIOJTn-
no4ocnenanouoqs. K cqacrhro,BoAaB 3ToBpeME qIIg cr{orra ycralloB[Tb tro TarytrpoBl{e JrxqHocrb
roga 6rr.ra 4ocrarouno reuaoii. qe.rroBeKa,ucseSIIoBeHner{oTopofo EaAetaJro MHo-
IIpn uuaxofi TeMneparypeBo,4r,rtrorepleBrrrue ro ruyMa. B arc,re 1916 r. ua no6eoertre sosre
xopa6reripyurenuetrueror Bcg manclr norr6uyrr, Ilsro-fixepcu (CIIIA) 6po4nuar 6e:ran aryla 4,rn-
or trepeoxnarfiAestrff,Hy a ecna AeJlonpoucxoAsT noii 2,5 uerpa Ba Aecflrb gnei y6u.na 4 serosexa.
B CpeAEExrxupoTax, ro aA€oblloAcTeperasretrIe B TOII rlncJle MaJILqtrKa, xoToporo oEa pacTep3ana
oAHaonacuocrb- axyurr. Haarnaeurre uopcrtrMtr a J/ xnroMerpax or oKeaHa.aaiAg a pexy Mara-
nqeftxar'ru, ostr Moryr yttysrb nurp npoBE,pacr- Bau-liptrfi. A scero n unpe c 1977 uo 196{ r. ua-
oopeurrii B ur.rJr.Jruoxax
JrqrpoB80A6r,o6uapyxurr necrso 560 uatagcauii aryl ua ,lroge[, u 6o,ree
Tor unrl {Hoft aatraxga 500 raerpoaor Ecroqruna, 200 ua uzx Kotrqn.rrrrcr,ru6earrc qe,rosexa. C'npa-
IiecMoTpa sa cunl,EoeTeceHtre. Re,qJItrBOCTX paAtr CneayeT oTMeTtrTB,q?O Ue BCe
Ho.irn 28 loalpn 1942 r. y BocroqEorotro- ar{yJrhr€Arr lrogeii. Jlnqoegarx cqtrTarorcs ntrm6
6epexlx IOxuot A$pznu 6rr.r ropue4uponau fZ paraoaz4nocreii ns 250, a cauoi arpeccusuoii
rparcuoprunii xopa6ur, <Hoaa Croruar. IIors6ra saJraerca6e,raaaxy.ra (Carcharodon caicharias).
lblCgqa ffTaJIb.gEcfitrx BoeHsoIIneEEblx, HaXo[trB- He ran [aaao coquoJloru ycraEoBrrtr, qro ca-
rtraxcfi Ea 6opry, u Mrorue tra EEx f,aruJrtr cBoro uyro 6o;ruurylo otracHocrr glr lrogeft, ctracmtrxcff
cMeprb B rraortr ar{yJr. Ilpauert, no uueuuro,[x. tso Bpeufl xopa6trerpylreuze Ea rrro?ax B orrrobr-
Jf. E. Crmra (Vuunepcurer Pogca), <anylr,r npeq- TOIrtMope [peAcTaBnffroT...caMn nK)[u. ,[ame eiln
truqlrra.ru ratraAarb ua r{r4Bblx.nngeii, a ue [o- IIA I]JIOTAX IIMECTCE AOCT TOqIIOE XOTUSECTBO EtrbI
Bo,'rbcrBoBarbcn tr3yBeqeuahlMlr rpylauar [21 l. u DET6ff,ua xaxgrrx 100 qeJoBexBbrtr{trBaloT
Jrtrlns
liorta a uoa6pe roro xe 1942 r. no spe fl Ooff 10. IIo Mueuno auaueutrroro {pauqyacnoro nyre-
aNeptrKanqeBE fltroEqes y ocrpoBa laa4arxauap rtrecrBeHuufiaA.nera Bou6apa,BtrEolooroMycrpax
6H;r noron;res geuururrii ripetcqp <,{mylror, ae- cMeprz, naccuaEocrb, Eex(eJlaHEe6oporr,cg aa
cHo""l|lio AecflIKoB cuacllllrxcff Ha nnoTy MopalioB xuasu. OauaHos Ig82 r. 6o,rrapcnnftnpar lapo
$rrrn cr,e;eurr arynaulf, Buaganuue or ronoaa tr Tolracss npoBen arcgepuMenrrr, 4oxaaunaroque.
2rrarriAbrD iruxopaAry u 6peg, uopxru ctrycr{aJrtrcl uro upuuluofi ytraA(a crt u rz6eau rlorepueBugx
liopa6,'reHp)rtrcHtrotu,-rtaraorle IioEKperEaE yrpo- TaJILU!Ie trCqo3rn noA uepeBepEyBmaMcs TerrJto-
3a cNeprut a [CuxuqecNfle treperpySn!, BblsBaq- xoAou, B ToM qr{cJrc u ApytrJs, c roroplruu r 6e-
lbrc cocyqecrBoBatrueM cnycafrEblxnroAeina rec- ce!oBaJr.
EOlfnpocrpaEcrEe. Meun cnaclo, BoeMoirtuo, ro o6crotreurctno,
llrroro uarcos roru6uyrr tr y rex, firo ItoJIL- qro r EaxoAuJrcff Ha Bepxneii la.ly6e. Te, I(To ran-
Byercfi MopclinMrrtrapoMaMu.Hecuorpx Ha ro qro qena:r nary6ofi Hrrr(e, o(agaJrtrcb n nneuy, Bue-
Maprxpyl'br traccaffi pcKux flaporloB trpoxoAgT B aatrHo s ocoalraJt, vro <MapvuoucccD uel ettgo
upu6pe;nnrrxroAax, [o clrx trop oulr roxyr AoBon],- BosBparqaercff B BeprrrxaJrbuoe roJrorxesus. V
HOperynflpHo. I{eBE DpOMenr,fiHynar6rcnb, sro traccaxtupEt cMo-
B 1987 r. yepea {l Musyr trocne orxoAa or ryr nu6parr,cx. 3aren nonu: nse EaAo Hart Molt{-
nptrcraHu 3e6prorre (Derrrua) n Ccnepnon rro- HO Cr{Opeetrp6rfaT6 B BOAy,sro g tr cAeJran.
pe trepeBepHyncn napoM (Iepanb[ oabi[pu aErep- fl aunr,rpnyn B rrecxoJrbrinx flpgax or roayqe-
rpaiiar. B neAsHoiirlopcxoft DoAelortr6n[ 134 se- ro pequoro rpaMaafi u oOnapyxnr, qro lreufi cHo-
JroBefta,trorrieJraBrxr{xcoBeprrrtrTbo,qsoAseBHyro crrr oqerl Morqurri noror. Vxsarurbcs 6uao xe
yBecenurenrlsyo noealr{y. TpareAuf, trpou3ornna sa sro. trIao Bcex cuJr pa6oran py(aMr tr EoralrE,
rr3-aaroro, qro ue 6unu BoBpeurrgaripBrrhrorpoM- trotr raJrcn 4o6parrcn Ao npurrrBaproBausbtx n
Irbrs trapymHbteA3eptr, Karr{Aafi Becold {2 ToHn. trporlrBotroJlorrixolry 6epery gnylr 6apt{at\d. K
I{orga napou ua 6orruofi cropocrtr (15 yaloo) crlacrr,ro, s xopouuii nuoreq. floclo oseul 6orr,-
BorrenB BoEyrecessff, 6auractgbreorcenu 6ucrpo IIIOIO, Kar{ MHe trOriaSaJlocE,trpoMemyIfia EpeMeEtr
rrarroJruunuc6 ao4ofi, rpyaoaan nary6a ouycrraacr E trOtryBcTBOBaItrOn HOralrE HeqTO trOXOE(eeEA
trosrq [o ypoBrrr Mop.E.Mopcraa BoAaBgesatrHo Au'o. l a Bcralr Bo Decb pocr. Bogrr 6r,rno n9 xo-
xnr,rEyna sepes qesaKpbrTbrenapyrlrHhre ABepE, reuo, Tzlruuy Hapyuanrr or1aresnlre npult! To-
AnroMo6u.nsB rpy3oBBrxorcenax, copBaBnncbc Hyr4ux naccaH{uponr[221. Ilpory.no.lnsrii xarep
xpeuexrfi tr yr(syBruscb a 6opr, uanpenrnu (MapquoseccD rueqar 149 qeJroBe(.60 sa sax
cyluo eqe 6onure. Ha cy4ne raxxe Eaxo,quJrucb uoru6nu.
133 6oqnu c rolrcrrqtrBrMtrnerqecrrauu (quauu- Bpeur or Bpcuerrrrtrp rioAnr HoBErecoo6q€-
;10u). uua o noqo6uuxcJysarrx.Tax, 19 anpera 1991r.
IloAo5uue rpareArrll nporrcxoAgr n B caM;rx, tro uen;[reii uepe 72 ue:ronexa (n ocuornolr un-
Iiaaarocb6rr, 6e:ouacnr,rxuecrax. B 1989 r. na repufiqrr) yrouynu B peayJrbraretu6enz lacca-
Terrae,r qenrpe Jlougoua,B6nuauuocra Cayryopn ,rinpcfioro napoMay BanaAHorono6epexsa A<!pr-
6rr;r nporapaneu orponnofr aelrrreuepna:rxol'r ne- Ittr, B Boaax Snnaropraruuoft fnuneu. 15 gexa6px
6oJTr,uofipequofi rparrraii. B reqesze 2 urnyr ox 1991 r. a ftpacnou Mope 3aroEyJr,rrarxrryBru[ob
3arorryJr rr norpyauJrcs ua rny6zxy 8 uerpon. na pu{u, erulercxlrii rerJtoxoA <Ca;reraaxcnpeccl,
flporeoruro aro orioJroEByx sacoBuovu, Ogur ua coBepnlaBnlufrtrapoMrrbreDepeBo3Krr Mer$Aycay-
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I OlIar' .JH:lIroC. rop:ltrBrJrtliiCfl HenOTO[JEe]IOCThTO rH ni r aH rep l i ,raps
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Jun PuJ (cyrqecruyernepcna,uro aro 6r,rnoca- Ilpuquua ctrepr[ - lru(fapnr. B ij roga rorric na
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sax Bonrn cxpulas coBercxoii rpylnu <Anna- l{oB.
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rrccrioJbKosacos. A erorto,1,I..r bHuI aBalrIlfl crol4..Ia3ox Oenopoea. coB ercxas anrpxca.- y6rrra rrprr
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rDprrnpux _-n T Eap6apocca. xoropuii yrouy,r. nepe_
rrpaBJrlscB qepea ropryro pevxy a Hlr;rnnnu, ao C}IEPTbI,I CIOPT.
BpeMHTpeT6erolipecToBoronoxoaa.
Penop,qnoe lioJrrrqecrBo nom6tlrrrx Ha ojrrrorr
xopa6;re- 7700 seroner. Oslr Haxoau.nuctua ne- B cnopre Bceraaecrr, snerrenTpncria,- Aai+te
rteqlioM JraiiH^epe<Bullre.rr,u Iycr.no!!ilr >. ropne _ uaxltarllcr_BpegyJrbrare
nepemlrraauiittoi{ierno_
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rutclioe nope) conercHoii troABo[Hofi Jroxnoii.
ro ro.roBeor EepB-
HOrO COIepErRa. HO eCTr,. HOHerr[o, Br.r,{blcrropTa.
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CIIEPTI, HA CIIEITE tr 3A CqEEOII.
rexnune6eaonacnocrrr CIIIA ony6lraxoea.,rgoH;rag
co crarlrcrllRoii cMepreJrr,HllxcJlyqaeBB arrepn_
riaHchorrcnopre :a 1984-498C rr. Carrr,ruonic-
IIpocleccnx ar{Tepa rr tlya}rriaETa. R o6rqeM_ uhlrr Bl{,{otr cnopra
oriaSa.rrcna,rlrrnrrHn3rf.[Ia
To, Hrrrryrr, rrc .refqe rr Ire 6egonacRer'rrtnor[x riaxArre 10 Tbrcay trejroBeli, yc.rroBEo BaEItnIalo_
[pyrux npoQeccrri. Hanpruep, rrEorrrc arircpbr rqrrrcE aJIr,IIIrHn3\rorl.
nprtjoilIITcE 56 necqacrnrlr
yI{IIpaloT BO BpeltE Cnexrax-neii, lra c,hc}tKar c.rry{aeB co c}repreJbnhnr rcxoAou. Ha nropolt
rpulrlrol rri'ru cpa3y noc,re Huti. Bor pa4 rrprrue_ treclc * Ar).rrr,TanJIaHepr{31r.
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yrlep R Boapacre 68 .rer 2{ rrar 4957 r. s.Ilesnn_ -Do
t,a 1U Tbtcnq seroB eri- ?.4 cuepre.rrnsrr c.r;
rpare trocJreoqcllc.tHoro rioHuepra. Horga,lovepn qa 8...
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riu Ee J'IttrpaloT;1olra.,1 ro;ri0 lotc;r iir,t Tari yrrc_
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cleraeurr,?l Henoroplre rrre or}rrrrBre cnequaJlu- ra,nr,: Maftn Tailcou, 6oHcep-rff?fieroBec, Ba yqa'
cTH ropEonbrlnloro c opTa,oAllafto,cqrTaloT: no- c?ne B oJtEoMrs Marqeft na gBaErretreMnrroHa
cTosEHoycJrolltEfl.ETpaccy B yroAy apeJltrqEocTtr MEpa tronyqtrr 20 Mfi:r:ruonos no:rnapor. Iappu
copeBsoBasufi,opraEusaropln cTaBffTIrOAyrpo3y Itacnapor, Br,rtrtplrB&tMarq Ba BBaEtreqellrrrona
,rtuglrb ctroprcueuon. Be4r oIIu Eecytcfi BE[e tro Mupa rro m&xMaraM,noryqaer r 8-10 paa ueur-
cl{Jronyco crropocrBlo130-140 KEnoMerpoB Bqsc' Erylo cyuMy. Tanm o6paaoll, rpy6an cuepronoc-
a Ma,fieirtra.Eouru6nalromer flptrBecr! R traAentrIo, Ear cnra qerurcn xyAa 6omme ronnoro yua.
[2 3 ] . Ilpecuqerroe speJrnqaMu,qeJroBeqecrBorre-
V anroronquxon copernoraxnfi (Oopuyra-lt yctauEo ugobperaer EoBBle tr nosde aa6asBr.
cnopocrB uopoii gocrnraer 250 z 6oree fttrJlouer- B 80-e ronBr Bo BceMMtrpe B MoAy Borrrnucr{H-
poB B qac. CoorsercrsexHocltopocrs Boapacraer xponnoe rIJIaBaHue,(ppncrafir u rungceprfuur...
x ptcr. 9rcno xeprB B arxx copeBrrolaEr{ffxxc- I,Itorqa norne BnA6rctropra 6trsalor secbr',ra onac-
rtncfiaercs Aecsrr{aMn.Onacnrr, xcrar!, Ee roJrbllo nu. O4ro Ea MoAnBrxceiluac ya;reuenut - lptrx-
TpexoBlre ronnn, Eo n 6orrmue p&nntr. Becrofi rtr c Eblmx! BEEatolrosofr - (6aEA){EA}t{aMtrep3D.
1970 r. go BpeMff(panJla sena,DJIosAou- Mexa- (3to nooerpre trpnrn:ro13 Horoii 3enangulr, rge
no noru6 raypMaE {pauqyactoro ronquna EBJrfiercffttyJrhroBrrrro6prrAoMo4Eoror.r3Mecrrr,rx
I{orr,rerllrosu. B rurape 1992 r. ua {3-t'l arane nleuen.) Or ygapa o BeuJrrotrpeAoxpausercne-
paaau llapnx - fianap pas6nncr {paaqyacrnfi qaarBfibtft aracrusgr,rii fiarar. trBroroBJreflHr,rit
r,r3
Moro{nfiJrxcr Eturr, Jlala. A scero sa ncropsro coTeEllepetrneTeEEBrx peStrrroBBrxBoJronorr,H0To-
grnx paJIJrtrnorlr6ro 6olee 30 senosex. pr,rft KpetrETcflEa ftoJreEFXcMeJrBqar{oB - oE oc-
OnacsefiIrrlrMBtrAon cnopra 6rrl n ocrae(cg TaEaBJttrBaeT tratreErretr aaeTBoStrornEocTsno6o,r-
6onc, 24 ruapra 1962 r. auepnrancxufr 6oxoepKzg farEct bstrB ronoBoft etqe Be(oropoe lpeua. Ax-
Ilapper n 6oro aa anasue qe rrnotraMltpa B nony- TUBrCtf,rAaCTaEBarOl Ea rrpDSEaEUE gTtrXnpbr?n-
cpeAueuEecec 3unren lpu{{urolt nonyrltrJtrt- KOB rAH BUla CnOpTA, EeCMOTpS fla TO, qTo aTo
xe.nefimze rpaBMEr,ceMr' AEeft EaxoAtrrc.EB cG. gaEETEeorxo,lb ne 6eaouacso- rorrro to @nan-
-
croFsuE fioMbrtr yMep, He trpuxoAs B co3BaEtre. qun fi xoEqy {990 r. par6unocr,5 seroeex.
Io*uoxopeficrut 6oncep,(rox lty Kru yuep r uo- Tpaauarnau tr cueprB troqcreperaror cnopr-
n6pe 1982 r., qepes rrerrrrpeAnrr rrocne roro, narr cMeEoB Fe TOJI6I{OHa Br,ICTytrJreHtrffX, HO S AO Bpe-
eto Eor(ayrtrpoBaJr qeMrruor Mupa cpeAu 6oncepoa Mfi rpeuupoBorr. lla rpeuupoaxe,nanpnrrep.yriep
JrerfioroBecaPsii Maaqnun. B 1989 r. B troegnu- cosercxzfi xonftetrcr,qeltnnoE urpa Bunrop Blz-
re c Tepencou Ar,nu, veunuonon CIIIA r rerxou troB.
aece, uou6 6oxcep za ltor-g'llnyapa 22..;r.etsnfr Cepreanoii onacsocrblo rposrrr cnoprcMenaM
,{aauq Tuo. fiponycrua B AeBaroMpaysAe crpam- trptrHxrueAotrunra.Ilepanii u3Becrubriicnysafi ru-
arri annepnor o nog6opogox,Tuo pyxuyn 6ea co- oe,IE ctropTcMenaoT npneMa cTrrMynrryyroqtrx
BEaHtrE Ea r,raaax 6 rucnu 6ore:rlqtrr{oB Bo npenaparoB rrpor3oruen sa onuMtrEiicRuxnrpax
,{aopue cuopra Jhoua (tDpanqua), B rereure 1960 r. B 1967 r. anrluicnuft ae;roronrqunionr
30 uuuyr Bpaqtr trBlrarucb nepayrr Tuo coana- CuMncos cxonqaJrcf Bo Bper{jr ronor, Ee Brr,4ep-
Etr€, EO lor npoAon}Itan OCTaBaTbCE B COCTOffEtItr ,RaBaAcnofrcMectrfi(apbl, crpecca n neHapcrBeE-
ray6orofi nortr. Boxcep 6rrn ornpan,neur 6onl- Eoro npetrapara au(perauuua.B lgg0 r. {pauqya-
E!qy, rae a pa3Aenn,Jr yqacrb psAa cBoux trpeA- crtaff cnoprrrBnan raaera <3nnnl lpurena 6olr-
I[ECTBEEENHOB. moft cntrcox BeJroroEqtrRoB, yMepmtrx or cepAes-
Tanux cnyvaer B Ecroptra 6onca ueuano. C Hofi EeAoctaTosf,ocrr.r B pa8rap aucrylneauii I
1943 no 1988 t. rra ptrrre noru6ru onoro 300 npo- ooJIBmoM cuopTeuntr cpaSytrocneyxoAa tr3 ctrop-
ipeccroua,rr,rux 6oxcepor, a Dcero B XX sene ra. oco6enro MHoroyMepnoEtrfepnanAcriuxroH-
cBBIrtre?I{Csqn cnoprcuetroBtroJryrrnntrcMeptenB- qrrr(oE. B 1970-1990 rr. 3aperrrcrpnpoBaHo
BBrerpaBMlr no BpeM 6oricepcxzx troeltrnfioB. {6 npexgenpellenHhrxcMeptefi,npnvcu i2 ua nnx
flove,lry xte, Irecrrorprr rra rBnyro olacdocrb nptrxo[.rlof, Ea trocneAtrneqerhrpe roAa. Jlorqon-
IJt;*in3En ctroprcMeEoB, 6oxc ae oanperqaror?Peft cl{hfr (o6copDep u9fa3!H} trtrrxer, sTo (Tafire
jleoaap.l, uerorfia qeMnnonrrnpa uo 6oxcy n ae- cuepl[ yrlaclEntrcb,ItorAactroprcMexBr cTaJrtnptr_
cxojll,litrr BecoBBIxKarefoprlEx, oTBeqaJrEa tro- EnMarB aatrpeqearufr npeuapar 3IIO, no.ny"iae-
go6nue eonpocrrcxeAylorquM o6pasolr:<B rarou MErfitrg qenoBeqecxtrxrro{eri1noroprrfi trpon3Bo-

58
nET (papMaqeBTtrirecrueKoMtraEnx ItcnJuoqu?eJlLEo qepoBBaAropogou Ea Bbrco_
,(uerpo43ep?rinEcKoM
Ans neqeEtrE 6onBtnx B fiJInEllRax. Iloloxturenl- Te cBHme6 r{EnoMeTpoB cToJlt{HyntrcbABacoBeT-
noe gertcrane 3fIO auanorRqno rot{y, nanoe ona- crnx carrorera Ty-134A. B oarrouu3 Edx Eaxo-
ShIBaJrO CtreqltaJlhHoetrepeJIr,IBaIIIrerpoBII, rioTopoe Ar"'rac6{yr6o;tr,xaff HoMaFAa rlrrs ((fIax-
e6rcruer:i
ceiiqac aallperqeEo, xJru BBrcorrrhle rpentrpoBr{lt, ranoprl, Hanoneq, s 1987 r. a asuanaracrnode
Kolopbre paSpemeE6r: B r(poBtr yBenuqnBaJrocblio- uorz-6la xouanga flepyaEcKoro rly6a <Antrucl.
.[utlecTBo apnTpoquToB, tr o?Aaqa cnopTcMeHaBo3- 14Hor,qacnoprcMcrlbtcraEoBflTcrr)t{oDTBaMu tro-
pacralra Ha 10-12 nporlenrol. IIo rqafineii ne- r nrt,lqocFrrrcrpaereit.H a MrosxeHcr:ori o..lutlnua-
pe, rari yrBep?r(Aa;rn.Orpuqare:rr,unii rne aS{enr le 1972 r. apa6cnnereppopncrlr B riacecrne3a-
3aI{JlIOqaJICffB TOM, qTO Cryrla.rracb l{poBb, trepe- Jrox{HnRoB saxaaruJrtr n OununuficnotaepeBEe,B-
rpyr{aJ'rocBcepAqe, 3anytroprrRar cb aprepuu r, panJrrrcr{ux caoprcMesol.,{aolx ua Enx y6nnu
lrcpoflTro, BoartrriaJr rpoll6oe. flpanga, nlr ogrrn cpa3y.a eqe aeBarepbrx - Eecr(onBKo no3AEee.
cyAbfl B cBoeM oTqeTe o clrcpTlI touqnr(a He IIa- Bce JTo- cMeprtrctroprcMeuon, Oglaxo cnoDr
:rrnal 3IIO, cBnsb c rruu 6r,r.ra slrcro crar{c?rr- y0uBaerrr 6oleatquxoa. I onr.a6ps1975r. uoc.ne
cecntrM coBtraAeluell. Ho roquo ralt xte Eer(orAa .rtarsag Masrre 6oncepon MoxaullegaAlr u ,{xo
o6uapyxrn.lrn cBffBbM€rr(Ayr{ypeHrleMtr paKoM Jrer- rrrp-3aepaJacrpeJrr:rcR noluqeficxui, nocraaue_
linxD. turii na lo6egy (Dpaaepa rpexuecgesoerfiaroBanhe
Paoyueercn, cMeprL noAcreperaer ctroprcMe- ( 6oi.iB6trrpanAla). B 1990 r. Bo BpeMEqeutrr{o_
HOB [ 3a trpeAenaMr! torlosnblx Tpacc, pIIHIoR II rraraMDpauo dyr6o.nys I,Iraruu o4ur coponaler_
Apyrtrx cfloprtrBlrrx trnoqaAor(. 3sauenurrrft co- Hrir ertrrtTffEtrError(ourrtrJr
xnaxt calroy6uficrnolr,
Bcrcnnfr roKKeucr, uuoronparRr,rfi tIeMnuoE Mupa y3FaB,qro xouan4a Erunra npourpa;rac6opno6
t o.nuunldicxrx nrp Banepufi Xaplalror notu6 n .\trr,rrrnco cseroM0: 1. <Mos xzasg trotroruJra n
arrouo6nlr,soii naracrpo{e. Taxan xe cueprt rioHqy, KaIt ToJrhfio3aRoEqtrJrcx rpyr6ontutrfi lrarv
rracrnrJra t[yr6onncroo Ro anAbr <flnnauor (T6u- elunTtrH-C aEtJltrqaEaMnt,- HatrtrCAnOH B npo-
rucu) Teliuypa:a Crenasus u Bnra.rur fiapace- rqanbHofiaanucxe.Cauoybrfiqa eqe name:r n ce6e
"rufl, qexocJroBaqnyro Snrypucrxy Xauy Mamxo- CIIJIBI CAeJIaTh trptrnncxy c trorl{eJlaHtreM ernflcT-
ny. Enreuux Ila:ragnx, qelrraoua Mtrpa o xofifiex) cxzu $y_r6o.nucraM yctrexa Ea rreMutronareunpa
c IIffqoM, 3apeaanfi Eo]r{oM B 4paxe. }tour,no6ex- 1994 r. {naqqarrro ro[aMu paurureraroft cryvii;i
ny I,Inry Apranouoay (Bopouuny), qer;rpernpar- npouBoruenBo BpeMr qeMrrrouara ulrpa r I\Ien-
Eyro qeMnlronr{y lrupa, y6u.n ee Mynr, To}ne xouh- cnne.Torga nycrz:ra ce6enylro r:ro6 uovrennax
no6exeq. Axaroluii ltorxelrrriuu, {yr6onucr xo- ceHboparrBCanr,aagopa- rotr{e u3-aa upofirphrrua
nau4n <,{anauo)l, Bacrp.EJra lr{re, cral grr6n- fioMaEABrcnoeii crpaarr, Bo apeux roro rrte tretr-
par6cr, B sro BpeME:rutpr loexal, tr cnoprcuerra IIlroEara oAEE M€I{crrKaEeq,nptrroBopeHHbrrlK
saAaBuJronacMeprE. Eoncep Ba:repuii floneusen- cMeprEoii ftaBHu,yMoJruJrrropeMEoeEaqa.rrbcrBo
r{o ynaJr, crrycHarcb no JrecTHuqe,rT, yAapuBrrrEcr, oTJIOifinTbfia3HE Ha TpIr EeAentr- Ao oltoHtraHufi
ro,iloBor.ro cTyneH6liy, troryrrllJl cMepTeJlBHyK) tleMnr{oEara, Oguano npuronop Ee trpu noch
TpaB-
uy. (Dyr6olucr r{oMaHABr <<Topne4o>(Mocxoa) u UpnBoAETLB rrctroJruetrtre- ocy)fiAeBBbr&yMep or
c6opnofi CCCP Banopnfi Bopouuu norr6 ns-sa lrEQapttra,Kor[a yaEan, vro c6opxan Mencrxr ro-
IIL'IIICTBA. repnena fipynnoe fioparr{enrre.,(pyrofi lrexcuna-
Ilocrognnue trepenerr,rAJrffnrp B paaEbrxro- r{eq paBpEAuJro6oftuy nrcrolera a 6ape n.reno-
poAax trorlbrrnarorrxaucrr urpor{oB,ocoSenno$yr- Bexa, fioropBrfi r(partrgecKn oqeEnn rlrpy Mencn-
6ortur,rx r xoxrieisrrx fioitafltr, a ru6e r,. B raEcnofi coopEoi.
191r8r. rr arroararacrpodre uornira cosercxan Boo6rqe. rbyr6or qeAp Ha (fiocBeugBrercr\rep-
xox(eiisax nonarrAa BBC- B 1958 r. roq l\[ron- Tlr. Korla roroBnJrct qeutruonar unpa 1990 r.. npn
xenorrynar ;raiinep <3:rnaa6er-609r, ua xoropon peMoETe rr crpourenBcrBe @yr6ontnrrx cragrrorroB
erera antnuiicRaaifyr6oltuaa nolranga <NIan- torn6llu 24 pa6ovllx. lI aro eqe qBeroqritr tlo
.recrep Io aiireA). Ilorn6lu trotrr[ Bce ([yr6oru- cpaBueurrrc c reM, sro llarlr 6o;re:rr,qufirr, trpl{-
crbr r{oMan,qbr, B Tou qncJreEupn, Sgnapgc,Taft- xoAtnltre ra cTaAr{on6r,3a cBoe trpncrpacrtre K 3pe_
nop, Ilafiu, Itoylrueu; B )r{trBbrxocraJrocrrroJrbno :ruqau. Ho o6 erou n cnegyroqeir r.rare,
EecKoJIbT(O.qe.rIOBeK.AeBffTLK) IOAaMr.r paHbrne
flyqrrraff Ha ro BpeMr rrraJrrrrrrcliaff $yr6olrnan
fiouanAa <Topunol JlereJra B calroflere, fioropbrii
Bpeaancffr co6op 6;rua Typuna. B 9n.rrn s 1961 r. CMEPTbB TO.TNE.
uag Anganu noreptren xaracrpo{y caMoJrer c
24 urponalru n.ly6a <Ipzn npoccr. B 1968 r. ra-
ria.E )fie cyAb6a nocrnrJra (fyr6olrcron rs 6orr- I,Irar, qononrno 6olllroe rrcno 6oletrlqnnot
Brficfioro xry6a <CrpourecrD: rrx calroJrerRpeBaJr- (oco6enro {yr6ollxtrx) ru6qer na craAxouax,
cs B ropy. B 1979 r. trs-ea ouu6fir aBr.raAscler- HecMorpEEa rplrutrlvraelrbrelreptr Oesonacnocrn.

59
lluupnrtcp. 1i arpe;ra 1989 r. no Bperlr Marqa 'Ialr. ua leclruqc N I Eo;rr,nroii crropr[BEoi
]r(,aiJy riolal,litrlrr Julepuy.ra n Ilorrttslelta ua apelu jlyxruulioa, u flpouilorrrJlocaMoecrpamuoc,
c i it;lu()rre<,Xrr.r;rc6opo> B Illedr{rrr;r1t,(;\nrlnn) n Iiru-ro cnornuylcfl rr ynilJr. 'le, xro nolrrral-
114yc.nortoria.Hec.raclLe
.'rilBtierr ]ralrrrrierrolrr6.rrrr cq IIotr{oqh.ocraIIoBlt"[ucIJ 6tr.rrn ltt'ueAlenno
l IporI 3(, lJ I . t0 u , l - i l a o l ) a c To p o ir IIo cT II 1 Io ]tIIu lIII. I.Io - (rlrglbl rloiolioir, roBa"rretIhIrr pacrourallr. O rrux
roii o Irr;riur;,;arlrrrr r l)14])a;l\rel{ernlrr6o.le.'rr,rrlrrrtou rrpoAo.rrxa.rtu cltoTr{riaTr,crr;lpyffle. ropa Ten poc-
ri ,t , t \ rir' lr l r p t | r ' | l l | U f u u l . u.la lt,r lte p Bo tt o $ u | ll u- ;ta. "ilecrququbrt' trepuJla e Bujlel)ir(a.lu.(rLrcrpe,
c l,rJaurrDlr. l'onolr paulrue, 21 nan 1988 r'., ua .rtuB).orlereJrrr B croporr.y.Ilporuy,rttct, aie,-re3Hbrc
.iorr;t(,lclioMoraArrolo <Vly6iru> !o up(,\1trTpa;llr- IIpyT6fi To.lqlrHofi r la.req, u .rr()Au.urrqelr rte 3a-
qilorlloii rcrpe-r lreaily c6oprrr,rrru -\lr[,!rru u .l ep;l tl l uael l hl l ,. cl i r,|l l t|i l Ji rTL gt t.r tti t ri ctuuH tti i
IJl ol;riurTltrlrrro1116.rrr 90 rreJoBeri. l Io.1.
.lleualrlryro IrsBecltrocrr, lpuo6pcro lro6orulo - fl ue cla,r i+iAarr,.noria rrorrs croJriuyr.-
rte;n;1r,a rrr,ruiict'nl\tII Ir IrltJt l)tl c tilr[1u 6().i0.'Il,ItUt- pilccril3r,rBagr{y11orr ),ll(!;lcl]ltrrii Xlitticnrr 6Llr
riirrir ra cralrroue <liiee.rr,> r Iipruccc,,lerr 19Ui r'. rior,- Irl6rrrr),.[ culr, tll lrerrrr ry,f lic yni],rr riro-
1rorrper\rlrr.lntratrtxoii lrpr,r sa elpolei.icriuii Iiy6on 'to euIo. l .t fl I|o11.l l 'l .1 co:Jl tl U O...
rrr'\uluoroB lre;Hgy <Jlrruepny;rcllil n <lOucury- l!ro gp1'11''r'olie (ttor]03,rro).Or nplrrly.rr ne
c r'l l r. i Jro 6blla He lr r p . ;rro ,l u r.ta B o i i | | .rr.- rl ] llaqllo. HOfil 0[o. 3ilcTpr |triltr Ite?ri!y rpyT}rrMrr
Itliilce rrp0fioIrMelll.lrpoBa,'rl)orclrrrrllrtlceuiJBccl- .rrecrHr.llBI, cr-rolrit.lacr,. I Iapelr, rrollrc Brlt3 ro.iro-
rrr,riirfpauqyacnuii {yr6oJlcr NIlure,rl IIaarusu. ttoii. Teprx co3rraflrleor HcBttrroc Moii 60.'lIt. orI
[ [ a r.ra :r at 6U r ur c H' r .rp u re ,re i r tti r c r .0 ro l te l { ue 3HaJrrorAa, qro JTo ero rr cnacJlo. Ynanlr ou
\lrr"i.trrorroBreleapureleii alrlniicnne 6ole.nuqn- BHlr3- euy BplA Jn{ y[a"rrocrr6u na6exarr, yracrr
IiIf ItycJII;I[ IbTIIOBbIeIUaUItII U COCOAITI T Ctlli- llpyrux. rior(rllbte6lr,'ru pa:;lat.lertrr o 6eror rp)'
TOp, rIe crrAeJIrrtrpuerailrrrue lla itaTq r{Ta.irLrI|r-
;(ot{ TeJI.
ctitte ru{{o:u. flpoaoriaqua y4arach. llralr,lHlllr ...Cropo na roiry r,rcryllentr JrecrHIrI{bIocra-
6pocu.tucr, ra cBoux o6u;1vnron. llannaa,'racLlo- .rrcrr ToJILT{o}repTBbrell ltoTepSBIIIueco3IIaHrre.
racooria. Tclr BpeMeHei\r roA rranoporrHeytpaBrE(,- Ilerioropn:vt erle Mo;riHo6lr,to louoru, Ho or{a3aB-
)roii ]racc[r apurencii rie Br,rAepxiafl]rI o6pyltn- l | | rccr rpeI :rprtr' (..teirri c,' ry,ri ri i rrrrxnpuro;ti trx
.'lrrci, 3 rpaAuTer'IbHbre p(lIItcTlillJ operopoAri[ cori- lplrru ne cuolltr rrpoiirrrr,crcntso3Irl.'rorIr),rcqenL
loIr.rr. 6erouubre xepor.opo,qr.lr.I3 pe_;ry"rlla,re ]flr.rrr{rr|t I BoerIllhrr, olil)ytiaBr]fltx ]recTo Tpafe_
;Ji),r(,.tolrcti6r'r.rrrpalr;1ttl.rrclr,t r,rJtIl 3arotllit rrT,rtril- ;trrrr. Iilo-ro Br,lllril.'r(cri(rpylo>. Cnu.rala yaet,ru
c \Iol)1-t,. ;ti Il l Ltx, u ti i l ;Ii A yI0 Il al tIl H \. aal rtrrttl ai trl uo 4-
Iioxoinln !tcroprrrr ltpolr3orn,rtal,pelrrr foj(arnl i qe,noleri. 13 rrpnelruolr loroo 6o.rluuqn tntcrur
purrLruc 20 onrr6pa 1982 r. rra nrocr(oBcliou ct.il- ( iri,rrrrlocorrcttoroIr\ rlr)lrp)?tiarrt r era.-rfi 3a l]o
Itrttlttr, tr.lII;tirrnn11)ItocJ]g lrtr.ra tiolranTl <Cttitlt roii ttaprueii. 'l pyrrr,rcrila;1r,rluinrlrla6o;rgllr le-
rir ro (Il o cr iua) - < X aa p ;re rrr (Ib " u ,ra x g rn ). l l r, l)r,Arrrrrr{'fllrJrlo\l ilerrrruS. IIrru 3atrrr"'urcr, lto3Aie...
3il TOfo rl'to rlllJtrrqnr{ leper,ipLr.[a oAHy II3 Ats]\ t:r 1 l.
. i ('ctI{il II. 1J rr,tca,{ 6oJoJrllqulioBq3 oArrrrHill{qilT' ,(lt.luiilrar cropurrrporr:orrrna n nro;re{gg0 r.
cf ti r'ollr)lI rpu6yrr,r <Crr ur,tlvxigenr,r 6lt.rrtt rruttr ril c?aArrotre I tr'lora4rruro(Crrrra,ru). lla rlyr
Jrr1l, ll(J cl{ritcTlteItIIoIt ocraBuericff JIocrIItIIlc. (,o.-rr,rrolI trr-|qo,rircTr,3prIT(,.,r(,1 ocBl,tct.itJaIrpe
IjorrrIIl rrororr.rAe flruAll 6tr,'tncrpatltto crllcrr] Trrr. lIIJclr'r'acrltarrLrNloxaucAa(lua;1li.rppe.B orter.
rtpo;1r't lorrulocrr Tilri Muor.o, .rro lroiritro iir,r"r, r l l ) c i l I I - l e l l l C l i u f l O I p . r t L i t 0 i I L t . t : t r , t ( , t t r , n O r p U r i l
IIe lt c l)oc riLI l . ' I f t T L u o f l I - T 0 JIII:l 8 Ce p a IlEo IIe c;td li rrrJr. llo (,Ol|uttirJlbllt,rr ,.Ulllrh$I, ttortt6.ro 23 qr,-
Brr\ojl\'. OJttr{ rr:t 6o,lelt,Iqunon noBAIIeetcrro} r ,-loreIta, OAnaXO r\lenillyHill)oAur,lC tpaBO3arIlIt.rrrrc
rra.L: rrlior':tl ,r ]:lr{AeJI ct.l)arruo. rleecrecl.lcrrrrc oprilrnraarlrrn lracrrrraitn 400 xieprn rroii
6oiiulr.
riari-r'o ialpolittulroe Jrrrqo trapHH co cepyiirioii r 06'r,eluteuur,rii coiraluiictilrii liourpecc
- l50t).
ripoB[ Il3 IIoca lt tIo]Ir{ir,{To on 6ea coauanlr{, lltrg ,\ Bor oAHo uJ rroc,rreAtn_\ npoucruccrrurii tlr
c1iIJIOC',t ptutIlo..., xolo_ poAa. B annape 1991 r.. e IOAP ro epcu.r
(trl ;lirriteIlrrrr riil Jul]a\ cliBo3l nopLr rpoc.|Jl
{yr6o;tr,uoto }rarqa lla-lJa cloprrot-o pcirrerrrlrl
rril.lil ripourr,- pilccria3r,llli oT,ql)ytrre orleBrrAqr,r. cy/tr,u 1r03Hrlti.rru
loJlreHtlrr cltcgu 6o,,re.rlrrqrrrion.
liro ro llai]6n.ir 61'lr,r.rtt <Oarl.u>. ocl{oJrritr or trIIu R Ltr,]t{i ]l ,tct, B nol acoB Ii y. l } po3J'JILTaTe l i oT!)
riorolloii ue ctrror,rrrrilit;tic ].flaclr) rra no.n. 3alxarr,rt, poii norrr6.,toorio;ro l0 rrer'roBeri,
lr 't-ouqrrc.-r(,
r{teH
\,,';li:I\ TeJ-IaMIl,Onn pBajllt o.f,erfily u pe3aJlrr Jlro- lqr ILI.
jlL'ii. llo;rric tlpacn c y?fiacolr r.tsle.tn fi;6arpoar,re Maccosrre Jpe.:trrrllaBcer[a rarrr n cer!, j3p1,y9
lii il'rir)rr).llrrriJI - oTIle qaT]ilr cli.] a.lori 0,1(,tril(rrr.ny_ n!lo oracsocrl. Oco6euso :lro orlrocrrcr li RoE-
I.)lltlIi. :lilCTe;Iieli. HenOlOpr,re ocestr,frlbr
).Trje[)iri- {eprarr port-MyabrRu,I{orla rncrll c.,ryuar.c.leii.
r'r Il f,le C.la 6b lr ' O t J li, . r . llt \ ' air , , i- lr , f t . . lr HepeAfioEal{arraBrrrtrxcfi
.f uap lioTI liaurr, I]prlBoAtfT
ri0llrr.lollI I lr oijrtnrillrue (,.rritrIl)oJ0,.tilia.,ruJurI- li _lreqaJrrrubrlr
noc"rreAcrlursu.B .rarycre 1969 r.
lilrLc,t li LLI\LuJ' Bueo.Ic 0 i}iu!ln.u!. u By4clone (CIIIA) u purrha\ Jerrri{cuua xrtrtrlJ

60
I o.l ,1 (! : r oll . , - lh) ; uB L .u rrl r rt 6 p l tc re o ,l n p o u re .r goncrure noiicrta cnlori ocloix,rgrrnu IIeserL. qro
r pectl rBt,l, I ilc f ilc c r B l l \l y ;]b tri rI.l \[e c re q x o V a i rr- IIpIrBe.'Iofi I[HOrOqrrc.leHrrrrrtr
qe,rroBe.IecnIIIIrlieDT_
.leiiri. l'le rtpoxoAtrJn riorrqeprhr rroil orKpbrrr,ru B A ]I.
rrr00Ir. cTaJIOIteCTOlrna.rroIllluqecTBacoTeII lbr_ Ecrr, cryvalt, IiorAa n xplcrrra cftue c.rryxte_
cnv ,rrru;1eii. B rrrore na Bropoii qeH6 drecrnaa;rx rua lp]lBo,f,nrri rrrOe,rrr
,rro.rcii,B lgg0 r. s ttu _
urr.irlr 3aTorTaHr.r traclrepTL TpI,I qC.[OBeKa,nO OA_ nrrco rprr opraltx3arllulr,ccbI,Ila xoroDoiilps_
rrolry lra Harr{AocclroBo rr3 AeBrI3a.Cto",rtrto xe cylcrBoBit.trrana IIoals llaee,! ll. noouroru,ra
rrciroRetir]0116"111 6 lcria6prr lg69 r.. uu tlrecrrrrare crl)aulluatanxa, J,lror C norrrirrrrrr,i3 6esna_
l, A,[r,TaNoure. ltporoJuutur,]I no;1 leauaorr <fl.y. .rr 19ll r. u-.\lerclrieBo upr,ln g"r,,nuro'ooi*
cTrr;r RpoBrraEfe.talt). Bo Bpe]ffl lioHqepTa tpy[_ B rlFCTcqht,tla.trt Ht 5.lriOii y,rOlrio. Lp:tyrqeil ri
r rr,r<R o l l i r r g s t ones > .E l l e 7 i J 0 q e ro a e Hn o .u y u u :rn rpalry. cotx,Tr.rc6ABa noror{a .,rrogeii.B DeavJBTare
I BeC6s. sorl rrrrLuei iIaB ri r tl | Ii l H trri l tl oruu 41' oei one^,
I{ari lalrerul eule 1,. Iilrlllrnr, u
<3ala4 ecrl lorr, qr{cjre 13 ncreii.
ljauaA): (lrn.lLrr,cturrlrii ro lpelr'l aroro fioHqepra, J\ glrcny ItoTerrqnaJrLrrool]acuLrx oTlrocgTc.a
rgc 6lr,,ro orqer..luro u,r1rro.rian lorrr6aror rixr4u, TariTKeAelorrcrparlrrrr. ttoJ]r.trrrsecftue llanu{ecra_
l o .l L llu J ir llPIBLl'. lpu lle .t0 "lr I| n p OHa T A sp } f pC rlttu rr nco6etuo riopoHarlnu uoropoHbr tocyAap_
li rrrr.r.rr r or r oJ
x o. r . r r po B4 o * o q a . ,(e n " r" oax C TB E IIII6IX JIIITC D OB .
lryr - trll anruqHatr rppaaac ronalru He rrorycliBe- ""
,(rn Pocculr aesuort 6o"rLb or3r,rBaercncraB-
,ra1rriopee nao60por,. IUee Hapuqareflbrr;rlr cJroBo(XorLrnna). Ha Xo-
Bocron Toxte rre 6elrpeuen no vacru cuepreii .tbl H cl i ol l rro.re l 8 l ras 1890 r., ur_,B peMs opaJtr-
tso lpc,\rfi rraccoBbtxc6opurq. Xllycyntrraae nepeA- fl ecra tro cJysatu H opoH arl rruH nno,ras l l . co,l oa_
rio roru6aror Bo BpetrE xaAA*ia - rpaArrqEoHHoro Joc6, tro pa3Hllu oqeIIRaM,or 500 rtrcnq no lonv-
A,rrrucnoBelvmqfix rc,tau uarolruugectsa s MeIt- r opc tnItJ.nnoHoBqe.lo'cri. .,{ri}}titaa,u,t.'. no,y",it
riy (CavnoucriaaApaarra) +. lrn lruorrrx lrycy,rr,, qapcfirrx troAapoK- 3r{aJrrrpoBaHllyr0tipyxin}.
c
rIaH tr]'Tb H cBflThlHflIloriaJLIBireTct{ uoc,TeAHeit Ao ulr[qrraJranlrr u leparopa rr 6ylra*intrii Kyleri. B
por.ofr Ha 3etr.'re. noroptrii 6srnu sanepnyrlr xycori xon6acu. 6y.lHa,
'fan. r naqa-re nro"rs 1990 r. Ro BpeMFtianArria .leaeHqbr u tr.flToric,pcxoe. Ileaeponrltafi traBtia,
lorl6.'rn 1120 lra.-ro.\lrrrRoB. [3 rynne;re qruuoro ycyry6aenaaa o6rropoxrl rrrrr traul rnori i.rprree.tax
l tiIr.'tolIf'al).IioTopbtu cBH3r,IBaeT cBfiT6rEtrUC.IIa- ruue.'ttr rrHoriecrBa Jtrl[eir. Olbuqualurrlre ltcroq
rlu. Btr(\3arto B6TIIJIau3 cTpofi cncTella BeHTaJlfl- Hr{Ku rr3Berqajru,qro uorlr6.lrr 1389 qeJoseH, B
r{[r r ]roHArrqr{onrrpoBanlrs noanyxa. Jlo4eii, sa- npecce ua3brBaJrucr, Apynre q $pbr _ or 1rtro ;1rlr-
lo.rnrrBuru\ tynrre,tl (ux 5rt;ro upzllepno 50 rlr- cs. SeqepoM Tofo AHg uMDepaTopraHueBa.l
cr{q), o\uilTrr.{il lIrlHrIfia. otln traqaJ]rr eTaTLcflB xagprr.nl a-6a,ry y'r{e rlpruuy:ctloro nocra -\lorrre-
rroxctia\ lrhrro/1a l ctraceHrrs. N{norue eagoxny- uenJo II0A trJlaroyxaHlre100 Thlcfl,l upoBaHcaJ,lL.
.r11c_L- tt itidpej 6br.'lll 3aAaB"'IeHLt fi.rrrr3aTotrTaHLl. cfinx po3, AocTaB,rrenHr,rr I lloctiay riypbepcfixtr
rpenrr roAaltrr paHbrlle, Bo Bpeltff xaAAllia I1oe3,qoM.
l987 r.., s Merinc lporrtoutnrr ynntrHhrecroJrnrroBe- B ve-l-o^ae.recriyro rracopy6ri5 fl peBparuJrrrcrra
r{IIfl ]lerr{AyfpynIJa}rn B{rpynrqux u3 pa3HbrxcTpaH, vapre 1.9i3 r. noxoporr6rl,locufua Cra,rrrua. Iorr
u liorollrrrr rroru6;rtr /r02 qeJoB0Ha,B Tolrr sltcre r-BreHxIr l-BTyIltentto.noroprtii e rro.roqocrr 6r,t.t
L7J ul.rorrrrrnlounlr llpaaa. llp:rnqu yrnepx4alu, oqeBnAqell3roii crpa[rEoii r{croplll,r,cuycra 37 ler
rlro iloJr,r lornilru rrt-ta ,l.oro. qt,o traJtouHIIl{ots c Itn,r_{ l l .rl u
oicrpe;ra.rit lroilrlqltl. O{nrptall,naa Bepctrg rna- " fl oropoH l r C ra.rrrnao
(H HocIr.I I ce,fc gce f,TU roJLMc o o:ltltHaHIIF.
cur, qro r1l.'rollrttnlr 6r,r.lrt clrrrrbr lI pa3AaB,!eEBr o roM. qro n 6r,tl ralr, nnyrprt eroii To.utrLI,)r.oii
Iro Bpelrfl rl irlrrrqecrioro 6etcrra no y3lir{rr, Tecnr,l}r ,ryAoBnrqxollnaBritr.- paccr{aBrtga,rt Enryuenno I
1r Ayullrrrrv ol rrect ep[lt]roro 3rrofl y.[uqa]t Henoaa- oAHotl ua rflrrepBLlo.- :JTa To"rllla_ ruraHTcritfl.
:reny or lio"rr,uoit lrevern, HofAa ysacrHnliz ro- rtgorortrHa.n... V nce 6rt",ro a lrrore otruo odutee
.1I{Tl{rrecriol{ Ae}t0llcrpaqrl11 noJlyqx.]I11 loltojr_ .l uU O- JIIU o MOIIC TpAJrO . Ir C ei r.l aCl l 0t{ i Il O B l l
r l l l l cJLllLtll ilap tl.l l,{-.rltft loJ I lLt \ : ' ] lO qui I t t HeBd. ,xerrr- IiorAa lr,rctvl co6palultxcfi B]recre ".Ito_
r : L l ilB HLr \ UlrltcJlc|||tr'\r ( r jlr ' Tbt \ B r epny t r r r pop- ;leii. 6blrL rroir{er.cutlrrarlrqrrbr-\na?Iinr,Iiir orAeJrrr_
)rJ' cayAoBcrilrx rlOJrfllelrcriu\. ||rJc1l{. cTIllIOB,rTCt{ }tOHClpOII, }Ie} lll]irB;t,re}l[,III,
A eule parrlue, u 1!171) r.., rpyuna rlnrrro8 tr ;tieatotitt.\t. ttortu 5 .rrcpefi neper.irllltt!iulo.lcg Jllt_
c l H l turoB c o l')'Eiue r\t u I r \ t ir \ 3ax Bar l, r a Bo. r l u.1... il ItoMEto JTo. 11 JTO riUl.rO :pe.rrrrqe auoxu
rutr0 \rerrelL r HeHoTopou Bpe]l.q yAeplrinBana ee, JEnC[CeCrioe...
r rl i ol:ujrr' .lJcll|JIllJltutF(Tb llp t , t u, r t t - , npupot l. Ct ' v BeAl rorAa rrpolr3onrro)Iiorrengaryparo_
-1lg * pacuoprl[.r]rcLorprifrrrL
poqalr I{fB Tpy6nylr
* XaAAai flpoAonrl{aelcs otioro
,!8,!x EeAe.rb. s ero
IoJraiL.ll coBepu[Ttr tro \lellltljei epe olEq pa3 B ;'ri!Ig- * \'lasrcrepcrEo l.ocyjlap!rBenEoi
6e3otracsocrrr_
u! ridiri.fLrii B€pyrcqlri \t!cyJL,rn{lI!. 1aft r ro apert sa3brBaxcrF.IE.

61
morqaArrBoeEEIJlMtr rpy3ollnfiaMtr,tr co cpeTeEKEi IIo 4arnrru npo(foccopaI4. A. ]typranona, unc-
co ctrycKa,x.rrblnyirarleJroBeqecrtalHuarapa,,nrogl ro notz6mnx or petrp€ccufitrpn coB€rclioirBnacrll
6u.rrr galurr, Apyr Apyra, ne3Tr,qepsa
BBrs!'?{i,lenbr ranoso (qa(!pH npuBoArrcaorpyrnenno):
loua, IiBaprtrpbl,ouu rn6;rn, 6lrln clyuau, notga Epoctrbr&reppop ( 1917-1923 )
rn6;rr aeru, 3ro 6r,I:rorloxome na ro, I{orAATortra at(aAeMEru,rlpooeccopa,trrlcareJru,xyAo}IrHtr.
uper ua {yr6or u.nu 6onc. Te, rto uurorqa ue nx, yqtsToJti,cryAeqrrr - 160 rucnv;
BEAer UTanasa ,fiuBlllrl, xorertr yBtrAerLero xorrr qmoltstItl, o$rrqeplt, $a6plrHanru, toprol-
6rr rrrepraurt,Ho ral( { Fe yBr{Aentr.He ysuAea n ru - 170 rucgq:
r... Jfto4u Hs rrafiarn. flnanarn, HorAayctulnanlr uo:ruqetcxze, xaEAapMr,I- 50 rucnr;
coo6rqesueo cMeprn rolnAn, na nyxrrx, Ea yJltr- qyxorencrto - 40 rrlcnr;
rlax. SAecr tfie Bc€ npeBparn:rocr a 6ops6y ea pa6osEe,ftPecrBfise- 1300 rncnv;
BhrrfisBanne,a 6uray sa xnara. JLo4t rn6nu, sropafl eollrla qevucrueo?oreppopa (1923-
BTrrcHyrhre B f,Tor ncHyccrBeEEhlft ftBaApar uB 1930) -Z Mrnnuoaa; (RyJrafttrt- 750 rucsq;
rpysoBxnoB.Oqeu:renuroHputlantr: <V6eprre rpy-
Tperb& Bo.4t1& venucrcno?oreppopa (1933-
sosunnll .fl uoMsro ognoro oilrqepa, oE I IaHaJr,
1937) - 1060rucsq;
E, Elaqat cnacax gerefi, oE roBoptrntoltlxo: tHe
ervoeu+t r(t ( 1937-1938 ):
uory, yxaaauufiuer...r[25]
usterruresqrr, pa6ovue, fipecrbnne-
Craaana troxopouunu. Ilponrno 38 Jrer, u Bo
Bpeug trepecrpofrxuM6rcHoDacraEoBltMcscBI{Ae- 635rucru;
rrreElr KouMyulcrnqecnoft trapftrtr - 340 rBr-
T€rsME rrfitrx c.nyuaearz6elt Aerefi n roaue. B
xoEqs Drapra* aatranearpers 1991 r. s Mascne, cEq:
qEcrna ltpacnoli Apuuu - 30 rncau;
H&Ktr Bo Mxortrx Apyrux ropogax CCCP, uauancr
xne6nrd 6yu, cnaaauuuii c npsAcloffBmsMuoBbr- npe|eoeuvuteu noc"reaoev,rlbte eo?at(1938-
nIeuuem qeH. B oAsor cnyqae, no coo6qenuro 1947) - 2700 r:l,tcse-
ar€rrcrBa tl4nreptpancl, uoxytrarenBcart atfino- Haxo4acr B RouqJrareprxu ecru so noru6,rz
rax enoEqtrncffrpareAueii.Ha Iapruaancnou upo- or EenocuJrbEororpyAa, To 6r,rlrr o6peuenr,rna
crreKreualportrB ytrrrBepMara (benapycbDB ose- yMtrpartre nocae ocro6ot*rqeB.nn- 20 MuJrJrrroEoB
peAtr y xnebtroro MaraatrHa6rrn gaaasnes celrn" B surnfi npeAceAarenbl(IE B. ItprovHol upr-
retszft Marr,qun. Ilpn6rrnuax (criopa.EnoMorqrt Ber, olsafto, trf,hreAauEBre.(Ao cEx trop Ha3BIBa-
onoaqa;ra- pe6exor( cxoutra.rrcn. ror caltlte paarrnrrnbrequ(fprr penpeccrporau-
Peropnuoe r(oJruqecrBonoru6uux B ToJrne- tr6rx- or 20 lo 60-70 MrnruouoB,- BaffBtrr os
ttptrMepso 4 rstcs'tu, qeJloBer(.Clyvulocl ato B oAEoMns nETepBBlo.-B [eftcrsn'rerr,rrocrus
8 unas 1941 r., TrorAaBo BpeM.B BoaAyrxEoroua- 30--:40-e- naqa,re50-x 6brro ocy?HAeno 3778234
nera Boauur(xatratruriaB 6ou6oy6erxnqer.I:Iyn- rIeJIoBeKa, ua Hux paccrpens.rro786098 qefioseri,t
qna (Itrrafi). f26].
I{oEeqdo, Ae&o ae B qn![pax. {axe oqrm pe-
trpecclpobaEEbrfiqenoBeR* BeqEbriiynop trana-
qau E ux aAoororau. It rolry xe qutppn B. ltprou-
CIIEPTbII NO.IRTIIIIECI(IIEPEIIPECCI{U. r{oB[ ocuapnBaroTtrEorue aBToptrTeTEbre ucToprr-
Hn, xoItr S pacxoAgTcsB loqEhlx o4eEnax uac-
urra6oBpenpeccuE.A. Asroxos-OBceearro,Hanpu-
Crpeuleaue n cro6oge goporo o6loqurcr aro- uep, o6paqaer BEnMAExe aa ranoi {axr: r 1956r.
AEM,CnnmI(oMqacro 3a BTolrpxxoAnrcfl trJraratb rorgaruunfi trpeAcelarenr IIIB A. Illeaeunr uoq-
co6crBessoft2r{EBsEro. C 1961 r., rotqa 6ula nos- rorostr,trIJrfl H. C. Xpyqera ctrpaBfiyR XX crea-
aeqena6eplnacxag crerra,u Ao ee naAeErrruorpa- gy ITUCC o KortrqecrBs penpeccrponanur,rx.Co-
strqurnaMtr f{P 6u:rr y6nru 201 qeroBs*, nrr- rracxo arofr cspaBRe,c anBapff 1935 no nrcnr
ragmaeca6exarr s @PI. 1941 r. ux EacqurhrBaJrocb 19 840 rucgq. nozseM
Ho oru qu{pr,r, paoyM€ercfi,rrutlro no cpaBEe- 7 ur*:ruosos ua gnx notn6 a n repsuii xe rotr
tr810 c lraccoBr,rMupenpeccztMrr toTanarapE6rx (6luu paccrponnnbrtrntr ymepJruoi uuron)[271.
({amtrcrcltrfi rr (ormyurrcrtrqecnnx) pemrtroB. trI upn Xpyqene, u npn Bpexuene penpeccun
Hauptuep, B MafierrbrioiiA;r6aunn, rAe u ceroAnx trpolonx{anllcr,, trycTb u B SEaqtrTej1bno rlerrrrrrrux
EacersuneEacqurbrBaer rrerrxornM6oree 3 urn- uacmra6ax,Tan, a 1962 r. n Honovepnaccne no
JIIIoEoBqeJIoBeIr. 3a r-o:ll,r(coscrcKofrBJIacrtrD yRaBaE[Io (trpaBnTeJrlcrBapa6o.rur I ]ipecrr,ru,)
upou,no 11 (qncront, B pely.:r6Tarelioroprrx ftaa- apueiicruun qacrgvu 6trla pacctpcJrrra Aeuorr-
Eur'rucBbrmel0 rucnq vrroBeK. crpaqu pa6osux, trporecroBal ur npornB rro-
JIulepou r o6.:racrlrrto"[irrnsecxtrxpenpeccuir, Bbrmerufi ues. B nrote nort6.rr 2/r {eroBefia u
ft IrraCCoBLIlr
trptrBedIJrIIx clleprtrl, s XX se(e, 6ea- elqe ceMepkx paccTpenfinEro3AHeeno nprrroBopy
ycJroBEo. sB,'rflercffPocclrx (CorercriuiiColoa). cyAa,
IIo 6r,r;ro6rr xecnpant,l.runo crIIIrlrL. qlo rn- lioseqno, c rarinMrr qntlpalrrr Hetrerorr rreqrar6
t i oe llponc\n ,frJo To .1l,l( o\ t llc ( \ 0lr t llo I llr lllT l o nopcfiprJr'rtrrrpL'riol);lolrPoccllr. Ho Poccrrn (rou-
6alt pcrrpcccrii tlr,r 6eeyc.:tolro (trrtcJ)cIII rt.lil]lP itec, CCCP), l ctloro orrcpcltr,jr]e rro]r{cr rrlarbcs
rrr rceii>). Tora,'rlrraprrt,to pc iItlItI coiJoJ)!tlillor r] cooTrrouell[II rio.{nqccTl]ilpc r L\cc rrporlarrrLrx I{
CBOII (TOIIBIII]1)) ITA NCCI IiOIITIIIICITTi.IX. .trc.ry B cero naccJl ctrrrfl 'l ;ri ,' i i . r1c zri fac-
c Ji rrr6ol
It;raccuqecrioii ltoIcJLio rIc\ilIIII3]IoB lroJIltIr- IIITIMIIril(lfepaMrrt 3a fleprroA ux trpag.rrelrltr cTpa-
tlecfirlx petrpeccllrl ssrnrorcs crpatllr ilarrrtlctloii roii B 1975- 1979 rr, yurr.rromerroorio.irorru"'rirrro-
Alrepnnrr. B 9nan noc,'rc nepcroport 11 cenrn6prt ra tleJroBcfi.Ero lrecras qacrr, lrccro trrce"'rerrrrt
1 973 r. ; a 17 re r rpa n"r elt ill aoollr lut i lr o lJ aae crpanbl Ira ror rlcplrox.,{pyurc ucro-rrrnrirrril3r,l-
c Ayrycro Ilrirro.reeolr. cor.'tilcllo AoR"'Iatly liou[c- Baror elqe 6oree crpauruyro qlt+py - 3 rrrrr;rrrorra
c l rlr uo IIpa BAe lr nP t r \ r t t l0lt r t t o. 6s r ' r t t y 6t t r t ' t lr{epTB,TO eCTL nOJIOBUTTa BCeX?t|nTe.rCrr CTpatlbr.
2279 .reironefi *. O{rqrra"rt rraa qu(fpa pilcli.rra[bl- flepuognvecnn B paarrr,rxcrparax Do3lrrrriarcT
Baercs Ha ralirrc cocrtllllblc: 1ti1* qc.lottctia cra''rrr allKTaropcrirrepelrUrrbr. 3aecu Aeiicreyer :ilr;orLo-
?KeprBaM[I HacrrJrtrrflBo BperIfi paaroIIil lralru$ecra- IreprocTl: veu c.ra6ee,Ma.[opa3BlrTee cTpana, Tert
quii rr o6.rar,2115 qe;rorcH tro1tr6.,r[ or pyli arell- 6oJrr,rre urarcog y nee noJyrr[Tb trpalnre"]-s-;uri-
ror c;ryur6 6c:lolacnoctr rI Boerlll6l,{ (I'I3 n]i raropa. I4uerruo nosrolry A{puHa Bo }rnorou rro-
101 qerorcn y6nr upr (nonl'rrre n 6ercray>, rroprer cyqr.6y Jlarnncrroii Arrepnnrr.
815 cnorrqa.lncr noa rlbrrnaMlr, C75 qe",rosenuc- B Vrange 3a roAbr rrpaBJrcnuffllnn Aunna
. , no n ,ra n ettp ao n ro .tt e r o e t tto i i
r e:rn 6 cc c . r epr r o)B 6ruro penpeccnpoBanoofio,rro300 rucnq rreJroBeri.
liolrrlccrrn coreplxrrrcff nonpo6Iroe otrrrcaHrIc c[o- B 3rluornu nprr pemuMe Menrucry Xaii.,re N{a-
co6oa y6uiicrn rI Texrlo.trorun nlirori, trpllncrrlD- pnalra rorlr6lo trptr Bc.rrrioropoAa (qucrltaxtl, re-
ullrxcff KapareJrr,nuutt oprarlauu. I4norga aagep- peceneHrrFx rraponoR It (JIrfliBlrAaqrlflx 3aroBopoB))
xanurrx y6ura"tlt Br,rcrpeJralrll B fo.noBy Irnrr yAa- (ari llrlgulrylr ecftonlHo aecgTl{oB Tr,rctq qe.rro-
poM Ho'$a Bo BpcMfiAonpocoB,IIIIoTAanpoBoqtrpo- B E I{-
uaru ua no6er, a 3areM crpe"qffru 6eryqerry e lltecroxurr fitrHraropo]r 6sr.:rnuneparop L[cnr-
cnuuy. Ognrrrr aB pactrpocrpanerrltrtx ctoco6on pamnoii A{pnnancnori Pecny6,rnxrr Donacca.
cor(pblrarr upecryn.ncluit 6trlo c6pacrrnanre rpy- upeAII SBCpCTB ero pollturra - y usToE{enr1cR a[-
IroB B oftcag c BeproJleroB.9ro6rr ua6cmarr' ono- pere 4979 r. R rroprrrre r. Eanru ororo 100 no;l-
JIIafirIS, trprveHg,]Irl Tall?fie B3pLlBaFlIe TeJr- pocrt(oB rr ltolo,tlrx Jlo.lci. 3atro,lo3pcunutxir ntt
B gpyrux crpauax JlarnucHoii Arrep liu Ac'lo crynnetrtrsx npornr rracreii. Eoriacca y.racrrola,'r
o6cro.s;roHe ryqtlte. B Isarevare c Mollerta ro- R petrpeccrrflx u rtrcHo. flo cBnAererr,crsalt. co-
cyAapcrBerfloro nepeBopora 1954 r. n Ao ceperu- 5paunuv i(ypuanucror{ Eepnapon "TIy6a, oro;ro
rrrr {982 r'. troJrnruqecnlrepcrpeccnlr ysecJrlr }I{Ir3- 30 gerefi nprrBe3.lr[ B rpy3oRrlrie n3 Tropb]rbr Bo
ru 90 trcn.r qe.'rone(,fla lanru ro ripcrrE rlpaB- ABop uMneparopcKoro ABopqa l Bepeuro. <...1{x
"renrrfi ruflacrutr fiora:rre norn6.nu 100 rlrcaq 3acraBuJrurerrh IIa aeMrlo, u nsguuli BoHacca
qenoBefi, B flaparaae trpr Crpeccncpe -- l-r0rlrcs'r. upufia3aJr nroifepy npoexart tro aro]ry ?KIruo]ry
Bcero rite :a 20 rer (c 1960 no 1980 r.) ua arort ronpy. IIIo$ep orna3airc.rr, tr urrreparop can c€JI
rioETuHeETeB pe3y"rrhTaTerro"'rlrTltrleclitlx penpec- 3a pyn6. UH e3Ar.rnEa rpy3oBuKe B3aA tr BI]epcA
cuii noru6 MlrJrJrrro rreJroBeH. ao rex tropr trona He cr{oJrnnocreguuil rtpuri>[28].
B nrole 1991 r. r ltapaHace (Beuccy:na) 6sl.n B 1990 r. 3rraqrirerr,Ebre rrapyuclnfi trpaB qc-
pactrpocrpaEeE oqepenHofr AoIiJra[ opraHu3aqlrrl ;rorexa 6rrrlr aa{uncuporamr l 3aupe. Tan, uo
<Mexgynapo;1naa altutrcrItEt, rAe trpuBoAsrcff cBeAeEnflrru3 Re3aBtrctrMbrx trcToqEnrto}, B Tort
CBtrAeTeJI6CTBa O npoAOJIiItClItII ]IAcCOBbIx no"'lu- trltcre trpe,qcraBure;reft npanurentcrga Be:Irrrrrr rr
rfiqecxffx pe peccuii R crpal]ax .lfarnncnoii Aue- cr'ItrtreHrrLIKoBpllrrcKo-I(aroruqecr(oii uepliRrr. r!
punu. Tax, n frarelra;te c Mollenra nplrxo,ua fi roqr na 11 rrrar 1990 r. coJrAarr,rrr3 noApa3;Icre-
BJracr B qaqa.nc 1991 r. npeanAenra Xopxe Cep- IInfi (onMaHAoc BloprJrrrcr] Ea repprrroprrro yrfi-
pauo Srnaca no)ulIqeHo lr y6nro uo noJIrrlrqecfirlrI Bepcurera Jlyvyv6alrr u y6u:ru {50 crytrcrrron.
.Iror[Ba]I 509 qeloseir, B Ca.nulaxope s 1990 r. flpunaa o flatra4err[u 6lr;r orAan ry6cprraroporr
(JCriaAporr6r clreprr{r, cocrorltrIrre lI3 BoeIIIIbI-\ rr o6,,racrn IIIa6a lonrua:ra, poAcrRerr nriorr [pe3r-
nonuqeiicrinr, coBeprllt,'rrrrxaoe 6o.nrurc y5uiicrr lerrra Mo6yry Ccce Cerio, trocJreroro riari cryAeu-
rro noJrurrrtleclinrr Morlrtitlr. qelr B 1989 r. B IIc- rrr o6napyrxu,rn r caoeii cpege trecrio.-rllio Aonoc-
py r 1990 r. oprarrau[ 6csouacrrocrrrcrpallbr rlo ,rrrrog u ua6rlrt lrx.
rrrlrteur,t6olee 300 qeroseli. Itrorlle II3 nnr iir'r.,tir fiuriulru u r{ecroKllrrlr pcrtpccclfrlt (npocna-
rraiigenu y6[TbrMu co c"rle]litllrrttHToL. rirrJrcE) upe3n[errr I4paxa Callarr Xyceiin, Bor
,'rxrx6 o,quu tfanr. B llapre 1988 r. 5 Tr,rc.Etruup-
r Pe.rr, uger o urrr xure.reii a I4parcnorr liypgucraue - Xara6l-
aotiylteg,1.a.rlLtlo rroATBcpitiAclllILl\
eityqtfira; tro aanEbnt i l i e fn 3 o r r ,r ( l( J\lir Hr r r c) . tAe p t BA. ;*e 6r,r:rn yxrrqrolnelr,r c uorlollhro orpalJlrro lru
trn penpec c l I r r c l a n E 6 o r eg :J0 ' r n cr .r ,r e .' r o Be h . ra:ou. Crpanrnsre rfororpa{nu uocrpaAaBurnxAe-

63
r irIl tr ,riIIlI{rrrr o(iolrr.lrr c r}ranIlqhr ]tnpotroii Tare Iioroporo
6lt.ra ocyx;1ena ran Ha3BrBaeMaff
r ri r(,a cl , J . ( rJIIplrr.r HIe.]tCliAR lrlOcTcplia)._ napltI n 1974 r.
l'\'riol jo:llrri,.-rr,
or.;l0.rt (N'lo;li,fvrrill)olrroii aurrrr_ t r . 't t r tt 6 l | p r n l t t t r . t t c t t l t t a , i l l N o (
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vi rri l rrr .\r ur la I r r c c er r ro u o p rrr: r,l l ro c ,l e l rrn e ri r_ l j c 0 r o '| i l '
c lll7..l r.. |iorta B,,trrr[,,,ilrrrlll ]1fl lrReJa
.l r,t u;r\l(, IIJrtCb Cttocoiilr rtpec.:tclotatrrrx,,troilt,ii. r I r f l . v o n l t l ) d t , . t e l u c
u C . r r c J , r r , , i i 1 1 1 , . r a 1 1 . 1 1 1n1o1 .
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f. l,aj,t).t Itilc .|l1fl. ctt||on0tlttlrr,tlattttltii
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rnll lrrr I{P,\ c lpoiiplrraucrlrlrr clr",raur4.
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TbIctq rre,roBeIi. llIi.iItorIaa
rir71opc,tIu"rrr, IIIpu-rlarrrre, Nlaporixo. V6rrsatrl.r rpairigaHcriux
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rrc la pelrrerxoii, a, cnalr{eM,Bo BpeMrt[etrorlcrpa-
l 'o p u , ! y r i u t i c o c r o p o l l i , r l l l ) . \ . r a l l r . r , l I r o r t l l l -
r{rrtl rrJtrr lrnrunr.ar[29]. Iiax uu,rrccrpaquro ri l r r K o B y t r e c
1 l 'i c r , . t o r o g e c r ; l o ; r t t r J j l r .
:)1OIly B6lcHa36rBanlrro Moa{uo rlputsecTrrr,IcTopulo B Ilclanulr ecrb clor{ IIp_\ - lroguo;rr,nar
t t tri r..i l r.2t ianpe, r n l! ! l r. r,trrH o rl o l ,e i ,i c tl ocrorJ o l , l r | | | j | i l I I | | , | 6 n c x c I r r r '] e f l , ( , I r r . t o u ( ; t l 'A ) . Ila
; t , rrru I{ar r I - eu , I l: . r ., l rrn r,p o rru o l i rl rr l i rl r ' i :, r',tery jlr lr.:tiuucl,tlrocl,
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.'l EIrBIu lrHrurAern flBlne.rcfl tparirulecnlr t,6lii 1991 r.- 6o;ree700 xopru.'I'cppop rol)o)r{Aacro.r_
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ru. B t'ocuurale. rty;1aorr 6r,r,r
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1ul)oBaJrrrctreprr, or uo6oea. rlepea rroclio,,l,rio
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,'lrrciicueprl liau I'el f{l loalenla aa co6oii cnqe
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( lioJrrrrio cer{yllA npeBparrlJ,rcfl I
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I trtt:auui i . ,j oproul nxcrga rrerotsrcuuocrLcuocro H a-
rolr qtrc,re oAEa Ar,BlltKa. 2j_,rrersuii Lirnt lirr
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currxcrlrc celapaructbr rr3 rxrara llen1xa6. Ha
cr{eTy cl rrtxcr4x TeppoprctoB_ Thtcsrtrr I{ epTa.
l J l tae 1984 r. IIecfl Tti l .tl l uA ui i cl nx l ol tl qei rcnrrt
Tolr,lo.:a ,qccr{rr,,rrer- c ,Hriapfi lg73 r.
rto rt IioMMaH,(ocnorlr6ln rrpu ocuo6orHlenuu eaxla,
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ttofut.ltu..rI I I ge.toBel(.lic,nu ,jparr, liati(,ii r. rrpr,rrroBl.opHorr3axBare \pa_
).o liufl_ rra cl { rxauu Io,' l xl tl ci i i a Tfrr,-l H H ,i oeutrr
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Iloclto,t.prrnren(,pr,.riiiIi o6clou,r. n oL,1e",rr,_oyAeM rr BupeAL yMUpaTL,HO Harue
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so IIPA Be cEFJlac ce6tt augEl ga arn s3p6lB6r,
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AUHAM I I T O M , B J I I O A H I ' X IT ECT A\. rorraropor! Teppopa MaccoBoro.fIoc,'re y6lrircrra
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Aope B r{apre 1980 r. ro Bperln }Iecchr lrptMo B s trare <<Calrasolaouan upotpeccunl). Erle oqurr
qepnut 6lr;1 3acrpeJlen aprlletrIrcRolt Ocrap Pa o6r,ent ux BriIrMaEI,rfl* trtrtrJloMarbl.
rry;rr{o Pouepo. To,;rr,ro n _1991 r. foenurin rr;l 27 $enpara 1991 r. uepauii ce(perapL troco.rrl,-
reaaqnoii rpyIrnlrponlirl (UeuAepo nylltrllecc)) crra HugeprangoB B Tluuce Po6epr Aniepuarr
y6u;ru 3180 qeroBcri. ycrparrtar y ce6l ua lrule asaur,r'i yxul. li
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uau6o,lee u38ecrell reppopl{cr rIe}riAyHapoaHoro AntrfioMarusecxux trpeAcratsrrre.lhcrB.3a 15 ltu-
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.qero noA ero pyrioBoAcrBolrtrporlsolxJros 197i1 f. pore aarouo6urs. E4la cerperapl oKaaaJrcflB tro-
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cnpbltucb. Tpu teroaeta ua quc"'Ia 3aJlo)r(HulioB gapcrro. Paaopnaualrii rapunolt norIrtr HaaBoeaB'
5u;ru y6nrrr. rouo6u;rr, u ABa rpyna - rafioB lrrof nonyllrenrrff
[o o6ocrpenun EaqtroHaJIbnr,Ix lioH(pntraroB s BauuHrroue 2l ceurnlpa 1976 r. rra 6usuero
t]LI,JInOplaugo JIe-
TeppoprrarlB Haueii crparle 6bln gsreH[erl eect'lta ntrHllcrpa unocrpaEHLIX Ae.[
peqxlr:r, E,{uncrleHHr,Iii Hatrly]reBrx i,i c,lysaii u relsepa. floxymeHUp opra [It30BaJ ll qt{,rui;lcnl,Ic
1970-x rr.-ero BBpLIB I BaroEe rlocrioBclioro cneqcryxi6sr, a trp[ria3 06 arorl, HaK yrBep]fiAaer
rlerpo B trEBape1977 r., rroropuii ynec 6o;ree Ie- oErrfi rra yqacrHnnoB rlofiyllleEIIfl ApMaIrAo (Dep-
csru xunneii. Terepr, ute reppopll3rl a CC_CP npe- uaugec Jlapuoc, 6rr,n organ,rtlsso flltuoqeroM qe-
TeEAyeTSa pOJIL XO3flI{[a, a He rOCTg. I JIaBTIOe pei rraqaJrbrrrr{a{I'lHA (rafinaa no;ruqua) reue-
opy?r{EeoTeqecTBeHIrblx TeppoplrcToB - ca}loae"'I b- pana Mauyera Kourpepaca rro,rrioauuHy flegpo
Hi re a :l o us s br e y c r poii c rra . fl o ,(a e ttl trt H l D . tr 3cuuuoce, RatrIlTarryJlapuocy r Maiiri"ry Tayu.rrtl.
1 9 9 0 -l r- r eps oii no, r o e rrH e1 9 9 1 r. rr c rp a u e 6 u tttt areury I{PV[30]. Tanxe snrfiiic]irrlr cfl eqc.ry)ti-
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coBeprueHooxoro 200 Bapr,IBoIr. B pe3yJLraTe Iio- 6aun 6r,r.:ryluqrox{err yexaBrr]ull tls
mplrx uonr6,ro 6o.nee50 qe,rosex. 3l uronn 1991r. ruufr suAru,rii BoeHublfr {€.fireJrt, u uo'rurtln l{ap-
llpo n ;ro l upr or epeqr r o i i T p a ru g o c n
t i i l fl l l So .l - .'roc flparc.
BapbrBB rrocg[e Mocrua - Bariy ro epeux clego- flecrlra <rpocnanreut'rl apa6ctirrcrePpopncrhl.
oa^slrnero 6,rug Maxaqnarr,I (l{arecrarr). Iloru6- I{a lrx cyery corIIIr B3pr,II}oB, troAxioroBJy6ltiicrB,
;ru 15 qeroseli. yrolroB car{oJeroa. Cpegu RpyflHeiiurn\ ltitlrrij .ru-
Koneauo, J1o ot IIocI,IToJt Eo ctipolrELrouudJpr,l Buiicfirlx reppopucroB - opraHrr3aIIlrfllj3pLIl]oBrIIl
rro cpaBHeHIrIoc pl3BII'lhrllI{ AeNIO}ipaTrsecItIl}Iu 6opry rpa;raaucnlrx caMoJleroBCIIIA tI {)pln(I1[
crpaFaMrr, B I'Ira.unrr. nanplrMep. To"'rLno oA[Ir r 1988 u 1989 rr., trprrBeArrlrxx ut6ertr 441 qe-
u:oltr, ua Bon3aireB 6oronr,e 2 arrycra {980 r. ,rolena. I.nagur'rnu qeJIEMIT apa6critrvreppopllcroll
yaec mnalru 6oree 70 qc.'roBeri. B arofr crpane ati- fl BJIErorcflrr3pauJrbcl{rrer alleprtnattctilte o6r,eri-
TrrBrrbllfl{ AeiicrBuEltu or.rluqu"'ruch ItaI{ npalrble. rbl B o B ceMvnpe. Tatc. s 198fi l . tttB tti tcttteateu-
Tar{ rr JIeBbIeTeppoprrcTnYectille rpyl]I]rlpollli[. tlll T6r ycrporirr{ BBpr)IIra IIorI[o\I rilrl6t'tt Bepnune.
cqery (Rpacrlhtx 6purag> cartoe cfiaHl{a.rtLltoe llo- B pe3yJrI)Ta'Le Iioroporo ttoLttit,'trttttctittJt,I{oarlepll-
"turuqectioe y6liicrBo lloc.]rel[e]-o npcrltllill-
K A IIU E B .
trDeubep-rluHtrcrpaAlugo Xlopo. B cro ttpcrl,.t trbpan.lr,cxue creqc.,tl;116lrrot+ie tre Aperl.rllor.
( i S7 S r.) onpac nur t r 6 p u rr,1 c rl u ,rp y ri o a o l u .l i \[u - B 70-x rr. arenrrr \Ioccir,t BLIC"IeAI{JIII n y6r'rlt a
puo L{operru, SaMex[B[ruil trollaBlnelo B Tlopblly Erpone u r:a Bruxiuert Bocrorie 10 ualeciRscrilx

l 5 A. JI a B p x E
TeppopncToE, yrracTBoBaBrrrrtiB yRR{To)nennn n3_ Arroarirr{BEoro pacnaAa3apafiaJln6onEtrJnerepptr.
patlqhcHn\cflopTcIletroB Ht o.1tr[lnt|iic|||l\xrpas Topnrt, EaceJleHrrtle Jrlollr,Mtt,Croro lenry rxecaa
B l\frou-jieHe. Cyllecrlyer lrnentte,rrro ySniicruoI R oro rre rolr,no CIIIA u CCCP, flo n Apyrne
anpe.ne1988 r. A6y ,qriuxaga, .re.loreria J\! 2 r crpauhr,Eanpr.rMep Opanqna.
Opraunaaquu ocBo6omAesunflalecrnurr, ranxe Henro Taua, Mnoro Jrer pa6orarrrni [eaar{Tn-
Aeno pyli tr3parrBTf,H. Barop-oM na arolle Mopypoa,BctroMrrxaor:
Opranuaaqun lroJrtrTnqecxtrxy6nficrr guccll- rorAa erqe sapuBantra aruocdepe,n
AeHToB, aMtrrpupoBaBrrrtrxaa py6ex,- TpaAlrquoE- pauoqax -(boM6br JBaxyupoBanr.r Hetrocpe,qcTBeEEo IIepeA
safi trpaNTrrfiaroraJrtrTapnbrxpexuMoB. B 1959 r. BaptrrBoM. Xorr yxe qepes4-7 4neii urr roaapa-
a {DPI corpy4unxou }tIE Bor.qauo}rCrarluscxun rqan[c6 Ha aToJrJI,IiXI{TOHe IIOCUJI3aqtrTErIX
6un y6rr ntrAepyftpanucKtrxxaqrouarncroo Cre- ItocrrolroB, ga trcKrroqesueM paooraBrutrxB sa-
nau Banqepa. IlocHolrxy -HIB xore.n nMurtrpo- trperrrofrBoHe,,.Mne gone:rocr,noupo6onarr aapa-.
BarB ecrecrBeHnyF cr,reprL,yonicrBo 6rr.ro lpo_ xenaot (r. e. pagnoaxruruofi) ptr6u: nocle aroro
naBeAeHoueo6 qarrM opytfiEeM, gefrcrryoqnu a 4oaro 6orel. ftoffa caeaara c Meuff, r(ar co
rax: cBhr 6ecegyerec cenosenoM, neplna B pyxe auer. Oguouy uB Moux npyaefr se troBesno- otr
cBepsytyro rpy6orroi raoery. B xyxurrft uoueur yMep,troeBprr6u u uugufr.
EeorrtxAaurronoAuocrrrerpy6orny x nuqy co6e- Ifepaoe ucnrrraune{panqy:cxofi uefirponnoii
ceAEtrr{a- (,(ynoMD,cJrerfia cx(rrMaeTexynan _n 6ou6rr 6nro HaMeqeHo
Bor yr{e nepeABaMrrHe yctreattrui troAtrffrbrxynr quaJrluo sa 7 nntn {9?9 i. Cue-
,lJlff aroro 6ul trocrpoeE6o.nsurofr6yu-
ronofintn, ?Icrnunyro trpqqtrEy cMeprrr yc?aHaB- Kep. tHyrpn
Eero ycraHoasru xonrefruepc 6olr-
JrlBaer He Jrrobofiapau, troc(onBr(yy6uiicmo co-
6ofi. Haq 6ynrepou HaxolnJracbnoMnara xonrpo-
Bepruaercg.rAoM, Korophri upE BAoxe BbrahrBaer JIaJ
coeAtrHeEHaH c nuu gnofinrru roJrcrrlM creft-
MIEOBeHEyro3axytropfiy KpoBeHocE6rxcocyaoB.
:rolr. 9ro6n sofiru s rranusrft orcex, xyxxo 6uno
rJcnope trocne cMeprr( cocyatrr BoaBpaqanTc, B
npeAB'purenBHooorasurBcE B nocrroM (acrpo-
rropManBHoe cocrosHne,n ue[cfty eusbrfi narono- naBTat.
toaEaToM,trpUXOAn? X aaltnnqeHuxt,qlo qeJloBer{
norr6 or cepAeqEoronprcrytra...) [31] Itax yr- Ilepeq reu Rar{or{aaarbcsB KoMHare,rAe na-
BeprfiAaeT6hrBrnft Bbrcol(otrocraBnesHbri xoguncn nonrefinep c 6or,l6ofi,neo6xoqnuo 6srno
corpyA_
E-&n coBercfilx opranoe roc6eaonacsocru O,,rer trpofrTtr crornHyro ctrcreMy aBToMarzqecKsxABe-
fianyras, f{fB noyor 6onrapcntrMcneqclyx6au pet. OAsospeMeuHo Bnyrptr 6yunepanaxoluloct
opraxtraoBarbs 1974 r. y6ricrao s Jlouose cldu- He ooJreeAByx treroBefi.u fiaH{Aafluapa- ue 6o-
nee AByxtracoBtroApFA. BcR nouarna cocroqnaz3
Jp3gra L Mapxoaa. Iloqoapenaror trptrtracrrocrr I qEJIOBCI{.
Itr tt tr fi crpannofr rl6entr r 4era6pe IS77 r. noc- '
ra Alericauqpa lalura, autrpupoBaBrueroBo 7 nm:rs 6tuo Ee Ba ropaMtr,Eo pa6ota sarffrn-
rI,,DAEtrtrIO. BaJlacrr rro BceBoaMornElIM flpurrtrHaM. Pyroaogcrro
AxrtrBHo trctronb3ytor reppoptrcrEqecft tre Mero_ urI.JIO OSJIObJIeEO
Il trOAIOEffJIOHaC BCeMITCpeAClBa-
Ahr B 6opb6e co cBotrMu no,'trru qecr(nMr uporrrB_ lru, yro6n uctrlrralrue trporr:noc?poro tro pactrsca-
Euf(aMtr-JMtrrpaHTaMsHeHoropf,re apa6orue crpa_ EtrIO.
H6r. laK, sa_trocJleAHrrero4u r Enpone 6uro y6u- Ho uanauynecrytruracbraraorpoapa.
fl Tonb-
To or(oJro 15 ue:roner, BhlcrytraBrurrx nporzB Ebr_ rio rrro BarioxrrrrJrnarr, safi. B nounary r(oHTpoJlff
nerrruero {paucKoro pe*{nMa, I rolr qacne 6unurufi sourer Mofr cMerrrqurt. .ff sumer E qepee Eenoro-
rrpeuBep-Irunrrcrp I4panaIII. Baxrunp, poe Bp_eM.E norxeu 6u.r aeplyrbcff o6paruo., [tor-
[a ff o6fir Ha tronAopore K 6yEKepy, lpoEaorrren
BapbrB..tt BEAer roJrr,Ko. ran uofi xollera 6pocu.lt-
ctr r{ Bbrxo,qy rrB
HEBNAUIIAff CMEPTD. _(oMtaTbr, Kar( pa3 saBcTpesy
une,- u rorz6. ,(pyro[ <acrponasrr - Mo[- sa-
ra,nusux Pese Bt&err - lora6 a 6ynHepe.Tperte-
ro BBpETB aacraJr rra BBrxoA€trg 6yxnepa. Oa lo,ry_
1945 ron loirortrrJr Eaqano flAepE M BapbrBarl rlrr'r curr,shre oxoru.-6rr,r ornpaenex ao Opaxquro
Ea saueii rrJraHere. 3a nocnegyrorque 4b ler rax r raM B cK opeyMepr [JZj .
6uao rponegeno tre nenee 1820.0ro BEasllr, qro B
cpeAEeM r{arfiAbre AeBflTb nHei rAe_To Ea SeMJre 6olr6u _ B CIIIA Bo BpeMff coagantrE nepro& arolruoir
yuep yreuui f. ,{enrar. Bo-apevF rKcrre-
rpeuen arouubrfi Bap B, Hepe,{(o uecyulrft xeall- ptrMesra c qetrEoi. peaKquoi on lo,urepra,rcn
Atruyro cxeprb cornsM, a ro u rucaralr lrogefi. oony'restro Bcero I cexyEEy, so [o3a paARa_
tionbme Bcero ficnllraEfiii flAepHoro opyxnx 6u;lo quu, troryqeEsas trM, 66rna ctoJrb B€!.rtrrta,qro Ea
rrpotr3BeAenos 1962_r.--14\ aaprraa ([:rn cpaane- rllecroft
AeE6 y Eero craJrn onyxarB pyr(E tr or-
uns: n 1 989 r . - 27) . Oc o 6 e H a oc rp a m s u ' 6 u a cJratrBarrcfi xoxa. Eqe qepea [ecrB qaei xata-
a3pbrBr,rB aoagyrunofi cpeAer fiorga npo.lyxru pa_ ,rrEc6 ueBErEocEMEIeMyqeEu.F,
npoAoJlt$aBrtrnegE

66
IIa 21-ii neul noclc ofi'rlqenirn
noirropr,rHeAe.rrn. Ro ncelt ltnpc 3ncc'rullncropnn nnoncrioli qe-
/ \:)rrrIl u rlt ] I ( ' l] . no,rrrr (l l ;1nl o (l l cl rrr. Orrl l )ol fl r.ri l cr,
r \trprtcttrtc
l i o t,la t r it - \ r t poc r trty tt l l i rtrrc l ttl tt 6 t,t.l tt c 6 l ttl rr l1)/ril r'. rr ncIorrirr.:lrrrr'fo\lr)11),iou6a1t1tt 1totttlv.
lrrcHLralor{Irblc iron6r,r.rpu'rrt (u'rcu 6tt'tee attolr- l {J .,rerloc.ne JTolo oria uop}t..rirLloaill.ril. ropollo
criue) coreprneuno rre 6rurrr roroBLI Ii Jcrlclluto yru.'racr,.paAonaJrapo1nrc.rt,ii. -'\ ttarcN na rree rra-
rrenelouoii 6o,'tegulr. i l i l .'Ia cotl .L uB OcTL - o:l l ! tI IIIJ cIl l l l l T0l IoR .-l yqeB Ol l
(O AeiicrsI,Itrraltua-.ry'leii tIa ]ioc 1]iblii Io3r', 6o.'rclurr..texta a 6o;rr,uu4t'.(larario. c.rrcllyflrpeB-
ri.'IerrirIceroBesecKoro opfarIIS]Ia rI C.[U?IICT\-Io l l p r l v n o u e f l , l o . c T i l . l i l J o . t l I t t i \ . \ ti I i t i I I b l\ i +i \ l r i l B -
oiiolo.ltiy rlr[€Bapllr0.rlbltl't\ Tl)illiroB TorAa lra.lo ;tcii. llo leren;1e. A,tttr IIBnerIe[rIr{ 6o.lt,loii 'tc'
.rro 6lrlo rraBecrrro. trlruer -A, l{oiiprrur, aarop . r o r o r i , l t o . r ? r i o r c . r c .r a r r , l r \ l , o t t t t o 't r t c t t 't ) . C l t t 'l t r t ,
rir rrr, nocBglqeEHoiiucropnn co3AaHIrEarollEoto rrpepBa.rra pa6orv ua 644-u ,xypaniri'. ito Bbl3Ao-
opymufi,- ne 6ttao rari;tie rl3BccrHo,orrlero 3Ea- l o r ! J r c r n a r r " x u a r n , t o 3 : 'l l r t t .
rrrreJrlHo qaqe Jtollcii cra.]]uopalfiarh pali - 3Tor tleprroStr.rr. lro c"'roso cra"{o clrtllto.-rou 6e3'
6tts reroresecrra. Bpavlr ue roHIrrlaJII{rptrsuHl'I AyruHoro rl 6e3orBcrcrDeHHoto orIIoueIMtr Ii uAep-
nueaanlofi cMepru Jtoleu, ue troJryrllrBlrrrrxAaTr{e EOU 3Eeprulf.
omoroB. B arpere 1991 r. coeercxuii y-lenttir Blanltlrltp
FIunro lr; xture"reii Xupocunu u Hatacariu ne 9cpluueuro coo5u1n.r,qro B rlTore uepno6r,t"'rl-
no q o 3 p eB aJ . , lr o uqep u tl I J o l ri ,q b t. r,rIb tH y Brx xt! cnoii naracrpotfr,r uoru6 ue 31 qe"losex (pa6orulr-
It3 rllraETcKoro rpn6onrguoro o6naxa, rioropoe. rtrr ABC n rroatapurre), xari otpuqna;rr'uocoo6tla-
c"'roBIto?r{uBoesyAoBEIqe, r:rn6ll.tloct' EaA pytrEa- .[ocr,. a or 7 no 10 rr,rcq'I. n 6o.'rr,urnnctle cgoert
ru .fo p o { a qoc , le aT ol l H o fo B J p b l Bao, x a 3 a .l n a ry fi rrlaxrepbl Ir BoeHHocJryr{iatque. 6opoFtltxectrc no-
loe loageiicrane ua Bce fituloe. Hnnro ne aua;t. clreAcrBIrflnu rtaracrpo{rr, 9epur,rlreario otlreva-
trorleMy urreM Ee crthttsaroTcfl qepHBIe nFTHa Ha er, sro coBercrrneBJlacrunpeAocraBuxn]\{AlAT3
TeJIe,ocraBrrruecflrocne ororo AolHAg.Hunro ne JroTRHue AarrEble.3asBuB.qro ru6poc n aruoc{tepy
IO T A , qbI B A J I C f l , T I T O B O A A CT AJIA CM EPT OIIOCHOIII
q T O cocraB[.rr rorr,rio 3 npoqeltra palr{oalirlrBuoto rle-
rrenc,,t.oceguui,i na tlocroablx pa3pyuellHoro ro- rqecrra B peafiTope,B To BperIE Ilari a Ae.qcoll
pOAaU Ila CaMIII JIIOAflx'trpIIHOCunCMepTL ToJL- cocraBrrJror 60 go 80 upoqenronl34]. Ognano n
rio co BpeMelrert npalIIJlo nolIIIlIaHlre nporlcrlreA- aoKJraae.noAfo1oBJreHHolt 1l{AIAT|J. yrBep,filaer-
rrrcro.Bpa.ru locrelcurto rro s;]u, qro xtltre;ru Xr- cE . cro B cpH bryrB epfl {Itprt,tn oS [IIa.1l ' Il l ,tx R l i r-
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ireiluu. no 6lr.,1116eccunr'gbt lrM IroMotlb, TaI{ IiaR TeJrhHo rreBe.rrrrrro.SHcreprlr I\{AIAT3 cle.nalu
lc gnaJu, tiali 6oporsca c rroi 6o"reaulrc.Vrlupa- 3atreprr r{ o6c.le4otanu c tror{onlLlo Ao3nMerpaqe-
,-lo rari trtroro JnAeii. sro Ee yctreBa"r[ ripe]rtrpo- c oii atrnaparypr,I9 rsrcsq xrureneft. a 1356 qeno-
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cro na Rocrpar, ALrrl KoTopblx l(py}I{lrilcE HaA to- .[E rlocnlrg a]ictreDroB N{A|AT3 6r'rru zcnrtose-
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c Har+i[bIrfgnetu, Jlylcaoii 6o;relttr'to B Tr)+ieJoii B ' ' pri onfl Lri iuJ rJraB H brxqtl rl rp- ouerxu l opl -
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i00 lrerpor or arlxqenrpa B3pHBatr rluorrre Ir3 TexJ Ilocre 9eprro6u.nn s CCCP crara aIirIrBIIopitc-
rrro 6rr.l uecrioJrr,no[a;rlrne (Ao I nulrollerpa). [pocrpanflrl]c.s paxuo$o6lra. OAnaxo n ptrAe cJ]-
Ilo,[tuLre ueraJlucrr B ropntllieJ nlttanncr' 6e;riarr, rIaeBoga or{a3a.[acbonpaBAaHlroir.OAnn pa6o'ttrii
!ororr JretiaJlu araruqrlble, c,ta6r,re, 6espaa"'rnunne n: r. Itpauaropcna Ilorpe6oBanor ropo4clill\ B.'riI-
rio Bcelry. V nnorux 6r,ula pBora, y Bcex ro[Htr- crci i o' i r' ,l pJtoB aE IIa K B aprl l prr.B l i oropoi i r,l l ;ti l t l
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Ilocxolrxy ocJleAcrnllfl .lry'retori 6o.rreatrurro- riuaprupuoir tleperopoAIte.3r'a rtii.'tent'rlaralrny.na
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r flnonuu Ao clrx nop ocrarotruafl atoltrag 6o- pcnonre Apo6lur,noii rerlttlrilr Ira Iiapanlctiort
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n6r)i B3pllnoB). Ilogo6ulre Ilcroputr trpoEcxoA.flr n B Apyrux ro-

5'r 61
poAaxPoccun.B Olrcre s 1989r.6r,r:roaaifrxcu- 12 Paiir l. V riollynoa ner gnrronoa
// Bonpyr
ponano 12 ciryqaeBocrporo leftxosa y qerefr, n csera. 1!168.J\t 5. C.59.
1990-u- 2i, r 1991-u- 26. Ilpuuuua ea6orena- r3 iil{uaur,uoc.rrcc}reprrr.I\I., 1990. C. 125.
nuii, no MHenrD 3r(ctreproB,B troBbIIxeHffoMpa- ra Illalournurona JI. I{ypyu6a - flrerrff
liojrAy-
AIIaqzo r{oM {oRe xu:rtrx loueqeurft ropoqa, uoe//Boxpyr csera.1968.N J. C. 21.
rlocnoJrr,r{yc 1976 to 1989 r. xpynuonaEeJrrune r5 lup,{nr.. [llax X. 3u6nas reep4r,.
M., {988.
Aolta Bo3BoAIrJIIr aAec6 IIa 6uoxos, aa ltgroroBJl€- c. 63.
IIue r{oropbrx ureJr paAr{oarTrrBulrfi rqe6ent ra ro 3a py6exou. 1990.A', 6. C. 11.
napr,epa Manuuna (Ilelnuorpa4cxaa o6uacrl). 17Vcuenuruii JL r{erosen rerlrr Bonpyr
// crera.
llaR MorJILtAOnyCTr{TLCTpO{TeJI6CTBO CMepTOEOC- 1969.Ir! 5. C. 69-70.
H6rx r{r{Jrrrrq, ocraercs 3araAr(oft. Taxoii xe crpau- 183a py6exou. 1990.J\i 1. C.20.
noit rr crpaurHoii, riaK ll Becb uaw qu\ecHdtfi, re llapyc6aer A. I{aracrpo{u r ltopcrux rry6rr-
XX eeri. nax. JL. 1982.C. 51.
'?o!1p4run JI. Itan rapoxo4 nory6ur ropo4. N{.,
1990.C. 98-99.
TIITEPATYPA 2' fipolul V. O6nrrrcrn 6erarrlr.
,1., 1970.C. l33.
'?: 3a py6eaiou.1989.Ni 36. C. 9.
I I4ofipuu A. O qen 3Bouur
r{oJronoJr.M., 1991. 2r tr4agecrus. 1991.21 alaaps. C. 6.
c. 202. 2a N{ocnogcnzft
2 Vr.rrxnu l. 1990.21 urols. C.2.
[eur, xoropue y6urarctll 3a py- 25 Uasecrun.1990. ^o"rcolro.neq.
22 non6nq.C. 6.
6exton.1991.Ni 24. C. 16. 26Jlureparypxan raaera.
3 Poyt O. A6opurenu.{lcrpa,rza.Tpaalusosnoe z' 1'g91.23 xnrapx. C. Z.
Arrouos-Osceenro A. Ilporuaocroaune// JIu-
obqecroo.M., 1989.C. 68. rarera. [991. 30 anpe;u. C. 3.
a Op:roraA., Jlrrora 3. Crpaazqu ^^ leparypsan
lrcropuu Be- rB ,{eporHa}}{., flonro }t.-M. Pacclegorauuerai-
nnxoii Canasqu. M.. 1978. C.70. HBIxaerr.M.. 1989.C. 100.
5 Hayxa u rxraHr. 1990.N 9. C. 58-59. 2n O:epoa M. Or f VJIAfa
6 lnaaep l. 4o trlcrou-crpur//Jlu-
,(pauaruuecnaflMeArrq[Ha. M., 1962. reparypHaflrasera,1991.17 auperq. C.6.
c. 30. 30 Heql{eur,rolreucHoe corrarxeHnei/3a py6exiolr.
7 lonocru.1990.J\! {2. C. 52-54. 1987.J\! 1t. C. 14-15.
8 Bypraqnuft tD. Bom4utr coBerurrntr. M.. 1990. 3r Apryueuru n rfanrrr. 1990.]1i 4t. C.7.
c. 82. 32 3a py6exou. 1990.J\i ,,1. C.
9.
e HayHa u xtnsrt. \974. j\i 12. C. 71. 33 I4oiprrnr A. O eeM3Borrur
r0 }teiin M. Heracnosr,rrl rpuyuaupar lioJrolio.rr.
N{.. 1gg1.
// Bonpyr c. 362.
csera.1967.Ni 8. C. 48. 3a Apryueuru u qianr6r.1991.
rr Tonopnoa J\i 16. C. 5.
"rI. Heuofi xpux // tr4snecrua. lggt.
20 l;"as.C. 7.
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or nero? flpo4o"rxacr Jrtr tr.,ltt se [polonxaer IIlecrBotsarL.!lTu oEo trpecyrqecrnyet n gpyroit
; r i l l r, C ouepuc uuut ii u o c .te c rte p ru . u ,ru C o n e p - unocTacl{,troaToMyBhrpaFesue (HupBasa) ue-o3-
rreHllr,rt nocJre cMeprrr B oAEo l{ ro }r(e BpeMtr lr Harlaer B crpol'orl cMbrcJle (yracaEne). Uso
npOAO.rIX(aeT II lre I]pOAO''l,I(aeT?IltrTL' IIJIII OII HII o3na{aer, qro Mbr A"tIuMc[ ApyruM ctroco6o1l.
rrpo[oJrxaerj su Ee npogon]xaet xurr'?> [9] Cnoco6olr, EaM ge troHfl Trrr{}t )).
Clrcprr u EtrpBaHaB yuentln fiygqr't uuenr [xaaaxap"ra.rr Hepy n <Orriputun IIaguRn.
nloi.tcrnenlttii xapafiTep, UoATB€plr{AaarereJreB- rroJIeMtrsEpyH c ytrponleEHblMrr rpariroBatrtrsMIl
crurii aaxon eAuncrBa u 6ops6lr trportrBolloilox{- 6ygguaua, nLtrxcr, qro 6ygglrau, (B cyquocrn,
locreii. C oAuoii cropoEbl, EIrpBaEa* 3To rarioe us6eraer npaiiuocreii. Os sltJrlo.raetyqentre o Bo-
ria.recrBor{upa, npu KoropoM llcqe3aer Bc'l npu- ,roroii cepe4nae. o cpe4He[r ryru. ,{axe u4en
BbrqEafl EaM cltcTeMa fioopAlrHaT rr ceEcopuKtr supBaEr,r orurogb He o3uaqaJla ne6rrtux, xar<
6nrun. <Ecrr, o 6xuxruy,- ronopnr Eygga,- co- EEOrna troJlaranr. 3ro 6r,uo tro3trTl{BHoecocrofl-
C'IO f lHI I e! f A e H e T H I I 3 e M IU' su BOAL I' Etr CBe ta ' EUe, SO, trOOI(OJIbI(V OnO BbTXOAI{JIO 3a paMHU qe-
nr tso3.{yxa,gs 6ecnoneqnoro npocrpalrcrBa' EII JroBeqecKolo MbrmJreEutr, AJIfl ero ollucaEzff Dc-
6ecnoqequoro paayua, ErI HeotrpeleJlenuocrtr,Ert troJILBoBaJl[ch EerarrrBEr,re repMIIHbI. Eclu 6rr
) llr'rrol*eultn npeacraBreHn[ u uerpeacraulennfi , 6ygguru, aror rrnz'{unfr npo4yfiT uEquIctioro
l IIt STO I o M I { p a ' H I { u H OIO, EU COJIlq a ' HU JIyHr ,I. Mr,rrrrreunfi u RyJrr,rypr,r, 6r,I;r ruur yuenueu o6
3ro, o 6xllxlry, Ee Ha3HBarotr EE BoaHnKIroBe- oTpuqasnr ,fiu3utr, 3To, HecoMEeEEo,onaaa;ro 6r,l
rrrreM,HIr trpoqeccoM,Irn cocToflHtreM, Et{ cM€pTbIO, coorBercTByrcIqee BJInflEne Ea coTEE MUJIJIITOEOB
rln pofil€HueM. Ouo 6ea ocuosr,I,6ea npo4orme- nro4efi, ucnonegynqux gTy pentrrtrIo. Ha Ae:re
rnlr, 6ea ocraHoBnu: aro Ir ecrb l{oneq crpaAa- xe 6y44ricnze crpanu ueo6n.rynr AoKaaareJlb-
1Irf l). craauu o6parroro... > [ 10]
Ilocrio.nrny sHpBaEa- aro KoHeqEaF qeJIB
6urur, ro u yxoAflT B Eee EaBcelAa.Taxag cnoe-
rriipa;raanqeplaE Ablpa. C np5 rc'it cropoubr. Eup-
BaHa uMeer ruSopuaquouayro cBnsr, c HaIxEM ,..C TOqI{I'I SPDHIIfl XPIICTI4AHCTBA,
3CMHr,IM,qyBCTBerrEr,I MIIpOM; UalO rOrO, 6yn-
guiicxufi uonax Haraceua xapanreprr3yer ee c
rrclloJtb3oBaErleM qICTO SeMHhrXTepMrrHOB. (ltal{ Ileprofi cueprr'ro seroBefta sa BeMre, fiali ro-
Iloasarr H[pBaEy,- cflpaurltBaelxbrr,r. 9epe: or- aecrBver Bu6:raa, crara ru6err, cuua Alalra
cyrcrBrre crpaAaEuii, otracqocru, crpaxar qepe3 Ane.na, y6uroro poAHbrM6paroM Iialrsorr.
cqactle, cnoHorlctnue, 6.lameucrro, coBepItreEcr- Ho naxuu o6paeou nonnu;rach sa 3etttc
Bo, qrrcrory, clclrtecrb...)) Ho erqe napagoncalr'- cveprr?
nee ror ifanr, qro uB EupBaH6IMoxuo BepEyl6- rBor cornopz.lr qeJloBefta HerJIeHIrr,Ilr; oII co-
cs B Eaur Mrrp,- ral{ AeJIaer caM Bygga, aoanpa- rBoptrrr ero no o6paay Cloeii co6crrennoii upn-
qaficb ll3 Maxanapnunpranu (reluxot corep- po4u> (Ilpeu. 2,231, to ((qepe33aB[crl' AbnBo-
rrrenxofi, uuprauu ) Arn troBoro BonJIoIqeHIrff Ea Ja cMeprb Bomra B Mup: II uctrhrrblBaloree trpfi-
3CMre. uyAfl tro acelty, HIrpBaEaHe B cocToflEuu EaArtexaqtre yAeJry ero) (flpeu. 2.24). flepno-
VHIISTO1+(!'TL IuqHoCTL' paCTBOpUBee Ea COCTaB- {eJroBenrrA[aM u Esa, EaxoAuBIIrrIecqB palo, Ao
nbte 3.rIeMeETr,t. Hupnaua ue 60loto, 3acacuBaro- lpexonagextrr 6urn 6ecclreprulr. Dor, rpe4ocre-
rqee rraBceraa. Cnopee, oua Irpencrarraer co6oii
rrer;rrii z utfopua qroEEo-cFe p torlt secfiufr MaKctt-
* C troAo6s6rM ayan[slo\t a)r,Irss crar[EBaercn E
lryu, a6corrorso car'ro4ocratounlrii, naxo4ruqnii-
ecrecrBosrraEll0. Ilpunepov nor J r cilyi+rllrb cBoiicraa_Ba'
cl B crartrqecnoM cocrottunr, uo cuoco6ublft a liyyua, ftoroprri ufa <oreraguoii nycrore> o6lagaer {au'
.rrc6oe Mrsosesuo Bocco3Aar6 ;rn6oe nepoaruoe TacrtrqeoftuMEBagacaMs 9Eeprss E, Bo3notr{BortB{EelcE
cocrosstre 6nrur. Ioaopn (fuauuecriunu tepun- asepterEgecllof ueqRoii BcereEEofr,

11
pela_q tr-\ oT EriJ-lu[Htr,q I,loJoB c oxEofo
rI3 iTrrrraercrt Jl'\onHor.o cBerN. pt,focrrr rr
peB. cli.ijlil.li ,lle erur,rt, ltI tI He ltpl{KacallTecL;Ie- 6",raxen-
ri cTtsa.Ho IIe pilSpJIUat,TC'l. rre YHIIrtToiliaeTcE.
rrrrrr. .tro,jli Bilt{ rre a
.\.}teperb). OAuaIio BttDcr. B cocrorllrrr rrplna. criop6u rr crpaAa_
rrbr.'1I]ilp!IJIcII. rI ilil To, yT0 (oTIipIr.!ueIr T]l"I:r
f,]a3it H rtrl . {.l tr,pTL. l !r,t .t,r lj 1 t| ,1,.p(,.t fl tr.\
v H rrr 060 lrr. 3 a ro, qr o A4au n Ena y lualr lr l tA U |l t\
upapoA To.tei i . l l cr, .rr,rl tr pr,t . rcl ,
npitB.tl- o ce6e rr ltrrpe, Eor upori",rrl uT nnal tu.
ux. Cloii Bapa?fieuHoro rpor(irlr. rr cillrrr rp(rilrar. liari na la_
y_.-:_r"llr rrouo,'ror Eor aaBeprxrrJr raxnn o6pa_ pa?fieHlr0r.oIrcl.orIHtIIiaecTccTBeEItO
qerrreir fi AAaMy: (...B trore Jrr,Iqa TeqeT3apa_
rBoero 6yAerxr, i l {eH H bIl I l 'IoTOIi ,
x1e6, AoKoJe Hc BoaBparrrrubcq B BetrrJr(), !TU ri oT po;Jouarra..IIl rItIH a. 3ana_
1c], r,Ij] i t{0l l l t(JI (., f pe\u}t U ttr,T,,\\. c rtL.l ,Tl l ,,t1,.
t.C TeC TB eH _
j: :l :ryl t t i, B r nr . 16o n p a r rL r l B l p a x Bo :trl p i t_ E 0 trp0IIC X OA IIT
1,rr[rr,crr))(lj6rrue. l, ;J_ 1$). 3apa)Ii cIIl t(x, t.po\{J\t II I{)TOl \IV
cMoprsoc l roronrcrro> l ].
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c M y u{ anr c r : Bo J b M e u I6,,r l | X
+:
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slr y nlr panr . x e trp a x c a o i i o o " " p o ,4 o rl r_
canrlr. flogpo6urre paccyrx;leujrrr tla i]TV
cE; ItorllJrerxb qyx Tnoii, onn coau,qatorca, TeMv
lr Tsr coAepir{arcs! HanpuMep, a (lluc,,ritrrlrr n purr.nr'-
{.roHoBJrHeIrrh .[IIqe 3eM",I[). Harr LBlror.o arlocroJa IIaa;ra>: <IIocern,.
l.r Krrr,,raxopopur{uBcMeprh orrpe_ oA l tul l ceJl OB eri o]f nari
-^-l^_!:rtro* rper R ' rt c.t n tr tp. rt rp.\orr
AC J I 'ETCA t r O g,T ESM tr . I{ AK ( T RT IIT IE ) ) .
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j: Y:n o l l u u " . ( c r paHa 3 a 6 a e H u ' ). (rp a x )r. (6 e 3 A_ r{oBj troroi\{y rrro VeJOBe_
HaD. (qTo troJ16JEr B Htltl ncc corperurr,tn. 146o rr
a npoen uoeii, t;oraa s coiinv l o 3ari osa rper ,i ur,l B nl tpo: rro rp(,x l re B IteuH .
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z v.tu ). <, u c l\ f epT l aer u a Mrrrr o T e rj e ; g o rlap_
ro o 6 e crBoBaJIaor A4aua no N,[otrcentr na4
f it o c,,rrs r r r T eCnl) ' ( c . 6 ,{ j ). o p o ro u ' " rn lecorpe-
Il.lu-BlllrIMIt lOAu,jrro npecrVn.r0rrrrro Anr Ul, r,.utu.
MepTBbIlluThl CoTaoplrIb ,ryqo? prree
V"UOrrr"" pbl l t ecrb o6pa; 6vl r rrrero. fl o ,t!p 6;l rro4arrr
BoccraEyr r) parne so roo_ Ee
'lvAvr c.taBxrt Te6g? fiaft trpecrytrJreure.I{6o ecJu upecr}rrJeute}r
tiyAer BoJBeruefla^MlrrocrsTso.E r.r BepEocrb
1,,: oA noTotroA a0pt.l l tC bC N opTl tMrt| ,rue,
r Bo.rrB rrpercloAueii? pasne noBnarc? TO Tcl r 60_
Bo ]rpa]ie .-rr,eiJnaroAarL,l;orfiIn Alp lto 6Llaruglrc
n-npuBny Teo&r s re,v,re 3ir0BeHr:,)) -lr o4rro_
lyJu.gJ."9"
(llc. 8 7 .11- 13) . uHe l re p ra trrr t4rrc5.crXpncra. npou:6r,rro,recral_
I: l:1o:exa.
x s a n rrrs l ,o c n o _ er A'It MEorrx._.I4 p fle
tl{f}.o"u{uM B crpaEy uo,r+aaur> (flc. l /iali cJA Jll o;lHot-oco_
{1.",X: rpe ltrBrrero; n6o cyA ta oAHo upecrvl.rreEtre_
r t o .zJl . ( lt oT oM J
' lT O AA n e l rc n o a e q y e r T e 6 a , Ili OCya{AeHItoi il ,{ap 6,.taronaTn_ ri
crreprrr He 6yAer rBir.Enrr, Te6x, nncxoq.arque oupaBna_
u l rl .l x, oT MH ornx trpecTyI| ,.l otrl | i146o i. ec,rn noe-
r\roryr aorBcnlart Teolo r.rcrnny,r CTyIIJIollllCM
T,9tt{i
( r , rc . Jd .td .::) - OnHoIo Ctlt('pTLrlrpCTBOo:t.ta trOCpeA_
crBoM oArroro, to telr 6o.!ee lpuelrnrurrlne
B erux qurarax oqelE xapaKTepso 66n_
lrponBne- ru-e 6"laroAar u qap npa""4uocu
Ho BerxoaaBerrroeornorxeHr{eK cMeprtr, OVnVaqrpar_
fipopoo" jr{nrrrn rocpoAcreolr eqlrnoro
?paliryror ee nper{{Ae Bcero KaK yntrqro}K;Etre i,l:i:^ l4niyc,,
,\-pucTl ". l l ocev\. l i ari l l pccT]fl Jl OH IeM
BoJyolI{Eocrll ,rro6oru Aeiicrgnn _ oA E OIO
Bo crTa_ BCeMrleJoBe[aM ocylftIeErle. Talt
By I ocnolHfi). Ho scrr ,+{eecTb tr Aafie [paBAOK]OAEOTO
Ha,qer.fiAa sa ao_ BCcM 'lP''1oBeNalr (,rrpflBtraIro H ?t{tr;roZ>
u neii. _r oB o p rrrc a e H n n re l l c a i i n (paU.r.
: lB *:,1 :"., l-r. 1 2 -1 8 ).
t4u.ry7. B hlttlre l4oBa ( 19.25) z oco6euno
(37.9-t4). {arur,r roaoprr, I. PaaMr,rrtlrnflod oco6eqnoorsx
trpaBocraBEo_
I:.::L,11,.," rro oprl. ap\rrrrirrrxprri Iiariuu u
c1\r
cn.srqnx B :o
ly:_3":,: "ra;rr:rlr .npaxe 3eMrrnnpo6y4"r"u, ^:2"^:1,,o,1,t,
x paU OTe(U l \tO,T
TB p Ji t J.C OIrItU Xn[C
| | aJ:
:{lrr Ana reluoii, Apyrue _ sa seqso" no_ (npoMe ItJ.,teHlrirr.t B.tacrrr
pylaRueIi nocparr.renne,r (12,2,- aqa. elqe Eeqro
UAFaRO J,tfl xpncTras troEgTtre cMyqaeT flac B CMepTIr:aro neBr,rsctreHsocrr
cMepTu sc toit
trcqeptrlrBacrcrr .trrcro rlru;ruvecnulr taureii lrtnault, C ltolterrtolt re;rt,cuoii clreprlr
c".lrc.nou, AJI,I Aynlrr nepcpbrBa nc 6y;1er: Ayflra, fiari Fi;ra
Bo3BparqeErrelra upax. B nparoclaeuofi
6oro_ Ao noc,ireArrer"t Muuyrr,r 3cMrroii }t(rrtnu, rari n 6y_
clroBcrtor{ cnqrrri.roflc.trrtr apxRllau4para
Huxr_ ,:ter Errrrb Ao Crparurioro Cy4a.
lSel r.) qnraeru: -ttpo,qo.-r?r{arr,
lbjp:_-(l:l"nr"
er "Cir"pr"o"r"- <...> B llpatoc"'ranrlr rrer clreprlt, 116oc"nnf,,
ABo;tKa_rr: Te.rrecHarr Ir AyxoBEafi. TeJrecsas
cyeplh cocTolll. B TOrr, qTo TeJO JrlrlllaeTcfi lxlxb J'3Hrq- rrc?ra nr^;tiJl] ]l{l3BLtu Jlect, rr
IioTopafl o}Itr.lBJr,lJa_ero. a Ayrl]n, cMeprLro B ,ryAyruelr npKo. cMcprlr ecrL ..tuult,
])"xoBHa' , vto BpeMeHHoepa3"rryqeurre
,tl-rua Jrruaercrr 6.raroAarrr'noxo"t, "ou, Ayl[rr Ir reJa. Her cuep-
noiopui En .4JTflKoro. tr6o Xplrcroc eocripnc
or{iuB.'Ig.'ra
ee BhlcrxeroAyxoBqoo ;rinrnnlo. 1r J..]r Bccx.
yMeperE,Eo Ee IaK, xan yrrupae" [y:ura Beqshrii noHoii rr B(,,nrir)rtruvarr,
:1I1"_r]:^." i:T^ "j.:tl:i:.
DOIA E B bore. .v
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pa3ptruaercr; a AyIna, nolAa yMtrpaeT u uycy,'rtlrancnuir paii c rlpfxtru
rpe-\iolr. _-_-H-e nepeA Ea-
ruuMu otraMu, Ee rycri.ra.s u H).Asafl ulrpiaua *,

72
Ee r.rpoTnBHoetI cnlqEoe flepeBoniroqeHlle, - a lonn An,naxa, ocraBJltror reJra npaBeAgblx Ea-
rrrxrrc paiicfirrc 06LIre.rr[.ne]IeprlaIoqlrii CBeT B cJlatr{Aarrcfl llonoell Ao !,ua aocripeceuua, rpeu-
seRcqepHclr f{ne Xprcrona IIapcrla. I]c-rnot: EIIITOB HAl{AAbTBAIOT I{YtIIITEJI!HLINI AABJEHIIEIT, A
lpuo6lqenrrc 6.raixerrcrua,BctIrIatt lllrryprll, t'Ao nnoBeprlcB lynqr qro ecrb crr.]rbr:<llc"rn 6u rr,r
xepyButtcliylo lloIoT rlo ,ie.-loR() tlccIillc fo.:IllcaJa BIIAeJI,naH 3aBepuarOTir{lI3rrb TCr, rioTophtc ue
; rrri rr ca Nr r \ x c py Dlllt o l rr c e p a c l rrrro l > [1 1 3 ], BepoBa.rrr{,aEre.rrbr- orrn 6r,ror rrx Ilo Jrrrqy rr no
<lOpn4rrvt'ctilt>IIilctr 6ecclrcprlrtl A)rlltll BItop- cnunalr: <rBnycurc Eatiaaauue noaiapa!> (Iiopan,
srre 6br;ra otlroplr;rera tta Htttteiicriolr co6ope 8:s0/52
).
(32i r'.), riorAa [pu yrB(rpirijleHrlucr{i\ttso.'Ia Bepbr Itor4a Arrar pemr,rr, rrro Racrylru.ro Bperrfi
s neto iibl.r at.Ilmqeu Aoftlar o lHrl3llll BerIIIotl. A,rrr trocJrenHero Cy4a, rce rueprBbre 6-r-1yr rocn-
OAuaxo n ;lalr,neiirtt'rt t, iioroo.'toBcrioiicpeAc pelreHbr u rpeAcranyr nepe4 Eororr, llpaee4urr-
B0sHlrli,'rrr 3rraqllTeJrrll6ro cllopbl 0 nprpoAe Ay[rI Hr,r rocre Cyga o6peryr se,ruoe 6.qaxieucrno s
lr ec cy4t6c noc.{e Tc.Icctlofo yMupaHIrfl' paro - ar-f{xtanrre (r 6yriaa"rrnon epeBoAe
<cag)). mB I{opana uoxno oqep[Hyrr, c,xe,Eyro-
IqI4e XapaKTepucTrrnrraJr-/(1r{aEHa:(...Ta}r - pe-
xu It3 BoAbl EcrropTfulerlcfl, u peKr.l r'13 Mo,rroHar
...c TorlliIt 3PEltufl lIc,lIAllA. BKyC I{OIOpOTO He MeHfleTCq,U peHrr U3 BlIEa,
nplrflTHoro nJl.fl Irbrorqrrx, u peli[ rr:t i(eEy oqu-
IqeHHOTO), TaM Calbr ((TeMHO-SeJreE6re], TaM
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yrBop)fiAaer, 'lro qlll3lr.lecliaA lioHtrxHa Ire flB"'rE- flocqT (oAeEH[fl SeJreH6re r13cyHlyca rr apqrr, rI
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B noc.'leropanu.recnoe BpeMtr B lrcraMe c'[o- TaM utr_coJrHL(a.Htr Mopu3a.6,rr;na wa4 nulrrt
XIIJIOOb IIpeACTitBJIeHlte, qTo MelnAy cMepT6ru Ir TeH6). I OJ]OI OHU yTorqloT ((nJrOIaItn M TeX,
Cyguulr 4nell, xorAa A'llax 6ynor oxou'tare"tt - vro oun rn6epyr, E_MEcoMlrrnl( rB Tex, rrro no-
H o pcuarb cyg s5 rt n c lt . llo[ eii. c y qec r By c r npo- ;fi e.rl al oT))J nOnT IIX l OC nOA b (IIaU IITl i Ol l 'rIIC TLTM)'
e;fivro(rHoe co crn tjHlt o < , 15apr ax ' r ( ( t r pef paAat ) rrrauei i . cMecbn ri oropoi i c rrH 6rrpcu,r..n3 reK y-
(Fiopau,23:ll00/102).I) lrou np{rMe}Hyrl{e rera rl€ro [croqHuKa - or Hero ne crpaAaror l'oxoB-
yr{eprrrnr ncc erqe o6"'ra4aIorctroco6uocrbro'lyB- uoii 6onr,ro n oc,la6,renuev>.B navecrre rpuc.ly-
crBoBarb, xor[ 1I rlaroAflTcu B llorllrax' a Ayull rr{ y npaBeAElrx 6yqyr <ualr,vrtriu BeqHo roHbre),
vMepu[ -\ ttoIirAirto r .t t t ' io t t , l t t t ' 6oc it ( [ y ulr l ] t ly - o6xognrquc xo3reB (c cocyAaMrr na cepc6pa u
lttt6 o tt tlo r uqc q Udl' ir - \ ) T I XaI palt . |- riy6talru xpycra,rfl)). a B Ka'recrBe i+ics o6rrrrte-
"yre
vlrltat t ).
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B ucrar're ecrL cneqlla.rrbEbll{ TeplIIlE (ailao 6nrqne, crepcrnnqblD, (qepHooliIc, 6o"'tlrrtcr.'ra-
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roBopIIT o llooifirrAaHlroilolr,urolr lioJltrrtccTBe Ira- ueH rre>[19].
pa.r.re.reii rrci{rAy }rrrrrrr. 3ru rapa.n,rreru y5egr- Bc;rrHal rlpauqy;cuan pcBo.xroq[s,6cayc;ror-
le.rbHo lrsJoir{eHbrn rpyge Iiapla BeHxcpa <He- uo, HpaBcTBcrr{oneaa.rlbBltpoBa.'la noHETrrecMep-
Secauii rpa4 d;u.nocotfonXVIII sc]ia). Ocuosuoi.i Trr, xortr rr 1o nee <<6uroaoe>f,pllcrr{aEcRoe }rbltl-
Teslrc DeKfiepa iJar{inouaeTcEB ToM, rrTo tsepa .rP H U cIrJrycri a.ro,toB u.rbl ro,fi l ttt;rsnpuoe orrro-
Tlpoc,eeuenrn o6.ragaer cru.rb ?+ieonpege,renuoi.i ueEne A rcpcxoAy B lrrp rrllon.
acxarolorrreii, rtro lr xplrcrrrarcrno. Oua yria;st- trI. Xciirlrula s lintlre ((f)ceHr,c peAHeBe $oBr,E ))
Baer Ha rprAyrrlrrii paii riax Ha Honeyuyro rIeJrL sbrAe.rrrreT Tprr r{)0fiollcTBVroutrre TeMH. cB'l3aE-
Haulur aelrHbrxr{-vrrcurrii.Ilpar4a, ue6ecurrii rpag rlble c oclrbrcJreHr.reM cMepTt{B eBporreucrioM uoSA-
XVIII seHa aorrr{riHer ua 3oMJle. Ho sce Helr cpeArrcBerioBbe. (Ilo-flepBbrx. r'[e Bce re, riro
,rte oH - Ae,rro6ygyrqcro, rors 6br rr leAalrerio- paHee Haro,rruflJrlr'rp )TlrM te;rrrio;teuueu? [a-
ro... Tartoe 6ygyulee He yNrerqaercl ts npeAeJrax lleer }roTllts lr0Beprarorqeu B TpcncT riapTr{rrbt T.[e-
uaueii rnu;uu. Bepno u ro, rlro JrroArrSygyr ua- B ua B cero Tul o. ' l To i btJtu l | ori url ti t ,trol cxoi i npa-
cJlal Aarr,cn v\r eo n.l.arrL.Ho scroltHlrre, .rro cororo. I4 uariorcr{, lrorus ll;rqcri[ cMepru, Bo-
Bocripeceurreu paiicrioe 6Jax{eHcrBo eo fhLorLL - BJteriaoqeii r cloii roporog:rrogeii ocex no;:pac-
HeoT'r,er{JerrarrrracTb xpucTra}Iclioro yrreHurr. ros u rl anl rni i r [20].
B xonriperuue AeraJr[ i]Toro pal tsxoAttr; Ee cro- Iiorla s XIV rcri,: r errpotcuoriolr ucriyccrBe
rrr. M,,;n c r , is r r s . r r po c n e tq e n ' tc c ttrripi a i i rru c rrT (ilrrrcparypa, 7{trBollc6. rpa{uxa rr c}iyJr,trrypa,
xa p ari re p r io" r eeuar c pu a ,ru ru i i . l te n c c 4 y l to a u u ri i , ' r(rarpaJrJoB i l uubl c rrpc;l cr B JreH l rn) l onau.racu
.relr paii xprrcruancriuii. Ho xapaKrepuo gln o6e- reua ll.lncori cMeprlr, oua crala ucpcorur$nqlr-
ux perurrrii [c{ei}HoBerrrre,:"ra n rqernocru. f{y- poBaEEr,rM BbrpatrieEIleM y]I(aca, coAporaHlrfl,
ura-u re"ro! - 6,'rameucrnymr n B ToM, Ir B .tl l l ti oro. Je-l errl truFrocrpaxa. (B cl B ,tacrH arr pe-
Apyroll pato. Mnoruu xpucruauan (cauuu 4y- JlrfuossaE ltbrcJlr,TyT ?I{e I]epeHocltTBce 3To B
xo BEo n p ouI uur eJ bHb l rr u J s u x ) Bc e 3 T o Mu ]r(e r MoparbEyro c{repy,- pe3rcr{rrpyer }l. Xeiiaus-
rroria3arr,cfl Harioii-ro rapunarypoii aa ux pai.i. Ia,- cBoAtrT fi memenlo mon, oxoTHo uctroJlb-
14x pari - lro ueol[cyeMbrii ancraa, a sc rpocro 3y'l uonquHtroxlyrc c[Jry cTpaxa, ocHoBa EOrOHa
oroyrcrBrre a;ra, Ho Kaxosbl 6r,t utl 6br.]tu ux Mr- IrpeAcTaBireErfx. oxparuerrHr,lx ytiiacon trepeI
crtrqecr{fleue,rx. 're.]oBeHyor M[pa ceto cror paii l prB l rl el tl fl utr. B onpSr fl .rncri rr cl reprrr rpyl nrr-
Iia?r{eT9EnoaaBjleHr{eu, oTMeHorr BceroJ paArr qe- pyroTc'l nclioTopbrepoAcTBerrHbtc trpencTaBJleHr.rrr,
ro cTorrT ?rirrTL.A,'rE cpeAHero xe xplrcTrrarrrHa cBrr3ilEEbreco cMepT6lo14 TaK?fielpe[Ea3EaqcE_
paii - npocro liaNoe-ro neoflpeAeJreuuoe6la*ren- Hbre cJry)IitrT6 AJ'rtr ycTpalneHxtr II Ea3lr,qaErrfl.
crBo, npeliparqelllrc 6opr6u, yAoBJrerBopeHtre nic- llols,lcltlro II.r.ucnu c:vrepru npoAtrtecrByer Jre-
raE!.rii. renga o Tpc.r HirrBrrrxIr rpex ltcpruux. V;xe e
R o6orrx BepoyrroErlrx toue.rnrri.i pci]yJt1,Tar .\l TI tcrr,' ol i i urMo,,r' l n l o {,pal rl yi } oi oi i rt,tre-
6r,rrtrr onpe;lc,rtaercscrr;roii, 6oree norqnoii,'leu pi l Typc: Tp(,e j tl ti l TH btx hrH outor, 1t(' oH {xIl aE s0
cnna ;rro6oro orgcJlr,Horoqe"'IoBeKa. Jlrc4u moryr BCTpeqaroT Tpex oTBpaTrrTeJrbEbrxMepTBeqoB.
Ironlrrarb aaMucJlbr :toii cn;tu, trolyr nplrcno- yriaSyrorqrr]( IlM lra cBoe 6rr,]Ioe aeMHoe ge.Iu-
co6;lstuct r; nuu, Eo;r;ue roro. oHrr no,lrx{Ebraro que- l t E a cnupsri i r;oH e4.rrel rxH yeMool t{Il aaro-
AeJrarr,.cc.rrr xorqr rroflacrr, n paii. 14rlteuurr,, rqlrii rcnorueii, rioropbrc noxa er.qe lxunr,r. tr{cn.,ro-
oAHalio,r)TrrBalrrrcJr,roHrr He Moryr. tr4nrrlruc;ro- 'rt,rTo,r[,H0 BblpdJ[TL..tLHbre ncpcuua}I(],t(ppecoI{ B
nalln, o6c pc,rrrrxlr - lr xpr{crrtaucnafl, u npocBe- I{a:uro Cauro B fllae - caMoe pannee BonJroqe-
IIICHqeCNaE-ocEoBaHbt Ha npeAOIIpeAe"'leHIrtI{. rrue eroii TerrblB cepr,e3Holrlrcnyccrne.B XV rexc
Ha npaxrrrric oHu clrarrlalor 3To lpe,qotrpeAeJle- MrrHrraropbr r pear,6a no 4epeBy AeJraor sror
F t 1 ^ Al l l fl or , 1r ' r l. ll^r i,' lo .l { ' n o g al ru ri o i i 6 o p t6 r,r :ri r cromer ucco6rqrrrr JlocrorrHrrcu; orr craHoBrlct
;1o6po uporlrr rr.ia. ;rrrrxoii. noropatr Aaer rlo,'ro- rufl l orn' pdcl l pocTpaE fasuM B tsacTcH tsou.,]i -
BeHy rro ireHbueii lrepe u.r"rnsuro nuqsoii cao6o- rorruor> [21].
.:u. Xpucrnaucnoc rrouflTtre 6narogaur naxognr Paayl'reeicx, nporrcxoArrr 3ro He c,rlrlaxHo.
cBoro rapaJrreJlb a .rrrqe $u:rocoScnoro pa3yMa, LMepTL ^
TeCHOCB_s3aHa B COSEaFtr Cpc.luero rre-
lro H trl e c f iy n. r llr r f l . B ;rrtu p tu .ro c u tb ,ri o r.u ,rottoti a c 0rr1o o4rroi i l rtl I,recri oi i ri ,rTptopei i -
rpocaeqerrrfl. f[a;lle rlr arirrr o6.racrrr, riari op- norrlrrrelr cnpaBeA"rrlrBocrtr rr paBeEcrBa.14 lllten-
f arrrr3ilrlrrfirr prrTyaJI,rirpil"r.-re,-rr rralrpalrlnBaroTcrr uo uaoSpamenre rpcx MeprBeqol Brrecrc c rpc-
c a rru co ,i oii. llr o oc o6e rru ora rr(!T rrott Ii rrrrrl i i rre , Irfl :,t{ IIB hrM]t. no l tH eH r r' \,.ti :I rr. ,' 5pa;r1,e
r
lrro.1 iilIirrltrl3crioii penorrcqul l7.sl) toj{ir. hor-la cB ai l yrorqe0 i l B eH 0 l te?+i n\' ( )'1B p i l TI IToJTLH OI ftap-
f rr.oi rrrrcr;rrn r ; . r ; 6r r ,Hoc u rc .tu trrru u i iu , l ' r,r,rr,,r.' ,rrr rtluoii r"reutrn u nupa;xtrcrroii Il,rrcrioii clrepru

7ti
nfleeii Bceo6rqero paBeEcrBa B cuepr . C arorl To, vto ltaanxen n riosq-v XIV Belia rcqe3.rrn
tIo3nr(rrrrcMepr6 {)6peraer 6,laropoAHyn oKpac- c .lnqa 3eu,nu, HeylrrBrrreJrr,roJn6o onn, co6cr-
liv, ynurlToTr{aflrpogB,lrclrrrttileMEoI{ IIccnpilBoA- BcnHo roBopg, H arorry crpenn.rrtrcb.Hcrraru4a
,rruBocrR.liari roraprnattlr lr artttrciiqr,r: <rliorqa ,l tareptta.rtrruriMrrp,
i oH t,r[o.rl + i rrr fi l r;rrr H cl ragu-
Agau laxart, a lina ttlltita.- tito 6u.r ror4tt AeTL II CaMy ,I(II3III,; CJIeAOBaTe.-IbHo. yTBeplI{AaTh
NiI{CIITTT'MEITOiI i )) onn lo"r)xntt 6rrln Eaxe ue cueprr, u6o
B qero u , r t c J c \ I r r i l cr Xcii;r tr tr ta . ( p e .' Itir lto iJ- cMepTh- To,rlrrKo MoMeHTC eHbrcocTotlHurr,a aH-
l l a n I I 6I C. [ b n o s A n O I O C p c/lHu I]e Iio tsL t 3 iIAOT T o JII' - rrla{rranbn auruuupr [23].
rio gne npaiiuocru: ;ria.rto6y'ra ro. tlro Bce trpe- Pagur,ru.ttggo6 ucroxax Mas[xeiicrna. Ivurr-
xoAqrqe, Ha aena6exrrocrl )'Tparlr clrJrbl,rroqera, JIeB lI[eT IrsAaJrer{a - oE roBoplT o ToN, qTo
I{rrpcKrlx Eac"Ia}fiAenlfiI. Ha IICTICSEOBCEUe (paCO- <<nan6o.nee pactrpocrpaneuubrei[u,'rocorferrsr ua-
Tbr - n JrrHoBaHIre no lloBoJl' cnacefluq Eyll]tr u 'rara saueii apr,r yrBep'fiAaJru 6nno;rrpnocrr, urr-
o6percnrrn seqnoro 6;ra;ticHcrra. Bce, rITo rexur pa. pacxoAscb roJlLI{o B oAEoM: ,rro c,rrrratt 6.ra
B npoMelr(yTric M'+ill\ TclI It llpyllrM, Ee Eaxo- roMl a rrro - g,'roM,EctectseHrro c.rrom[nocr],re-
lrrr ce6e ttbrpaificrrxa. il{ulrte vyncraa Italtene- JreHIIe Ha ClrcTeMr,rmn3HeyTBepmAaroulrrc!co-
ror a paapa6orarrrllr Ao McJlo.rciiuao6parreunnx rJracno Itoropr,rM rrareprraJrLEatrcy6cranqrrn -
( , TTi r,l ti tt E ir t ( ) t |l|rcllie, r(,T o a u l p t-ru u x o 6 p a u a x 6.laro, a flycrora, ro ecrr Bcugrra,- 3JIo, r c[-
I l, rl cn rr c uopr r > [ 22] . cTeMbl,noJlaraDrqae,qTo MaTeplraxoBrrT Ayuy B
l3onpoc o6 ornollrerlrlrl Ii cMcprx Bccr[a llMe"t cBotr Terrera, o6soJraHlrsaeree rr rly{acrJ a ny-
lrltrec(yro oxpacny. 1-lo cl(c lalolro [o [o3Arte- I[4, llJl]r riBaETcosEarrrrf, cTpe]rrrTcrrBbrpBaTbctl
r'o Cpe[EeBeKoBb'l B03nlIIiJIa cllTyaqIIt, fiorAa ra BoJIroj ua pearlnoii rracrrrubr crarL Btrprya.rtb-
rporlrBocroflEfle rpar{Toaoti cMeprtr B oBpotreii- noii>. Iylrnnen cquraer o6a notxona 6ealora:a-
crioir q[BI{ruBalluIr AocTLIr.'IoHeBepo-ETsoroHa- TE.TT6EbIMT,IJ EO OHI{ trPIIBOA']T Ii B()3HII}IHOBEEIIIO
npnxefirq. .fl ultcto B nngy 6opr,6y rpaAltullon- AByX MO[Cre|lI rrOBeACHrrflrreJloaer{a a }rrrpe u co-
uoto xpucrlragcTBa u ualllxellcrBa B trepBoMTbI- oTBeTCTBeHTTOri AByM n03!lUlrtrtl Io orlto]IleIItrI()
CflqEJTETI,III. r( STrrqecRoMy cMbrcJly cMcpTrJ.
fIo;rnpuocrr B orr{olreHtr;Irr r{ Mxpy npotBII- <Ilepsar tro3r{q[n: uareprra"'rrnr.rii Mrrp yrria-
, r a cl , n r r nx B ( ' pax r a H rrrt t6 p a ro u : Ma fl Itx e II ceH rr Ec uMecT paBa Ha cyruccTBoBaHuej Tali
co{.rlrr lrarepIIn, rnapnr,rii Mlrpr qeJroBcYecKylo riari Bce )fiRBoe o?r{uAaer cMepr6, rioropaq ecrh
tTJrorr,3JoM, a Ilycrory - 6.,taroll, B orJllrqlle or yunrrrorr{eHrre. Rropan noaurlun: Mup flpefipaoeu,
\ I r t4 cl r{.r||,y r B ept liqc E l u l rx ,' ll o h o i l i 6 l l rB o p e H fl tl a cMepT6, llocroFHrro corryrcrRyroqaE 1}|rrsHrrJ
Hc ltorvr 6uri nocttre'ttnltr 14raernoro l\r[patta. npOCTO BLIXOA It3 CJIolIiHhIxj qacTo HCnepeHOC!-
He orpxuaBlnxx JHarteE[tfl pa,[ocreii n'lorcrioit Mbrx curyar{uii. Clreprr - 6.lalo, n6o ona cnaca-
?+in 3En a.]t q e.'loBe 'tocriolt Ayrlll,I. o r o r B H e M t , r p o B o r oJ J l a . H c c n p a B e t r , r r t a o c r r r . o 6 t t -
<<Caltrrlt npocrrrM BLIxoAoM AJra MaHIrxeeB n6l, crpaaaHr4fi, r{oropr,re crpauHee cuepur. O6e
6u;ro 6u carloy6ui.icrno,- ntrnter JI. H. Iyrru- r o J r r u w n n o c J t e A o B a r o , I b F b r ; l l u l t t n u u r 'r 6 p a r u , r n .
JeB.-EO Orrlr BBeJrrrB CBOIO AOI{TpIrEyyqCSUe 0 6yrono xe,;rarruro.
gyrr.
rrepeceiileHlrrr Sro 3Ha{Irr, qro cMeprr, BBep- B nepnoii troBrrrltrIr- crpeMJeHlle 3attenIITb
raer cauoy6nriqy B HoRoe potxneExe, co BceMrI lrrcnperuBre cucreulr (6noqeuo:) ua ?rrecrKrre,
BbrreHarcnInMIr orcroAa Herlpr'IFTHocrqMu. floaro- HOTOpbre,rro Jlorllfie paSBIITuE, npeBpaTflT tfiI{Boe
My paAtr crraceHrrfl ay npeAJraraJrocr' Apyroe: cyqecrBo B nocsoe, HocHoe rrprr repl{rrrrecH0II
rr3Eypenlre n.roru "1116oacneaoii, "lu6o ueucro- peaHrlur{ pasJtoxtnTc'l,qo MoJrcnyJr Mo;ter{yiIbI
BhrM pa3ryJoll. no"rJeIiTIrDHblM pa3BparoM,nocJle pactra[yTcn Ao aToMoB,tr3 aTorroBBbrac,lfTcF pe-
.tero ocra6esrrrart rIareplrE AoxE{I1a BrttrycrtrTr, aJII'HHOqaCTnqbI' IiOTOpI're.,aHIIIIIlIIUpyU.Ilpe-
xyny n3 csorrr riorrci.i.'Io"rrno ara Ile.rrbtrpu3Ea- BpaTflTCfl B BI{pTyaJIhHr,le..'-tLrMrrTTaIiOr0 pa;lBll-
BaJracb MaHIr\erltrIt JlocroiiHoii, a !ITo HacaercE Trrff- Bar{yyM. 14 nao6opor, rprl yc,,ro?]irleHllrt
sCMrrr,rx[cJr, To llopajlh. ecTecTBeHHo, ylpa3EHrr- OIICTeM,IAe il(II3HI II CMepTLIlAyr p1'ria o6 py-
,rtacr,.Bcgr ecrrr rlilTcpfit - u.'to,To ;rro6oc ncr- rivr BoBHrrfiaerpaanoo6paauc.Horopo{' re}IeA.rreH-
pe6renuc ee - 6,raro. 611r' ro y6tiicraoi .rloxtr, rro lrepeAaercf,B Ircrrxo,'Ioruqocfiy()c{llL'p},co3Aa-
irpegarer scrno... Bcc uc rrrlcer rsaqesus. IIo or- cr trcnyccrBo, noaatrIo, Hayliy. IJo. rtone.rso, aa
ltotxOEt,rtOH lpPlMeTa]t itlaToptlaJrlbEOlo l''trpa 6u- reqa"rlu n pa[ocrrr flplrAercfl r']arllrb SaKoEo-
iIo Bce IIoSBOJleHO. uepnoii ifnauvecxoii rR6ertrc. JIorttNtr aAecs qer,
TaKaq noHllenqlrg rrc[\'IaJIa Ir paSo3JtI,rJIa u6o lDagu;rsgocrb reglrca raua B oIIbITeu B IrE-
cpeArrcBerioRblx dpauqyaor. I4x ;t;loporan uRrytl- rynr"""oM o6o6rqeuuu. Blr6op lyru cno6ogen.
r1lra l:6ynroraracb rlpornB itorlxrt. Cucrella na Taxona nonrporepaa.
nepern6e or $altt no;1r'cnta t atilrarn'recxoii {ta- I4 calroe .lm6onr,trnt,c.,rro oHa rlpocJelfiIlBa-
;Je cTorlliHy.rach c aHTlrcrlcrorrolr ll ocTaB[,rla Ha eTc[ oT Halltl,Ix aHoll Jo rrarlaJa HoBoIl apll, oT'
J e It,tc rone .l Iia JHe Hu blr . . . Jti tucreH qIIa.l tJua A o rE ocrtl ri oB .6l l .ftl croe-l ta-

77
\aaEI I Cf r)8 . )tAltn\cl]t - iln o .- lo fcl o B llcp Bo ll no- eqe ogrr MoMeEr, o rioroporr c:reA]'er Ea-
. ill xo rr'l :il. llr)ulurrb. Cyulccrlyer o[pe e.]cHHoc nporuBope-
l., lll l , " l 'rl ,l ,l . ll. | \lIll.lr ' Dil B( llllil. ,) \' .Lr ' ]l rrrt: ueHtAy <ecrecraenrroii) (rprrpognoii) u <rrc-
c rl r r r i l r b . L l T 0 IIi l ccf o Alltllllliuli IeHb ll .\111p( ' ll{ J- riyccrrennoii> (pe;rnrroauoii) arnuecxoii rpan-
,ir,1rr.rrr aiir;rrel tBepir{AaIouue cucteMsI. Ho Bce TOB Ii OII C MepTIIJ B O3Je Ii OTOpOfO IIOTOITaJIC fl ' II{)
;IiL, \''{Crt},luHe coBce}r }ioppeliTno or(eHrBaeToT- He Aorne.r Ao cro cyuluocrrr IL i\. Itpolorruu u
lorlLrrrro ri ;rirr3EtrIr crleprll y xpncruan. l{e"rrrt csoei.i ((SrrrHell. Hepaaeucrro (uepaprun) rian
\ l)rrcTIi l f lc T aaoT r ollr, H e rl a 6 o p n o i r(r- 3afioH nprrpo[br noapa3y]\reBaerliecroriyn, cNcp-
;rilrTcJhH6rr qeHHOcTeii,o ' rioTopLrxI8 ,]fl e T c gro.rrnyer f1- (a l oprri r rr B H l rpl B r.l (' -
fc:Ibryro ue;H B r.rA oB yn
\ t.rcu .- ( r r c T br epaA ,' c T | lr.ro ru , 6 p a r;. e e c c ,rrr,.. Byro) 6opL6y. MoxHo rtI npoBoArrrr, arraJorrrftl
.rro6olr ri lloauHe...D,XpIIcroc lporrolrcAo]rar Jlo- MeTr{AyApyrrrMr{ x{trBHMr{ cyl{ecTaaMlr lr rle.rroBo-
6osL ri cogcel'r uuoii poguuc - ue6ccHoii rr 6hr,'r ron? Becl rnapnuii Mrrp co3Aarr 6o|orr,- ro'r()-
,ryxI ;rro60ro narplrorrr3Ma. B lrou clrr,rc.rteou rly ]I{e 3Bepr.rMoryr 6e3naNa3aruroi+ilrrL Iro uu6r}r
6ult o6pa:qonrrlr riocMoro"'lrlTolt.Bropaa ncro.r- ;Jal{orraM.rrelHeln .rtrcAn?llorolly ,rro y uuta Her
rrocTb I yMrr"rreBaB ToM. lrTo oE BIr[rrT Me]r{Av nyuu? Ho BeAr,qe.rroBeK He orAe,'reEor lpnpoAbr,
Itaurrxei,icrson rr xprrcrlraHcrBoM ToJrbKo pa3"-ru- OE IIS E A \A JbH O (B trIIC A T) B IIE E U U OC TA B JIC II IE -
,1u.fl. A seAs eorl rr HecoMHeEHoecxolcrBo, pe4 Heo6xogltuocrlro fiafiIrM-Too6parov cootao-
Ll xprrcruancrlc trpucyrcrByer MorqrrbriilireueuT crrru_er'Il rrrre co cB o]l [t cyl U ecrB oadauo.\t B E ei i .
ltttuuxerlcroa, 116ocueprr, TpaKTyercn B rreM o[- trrlrca. 3arpbr3rxafiMEIlrrr,,He cctrTaeT,rrTo no-
rroBpeMeuEo I{a}i 3JIou nan go6po,3no * nocxo,ur,- crynaer 6eanparcrBeuHo.Tocno ral{ llie ona Ho
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* 31ccr, yrtccrrro RCIrontDrrr,irlllr(,nllrLlc ilroplrfi
l lrl tte no6pa: 1. il r or l tn u r, rr" r; o ' i l r,ri n . T rx (llalirtrornbr),rrrrIl.rrru.u ifrrr,rro{'nrl'ir
]Jl'rr
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u ,i ;1 ;1 ',g , , r btpil3A
t c J l' l()fc l l ri l ' t(,\. L l r) Il (.( t{ ,,]\' rrr (A)ixJulcc q('p0nara).
lt ts riofol)6r\ np('rrrI u jJB[tricuIrc
. -:. , ,i blr f lar ( [ I . r ar o u , I' c | r' rr-. \;.r' 1 , rr,' p ,1 .rr paaJloaiellHllil 6ccrotequoc qtrr,lo olpcJliolJ.

82
...c Tottlin SPEHII' nCllXOJIorl{R. Irlrry coBepmeflEonenblcxnrra. ,{lx narnero 6cc-
cotH i rTr.. t bItor(, H el lbtc.l l l trl u g9r' rl pa:]l tr
b l ea._IbH bl i t
rioueq co6craeunoii rxtt:nu irAecl, Ea aettile, It,
Il ri ouue \ lX - r a ,tt rc \X n o ri l Bo p l F tta - cc.-r[ DTa Harrra xrr3ll6 Ao.[]IiHa olioHqlrTbcfi, I{oHeu
y\soo IIo3rIanue tlupa Aocrtrt'la auotltettlla.Iltt- B C er.l j lcua:tbraa| Tctlc B \l el ui l Tp,tbcrl ouero6rux
rciiulrii paquona,tuatt uorIbITaJctlpa3.'loll{nrl)rla- crr.{ rraBue. fonopn npocro, B HaI]le}I rlecoaEaxl-
run 6o6ltn, MorIrBaqrlrr.altourJrI II T. u. rl)TI' .'llt IrP r pi r3)Mprbr l l o]i etl oH arl TL,crlt,r.rt' noy6a,l t-
Hc ua arorl6r. Oguatio repnorra'ta.'rr'uanliitfopltrr MII; HtilII'IcJIIIltaClIepTbOT eCTcCTtlt'IIIil'IX npllqnH
llocTerreHrro cMeHqJIacL pailollapoBaHllcM - olia- rr.rrr or crapocrlr. Ilolrouy cllcprt, lian raI{oBal
3 A " . I O CI ' , U T O C M e p T L I IC T a Ii C.:I0 ? HIIa . fiAli O ECII accor]rrrrpycTcflc IIyraIoqu]! AcxcTBIIetr, sJIbIll
r , rB opf lT .- orla rop aJit o c . r o; r ir r ee. I ipor t e r r t t , . jlotr uelr, c rreu-To, rtro caMo nonuer o6 orlrrlc-
r j o.Lt t uoe Ho,Ut,jt.CTB,rr ' ||, , , 1 t t ToqeHllii n TlCuI u- ul rl r Ir l i apc...
. rolrrr cac.'Ia"'Ir HOBo3\1otliu0ll eAITHyIOTpaliToBIi!' Bropoe, n qelr irrr Ao.r?IrH paro6purr'cl,-
I t o F f T ut clrep Tlt c ltu r llullil : r To[ l Eil) lilI . ?TO TO, .ITO Ealx reco3rralo lrtii paaylr ue le"-raer
3lame srrrlrii ;lIl ]ty EA t lt pc iil t t t t r ar c a r lllo paBr[.rrrt Me]ri4y ]fie.rlaurrert u geanuelr, "-lro6oii
paclpaBlrrtcl c npo6.'tclroii. aBeAtr repMltut.r II3 EaC IlOmeT trepecKaBaTLIII[IeEHbIlI JOuInlI
(BJIEqEEII'I H II (B.TIEIICETT'I{ CMEPTI'I)' con, B Koroporr coceAcrBylor npoTllBoperrarqltc
IIo Opeiigy, Brerrerre ''}iII3I{TIDIi cMeprlr (Todestriebe) - Apyr Apyry co6urun lt yrBeprfiAetr[t - Bnojrr]o
luro trp[cyrque nHArrBIrAy, HaK IrpaBu.rro,6eccoasa- rpue JlelrbrcB cllax, Ho rrelrblcJlllnbreuprr 6ogp-
TeJIbEbIe TCEAeEII H CaMOpa3pyIXeI{Irro rr Bo3- crBoBaurrtr,Ilolo6uo roMy liart nbr B cBoelt Ee-
,ipdqesuro B lleopraulllrecnoe cocrossne. B no;I- co3nantrleM pa3yMe Hc IIolKer! orJIIrqIITb ?r(eJa-
loM coorBercrBntt c rere,rencttoii trua"leRTIltioil Elre Bo rlreBe y6urr rioro-ntr6y4l or atira y6uiicr-
BJeSeEnr{ K ?lllrsEtr lr B"[eqeHIrtl fi cMeprl',r nporlr- ta, ua.reutnuit pe6euon ne B cocrotflIru paarfi'
Bononolr(Hll u eaIrELr B oano I{ To rxe npeua. I4qa vutl $antaerrro rr peaJrLtrocrI'.Pe6erroti,rioropblii,
[oArBep)r{Ae}rl{fl cBoIIr ITAeii n pa6orax 6uoloron, paccepAr!Brx[cr,, tro?fie"rIaJI, vro6rr uarr' ylrep"'ra,
Opefr4 roropnr o6 y4unnre.uruoucxo[crBetrpeg- U3-3a ToIo IITO OHa TIe BbIIO.TIEII;IA erO npOCr,6y,
JIOTr(eEEOrO EeMeqKnM reEerlrlioM A. BeiicMauoM 6yner r ancueri cretrenll rpaBl{[poBar ee peaJlb-
IIeJrcEus Ea cMeprlryn coMy (re;lo n yanon cuuc- nofi cueprsro. Ou 6yger ncerga noaropnrr ce6e,
,'re) u 6eccuepruyn (nplt onpeAe.rleHEr,Ix yc,'roBlr- pe?r{e apyrt{M: ?To ff c,qe.rlaJr,rr nr oBaT, g 6f,Ir
xx) aapogstlreoylo trJa3]Iy c Ae.r'IeEIIeMHa BJIe- rr.rroxrrM. noSTorryMaMa lIoHIlHyJIaMel]fl.,.
\onuf, H CMepTt{ II K ?r(rI3HIr,uCTaEaBJlnBaflcL Itorga ust Brrpacraell u HaqtrEaell troflIrrlarrt
RI{paTue sa pe3Iio AyaJurcTIItIecliorl troEIrMatrEIr qro Ire rali BceMorynlff,qro6u cAe;rarr'HeBo3]toifi'
gre.restlil, ancrpuiictttlii trctlxlrarp Ha- HOe BO3llO)fiELIM, CTpaX, qro Mbr BrrlloBaThr B
opnpogrt
rolrngaer o roMJ iITo, no reopllfi 3. l'epltnra, n clrepTlr Aoporofo qe,'toBel{a,yMerrbl aercfl, a Bl{e-
;rlrsoir cy6cranqtrrl trpotlcxo1nr 6ecnpepblBHo cTe c Errlt fi tryBcTBo BI,IHbLLTpaX ytacaeT, HO B
lBa poAa rrpoqeccoB npoTlrao[oJrot+(Eoro HatrpaB- rtariofi-ro uoMeET Bsogattgo vcfi;rItgaercE. Oq sc'
JleHtrs, 0AIIII - CO3IrAaIOqefO, accIlMI{JItlTOprlOro' rro BlrAeERa Jlrqax;rrogerl, ugylqnx no 6o;rbun'I'
Apyrlrc - paspyrna Iouero,,qlrcclllllr.'rsTopHor0
TIr- EbrM rioplrAopaM UJIII y Tex, nTo IIoEec Tn?fieJlylo
na. <rIlorrxnr,r JIrr MbI llorlllTarlctr y3rlarL B arlrx yrp ary.
o6ort uanpan;ren[qx xIt3HeHHIirx lrpoqeccoB pa- Cynpyltecxal rlera r\tollier rolarrlt ccopltrlcs,
6ory nanrx o6our g,reqestlir - a..reqcnrrn K )I{lt3- HO rroc.-re cMepTrr *(eEbr Myxt uarIHeT coltpylllaTb-
ur{ u B,iIeqcHl{fl K cMeprul - saAaerctr Bolrpoco]I ct,3atrJaqeT B pac(agE nu II cTpaxe, cTaH eTc[\c
Opei:r;1.- Ho nr.r se MoNieM cKpr,IrL rr roro' ,qro 6o;rrure 6ostl,cg co6crsenloii crleprlr, Beptr B ila-
uH Heqar[Ito uo[a":rIr B rauatrs Sn.rocoifuu IIIo- IioH (orio sa oHo, ay6 aa sy6l: <fl BlrrroBilr tt co
lleEray3pa' [.r][ lioToporo cMepTIr ecTr' <<co6crsclr- cMcfrrr. I ra aro nortl 6ny na,tttoi i cttopretoo.
urriil peayl;rarl I1, c.[c]IoBareJrIJEo' qeJ]' Roslrolxno, BHaq SToj"-rerqerroEflTLco6.rro,1an-
'tllr3- rrllrectr cTo"'reTIrflMrlMEorlre o6H.rarr tr plIT]'aJbr,
u r . . . ,[r3 2 ].
CosDelltessuli rrccrc,qoBare"'rb :lorlrop Il crtrro l i oropbrx 6trl o crtnr,tuTr, ttt.o ' i nrng tt._l l r
( { :l l l n ). p a c mra rp "r[i]a-
trB a ro l rtatl o6qecrna, yMeHbrrI,ITlolnrlAacll"vtt)riap1'.fl Itueto
5 cr I{1 16r ep- P oc c
r l rn 6t " or . r r , O pc ii :r rr l o l t' a . u tl tu l r: r' l i c rtt I] BIIAy TpaypELIe OAeEiAbI'ByilJb. ?rierlcRrl trJltl\{
" B perucE - B ce rri r cnr' coi i bl B bl saarl r
uri o6epneucx raaa4 I o6partlvcs K l{y"rrrypa}r crapnfl nbrx
tITo c\lcprl I1o Bcc BeIia )H a.tocrt ti oII,]aH t,tB rrP ' rtr' . cl oco6et gut-
atol nc\tl
poruJrofo, To yBIt[II]|.
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q e " ' Io R{ ' Iio lI IiAII e CiIa cT t' o lI' pax{eEr{rr ncya.nr, roptr. plcIiiltrrIIIrr. rle:roseri n
uueg"A,to, rari 6yger rccrtrit ][;rlr ncll)irlarpa aro rope 6rer ce6n n rpygr,, pner rtn ce6e BoJrochr, or'
coBeDrrlcEfo oqeBul\Eo tr' RcpotlTIIo, r{oiltcT ublTt) Iia3bIBaeTCt eCTb' TelI Callbllt IIIiTa[CI) IIa(a3aTT'
.r1, . t rirc o6 r,lcle rIo B Tc plr nllil\ I I at lI c lo r r oI ] llr I a- co6n rr tr;6ematl' rlollcrotlIIICfo Rcrlllol'o Ilaliitllil-
s rn 6ccco ltu a teltt,lto ii ' lac r t t ! ' l) ; il lt l lt oc o3lt At t r - l l r t t t I . r r r r l c . r i r '1 t t r t ' t r , r l r r . t i u r o l r o i i o l l ; l i : 1 r 'T i i l
qero paayMa cltcpr! no oTuorllenulo li ceoc ca' cueprb,rIro6xlf oro rIc;loBetia.

83
6n
yJBcTBa ropE. pacKasH[g.
ue TaH Aa,]te- HlIfl: or Ee rrox{eT na6aBlrTbcf
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:lt :l lt-tt9, ncerga aecer n ec.rrn6r,r aaxore;r; oH rre Mo11ierua6asurbcrr na?rie
cer)c rEeB. llocriojrbriy Hr{r{Tor,rt nac He xo.ret or re-
o6_ .qal llo. u--reJn 3acran]tler-ero ifie,ilarb
parrrrb rHcD ua noxoiinorcr, rru DMoq111n qAcro
rracrirrpvrorca rrrrrrnonaB,rnmrcrr r{ crry}r{arnpo- ^,rrrrrrti? "f,ttl;
nor'"'"tl'r,lt-ffiltrr".il,llll;fff,ir?r:r"H;rr.
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l)-er rrolrHrrrrr,trro Earna BaAarra_ He pacqeu[- onna"ipo*
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84
a6crparirBoro ttbrltr.'reErrE, pa3BnrrleM EElynqnlt. ayrorpenltHra pa3ylr rr re,ro 6o.nr,soroorHa3HBa-
r{eronen croco6en Boclprlnlr}rarb He roJrblio rpfl- .rrllc6 rlp]lEl.Irfarb rpgAyrrlyIo c]repTb ]ia]i ecTecT-
[1yro, uel] ocpeAcTBeHHy () yrpo3y iliIIilflrr, Eo lI BeEnyro.
tioclcfluyn, orAa"'IeHEyx)J BblpaifieultyIo t ;rro6oii <Tanlru o6paaou,- lurner .il. Volcotr,-
aocnptnunacnoii Irtr rioNIIry [rrfia qrroH]Ioii cIIcrc- ullor\ccc yuuparrrlfi, tl()-BIl[IlMorry,rB.r'le1cI carro-
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clilli,i yir{ac. rortr ceucopnatl cllcrella rleJoaoha .lleEIbr]Ilr, lloAAarorltrMrrcrI ollllca ilro nepe'tilIRa-
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;a6o.'rcsanrc o6tr.rno tittiola: <Her, ro.tr,Ito ne a, oTpeIIreEH0cTbro D.
JTo nenpanAa)). Tarioc trcpnorra'ta.rIsnoe orprrua- I,I onrrr paccy?fiAeHrs Yorcorra se concell
Hrrc clrcpTrr 0'Ic116 rIOro?rie Ha IlepBbIe oTrratrrl- HOppeliTHLr.trTMeqeH0 Helra;ro cJryrraeB, HorAa
Hble [oflSITtitt a)bllIlHIIcril ocraHoBltTb cBoc lIa[e_ ilrolrr, I]pocrrAeBtllrre B o]r{rrAaHurr ucrloJneEIIE
llre. Iian ro.irt,rio 6o,'tr'rloii ocoilHaer pea"rlbrlocrF llpuroBopa trrllorlre roAbr, rrrJruHa riasEb ]iaH pa3'],-
npo:lcxo,qErqef o. cIo orprluafiu(l cileHflercfl rHe- trpenubre JrIlBrir a rrc riaH Irolioprrbrc osc.rt{u. (Eo-
rorr rru tfpycraqueii. <flo'reuy tl, aeA6 MEe erre .ree lo4po6Ho o llcrrxoJrorrrrr ocyHAeEH6rx Ea
1afi IIEuro nyxno cAe,'rarl?> 14noraa nuecto arolr cMeprb roBopnrcl B paalenc <tr4cropnncMeprlrr,Ix
cTaAltlt c;IeAyeT cTaAlltl lonbrToK coBepIIIIITI' Ha3Heii).) Ilpocrurr J1. Vorcorry u rro aa6;ryl*i-
cAe,r(y c co6oii II c ApyrIrMrI tr Bblllrparb AoIIoJI- neHIIe, ocltoBalrHoeHa Herro,'lHoTe AaRHbrx,u uo-
HrrreJrr,uoc BpeIlE Ea nttunr. lior,qa Tr{e cMblclr c.rtyrraeM,rrro oH roB0prrr [aJ6lxe.
ra6o.[eganrrg ro.'IIrocrhrtl oco3Hacrcfi, fiaclyttaer <Bo;rltoxro rioiry-To )To nohaxerc.a Harflx-
n c puoA crpu \d rl ttr Aonpc c c lllt . 3t a c r a, qt t n s c liolr. oA[a]io ubl c,tlrae]r, rrTo B liofie r.lcToplrl,rHa-
f l u(. (ir aHa .turo B cp el.u noleu{ uBaEuii. c aEJ aEf lbr r [le ornou]c rrc ri cNrepru noBTopFJronocJleAoBa-
CO IHeBaIIEOII CIleplI]rO' lI' BIIA[lto' BOAEIIKaeT re,lhHocrr, cra;1lrii ynupannE. IJ Haueii ucrop[[
.rrrrrrL B TCr CllTyaqntlx, riofan y croilliEyBrneroctl 6u,lo rpcltR. rioJ:,qa .IrIoArIornaariBa.{[ct, Bep[Tb B
c0 cllepTlro qe.lloBclta ecTL Bpcng AJrtl ocllblcJle- T0, ,rTocN opTr,rrpc.t(Ta8.l tcTc,i 6oi i ecrccrecH eoe
Etr't nporrcx0,{r{uero... co6nrrrc. npcill{)rltras I}oailararb orBercrBeHnocrb
liorre'tgrre cra[[u ullti.]ra. npeABapfiloqne a- ra aee Ha tariue-;rr,r6o onvlreBreHnble lr.rrr'rEeoAy-
cryltreurle H.nuunqccrioii clleprrl, oAnIIa.KoBbr liali rrreB.rrellHr,rccrr.;tu,3ro orqerrnBo nposB gercg B
rrpll I{1'HOBeHHOrr,Tari 11 npfi ]lenJIeIrHoIr cMepTI. norpe6a.,rr,Hbl\06pqAax quBuJru3arl[ii, EaceJrflB-
lic.tu yltttparcrqtle 6o;lr,une rMeIor [ocrarorlEo r[u]i fleJbry (Vorcon uueer B Bu[y rrryMepoB.
BpelteHu A.rlr roro, .rro6r,r cflpaBrITBc.E co cBorlMll accupniiqen, crlnrnu.- 4. ./1.). 3arelr Eacr)'na-
c rpaxaMt r lr n nr\rItp I lTbc r l c s enl6ex uoc t lt o eT rreprroA rpllrrflTll't cMeprlr HaIt pearr,Eofo. 3a-
crlepTtr, IIJIr IIO.rIVtlarOT CoOTBCTCTRyIOUIy() IIO- BeprllaIoI|{cIo Etr,r3lrhc06brTlrfi, xapaItTcpsoro Ailtt
lliaIoI{!Ix, To oHu HepeA(o HarrIIHa- nyAciicKo-B ruuc(Irx qIrBLI"rrIrsaqrrii,Ia.nce c.re-
orqb or olip)
()T rrcnbITr,IBaTb cocTotlllllc lroriotl rr yMllpoTBopoH- AyeT craArrg oTpuqaHl{ff cMepTrI, ollbrr}ilI Irp(]-
It00TIl). oAorerL oe peaJrbHocTr,. 14 ua(oEcu, fiari r npr ra-
ijauernu, oAflaIio. ,rro ,To cocrorHlre - pc- letrrrtl c BbrcoTbl, ceroAHfl Hama qIrBII,'rII3aUlIfi Ha-
:ry.;rbTaT ncrlxoTepannrI. oIIil cnopee BHyIxeEHoo, cro"'rbrio trprl6.rluarrJ]acl n r(paro npotracrr, rrril
Herfie.rlu 0cTecTBeHHoe. Itc;lb [o BHyrIIeHIl'I, Ao TpaH cqnnA eH q4E sB rfl el c8 ee e-l l l H cl 8efl H ol lJi r-
BMemaTe;IIJCTBa OltpylltalOq[I I4JIII IIeBO'rIbHOl't) rqurori or ru6erur [35],
Vorcriu npua;raaet ur6ar,tnrlcn. or crpaxa
clfeprrr c uoMolqblo rlo;lllrallllil. liro pu3brB
* J Ta c n o c o 6 u o c r r , , B o ir lo ir ir r o . Iu r r a \o .r r o Bo liy ' IBo p ltoJlocTr,ro colJraoyeTc'I c ]10:lllblllll pasHoBlrAHo-
Il oI . il. m o t i r ' r , n u p a 6 0 r a ;la cl o \o r r ) t) u o ,' lr r q u r t. I) a sIlo crnMrI IIHAyIIJMa rtlna airBaiirlt-se,qartror.O4urr
ti dt , t r' n| r ' r ' r i H r ' t l , ' . B ) tJr ' r r r r F. i r ,r r n Ji' l' n r it,lo lo lt r r '
JOBeli rrorficr B onf(',I{c,rlcutlblli clrTyaqutlli upeolo.tcBarb
rr;r JrrrAcpoBaroro ralpaaleltlta Pantrua NIaxap-
clpax t rep e A c M e p T b F . m (187C -19i 1) l .tri t.,nucusa;tcB ul l utrur npp-

85
o,IoJcErr'l cTpara [epel crr€pTbro:(fl cflIen oatrE EasbrBaeT IIOrpaHIIIIEbrIttr MoMeHTbI seIIocpe[cT-
B rioltEaTe Ha [epBO]I STarIieB AOMelrIOeIO[aArr. BeHHO yrpoShr ?I{II3HII, lioTOpr,re ar{TtrBxSIrpyIoT
fl pe,1xoiio.te.-r.rr B aror AeHb ,r ,tvscrsorar ce6q .rl|trHocTHOe Mb rJreHlle, ocao6omna.r efo oT uJe-
EOpUa.-ItHO. EO HeOlr{rrAaHHO
MHOn OBJaAeJT CTpaX JIyXrr r{oJrJIenTrrBEoIooltbrTa, EaBESaHHbrx Moae-
cu€prrr. (B Jro BpeMn Pauane Maxapnu 6uro ;rcii looegruun. Hax paa c arulr cen;au npyroi,i
16 .rer.- A. "/I.l Moe 3AopoBbeH0 rpostr".roMsc uurepecnr,rii Seuoueu - pc3rroe rr;rreueur{e ,r(rriJ-
lillrlcl\I. lI fl He trpo6oBar noEsrh nprrqr4uy aroro HeEEoro (peAo lrogeii, uo6unannltx B cocroglrtrtr
crpaxa. fl osylcrBoBaJr,qro fl yMpy, u Haqa.rr n;runuqccrioii cMepru r I{MeB[rrrx olrbrr (BaIIpc-
nyMarb, sro MEe ne,rrarb.fl ue 4yua;r o ror{, trro AeJlrrHorocyrqecrBoBaHuff) (6o;ree rrrupono aror
lromno o6parlrrscff K Aonropy, Ii craprxr4M urn H rJtrbrrocBeqaercfl a c,relyroqeii r.raee).
IpyarflM. .fl uyncraona;r, qro Ao.r?(er caM crrpa- flor .rro paccraauBaer o,EEaMoro[afl ]fienul]r-
aurLca c aroii olryaqueii u calr aaiiru orter, Ea, rronaBlxafl B Tfl)I{eneiiuryrc agtoMo6n;r[uvxr
oaM EaiiTtr perneHne aroft curyaquu, Ee or(Jra- aaapuro (ee Mouo.lor tIpLBoAflT B cBoerr riutrrc
guaax. Crpax cMeprrr o6paruJr Moit yM B rJry6nuy aMepur{aEcriueuccJrenoBareruCrarucras rr Iip[-
rreEfl caMoro. I4 n cnaaan, o6paqaxct fi caMoMv cruua f po{):
ce6e npaHrurecxu 6er clrog: <Bor nprur.ra clrepri. ({Ja Te HecHoJbr{oceliyHA, loria uoii agro;rru-
I{ro oro asaqur? Yro asaqur yueperr,? Vr'lupaer 6unt 6xn B ABI)r(eHIrrr, .a rlcnuTaira oqyuleurrr,
re.,ro. Ho trBrrfle.tcfl,Jru Moe reJro trson? Oso 6es- I{oropbre, r{aBaJocr,r oxBarItJIlt nena. Heo6r,rqaii-
IfoJIBIro tr uHeprHo, -fl xe uyncrryro BcIo ctrJry urrii yxac u Bcetror.rrorqatorquii crpax 3a cBoro
Moeii illtgnocrlr. A ratxe rolog <.fl,1Bo MEc ca- xnans 6rrcrpo c eErr"'rncl,gcEbrrr co3EaHLreMTo-
l\IoM, I{oropoe or.rrrrqno or sero. TaHlrlt o6paaou, ro, rrro rr ylrpy. Itari cro Hr4 crpaHno, oAEoBpc-
g flBJlgloct, AyxoM, Horoprifi 6o,nture, veu re",ro. iteHEo Irprrm.ro ranoe rly6onoe orlytqeErre rloKol
Te,lo lllupaer. uo gyx. rroropuii BbrruereJra, se n Mtrpar l{a(oro fl HuxorAa paElue qe ucllbrTbr-
lroxer 6r,rrr rpouyr cMeprr,ro. 3ro atauur, vro ua:ra. ltaaaroct, s nepeMerqaract c uepurpepurr
<fl> ecrr, 6eccuepruufi Ayx). 3ro 6u.:ro ue rpo- cBoelo cyulecTBa* TeIa. 3aHrIOqaBUerOMeEff-
cro MbrcJbro.cro 6u.no orltpbrrleM. roropoe x.lru- B caMbrfrqeHTp uoero <fl, Mecro EeBo3MvruMoro
HyJro B tIeHtJ fiali }fitrBaff I4CTrrEarU XOTOpOe cnorioiicrsl,tq r orloxuoBeHrrg... Bpeun iran 6ur
Bocnpr{HsJrEenocpeAcrBeEEo.6er paautru;reuux. 'I ucqeBJro;a na6"rm4a;ra cBolo co6crnenqvro xtlr3Hrr:
<fl 6ruo qeM-ro peaJrbElrrr,egnucrnenaoii pe- oEa npoxoArrra uepeAo MEot, I{aK Str.]IbM, oqeEr,
a,rsuoit eeulsro B 3Tov cocroanow. 14 scs cotEa- 6ucrpo, uo ropa;rrreJrr,Hologpo6uo. flocrzrnyl
TEJII,HAg [EflTEJIBEOCTII, CBgSAIIHAfi C TIOtrM TE- rpaEtrrtrBr cr{eprrr, E riari 6lr onaga;lach nepoi{
oM,6lrna cBraasa c arulr <.fi>. C aroro l.roveura fi poJpaqB brMJaH aB oc{ JM.,' { srrxyrnaa cr.ta ooH Ta
<fl> npuuexalo lt ce6e Moe tsEuMaEueLI craJro BneIiJIa MeIrE qepea 3anaBec - a 6u.;ra ace eqc
o6GeI{ToM Monx EetrpepErBar,rx paalrurulenut, a6co,noruo cnoHoi.iua,- tr BApyr l ocoaHa,la,qro
Moero rocroEEEoro y[rrBJreHrrfl. Crpax cueprn aro Ee fioHer1 a, cliopee, nepexoA. Onucarr uolr
ucqea paa rr HaBcerAa.(fl) nor;rorlr.'rosce Moe AaJlbHer{rxI{eolllyx{eHllfl n Mofy ToJEr{o cJleEylo-
BEEMaHTIe,Bcrr trorr mzaq6 6 ".ta retreph IIocBl- Irlnu o6paaort: Bce qacrtr Moero cyrqecrBa. tIeM
rlcEa rroMy <fl [361. 6sr s s rot MoMear Htl 6tr,ra. ouyrqa,rn xonrn-
"
Terr, nouy Jreur,BaHnMarrrcrr MeAnraqueii a-nt flyyM 3a TeM. 'JTOg paHbtUe cqlilTarracMepTbrn.
Pauaxa Maxapuu, $pauqyscnlrii Bpaq tr trlt- /l rryB cTB oB ara. qTo ctrJta,saopaB JIIaE ruasesfi ri
carenb AHApa Proaruas per{oMeHnyer6olee npo- cMepru. a rroron 3a ee npeferu, 6yAer Be.rno
croir pelenr - 6erarr rpycuoir no t,ral6nruy A,'rn BecTtrMeHr e 6ecriuueuuyro4a.ts.
npenenrurnoii aAanrarlr4rr.IIo elo ltueeulo, nrcgu liar pas n 3ror MoMeEr Mofr agroMo6u.[6 ane-
B Harxe BpeMlr rre roJrht{o 6orrcl cuepru, uo tr JaJrctIB rpy3oBux. liorAa on ocrauoau.rca, a br-
I t e xo rt{T o neii at lt ar u . l i o .re e tu l o . Pto l .r,ra n JlEAe.rracbBor{pyr rr noHfl"rra.rrTo ItaKuM_TOrrvtroll
TBepAo rrro Mrrorne ra HrIr AaBIro v)fic ocraJracb xusa. lloroM trpoltJotx,,rone.,to noo,,-
-v6e;riAeH.
Ne p rBb l . ,, llN c , lc . loB a J o6 u p a c n o p tp n rs c ,l . u ro - Jr,rreJ'r6floe: cx,qE B rpyqe pa;rJuroro uera.r;ta. t,
obr rlx 3aua.rrt.lalrrrpoEaJu n B TaI{OMBIAC OCTa_ trovyBcraosa,td.
'rro rpaHlqbr Moeit JrugEucru lc_
BrrJru clrA0Trr rropof JripaI1o TeJreBtr3Opa,-Tali rleSaloT, rr HalllrHarocJtlraaTlctrco Bce]r o Dv;ria_
rrro, n0rAa oHu r Blrprrtrrrrrcnycr'lT u<tc"'reAgnii ro[IxM - c'I rtoltrr
c r;rrl.lt{. o6,rouxarrrr ]t.iLrI||1,t.
Uei.i
BJ,{ox,aroro Enriro ne raxernr> [37]. Ilpo4o,,rrraa paoos[Mu c JI0MaMII, trbrTaloIqtrMuca ]tLrHrr ocBo_
B llyxe PnBJrJIasa. Mo;riHo cria3arl, rrro ortrx Jrrc- 6ognrr, uarnnuoii <cropoii nouorqnD. ttBeralru Ea
Ieii cuoco6xa paa6ygtrl ro..rlno cveprr. I4.ltr.no coceAHeii xlylr5e, retrepenoprepillrjr. Iiarnll-ro
r ipi i i rEe i i M ep( . .c oc r uf lH r. c trrp T c .rr,H ,.riorn a c u u . oopa3oM tr BtrAeJraII qyBcTBoBa.-ra cBotr paELI. EO
C TII . xa3aJlocb, qTo oEtr se uMeroT lio Mne fiIIHaI{or0
R trcu r o. ' r or lI Rc y n( .c rB\1 ,T rr(l l rrrrro (rro t.l i l - orrrorrolrrrtr- oun 6u;rn ..rrlrL rrircrr,lo 6brcrp(,
Hllq H Orrclr T I ' aq[ t r ) - c uly a q u l l . B l i rrT o p o trp o . i r) pacffrrpflBrtexc,l clrcrc]rbr. nri.rro,raBrrlciiI co6fl
o0ocrpflor0fl callooco3uauuerlliluocrrr. Ii. flcrrcpc r-opal,qr.t 6o.tlutc, qcM uoo rc,'ro, Co"[le.rgrrii cger

86
6Hn Heo6brfinoseEHo lrpxrltl n SoJlorbtrl, Iia3a- I4rax, 6orrurnrcrao ns no6ngastrrux (tro ry
"IocLJ
rITo l'I B€CI' Mtrp ClIaeT trpe(pa0EbllI CBeToM cropouy 6nrua>: a) lepecraror 6orrlcn cltepru;
fl ouryutarta crlacrbe It 6btorqyto 'lepcJ Kpaii pa- ii) upouaao;1ar nepeoqeHri]' ocr{oBHbrxtrpeAcraB-
A o crb. se cMo rpn sd Ap alt ar lt J lr o6c r aEoBr i . ll J l, ' reuuii; r) IraMeu.rrroro6paa xiuaau,
cOCTOtrHIteCOXpaEUJIOCIT B TC{eUIIe HeCIiO'rrLIiIIX llepcxlroaurrn, rrcrrbrranubreBo Bpenfl K,,IIIEIr-
II cBtlsall- ,i l cl ui i cl tcprrr. c ro' rfi rt Jpcui rrr Jl i crpcMa,Ibfl oi i
lueii B 6oJLH[r]e. 3To npollcllecrBlle
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po? o ssp e t Lue( ny pc lr n u o i i .-1 . 1 .) u l o rrl t[e tt HolrnerJcaropHr,rn rrBJerllrrtrr.Do.'rccu0gpo6no lrrr
cyqecrBoBalrult. Panr,rue x rre ocooenuo lrntepe- rroroBopllMtr6 lr,,rt g t;raec oi+i irut lIUcJleCMCp-
coBa"lachBollpocaMrrayxa u cqllTaira, qro )rllrslll TIT).
3aliJrroqesaMeEAy poliaeHllert u oMepTb[o.MbIcr'rL Cpe4r gpyrur acrrenToBBoctrplttrux cMeprII
0 cMopr[ BceIAa rrlcHn l]yrara. fl aep[na, qTo cJrelyeT oTMcTlrTr,u Tafioii; cBrAereJn cllepreJlb-
( [tbr trpoxoAr{M [o cqeuc iRtrsHlr "]ulxb oAHa]fi- rrhrx trpotrctuecrBrri.irauacryto 6brBaror tlorpltcesbt
ar,r), a troTon - Hrrqero. Ilouyrao MeHE MyrII4.{ lopaaqo 6o"'rlrue, qctrr rer firo tro4Beprcn c]Iep-
CTpax' 'ITO Ee yctrCrOOCytrIecTBIITL B ?I{UAEIIBCe' rerrRoii onacnocrrr (ec.rrr lHcprBa Ee [o.'I],1ttJla
rrero xoqy,'I Tenepl n coBepl elrHo flo-Apyrorly ccprresllbl,\dru;rl.ecnrrx IIoBpe?HI0ulrii) .
fipe[craBJltrro]rIIp r1 Moe Mecro B ueM. Moe cauo-
oulyqesoe upeBocxo4nTtrpeacraBJleHtleo (bn3ll-
qecHoMTeJIe,OrpaHIrqeEHoM paM(aMtr BpeMeEIIrl
trpocTpaEcrBa. fl anaro, vro fi qac/}b orpoMEor0 ...CTOqRII 3PEHII'I OOH.
6erloartuqsoro rBoDeHut, Koropoe Mo)nHoHa3Barlr
6omecreerusrur [38] .
@panqya 3l{epap IIIypanr, noropblii nepex(u.-r Orgel crarucrnntr OpraHrraaqnu O6'segnneu-
otrbrT (trorpaEIltIEoro cyqecrBoEaEnflD (OE TOII{e arrx Haqnii lpe[naraer raKoe orpeAeJreHue:
rronan g asroMo6lrJlbHyroaBaprro), foBopET: (fl (CMeprL- 3To troilHoe rlpeKpauleErreBoex r$ra-
6r,r, noneuno, Ee xoreJr rorga-nu6ygs cnoBa trepe- sesEbrx ifyHltquii oprannaua>.Hyxno, ognaxo,
uecrtr ranyn (fnanvecnyro 6orr,. Ho ceiiqac y Me- orMarnr;, vro :ry {opuyry OOH nourrr goc.'rou-
rr'l yx(e Hel crpaxa nepeA cMeprhlo. AJrfl MeEff SO tr03AUMCTBOBA.TIA I,I3 bPIITAEOI{OI1 CHI.(ITKJIOIIE.
cllepTb - 3To TOXte){tn3EI" ToJILKOB ApyrOM MeC- 4uu (raa4anne1986 r.), rAe cMeprb otrpegeJrxerctl
To.., HorAa-To s roEfiJcfl 3a BpeMeEeMlTaI| crpe- KaIi ([O.'IgOe trpeKpaqeEue ? llsHeHH],IXllpoqec-
ntt;Icfi Ee orcrarl or xngnr. Caua tliltggr' Kaaa- cots).
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uena tryAa BaiKEee BEyrpeHHfifl IIeEHocrb ...C TOqITI! SPEHII'I SCTETN}|II.
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npaBr{Jro,yMnporBopflrouee BosAeiicrBue.((MHo- tsaHtlI cMSpTtrIOBOpttTI{HOI'IIo ApeBHIIe [UCLIrteH-
|IIC l'OB0ptrtn MEe. qTo IIOCJ'IeTOIO' rITO IlpOu3O- Ebre ucrorrEufttr, tr cpeAlt sux <Eecega paaouapo-
lrrJro, oEtr tlyBcTByIoT, tlTo rlx ?r{u3Hb cTa.la rnyo- BaHHoroco cBoItMAyxoM) - et trlcrctttlii Dautrpyc,
rrie tr coAepxarenBuee, TaI{ nan 6;rarogapa arolly EatrIIcaEHr,rii oKo.r10qerblpex T6lcEq Jrer Ea3aA.
otrbrry ou[ craJrlr ropaal{o 6o.trr,rue uurepecosatb- 3ro ropaaute.rrrratr llctroBeAr, ycraBltreto Ir or{a-
c'l d)yHAaveHrarluuuu tfu.,rooodcrilrMlr trpo6ne- flBrrreroc'rqe.[oBeHa,IBrTaIOIqerocsIIoSTnrIecNurIlI
vau u , r[ 3 9 1 . o6paaauu y6eglrrr ce6n s 6.[arocr[ c]Iepru-yre-
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(JTJIIIqA.TIIICb IIII'PORTIM I{PYIO3OPOM'- TOBOP[IT <Cuoprr cronr trepe4o MBoft ceroAsn noAo6Ho
o4ua ua o6cregoaanusrx Moyglr (BoBBpaIqeEI{eB c BbrBAopoBJreIrqro, no4o6uo euxoqy toc.'re 6o;reaurr.
roro cBerat,- 14 s 6rtsr lafiIIM x{e, kalt Bce. Ho Cueprr, cronr repego nnoii celoAln nolo6uo
rIoA HaBecoll
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69
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rrpoca. Beqr, (ec.nIr cMeprb ecrl.rrlnJlr, no3Aaeii- AOBaEIrf. ,JaMaEiInBo, rranptrMep, B3flTI) rr r.rcc.re-
llee uplro6pereulre ?+irrBr,rx cyqecrB, To B.rrerreunf AOBaTBOpraErr3Mqe,rloDeria trpeiriAeBcero liari xfi-
Ii clrepTrrJrioTopr'reSocroAsT ri caMoMy HaqaJIy MEqecKufi peaKTop.AE uer. flaxe c aroir To.rrirr
inrrgurrtra 3elt"re. orsrr, ocrarcTcfl 6ea sr[]tnaqnfl. 3pest.E Mr,I cToJrrtHet{cac rrHo1I{ecTBoM Bellerr.
N{golori.reto,tnr,re rroryr yMrrparl or nnyrpenneii neo6:sgcsElrlrx a tra6paunoii crrcreMe orcrtera.
JrpttqrrH6r,or rrelocrarrioB 06MeHa BeIIIecrB; AiItr cl l arreu, 3E aMorrII1r,lri ir]rMULroc ri ni i MatTH rr;' -
Bonpoca, noropr,rii rrac rrrrrepecyer, DTo ne rMecr o6parnlmre peafi{rru. orlipbrrr,re li c.rroy c onr,rrr
SHarreH]I.9,). ?I{a6orzscrurM. Ecru ouu Bo3Mo}xHbr,uoqe}rv
B or;ru.rlre or (DpeiiAa trpntrrruHocrr, cueprrr H eB 03Mol {E a (06parFafl D pa6ora xl ufl ,t0cti or(l
tlHTepecycr trac 6esorRocuteJIbHo ri reopn'Irt peaRTopatro rMeEtr (.reroBeK))l'
clreirinlni c 6xoJortreii Aucqutrirlls. Ho ae qeraeu Conpeuenuufi EeMeqxtrii {n,rocor{r 3. Xune.,l,
.'trr ult oruu6xn, Irbrra.Ec6 pagJro?I{trTLIIoHtrTtre no troBoAy orpaEtrrreEEocruo[EoypoBuero, ollso-
(cueprr,) no uo:ro.r(aM?Bo npevena aETrrqxocra cropouHero 6uo$llauuecroro Iro3HaHls Ealrero
II B cpeAnue Beria co3rrarue y.reuoro (u yx relr 6r,rtzn nuuret: (?I{uaH6 qa BeMJrorr Bce rrrr{Boe
6oree o6rrqnoro rreroBelia) He 66uo croJrr, Etrc- rIpIrMetlareJrLH6I cnoco6gocrrn K paBMEox(eErrxt.
ripcrEo. liari B narrle BpeMF, Oveargro. cy:nlta SaBopa)ft[Balolq[M oriagbrcaercfi to o6cronre;rr,-
3uaHuii, HaHotrJcHEasqeroBeqecrBoM,croJrl Be- CTBO,qTO trprr TaIioM paSMHo'fienul,l otrpeAeJleH-
.tuxa. qro Ec IIoJBO.'IEerHaM trMerb traEopaMEbri Hyn ponb B tApe RJTeTKrI IIparoT xrrMllrrecxl,leMo-
B3rrtA sa 6uure, paaolr oxBarr,IBaflBce ero Boa- irexyJrbr II uro 3Ta po.lb lloxer 6r,rrr BbIEcEeHa.
MOifiEhIe MOAe.r'IIt,IIoATBepII{AeEIIbleTeOpeTLIqeC- B arolt cocroqHrrrr 3aBopotr{eEHoctnaa6rraaror,
I{IIM tr IpaIiTUtIeCftIrM OrrbrToMquBlr"rru3ar{rru. qro ucc,.reAyeMbrexrrMtrrrecxue
{Ht(-<riupunuu-
<Crequarucr nogo6eu {lrocy: ronnora ero ril|') EtrHotrM o6paaoll ue flBJflmrcF BceM TeDt,qro
oAuocropoEHrr), - eAfio aaMerr.rJr lto:rua Ilpyrxor o6pasyer x{uroii oprauuau: xapa}irep perrJrtIria-
crqe B nporxiroM aerie. A llaser O.ropeucHnfi, quu {HFt B trpoqeccaxpasMrox{eEtrsu pocra op-
oAnfi rr3 rysrrlux yuon Poccuu XX ncna, uero- rasIIaMoB saancnr or naauuogei.icrauaaroit AHI{
llyrl Ha paqIorraJlrfcToB, Bo3BeArxrrxB riarroH ctre- c 6ec.rrc,'re rBblr{rI .lpyt'oMn $arrropauu u cocraB-
tUIaJn3ilrlrlo rro3Ealrtr. B Harraire 1920-x rogon HbrMI{ qacTEMIt B rr[pe I{JreTr{I{;flApo x{e, B cBoro
nnca"r: <<llo rleAL DTo ouu paagpo6urn nclrryro oqepeAb,cocrolrr no naaultogciicrarrrrc ol(pyBaro-
nleii ero cpegoii rnernlr, Ea fioropyro B.rrrrflror
Apyrrre KJreTr{r{,Tr{anu u l{oTopafi caMa, onETb rlie,
* CoBpenerrblii (rpauqyacHuii sronor A;rl6ep ?{anap. oxaSHBaeTEa Errx BJr[tEI{e; tr 3TII qacTtr opfa-
nepeAEAbrBaErrocTsri el oaRTeptrii fi qeiroBeriy. oTnleqa- flE3Ma EaXOATTTCfl BO B3aITMOCBESII C UeJI6TIItr tra-
er, qfo crteprl - orltoctrTe.rrbEoEeAaBEeenao6pereEqe
nptrpoArr, _rro-sBnBDeecfiriarr creActBse 6opr6rr lporun... xe c oHpyxianqeit ero cpeAoft u unoroo6paeulr-
cMepTE. (ba1{IepllE IIe !IO]I{eT AEaT6, qto TafiOe CIIepTIJ, Nru BJrtrflEl{flMrr,npuqeM He ronbfio DeqecrBeEIIoii
neA6 oIIa npocro lc: ircfl Ha ,IlBe.qerblpn qactx. C eptb nprposhrD[46].
I.rIE Eee Ee CyqcclRyer. lloEETEe (cnepTrr) lrorBuJrocr Iio cyru ge;ra, npo6;reua trpuqnunocrtl cMep-
Torla, (orAa ABoc coeltrlrrirscr, qro66r npouaBecrtr tra
cBer .rpetbero. floroMy 'rro eror rperrii-oro !r Ee trep-
rr{ cBo[trrcn ri Botrpocy, xoropuii uyuul Opei.iga:
B6rii, Ir Ee BTopoii, Ee ror r llc lpyroii. 3To troBoe cy- fiBJIEeTCffnn CMepTI' OpIaHIt3Ita 3anpo-
rqecrBo, i\{br ce6e nogBor'IeM pocfiomr, Aejrarr, qro-To !o- rpauuupoaannoii B renax 'IttrBOrOn.rrrr aro pe3yirrrrar
Boe. A torAa AcJaeIlIL qro ro noBoe! [aAo ocEoSon{.qarb
qo-
;IJE Eero rlecro. I{Ta{. c eprr, -- peByJILTarrra,rruqEF
,toe. or]'raprcs trapa[olic: por$as Aerc6. MU crpelrEvcfi * (DusnrusN - npcActaB.lcdrrc. qro 6r,rrqe rro;rino
riopoTrrcq co crrepTbror a BeAL noTorry, qTo ttu pomaetr otrscalL c noMoqLl] riogeqEoto rtllc,qa IILrpaSJo;tiu\rrrlt(
Acroii. 116lre!a6e',*tEo cMep4E6r), naJ'leeaJlelIeEToB.

90
cr)ofl, orrlnrloti B AeflTc,TrrEocTn opfnrl]3j\tn. nDrIBo- ...C TOIIHII 3PNHIIfl OIISNHII.
lltlllII-\ liJteTlitl ri CTilpor i) I1 ftr6oJrr]) llit )TiiT
I]()llpoc IIbIIICItInCC OCTCCTBO3IIAITItC. IiA?IiCTCt.IIa-
rrrJroorBcr. Alrepulraucnrrii 6no.rrorJleonapg Xaii- Co6crrenno ronopt. cBorrr{ cvITIecrBoBaIIIIcM
q).'IIrK OOUapyfi{I{ Jr npcAe"'r AcJeulrn rre"'roBerrec Rrrx rle.rortoriHAr.rrorr /leIo[cTpilTnBflo lrapyrxaeT BTo-
ri,IeroK-50 (n"rroc-unuyc 10) pa:. Iloc.'re41,1s- pol 3aKorr reptroArrHalrrrrirr.
Cor.'ractroarol\IV 3a-
trqan tn6e.ll nnetttu uerra6exla. Ha Harine 6br h' ol \' . tsce
{u:rrl ractrrc npr,t{ eccbra ri oH eqgorl
\'\rrlllpeur'rI Ml,r Etl rrru. l{.rert1, 1rq111gg 3n116ta- IITore FarrpaBJcnbrB cr()porr]. aurpolnn (replto_
jrItrL . c tar c M B ept ly TLR o ri r,t,tg n oc o c tn l tte - tt
Ilrualrrqecxoro panrrolecrra). a BeArroprauurlec-
orla ToirHo (npnIIoMH[T). CtiO.'tLIiO pa3 Ol]a r)He riafl xtrr3H6lo3nJui.ta lBlo
torrpcrir lsrponuiiuoii
. t e J'rIr.racA b.. r er t c eiiO . r n tu rrri o Btr.] 1 4 fl c rl r\T a \[- HaIpi]B,i0Hfl(rCTItIl nir.
un.recxoii rpuauxlr PAH orripbr.l u (crrerrrrrri)rt.[e- fl olpu,i; cu HrIri !t BbtItJttorlIITIr
TogHoro jlc.'reunfl- fipxrrrrHy crapeflt{r u tl6e.rrlr rilgoByro rope.IriJ.. " c , , ,rfepe:l
, , , r , r , 'r , , t A l
arrrroe rio.ruqecrBo BDe_
ri,ireTKn. Uria36rBaerct, npn RaiftAoM yABocIIrr I I o t t t I r {'l n o p i t T y p i t D 'r . 1 t Jt ! , r a i i r r r r l n c p a s R e r c f l c
(pa:uuo?flcHrrI,t) ]iJrerrirr ]ro.teriyJrrrlHIi crano_ rourrcparS poi ;i no,rr).srr* . Jl o rr ei rl rpy6l n
nflrcE rryr6 nopoue. Itorga ylioporreltlrc Aoxogrrr lto;1e.rtb
lerrcrBrrr f,rrrponrrrr. Ecnn Rer eueprerrr-
;'10 rerra, KOAr{pyroqero )I{nsHerrHo Ba?rilryro nH_ ' recH uril l oA tIl rrti tLLrttue. , rro," i oc
rftopuaqnnr.ri.qerxa roru6aer. llpoqeccy yrioporrc- ro (larepufl) 4rrrn,recnoere_
crpeMrrrcE lpui,irn a paBuoBecrrec
rlIrlr, rra3narrrloMyO.longrriosbrM lrapIrrrroronr,reii. oripyrliarcqeii cpegoii,
lpn6"lnlrirhcfi r{ !rafictt-
r''renrrii l(aor cJ]cAyrrrle0 o6r,Rcnonlre: u/lnrep_ Ira.rILHoxaorlrqecnoMy
cocroltlrrrro.B lrou cunc:re
rrrorcir1enr, IJH[t crpour, rtepeMenlaflcr,llo Mar- r1e.rr 6r,rrna ItaTeprrIl-f,rrcpfrrrr-]raricIrMan6Eo
puvroii qetu, rfepuenr IFI l{-no;ruuepata. Vana- paBHoMcpHoe(r B Tclr,'rouorr,rr B
I{)qur{ E fiaraJrnTnsecl{I'ftqeHTpbry Hero npocr- AllrraMnqecftott
cvbrc.r,e,paccpel oro,tnH l tns l pncrpl -rFcrR o.N B or
pancrBearro pa3Ae.JreEbl. Fiorga nepnnrl - fiaft .no- B JTorr crpol rH or .l ol t.l pcl i ni i cxe\r0. ,.K aK
E eS a_
riollorrrB - XoxoAlrr Ao I{oErIa Marpnrlbr, BTopoft _ IioEHafl r{o}teTaB ripyry pacrrrrcJeHHbrx
, cBeTtrJI)1
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]IitrSlrb. CT0eMff-
AOBOirr,HoAa"rrefto rr r{oEeq qenII Ee r{otrI{p}'eT. l uascs apoTIl B OC TonTb JnTponl r. cn3A fl roul anag_
A ecxrr yaHarotrInii qeETp EaraoArrTcflc3aAu, ro TrfJH Tpontri i H yto tuo.1e. rl ,i urrrrn.
un JToir lr{p flpflqDEe Ee cfiooEp]ercfl Eaqalo uc- Bnyrpn re"roaeuecfioro opranrralra (Hax z y
nlt. ItoT ll.Tl.tEatrop3[a - paccTotEue Me]fiEyqeET_ Bcex
Apyrux BUAoBopraH[rrecrioii uarepuz) ecrt
partx - rI ollpeAeJIfleT, sacHo,'lBIto I{onIIpyeTcI cBoero poAa (raSoBarrropc.Iria), paccrrlTaEHaEEa
AoqepErt qens. fipyroft nyrt ynopo.lenur [Hf{ orlpege.reHErrricporr paSoru. ]Iinaoii oprauaau _
cRfl3aE C TeMrqTO CtrHTe3I{OnItUHaqnsaeTcfl c ytrops4otreuHaflcrpyrirvpa, c lollorqr,n uera6o_
iarpaBrirr - ne6o,'rr,uroro yuacrra PH[1. Iloc.ue rnsua (o6uena rerqccrr)
uportrBocronqafl nepe-
cItHTe3a3aTpaBr{ayAa.rfleTctr,rI RoI]Iln orta3brBa- lioAy B paBHoBec-rre c olipyx{arorqeri cpe4oii. Bnpo_
crcfl rfopo\c lrarpuqsr,r[ 47]. qeM, erqe n {955 rogy Spnnu Illpeguurep aospa-
A,rrr rex, riro Ee rlo6trT BEITHaTB B (TefHItrIe- x{an trporlrB lrprrMrITI{BHoro tpaxtonaunn lleta6o_
ctine> noqpo6uocrtr, criai{y npoqe: Eaqa"rrhRaff JIIsMA fiAH OCEOBbI
[,]raxa u ynopoqeErrc loea,qa (lro;reny.rr /lHH) n <...flpe4crarlrerc.a 'fiII3EII. Ee.xerocrrrro, - nrlcajToH.-
fipoqecce ARrrfieErrrl (xuanlr) aanporparlrMrrpoBa- qto6rr r.ranngu 6rrr rrrrew rroo6l rerl
eeqecrg, JIrc-
srt*. 3a.relr rr nen? Boron? llplrpogofi? Flciecr- 6oii arou aaora, rirrcJropoAa,ceprrr rr r. rI. Tari ?tie
nenar,rlr or6opolr? 3;1ecr llrr ynnpaerrcfl B caMyrl xopou, IiaH arolr roro rr{e s,rreMeE-
iio.rsa yro npor i. r c lr y c oB p e u e EE o i i trp a KT n ttttq c - ra. I{ro xe ",rrc6oii 4pyroii
Aocrrlraercff ux o6uenolr? Ogno npe-
c.rlegoBaulq 6r,rrtrrr - npo6,,reuy coB]rerqeulrr pe- Mt Farl o :rrc6onrrrcreo yaon,rcreopn,rngu11gep-
. t ltt'l to 3 sor o ( r r r r c r r r , r oc ri o rorr
) u a y ' ru o ro . p a q 7 .t- lttAerl,relr.qro nbr rr[Taeuca
eueprueii. B pecro-
H a,rh Eo rolo3E aB I |r r lr p a * x . trIl te u n o 3 [e c L c x o - panax aer{oropblxcrpau 86r uor;tn 6rr
naitru riap-
Arrrcr r{ pacxoAnrcfl TorrfiE apeHr{fl Fa rpenoven Toqltu-MeEro,yKa3brBaIoqneqeny nax,qoro 6.nroga
cueprtr rl Bo3Molnur,rerrole.rrl earpo6noro cyqe- I{ conep?(aHneB EeM aueprnr{ (xa.rroptrii).Hevero
CTBO BAEI I g . rr roBopnrlr, qro aro He"rrerocrl. 116ono a3pocJloM
opraHrr3MecoAeprfiaElre srleprl{tLt.iiti ;iie nocToflH_
H o. ri aK rr conep?+ i aE l re l taTep . T;;ri ti ;Il tI A a,10-
* EADEcrDcEItoe trcRJtnqeEtic- IrrJroBHeIirorlitr qc- pIIIJ KOHerrHO, uMeeT Ty u{e r{en1r.]cTrJ. rrTo n JI()-
noBer{a,B rioropbtx,4HR Rouspycr ojtHocrbmBc() Ma1.-
prrqy (ga cqer llByx fiala.rrllT{qeclifi\ r{eETpoB), 6raro
1rapfiqe y arr'rr,'rerr{E6cccMeprE6t. , ITpe,!no,-rotinl!. rITo \'In na nrnriJloqrnt
laBoB\rK)
** C rr., HrEp uMe p.cra r s u B. ' lpoc r x ux oBa ( llay qr ir l
ropcJrHy tr Bcc paBH4 r, n ,..ri tl,.r 80-16I(npD .10ny_
,rlI _navqflarr]iaprtrHa ]rupal.) (HoBUii rrup. 1989.J\t t2) qpgllx roro. qro oHa En lr(naIFerca) s lrrnrc cpaasr_
u_4. ||apEIs-Hal-!ge pql o ,.sayqEoii NrprlEe $ pJ' ITca c rennpparypoii Bor.t)\u. Jto !pos3oitlpr, tiorAa
(Bpcrsnn PXA. 1990.N 2). rioEqrrrctrra3, !oAaBaerr6riilo rpy6ax B rranry riBaprnpy.

91
6ax gpyran, tro3roMy rreJIb3EtroHtrt', qeMy MoHer cR rro qacrflr{. ([t eonpocy o roM, r{ro.3a.xo*rnir
nolrovs npocroir 06[Iefl FaJopltirt. B Hac 3ry nporpalrlr),. M6r elqe BepHerrca.)Panr-
9ro xte rorga cocraBJr.aerAparoIIeRHoeHeqro, rre yqeH hte c9IITa,[Ir. i IT0 Ii JeTIi II .Iei l oB el i a tl oryT
coAepx(arqeecFs Haueu r[qe, qro npeAoxpaEEer lleJlrrl,cfi 6ecqrrcleturoerioJlrrqecrBopar, Ho Jleo-
uac or cltepru? Ha gro.rerno orBerI{TrJ cqllTaer napA Xaiiqlru( o6rrapyxrrr rreqairr,roo AJrfl Hac
Illpegunrep. <Iiaxguii npoqecc, lB.rreEIIe,co6r,t- ri utl ecrB o ri .rerori- npere.' t rx .ur' .tcuttr. Taruu
rr,re (xaaonnre ero, ltatt xotnte), xopoqe roBopt, o6pasou, trogrBepArr"'racb5recrlrlan ;loragxa
Bce, sro trpolrcro;1urn Ilpupoge, o3uaqaer yBeiru- Illpegunlepa o cxoncrBe Mer+igyqacoBriu Mexa-
qeHI,reaurponrrfi n roii qactu Bce:reuuoi.i,rge aro rll3Molr u opraurr3MoM.Sro cxogcrro, rro c.[oBaM
trrMeerMecro. Tari lt rxuroii opranu3M lretrpepblB- rprr3rrfia, npocTo rr ucriJIroqllTeJLIro cBOjllrTcfi ri
HO yBeJrItrIIrBaeT CUOrO3nTpOUrIIOJrIJrIr' rrIraqC. TOMy, rITO B OCIIOBetrOCJIeAUeIO JreH{XTTBepAOe
rlpotr3BoAuT noJroxtrlTe,'rbllylo anTpotrrlo rr, TaKIrlr TC Jr0 - aueprrul l ,recr ri i N ptrcrc.rr.J.' i 6pJyroul ui .i
o6paaolr, uplt6;ruxraerca fi otracuolry cocroflHrlK) fiacJre[cTBcrrsoe Bell\eclBo, rre lIo.rIBep?rieHHoe
Maricl4rraJIbHolr3IrTporrlru, npeAcraBrqroqeMy co- loageftcrnltn 6ecnoprgounoro reIrJroBoroABrr]Ke-
6oii cueprr,. Orr uoxer ua6exarr JToro cocrotr- nutt.
HItr, TO eCTn OCTaBaTECfl E{r{Bbrrt, TO,'r6IiOtrOClO- <I{o, loxra,uyiicra, H€ craBLT€ nlre B Brray,-
suso rr3B,'rcNafl u.l oripyntanueit ero cpeA6Iorptr- IiofterJIIrBootrpaBAhrBaercflIIIpeguurep,-vro n
r{aTeJr6nyro 3uTpotrum, fioTopat IlpeAcTaBJr.seT 6yATo 6br Eaar,rnat<t xpolrocoMur,reuuru <ay6qauu
co6oii Re.rro Becr,rra uoiloxtlITerr,Hoe, riaH Mbr ceii- opraua' recnoi i rrarttl rH r,rDro , xpai ruei i Irepe. H e
qac yB[ArrM. Orpuqare"tuan gnTponltn - 3To ro, gerafire rroro 6es ccsr"rHrrua re rry6osrre {n-
irerr opranIrau nttlaerctr- tr'llrr, uro6r,r Bbrpi]3nri, 3rrqecHrreTeoprrrr,Ila lioTop6rxocrroBarrocxoAcTBo.
3TO rteEee napaAoKcaJrbrro, cynleclBeHlro B rreTa- florolry .rro geiicrnrrre;rruo ue Hyir{Ho 6onr,ruoro
6o,nusuero, rrro opraHtraMyygaercn ocno6oxnarr,- xpacHopeqtl9,qto6r,r qauoMHutr, ocrroBHoepa3.[u-
cs or sceii roii aurpofiulr, r(oropyo oH BbIHy;{{AeIr rrtre tlerffAy Hllr{u u orlpaBAars gln 6lrolorutvec-
nponlBoAr{rB,uona ou xun> [48]. liofo c.rlyqafl gtrnrerr,r- uosLri'r tt 6ecupeqe4eur-
Paerscsss rrexaqn3M 3aAeprr{Krrnepe)ioAr rrr,rii.
i{{nBoro opraHlr3r{a It TepMoAlrHaMtrqecrioMypa8- Hau6oree flopa3r'ITe,rhrrhrrrrTp a3..rrqII g r{I,I gB-
HOBeCrrro (T. e. R cMepTIr), EeyriJllox{eeBr,rpaxie- JIsrorcfir Bo-nepBr,rx,csoeo6pasuoe pacnpeAeJe-
Hrre (orpr{rlareJrBnaqanTponns) Illpegrrrep aa- rrue <ay6qotl B uEorori.[eroquoM opraur{3Me rr.
rleHter BbrpailteHneM((3IlTponun,83nTaa c oTpu- Bo-Bropr,rxrro, rrro orAerbsnii ly6eq*rre rpj-
SHAXU\L,lrioTopafi lrecTb CA.UAnO Ce-
4ATer'IblrbL.tL 6oe qe,rose,recri oel r3A e. re. rrpeN pacH oi i rutti i
6e mepa ynopa0oLLennocruD. rle;ronevecnnii opra- ureAeBp, riorAa-.r1fi60coagaunuii lo ltlr",rocru I'oc-
EE3M Mo)fier npOTXBOCTOflTh CMepTU,nrrrXb trOA- noAueii riBaHroBoiilrexauuxu> [49].
[eptfinBaq ce6a ua gocraroqno Br,rconoMypoBHe
J-tropEAoqerrHocTlr. [;ra eroro erry uyFtuo rI3BJre-
ftarb ytroprnoqFHHocr6 rr3 olip)'x(alol4eii cpelH,
,qa6n riorrnencupoanrs rurporr'riiubre trpoueccbt, ...CTOTIfiII 3PEHIIf ITBAHTOBOffSTEXAHIII{II.
uaj rqtre B ri.rerl{ax. Bot noveuy xnaoir oprattnr,rr
EE IIO'I{CT NIITATI,Cfl XIIMITTIECRITIfU BETUECTBAMII B
rlepBo3naHrroMBrrAe,To ecT6 qaxoArrqnMucfi na Crepxreur r*aqrosoii Mexagrrir - l:TBeplr{Ae-
Eu3rior-rcraArru yrtopsAoqeunocrlr.IIau 4"rn nnra- nue, uro re6o'rHul{e Ko.rllrrrecrBaMureLrrrrrE arleD-
nux neo6xo4ut'roripaiiue xopouro ytrop.sAoqerruoe r'trlt o4rroBpeMcHHo o6.ra.Il rur cnoiicrui,\rn qacrir
cocrogsrre t\tareprrlrB 6olee r.lr Menee c.[o]I{Hbrr qH Boirrrbt tI coorBercrBeurro re4yr ce6n ro
opraHrtrlecfi rlx coeA[flefiIIgx. fiafi 'rqacrr.tqa (liopffyc(vna), ro naK soJrfla. IIe_
C,rregyrorqrrii norpoc, noropuii Mr,r 3aAaerrce- peBoAs aro B lrirocl{ocrr, 6r,110llHXcpaBHeE[ii
60. u cxo nr r r . rT poplur( o rp ra u a re ,rb H o tH
i i T p o n u I,t)r. aro nogo6rro rotuy, Iiari eclu firr
oJtlrn rr ror Trip
TarioB:rroqerry ?r{eMrJIBce-TaKrI yMIIpaeM, HecIfoT- qeroseli 6br,r rr rpe:lB It rrbrn ts o/{rru rr ror }r{e
pfi Ha To, rrTo rlo'I{eM oTJrtrqHoIITITaTLcg(opra- lroueur, Ilapagoxc, olrrafio, n rolr, .rro ua6:rxr-
xrrqecnoii )'lop.sAoqeunocrr,rol? Vlurparor 4axe qarr, o6a cocroqutls uarepuu (rueprrur) uayna
Itll"rlJruoHephr,(oTopr,re ltoryT rrot.lo laTr, (oTpI{- rre B cocrosnrll (na npocrrllclr rlre cror rreBoJll-
uareJlhHyruoHTpotrrrro)) ;tto6oro rraqecrna rr riolu- uuii xalau6yp) . Hauecroo, B noropotr upe6lraa_
qecTBa. er trBMepseMatrtrareprlq, aaB[crrr... ot rra6,lrona_
le",ro r roll, rrro rrporrrBocrorruuerl onTponrrlt rem (rouuee. or cnoco6a rr;l l reperrua).l l c.rn ul r
B HaUeII OpraEII3Me3aBenyeTCtreqr{a.rrbHafi trpo- nu6upaelr o4un cloco6, To rloJryqaercs, tITo uc-
rpa]iya. 3aJrox{eflgarr B Earx[x renax. Ilporpaulra nycriaeMbtii r{BaHTcBera ne4er ce6a fiari Bo",IEa,
ora paccqtrTaHaffa otrpeAeneEnbrftcpox pa6orlr, trprr ApyfoM - nepeA HaMrr {acTrrqa,
noc"-re fioToporo trpr,rBoAHbrepeMHlr ynpaBneEtrH He ngaaancr,B rexr{o"loruqecKuerroxpo6uocrn
opraEus]JoupByTcs, u reJIo EaqIIEaeTpa3pyrxaTb- rrtrbrroBrro u3MepeuutoIiBaETuB.lepefipy cpaay
ri
ot
BhrBoAaM. A oEu eue 6oree napaAo(caJ6E6r. 1460 uyrqecTByrcT n ((cylracfiIeArlne) TeoprrII o
ecjrrr B MrrIipoMIlpe iJ.qeMeHTaprrbre rracTr;rqbrIl Aa- nprpote uaurero 6urrrn l r - cootsercracH su .u
;.fiOue.rr6teaTo\rhl, cor.rlacHo TeopI{[J MoryT rrpe6br- rtpxpoAc Hdrleil cmcprrr. Tat. qy:rcrtr.r
epar_r ii r!rr_
BaTb oAHOBpeIIeHHOB fiPOT[BO[oJ'Iolr{H6lXCOCTog- i ,l | | i P e}r{r'lll rorei i caxraer, cro orpaH fl qennc,
H a-
E SflX . T o B Ho UreM ,ro;.r{pHH(Jc
"Iip y oHol4r llr r r pe TaHaf aBoii- rra r}nrrruecrnii vup Jfirrutreirrrorr,le-
crBeurrocr; (eclu 4onycrurl Bepuocrr, ?eopu[ tr BepHo,qro q)u3r,rqecftI{ereJla MoryT trpeoAoJeBaTb
q;rn rranpolr;rpa) trpr.rBo[rlr n
{ranracruvecnun pe- cBcroBoii 6aprep (300000 xrr n cexyngy).
l{roreii
ByJbraraM. Han6oree o6pasuo aro c{opuylnpo- II3yqaer Mup (TaxrIoEoB))- ulIp, fiaxoArrxlrrrlctr
na.r 50 rer naaa4 Illpegunrep. r1o ry cropouy cr{opocrr.rcsera. IIo ero MHeErlo,
<Ilpe4craarre ce6c,- roaopu;r otr,- rrro rtor[- DcererrEarr uatroMrIEaer rpexcroiiur,rii nnpor:
Iia crrAur n riopo6He,a noropoii noMerqeHaral{xe o4rru
aMrryirac uuasuAoM. lJ4ecr,nre HaxoArrrcEpaArro- .c.toi r- vnp < .,j pantroaoa,r (rro nau l rrrp.;,
nroporl croii-Mnp (rrotrcosor> (r, e. caeroaoii),
alirr'rBrraflqacrltua. cvetvrrx T-efirepalt MaurtrEr{il r rporl ri r c.noi i- ul rp raxtroH oB(cncpxcaeroeoi r).
A,rIflpa3AaB.rItBaHtrraMny.rtbr.Bce ot.taxeso ra- (l vl aTr,xaTreecR naTa + opMy,l a pa6oraer,
rint't o6paaolr,qTo,ec,rrI{qacT[qa paclaAeTcfl,cqeT- roaopur f{roreii. - [lpan,4a, nbxa .rllur, ]rare\ll_
.rurr' feiirepa o6uapyxlrr pacnaA, BI|.trorrrrr Ma- rllqecHrr.Couacno aroii {opuyne, cyntrecrByertlLi
IUIIHI{Y AJIF PA3[ABII'BAIINE AMtrY.TII,IJ II AMIIYNA oAnor a rptr BpeMeI{Ebrxlr3MepenrrfiBce.,rcsnoij,
paao6r,erca.F{ournangoxrrer quaHrrAll yMper. rioTopbre I{ofyT cocyqecTBoBaTr,u nepexoAuTl,
Corltacno Hsagrosoii nexaHrrrie B Jro6oii ar- Apyr I Apyra B 3aBtrcrrMocruor na6pasuoii cfio_
AaEHHrrMOMCTTT pa[rroariTrrBrrlflqacTtrqaAor}I{ra pocru. Calro co6oii, B cBepxcBeronorrnl,pe rpeirru
lpe6usarr, B pactraBrrrer{cslr B HepactraBrrre}rcfi Ee IICTeT{aeT,Io ecTb rreT r-rlr I]potfitolo. H[ Ha_
cocro,nHr{n. Ec.nn xe ona Ra6:rrolaercfi. oHa,., cronrqero, nn 6ynyrqero,>[5 ] I .
golxna 6y4er ua6parr, ogno uJrn Apyroe cocron- Co;rs reopuu {roren e rbv, .rro Eatle colHa-
Eue. Ho.racr[rla se oA[HoI(a B cnoeM KBaHToBo- HrIe - 3To troJIe EeaaBecrHbrx
0[Br.tRe .racrrrrl,
llexastlqecrioMBaroqeHurr.Moxno npegroloxnrr,, cBoero pofa (TarnoHoB)). Asa.ro reii efo [loxieT
qro paA[oaI{TrrBEafiqacrxqaJ cuerunri feiirepa, c"{yxtlTh ro,rlotpaM}ra - oco6ar nJlacrrrnria, I{oro_
A}IIIVJIA II IiOIxfiA flBJIgTOTCR COCTABHbITIII qACTtrMII parr fiprr ocBerqeE[tr JryrroMJrasepaBocrrpou3Bo_
egunoii naaurorouexau[qecxoii cucTeMbr tr, cJre- ,qtrTBanxcaHnoe ua nee uao6paxerre c norHoi.i
,foBare,!bEo, AoJrll{EbIcocyuecrBoBarb B 06otrx lr"r"']roarrerr rpexMeprroro trpocrpaucrBa. flarne ec-
cocroaHtrflx o[HoBpeMeHEo.Ipyrur'au cJroBaMtr, "'Itr ttxacrnHlty c 3atrrrcBo uso6pameunr pacno_
troxa HTo-To He 3arJIflEer n rtopo6ny, 'racruqa ;rorr,, to lro6orl ocI{oJIoK,Ee3atsllcuMoor ero Be-
6yger ognoapevenuo pactraBrrcircfl tr seprcnaB- rI,rqr,rHhr, coxpaEtet croco6uocts Bocltpotr3Bo/lLITrr
r uei i cs, a n nv , r a par , E ae l e n rro fr
u e e p a ;rg a a ,te u H o i r. rr:o6paxerlre qeflrrnoM.trMoar,- o6rscsser nro-
a riorrrra xnsoii rr MeprBoii. tr4 noo6rqe, n lprrn- TeI{,- 3TO Ue qTO UHOe, fiaK rrrrTe.rlJler{Tva,16Hr,rr"1
qllrre aonycTuMo yTBepffiaeriHe,tITo troRa rTo-To rlrr.rltp. o6pa6arlrsaervsriiJra3epEhrunyiou, oc-
He trocMoTpsTEa qeJroBeria. tiotopr,riioarnrqrreaer xoAflrrlrltrrr3 Mr{pa (Tax[oHoB), Mtrpa cBepxcBeTo-
B fiopo6xy, ro oE,3Tor re,rooex. raxxe upe6rr- oux cnopocreii. onpymamrqze uac oo,aenrtr pe-
BaeT B qByx cocTogHrlsx: B cocTotHrrr.r,B r{oTo- aJrr,Hocru cyr6 ronofpaMMrr. Bcerensag - eto
porr o u o 6 aaplx uB aer K o u rri vx rrs o i r. r B c o rro fl - nrr[r! Br{AuMocrr,, KaK roBopr,rJr If;rarou (go6a-
Hrrrr.B noropoM ou o6napyrxunaer r{orxxy Mepr- ar:u: n l l l onenrayry.- A . J| .\. Taxosa sucro na-
roii. tr4rax Aa.ree...ll [50]. Tepnaut{cTr.rqecI{afi R oTEnAr, He peJ]I{rIIOSEa_A
Bnpo.rell, MolI{Ho Fe ocraraBJlrrBarhcg Ea (Fn3_rnaFarrterocoauauua...r [52]
?TOM,a B CrrJIy eCTeCTBeHEOTO AyaJrU3Maltnpa llc.rrrrcorracllTlcfi c reopnei ,{torea, ro c;re-
trpeAltoxo)I{r{Tl,rrTo Bce Mbr o[HoBpeMeFrroEBJrfi- AyeT nplr3rraTl, sTo Eartra cMepTL 3aBr.tCIrTEe
eltcfl II 7I{trBbr r rr MoprBbrMr{.au6op xa eocron- roJr6r{o or (fpy6oiir aeuuofi {uano.rorunJ Eo rr
nI lE 3 a BIIc lr or lior { oo ro n a 6 ,ro g a re .rn . to ro p tri l i oT q)tr3nqecKuxnpoqeccoB, KoTopr,reMhr He B co-
FaxoAIITct sne flar]reii cucreurr (ryr cpaay Ea- c?orrEEu 4I,tficnponarr (upar4a, B uocJ]eAHee
trparluBaercfl nounrue Iiora). Ho ll 6or s raftoM BpeMfl tro.EBr{Jlacrcoo6rqeuur, rrro B xoAe onbr-
c,[yqae rB.rlflercfl troAc[creMoii erqe 6olee xpyn- ToB Ea rlrrn"rrorpoue llncruryra a4epaoft r[nslrrilr
uoii cucteusr. tro oruoueHr.lo n xoropoii ou re- yHtrBepcr{reraa Jlyaeue (Be"rrrra) }I{ari Creftep
.xseTcfitroAHa[3opEbrM. tr4ecrecTBeEHo, Bor, nona o6napymra,r tracruqbr. cKopocrb riorophrx B
ra HrrM Ha6.rrroAaer Cnepx-Eol. oanoBpeMeugocy- 1,2 paaa trpeBbrrnaercr{opocrL cnera). Teopnn
rrlecrDyer rr Ee cylqecrByer. tlro xe Kacaercfl llroTetr tropomgaer Ea noprAori 6o.rrr,ure solpo-
(lae p x-Eo r a, r o. . . O , r e s n A s o . n a c e ro g u n u rrrrri i eoB. rreM oraeroe. Cpegn Elrx rr rarilre:
nar lprr-
Aenb qarhqerlune IrbrcreHuue aric epuMeETI{ Ee IIcxoAnr KoopArr8aqnR(coenaleuec) ly,leir ura-
DrteroTcMbrc"la.TTolox,uelt pa3BItTlra rsasrogoit rIoEEoro Jra3epat tr trpIIeMEoro I'crpoiicraa
Teoplr[, a r"'IaBEoe- trpafiTrrr{ecxlx olrbrToB rIc- (Mo3ra) fipr roM, rrro oHR cyqecrByror I {yux-
c,renoBare"lefr. r\uoEtrpyF0T B COBepTXeEEO pa3S6rXIIn0C1aCfiX Bpe-

93
MeFn-npocrpancrBa, acrqecrBft-bneprn? Hro - orrere-roqfie, teu 6o,lr,me 6yger Rucno6oxi;1eno
lio r. l rur r nr llur i' - c { r lt /(i l .' I ? i l l i o c c o Be p l l Io IIIIoe rrtiprrrrr A,'rr oiip16ortin unrlroplritrltttt. Nlor'1rt1t,-
Icrpoiicrro. Iiilri tto3r'i cttocti6tloe Rocnpllnntli\l b c ro ilitl:tIlII BorlptcTtrTR )ToM cJyrlle rlcrleporlt-
Jryqr (Ta.lillolrrroroJa3epa)r) tr'I rar Aa.ree. rro. 'fln,rep currraer, qro IrclroJr,goBarr,cHtra
Vrovruy eule o6 oguoii Jrro5ourrrsoii reo- aneprtn 6y4er d"tn aocvpeaetLust llepTebLr.
prlu, rrp04.]ror(eHnoii alreplttiaucHllr{ fiocMoJol'ol{ Iiouulrorepna'l nporpaMMa coorBercrBylorqeii
(Dpauron Tltr"repolt tli'I'yleircxoto yHltBepcu- cJo?r{Eocrrrcroco6na cMo,[eJIItpoBarr, pa3yu .'tIo-
rera (rurar lluguaHa), l tioropoii or nonl'ITaltclr 6oro qerosexa c nto6r,rlr ypoluelr rovuocrn. IIpn
coeAnrrltTt {u:rrriy I Teo"lorulo B Bollpoce o rrarutlIIlI 6ecrioHe,IrIoro Bbr\rrcJIIITeJIr,Horopecyp-
cMepTu Ir BocKpeluellfluMepTBr'rx. Ca nOflaIlTcE B03llOlI{EOCTL CO3AaTLHoMIIbIoTep-
Tuu;rep cuuraer, qro xI{3Eb s roir rl;]u ltuoti Ityro liotrrro fia,{nolo qeJIoBolla.rotAa-;tu,io r+lug-
{ropve 6yger npono"l]r{arlrcsAo (Kouqa BpeMeHIr), tncro ra clcro. IIo IIe ro.'rblio. trIoxno 5yger
rioropbrii Hacrynur B ToM cJlysae, ecJruBepHareo- Tatiltie coJJar[ r\ru.qeJlraeex .ro4eii, xoropue a
pus ry.rbcnpyroqeii Bceleqroii (g.ra tlusuria- npfisqune uor;trr 6r'r cy lecrBoBarr,. Becnouequoc
rtlrlcrltaullHa Bo,rturoii napun * n ecrr, tot caur'rii riorrqecrBo lrudropnaqnn, xoropoe norpe6yercn n
anr enopentta, o I{oropoM roBopnrcs r Eu6.luu). Aaflrorr c.xyqae o6pa6orau,, Ee troMexa, rloclioJlh-
liorga ron BJr{arr[er{ co6crnenqofi rlxecru Bce- ril'y Hao B BaIIace 6ygyr l 6ecnoneqnocrl, rpu-
Je E I I af i HaqEeT C I I ' i I I M a T L CA Il Be p Ee T Ctl B COCT OT - Itcnu, u 6ecroneqEocrr' 3HeproBoopyxeIIHocru.
nne 6ecfione.rsoii tr"'lorEocrlr, ero tt 6yget rioxqou
r l a ru e I B c o: r c uuoii ( u, Bo J M o x { rtou,a q a ro l tt g o g o I
Bce.nennoii). ltoHeqsoe cocrofiHIte Bcenessoii
'l'eiiEp .tc [Jlap.f,ennaraa'l Eelror4aa.ueza-ro't6oi, ...C TOqI{II SPDHIIfl IIIJIETAIITA'
rioropar B MareMarl4rIecKoM cuucle 6yger cyu-
lroii acex rrEhrx roqeK BpeMeErrI{ npocrpaEcrBa.
ilro6oii .ly.r cBera, uotryuregErtii s JrIoOoMMecre IIo c"rosan Be,rrlKoro MllcJlrlre.'lfi AHTIrqHocrIr
lJceressoii n .rro6oe apelra, upu6yger, a IioHI{e fl,;rarona, {rrtocot[un ecrt' ne rITo llHoe, rali tlpu-
riouqoB, B oMera-Toqliy, Hy a aror (I{oneq rioH- roroBreuue rt cMepltt. A pyccn[ii dln"roco(t
rtos) (noHerr rpeir,tcuu) IrocMoJlotlro6oaranr rep- XX sefia JIes Illecror, paaBtrBasu4en fl.rrarona,
\rvBo\r c-?Paltut4a. nltca,r o r.ry6otoit rpartt'tuocrn nncrnatettun dre-
flo gocru*ieann c-rpaulrqbl ocraJloct. corflac- noMeua qeroBeqectioii 6peuuocru: <t,..qro6r,r lI;t
rro reoprrn ry.rr;cnpyroqet Bce"'rennoii,nprruepuo IIu roBoplrJrll u riax 6r'r rrbr Hn Aylfa;rlr o crleprlr,
100 ulr.r.,rrrapgor "rer. Tun;rep rari o6tacgqet tron BceMIt Ha[ruilll cJIoBaMIl I{ MbICJTflMIIUyAeT
npoTrrBoperrrreMeir{Ay I{oHeqHocT6IO BpeMeEII tr BCerAacripblBarhctl orporlEas TpeBola Ir BelrII-
lc.rnoii rrtrarrrto, Aaponausoii ;'IIoAqr{IioroM. flo .ralirrteeHarpnaresuo. lI qeu r;ly6xe ur'r cran-elt
r)ro trrHeII[n. cJreAyeTpaSnlr\aTb RpeMfl ttucTuH- norpylFiaTBCtB MbIC.rIh o cIIepTII' TeI{ OOilLrxeUy-
aocr (n:lre paror4eecnvacaun) n tpenn tcg6zen- Aer pacrn u Hana rpeltora 'l'aIi 'lro {n;rocotlua
TtLatloc r. otrpeAengeMoe oco6ennocrgllLtrleroBerre- rrlreer cBoeii roc"relneii aaga'rei'ile rocrpoetrre
clioro nocnprrmua. Tur',rep IrpuAeprr{trBaercg cIrcreMhI. ne o6ocrrosautre HaIIleto 3Harrrlfl' Eo
rr,qe[. qTo ]riri3nl Mo]It€T6rITL, B ]iOEe'IHOM CSeTe, lrpttMnpeExe BIIAIIM6IX npOTlIBOpe'{nl{ B H{ll3IlIl -
cBe,[eua ]i Herioropotry pogy o6pa6orxlr nnQop- BCe 3TO 3atraqlr troJOifiuTerbEl'lx Hayr{r IioTopblc'
lraqurr. XIcxgy nro6lrn ltouenrot\{ (lIrcrurrfioto) B DporrrBo[oJroi(rrocrl {uloco{tuu, c'lJ-tnar )firr3-
npelrerrr II c-rpaHI,Iqeu,ct]uTaeT fiocMoilor, B03- rrrr, T. e. upexonfilqllM ny?*IaM, a o cMopTlrr T. t.
lroxtsa 6ecti(tHevflaao6pa6orna uq{oplfaqrru,'rro, o Beqnocrlr, Irc AyrIalor. 3a;1aua tfu.'toco{trru rup-
B cBolo oqepc;Ib, o3sa.Iaer 6ecfioqe'Iuocrb xltgnn Barr,cfi, xorq 6u oruacrn, IJprI rtusult or rfiIr3IIIl.
rt paSyr!a. a c.'reAoBaTe"rrrIlo, u 6ecrioseqgost6 tr4, noao6uo rolry, rtafi \eiloBer c tr,rlatleMpoAllircrr
<cy6telitrrnnoro> BpeMeEr. Ha cBer I{JIr c tipr{}ioM lpo6y;ri4aerca or l1}YII-
Sxeprrr (arlrnsarporua). neo6xoquuan 4ln TeJrbHoro KoulMapl{ofo cEa' Tar{ u nepexoA li cMep-
o6 p a 6 o i r iu r t u6opr t at luu (x u ;tH r 1 . e o a e u tra e r6 ,ra - Tn or ,Itrr3Etr aoJlirieE, no-BrIAuMoMy' coIIpoBolli-
,ogapntonnini) (cx{arraro) Bce.tenaoii o- rarlcg 6eccuucJtcIlHhIM' orrIatluEItrr ycIIJlllelr'
cfioJrbHyrpaBlrraI{uonsuii RorJIatrc crpeMrlrcF I{ aAeKBarHbIM Bllpa*ierrlleM I{oroporo 6yger ro;+it'
cnnrynxproir 6eapaarvtcpnoii TorIHe,ro o6rqee rio- 6eccvrrclenuuii, orqafiHur,rii fiprlrt l{J]rr 6eaylrnoe
lItrrecrBo nstcro6ori;laertoii B npoqecce c?fiartrs pbrnaHue. JI [t'uaro. JTo raliol-o po[s (npo6];ll.lo-
ruepturr 6ecrioue'ruo.qelt 6.'rni+teBceleugan x H r4rr JB a.l r' rl ruorrro rl uroco@ ur,r
[531.
A nnorue .rrtl rr3 uac nyMalor o crleprr l
B o6nneHsoM. ;nrrreiictiot'l clI6Ic"le, uaBeprlot',
* EoJr,Broi?B3p6tB- o5F\ctps[traE cciicac rcopilt rcc. A n rln"rocorfcnou?
, r nJo, r(\ o;rjt, rrr'r' rilmo ii llc enc nr , Li B po3lJ l, 1r f , Br p6t _ Ar15ep ?I{axap B oAI{oir I13 Irnrc pBI' lo- pac-
iaef rnrortto ro cr)crNa r lar c pun. c , Har oil B DeBooL '_
',,,
pa3q\ro uaJym Toq(y! criaablBatt: <HeAaaEo rr IrpoBoAuJ onblr B iJBpu'

94
pr3r'oBaprlBaxB TeqeEIIcqncn c 200-300 (NnaA-
[1r'rMn) nrfio.rrLHIlrialftI.OtrIt ril;lirBa,1rrBorrpocrrr
r-oJIllio o ourtprtt... Ilo,teltl' c)'rr(,crnycr crrr,prr,it L.tl l (l Tl t ll C l tJt.l t(T D l tJt.
llo.reuy n MoMerrrJliot71a JnoArr ylltItpatt)T,ollrl ?l{nnarr li,'rcrria airrltrrcrnrt.r,,u-
r re o At,rf laI ( oBco, t ac t , lrrn rr.' l l o c .rr' ,\ti ],rb rrre i i tr Bce rrexrrnoe- ctrrrlrerpn.rro (crpynrypa).
lMeJr [eJro co (crapnriaMJrD- 1J-.reruultr lro4-
l{BnilieHrre (iftrr3nL) ecrr, crpe}urcErre acrrrl-
poc?KaMlr.Ouu aaganalrr Mfie Boupocbr,r{oropr,re rtcTp[ft N crr\rnrerprrrr,raoca ri cTpyriTypHoiiyno-
nouor"'tu 6r,r nM Jryrlrrle Bhlnornrrrl nrlclMerrtsrre ptrlloqeHrrocrrr(aHrponr.rtI) .
paforu. 14a Hlrx yx{e c,{eJra.rrIl ]ril,r€Bbr rx riperrr- Lv0prL ri ati ropi + i r,crB ocrpyti r\.ptroi t raprro-
HOB,KOTOpbre rlTO-1OySraIOT. a rrOlOM3TO )r{e u nrtt (cttl utrcrprrrr).3.tocu ul reeTcn B B x.' l y rapuo-
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TO[O. rii:lK neperrrJrrr rr3 MJlaAe[qecTBa l,I oTpoqecT-
Ba BO B3pOC.rIbrU Mrrp.
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f - raxoii xe. fiari Bbr, .rrrrrengr,rii cncrcM- farrrlqecrioe BerqecTaoqepe3 opraErrqecrioeBoBJIe-
u oro, ecre crBeEu oEa yrrrr olo o6paaor ar nr a. I lo n
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(Ol{e1flt1Ua0. cronnrre MexAy troprAnorr I'r -r(aocoM(u;rn nao6o-
IIHOTO ApeBune, He rrMefi ra6.,ruqrr por
rcp!ro,[14qecrit,rx oJre](eEToB. Hs rrrososc rioir lrexa- - MelRAy xaocou rr nopa4nou)?
nrrfirr rr Teoprru oTEocuTelbHocTrr,Ter! He rreHee 3a-relr nyxeu aror qnnn? I,Islresglorcn,.Ts
IIOCTaBlt,rrK trOqTll BCeBOtrpOChr, EaA nOTOpbrMX cB oi i crB a B euecrB . spotuel tul l x eror qux,r?
AO
crrx trop fioprrnr yqeHue ll ifn:roco{rr. [e.no gaxe
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rlrarnqecr{Re ifopr'ry.'ru, o6r,qcnsroqtle [eiicrBue r{oEo}IepHoroB B03EnrisoBeHultyflopqAor{eEEocTII
rfxrrnuecriux aanonoB,* a r tou, uto6lr tronllrfarl t{rrBoii Marepln Ha pa3HLtx ypoBHsx ee optaErr-
npurqunbr 6r,rroBaHnEIr a3anMoorHorreEl{Epa3- 3aIlIIIt.
luuaux {opr'r Marepnrr - Jaeprtrft. florcuro:4"'rn rlro raroe xtlsgs?
rpn.nocorfaseo6saare.lrso BEar6, cfiax{eM,ToqE6re 9ernoii u 6eccnopuoii rprERqhr Melr{Ay)nrrB6rn
r1n{pu gaorenra a oleoii o6.racrll n s lpvroir. r Eex{uBbrM ner. Boar,lleu, Rarrpllt{epJBrlpycbr.
lilrv gaxqo 3Earrr,rrro ec;ru a o4noii o6,,racrugar- rrnemqlre fipncraJrJlLrrrecKyro pertrerriy. r{actnrlu
.leElte Hr{r{e, qeM B apyroii, ro rle o6"'racrrleH- BrrpycoB MorrHo pa3Jro)+rxrr,(pasr,arl) ua or-
cortoro JaB.rreutr.a r o6racrr, ntrartoro 6ygyr nepe- [cJI6Ebre MO.rrefiy"rrflpHbre rioMrroEeflTbr rI cHoBa
Iteqarrrcq troror{r1 BetqecrBa (ra3, xI{ll{ocrD). co6parr, ua nlrx lrudrertlnouurre e4rrnuqtr. Enle e
A lrarellaru.recraa $opllyla aroro npoqecca B la,rare 60-x ro4on 6rro;roru ycragoBrr.rrlrJ lITo
AaHHoM cryqae Bc flyll{Ha, lI rati uponcxogtrr rpanlrllbl xttrBoro Morvr 6sltr, orognnuytr ga;rie
oclrhrc"'reHrre6rrrttq ua ;rn6ou yporne - or MaIi- ue ri Brrrplta[1.a It Bl.rpycshrMHyKJeIHoBHtr liltc-
po- Ao MrrripoMr{pa.[]axuo 3Harb rrpr{Hrlrrtr,a Ee J O T AT IIJ J I.
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rln$prr. Maro roro, caMblereHrra.rlrrHbre ugeu (ua- JI. roBoprrr o ro!r, yro colpelreEuaff
rrpllltep, TpuaAy fere.'reBcr{ouArra.rlerirufiII,aooo- rra)'ria He B cocToHHrrrrnpoBecTrrqeTriyrc xeMap-
II\e HeBo3llolltHoIIpeACTaBnTL B SI{Ae MaTeMaTr- riarIrroHEyrc JrrrHI{Io Me}I{Ay }I{IrsHbto rr crrepTlt0.
.recnnx droplry"-r,ro.rnlrx q)r[rnuecrtEx pacqeroB. l l ocxo.tr,rt5 * uexl y ri ocrroi i l ;ri rre,' i i Marepl l ei r
tDnnocodr,r on€pupyror KoHuelqrrsMrr, a Ee pac- rreT trplrEq[nrra"]hHo Henpeol1o.-lrr]roro pa3psrBa),
rreTaMtr,rortr, fioHeqso,yq[Tb]Baror lrTofll pacqe- TO OpraErr3Mr,r .rryque Bcer'o ontrcblBaTb
ToB npll IIocrpoeulrr rrouuenulrii. naft'fiABbre
Eelxr{ByroMarep[ro, Aocr]rrrll ro oco6oii, cue-
He npereugya Ha ysrrBepcaJrLHocrr,cBonx rqni[u'recrtoiiopraEuBaqrrn.
<ltunrr-orxprrrr.rri), noAenrccb 3anltctMu pa3llblx Heo6xoqulrlre ycJroBlrrrcI'rqecrBoBaErrq Jrrc6oft
.'reT B EaAelI(Ae,qTo oHII nOIBITtHyTIiOIO-TOHa {oplrrr xuann:
orbrcrtaHseco6crses[ofi rcruut,t. 1. Mera6onuslr (o6lreu re4ecrn).
2. Cauonocnpoueae4enre (nepenava rnrlop- otrbrr, Ear(auJltrBaeuuli n {urcnpyeunii a upo-
Manrr[] {. opraun3lra? HonerHr-r,
uecce ?r(narre4er'rcJr6uocrn
3. l\[vrarirrrrsocrl (cnocr-,6Rtcrl]i Brr-luu3- y trp Bep)r(eHqeB
6y4nualra, uH,qyl{Bna.reocti{rrt,
:a n p e l .re u u n r l p tto 6 -
MCEe HIIn|l r CHCT nqe c l i o My anrponoco{urr u Herioropr,rx,qpyrtrrpe.rIlrrr03sLIx
pereHsbrx cBoiicrB). yueaui rarrrx aol pocoa ue sorsrrN aer. OH tt
ccbrJlanlcE Rari Ea reop[lo, roBopfirqy0 0 nepe-
O6texrueuo: ceJleEnaAyIn yMeprxrrx B HoBr,reTeJa, Tari u Ha
B nac aaro;xeno (uouulro coauaunr) crpelr- trpaRTIIriy - cBu4g'reJ'rbcraa lrc4eii. u pu nuu u ual-
.rrerlre: 'rrrx o cBotrx npe'*runx pornAeu[sx. flane.u lype-
l ) r; c s r qc c r r t r ar r r rrro(n l rra H u e x r, n .); Btrrr B crarhe <Vriru, vro6lr BepHyrlct) Harlorrrr-
2) ri lpo.lo.lxeurrro poga; HaeT o Tpe\ xpecToltaTItlrEbDicJyqatrx rarioro
3) ri pa:eururo (ycroxrueunn, orrBJeurn poAa.
norlrx ypoaneii opraHusaquu). (B 1951 roAy Nlurupa narr cnoxr
^trE4rreq
Iian. ortty4a troflB,rrflerctr crpelrJrelle ri ABr{- rpexJreTrlroroAoq6 LBopErary BlrecTe Apyr[\rl{
_c
itiLlHll to i AeTLMIIB AJIIITeJ6UOe tryIerJeCTBIte.n0rAa OHII
iJrrrponun!!! Osa xe AaJraroJrqori H pa3Brr- B03BpanlaJrrrcB gouoii, Caopu"'rara HeoE{rrAanHo
rlm Bce.'regnoii noc,re Eo,'lr,uroloaaultga. uotrpoct.rrauorfepa anro6yca cBeplyrr, ri ((eeAo-
-Errru lromer. 3AecL )r\recrlro npoicctn au,,.ru- uy>. illorlep, e€recrBeurro,rre nprrAa.l 3narreuul
rnro c o6.tacrglrrr abrconoro u Hrrglioro traB"'renun. ee upocs6e, rrocrio,'rr]]iy oHtr rritxoArr,irrrcLAaJIerio
Snrponlrn - BTo norAa rae ue o6"lactn Bllcoxoro or poAnoro o.rara. floa;He, [orAa rpylna ocrauo-
naBJreurrfinepeMelrlaercr s o6fiacrb uuanoro (lo- Brr.'Iacr,B Harnr, .rro6rr Bbrllltrl, qarc, Ceopn,,rara
nyrxo 6laro4apn ABII;+IeHLIn BbrAeJIsaoueprnru). cN aJa.ra.rrro ei i 6s.ro 6rr npl rrrH ee soi i rrr s cgoi i
Torga anruanrpounrc o6paeno MoTriEoupeAcra- [oM rr B Blrano]roir oScrauos]ie trocuAerrr Ba cro-
BrITb B BrrAe fiBrr?{eurrg BetqecrBa na o6lactu .nou. Oreq {eBoqntr ]'AuBurcfl: Err orr, nrr Apyrae
Hr3noro naBJ'reuu.g s o6ractb BEIcoKoro,Bosltox- q.TICH6I CEMLIT 3AECL ENIiOTAA TIE E{II,]III. T,BOPHJIATA
Ho .ltrr rar{oe 6eg glleurare.tr,ctBa (trocropoEnl{x)) BeirapeirBo cBoeii(npelfiEcii;nlanr> a Itarsu s
ctI,n? Ec"rn HeBoaMo)+iso, auastll, xnBHL Bapo[u- cemre llarxaton,
.rracl,He caMa no ce6e, y ee nMeercn liogriper- 06 arou surao4e,lromer 6urr,, u aa6lrrn 6n,
Fbrii TBopeq (xoropsrii oAEnM uJ ycnoBUii l,r{u3su HO qepeS ABa roAa AeBoqliacTaIa uclloJlsflT6 s0-
qe"'roBeria c4erar cueprr,). u3BecTHbreB ee trecrEocrrr trecElr It TaEIIbr.
B 1959 rony nporleccop Bauepgxn crar n3yrrar,,
Moxno .'ru Ayuy cBecrrr ri uudroplraqnr (nan aror r{asyc. Ou ornpa.nurcn n Harnr, rAe tro3ua-
y Trrn.nepa? ) rioMr'rlcfl c ceurcii Tlarxarol, lr,eii pogcrnenurr-
tr4nQopuaqna- sro rlynxqun lrarepulr (lnep- qeii crurara ce6x Cropn,rara, yqeEblii o6napy-
rttlt) n;rn nplrErlr{nrraJlbno vsofi eu1 6utrua? Cy- 7*ilrr,IEopa3ure.rbtroecoBnd1eHUcnorlpoJuocreii. o
ulecrBver .lrn uadropuaqna ene coauauua? (Max. rioTopErxpaccKaSblBa".ra eMy AeBorIlia,c Tetrr,qTo
reopnfl orparrieuua u r. 4.). Ec;ru uurfopuaqua, OE YBI,IAEJI B AOME.
liaH u Beu{ecrBo,o6la4aer trJrorxocrllo, aHaqlrr, flo upe4;roixeuuro upoifcccopacelrrs flarxa-
loryr cylqecrBoBarr uu{opuaqlrouHbrc (qeprbre rioB rroexaJra K poA[TeJrtrM AeBoqriII. LBopsIaTa
A6rpbr). BCeX qX flBEO y3HaBaJra. Ha3bltsaira trO [MeEaM.
flsrsercq nrr Ayura saxognponaunoii e renax BCtrOMrlEaJra DnU3O[r,r U3 trpOrX"'IOrO, B nOTOp6rC
lr.JHdea.rbHo **? I4lu - 3To cyrtMapHbri.i sce osu 6u,rrr rocBaurenr,r.Bce..rro genotna pac-
Ayua
cr{aar,rBaJrao ce6e, cosraaaro c rurstrtrro Euiilr ur
centln flarxarion, lioropal ]'rrcp"[a Ba Bocerlr,Jrer
* (l oroii roqfi'I Bpertrt fiEorEE BtrEBI ccroBecec(oii Ao po)fiAeurrfl Caopn.rarrr. llpeqroiro;nenue, rro
:{erreJrbrrocrr (llayria, rlcxyccrBo-T, e. ns{op!aqrou- Cnopn.rara - 3ro trcpeBon.rrorqeuuaa liniir, riaea-
uHe) - 9To ro;*ie QopMa rl{tr3str (BaBacEMaa oT seJro- Jrocb oqeB II[E bttI.
BL'rta), no tr qeroBet saBEcET or 4pyrax {oprr rriusurr
(nlorlier 6Hrr,. or B6rcuct, o (oropoi tr {e AoraA6rBaer- OArrafio ocrasa,racr erqe 3araAril. Illriig roso-
cE). DnJa Ha xrrH.lu ]r Ho 3rra"'laoeura,'tLctiotoasuna.
** 3Aecr, narrpaEuBaeTc.[ trpocras, so co6,raesureJu,-
uaa auaJlorts lleroBeria c [orfllLrorepoN. ]lar u y nouul-
orepa, y Eac ecrt (Jarlrrrat naMtr6t (teEer{secfi[ii DOS'e raEaqaJrr,Eora"!ol(era trporpa\rrra-Bnpyc,(oro-
riol), mecrR,lit ltrcri, rtrc BarrI,IcaEDOS (ocEoBuar Epo- pan paccqt'T.rrn Iir unppapl|llur,rii rlrrri,] ]||jJIIoqeEItt.
rpd\lila rliu30caoffloJbuocTul It otrepaTuBuaFnat\rtTb.n3 Br,ulrloqeIIuii riorlu6]orepa. l{orlla aro qrrc!'roilocrrrrEyro.
rioropoii eripArressoEet{olopoeHorucecrBo rrll{oprraquu Bgpyc BclynaeT B AerrcfBMcu yHngTotiaeTtrocToagEyro
.tdoEchraaercrr sa (r{ncrFltii ;rucHr (noJr). Ecnrr ao opc- ns4oprraqrn. (Jarrrrrylor B rera\. B pcaynr,rarepaspy-
rt,rr pa6orlr DrliJrroqrrlr oueprrro, Bce,qro 6lrlo u oueira- nraerca ynpaB.reuue6uo\nNusecfitrr[ lpoqeccaMri,u op-
rnBEoii DarrETU.lpotraAer. DOS se uors6aer npn or- raarrslr trorn6acr. Ecr6 n llpyrne rrrurrr BupycoBr ltoro-
Ii.,luqeHItIl 3Eeprulrr ItnI c1loBa }rot+iEoIlolEaoBaTLca.riof- pEre erqe paHLrue crnpanr DOS, 11anpurrep.6one3s6
Ja tto]tiirloqexa ggeptEg. Ho ts EaIueM qeJloBeqecfiorr Anbrlreirrepa (paisoBlIAsocrh crapqecRoro cru6oyMtra).

96
Cnopu;rara xie IlctroJlgtlla 6eirra;trcrine necun u roBopor caucaphr To ecrr, no;rnqecrlo un{opua-
ranqx. O6racuenrrg TaH rr rre Earxnocb. qutr, uuerolleiicn y EoBopoxxeurroro re,.raJB Tolr
[pyrofi c.,ry'rari orrocnrcfi ri HceHor,'IoccIIIl II npyrolr ciryqae oArruarioBo.B 6ynyrqeu o <cra-
(cnoco6uocru qeiroBelia rronrnrarr, uyxoit n:sIn. pori) Ayure Moryr cBepliuyrr, ocno.rtir ollhrra
He n3]'qarr ero o6nqnanr o6praorr). B 1973 rory npoAbrAyrqelopof{AeHrr8. Ho B rrpoqecceHala.n-
jhrllra
;i(rroncou fi otrrora.ritaBOerll rrl'u{\'-BpiiqI HOfO pil:llrlITIIfl O it AfrJlt+iEil lloBo.'I hc'uloBaT Lc fI IIII-
B npoBe,JeHIrrr l1ricncplIMerrroBIlr) tlrrIHo3\' Uttu Oopuaqlreii. nc egnllanrroii c rlpe;+illrr c"\'rrJccrB(,-
lt c a rd .T pt r i{ ian J a. la B rp a H r' l ttn H o rtt.t,p n H r _ B al l l l eII t-JexoB aTLr.tLfi r). IIvE i uo JOIIvcTIITI, IrOi r-
luu.r cr rlo tsp0llH ceaHca B03BpaTBL,BpeuerlII ]\I(I}Ti H OC TITTOL'J. IITO (,IIP C A E .'TOIIH bIC JI'IOItU IN O
ll Jngul H0o;{IrAasIroB3,fporEy.raII soripIIrit.t]L (fl cIr\[r]r'cIi rro) caoi i c'l na rte.roB eri i t (rrrnr:rrpl rol
Ja. crBilrllBllrltcb 3a r'0.rl0By.l\{JriTopfl|rlr]fleHH(l ctl e ror\lorrlht{) i{HH. l'u,rr,, pril}-'}reercrr. rr:lrrr
'lrpefipilrli.l orrsrt. diest cIia3a.'ta.qro eii rtptrntt- 06 LtHdtratrd llu,tbli'il oc06errrroclfl\ .'rrrrrrrocrlt,
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.'rLrx.rogeii. Orit ,ryrcrnotra,ra.,lro cc rollie \ortlr tr iL

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uopalla.ro. r,'ati"]efrir)
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o cuocii ;titt:rtltIrt pu6ttte nit {tt'pnl.
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.ro o rotrt, .rro Jlrrrrrl ,rerHo r{}'RcrByer ct'6n r po- IrepconaTx crialnu ttlrnrtnura. tr'lcroptrn BEaer Fe-
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Tperr'rii ciy,raii. lirrureu 9aun, roropuii po- ) c . r o B x f l m c y t a e c r B o B a H r l n . I I o p o c c r i i c t t o l l y r r '-
ln;rcs r 1921 roAy B ceMr,e I'xylarton a r. Iia- .'reBrr[ertrlrc n {991 rogy nor{a3aJll{ ropaaureirl'-
peit.rJu B l4nglrr. npullepno a lojlropa loga craJ rrrrir cnxer o qo.roBerie. Korophrii ,qercrBo 01-
:lilJtB Tr, Botlpocl,ro ropogre orltt6rttr (ne4a.lt'- porrecrBo npoBe.rr RMecrc co craeii ruaria.rton. Fior-
rio or liapeii.'r-'rl). IJ ceulc lxyraltou Hrrl{ro He Ia ero Harrl"rrrr, To I(oe-riari fipIIyqIlJrI r,i oAex{llc
6brsa,'rr rlron ropogne. Ho pe6euot ynopno pac- tr unnltltalguoii trlrueHe n nocaAlr"rlrr g ttcux6o;rr,-
cKa36laa,:ro cnocir itirrgns n tDrrnr6xnre. Oq ro- nuqy. Iloua4o6nnocb rlHoro RpeMeII[. qto6rr aa-
BopRn, tITo ero 3Ra"IlI Jlarurtvn llapaiiu. 'trr-r on cTilBrITL eIO Up[EETh rre.rroBeqecR]lo(lIpaBrIiIa Ill-
6r,rn cr,rsoM Sotaroto 3eMJreBnaAe,r6lla,nogpo6uo pbrD xort{ 6r,r n llunnuarrqov o6'belre. Cauot'
oIIIIcriBaJt Aolr, B rioTopoM ]r{Ilil. cBeT,roe BocnoM[EaEue ero ]ttII3Hlt - craa. ]i'rr1'
tleo6rrqrue paccRa3Lr Fmneua rpnonerllr ue rryTr{rrbr nn ren.luft rarepliroier, uu To;rcroii
BHrrMaHtre [pofiypopa ua Bapei;r,ra. Os ux sanll- c lllericulrpou, DI{ Mo"'rRrBa. On u na rort\-ro
caJ Ir petl!r.I npoBepurb. Oraaa.nocs.trro Aetcr- cTorrT He oqeHb oxorHo - TgHer Ha rreTBepeHLliII
Bu!eJlblloo6crogte;rrctsa xnsnn Hapafira conna- Iqe ine ryr Mecro ,{JIa Ay[rrr B rpagtrqllo]Inoll
.raii[ c paccnaaaln Iirureua> [56] . 4nr enpoueftqen noqtluaflrru? Il rro 61'tlr c 11-
IIpe4uo:rontru. iITo ortr c.)ryqatr a6cottnrrro rrroii rruro rr0JoBeHa. fiof;la orr trlIcrl'
:IOCTOBepffbr tr nOCJIeOTMI,rpaIIIl[ TeJIa Ayrna Bce- . \ s e A L T a K u x c l l ] 'q a e B I l p l t i r J r r . t l f l i i q l . l e
J.aercl B uonyro o6o.ro.rxy. IIo orny4a 6epyrcn 198(fx ronon are rcrBo Peiircp rcpc.'Ia.lo rarioe
rroBHe Iy[U{, eC]E }rrecTl. tlTo: a) I(oiIIrqecTBo coo6tqcrne: norio;to;1eaarl .Tor IIil3ilJ ll lifiyHl'-
.'rogeii na seure nocronuqo yne.lu'luaaercn; 6) .rnx rn,qrutctioto rntara Vrrap-II1)aAeta R BoJqt-
sacl6 .f,y r fioliuAaer r{pyroBopor, rrepexoAtl R €l! .'roroBe 6rtl naiigen pc6eron. 'l'an xe xari 1'
nnpnanl'? i3naurtr. gaxe 6y4;1ttcr qo,'rxeu 1ol1'c- {trlr.uurru. conperreauuir NIal'r'ru e.r ro.Tlrrio cLI-
'IIII6 nOCTOtrgEOe AOSErIriF0BeIIII0 KariofO-Tal lio- p . u r t r c r ) . \ n 1 r r ; t t r a q c r a . p ( 't r l , l . 'r \ . . - l t o ] t t . t t a u t c . t -
. l t lqeCT B .r Ilr,BblX. n CBc ?+ iPr l. lleqPHHLlI , , l! I t I O I - lltlc ero. Ia.rrlI erl]' np[rcT 1l tle.]oBcrl{'cIioo r{Mt{
flario 31rr (Hotsue) ,n)'Illll Iloqeu]!1o fiIllilIi He frirtll', Ha! rIU.-Iu o]eBiITl,c,l. cCTL roptrq)'r0 IIIIrqlr.
Bbl;(e.'rqmrcfl tta $ouc gyu, npoloJitillou1lr lip)'- o;uato ronopurl \{ir}lJu rari u He Ira):Illt.lctt.

l ? A. ,'laupIIR 97
Helanao oE yMep. E{nsur cpegn ltogei onara- exe AOcTuIaoTollpoAsJroErroro
ronuVecraa (U;ror_
nacbeMyIIe noA cu4yt. Hocru). npoecxoAET KaqecrBeHHbliicra,tori_ Mq_
llra:rr,sgna Anne JlyApnrno 3antltrraercscrt€- rsptra (oayxoTBopReTcffD, (JII|UIHTTF)gEeDrXff
qlranlJltbrMutrccJr€AoBaHusMrr c[euolreua <uayr- np[Aaer MersptlncaofrcrnacalloocolHanua.pe$-
,nr,rr.trfuyuun orio,ro f,O rraiiAeuuurcii.rioropire JIeI(CtrU.
qac?b ,r{u3lrtr npoBeJrucpeArrBBepeft*, oHa ycra-
Arir rropeuua - 3To ltoJloccaJrblr,rii noctr;r
HoBtrJra, ttecfio.rrhr{o
3a(oHoMepuocrefr.CpenIl uux <no;roxutellnot) oHspr,Ilt na 3euln, o.naftrAaps
BaI{HeUMe: a) Bce (MayIJIrr) IIonaJlH Il SBepgM qeMy tr trpon3ollel raqecru|trrsrii
crra,tox- gol-
B orreHbpanHeMBo;rpacrc;6) uoanpaulancr,lr ,rrrr- rrtrtiroBcRlre6uol oru,tecrioii r[opun fiutrlR.
AtM, (llaylnrrD TaK r{ IIe cMol4n rrayqltTbct{ IoBo- Bttpoveu. BoJ!roll(Ho. rjacar,r' ltrlyx loforioB
pETr,; B) Bce (MayrJttr)r qnoxo npucnocaoJIlrRaJllcl, cHeprxx
- aro aa6:ryXgeuue. Cnopee r{o}Hrro
ri ?ttu3rrrrcpeAtr rDAeii n B c(opoM upelleuu (uan- trpe4crarluTrr Apyrym t{oAcJI6, rAe (lcrrrrbrnr Atsrr_
ctrMyu sepeB H€cl{o,lrbrroler) yu1lpallr. taTeJIeM) BhICTyIIaeTnOlOIt C eprutr. co3_
llono6uue {axrrr craaar rrog coMn€rruff }rHo- ,qaolqlricfl'I{I|SHI| 3a cqcr cytqecraoBaHrfl ee B ualustx
IUe peJrrrauo3HbrenotrqetrqIIn nporcxox{Aequs qe- cocrorsgflr (rro,qo6norouy l{ar no:gyx
ns-o6lac.
roaena tr Ayuu, Boanuramr BonpocBr, rra fioro- TIr Bblconoro [aBJeHut llepere(aer g o6.racrr, c
p,Bre EetsosMo?nHooTBeTtrTb, RCXOAfin3 BCpr{ B paapcmennoii arlrocrfepoii, (([por.r3BoJlsD
. re]r ca-
Xpucra, IJyggy u.nu Allaxa. E614 qyura, ronopn Irbrlf sEeprun).
cnoBauu fl,narona, tr3gaqa Buoe anauue (rro yr- faasxoe nporqsopelue Bce.rennoii - lrexr4y
BeprrlAaeTcff tr BeAyulur{r{ MrpoBBIM4 peJrrrrl,Is- (glrcroiE ll <csgaauuofiD aHeprtreii.
floscuxr.
Mu), troseMy BepHyBrunecsAeTu (nolpocrriu) He clrlu leicrByror ao Bce,ressofi:
fiae
cMorJItr upuHfiTb qeroBesecnufi o6:rurt? Brrxo4ur, 1. Ha pacflpffMrerrue flpocrpaucrla-Dpolrerru
qTo AyItra * oro xqureficnrfi olur? ,-
( DerqecrBa-dHeprtru).
Brpoveu, are[crau To?r(eHer cMblcna ropffie- 2, I{a cxarue.
crBoBarb. tr46oeclrn Ayua ecrr, coBoxynHocrl cBe- Bce npoqeccu,, npoucrolnt4ue eo Bceaeu-
Aenrfi. no;ryrennux uJ orp5'aialoueil cpe.lur n,rroc ttod,,- cte0craue nocronHHoao ( tannnnoeoto )
r€HerugecKaE trEQopMaqEff, uorreMy qe,'roBeri, nepeto1a JH ep?uua eer4ecrl o (auruturpontta) u
no6xnasuuii B aBepugofi unype, Tepner crroco6- rmo6opor (enrponua).
gocrl, r{ Boctrp}rffTrlro qeroBeq€cnofi riylrrypu? To ectr, uu uMeeM AeJro c nequoii {rnyriraqu-
Ifoueuy evy Ee rroMoraxlr 10A6r, rlponeAeHHb{ec )Heprx tl-Beqccr sa! CorracHo loaeii4rr.rn rrc-
''ii
rrogruu? cJreAoBarruflM B rfirHI|MaJrr,EoM (o66eMe) BaKyyna
A Mo]fier,Bo BpeMqmRanupe6eunaB BBepu- colleplr(RTcE HeBepofiTHo 6o;rr,uroe IioJrllqecrBo
xofi crae seJroaerrecHaff Ayxra nor{qAaerero tero? (qtrcTo[D sHepll'u - sHeprlr]r. lruruennori <o6o-
TorAa ua BaMeHyeii [prxoAnr Ayrxa mlrBolrrofo "rTogKtr).
(pexnnapxaqun),uJrn rre r0Jro, ocrattrrrucr, 6e: Cyirlocreyer J'rfi tllclrufl R {itrucrour rtlqo -
AytrIl!,CyqecTByer(IrexaHrrqecnrr), riari corfHalr- ,1ee r[trltlectoro lo n.]o u{clll s (ltarnprrir.rr,rroro
6yra. 3nyrur c'rparrHo.Arrr{o,rro aenr,u {-reuoueu uocnrels) ?
(MayrJIu)rre Me ee cTpanerr. Boar,lreu lpocrefirunii npnMep - Kar{ flcpoxa-
ercff TerrJloBafieueprua? Or ornn - Ii (acrpule,
r{ro ranoe (anepruamr:nu>? or riacrproru - ri aoge. V4apaun uo:relcyn, Ilo
N{oxier 6urr,. n }rarcprrr oprroRpeverrtlo (re- rge ucrorr? Ilovelry xulruvec(aa peafiqnff troporri
r*yrr ( <ry.rr,crpyrorr ) gra(!) lorona lueprtru, ilaer BbrAeneslre eueprrau? fas (rru [pyroc ro-
oAurr or Mr{rryca}i rrJtrocy (r, c, or rrc6r.rrrs li pmvee rerqecrno), cropa.a, lrrcro6omlaer xarioe-
6urulo), apyroii or rrirrocari rruflycy (coornercr- TO lionarlecTBo aEeplull, Ho fiaH 3Ta OHepIllS
BeEEO OTAru3nuIi Ct'reprU).Bor uogelry,ncclror- (Ten orr) ncpexoanr or parorperofi NoJrpt{y.'lhr
pfi Ea BToporr SarioH TepMoArlqalluru, noSIloiIiIIa Iasa Ii MOJIeI{yneMeTaJr a, n3 l(oTopolo cneJlana
xasub. Cnaqa"'ra(npu poxrgeuuu r{Jrerrirr,ol)ra- IiacTpIoJIff, a oT IIO,TeHyJIIj fiaCTpK)JItr- fi ItOJre-
nuaua) uorori rn€pruu co :rratielt <n;rroc>6olr- xyne ro,4r,r? 3a cver y4apon (6poyuorcxoe 4au-
Ine; B xoae pa3Blrrllfl IiJIeTIilr (OTp qaTeJll'I[b l)) r xeune)? [a, :ta c-rer nux. A ygapr,r npoucxoAsr
( troJIOH{IrTCJIr,rII'Iii r} I1oTOIir :lIIcprrII ypaB]IollelltR- or roroj qro nucro6oxt,qaerca qacrr, aHeptnlr Re-
BaIOTCfl, AaTelr rTOTOliCO SIIlfiOlt (II[IIyr) UatIlI- rrlccma (ylteur,rrraerca alleprerltqecrafi Hac6r-
uaer upoo6laqarl, II tiJlcrl{a notn6aer. IqeHr{ocrb cropaerroro lrarepua.tra),To ecrr, ouep-
flpu erpe4oreuubr\ ycJoBlrsx, I{orAa rio.rrntre- rufl npoxoArrT qepeS BcIIIccTBoJHe saAcpxirrBaficb
CTBO (nOJrOlr{I{TeJIt'UOiil lttepruu B llal{o}r-To 066- R IrCM, eCJII{ tro l}erIeC?ROOnflTL TI{e flaXOAUTCTI
B Apyron Bc IecrBe (nore). B AaHfloM c yrrae
* EorbEyro qacrE lTnx lereii Bocflurarl' o6eghslibl, petll trAeT o trepeAace sHeprllfi c rroMorqblo Ten.lla
qo oTlteqalolcE clyqau EaxoxneltrE AeTe! cpeAlr Don- nptr HenocpeAcTBeHEolrcotrp xocHoBeHtrIrBcnlecT-
rioB, neorapAoa, MoABeAeii,raaenei. Ba c BerqecrBoM. Ho ecrr u gpyrue cuoco6r,r- c

9E
Toria, c noMoqblo na-
norroqEf,) 9JrenTprrqecHoro qe o6aaarer6ao opraaurecnaa)? Haupauep,
aepHoronyga, c nolrorl{bloI{uoopMaquoHHorotro- a{uaqb Aytratrlqeir 3BM - cauoloccraqaBnrrnaro-
TORa (T. e. Ee HenocpeAcrBeHlro,a fiocBeEllbllt, ueiiorJ_ A aeqb aotrror{iHo (n 6ya}urcrr) nocrpo.
peAyHqlrouHbrl!tryreM). urr, 3BM 6cr xecrrioir tfu;ruvccnoii crpyrirypri-
Ha ocuoBe roii me calroii r!.rryriraqull ltexqy
O6;ragaer nr 3neprxeii nuifoplraqna? [Ie ra- ogTpotrg€ft n antuanTpon[eii. Bear, nlr oAuo ua
Jrgercff Jrrr nu$opuaqtrx ett1o,w enepe'uu? atur cocroqHnii Ie Moll{et cyllecuolarr, 6es gpy-
toto, a aEasuT, tscelAa ecTb Hefiag AeMapltaquoq-
IIepeco1 aerr1ecraeI xllepeum (e e.to6atuuo'tt, I]afi Jrnrrufi, EeiiTparr,Harr noJroca, IIlc u rto3ntorli-
aceneHctaotn. nucutra6e) ecrb strrponrLt, c eprb. rro 6eccuepruoe cyrlecrBotaHu€. Ho Hari nolactl
Ilepeml arrcpeuu .a seulecreo, noropoe cno' Ha aTy lronocy u) r.rraBHoe.nari yA('pxiaTbcff Ha
co6no o6ttenuearbcn c eHetuHeircpe1o snepeuef, ueiirog uetpeptronurv oficrpo.ron c 1ay-r cropou?
u Haaanluearb ee I ce6e, ecrb taH'TrtSlrr ponufl, I lotaeM naJlbruc.
3tcustab. <rfacranl lrreprtra ofi,ra4aer csoficrsort tiog-
ueHTptrpoBSTbCfi.yCJIOBHOIOBOpf, 11 EeFOeIl
Tltu:nr, (oprauusecrlaff, no Halrnn rIoT{rrll- N-npocrpaucrre - rionr rrI rlty)rr- n pocrpallcrne (rro
.EM)- 3ro drynraqlrx BelrlecrBa (rovuee, o,nutt coBcelrt He To npocTpaHcrBo, ri rioTopolly nptrEblri-
uB BxAoB ip.nyruaqun). Or Xaoca r llopalny ([Io- J'rrrMbr. Ho r.rctroJlb3yeM qautrrtii rep trIl ;ra tre-
psAoK floHr{Maercff 3AeCr' fiafi cTpyliTypHafi CIIM- uneHqeM lyvnrero).
uerpun Ilpocrpaucrna-Bpeueur, Beqecraa-3nep- flpn 4ocruxennu onpe4elequoii nplrrurecnoii
rnu). BernqnHr,r fioHqeqrparlull qucroft aueprutr IIpouc-
xoAnr riaqecrBeunufi craqox * JEeprr{E npeBpa-
Ec;ru Easarr,soe ycnoaue (ucxon) ecrl' oHT- qaercr B BeqecrBo (narepnm), 06raAaroqee
pouaE, To Bce paBEotroftAer pa3Brrne- B cropo- cneAyrondtrMrrcBoftcrBarrI,I:
ny Xaoca, a earen (r cneAyrcqeit,ycno)flEeH- 1) (noreBocrbroD B Brrle trpocrpatrcrna (aro
uoE crenenlr) ouFrb B cropoHyllopsnua. Beqslrii Bpole Toro, Han ropflrlafl rofloBerrr]ia co3aael Bo-
MaETxtrr{.Ha riartolr tro cqery ero rio.lebanull MLt npyr ce6a rroJreropsqcro rosgyxa) ;
' 2) cnoco6nocrbro axriylryJrupoBarb B ce6e
urrue cyrqecrnyeu?
3treprtrIo.
Momno rpeq;roxtrr6 cneAyloqyn upullurtrB-
EyIO CxeMy: To ecrl. nona 3neprrfi ffaxo1r{nacl B ((quc-
ToM), HoBelqecrBaHfloM BItAe,ona 6rtna cuoco6sa
r{n3H6 r{oHqeHTprrpoBarr,cs B HeKoMN-npocrpaucrne (no
ae 6rr;ra cnoco6ua Har(anJruBarlce6s cauoe n ce-
XAOC (rnecrpynrypxa.acuMuerpss) -> 6e cauoii). A nprr nepexoAeB cocrofiEtreBeqecr-
cMep?b Ra BHeprRA (noropyro retrepb npaBnJrbnee 6rr,ro
6rr narnrarr eeu4epeuefr n'ln marapeuefi'1 notry-
(crpyrirypuar clrlrlrerpur ) qltJla Bo3uoHtsocTb yAepx(ItBaTb, HaKatrJrrBaTbB
caoux i[nauuecHnx fipeAenax AonoJrul{reJrbnyro
Caltoe nona:rnre;rbgoe. qro Xaoc ecrr, sHcrxee cnepruro (n coorBe?crBeHroorAaBarr,ee - Ao lrg-
trporBJreHueIlopa4na (lrgearr,nan curtuerpuR), Becrnlrx npe4e;ron). Berqecrao- aro oco6oe
a lfoprgoH * Bhrcrlrec (yrltxa:rr,noc) npotBJleHr{e (cBflBasEoe,BortrorqeEHoe) cocrosHrre 3rleprurr.
Xaoca (crpelt.nelrr{e ri xa}ic[]IaJrluouy paanoo6- IIpn 4arruefturet anxyuy;raqnn rneprtrtl B Be-
pa3trro)| To ecrr, trepe[ Har{E creMa {ryHraqun: nIecTBe, corJlacso AEaneKTtrIte, AoJr)fieHnpotrcxo-
,r{tr3qb - gl{Tporrr{ff. Taxuu o6paaou, sHTpourltl qurl cregyroului cftaqor(: BeqecrBo (ottrrBaer) -
Ee ucxoaHoe yciroBtre, a npoqecc, Bllpax{anullnr noEBJIFercfl 6urNrornsecxas muaur. .Ilanlneiiurnlr
orHo reuxff ltelx,qy Xaocou u Ilopnqriolr. rrarroM rro lornne geqeil 6yger cxa.lori ri caepx-
Boauoxuo, B np ueucrrull n 6r'rrltto Bceles- rrnaur. flpourofirrr sro Aonlr{Ho lrorolty, qro Beft-
nofr 6oree rouerr o6paa re MasrIII{na, a trpylnl{- Top paBBurts ,r{Rsuu ra 3eure (tlrrnu.rrnaqua)
Ebr, Eonburoii R3p6rB, xaor[rrHo pa3]IeraB Mare- HaIIpaBJreHR cTopotry HaIionJIeElIfl, IioHIleHTpaII[lI
ptrro-3Heprnn, nafi 66I pacrfiHyJr ruraHTcliyn rueprlru. I{an rorlno aHeproBoopyilieHHocrL quBu-
npyx{nHy, (BJroTtiI{B)D alleprltlo ll3pEBa B 3To pBc- JIr3aIIrrn AOCTUTEeT OIrpeAe.'IerrHOrl) li0.tIrqecrBaS-
Tnrrretrqe, I,l nor npyxuua c?nIrMaercfi,Bo3Bpauras aoro nopora, Boauttnner cBeprttiu3Hb (roaltoxiuo,
BaffTyro B3aii 61 3leprulo, II 3a cqer sHePtrln na ocHoBa cEuouosa 6uocrpynryp u uaglluEoro
BoaguKanr Bce npoqeccbl uo Bce;reunoit, a rou XETEJIJIOI(TA I .
YSCneU xts3Hr,.
Boupocr,rcaraoNyce6e:
BoiMomsa JrE Bequaff xuanr ((puanuecHar, ao 1. Sneprerurecxoc rroJreeguxo xJru ecrb Mgq-

99
) T r -. L
, ,Il J- rIepauir lorori: or nprrqrrllr ri c.'re1crBuro.
r,' r, t . . , t -r-, r ,- -f-, -l l-l.d - - -lr^--{ b - r ,Jti B n p o clp a H-
cl tr ' : ilpli e . l I i E O u c ) - l l l tiOCT r l e CT b p a SHb Ie II3 ]Ie - Broport uoror:: or cJe,IcrBrrFii nprqrrne.
p eiiiirl l
:. li, lii, r B : i rioEfqiiafl q c:r l; 3 Bo ,r ltUtIiI Be tr Ie o r - 9r r,, l ,o' ni Th nn,'fl 8 |'t rte t.t?u(tbel rfl a.
B,r (\ru r i,prrn) I Begl cnepxxR:nr, (ec.rn 6url no- npuuuuttotl caF,ti t ,16.teH ui . Tai i at cna:i , cyrl e-
c.re,t()8ilrl,.lr,flLrrrB paccytfileHngr) roxe ccrt crByer iiafi 6r,r trapa.rre;rr,rrourllllcrrv tlrpy. ,'tnrul
ro,rr,rior)1t[. rioropbril,B cBoroorlepe,fL.6yner cue- IISpe,fna([popr,iB.rrlcrr)ri lrir\r. r\0.-{fl 1l coupl{ri(rc-
Hcrr c.-lo.'l\'rcrqlrlt.14 ran tra,:ee. H oB el rrI{c} rranrr (X ptrcroc. rl rri prrl l p).
lictatrr. lr tsc:rllnoc lciilc(:arlo olt(!pjlp!'er Ee
tio.rt,ltoii erpuru.Iln cillrorr ,le.-lene 6ur,to Itr- [p[rIuI{JI(r CJC;il]TBllu rr t,r \1. it c.-Ic,JcTBlf lr IIo-tlptTqll -
riariot.) fllprciliarur{ Benlecrar. 116one cytqecrao- Hr,nr ilrirapillo-11(tia-r). llcrtccroo -- llo rocrrr-
ra;I() npocTparrcTra (ran riaft upocTparIcTBo - ai cl rl l o ua ;l rl r) l l l ro rt J r,tr o- Il l I T]'U TIIB IIoi I J l l otsH e
aro 6lrrriUnr BerqecLBa,iicl aorqecrua ner n rrlro- I]apa.rJ0.'rrJHororrlrpt (q],ia). Herrocpe]crBerruoe
crpancrBerrHoro [o.{rr). .\ 6br"'ra(qucran,} gnep- )'crtorprrune rrcrunLi, rrr,qoxa:yeltoii rloprra,rrao-
IUs. IiOTOpas3a crleT liaFofo-T() trpoTrlBopeY[t ts JOr['rccKIr IlJre.\1.
cauoii ce6e clioEqeu'rpupoBa.rrach rracro.'lbrio,sro
o5pa a o a a" r aM ar e. pno (n e rq e c ru r,).,r\ u a re p ra . OoprIa lt coJcpi+iaulre.A ecr;.rru Eegro tperle
cran cyrqeii, cra.rra6utosatb lro eBo[]t. (\rareprr- (no ana;tory 1'porrqr,r)l .'[tr5o Bce rie rlrrp ,lBorr'
a JL I ihI t lt 3aIiouaM, c o f,' Ia cr r 0 lio T o p b tll o Ht He
.ren) Tor;1a u lior ro;Ke IBoxqeH.
rtur.,ra6lrrr, eraru.rnoii rr cro.-rr,rr.roruoii. To ectr,,
o5;ta.1al cuoiicrnotrtc{J3llaurrrro.rl-npocrparrcrBa! Ilopoit .ur.,ttttg.,tlpp?uci tr torepuei.
MaTeplrrr:lTo IroJe-rpoO?pa cT80 M[rroBttHE{}c03- 'fpe61'ercn u0,rro tspoAo lio.rrurolo raprrru
ga.:ra.l1o. co3AaBcro. c lrtru ]Rt! Bcrylrr.'ril ts ltpo- Arn 3roro ( eperio;l 3HeprurrB rrarepuru). A )+ r-
Tltsoperrre (uecooraercrolrerrJorHocrn rr o6relra). B6re opraurrtnbr {rrlnprrrep. pacrentra). uoxer
trl - <nropaa.racr> (ro;ne 1'c.rornuri 'replrrrn). 6nrr,. roate o6,ralaror cnoco6nocrlro auepr[ro
ctsora cBrrLrBarr, (c COr) u npelpaltarL B Be-
13oupocrr: llr'crao. ll.,rl cBel -- JTo l'r+ie Berqecrtso(npelre-
Crepx;trr;rnr,-- tro crpeM.1eflrte vareptru ri rqocruo) i)
cBepxflanon.tcuutor ce6e aueprrlr [Jrr crpeM.'rc-
Hlte Ii lio oqrolty Br,lcBo6oiri,{eE[rocueprull ll3 Be- Ilcroptrr rre.rroBerrecrBa - 3To Ecroprrs Haxorr-
rqecra a (lur ponuu) , r o e c rl t tr6 p a rn o rry l p e o 5 - Jlenrrr{ aueprnrr rr rru{roplraqnrr. IIe ecrL ru uE-
pa3 o Ba q uni {opxarllrn riarrccrBeHrroulaa (ropua aaeprnn?
\{oxer 6r,rrl, orcroAa- cl lr\ecrBoBaHue (Tofo)
caera, aarpo6noro nupa?
Mn{olorusv co;lfiarrtlfl o6ornaqn.r (rrncr]'roD
fyur cyqecrnym B BrrAernr[oplraqnn. nou-
sreptlrc clorou <rBor>.
rl ro a a upor r oopc q re p o ;l n .ro c L g o .rrrc ru i i ,' liperHoir rIo co,{epiranlrn, no a6crparrroi'r (1uc-
riperuoii) ro r{roplre. Bue rel:r ou 6ecnJortLbt,
eneprun (Bore). lioropoe cra.to XrrrHyrqeii cn"roir
Helrareprra.'rhnbr. A rtanog6l lrareprlaxlHue ffocrr-
(IloBoAoi\t) ri co3laEttru 3errEoro ltEpa u qe,-r0-
renlr ;(yln[. o6nranrlleir n rere? Cyrqecrryer .rrr
Berial
I.'lrr Hee rfoplra 6uroaaurrl B BrrAe aerqt'crlar'
0senunno. rrer.
To.'tlno paquoarirr{BHbIeDlIeMenrr,r,To ecrb
airetrlerirr,r catrbre (aEeprltrrHuel (c uart6o;rr,ureri lpy6ax cxena:
rionqenrpaqueil 3leptun B rioHelruolr o6oeue ge- P uctenrtr no.r)' qar,T i rFeprnn or ?l rcprB oi i\
{ecrBa). croco6nu flfiTuBrroBJuflTb Ea yraqrrl lraTep[u, Htlfiall.rrl1BaroT rr - oTnamT iltlrBoTHb]lr.
; I iuBb rxo pr au s r oB . I il o B.ra A e H tre
| l l l B H ,In J a ue l l .l[u.ruueirLreo rpu.tu,]i+ipHll(' f,HcprprllrlFcrioil up -
1to.'locca"r]LHr,rrr lio.-lr{ecTBo}r sHepfrrr - tlu Jtsr]- TO!H II: I{IIB OTH OE - qE .'IOB E K .
it{eHllemrlsErl ri cBcp]ai+irr3Hlr. Tpana - riopora (lro;rorio. MEco) - qe.'roeeri.
IIln uanpnrtyn: rpaBa - ve.roBeri.
(M- Ii eonpoc.l'o \reroiro.'roruflrro3Hannr: To ecr6 qe,roseH-- flapaalr. Oa xurer, 1'6u-
To, uto npauu.lr,rr(,. irJeriB&THo.JOtrrqE0.* BItr ql.'x{rle }till3nn llJtr R .'tyque}t cJyqae flo.'Il,-
,'roi+iEo. 3yflcr, niroAaur ir);fioii flirr3ueletrte.rrrrocrll. On
I[crusso ro;lbxo ro. rrro [porlrBopesnBo). st cnoco6eH YcBar{BaTLEeopraErrrrecfi! riJ nrrrq!'.
.A qro, ec,rlll oAnoBpeleErr{)TeriJ'TIBa noro!(fl cItHTe3IIpOBaTl, n3 Hee SIrepIIrI1) (rr3 ]teTaJ"'loB.
(nari lee sHeprnu) rrJtr :lBir Brr:laocynlecrBrenun yr.Tepogau r.;1.). A nor pacrenur - ctroco6rbr.
cBr3rr r{e;{i.'l}'fl3JeHtr.g}III B r0,]a, J Bo.1ruul1o Erroro flo sevifie.ru rlra trrrqeBafl qerocria aaubrfia-
trputliCcdl 3geprtlF - BeUIeCTB() - i]:ll I0TBopeE- ercfl Ea qe.'roBete?Crre rprtrutopequr Bceu 3afio-
Iroe BcrqccTBo(r{ttr3HE)- cBeprraq3gh.' IlaM 6brrnfl. O.reru;uo. ]rLi roi.tie or.faeu qro-To

100
HariorrJegnoeEt\In. Ho - qro [ ]iovv) Eor\'. qoo- noro po)Ii], raTaiIEIIBaeIItIJcF rfl .'Im6olrLITubIii 4,e-
c (l l fp r':' Irollr,II: .ln6o0 Itoil{IIo 06't rtctttltt, u;ttt
(ltrr, u lorr. .r1o riit}}i;{bliiBII;( (p{)A) a{lljl{rl r rlclrp0ts{,pr.HyTr, 'lg.1oIItI0
c ill]yr upoTrrBoloJo}r{Hbrx rlo3tl-
.\1e11fleT rapafiTep oueprolrorxolqeHlttlu oHepfl)oT rwii. Ho fipu yc.roBtr[J arro arrr troalrql]Ir (To.I] l
gavn (aueproo6lteua c BIJe[lHeii cpeAoii). ro itpel rfl) He ruyrpu oAaor"rreoplrfi. fiapaA[rr{br. a
ccrb Ieperio,flrr r]a 6o,'tt'e urtconrrii yponenr,. ua\oAlrcrt B cQepe pal bLy rllnoe .ltbtrurletttttt.
Iiurioii i+te )'poBrrrtLc.tt'lf lr)IIpIii IIoc.'le 'IeJo- \ , H a t e r t . e c T c c T B o S r J a H u er I p e , I I I r r 1 .
uu i a ? 'fo xnu, r c c nr r ii (i )l l \l )l Il o a i c c e n c rtn rti i l' csoiicrno lr cTp0 ,reIIr0 'rc.'roBoriil l!03rilBaTIJ
I I rrilxrp:rra r1uorrrtr,rii r' rllnp rrolrilo o6r,gcutrtr, rr nari npnoiiyretcriroc riil-
ll qro llr,t or,;1aort(n riil,tt'c:tro:tneprutr)':t IlccTBo. lli)rlutlrirrcll i! )ioAe llBo.'llol{rlrr ;Iillllofo lJ('-
13r,1r, rre rr,'tort,aio! llarrty IrilorL livrttaxlr rlcp- ltlccrBa. rr riaK IlNHrroe cBr,]rrc - ii,'tc;trtor' ;altt'nrr
Bfl'|itr -- cl'lqccTIla. cr()tflltr(] llll?l{c Ilit rlolaplrl- . , \ r i r a 'h o p e n r r l . rocrr,. 6porrrorrrlu liolov .1.ttt
,tccrioii lrccruurle 6btrrDl. llna,rrrt, ToT. riTo BbIUI{' upr)cr\r,rriNlt.lrlrxclr t l')r'o rrpeclo,tl.
rac. rroxl.rilcr or lrac ;tvrrI'. Ho lyrna - nolrETII{'
IreII::trIepIIM(XrC TO'rtilI 3p(ltlRrI llcrecrIlo3HaHrItt.
treo6-ronnu llaltrtuii lepuur. B iIeM Br,IPartllTL ll,"rrr Ilt,r' IllrrrItlr,T ]telrff nric,r(, lopii crtelr-
(ITo-rra uorrl,t '} l3 rr rrt[ropltaqntt ! T[ rt soriyru o6llnocrl, pacrnopt'nnocrr, a lrrtLc.
Jvrrr)' )'q
l).renrrflrro. IIporri]no;lu]rafl IIaMII u[q)opMallutt xoocrpepy r.1rr ror{y roqo6uoe, rlcrr, J{ilitrc cit-
lr ecrt Harr lione,rur,rii lpo;t-vtir Ir rleroqlie ?rep- v v l o 6 . r l i +( r 'r r I | y H J r t . r 6 , r a x o r H , 'i i t t t t l r . T o 3 i l 'l ( '] l
roo6-rrerra. lrEe lior? fl xo.ry corpanttrr cuoe <fl>. MRe 'Ioti
I]ct' narianrnaae\1oo HauII rtuanne (tt nayl- crpa;IarrIIfl Aoporfie prficnoro. tro eceo6t4ezr.t6:ta-
not,l rt tnrcln.roclior'. rI Jiliric Itarrrr'I oMoUIIII) ?r{{'r{crBa..ilyurc crpagarorrlec i,ll >. ,Ierr 6ol.'ilt.r-
rlpeAHa:rnaqeao Ec roJltio (tt ue cro.:tlxo) na- nirt paAocrrat 6rlroptrctaoperruocrt,.
rnrr]l lroro]tX:l11, Ho rlLrrtl'-To 6o.leo RHcolioltl' I] Oln5'qa n lrac l)To --To. rITr) t\l,r iio.'lee tcerct
rrepapxnrr 6urRl. ;1..,p(r-*iuM J tu! tr ocrt tln.\ 6eccut'prut,rrl' 13e1r ;rul-
rrocrb lre no;rier 6r,rrr, coBepuerlH{) 6oltrpeunoli tt
Pelraprta B croponY. 6"'rrrogarnoii airtc tt BIrAe ;(t'rn. IYtrrII. O6n3a-
lIo ranouy :.JlrrpoIIllII ([JIoc colrp He- Te.rLHo rpolBIllcH crlltApoll 6t'.roii o6ear,rtrlt.
']arioE A ocoiit'lrno ocrpr) flept]ri]rBalrr .toJotcti rocliv tro
IIn fl Itareput-]ncprtrtr ) . ctio, tr,tirt .\lhl lloJ-YtluJllI 01'
]rnpa. cro.rl,rio tuI lI or.IirJIr (r rlc.tort xtl.te6a- tbu.lltrt t;o.ttA 6r,cclrcprtrro. Ortr lpoltn;raercl 1a-
rrnn ceiiqac B Ilacqer He iiepcll). Lll'e.'Iu rLIct'{! i+te !' re\. xro rlrarrarr.rro aeplrr t] Seccrl(tprlrl'
ria.'IOplrii- RI'lIeJI{JII BO IlHilllllll{r!) cl)o,l(}' Trtct{_ r!'uu. Iloqenl c)rqecrByer Ir rlac cril roclill.
'Ii(, ne 1'utrprrrt,? Belr litlr
vy na.loprrir g sIIJt' t)6neHrLr\- llpoqeccoB. Ho - lro ,rpocruoe crpe\I.reHue
]rhr roplIJ'"1rt rlttp1- rfttrrllet tll ll). rtilrirl)lIr.It'lll'lo lit.'I sar\I IIaAeffiAl Ilil ihll3lll, llocJtl c\Icp'fII, a
uplrpo;lu. ja6orrIcL o rlelioeii ca('l\qeJfl tI{f.loBL'-
3HepfUrc. lI Il T(r tiP frlC\lt Co:l:lit.lrI lICli)Io Il(l-
Bvro aHel) Iro (rto;Ht'r iiltrt,. Ecr{r'IHbIii TeprIIlH) - {ecrioro cvItlecrBoBarIIIg. ;-loJurHit 6n.rt npttvu-
r utfroprratllt outt 1 to. IIitttptrrrep. RLlclias IiIILIo plrrt, Hitc c selts6t';Hsoctlrtl t!rr;llruccrit,ii rrtirc;t tt.
3,lech lr;leII. oIIII B0iU, noHBIIJucI) nptt;1e iit,t ttti .\tr uer. Bcer nac (n aepyrruptx u att'ttclog) ltit-
orriyr?4, cnepxy. liali IrpoIIeItrLI tIa IiurtlTil.r. To ropilil{IInaroT 3atrax TpaBLI. rpeloru'iIr }i0}li}- c0lI
ecrs: .rrcGe.1 l6;rorio (10{) rpauur-ro) u - noliaHi'lB. EeilEbui .rlyq, eirecr ill'Icrar,l' BIi)c xlipLr u uJilII-
flol]rlcill]! rronoTeB,- or:(a.rl npllpoAe 3rn 1()0 rpaM- aucrioro, ynpyrocrr 3eMJIn noA Iroroo I1 T.;I..-
rroo. Iloroxttn pynoii c py'Ixoii ro iiyltare, repe- catrbre qro Etr Ea ecrh rrJrorcHue orqyulenua. ;-[a-
;IBltryB c"y"I lr r. [., fi lrc[o]Ib3oRar lHeprIIK). xe gcreTrrqecKoe uacJIaEt[eELle oT llcfiyccTBa cBu-
rlbrl{aqaHHyro }lolllt opraHllsrloM rI3 rIprIHtrToI{ IIt{- 3auo c EaflIIIMa ceEcopEbtMlt oqynlennrur. \[u
rqu. Ilo ae;1r a (nolrulto MexaEI{rlectioro Srrepro- BByrpenHe poTecryeM nporuB saBflJaEHoii nrlt" -
rriuena co cpeloit) aamycrut 6 .\tLtp ueuro Ao- r ) 'T e . t y p o . l D K o l {o u a . B f i o r o p o M B b l l p c B i r o l ': i '
1t t1.UlLLreibH oe - wujo p.tLa4uro! ! ! 6olna gyuru.
tr4 ror roaapaqenrle a rip)-'rtr cBot * cylqe- Ipeeenrunuan flocraJlltan Ayrllr [o po]nHo
crByeT ;rrr nnifopltaqrrl riat- o6 r,enrrronal cy6- (Te.{y) npuBe.'ra ri rotrBJeHIrrl] B :!c\tlroJorltII
cranrlafl. qe3aBucuMat or cyo'berira. npuHtiMalo- p(-'lctaBJIeatrfi o OtrSn.recnoM DtrcIiperrreEI]u
IIIero ee? (Crapnnnr,rii drn:rocotfcriuii cnop ) tr4na- vMepu Ix.
qe roBopt, o6"raAaeT an nurfop'lraqlrr o5-r,e(rng- Ilonnrue ctrepru rcecrho (8fllalla c nottlrueJl
HbrMrl(p;BnllecKIIl\llrrapa]ireplrcrllriauu? Ilo ripaii- Ipe eH,u.
I1eii Mepe. oAllIl napa]terp .llolll trplrAyMaJn-- Bpeur-aro nocJIeAoBare:rblrocrlABIIx(eHIItr
U, -I O T HOC T L . (neper'Ierqeurn) BelqecrBa-rHepfun.nopflAofi (qro
aa .rell) paclpeqe,'reHlrtBelqecrBa-3HepttruB 3HT-
ponuu. Xore"r sanltcarl' (B npoqecce Slrrponr ))J
Iiorga aaurrllaetttbcqpa3\Il'lIuJeHrnlru noxci6- Ho noJyquJacl 6lt ragto:orrg: trpoqecc-- 3To lI

101
ecrr, Bpeun. A uoxer 66116, n auTporlun uotrtso y sac c noEgrtreu tr(tr388 (n c uosFTIleM ytrops-
EaaBarr, apeMerreM (tpyrHq[eii RpeMeHII r.rllt Ha- uareprn-eweprnu).
.uoLreFEocrR
o5opor: speua - rfyxnqr.a anrpouuu), IIoKa Ee Ovearguo, rrcqegtryr Aatfie rronglrrff (naD u
6yger lonaaaao, qro BpeMs ox{er rerlb a o6par- (serl, (BxoAD tr (BhrxoAr, (ll II (0].
rroM EatrpaBneHuu - or SETpoIIEE I{ I{oEqeHrpa- Moxeu lu uhr uo Kocru perogcrpynpoBarb
rlrrrr BeqecrBa tr arrgprEu (axruanrpouun). IIo- uauonra? IIo uetorexy - perioncrpynpoBarr, aa-
rrgrxlo aETpotrfin flpornBopequT tr noEtrTtre qep- uuce:r Eoxui?
noii quprr. Errrr, uoxet, ecJtr Bepua reoput{ Eeccuuoruqa q[BrrJn3ar]rru crreBllAEa- IIcro-
lio:ruuoro B3pbrBaIr vacca Bcellenuoii TaKoBa. ptrfl Aaer MnnnRapAbr rrpfMepoB. f{a rr .'rn6rre
uro ona 6y4er uepe: Harcotl-ro treptroA cxuMar6ct' colltraJlbltBle u npoql|e fiporpeccbr Hr{\ero He Me-
ro se noTerreTJItr Torna apelrn a o6parHyn cro- E.Enr Etr B AyxoBEoit cyqHocrrr rrcJoBeKa, HIr B
pory? Be4r oseprnfl-RelqecrBo 6yger rorga nru- 6nonor[secxoii. Crpagauue ocraercA crpaAaHI{eM
faT6cfl He B cTOpOHypaBsoMepHoropaccpeloTo- (ecnu ue pagpyruan?cr c oriorqr,rt xrrpyprxfi
qeHur, a B cropony (ouqenlpaqru. tr4 6urr uo- otrpeaeJreuuble yvacrxn uosra).
?r(eT,TorAa Bo3HIrKEyr coBeputeEEo HenpeAcraBtr- Torra ocurrc;IesHocrb ecrr, ToJrr'r{oB rrrrgocrtr
Mbre AJrfl Eatrtero cosuaunt cpopvu xraun (aep- (aro [oArBepx{Aaror Bce BeAy Itre MlrpoBbrepeJILr-
nee, aarnxusun). lhnqcrseHHoe, B qelr fi yBe- ruu). Jkvuocrr voxer rpaxc{opMl{poRarbcff
pes,- TaI( 3To B roM, rrTo rlpll sToM npbllnliE rpo- (6yqnrsu), Ho Bce paBHo 6y4er or;rnvna or o6-
6or ne pacnpororc.E x npax tre co6epercs no ulero, qenoro (xorr u crurarcr c HlrM B palo nJrlr
qacrr,rqaM B ser{oraa innrulnx nrogeii. @opuy- nupnaue). Ho aagava {llBr.rlnaaqrlrr- o6ecne.rutr
ra lepanrnra (<,B eoqu t.r,[Roit pexn ttell- BLr utBaEtre arofi cauoir JrIrrlfiocrl{, cJIeAoBarerbno,
sn sofrrn gramgul), orleBlllEo, 6ynee aepna n sAecb trpoTuaopeqlle: qtrBMlIt3aql{f, troAaB"'rrlrctrIa,l
g uuoi scerennoil, c unbru Bexropou speue- J'rtrrtaocrl,(nocttr-,.ttlxy3aAaer eia,rtrqHocrlr| craH-
EE. AaprEHe paMftu cyulecrEoBanus), oAuoBpelleEEo
06ectre.ruBaer JrrlqEocrrr x(I{aEL.
Moxno rn Aarr, otrpe1eJlelne nontrrnlo (Bpe-
MfiD, coBepmeruo ne npn6eraa K ((BpeMeREblM) l\{up, xunyqnii no rrc6nu, o6peuen ua rr-
repuuxau? I4lu u anecl MI'r ynpeMctr B Teope- 6err - nor rJraBHoe llportrBoperne Xpucra.
uy le4e;rn o E€rroJlaore (orpanu.rexuocru {op- I,16o rrn6sqnii (upancraeuuuir) Ee Aorlycrltr
MAJTBEOTO UOaUauun)? y6ueuna ne rorblio rleroBerra,uo u:rru6oto xu-
,{auxeurre Berqecrsa-aEeprntr Mo?nro pelioE- Boro cyrqecrBa. A anarrr, :uo6nqlrfi (ucrrxuufi
cTpyEpoBaTr,no cJeAaM B3atrMoaefrcTBug oTAeIb- xptrcrKaEtrH) noru6Rer r[nrruecxtr (or r.raga),
sbrx cacreri BerqecrBa-axepruu MemAy co6on, nan 14 ec.ln ace 6ygyr ucTuau'u-wu xplrcrllaEaMu, To
IIO OTtr€JII'IILIMI(oCTgM naJIeOHTOtOIU BoCCTaEaB- EB aroM poA nloAcKofi tr HoEqnrcfi.
usaror o6.rux AIrEo3aBpa,Ecrl aertre gceo6q[e Mnp nocrpoen [Jr[r ua Mpapxtru (J]peanuii
aaxourr (no xpaiineft uepc, qa Eatrleu orpeaxe Prr'r u Aalee), uru ua rro6sr (Xpucroc). I{uau-
6urus, a Haueii cucreue t]pocrpaEcrtseuHo-Bpe- Jttr3aqnfl O?I{eTCyqeCTBOBaTL'JII{rxL OIIlIpagCb
MeEubrx KoopAunar), xoroplte D03BoiIsIor 3To Ha nptrHyrrtAeuue (anououuvecxoe, BoeHHoe,ro-
CIEJI Tb. rnqeiiuroe, (yJlr,rypuoe n r. A.). {unnruaaqua
He rdo?Iter 6;rrr, nocrpoeaa sa rn6su - A.lIs Hee
O rocsocrn repMI{EoB a ifnloco$ur. ([unurnaaqnu) ero ru6e,rr, B 3roM cJlyqae cra-
fiaa r;ranxux MeroAacyqecrBynr a ifnloco- rossrcs 6eccMbrcJleHnbturr I{ qe,nb rr cpgAcrBa'
ifnn cnonon rena: 3ro resaaabuo nonsr Betnxurl I'laxausurop y
1) ipopua.'lrno-nornvecxnfi, nocroescttoro.
2) auotroaa.rruo-nuryurnnurft.
Bropan rutora nctronlayer areuenrr,r i[op- Heo6xogure fiepexo[ or o6qecrsa norpe6;re-
ualr,noii JoTIIKII (BHyrpu) ocuoBrrbrx trocblJroK aua n o6uqecreyeoa1eptmuun. Hnnerrnsg qnsrr-
(Xafigerrep u gpyrne) - aro cBoero poAa Aporfi- Jln3arl E (paannrne verorevecraa) ,qBtrxercs
mn i[rroco(fur. crpeMJrexEoMqeJIoBefiax tpnsuvecnouy (u orvac-
Bonpoc o roql{ocrlr npe,qcranJleEnft: saBtrctrT rtr AyrrreBuouy) (oMibopry. Moruaaqua Bcex ro-
:rr o6texrtrsltril rlllp or nptrrqufloB seroBe{ec- cryu{oB - yAoBollbcrBlle IrJIu 6onaar' 6o;rIt. crpax
I(oro Bocnpufirtrs (a nane BoctrptrflTneopueu- nepeg Ancxou(poprou (cueprl raKxie paccrrarpx-
TnpoBaqonpe}xAe Bcero rra 6uo.tornuectyn rn- Baercff r(a( oco6rrfr nucxouSopr, a Hc riaN uepe-
i{HBaeuocrB qeroBefia!) ? Byqer :rn aropofi saxor xoA B xoBoo cocroEHlre). coqna;rlnax petlleHcnn
TepvoAEEauHr{nBropbrM3arioEol[ TepMoAtrEautr- IrEOrAaMaCI{npyeTgTn MOTI{Baq[[.rr BCe, e oHu -
ritr BEe qeroBeqecnofrqtrrn.ruaaquu? Orser sa- B ocEoBe Bcei leficrBnt lro6oro ve.lonena. Tor,
rpaIlrBaercfl: ner. Iloveuy? flororty vro ncrea- I(To 3aJIott(uJIB Hac JTII MortrBaqnll. noi;illa;r Eac
Eer cavo uoEfllEe 3ETpOUtrtr- Be,fb OEO CB'SaEO Ea l{p&qol( - sacraB.rlstr Hac paanuaarlcn. ?I{ena-

t02
Eue noMdopra trrE 6oEBHr, Altcr(oM(popTa- xafi JItrTEPATI?A
ntr cTpaIrHo - lr ecTt, f.laEErjir ABtf}nnTcxhnpo-
rpecca. I
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